Genetic diversity in Tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius) landraces grown in Botswana

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

A field experiment was conducted at Department of Agricultural Research in Sebele in the 2012 to 2013 season using nine accessions that were sourced from the National Plant Genetic Resource Centre (NPGRC), Gaborone, Botswana. Multivariate statistical procedures such as clusters and principal component analysis were used on 15 selected characters to assess agro-morphological variability among tepary bean landraces collected in Botswana. Few... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

An assessment of impact of neglect of history on political stability in African countries: The case of Cote d’Ivoire

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

African countries had been engulfed in political crises soon after they regained independence from their respective European colonial masters. Almost all the conflicts witnessed in post-independence Africa were blamed on the former colonial Powers. This article argued that rather than blaming the West for political instability, African political leaders should be blamed for neglecting the discipline of history that should have guided them to enact... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Canonization of Chinese literature in the English-speaking world: Construction, restrictions and measures

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Researches on the canonization of Chinese literature in the English-speaking world focus on the canonization of a very limited sum of works such as Waley’s translation of Chinese poems, English translation of Han Shan poems and Liao Zhai Zhi Yi, etc. Till now, there have been no macro-researches on the canonization of Chinese translated literature in the English-speaking world. This paper explores the construction, restrictions and measures of... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

A critical analysis of whether Zimbabwe can achieve economic development through its ‘Look East Policy’

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The aim of the paper is to critically analyse the potential of Zimbabwe’s foreign policy, specifically the Look East Policy at stimulating economic development and growth. This analysis is based solely on selected secondary material. In response to external and internal pressure, the government of Zimbabwe redesigned its foreign policy outlook with the aim of establishing relations with countries in the East like China as an alternative to the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Social determinants of health and inequity among people with disabilities: A Brazilian experience

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

This paper presents a discussion concerning the results of research conducted between 2011 and 2012 in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, in which the general objectives were to understand the socio-familial inclusion of people with disabilities and their daily living needs. The methodological approach was qualitative and the data collection techniques were open life history interviews. The research subjects were ten people with acquired... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The study compared the economic performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rain fed systems in Bassa and Makurdi Local Government Areas of Kogi and Benue States of Nigeria, with the aim of assessing the determinants of its profitability. Primary data obtained from a sample of 120 farmers by stratified and multi-staged random sampling from four villages were analyzed using percentages, means, gross margin, net profit,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Management of major diseases and insect pests of onion and garlic: A comprehensive review

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) are the most important commercial crops grown all over the world and consumed in various forms. In India, onion and garlic have been under cultivation for the last 5000 years. It is generally used as vegetables, spices or as medicines. India ranks second to China in area and production in both onion and garlic, but ranks 102nd for onion and 74th for garlic in terms of productivity. These crops... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Adoption of improved fisheries technologies by fish farmers in southern agricultural zone of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

A survey was conducted in the Southern Agricultural zone of Nasarawa State, north central Nigeria, to assess the intensity of adoption of improved fisheries technologies among fish farmers. A sample of 100 fish farms out of the 202 existing farms identified during the survey was randomly selected for the study. A structured interview schedule was administered to the managers of the selected fish farms to elicit information. Both descriptive and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Formula for mid-age of incidence from age-specific prevalence of chronic disease and its application

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  This study was aimed to devise a theoretical formula for the mid-age of incidence (MAI) from the prevalence of age groups and to confirm its application. The formula was devised using the concept of lost years of health and then simulated. In the inhabitants’ survey, MAI was calculated from the prevalence of liver disease in the areas, and the main cause of disease was analyzed between those areas where MAI was lower than 2.5% of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Institutional factors as predictors of students’ academic achievement in colleges of education in South western Nigeria

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

The enhancement of the academic achievement of the Nigerian students has continued to engage the attention of educational practitioners and policy makers.  This paper investigated institutional factors as predictors of students’ academic performance in Colleges of Education in South-Western Nigeria.  The study employed the ex post facto design using a survey design and a multiple regression model.  The samples used for the study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Politics of religion in partition novels: Rahi Masoom Reza’s Adha Gaon and Khushwant Singh’s Train to Pakistan

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

People have moved many a times from one place to another. Ideally such movements should be voluntary but it is not always so. There are several instances, in the history of mankind, of mass migrations to escape perceived prosecutions on the name of racial/ ethnic cleansing, political strategies etc. A few of these experiences, especially of the modern times, are well-documented and attracted people with the human sensitivity belonging to the... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 8

