British colonial reform of indigenous medical practices amongst the Asante people of the Gold Coast, 1930-1960

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This paper focuses on the influence of the colonial administration on indigenous medical practices amongst the Asante people of the Gold Coast. The extent of the influence caused the indigenous medical practitioners to form herbalist unions and associations among others. The British Colonial administration further introduced through some advanced native heads, the registration of indigenous healers. These, among other things, prevented quackery in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The Writing as a condition of validity in the arbitration agreement in Tunisian legislation

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Nowadays, arbitration is required in the world of international trade as the normal mode of dispute settlement. Indeed, the development of the business world and the intensification of global trade have contributed to the emergence of several conflicts between international traders, these conflicts are amplified with different cultures, mentalities and especially international legislation. The arbitration was then the best remedy since it is the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

The relativity of heterosexual norms and gender power on young people’s sexuality in Africa

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Within sociological discourse, young people’s sexual practices have become an area of particular interest as sociologists attempt to contextualise sexuality as multifaceted social experiences rather than as psychological or psychoanalytic processes. This study introduces a conceptual framework for investigating young people’s sexuality and sexual practices in African context. It was achieved through a critical review of the conceptual... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Competitiveness of cocoa-based farming household in Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Nigeria is the third largest producer of cocoa in Africa producing about 6% of the total World production. The objective of this study is to assess the competitiveness, comparative advantage and effect of government policies on cocoa production in Ondo State, Nigeria. The analysis was conducted for sole and intercropped cocoa production systems. Primary and secondary data were utilized for the study and were analyzed using the framework of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Mediatizing security operations: An ethical and professional assessment of Media coverage of insecurity in Kenya

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

This study sought to establish the adherence to professional and ethical principles of reporting insecurity matters by journalists in Kenya. Kenya has continuously grappled with national security issues since the 1998 US embassy bomb attack. Terrorist attacks have become a frequent and major cause of insecurity. This has been aggravated by the frequent sectarian, religious and ethnic violence in various parts of the country. Notably, some of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Changes in marriage practices among the Bafumbira of Western Uganda

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

This paper examines changes in marriage practices of the Bafumbira, an ethnic group in Western Uganda.  The paper uses data obtained from primary data that included focus group discussions (FGDs) in Kisoro District and Kampala City and compliments it with secondary data. It shows that some marriage practices threatened by modernization through formal education, migration and urbanization are still very relevant to the society. These include:... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 2

Optimization of micropropagation protocol for three cotton varieties regenerated from apical shoot

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The need for alternative strategies to obtain transgenic cotton via apical shoot was necessitated due to the recalcitrance of cotton regeneration from somatic embryogenesis, this has greatly slowed down the development of transgenic cottons. To this effect, an optimized regeneration system from apical shoot was developed for three varieties of cotton. Ninety-five percent seed surface sterility was observed in seed germination using a combination of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Jane Eyre searching for belonging

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper tackles Jane Eyre's journey to get belonging. This journey passes five phases. The paper is not going to focus on these chronological phases in details or highlight on them. The major task of the researcher is to discuss two major points: Jane's consistent endeavors to have belonging and the moral stance of Jane to achieve this purpose. These two points will give the researcher a convenient chance to manipulate such characters as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Effect of different types of honey on the microbial shelf stability of cassava-wheat composite bread

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

The effect of physicochemical properties (moisture content, total acidity, total phenolic content and viscosity) of honey on the microbial shelf stability of cassava-wheat composite bread was investigated. The percentage weights of the sugar (sucrose) required in the formulated recipe was substituted with different types of honey at the same level (70% sucrose: 30% honey). Freshly baked and cooled cassava-wheat composite bread loaves were stored or... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

A fairness approach to tax amnesty

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Whether or not tax evaders join tax amnesty programs after evading taxes, an important index is the influence of tax amnesty programs on compliance. To study this question, this paper sheds light on a relatively neglected but important area of the tax amnesty literature in the economic analysis of the secondary tax evasion of tax evaders. Considering that people who participate in tax amnesty program after the government approved an amnesty for tax... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Performances of elite amaranth genotypes in grain and leaf yields in Northern Tanzania

