Genetic diversity and adaptation to different tillage and farming systems of cocoyam genotypes (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) in the Eastern Region of Ghana

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Experiments conducted in Ghana show that cocoyam exists as mixtures of clones in farmers farms. This work aimed to use RAPD markers to determine the extent of diversity in cocoyam genotypes collected from farms at different locations in the Eastern region of Ghana. The study also investigated whether the genotypes have different adaptation to different farming systems (intercropping with plantain and sole cropping) and tillage methods (mounds and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Education nexus politics in Agame Awraja during the imperial regime

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

During the imperial regime of Emperor Haileslasie, there were only three secondary schools in Tigray Province. These were Atse Yohannis of Enderta, Nigiste Saba of Adwa and Agazi of Agame Awrajas. These secondary schools were centers of dissent. Linguistic oppression, maladministration and lack of adequate social institutions created very strong dissatisfaction among the people of Tigray Province. As what was happening in other parts of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Looking at ‘Modern India’ IN Mark Tully’s NO FULL STOPS IN INDIA and NON- STOP INDIA

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Mark Tully’s books, No Full Stops in India (1992) and Non Stop India (2011) are telling commentaries on the situation of post-independent India. Central to both books is the question of Indian ‘modernity’ or ‘development’ after independence, and in this regard they explore various aspects of Indian society, economy, politics and religion. The aim of this paper is to analyse how India has been pictured in these stories.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

The influence of Treaty Design on the participation of Developing and Developed Nations in International Environmental Agreements (IEAs)

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

It is an observed fact that developing and developed countries participate in International Environmental Agreements (IEAs) to different levels. Do IEA provisions exert differential levels of influence on the participation of developing and developed countries? This paper relies on multivariate regression analysis to examine the relationship between key IEA provisions and the participation of developing and developed countries in thirty-one global... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Evaluation of measles surveillance systems in Afghanistan-2010

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  Measles is a leading cause of death among children under five years world-wide. In Afghanistan, measles claimed 35,000 lives in 2001. Despite reported measles vaccination coverage of 75%, the number of outbreaks was increasing in 2008. The systems involved in measles surveillance in Afghanistan include: Health Management Information System (HMIS), Disease Early Warning System (DEWS), and the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI). These... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Profit efficiency of dairy farmers in Kenya: An application to smallholder farmers in Rift Valley and Central Province

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The dairy industry in Kenya is an important source of livelihood among the smallholder farmers who supply over 70% of the total milk. However, there is a growing concern on rising costs of milk production among farmers. The study assessed profit efficiency of smallholder dairying in the Rift Valley and Central Provinces of Kenya using stochastic frontier analysis for estimating farm level profit efficiency and identifying the specific determinants... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Genetic variation and heritability of yield and related traits in promising rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.)

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

A study was conducted during 2008 to 2009 in 12 environments in Nigeria, Benin Republic and Togo to evaluate genetic variation and heritability of yield and related traits in 48 rice genotypes. The experiments were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Genotypes differed significantly at p > 0.001 for all the traits studied, which implies that the genotypes contain adequate genetic variability. Phenotypic... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Psychosocial wellbeing of orphan and vulnerable children at orphanages in Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial problems and coping strategies of orphan and vulnerable children living in two orphanages, namely Yenege Tesfa and Bridge of Hope Ethiopia orphan and vulnerable children care and support centers in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. The research primarily used a phenomenological study design of the qualitative method. Qualitative data was collected from 1 March to 31 May, 2014, by using... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Does the organizational structure affect the management of universities in Uganda? An empirical analysis

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

The organisational structure of universities follows particular models that distinguish them from other learning institutions. This research investigated the effect of the organisational structure on the management of universities in Uganda using a sample of 361, 44 % of whom were members of academic staff, and the rest contained university top management officials, administrative and support staff of universities. The subjects were selected using... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

"Twenty-first Century English Poetry towards Mantric Planes of Consciousness"

