Status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan District, Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  Unless evidence based decisions are made based on local contexts, the low prevalence level of contraceptive use and the corresponding higher total fertility rate will make Ethiopia to remain the most populous country in Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan district, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among married women of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Enrichment and strengthening of Indian biotechnolgy industry along with academic interface

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

For many years, humankind has been incorporating biosciences in different places- from agriculture to food and medicine. Today, the nomenclature of biology has been recoined as Biotechnology, a technological science with a perfect blend of sophisticated techniques, manuals and application of fast delivery equipment and vehicles. It encompasses chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, bioinformatics (computer aided biotechnological science),... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The exuberance of immigration: The immigrant woman in Bharati Mukherjee’s

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  South Asian women and in this context Indian women have always suffered subjugation and rejection in a chauvinistic society restricting them to a life of domesticity. However, by migrating to a foreign country as spouses and participating in the labour market to get education and to live for their children, women migrants experienced social and emotional emancipation and financial independence for the first time. This paper aims to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 8

Identity, political efficacy and expected political participation among nursing students after 25th January revolution

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

University students' political participation is of great significance to their own growth and it facilitates a country's democratization process. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of personal and social identity, political efficacy and expected political participation among nursing students after 25th January 2011 Revolution of Egypt. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University.  A... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Lessons of 1969’S US Selective Service Amendment Act: Explaining US babyboomers’ civil war

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Studies of opinion cleavages among Americans born 1946 to 1964 are informed via Erikson and Stoller’s 2011 analysis of the impact of the December 1, 1969 Vietnam War draft lottery (which prioritized men vulnerable to 1970 callup). The scope of discussion therein and herein includes asessments of political socialization research from 1965, 1973, 1982 and 1997. Enabled there was the interpretive method, herein, of laying unfavorably numbered,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

Contributions of Ilorin scholars to Arabic and Islamic studies in Yoruba land: Focus on Shaykh Adam Abdullah Al-Iluri

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Ilorin, the haven of Arabic and Islamic scholars, is multi-lingual and multi-ethnic community popularly known to some people as “GerinAlimi” (the town of Alimi) and to many others as “Ilorin Afonja” (Ilorin of Afonja); it has contributed and still contributing in no small measure to development of Arabic and Islamic studies not only in Yorubaland but also in Nigeria and beyond. As one of the Arabic and Islamic Centres in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Combining ability and heterosis for different agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress in the Sudan Savanna of Borno State, Nigeria

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Combining ability variances were estimated for grain yield and its related traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Nine maize varieties consisted of five IITA open pollinated varieties (OPVs) and four local varieties were crossed in line x tester mating design. During the 2007 cropping season to determine the general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) effects and heterosis. Parents and hybrids were evaluated in Damboa during the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

A cross-sectional sero-survey of some infectious diseases of working equids in Central Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Despite the large numbers of working equids and their significant contribution towards communities as well as the national economy, the attention given to study the health and welfare problems of working equids in Ethiopia is quite minimal. The main objective of this study was to investigate the sero-prevalence of some important infectious diseases infecting working equids and asses their spatial distribution in the different agro-ecological zones... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Teachers’ emotional intelligence and sense of self-efficacy beliefs: A study on public second cycle primary school English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers in Bahir Dar Town, Ethiopia

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  The purpose of this study was to examine public second cycle primary school English as Foreign Language   (EFL) teachers’ level of emotional intelligence (EI) and self-efficacy beliefs and the relationship between the two constructs. Forty-   three randomly selected EFL teachers were taken as a sample of the study. To generate data and answer the research questions, the researcher adapted two questionnaires... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Orientation impact on performance of undergraduate students in University of Cape Coast (Ghana)

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

  Orientation is widely conceived to encompass activities that support the transition into educational institutions. The University of Cape Coast, Ghana places a premium on orientation for fresh year students and yet the impact of such programmes on students’ performance remains a difficult thing to determine. This study, therefore, focuses on finding out the impact of orientation on the academic performance of students. The study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Reasons for admission and mortalities following admissions in the intensive care unit of a specialized hospital, in Ethiopia

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Many studies have been conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU). But little is known about the outcomes of ICU admissions. This is particularly the case in the ICU of developing countries. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess reasons and outcomes of admissions in the ICU of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). A longitudinal study was conducted in the ICU of JUSH from February 7 to April 15, 2011. All patients admitted to the ICU... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