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Amaranth is one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent. In Tanzania amaranth constitutes about 5.3% of total vegetable hectarage planted annually. Most cultivated varieties of amaranth are landraces with relatively poor leaf and grain yield. This study was conducted to identify genotypes with potential for dual purpose (leaf and grain) use for promotion or further cultivar development. An experiment... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of communal land sub-division and land use changes on household waste production in the Southern rangelands of Kenya

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

In the past few decades, the inhabitants of now Kajiado County in the southern rangelands of Kenya have experienced changes in land tenure and in land use that have impacted other aspects of their livelihoods as well as the environment. The study sought to examine these changes within the context of their potential influences on the household production and management of solid waste. Local residents from three different study areas were interviewed... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

The extent to which pre-service Turkish Language and Literature Teachers could apply summarizing rules in informative texts

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

  The purpose of the present study is to determine the extent to which pre-service Turkish Language and Literature teachers possess summarizing skill. Answers to the following questions were sought in the study: What is the summarizing skill level of the pre-service Turkish Language and Literature teachers? Which of the summarizing rules are difficult to apply for the pre-service teachers? The study employed the survey method. The study... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 3

A comparative study of the defluoridation efficiency of synthetic dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) and lacunar hydroxyapatite (L-HAp): An application of synthetic solution and Koundoumawa field water

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

This paper deals with the comparison of defluoridation efficiency of two defluoridation agents by the use of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) and lacunar hydroxyapatite (L-Hap) as a fluoride sorbents. The DCPD and L-HAp are characterized by using XRD and FTIR techniques. Defluoridation of synthetic solution of sodium fluoride (NaF) and natural waters of Koudoumawa are studied. The fluoride removal capacity is as follows: DCPD: (26.37 mg.g-1;... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Globalization, Culture mutation and new identity: Implications for the Igbo cultural heritage

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The paper engages in globalization debate to explore culture mutation and resurgent new identity in the periphery societies of Africa. It focuses on the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria. The study of Igbo culture mutation is particularly interesting because 'traditional' scholarship presents the people as 'acephalous','egalitarian' and “republican”. It locates culture mutation within a social organization of culture... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Knowledge, attitude and acceptance of voluntary male medical circumcision among male students attending Botswana University

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

In recent years safe voluntary male medical circumcision (VMMC) has been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the preventive strategies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection for those countries with high HIV prevalence and low medical male circumcision rates. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of safe VMMC among male university students attending Botswana University. A... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Cross-sectional study on bovine fasciolosis: prevalence, coprological, abattoir survey and financial loss due to liver condemnation at Areka Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to April 2014 on bovine fasciolosis at Areka municipal abattoir to estimate the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis, associated risk factors, evaluate the sensitivity of coprological test and estimate direct annual financial loss due to liver condemnation. From 400 sampled cattle’s during the study period, 67 (16.75%) of their fecal samples and 120 (30%) of their livers were positive... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Micro-hegemony and political orders in Uganda

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

In the last twenty years, local government in Uganda has been transformed into one of power centers with authoritative actors. Within the existing constitutional structures local government is a host of powerful actors whose activities influence public policy decisions as well as determine the fortunes of local areas. The creation of new power centers has implied more avenues of influence. Both the political and institutional environment is... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Genuine leadership and the global financial crisis

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

Since the primitive era, mankind is facing repeated crises and wars at increasing levels. One of the main reason might be a continuous misunderstanding of the leaders’ activities and goals. For instance the 2007 Global Financial Crisis was the result of high risk lending, failure of regulators, inflated credit rating and investment bank abuses. Hopefully, contemporary researches focus on the behaviors that constitute effective... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Access of urban farmers to land, water and inputs for urban agriculture in Dodoma municipality, Tanzania

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

This paper examines the access of urban farmers to land, water and inputs for urban agriculture (UA) towards household food security, employment creation and income generation in Dodoma municipality. A cross-sectional survey was employed involving 300 urban farmers from both squatter and non-squatter settlements. Structured questionnaires, focus group discussions, key informants, observations and documentary review were used to collect data relevant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Non-verbal immediacy’s role in student learning

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

Clear and effective communication is essential. Nonverbal communication specifically has a vital role in communication. There is inconsistent data on the effect of nonverbal communication used by instructors and the impact on student learning within the higher education environment. This research study sought to find distinct correlations between instructors’ nonverbal communication and student learning. Based on quantitative and qualitative... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Urban-rural differentials in child undernutrition in Ethiopia