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Sri Aurobindo, a man of the supramental plane of consciousness has found ‘Mantra’ to be the future of Poetry, the poetry which expresses the deepest spiritual reality. He discovers that poetry written from some higher plane of, what he calls, the Intuitive Mind Consciousness and Over mind Consciousness, the two uppermost planes of spiritual consciousness on the plane of Mind is the Mantra. Since man is yet to evolve to these higher... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 8

Identity, political efficacy and expected political participation among nursing students after 25th January revolution

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

University students' political participation is of great significance to their own growth and it facilitates a country's democratization process. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of personal and social identity, political efficacy and expected political participation among nursing students after 25th January 2011 Revolution of Egypt. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University.  A... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Elaborated and restricted codes of pluralism - Entangled manifestations in natural resource-dependent African countries

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Africa's re-democratization project set in motion more than two decades ago has produced varying outcomes. Factors such as political character of the state, cognitive resources and intervention strategies of core elites, commitment to democratic stewardship, social cohesion, diversity of resilience-resources, tolerance may combine to produce hybrid outcomes. This piece explores the state of democracy and appropriate governance in natural... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

A shift from peasant to intellectual-led political opposition in Tigray during the imperial regime (up to 1974)

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This paper examines how the educated people of Tigray took over the illiterate ones to fight against the imperial government. Local songs, poems and sayings used against Emperor Haileslasie are discussed. Following the liberation of Ethiopia from the Italian occupation in 1941, Emperor Haileslasie introduced a number of reforms, many of which were rejected by the people of Ethiopia. The imperial government used different measures including force to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Nigeria and the crisis of cultural identity in the era of globalization

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

This paper examines the crisis in the Nigerian cultural environment as a result of globalization. Globalization, referred to as the inter-dependence of countries, peoples, races and institutions in politics, economics, arts, science and technology, is equally responsible for inter-cultural exchanges and the coming together of people of diverse persuasions. In place of previous prejudices, biases and misunderstandings, globalization has led to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Origin and development of ‘Directing’ in juju music performance

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Juju music as a unique Nigerian popular genre has so many African phenomena inculcated into its performance though it has some western touches in its scale and some other features. Hence this paper examined one of the African phenomena – directing, in the performance of juju music. This write up was based on the conducted research and in order to present a genuine report, live performances and the recordings of juju exponents such as King... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 3

The use of libraries among children in primary schools in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study investigated the use of libraries among primary school children in the public, private and missionary schools in Makurdi metropolis. Using a survey design method and structured questionnaire, data were collected from a total of 366 participants. The findings showed that generally, there was a high level of reading interest and proficiencies among the children which are good indicators of use of library resources; but a low level of volume... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Value creation: A catalyst to job satisfaction of vocational educators in tertiary institutions in selected states of Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study assessed the influence of value creation on job satisfaction of vocational educators in tertiary institutions in Edo and Delta States. One research question was raised and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design. A sample of 189 (one hundred and eighty nine) vocational educators was used for the study. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

An ethnographic study of Igbo naming ceremony (IBA NWA AFA)

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

In 2002, as part of a larger study, the present researcher undertook an ethnographic exploration of the Igbo naming ceremony. The aim was to identify the vector quantities implicated in the practice of this ceremony as well as the symbolic and mimetic acts and fixed expressions that constitute the fabric of the ritual process of the ceremony. The second aspect of the study was to gain a hermeneutic perspective on the ceremony, with a view to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Effect of dipentyl phthalate in 3-dimensional in vitro testis co-culture is attenuated by cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

Exposure to phthalate esters is associated with changes in steroidogenesis, leading to the hypothesis that this is a primary mechanism of phthalate reproductive toxicity. However, some phthalate-induced male reproductive toxicity has been demonstrated in the absence of changes to testosterone production, suggesting additional mechanisms of action. There is evidence that phthalate exposure increases expression of the inflammatory enzyme... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Evaluation of safety and quality of surgical care at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A retrospective review of 463 case notes of surgical procedures performed on dogs at the surgery unit of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ibadan Nigeria between 2003 and 2013 was conducted to evaluate the level of compliance with safety and quality of care standards. Quality of patients’ records of major surgical procedures was evaluated with reference to pre-surgical evaluation protocols, anesthetic protocols, events during and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

