Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Income contribution and adoption potential of apple based agroforestry on homestead farms in West and North Shoa zones of Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

To reduce the local people high reliance on the remnant forest, the then Forestry Research Center and GTZ introduced and provided Apple tree seedlings for selected residents in the West and North Shoa Zones of Ethiopia two decades ago. However, despite the provision of such variety of seedlings, a study that assessed the...

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A study on prisoner population and food demand in Malawi prisons

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

While Malawi’s per capita cereal production may be higher than her per capita cereal consumption, Malawi is a net cereal importer and thus food insecure. The food situation is much worse in Malawi’s prisons because inmates generally eat one meal per day. The general objective of this study was to project...

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Assessment of the factors affecting the performance of micro and small scale enterprise: The case of Wolkite town, Guraghe zone, Southern Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Currently, the Ethiopian government gives a great emphasis on the growth of micro and small-scale enterprises. Besides, some empirical studies were conducted to identify the factors affecting the performance of micro and small-scale enterprises in this town. For the sake of achieving this goal most important primary...

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Heavy metals pollution index of surface water from Commodore channel, Lagos, Nigeria

June 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 6

Surface water pollution poses a major risk to all biotic entities dependent on the water body. This study assessed the surface water quality of commodore channel, Lagos lagoon with respect to its heavy metals pollution level using indexing approach to determine the sources of heavy metal and its associated pollution risk....

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Assessment of water quality in the lower Nyong estuary (Cameroon, Atlantic Coast) from environmental variables and phytoplankton communities’ composition

June 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 6

The aim of this study was to provide a first-hand water quality assessment of the River Nyong estuary, Southern Atlantic coast of Cameroon. Environmental variables and phytoplankton communities were monitored at four surface stations in the estuary for 2 season cycles from 2014 to 2015. A total of 208 species of...

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Bacterial community changes during composting of municipal crop waste using low technology methods as revealed by 16S rRNA

June 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 6

Bacterial communities are actively involved in composting process but the environment within the compost influences their diversity, abundance and succession. In this study, the authors investigated the bacterial communities in tropical crop waste compost using pyrosequencing. Municipal crop wastes from the tropics...

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Growth and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars as influenced by rates of phosphorus at Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important food and cash crop in southwest Ethiopia with multiple uses. Productivity of the crop is, however, low at national as well as regional levels, mainly due to low soil fertility. Phosphorus (P) deficiency is particularly important in acid soils of southwest Ethiopia...

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Yield and agronomic performances of desi type chickpea genotypes against acidic soil of Western Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Currently, 40% of arable land in Ethiopia is affected by acidity and particularly the soil acidity problem that occurs in central and western zones of Oromia deserves immediate intervention for crop production. The objective of the present study was to examine responses of Desi type chickpea varieties against acidic soil...

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Indigenous knowledge based identification of medicinal plants in Central Zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

There are many traditional medicine practitioners in every corner of the world, which can be grouped into spiritual healers and herbalists. Both groups do not tell to others about medicinal plants sometimes even to their descendants. This may have many different reasons, some say the medicine becomes functional if it is...

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Conservation status of bird fauna of South West of Omo National Park, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

A study on the conservation status of bird fauna of South West of Omo National Park (SWONP), South Western Ethiopia was conducted for dry (January - March, 2012)  and wet (April - June, 2012) seasons. The study area was stratified based on vegetation (Riverine Forest land (RFL), Grass land (GL), and Bush land (BL))....

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On-farm description and status of Nuer (Abigar) cattle breed in Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

This study was conducted in Gambella Regional State (GRS) in order to characterize the Abigar cattle breed phenotypically at its breeding tract. It was done purposively in four selected districts of the region using extensive field surveys, morphological measurements and focused group discussions on the origin,...

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Mechanism of retained placenta and its treatment by plant medicine in ruminant animals in Oromia, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Retained placenta is the abnormal condition in animal reproduction in which fetal membrane failed to detach from maternal uterine wall after postpartum. The retention of placenta can create some disorders within reproductive organ of animals by allowing microorganisms to grow inside the uterus causing inflammation of...

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A study on gross and histopathological pulmonary lesions of cattle slaughtered at Abergelle Abattoir, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Animals in sub-Saharan African countries are used as source of milk, meat, hides and skin where animal diseases are one of the primary constraints in increasing the productivity of food animals. Studies were conducted to examine various respiratory problems of cattle with purpose of identifying the gross and...

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Study on calf coccidiosis in dairy farms in and around Holeta Town, Finfine Zuria Liyu Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Bovine coccidiosis is a protozoan infection caused by different species of Eimeria which has a worldwide distribution. The disease which mainly affects calves belongs to large herd size where hygiene is not well managed and is associated with poor body condition. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November...

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Chemical composition, functional and organoleptic properties of complementary foods formulated from millet, soybean and African locust bean fruit pulp flour blends

June 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 6

This study was aimed at producing and evaluating the quality of complementary foods from millet, soybean and African locust bean fruit pulp. The millet, soybean and African locust bean fruits were obtained locally in Kaduna, Nigeria. These materials were separately cleaned, dried, milled and sieved into flours. The flours...

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Meat quality analysis of Djallonke lambs co-infected with Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubrifromis (Trichostrongyloidae) and treated with two medicinal plants

June 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 6

Gastrointestinal nematode infection adversely affects small ruminant productivity all over the world, especially in tropical countries. A study was carried out to evaluate the extent to which concurrent infection with these nematodes may influence lamb meat quality, and how phytotherapy might improve these parameters....

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Comparison of traditional butter preservation techniques using microbial and organoleptic properties, West Shewa, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 6

The study was conducted in Dire Inchini and Ambo districts of West Shewa, Oromia, Ethiopia to assess traditional butter preservation methods and compare their efficiency. Semi-structured questionnaire was prepared, pretested and used to interview 120 women respondents having experience in butter making. Butter...

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A longitudinal data analysis on risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes mellitus at the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic chronic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels with multi-system complications. The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes mellitus over time in their random blood sugar and to obtain better predictive model for type 2...

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Investigation on the effect of a one-day pharmacovigilance training of healthcare professionals

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

A key objective of the decentralized pharmacovigilance program is to increase the knowledge of in-service healthcare professionals in pharmacovigilance to enable them develop a culture and practice of adverse drug reactions reporting. It is imperative to evaluate the impact of the training offered, as it is a key...

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Caregiver feeding practices in Sierra Leone

June 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 6

Sierra Leone is a basis for developing a community based Early Childhood Development (ECD) programme. Using a set of questions in a household survey, it was found that 92% of children are given breast milk as their first food. However, for 39% of children, breastfeeding stops after 40 days.  46% of the children were...

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