State-economy relations and survival of democratic governance in transiting societies: Lessons from South Korea

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

  Rational men support institutions that best guarantee the attainment of their socioeconomic aspirations. Of all known political rationalizations, democracy, it is that best prides such. However, in certain climes, there are inhibitive factors defiling the success of democracy, much of which is located within the state-economy relations. With a state-economy relations and democratic governance model, this paper comparatively, examined the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

The effect of communicative grammar on journalism students’ writing skills

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

  Language skills are taught at all levels with varying degrees of attention. The teaching of grammar is, however, contested although one can hardly find an English lesson without grammar at all. However, the efforts to explain grammar in English as a foreign language classes is an arguable issue on whether a writing class involving grammar lessons that pertain to the kind of text students want to produce is worth practicing. In this study,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Public administration reform in Eritrea: Past trends and emerging challenges

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Public administration has always been the tool available to African governments for the implementation of developmental goals and objectives. It is seen as being crucial to the growth and development of African economies. To this end efforts have been made in many African countries to increase efficiency through decentralization, restructuring and privatization. This study presents Eritrea’s public administration reform experience, and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

When the music moves you: Revisiting the classics in the company of neuroscience

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

  When the music moves you, you dance. The bodily movement that develops in response to music is what is here considered “dance.” Philosophers have long understood music as possessing the power to move us. This paper employs Heinrich Wolfflin’s theory of “sympathetic modeling”—a theory recently validated by neuroscientists’ discovery of mirror neurons in humans—and Antonio Damasio’s... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 2

Effect of processing on the quality of flour, abacha slices and its flour derived from cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) TMS 97/4779

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of processing methods on the quality of abacha slices. Abacha slices were produced from cassava (TMS 97/4779) roots by four different methods. The abacha processing methods investigated were of different peeling, boiling, slicing and soaking methods. Also, raw cassava flour, which was peeled, sliced and dried (PSD) was produced. The sensory properties and yield of abacha, the chemical and physical... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Identification and quantification of heavy metals in local drinks in Northern Zone of Nigeria

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

  Nine heavy metals were studied in locally prepared drinks, namely, “Zobo” and “Kunnu Zaki”. The samples were prepared from the outer covering (calyx) of the fruits of roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa and cereals (millet or guinea corn), respectively. Twenty samples of “Zobo” coded Zb1-Zb20 and twenty samples of “Kunnu Zaki” coded Kz1-Kz20 were bought from different parts of Samaru-Zaria, Nigeria.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Relationship of individual and work related factors with obstructive type lung function disorder of underground coal miners: A spirometry study

Journal of Geology and Mining Research

J. Geol. Min. Res.

In this study, an attempt is made to correlate the presence or absence of FEV1 < 80% predicted as measured by spirometry, with a number of individual and work related factors. This is a cross-sectional study involving 341 workers of an underground coal mine situated in the southern part of India. The data used in this investigation were collected from the Periodical Medical Examination (PME) center of the case study mine and through a... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Survival of enteric bacteria in source-separated human urine used as fertiliser: Effects of temperature and ammonia

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

To promote the use of eco-toilets is an alternative to the lack of sanitation and high cost of artificial fertilisers in developing countries. Human urine is the fraction of excreta containing most nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium which are essential nutrients for plant growth. The major concern related to the use of the urine as fertiliser is the possible presence of enteric pathogens. The reduction in the numbers of Escherichia coli,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Cultural values influence on learning style preferences: A case of Leribe Senior Secondary School, Lesotho

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This study was conducted with senior secondary schools Form Four learners doing science in the Leribe District of Lesotho. It sets out to probe the possibility of the influence of cultural values on students’ learning style preferences and their possible differences by gender. Filled questionnaires were collected from the eleven schools from which the study was conducted. Also, focus group discussions, with equal representation of both... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Safety evaluation for multispecies probiotics in a 28-day feeding study in Sprague-Dawley rats

African Journal of Biochemistry Research

Afr. J. Biochem. Res.

This experiment evaluated the 28-day feeding study in rats after they were continuously fed with multi-species probiotics dosages in the low-dosage, medium-dosage, and high-dosage groups: 2,000 mg/kg body weight (B.W.), 4,000 mg/kg B.W., and 6,000 mg/kg B.W., respectively, for 28 days as a reference for the safety of its repeated usage. Each group consisted of 10 male and 10 female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and the test substance was administered for... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

The market impact of mergers and acquisitions on acquiring firms in the U.S.