Identity, political efficacy and expected political participation among nursing students after 25th January revolution

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

University students' political participation is of great significance to their own growth and it facilitates a country's democratization process. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of personal and social identity, political efficacy and expected political participation among nursing students after 25th January 2011 Revolution of Egypt. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University.  A... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Elaborated and restricted codes of pluralism - Entangled manifestations in natural resource-dependent African countries

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Africa's re-democratization project set in motion more than two decades ago has produced varying outcomes. Factors such as political character of the state, cognitive resources and intervention strategies of core elites, commitment to democratic stewardship, social cohesion, diversity of resilience-resources, tolerance may combine to produce hybrid outcomes. This piece explores the state of democracy and appropriate governance in natural... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

A shift from peasant to intellectual-led political opposition in Tigray during the imperial regime (up to 1974)

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This paper examines how the educated people of Tigray took over the illiterate ones to fight against the imperial government. Local songs, poems and sayings used against Emperor Haileslasie are discussed. Following the liberation of Ethiopia from the Italian occupation in 1941, Emperor Haileslasie introduced a number of reforms, many of which were rejected by the people of Ethiopia. The imperial government used different measures including force to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The impact of Plan Ghana’s microfinance scheme on poverty reduction among women in Lower Manya Krobo

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The main purpose of the study was to assess the impact of Plan Ghana’s Microfinance Scheme on the livelihoods of female beneficiaries in the Lower Manya Krobo Municipality of the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was adopted and 180 sample size was used. The study showed that the scheme had improved beneficiaries’ lives tremendously in areas of health, child education, personal development, and business sustainability.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Origin and development of ‘Directing’ in juju music performance

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Juju music as a unique Nigerian popular genre has so many African phenomena inculcated into its performance though it has some western touches in its scale and some other features. Hence this paper examined one of the African phenomena – directing, in the performance of juju music. This write up was based on the conducted research and in order to present a genuine report, live performances and the recordings of juju exponents such as King... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 3

Strengthening information technology in Pakistani libraries

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

Advances in computer technology combined with communication technologies have exerted unprecedented pressures for change on libraries. This study investigated the measures to be taken for strengthening information technology in Pakistani libraries. The critical issue identified provides closer insight into the issues affecting overall implementation of IT. This study found out that condition of IT implementation in Pakistani libraries is very... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Value creation: A catalyst to job satisfaction of vocational educators in tertiary institutions in selected states of Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study assessed the influence of value creation on job satisfaction of vocational educators in tertiary institutions in Edo and Delta States. One research question was raised and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design. A sample of 189 (one hundred and eighty nine) vocational educators was used for the study. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Why ‘Ritiya’ could not go to sell vegetables: Myth vs reality in terms of caste, culture and livelihood

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This qualitative study focuses on the challenges faced by the upper caste Brahmin women in rural areas of the district of Katihar, Bihar, India; by keeping a contrast on their education, cultural values, choosing the means of livelihood in the milieu of ‘newly transformed rural areas’ in Bihar. With a drastically decreasing educational quality in terms of skill and morality, the message of Education translated as knowing the rights to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Determination of the effects of some artificial sweeteners on human peripheral lymphocytes using the comet assay

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

In this study, the genotoxicity of the artificial sweeteners acesulfame potassium, aspartame, saccharin, and sorbitol, which are used in food industry and by patients with diabetes, was investigated in human peripheral lymphocyte cells using the single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet) technique. Human lymphocyte cells were treated with the substances for three hour at each of the three dosages (1.25, 2.5, and 5 ppm). The chemical additives were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Abomasal nematodes of small ruminants slaughtered in Bahir Dar Town, North West Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

This study was conducted during November, 2013 to March, 2014 to identify the species and to determine the burden of abomasal nematodes of small ruminants slaughtered in Bahir Dar town. A total of 384 abomasa (269 sheep and 115 goats) were collected and examined according to the standard procedures. An overall prevalence of 55.7% was recorded for abomasal nematodes of sheep and goats. The host specific prevalence of abomasal nematodes was 60.2 and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Environmental and rural livelihoods implications of small-scale gold mining in Talensi-Nabdam Districts in Northern Ghana