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Empirical evidence on the impacts of household poverty and other socio-demographic factors regarding child undernutrition is essential in targeting resources appropriately to raise the health of the poor and most vulnerable groups. There is a paucity of such evidence in Ethiopia. The present study identified urban-rural differences in the magnitude and determinants of under-five child undernutrition in Ethiopia. Complete anthropometric data for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Using assignments and group writing as means of assessments in EFL writing instructions: Bahir Dar University in focus

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This study assessed the instructors’ reflections on using writing assignment and group writing as means of providing students with more writing practices and assessing students’ performance in the writing course. Fifteen instructors were provided with open-ended items of relevance and feasibility of using the two assessment mechanisms. Only five instructors responded and their reflections are presented. All of the respondents, but one... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Longitudinal investigation of perceptions towards university concept through metaphors: A university Sample in Turkey

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

This study aims to fill the gap in the field of observation-based longitudinal studies about metaphors in educational literature and investigates students’ perceptions about the concept of universty before and after university by identifying and comparing the change and the direction of change observed in perceptions. The phenomenological study was conducted on 128 Abant İzzet Baysal University first year students selected through maximum... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Land use/land cover change detection in some selected stations in Anambra State

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

In this paper, land use and land cover change detection of some selected stations in Anambra state for three (3) periods of twenty-nine (29) years was conducted. This was done by using three satellite images of different dates (1986, 2000 and 2013) which were interpreted and analyzed to extract the detailed information for identification of the changes. To obtain the changes in the land use/land cover, the traditional approach of post classification... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 1

Green banking in India

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

Environmentalism is a social movement that shows the concerns for environmental conservation and improvement of the state of the environment. This has now become a constant concern in every industry and it is no wonder that the banking industry also caught the ‘green’ fever. To circumvent the global warming trap, the impulse of ‘going green’ is running faster than expected amongst all the big giant industries, from Mutual... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Analysis of differences in internet user experiences and virtual network activities in Taiwan

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

Considered a crucial industrial development in the 21st century, the Internet has had a marked effect in shaping modern society. The ongoing development of handheld mobile Internet devices has enabled services in the virtual world to be updated constantly, thereby providing numerous options regarding the virtual network interactions and activities of Internet users. Among the various virtual network activities, people and organizations can form... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

The politics of language and representative bureaucracy in Ethiopia: the case of Federal Government

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Building an inclusively representative and equitable bureaucracies in a multiethnic, multilingual and multicultural polity is a challenging phenomenon. Being one of such polities, Ethiopia embarked upon multinational federal nation-building policy exactly two decades ago through a constitutional reform. Accordingly, nine regional states and two chartered cities bureaucracies were established besides the federal bureaucracy. It is obvious that in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Canonical relationship between performance indicators based on Brazil, US and IFRS accounting standards of Brazilian and United Kingdom companies

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

The aim of the article is to identify canonical correlations among performance indicators calculated from a base of accounting statements prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP), Brazilian accounting standards (BR GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Descriptive research with a quantitative approach was carried out. A research sample of 50 companies was selected, including... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Use of real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and histopathological changes for detection of the Toxoplasma gondii parasite in male rats (experimental study)

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

Toxoplasma gondii infection is wide spread in Iraq that is why this study was carried out to detect its presence in semen samples of infected male rats experimentally. Impression smears, real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and histopathological changes were used for detection of T. gondii. The current study included the isolation of local strains of T. gondii from placenta of women that experienced abortion that had toxoplasmosis history, 0.3... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Analyzing the edge of professional Taiwanese baseball league starting pitchers using the Entropy and TOPSIS method

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

A new approach to the complex problem of objectively evaluating the edge of a professional baseball starting pitcher is proposed to avoid judgments resulting from subjective opinions. The method not only ameliorates the subjectivity of the topic but also provides the means to rank starting pitchers in Taiwan. Entropy and the Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to the Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) are used to evaluate the edge of a starting... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Mothers’ validation of midwives care in the management of labour pain in Plateau State, Nigeria