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Previous studies have examined acquiring firms undergoing mergers and acquisitions along with the impact that these events have on firm security prices.  These studies have had mixed results. Some indicate negative impact on stock prices while others conclude that there is a positive effect. This study extends these previous studies by increasing both the number of firms sampled and the years evaluated. The first finding indicates that when... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Relationships between teachers’ creativity fostering behaviors and their self-efficacy beliefs

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

This study aims to examine primary and secondary school teachers’ creativity fostering behaviors and self-efficacy beliefs according to gender and subject matters taught by teachers and to investigate the relationships between teachers’ creativity fostering behaviors and their self-efficacy beliefs. The study was conducted with the participation of 120 teachers employed in primary and secondary schools in Ortaca District of Mugla... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 18

Significance of vinasses waste management in agriculture and environmental quality- Review

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Vinasse is a waste material from distillery industries which has lot of organic and inorganic loads. It is utilized in agriculture  for  cheap  nutrients  source,  ameliorating  agents  and  animal  feed  beyond  the limitation of high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD; 46100 to 96000 mgL-1), chemical oxygen demand (COD; 104000 to 134400 mgL-1) and total dissolved salts (30.5 to 45.2 dSm-1) content... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 38

Results of treatment of tibial plafond fractures with articulated external fixation

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

The aim of this study is to assessor the tibial pilon fractures treated primarily with results of the articulated external fixation. The study included 24 patients (18 male, 6 female) with mean age of 26 ± 4.2 (range 18-51). According to the classification of AO/OTA, 6 cases were diagnosed as Type A, 4 cases as Type B and 14 cases as type C. Also, according to the Gustilo and Anderson method four of the cases were classified as grade I, two... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 17

Evaluation of treatment of suspected meningitis according to guidelines in a hospital in the United Kingdom

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  Acute meningitis is a potentially life-threatening neurological emergency which requires rapid diagnosis and early administration of appropriate empirical therapy. The compliance regarding empirical treatment of acute meningitis to the Barts and the London Trust (BLT) guidelines was assessed along with the use of corticosteroids. A retrospective audit for the time period of 1st January, 2008 to 21st May, 2009 was carried out in order to... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 34

Maple (Computer Algebra System) in teaching Pre-Calculus: Example of Absolute Value Function

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

  Modules in Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) make Mathematics interesting and easy to understand. The present study focused on the implementation of the algebraic, tabular (numerical), and graphical approaches used for the construction of the concept of absolute value function in teaching mathematical content knowledge along with Maple 9. The study group consisted of pre-service teachers attending Department of Primary Education Mathematics... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 17

Role of folic acid in chlorpyrifos induced teratogenicity in mice

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Folic acid is known to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects, in animal experiments however, it has not been effective in reducing the congenital anomalies caused by antiepileptics and many other chemicals. Pesticides of organophosphate group such as chlorpyrifos are widely used in agriculture and household, and are shown to be teratogenic in animal studies. This study was designed to explore the effect of folic acid on chlorpyrifos induced... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 37

Medicinal plants from Saudi Arabia and Indonesia: In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation on Vero and HEp-2 cells

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

Many types of naturally growing plants are used traditionally for the treatment of different types of cancers and infectious diseases. In this report, the cytotoxic activity of 30 medicinal plants, commonly used in folk medicine in Saudi Arabia and Indonesia, was evaluated in vitro using Vero and HEp-2 cell lines. Plants were randomly chosen and harvested from different districts of both countries based on ethnobotanical information and subsequently... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 34

Certification rules for the fruit agri-business

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Orcharding is an activity with a high multiplier effect on income and it represents one of the main alternatives for the generation of employment in the development of agribusiness in Brazil. Certification aims to raise the standards of quality, adding value to the product and may contribute to competitiveness in the fruit industry as it is an important requirement for entry the international market. This paper conducts a systematic review of the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 37

Physicochemical characterization and in vitro evaluation of the photoprotective activity of the oil from Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. seeds