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Small-scale mining (SSM) continues to pose complex environmental, health and livelihood problems among rural folks in mining communities. One of the most subtle impacts of SSM activity on the environment is its implications on rural livelihoods. However, most studies regarding SSM activity and the environment sideline their implications on rural livelihoods of residents mining communities and how the affected communities cope with such effects. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Millenium development goals and combating agricultural child labour in Nigeria

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

A simmering crisis in the Nigerian agriculture today involves labour and the crisis manifests itself in the degree of labour availability, labour demand and labour productivity. One of the major products of this crisis is the increased participation of children in paid, non-familiar agricultural jobs. They are frequently employed as farm labourers, bird scarers, food crop harvesters, processors and hawkers. More than 132 million children work in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Hard Ticks of Camel in Southern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

This cross-sectional study was carried out in Raya Azebo district with the objective of determining the prevalence and species diversity of hard ticks encountered in camels. During the study period, a total of 384 camels were examined and 96.6% of them were found infested with ticks. A total of 15,723 ticks were collected from half body regions of infected camels during the study period. The average tick burden from half body region of camels was... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Effectiveness of chlorhexidine and sodium hypochlorite to reduce Enterococcus faecalis biofilm biomass

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Bacteria present in biofilm show an increased resistance to antimicrobial activity of endodontic irrigants, and the persistence of these microorganisms after chemomechanical preparation may lead to endodontic treatment failure. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and chlorhexidine (CHX) to reduce E. faecalis biofilm biomass. Biofilms built by Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 in polystyrene... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Real-time operating system (RTOS) with application to play models

International Journal of Computer Engineering Research

Int. J. Comput. Eng. Res.

It is very important to improve the design of the real-time operating system (RTOS) especially if we want to use it in some special devices. Numerous researches have accepted conventional RTOS as being the customary approach for designing devices used by children. This is because these are able to facilitate the implementation different criteria such as clustering, stability and alternate programs. In this paper, numerous publications have been... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

Development of simple correlations to evaluate the petroleum potential of Quseir - Safaga oil shale, Egypt

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering

J. Petroleum Gas Eng.

The specific gravity of oil shale can be used as a practical tool for estimating total organic carbon (TOC) and the oil yield of shales from a given source. Sixteen random oil shale samples, mostly from the Upper Cretaceous Duwi Formation in Quseir - Safaga district in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, were collected. Experiments were conducted to determine the density, TOC and oil yield of such samples. The study has developed empirical correlations... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Distribution and regeneration status of Vitex payos (Lour.) Merr. in Kenyan drylands

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

We investigated the population structure and regeneration status of Vitex payos (Lour.) Merr. in Kenyan drylands. The study quantified the spatial distribution pattern of V. payos tree populations in their natural range; and assessed their regeneration status to determine the stability of the populations Woodlands and farm inventories were conducted in Mbeere, Mwingi and Kitui districts of the Eastern Province of Kenya. The nearest-neighbour... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Somatic embryogenesis in two Nigerian cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

The embryogenic ability of two cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444) was investigated by culturing their young leaf lobes on an induction medium (DKW2 50P). The explants formed organized embryogenic structures regardless of the concentration of picloram in the medium. Organized embryogenic structures induction was enhanced by increasing the concentration of picloram in the induction medium for both cultivars. The optimum level of picloram at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The relationship between anxiety and attitude of students learning Turkish as a foreign language and their achievement on target language

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The purpose of this study is to assess the anxiety connected with target language of the high school students learning Turkish as a foreign language. In this study, descriptive relational screening model was used. Two scales were used for collecting data. First scale was FLCAS - Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale; it was developed by Horwitz et al. and its validity and reliability was done by Horwitz. Alpha reliability coefficient of this... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 20

Determination of some mineral and heavy metals in Saudi Arabia popular herbal drugs using modern techniques

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  The contents of 22 essential mineral elements and trace, heavy and toxic metals in 14 herbal drugs collected from the local markets of the western province of Saudi Arabia have been determined. All investigated elements were detected using inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) after pretreatment of the tested samples with microwave digestion system. The levels of the most dangerous heavy metals Cd and Pb... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 39

Plasmid profile of multi antibiotic resistant staphylococcus aureus isolated from diabetic wounds from patients at Nsukka, South-eastern, Nigeria

