Parasitic occurrence in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii from coastal West Bengal, India

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

In recent years, culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is expanding in India and West Bengal state in particular, due to its relatively fast growth rate, high market price and export demand. However, the detail study on parasitic diseases has received less attention on cultivable M. rosenbergii compared to the penaied prawns. The present parasitic survey on M. rosenbergii from coastal West Bengal state in India encountered 14 species of parasites.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Reflections on Islamic marriage as panacea to the problems of HIV and AIDS

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Heterosexual intercourse is epidemiologically the leading factor in the spread of HIV/AIDS. Although the heterogeneous Muslims condemn condom use as leading to zina, the Muslim majority regions of North Africa and the Middle East have the lowest HIV prevalence in the world. Through the desk-top approach the paper evaluated Islamic marriage as a possible panacea to the problems of HIV/AIDS. The correlation between religion and the spread of HIV/AIDS... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

A survey of ticks and East Coast fever among cattle in Fangak County, Jonglei State, South Sudan

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

This study was carried out in Fangak County, Jonglei State, South Sudan, with aim to identify the main ticks species and follow north limit of the theileriosis in Jonglei. Three localities namely; Hai, Toggar and Bichoul kun village in Phoum payam were selected as suspected area for East Coast fever (ECF), Group A) and Kuer kan in Manjang payams were selected as non suspected area for ECF (Group B). These groups A and B were based on animal... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Knowledge and attitudes of adult HIV positive patients to HIV/AIDS in Yola, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Though cases of AIDS are visible in Nigeria and high awareness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), correct knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention has remained low with significant numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS having low attitudes towards life and the disease itself. This study determined the baseline knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention and attitudes towards... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Reframing post-Mugabe justice: A critical need for a truth and reconciliation commission

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper interrogates conditions by which deeply divided societies such as Zimbabwe can move forward through a recognition paradigm often used by Truth Commissions (TCs). The study is located within a dispute that troubled societies cannot fully reconcile as long as pre-existing grievances are not addressed. The principal argument is that there have been human rights abuses under President Mugabe’s presidency and the task of addressing the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 7

Elucidating idioms through idioms: A metalinguistic contemplation of some issues on “Befogging Idioms”

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

An idiom is a phrase which you cannot understand by putting together the meanings of the words in it. For example, pull your socks up has nothing to do with socks or pulling them up, but means "try your best". There are more than 5500 common idioms suitable for intermediate learners, yet the total number of English idioms is far greater. Idioms (McCaig and Manser, 1986) are a very important part of the English language: you may be told... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Factors influencing smallholder farmers’ decisions to participate in livestock markets in Namibia

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Across the world, sustained integration of smallholder farmers into commercial agriculture has empowered resource poor smallholder farmers to diversify their livelihoods into non-farm enterprises. The new enterprises have crystallized into socioeconomic development hubs. Associated with the growth of the agricultural sector in developed nations has been the development of highly market-integrated agribusinesses manned by few commercial farmers.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Skewed rural development policies and economic malaise in Zimbabwe

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Rural development hinges on the dictates of the growth poles theory. François Perroux introduced the idea of economic Growth Poles in 1949 whose central notion is based on the concept of abstract economic space. The theory argues that decentralization of activities from the centre to the periphery enables the general populace to access services and opportunities better and helps to curtail migration to the centre. In line with the dictates of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Knowledge and attitude of Saudi mothers towards health of primary teeth

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to assess Saudi mothers’ knowledge and attitude towards primary teeth health and dental caries and the impact of level of education on their knowledge and attitude. Four hundred, self-reported questionnaires were distributed to mothers of children aged 1 to 6 years. They contained questions expressing knowledge and attitudes towards the health of primary teeth and the effect of educational level on knowledge and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Environmental and health hazards associated with exploration of barite from Bukkuyum (Zamfara State), Nigeria

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences

ISABB J. Health Environ. sci.