An assessment of the impact of the fast track land reform programme on the environment: The Case of Eastdale Farm in Gutu District, Masvingo

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Through the indigenisation programme, the government of Zimbabwe embarked on fast track land reform which to some extent had both positive and negative impacts. The aim of the programme was to empower the local Zimbabweans economically and to improve on food security. On the other hand, this initiative had negative implications to the environment. The research explored how the new farming communities endeavoured to protect the environment through... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

The impact of emotional intelligence on communication effectiveness: Focus on strategic alignment

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

In today's complex communication environment, emotional intelligence, communication effectiveness, and strategic alignment remain a key topic of concern among managers and employees worldwide. Communication effectiveness is a key for organization’s performance and progress. The interrelationship between emotional intelligence, communication effectiveness, and strategic alignment plays a vital role in the growth and success of organizations... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Hard Ticks of Camel in Southern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

This cross-sectional study was carried out in Raya Azebo district with the objective of determining the prevalence and species diversity of hard ticks encountered in camels. During the study period, a total of 384 camels were examined and 96.6% of them were found infested with ticks. A total of 15,723 ticks were collected from half body regions of infected camels during the study period. The average tick burden from half body region of camels was... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Effectiveness of chlorhexidine and sodium hypochlorite to reduce Enterococcus faecalis biofilm biomass

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Bacteria present in biofilm show an increased resistance to antimicrobial activity of endodontic irrigants, and the persistence of these microorganisms after chemomechanical preparation may lead to endodontic treatment failure. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and chlorhexidine (CHX) to reduce E. faecalis biofilm biomass. Biofilms built by Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 in polystyrene... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Somatic embryogenesis in two Nigerian cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

The embryogenic ability of two cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444) was investigated by culturing their young leaf lobes on an induction medium (DKW2 50P). The explants formed organized embryogenic structures regardless of the concentration of picloram in the medium. Organized embryogenic structures induction was enhanced by increasing the concentration of picloram in the induction medium for both cultivars. The optimum level of picloram at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Conception of controversial issues among social studies teacher candidates

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The purpose of this study is to examine the definitional state of social studies teacher candidates regarding the concept of controversial issues and to determine whether a course on it would be beneficial to correct any misunderstandings. The study has been conducted in university in Southwestern Turkey. The study is designed as an experimental research. Participants of the study were 40 social studies teacher candidates, 20 of them were in the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 20

Determination of some mineral and heavy metals in Saudi Arabia popular herbal drugs using modern techniques

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  The contents of 22 essential mineral elements and trace, heavy and toxic metals in 14 herbal drugs collected from the local markets of the western province of Saudi Arabia have been determined. All investigated elements were detected using inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) after pretreatment of the tested samples with microwave digestion system. The levels of the most dangerous heavy metals Cd and Pb... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 39

Effect of starter cultures on microbial and physicochemical parameters of a dry fermented poultry meat sausage

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The aim of this work was to study the effect of Staphylococcus xylosus and Lactobacillus plantarum on microbial and physicochemical characteristics of a dry fermented poultry meat sausage. The microbial results show that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) represent the two predominant microflora in all stages of ripening. The number of enterobacteria decreased significantly in sausages previously inoculated... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 43

Intermittent leaching of copper from copper based fungicide through a saturated soil profile

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Copper is a micronutrient required for plant growth. However, it can have negative effect on plant growth if the concentration is too high. The aim of this study was to examine copper concentrations of leachate from soil columns treated with copper based fungicide. A 2 × 4 factorial arrangements consisting of two soil types (0 to 60 cm sample depth) and four rates of copper based fungicide concentrations (0, 1.88, 3.75 and 7.50 g/L ) was used... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Alternatives for remediation and decontamination of soils from Brazil

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The aim of this work is to identify the main sources of contamination of soils, their effects on organisms also presenting alternatives for remediation and decontamination of these contaminated environments. The soils have in their composition organisms that are naturally present, as well as the presence of contaminants in increasing proportion when compared to the world industrialization and modernization of agriculture; therefore, increase in... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 43