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Multi-drug resistant bacterial strains evolving worldwide has created a great public health problem that needs urgent attention; as such bacteria show resistance to the drug of choice for treatment as well as being resistant to newer and last line antibiotics. In this study, the antibiotic susceptibility, multi antibiotic resistance (MAR) index and plasmid profile of MDR Staphylococcus aureus isolated from diabetic wounds of patients presenting at... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 43

Intermittent leaching of copper from copper based fungicide through a saturated soil profile

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Copper is a micronutrient required for plant growth. However, it can have negative effect on plant growth if the concentration is too high. The aim of this study was to examine copper concentrations of leachate from soil columns treated with copper based fungicide. A 2 × 4 factorial arrangements consisting of two soil types (0 to 60 cm sample depth) and four rates of copper based fungicide concentrations (0, 1.88, 3.75 and 7.50 g/L ) was used... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Comparative performance evaluation of different mechanical equipment for weed control in sugarcane crop in Northern-Western Tarai Region of Uttarakhand

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Manual weeding/ interculture in sugarcane is a common method adopted by the farmers, in Tarai region of Uttarakhand, for weed control. However, due to non- availability of labour especially during peak season, the weeding/interculture operation is jeopardized. Also the labour demand in sugarcane weeding is very high compared to other cereal crops making this operation expensive. This study includes comparative performance evaluation of three... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 43

Influence of post-fire successional gradients in Pinus brutia forests on ground beetle community changes

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Fire is a common disturbance factor in Mediterranean ecosystems. It is a very spectacular ecological force because it destroys ecosystems in a very short time. Insect groups are commonly used as indicators to evaluate habitat changes after disturbances. In this study, the successional changes were evaluated by the composition of ground beetles communities in East Mediterranean pine forests. Ground beetle fauna was investigated using pit-fall traps... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Effects of Salicornia herbacea L. supplementation on lipid peroxidation and antioxidative protein expression in rat skeletal muscle

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Effects of Salicornia herbacea L. supplementation on lipid peroxidation and antioxidative protein expression in the skeletal muscle of rats was investigated in this study. Sixteen 6-week-old Sprague Dawley male rats were randomly divided into a control diet group (CG, n = 8) and an experimental diet group (EG, n = 8). The rats were given a high-fat diet (CG) or the 5% S. herbacea L. supplemented high-fat diet (EG) for 8 weeks. The results showed... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 38

Evaluation of yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) extracts as a potential antioxidant source in emulsion-type sausage during refrigerated storage

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) is a plant that grows in the Andean highlands of South America. Recent studies have shown that yacon is effective in improving antioxidant activity. In this study, the effects of different forms of yacon extracts (20% yacon water extract, 20% yacon juice, and 20% yacon extract) on the lipid oxidation and color of emulsion-type sausage were evaluated. Significant decrease in pH and residual nitrite (RN) values were... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 42

Effects of fertilizers and soil amendments on the incidence of Sclerotinia stem rot in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.)] is a major oilseed crop, grown in rabi season in India. Sclerotinia stem rot, stem blight or white rot disease caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary is a serious problem in mustard crop in Northern India. The present investigations were undertaken to understand the role of fertilizers and organic amendments on disease development in mustard crop under field conditions. In experiment 1, the effect of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 42

Can training and career development be considered best practices using the universal and contingency approaches?

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

  Because human resource management is a challenge for mostorganizations, many companies seek practices that will enable them to compete with other companies. In our work, we examine the study of training and career development and their consideration as high-performance practices by considering the universal and contingency approaches for a sample of 560 companies. If practitioners know the effects of these practices, they can apply it in... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 19

Optimization of furrow irrigation systems with continuous flow using the software applied to surface irrigation simulations - SASI

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Surface irrigation systems still remain the most used irrigation system worldwide mainly due to its energy savings capacity and ease of operation. However, they show low performance level as a consequence to the general design and inadequate management. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a tool capable of optimizing the performance level of furrow irrigation systems with the continuous flow from successive simulations of the advance... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 42

Management of tef shoot fly, Atherigona hyalinipennis (Reg.) (Diptera: Muscidae) on tef at Ambo, West Showa of Ethiopia