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. is a cactus widely cultivated in northeastern Brazil due to its enormous growth potential and multiple uses. This study aimed to perform physicochemical characterization and in vitro evaluation of the photoprotective potential in the region of ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation of the oil from O. ficus-indica (L.) Mill. seeds. For physicochemical characterization of the oil, the following techniques were used: thermal... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 33

Statistical optimization of rapid production of cellulases from Aspergillus niger MA1 and its application in bioethanol production from rice hulls

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The aim of this study was the utilization of rice hulls (RH) as a clean, cost effective, renewable and abundant agro-waste in bioethanol production by simple and applicable methods; for this purpose Aspergillus niger MA1 was isolated from RH and selected from many other isolates. This isolate produced 15.0, 3.38 and 49.1 U/g RH for CMCase, FPase and β-glucosidase, respectively, by solid state fermentation of RH after 36 h. The cellulases of the... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 36

Allelopathic effect of popular medicinal plants on Fagopyrum esculentum (Moench), Papaver somniferum (L.) and Brassica napus var. oleifera (L.)

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

Glasshouse experiments were carried out to assess the effect of popular medicinal herbs dry matter on germination and early growth of common buckwheat (Fagpopyrum esculentum), opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) and two cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera). Depending on species of the herb, leaves, inflorescences, fruits and whole plants were used. The greatest stimulatory effect on seedling emergence of common buckwheat was... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 33

Comparative analysis of rice milling strategies: Evidence from rice millers in Benin

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Milling and related activities are central to the improvement of the quality of locally produced rice in many African countries. Fee-based milling and paddy buying-milling-selling services are among the strategies used in the milling business. The Heckman two-stage model and gross profit method were used on survey data, collected in 2011 on rice millers in major rice-producing regions of Benin to identify the factors that influence millers’... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 36

Genetic diversity studies for quantitative traits of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) genotypes in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The objective of the study was to estimate genetic diversity among tomato genotypes. Thirty-six genotypes introduced from different countries were evaluated at Humera Agricultural Research Center, Northern Ethiopia, during 2010/2011 in 6 × 6 simple lattice design with two replications. Cluster analysis was made by average linkage method. Mahalanobis distance (D2) was used to estimate the genetic distance between pair of clusters. Estimates of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

A Focus Group approach to exploration of the dynamics of farmers’ groups in Trinidad, West Indies

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

As part of its agricultural development strategy, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago plans to promote the development of Producer Organizations. Historically, the sustainability of farmers’ groups in Trinidad has been poor, with several unsuccessful interventions. This study seeks to do a preliminary exploration of some of the issues which could impact group sustainability, as perceived by the two main stakeholders - farmers and extension... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Financial profitability and technical efficiency of horticultural crops in the Nakanbé River Watershed in Burkina Faso

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

In the watershed of the Nakanbé River in Burkina Faso, horticultural crops are financially profitable with high gross incomes, cost/revenue ratios and attractive hourly returns to labor. Based on a 6-h work day, profitability indicators of horticultural crops show that farmers are better-off compared to the ‘less than one dollar’ situation of people in Burkina Faso; horticultural crop production could thereby be an important part... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Seasonal variation of enrichment and contamination of heavy metals in the surface water of Qua Iboe River Estuary and adjoining creeks, South-South Nigeria

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science

J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.

Seasonal variation of the distribution pattern, enrichment and contamination of some heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Fe, Pb, Zn, Ni and Cu) in surface water of Qua Iboe river estuary and adjoining creeks were investigated using physicochemical parameters. The results of wet season mean concentrations (mg/l) were: Cd (0.09 ± 0.02), Cr (0.05 ± 0.02), Cu (0.05 ± 0.01), Fe (10.68 ± 1.91), Pb (0.06 ± 0.01), Zn (0.08 ±... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Biodiversity and ecology of Culicidae and Simuliidae probable vectors of infectious diseases in villages of the Sanaga mid valley, Cameroon: Influence of the Sanaga River

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

Most riverine villages of the Sanaga river are known endemic for vector-borne diseases. Two cross sectional surveys were set during two seasons in villages of the Sanaga mid valley to identify main Simuliids and mosquitoes genus and species, their specific biotopes and fluctuations of their abundance with respect to distance from the river banks and seasons. The study villages are located close to 5 and 35 km from the Sanaga river edges. Both larva... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Impact of environmental factors on the prevalence of autistic disorder after 1979