Numerical simulation of rainfall-induced rock mass collapse and debris flow

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Geologic disaster of rainfall-induced rock collapse and debris flow is an essential part of research in the field of geotechnical engineering. Based on the discrete element method, the article derived the constitutive model of particles bond-damage fracture-move. A two-dimensional slope model of rock mass collapse was established to simulate slide of rock mass collapse and dynamic evolution process of debris flow. The change of mechanics parameters... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Propranolol versus corticosteroids in the treatment of infantile hemangioma in Chinese children: A meta-analysis

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of propranolol versus corticosteroids in the treatment of Chinese children with infantile hemangioma (IH). We searched CNKI, PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Ovid for studies describing the efficacy and safety of propranolol and corticosteroid treatment in Chinese children with IH. Random-effect meta-analytical and systematic review techniques were conducted for the outcome measures.... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 38

Genetic diversity in African nutmeg (Monodora myristica) accessions from South Eastern Nigeria

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Twenty-one accessions of African nutmeg (Monodora myristica Gaertn. Dunal), an endangered spice plant, were collected from the South-East and South-South regions of Nigeria and analyzed for genetic diversity using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Twenty-one (21) decamer primers were tested out of which 10 that gave reproducible band patterns were selected for the study. A total of 77 bands were generated, ranging from 3 for OPB17 to... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 42

Microbiological assessment of bottled water brands in the Bulawayo market, Zimbabwe

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

This study aimed at evaluating the microbial quality of bottled water available in the Bulawayo market necessitated by the influx of local and imported bottled water brands into the market. The samples were analysed for Escherichia coli, heterotrophic plate count (HPC), total coliforms, feacal coliforms and for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Total coliforms had a prevalence of 10% in local bottled water brands with bacterial counts not exceeding 30 cfu/250... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 42

Entrepreneurship complexity: Salient features of entrepreneurship

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

The topic of entrepreneurship has attracted a lot of attention in academia and industry circles. This paper seeks to explore theories of entrepreneurship as well as its definitions. To this end a model that includes the salient entrepreneurial features, such as non-resource ownership and non-monetary gain, in defining entrepreneurship has been developed. It is now a known fact that no country can do without entrepreneurial activity to boost its... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 19

Effect of tillage system and nitrogen fertilization on organic matter content of Nitisols in Western Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Ethiopian soils, formed from old weathered rocks, are naturally low in fertility. Moreover, crop production is constrained by non-sustainable cropping practices, particularly repeated plowing and hoeing, which enhances loss of soil organic matter. Field trials were therefore conducted to determine the integrated effects of tillage system and nitrogen fertilization on organic matter content of Nitisols at five sites using maize as test crop during... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 42

Molecular profiling of different morphotypes under the genus Rhynchophorus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Central and Southern Philippines

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier and Rhynchophorus schach Olivier have long been reported as the two most common species of palm weevils in the Philippines. In 2008, surveys conducted in Agusan del Sur, Davao del Sur, Davao City and Cebu revealed more erstwhile unreported palm weevil morphotypes which led to perplexity in taxonomic classification. This study was conducted to determine and ascertain the genetic variation and phylogenetic... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Examining the role of college student's approach to Math

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

Many educators posed in class why students lack interest in learning mathematics. Regularly this lack of interest in learning is accompanied with difficulties and is perceived by teachers, in general, from the basic stage until the adult stage process. The study seeks to explain the strength of association or correlation between social psychology, and analyse the interrelationship between attitude toward mathematics and academic performance of... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Creating animal welfare assessment method for backyard goat production in the Philippines using stockmanship competence as proxy indicator

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Measuring animal welfare is a newly emerging area of research and it needs a multi-disciplinary approach do it. Due to the diversity of what constitute the definition of animal welfare, different methods and models were developed, and mostly were implemented in semi-intensive and commercial farms in developed countries. There are hardly any studies of animal welfare assessment conducted in developing countries and in backyard livestock operations.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Quality assessment of different brands of Diclofenac tablets in some pharmacy stores in Abuja