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter: Poaceae] is one of the major cereal crop and stable food crop of Ethiopia where it originated and diversified. Tef shoot fly (Atherigona hyalinipennis) is a serious pest of tef grown on black clay soils. Therefore, the present study was taken to assess the status of tef shoot fly on both row planted and broadcasted tef at small-scale farm. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Field trip to Kazdagi National Park: Views of prospective Biology teachers

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The purpose of the study was to investigate the views of the prospective biology teachers about the field trip to Kazdagi National Park. Participants were 12 prospective Biology teachers studying in Necatibey Faculty of Education in Balıkesir University, Turkey. A semi-structured interview form was used as a data collection instrument. Data were analyzed by descriptive and content analyses techniques. The study results revealed that the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Creating animal welfare assessment method for backyard goat production in the Philippines using stockmanship competence as proxy indicator

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Measuring animal welfare is a newly emerging area of research and it needs a multi-disciplinary approach do it. Due to the diversity of what constitute the definition of animal welfare, different methods and models were developed, and mostly were implemented in semi-intensive and commercial farms in developed countries. There are hardly any studies of animal welfare assessment conducted in developing countries and in backyard livestock operations.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Projections of pharmacokinetic parameter estimates from mid-dose plasma concentrations in individuals on efavirenz: A novel approach

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  This work seeks to project individual pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter estimates of efavirenz (a drug with a long half life) from mid-dose concentrations and covariates, assuming full mass transfer of the drug. Gender, weight and CYP2B6, 516G>T genetic data of 61 patients on efavirenz containing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was collated and analysed. Models were derived to guide dose adjustment in patients predicted to... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Effect of UV-C irradiation on antioxidant activities, total phenolic and flavonoid contents and quantitative determination of bioactive components of Moringa oleifera Lam. shoot culture

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Effect of UV-C irradiation on the antioxidant activities of shoot cultures of Moringa oleifeira Lam. was investigated. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents and the antioxidant bioactive components were determined. The shoots of M. oleifeira were cultured for 6 weeks on Murashige and Skoog (MS) mediums containing 0.5 mg/L 6- benzyladenine (BA) for multiple shoot formation. Multiple shoots were treated with UV-C irradiation for 0 min (for the control... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 41

Evaluation of Streptomyces as probiotics against vibriosis and health management of prawn larvae Macrobrachium rosenbergii

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Nearly forty-five isolates of Streptomyces were found to be associated with 16 different seaweeds. Of these, only six strains that antagonized Vibrio vulnificus were selected to study the probiotic efficiency.  Six strains were characterized based on the phenotypic characteristics.  The toxicity of different Vibrio species (V. harveyji, V. parahemolyticus, V. alginolyticus, V. vulnificus) towards prawn larvae were studied, among them,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 41

Sources of resistance in mungbean genotypes to Cercospora leaf spot disease and its management

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Sixty-five mungbean genotypes were screened for resistance against Cercospora leaf spot under disease epiphytotic condition. The disease symptoms initiated on the lower side of the old leaves of susceptible genotypes and progressively spread all over the plant. Considerable variations among the genotypes were observed with respect to disease reactions. Among the sixty-five genotypes, one genotype LGG-460 was found highly resistant while GM-02-08,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 41

A study of some systems of nonlinear partial differential equations by using Adomian and modified decomposition methods

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research

Afr. J. Math. Comput. Sci. Res.

In this paper, we introduce the solution of systems of nonlinear partial differential equations subject to the general initial conditions by using Adomian decomposition method (ADM) and Modified decomposition method (MDM). The proposed Adomian and Modified decomposition methods was applied to reformulated first and second order initial value problems, which leads the solution in terms of transformed variables, and the series solution will be... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Influence of plant age on the content and composition of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf.

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

An experiment was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil to evaluate the influence of plant age (3, 6, 9 and 12 months) on the content and chemical composition of essential oils from lemon grass, using a completely randomized design with three replications. The plants were harvested between 7:00 and 8:30 a.m, and harvesting cut made at 20 cm height from the base of the leaf. The collected material was immediately taken to the laboratory where the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Testing market integration and convergence to the law of one price in Indian onions

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Spiraling prices of onions in India undermine the sustainability of current economic growth process and raised the question of price integration among the spatially separated markets. Co-integration test has been used to identify whether onion markets in India share a common linear deterministic trend and the law of one price holds true in view of rising prices in the recent past. The study sourced the wholesale daily prices of major onion markets... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 40