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

One of the major determinants of maternal satisfaction in labour is adequate pain relief or rather the woman being able to cope with the pain. Since midwives are the major health care providers attending to women in labour, this study explored women’s validation of the care midwives provide in the management of labour pain in Plateau state Nigeria using a descriptive cross sectional design. Women (n=126) were recruited from a hospital in Jos... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Urban ecology concept and its implication for studying social integration: Case study of the Palestinian refugees

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This article aims to analyze the phenomena of urban segregation and social integration in the Palestinian refugee camps. The arguments are based on a theoretical basis as well as findings from the author’s fieldwork taken where he used to live in the Gaza refugee camp. The main argument of this paper claims that residential segregation and the creation of informal settlements in the city boundaries are exclusively associated with cultural,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Changes in behaviour, and cerebellar histology of Wistar rats exposed to refuse dump

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

Open waste dump sites are a common spectacle in Nigeria. These sites may cause neurotoxicity to people dwelling in their vicinity. Hence, the present study investigated the effects of long-term habitation at the vicinity of refuse dump sites on motor, mood and cognitive behaviours in rats, as well as on cerebellar histology. Young adult male Wistar rats, approximately 70 days old, were used for this study. Rats were housed in the vicinity of a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

A new method for the detection of oil degrading genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa based on transformation and PCR hybridization

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

Biodegradation is the chemical breakdown of materials by a physiological environment. The term is often used in relation to ecology, waste management and environmental remediation. A specific gene from bacteria is identified and sequenced which has the capacity of oil degradation without any obvious strain specific discrimination using a combination of PCR and hybridization. The parameters of biodegradation that is culturing and PCR technique... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Electronic information sources: The effective use by the academic community

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

Electronic information sources are becoming more and more popular since they provide multimedia information, full-text searching, reference linking and flexibility in searching and browsing. The purpose of this study is to determine how nursing students and faculty uses the electronic information sources for work-related purposes. A total of 210 survey returns indicate that students and faculty use the electronic information in support of their... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Is routine antibiotic prescription following exodontias necessary? A randomized controlled clinical study

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The importance of routine antibiotics following exodontias should not be addressed in isolation but in conjunction with other factors. Information obtained included patient bio-data, oral hygiene status, tooth extracted, type of exodontias (routine or surgical) and duration of extraction (< or > than 10 min). Randomized patients for extractions were divided into two groups, method of randomization and allotment of patients were done by blind... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Pulmonary artery hypertension and type 1 diabetes mellitus with suspected autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome in a pediatric patient

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology

J. Diabetes Endocrinol.

The objective of this study was to describe a constellation of rare pediatric disorders, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes (APS). This study present a brief report of a child diagnosed with autoimmune type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) at age 11 and with PAH three years later, when he was re-presented with symptoms of chest pain, lethargy, syncope and vomiting. Following a saline bolus, he became severely... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Perception and practice of self-assessment in EFL writing classrooms

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

This study investigates the perception and practice of EFL learners and students towards self-assessment. The study was conducted taking 50 second year English major students, who were selected by simple random method, as a representative sample. The study also included 10 EFL writing teachers who were selected by comprehensive sampling method. From the study, it was found that both teachers and students had positive attitude towards self-assessment... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Effect of weed control methods on weed density and maize (Zea mays L.) yield in west Shewa Orimia, Ethiopia

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Field experiments were conducted during 2013-2014 crop seasons at Ambo and Guder to study the effect of weed control methods on weed dynamics in maize (Zea mays L.) variety BH-660 in randomized complete block design with three replications. Five treatments, including Nicosulfuron (Arrow 75 WDG) at 0.09 kg ha-1 + silwet gold (adjuvant) at 0.10%, s-metolachlor 290 + Atrazine (Primagram) at 3.00 kg ha-1, s-metolachlor (dual gold) 1.5 kg ha-1, and hand... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Parasitic prevalence of fresh water shrimp (Atya gabonensis) in lower Benue River, Makurdi

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Int. J. Fish. Aquac.