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  Diclofenac is one of the most commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of pain, rheumatism and other inflammatory conditions. The drug has analgesic, anti-pyritic and anti-inflammatory effects. Rapid and sensitive-reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used to analyze the amount of Diclofenac in the samples. The calibration curve was linear with correlation coefficient (r2) of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Targeted parallel sequencing of the Musa species: Searching for an alternative model system for polyploidy studies

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Modern day genomics holds the promise of solving the complexities of basic plant sciences, and of catalyzing practical advances in plant breeding. While contiguous, "base perfect" deep sequencing is a key module of any genome project; recent advances in parallel next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has opened up new avenues for answering biological questions in moderate to large genomes of complex polyploid species like banana.... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 41

Brucellosis in human and domestic animals in Bangladesh: A review

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE), brucellosis is considered to be the most widespread zoonosis throughout the world. It is a neglected bacterial zoonotic disease in many countries including Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to review published reports of the brucellosis in humans and domestic animals (cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 41

Characterization of village chicken production and marketing systems in selected districts of North Western Amhara region, Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

A formal survey was conducted in three purposively selected districts of western Amhara, Ethiopia. The major objective of the study was to assess and characterize the existing chicken production and marketing system of the study areas. A total of 160 randomly selected chicken owners were used for the study. The result revealed that there were four chicken production systems in the study areas; scavenging only (2.5%), scavenging with seasonal... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 41

A study of some systems of nonlinear partial differential equations by using Adomian and modified decomposition methods

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research

Afr. J. Math. Comput. Sci. Res.

In this paper, we introduce the solution of systems of nonlinear partial differential equations subject to the general initial conditions by using Adomian decomposition method (ADM) and Modified decomposition method (MDM). The proposed Adomian and Modified decomposition methods was applied to reformulated first and second order initial value problems, which leads the solution in terms of transformed variables, and the series solution will be... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Phytochemical screening and study of antioxidant and analgesic potentials of ethanolic extract of Stephania japonica Linn.

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the possible phytochemicals present, antioxidant activity and analgesic potential of ethanolic extract of leaves of Stephania japonica (Linn.). For investigating the antioxidant activity, four complementary test systems, namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, reducing power assay, Fe++ ion chelating ability and total phenolic content were used. Analgesic activity of the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Technical efficiency and productivity growth in Egypt’s cotton production

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The production of cotton has great economic importance in Egypt. However, in the last years an important decline was observed both in cotton production and cultivated area. One of the suggested causes of this decline is the low productivity growth. In this paper we employ the stochastic frontier analysis to analyze the evolution of total factor productivity (TFP) from its determinants (including the efficiency). The empirical results indicate that... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 40

Combining ability and heterosis for different agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress in the Sudan Savanna of Borno State, Nigeria

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Combining ability variances were estimated for grain yield and its related traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Nine maize varieties consisted of five IITA open pollinated varieties (OPVs) and four local varieties were crossed in line x tester mating design. During the 2007 cropping season to determine the general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) effects and heterosis. Parents and hybrids were evaluated in Damboa during the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Determinants of farmers’ adoption decisions for improved pearl millet variety in Sahel savanna zone of northern Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Millet is a staple food mainly from local varieties, throughout the Sahel and in parts of the Sudan Savanna. Improved millet varieties are higher yielding and of better quality than the local varieties. This study was carried out after the Yobe State Agricultural Development Program had carried out series of extension services to assess the determinants of adoption of the improved varieties. Multistage systematic and purposive random sampling... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Characterization of a barley-based farming system in the Arsi Highlands, Ethiopia

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

In order to minimize the gap between the demand for barley, particularly malt barley, and its supply, this study was initiated to assess the existing farming systems of the selected agro ecologies in order to develop appropriate malt barley technologies and major production constraints. In line to this, two districts with a potential in barley production were purposively selected from the Arsi highlands of Ethiopia and totally 120 farmers were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Roof age effect on the quality of harvested rainwater and its health implication in a selected location, Southwest Nigeria

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

Rainwater for potable uses has increased in developing countries due to population increase and the failure of conventional means of water supply. However, the quality of roof harvested rainwater and its health implication are issues that require urgent attention. The quality of rainwater harvested from galvanized roofing sheets (GRS) of different ages was investigated. Rainwater samples were collected on monthly basis from roofs of 5, 10 and 15... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Sugar cane juice for polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production by batch fermentation