Barite is barium sulfate with the chemical formula of BaSO4. Unlike barite witherite (BaCO3) it is not chemically inert, it can dissolve in water and, when dissolved, can cause an environmental hazard. Barite forms in many geologic environments with both metallic and nonmetallic minerals. Minerals associated with the ore are a main concern when mining and processing barite. In many barite deposits, silica is present,if the level of SiO2 is high... Read more

Vol. 2 Num. 3

Assessment of farmers’ perception and adaptation mechanism to soil erosion problem in Shomba Kichib, Gimbo District, Kaffa Zone, South West Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Soil erosion is one of the major problems challenging farmers in Ethiopia. Though a number of soil and water conservation methods were introduced and practiced, sustaining the application of these measures is far below expectations and soil degradation is still a persistent problem. This research was conducted with the aim of finding out the type of indigenous and introduced soil and water conservation measures, determining the farmer’s... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 27

Influence of cassava peels and poultry manure-based compost on soil properties, growth and yield of waterleaf (Talinum triangulare Jacq) in an ultisol of south-eastern Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Effects of cassava peels and poultry manure based compost and their sole applications on soil properties, growth and yield of waterleaf were investigated at the University of Calabar Teaching and Research Farm during 2013 and 2014 cropping seasons.  The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.  There were seven treatments consisting of mixture of cassava peels and poultry manure... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Effects of treatment with fraction IV extract of Ximenia americana on the survival rate, packed cell volume and total plasma proteins of Trypanosoma congolense infected mice

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

The effect of treatment with fraction IV extract of Ximenia americana on the survival rate, packed cell volume and total plasma proteins of Trypanosoma congolense infected mice was investigated. Following infection with 104 T. congolense, the mice were treated with  25 mg/kg body weight fraction IV extract and 20 mg/kg body weight Diminazene aceturate, respectively, while a group was left untreated. Parasitaemia, packed cell volume, total... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

A synthesis of the impact of the ever evolving information and communication technologies on the economic development of Togo

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can play an important role in accelerating the economic growth potential of a country. The exponentially rapid spread of ICT is deeply affecting the social, political, economic and cultural spheres in even in poor countries like Togo. We evaluated the appropriation of ICT in Togo to determine its potential to integrate its economy into global production networks through a techno-economic paradigm... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Contribution of Indian leaders to Indian Nationalist Movement: An analytical discussion

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

At present, India is the most growing powerful nation state of the world. Although it came into being in1947, it was a colony of the British Empire. The British had ruled this land for more than 200 years. To become independent it has to go through a long journey. In this long journey it was guided by its great leaders. These leaders gave Indians the tools to become independent that is Nationalist Movement. Hence, Indian leaders are called the soul... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Inchini town, West Showa Zone, Ada’a Bega Woreda, Centeral Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The study was conducted from November, 2008 to March, 2009 in six kebeles of Ada’a Berga Woreda, West Showa Zone, in and around Inchini town and indicated that bovine fasciolosis is widely spread with high prevalence, inducing economic loss to livestock production in the region. From a total of 573 cattle coprologically examined during the study period, 291 animals were found positive for liver fluke infection with an overall prevalence rate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Effect of Aspillia africana leave on reproduction of rabbit

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This study investigated the effect of Aspillia africana leaves on reproduction of rabbit and was conducted at the rabbit section of the University Teaching and Research Farm of Joseph Ayo Babalola University Ikeji-Arakeji Osun State, Nigeria. The experiment has a complete randomized design with four treatments and one control. Each treatment has two replicates as well as the control. Twenty-four (24) cross-breed (New Zealand White and Flemish)... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Determinants of adopting techniques of soil and water conservation in Goromti Watershed, Western Ethiopia

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations, including Ethiopia. A number of soil and water conservation methods were introduced to combat land degradation but adoption of these practices remains below expectations. The main objective of the study is to assess determinants of soil and water conservation techniques in Western Ethiopia. For this purpose,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

How Green are our Stories? Explorations of ecological subjectivities in Ethiopian children’s literature

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

This study explores the place given to ecological crises in Ethiopian children’s literature. Through examining ecological subject positions in the works, it attempts to investigate values ascribed to nature. More than fifty narratives in fifteen children’s literature books published in Amharic have been considered for the investigation. An Ecocritical approach has been used as a framework to analyze the works. The analysis reveals that... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Comparative analysis of variation in morphology of rugae pattern amongst sibling pairs