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The aim of this study was to investigate a previously overlooked, universally introduced environmental factor, fetal and retroviral contaminants in childhood vaccines, absent prior to change points (CPs) in autistic disorder (AD) prevalence with subsequent dose-effect evidence and known pathologic mechanisms of action.  Worldwide population based cohort study was used for the design of this study. The United States, Western Australia, United... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Anatomical variants, clinical presentation and pathological findings in patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

In this study, we investigated the different anatomical variations and clinical modes of presentation of chronic rhinosinusitis and their association with final histopathological diagnosis. This prospective randomization research was conducted on a total of 284 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery from March, 2009 to September, 2012. The study population (284 patients) included 170 males (59.8%) and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Marxist Study of Miss Julie

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Class stratification and efforts to bridge a gap between high and lower strata of society is among the chief aims of social Marxist writers. Strindberg's Miss Julie though labelled as a Naturalistic work possesses such strains of social Marxism and is to presented from this angle in this paper.   Key words: social Marxism, Class distinction in Miss Julie, bridging the gulf between two classes. Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Postmortem incidence and trends of Newcastle disease lesions among chicken presented for diagnosis at Makerere University Central Veterinary Laboratory: A retrospective study

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

In Uganda, endemic poultry diseases especially Newcastle disease (ND) presents an important limiting factor in the development of commercial poultry production and establishment of trade links. However, there was limited information about its incidence and trends. A retrospective study was conducted to determine incidence and trends of ND among chicken presented for post mortem diagnosis at Makerere University Central Veterinary Laboratory over a... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Perceptions about forest schools: Encouraging and promoting Archimedes Forest Schools

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study was to find out parents’ and children’s perception of outdoor learning programmes with specific reference to Archimedes Forest Schools, known as Forest Schools. A review of existing research showed that there had been no rigorous evaluation of perception of forest schools. The study was conducted in the UK and mixed method design was used taking into account ethical reconsiderations. The findings of this research... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 15

Application of sustainable livelihoods concepts in promoting biosecurity in free range poultry in rural Nigeria

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

Poultry production is very significant to the livelihoods of Nigerian rural populace which constitute 70%. Free range scavenging poultry constitutes  up to 90% of the total stock. Disease such as Newcastle and recent past the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) or bird flu H5N1 among other constitutes serious threat to poultry production in the country. Interventions targeted at preventing diseases at low cost and on sustainable manner... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Prevalence of common childhood illnesses and immunization status in infants and young children in two districts of Zambia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Scaling-up the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) strategy, Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) and improved infant feeding practices have contributed to a decline in child mortality in Zambia. Despite this progress, documentation on EPI and common childhood illnesses that are addressed in IMCI in the two districts where the study was conducted are scanty. The report below highlights findings on immunization and health status... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Factors influencing consumers’ preference for local rice in Nigeria

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

  This study applied a multinomial logistic regression in examining factors driving consumer preference for locally produced rice in Nigeria. The data for the study were collected in Niger and Ekiti states in 2008 under the post harvest study programme of Africa Rice (EX-WARDA). Results of the various analyses underscored the significance of socio-economic factors as major drivers of consumer preference for local rice in Nigeria. Five of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

“I am (not) a basketball person”: Self-sport brand-me relationships among basketball spectators

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

  The current study introduces a psychographic variable, the self-sport brand-me relationship, as a mediator for better understanding of spectator sport consumption on television and the internet. The self-sport brand-me relationship refers to an individuals’ perceived self-identification or rejection of a relationship with a sport participation as an affective involvement as a primary expression of oneself. Using a quota and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Dietary habits of pregnant women in Ogun-East Senatorial Zone, Ogun State, Nigeria: A comparative study

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Poor maternal nutrition in pregnancy leads to increased morbidity and negative pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight and peri-natal mortality. Pregnancy places extra demands on the body systems of pregnant women, necessitating optimal intake of essential nutrients. Rural and urban disparities in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative assessment of the dietary intake of 720 pregnant women... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Recent trend of aminoglycoside resistance among Staphylococcus aureus isolates in tertiary care hospital

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials

J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.