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Clarified sugar cane juice was evaluated as an alternative substrate for the batch production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by Alcaligenes latus, and a mineral salt broth was used as the control. The study included the physicochemical characterization of the juice, measurement of the fermentation kinetic parameters and identification of the polymer type by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. Batch-type... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 40

Evaluation of antimicrobial activity against bacterial leaf blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryze pv. oryzae and antioxidant activities of Streptomyces sp. TC1

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

A Streptomyces sp. TC1 isolate was screened for antimicrobial activity against bacterial leaf blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae under in vitro condition. The crude extracts obtained from the culture filtrate by solvent extraction using ethyl acetate were possessed with moderate antimicrobial activity tested in agar well diffusion method. The crude extract is also analyzed for antioxidant activities by six different in vitro assays and... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 40

Isolation and identification of aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of cart horses in Central Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross sectional study to isolate and identify aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of horses was conducted from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Forty eight apparently healthy horses (APHH) and 56 horses with respiratory tract diseases (HRTD) brought to Society for protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics in Central Ethiopia were randomly selected. Swab samples were collected aseptically from nasopharynx of the horses. Isolation... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Indian mindscape: Caste, class hegemony with reference to Kannada short story ‘Classmate’

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  Caste identity is not just a question of consciousness; it is a matter of structure, of power. Can the category Dalit merely represent a perspective? Can it just be a standpoint? And what are the tools/ideas/texts that would enable a Dalit perspective? Can a Dalit perspective be divorced from the experience of being termed an untouchable? Untouchability is not a singular experience; what holds Dalits together is the structural fact that... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Orientation impact on performance of undergraduate students in University of Cape Coast (Ghana)

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

  Orientation is widely conceived to encompass activities that support the transition into educational institutions. The University of Cape Coast, Ghana places a premium on orientation for fresh year students and yet the impact of such programmes on students’ performance remains a difficult thing to determine. This study, therefore, focuses on finding out the impact of orientation on the academic performance of students. The study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Whole-body vibration and benefits for people with osteoarthritis: A systematic review

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

  Whole body vibration (WBV) can be an important tool to treat patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to systematically review published research concerning the use of WBV in people with OA. In PubMed and Scopus, the number of publications (NP) is respectively to the keywords arthrosis, 289,586 and 10,569, osteoarthrosis, 299,158 and 3,952, arthritis, 251,453 and 236,849 and osteoarthritis, 56,323 and 80,008.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

State-economy relations and survival of democratic governance in transiting societies: Lessons from South Korea

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

  Rational men support institutions that best guarantee the attainment of their socioeconomic aspirations. Of all known political rationalizations, democracy, it is that best prides such. However, in certain climes, there are inhibitive factors defiling the success of democracy, much of which is located within the state-economy relations. With a state-economy relations and democratic governance model, this paper comparatively, examined the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

Correlations among attitudes about aging, willingness to communicate, communication satisfaction, and self-esteem of Filipino elders

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

  With the aim of understanding how Filipino elders function in the communication context, this study sought to determine their attitude about aging, willingness to communicate, and communication satisfaction, and how these variables correlated with their self-esteem. Eight hundred and one willing and able elders from different sectors of society were included in the study.  Mixed methods such as survey, interview, and observation were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Immunities and privileges of International Organizations and the international civil service

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

A fundamental principle of public international law and the law of the international civil service bestows a certain degree of immunity and some privileges to members of the international civil service (those serving in the United Nations system). Therefore it follows that negligence of a member of the international civil service cannot be judged at the same level as that of a member of the public, particularly in relation to professional duties... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

When the music moves you: Revisiting the classics in the company of neuroscience

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

  When the music moves you, you dance. The bodily movement that develops in response to music is what is here considered “dance.” Philosophers have long understood music as possessing the power to move us. This paper employs Heinrich Wolfflin’s theory of “sympathetic modeling”—a theory recently validated by neuroscientists’ discovery of mirror neurons in humans—and Antonio Damasio’s... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 2

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