The study investigated the parasitic prevalence of freshwater shrimps (Atya gabonensis) in the lower Benue River for a period of six months (March – August, 2012) during which a total of 1000 shrimps were sampled randomly from the landing sites of the River Benue and were analyzed at the parasitology laboratory of the verterinary teaching hospital, University of Agriculture, Makurdi. The gills of shrimps had the highest parasitic prevalence of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Analysis of performance, management practices and challenges to intensive pig farming in peri-urban Kampala, Uganda

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Uganda is currently among the largest per capita consumers of pork in sub Saharan Africa. Most of this pork is consumed in “pork joints” in Kampala and other major urban centers in the country. However, the current productivity is low and cannot meet the soaring demand for pork. No information was previously available on the performance productivity of intensive piggeries in Uganda. This study was aimed at assessing the performance,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Does corporate reputation affect brand preference? Application to the soft drinks industry in Egypt

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

Researchers have acknowledged the importance of corporate reputation amongst different fields of study. Scolars addressing corporate reputation in the field of marketing have acknowledged corporate reputation has a positive effect on customer loyalty and satisfaction. However, there is limited research tackling brand preference and also these studies mainly tackled developed markets. The relationship between corporate reputation and brand preference... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Cybercafés operations and its incessant closure in Delta State, Nigeria

Journal of Internet and Information Systems

J. Internet Inf. Syst.

The general purpose of this study is to identify the reasons responsible for closure of cybercafés in Delta State, Nigeria. Questionnaire was designed in line with the objectives of the study and used to gather data for the research. The data gathered were analyzed and presented using charts. The study revealed that there was incessant closure of cybercafés in the two sites (Abraka and Asaba) used for the research; that out of the... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Biochemical basis of resistance in different varieties of maize for their relative susceptibility to Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

Study on the susceptibility of 20 maize varieties against Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) was carried out under No-choice test method. The susceptibility was assessed on the basis of moth emergence, developmental period, insect weight, weight of flour, grain weight loss, grain damage and nutritional indices. Besides, biochemical characters of the grains were analyzed. Results showed that Pratap makka-5 was the most resistant... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Constraints to the linkage between maize and livestock sub-systems in Ethiopian agriculture

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

The study was conducted with the objective of assessing constraints to the linkage between maize and livestock subsystems in the Ethiopian agriculture system or practices. The linkage between the maize and livestock subsystems towards an integrated maize-livestock production system has been constrained by several factors. These factors affect resource flows between the two subsystems. These included socio economic, biophysical and institutional... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

A study on arsenic and copper extraction capacity of Spirodela polyrhiza from water

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

Heavy metals such as arsenic (As), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), Hg, lead (Pb) and cobalt (Co) cause adverse effects on living organisms by their toxic nature. To remove heavy metals, a variety of conventional treatment technologies have been tested which are not economical and user friendly. So, natural remediation method such as phytoremediation is becoming more popular where plants are used. Phytoremediation is a cost effective and eco-friendly... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

The basaltic soils of Plateau State, Nigeria: Properties, classification and management practices

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Characterization of soils is helpful in the appraisal of soil productivity. The study investigated detailed physico-chemical characterize of the soils developed on basaltic parent materials on the Jos plateau, Nigeria. The aim was to assess appropriate management practice for their sustainability in agricultural production. Four profiles pits were dug and studied, soil samples collected from pedogenetic horizons were analysed for particle size... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella isolates from apparently healthy slaughtered goats at Dire Dawa municipal abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials

J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.

A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to April 2014 on 249 apparently healthy slaughtered goats at the municipal abattoir of Dire Dawa to estimate the prevalence Salmonella spp. and determine the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates. A total of 249 goat carcass swab samples were collected using a systematic random sampling technique and examined for the presence of Salmonella spp. Out of the total of 249 carcass swab... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Dimensions in rural water coverage and access in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

This study examined the levels of rural water access and coverage in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. In Akwa Ibom State, there are two statutory bodies involved in water supply: Akwa Ibom State Water Company Limited and Akwa Ibom State Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency. Apart from these two statutory bodies, the federal government, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Exxon Mobil, and other foreign bodies are involved in rural water supply.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Immunomodulatory effects of carbohydrates and advanced glycation end products

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Rev.