Aminoglycosides still play an important role in antistaphylococcal therapies, although emerging resistance amongst staphylococci is widespread. The objective of the present study was to know the percentage of aminoglycoside resistance among Staphylococcus aureus isolates. A total of 250 isolates of S. aureus were studied from different clinical specimens like blood, pus, wound swabs, sputum, ear swabs and body fluids. All the isolates were tested... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Effects of using simulation in e-learning programs on misconceptions and motivations towards learning

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research

Int. J. Sci. Technol. Educ. Res.

  The aim of this paper is to measure the effects of using simulation in e-learning programs on misconception and motivation towards learning for the college of education students in University of Kuwait. The course of Environmental Education was used as a case study. Experimental method was used in this study to answer the research questions. Three measurements were used in testing the research hypotheses: misconceptions measured by... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Assessing the performance appraisal concept of the Local Government Service in Ghana

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

  This study seeks to investigate the assertion that staff performance appraisal was not being effectively implemented in the Local Government Service of Ghana. The East Mamprusi District Assembly was used for the case study. The rationale was to ascertain the truth or otherwise of this assertion and to make appropriate recommendations where necessary since it is believed that there is some correlation between staff performance appraisal... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 15

Partial institutionalization and its relationship to Kenya’s poor economic development since independence: The case of the agricultural sector

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

  This review paper presents the concept of partial institutionalization as the process prevents countries that ought to have achieved higher levels of socio-economic development from realizing their potential. The author has reconceptualised de-industrialization away from the mainstream understanding of this notion, that is, the movement away from manufacturing to service industry in the developed countries (cf. Rowthorm and Ramaswamy,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Prevalence, intensity and associated risk factors for Toxocara canis infection in Nigerian dogs

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with Toxocara canis infections in dogs. The study was conducted in three communities in Southwest Nigeria between January, 2011 and February, 2012. Faecal samples (n=474) were processed by modified Kato-Katz procedure. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess risk factors for T. canis. An overall prevalence of 34.6% was recorded... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The socio-cultural functions of Kafa proverbs

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

  The objective of this study was to examine the social and cultural functions of proverbs told by the Kafa people in southern Ethiopia. Accordingly, field visits were made to the area to collect data. Fifteen proverbs were selected and classified to study issues related to agriculture, forestry and other social and cultural beliefs of the society. The analysis showed that the proverbs emphasized the hard work that is needed of the farmers... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Changes in convictions and attitudes to the teaching profession and classroom management due to practical teaching experience

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

  The aim of this study is to analyze changes in beliefs and attitudes to the teaching profession and to classroom management as a result of teaching experience. The structure of this study is based partly on the COACTIV - model of professional competence of teachers. The COACTIV – model is divided into motivational orientations, convictions and basic attitudes, self-regulatory skills and professional knowledge (comprising general... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 16

Role of acid-free paper in libraries: A survey

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

  Acid-free paper is a paper that has a neutral or basic pH (7 or slightly greater). It can be made from any cellulose fiber as long as the active acid pulp is eliminated during processing. It is also lignin and sulfur free. Acid-free paper addresses the problem of preserving documents for long periods.   Key words: Overview, standards, logo of acid-free paper, archival paper, preservation, Durabook. Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

A child with specific language impairment: Personal pronoun pattern in non-elicited spontaneous speech

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

Findings for concluding remarks in the area of personal pronouns are very limited, especially related to children with specific language impairment (SLI). The goal of the present research was to explain and justify pattern change in personal pronoun usage among children with specific language impairments. For this, one child with specific language impairment from Child Language Data Exchange System/CHILDES was taken. Computerized language analysis... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Conflict as a propelling instrument of change and continuity: The Ilorin example

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution

J. Law Conflict. Resolut

  As philosopher says that change is the permanent phenomenon in life, so, conflict has been identified as the propelling agent. It thus explains why these natural phenomena have been employed to discuss the historical experience in a part of Africa. Ilorin is one of the capitals of states (Kwara State) in Nigeria. It is located on latitude 80-30 north and longitude 40-35 east. As frontier to both the Caliphate, the political structure... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Audience westernisation as a threat to the indigenization model of media broadcast in Nigeria

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

  Based on semi-structure interviews and secondary data, this paper examines the westernization of audiences - among other phenomena - as a serious challenge to the indigenization paradigm in Nigeria in particular and Africa as a whole. It pragmatically argues that this westernization of local audiences theoretically implies the shaping of media output (programming) according to audience interest which, unarguably, is progressively in favor... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

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