Combining ability and heterosis for different agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress in the Sudan Savanna of Borno State, Nigeria

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Combining ability variances were estimated for grain yield and its related traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Nine maize varieties consisted of five IITA open pollinated varieties (OPVs) and four local varieties were crossed in line x tester mating design. During the 2007 cropping season to determine the general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) effects and heterosis. Parents and hybrids were evaluated in Damboa during the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Cassava production seems to be economically viable but there seems to exist no empirical documented evidence to this effect in Ika North East L.G.A of Delta State, Nigeria. In view of this, the study analyzed the economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State. A multistage random sampling was used to select a total of 120 respondents used for the study. Data used for the study was from... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Determinants of adoption of upland rice varieties in Fogera district, South Gondar, Ethiopia

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

The study was conducted in Fogera district, South Gondar zone, Amhara National Regional State (ANRS). Three Peasant Associations (PAs) among the fifteen PAs of upland growers of the district were selected purposively and a total of adopters and non-adopters of 120 selected households were interviewed to generate primary data. Descriptive statistics were used for analyzing quantitative data. Econometric model (binary logit) was employed to determine... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Efficacy of phytoremediation potential of aquatic macrophytes for its applicability in treatment wetlands: A review of developments and research

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

Improving water quality through aquatic macrophytes has made them an essential component in constructed wetland systems (CWS). Experiments worldwide revealed that they do have a role to play in the treatment, but by and large it varied from region to region and species to species. CWS are proven to be an effective, low cost and sustainable alternative to the conventional methods of water treatment. This review included the study of 34 different... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Pharmacognostic evaluation and antisickling activity of the leaves of Securinega virosa Roxb. ex Willd. (Euphorbiaceae)

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Securinega virosa (Euphorbiaceae) together with condiments from natural sources serve as antisickling remedies in Nigeria. This study was aimed at establishing the pharmacognostic profile as well as the antisickling activity of the leaves of S. virosa Roxb. ex Willd (Euphorbiaceae). Evaluation of the fresh, powdered and anatomical sections of the leaves were carried out to determine the macromorphological, micromorphological and chemomicroscopic... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 40

Evaluation of antimicrobial activity against bacterial leaf blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryze pv. oryzae and antioxidant activities of Streptomyces sp. TC1

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

A Streptomyces sp. TC1 isolate was screened for antimicrobial activity against bacterial leaf blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae under in vitro condition. The crude extracts obtained from the culture filtrate by solvent extraction using ethyl acetate were possessed with moderate antimicrobial activity tested in agar well diffusion method. The crude extract is also analyzed for antioxidant activities by six different in vitro assays and... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 40

Decreased level of serum paraoxonase (PON) activity in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Serum Paraoxonase (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein associated esterase capable of hydrolyzing numerous organophosphates and protects low-density lipoprotein against peroxidation. PON1 is believed to play a crucial role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in animals and PON1 activity has been shown to be low after myocardial infarction, liver disease and during oxidative stress. Here in this article we demonstrated that PON1 level is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

An evaluation of an English as Second Language (ESL) Pakistani college textbook: Meeting the needs of the Pakistani students

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  This study investigated how textbooks influence learning experiences and aims to highlight the pedagogical implications of the incorporation of materials as the backbone of language-teaching programme.  It analysed and evaluated a prescribed textbook (“Prose and Heroes” – a Compulsory English course book for intermediate classes in Pakistan), and explored the degree it benefited and challenged both the learners and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Women aspiring to administrative positions in Kenya municipal primary schools

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

  Even though female teachers in Kenya municipal primary schools are majority and highly qualified, they fill fewer administrative positions than men. This study assesses the extent of women's participation in leadership positions, society's perception of female leaders, selection criteria of educational administrators, and barriers that affect or hinder them from participation in leadership positions. Findings of this study reveal... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Whole-body vibration and benefits for people with osteoarthritis: A systematic review

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

  Whole body vibration (WBV) can be an important tool to treat patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to systematically review published research concerning the use of WBV in people with OA. In PubMed and Scopus, the number of publications (NP) is respectively to the keywords arthrosis, 289,586 and 10,569, osteoarthrosis, 299,158 and 3,952, arthritis, 251,453 and 236,849 and osteoarthritis, 56,323 and 80,008.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

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