Carbohydrates which comprise of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides are heterogeneous complex structure in living systems and are found to bind to other organic molecules such as proteins and lipids. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are also heterogeneous group of molecules that accumulate in plasma and other body fluids and in cell and tissues. This review focuses on the impact of polysaccharides and AGEs on immune function. A... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Nutritional evaluation of cashew (Anacardium occidentale, l.) nut protein concentrate and isolate

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study evaluated the nutritional qualities of a protein concentrate and an isolate produced from cashew nut. The nutritional qualities were evaluated by determining amino-acid composition, in vitro digestibility and anti-nutritional factors (tannins, trypsin inhibitor activity-TIA and phytic acid content) in the protein concentrate and isolate using standard analytical methods. The amino-acid with the highest concentration in defatted cashew nut... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Improvement in cocoon yield induced by phytojuvenoid on the multivoltine mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori Linn.)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

Impact of phytojuvenoid on commercial parameters in Bombyx mori, a monophagous insect, was studied. The variation in the phytojuvenoid concentration significantly influenced the length of cocoon and the number of larval treatment did not cause significant influence on the length of cocoon of B. mori. The length of cocoon increased from 2.88 cm (control) to the maximum level of 3.65 cm in 30% phytojuvenoid concentration - triple treated larvae and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Carbon stock in Adaba-Dodola community forest of Danaba District, West-Arsi zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: An implication for climate change mitigation

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

Forests can capture and retain enormous amount of carbon over long period of time. Their role in carbon emission balance is also well documented. However, especially in developing country, wide spread deforestation and forest degradation is continuing unknowingly and deliberately. This study was conducted to estimate carbon stock in dry Afromontane forest type of Danaba community forest (CF) of Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. A systematic... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Considerations for additional tools in ecosystems management: Lessons from Zambia

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Formal institutional ecosystems management has been in existence since the creation of the Yellowstone National Park in the United States of America in 1872. Subsequently, many countries, including Zambia have evolved both legislative and policy frameworks for protecting various ecosystems. This move implied creating institutions to manage such areas accompanied by a statute to police the given area. Offenders are punished for breaking the law that... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Assessment of non-ionizing radiation from radio frequency energy emitters in the urban area of Natal City, Brazil

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

The massive increase of wireless communications in the world calls for responsible actions by governments in order to prevent possible health hazards. In addition to cellular towers overcrowding in urban areas, it is also important to consider other radio frequency radiations from different sources. The electric field intensity is one of the fundamental parameters to assess the exposure of human beings to Non-Ionizing Radiation (NIR). In this study,... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 2

Primer designing for PreS region of hepatitis B virus from the most conserved patches of hepatitis B virus genome

Journal of Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis

J. Bioinform. Seq. Anal.

The most conserved regions for 15 hepatitis B virus complete genome of different subtypes were aligned using PCGENE software CLUSTAL to design a new pair of primer that can bind to each subtype of hepatitis B virus (HBV), to amplify PreS region of HBV genome. A pair of primer from these conserved patches was selected using software PRIMER and named as Nhepf1 and Nhepr1. Nhepf1, forward primer bound 2362-2385 nucleotides and Nhepr1, reverse primer... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Recent astronomical tests of general relativity

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

This history of experimentation relevant to general relativity covers the time post-1928. Classes of investigation are the weak equivalence principle (equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass and gravitational redshift), orbital precession of a body in gravitational fields (the relativistic perihelion advance of the planets, the relativistic periastron advance of binary pulsars, geodetic precession and Lense-Thirring effect), light propagation... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 2

Development of new combined method based on reading of ovarian tracheoles and the observation of follicular dilatations for determining the physiological age of Anopheles gambiae s.s.

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology

J. Cell Anim. Biol.

The conventional dilaceration of ovaries is binding at the beginning of ovary development. However, reading ovarian tracheoles was very easy in stage I-II mean. The combination of both methods can really reduce the number of age indeterminations recorded with the two methods separately. The present study aimed to identify a method capable of determining physiological age of mosquitoes regardless of their ovarian development stage. In the present... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Population dynamics and damages of onion thrips (Thripstabaci) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on onion in Northeastern Ethiopia

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

This study was conducted in kewet district of Amhara region, Ethiopia. The experiment on seasonal thrips population dynamics and onion yield loss was conducted in 2003 and 2004. The treatments were five transplanting dates of two month interval with and without spray of insecticide in five replications. Thrips count per plant was low during the rainy and cool months of July to November and in April. Thrips population started increasing in December... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

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