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Palatal rugae are epithelial ridges on anterior part of palatal mucosa on each side of mid palatine raphe behind incisive papilla. The aim of this study was to compare the uniqueness of rugae pattern amongst sibling pairs, determine the predominant rugae pattern and to assess the gender difference in rugae forms in 5 to 15 years old children and its utility in sex determination.  Casts of 50 sibling pairs aged 5 to 15 years were obtained and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Development of community based ecotourism in Wenchi Crater Lake, Ethiopia: Challenges and prospects

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

This study examines the challenges and prospects of Community Based Ecotourism development in Ethiopia with special focus on Wenchi Crater Lake. Descriptive research design was employed with 194 sample representatives selected through simple random sampling technique and purposive sampling for quantitative and qualitative data respectively. The data were collected through key informant interview, informal discussion, questionnaire survey and field... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Hepatitis C virus genotype distribution among adults and children in Bydgoszcz, Poland

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

One of the fundamental factors determining the effectiveness of the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is genotype hepatitis C (HCV). The aim of the study was to determine and compare the genotypes distribution among adults (2100) and children (381) patients from the Department of Infectious Diseases in Bydgoszcz diagnosed in years 2003 to 2013 due to hepatitis C (HCV) infection. The most common genotype was genotype 1 HCV which was... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Evaluation of the minerals, heavy metals and microbial compositions of drinking water from different sourcesin Utagba-Uno, Nigeria

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences

ISABB J. Health Environ. sci.

The presence of heavy metals in drinking water is of public health significance because of their toxicity at even low concentrations. Water should also be free of microorganisms.The quality of drinking water from tap, rain,river and bottled water within Utagba-Uno, a rural community in Ndokwa, Delta State was evaluated by determining the minerals, heavy metals and microbial compositions. The nine water samples analyzed included three bottled water... Read more

Vol. 2 Num. 2

Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients from the home care program of Federal District Brazil

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The hegemonic presence of chronic conditions in the world in recent decades has pushed health systems to reorganization, aimed at viability and economic sustainability with ‘user-centered’ and integrated actions, and also using the logic model of health care networks. One of the alternatives to meet this need relates to home care, which intends to assist bedridden chronic patients at home as a substitute and/or complementary to hospital... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Impact of information leaflet on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related information and self management in HIV positive adolescents

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research

J. AIDS HIV Res.

This study evaluates the effectiveness of a peer support intervention on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related information and self-management in HIV positive adolescents. Adolescents in this study referred to children in the age group 11 to 16 years. An intervention study, with outcomes assessed the intervention and immediately post-intervention.  Participants aged 11 to 16 years (N = 114) were recruited from three antiretroviral... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Leisure attitude, perceived freedom in leisure within married couples

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

Studies show that most people see marriage and children as an important part of their future, and view marriage as playing a crucial role in meeting their needs for companionship and emotional security.  One of the factors found to play an important role in marriage is leisure which may influence and strengthen married couples interaction. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between Perceived Freedom in Lesiure and Leisure... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties of Vernonia pauciflora Willd. (Asteraceae) Ethanol Extracts

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of Vernonia pauciflora crude ethanol extract were studied in order to verify the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effect. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the leaf extract revealed that it contained cyanogenetic glycosides, flavonoids, terpenes with no trace of alkaloids. The analgesic screening of the extract against acetic acid-induced writhing in mice showed that the plant have a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Medication-related factors of non adherence among patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: Outcome of a cross-sectional survey in Maiduguri, North-eastern Nigeria

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

Pharmacotherapy is the cornerstone in the symptomatic treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, but non-adherence to the medications constitutes major obstacles to optimal outcome in their management. This study assessed the prevalence of and exclusively x-rayed medication-related factors of non-adherence among patients with these disorders in a resource-poor setting. Three hundred and fifty eight (358) patients with schizophrenia and bipolar... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Blood tissue cytological status of prognosis and predictive markers in the natural history of solid cancer development

Journal of Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology Research

J. Clin. Immunol. Immunopathol. Res.

Cancer is the major burden of disease worldwide. Each year, tens of millions of people are diagnosed with cancer around the world, and more than half of the patients eventually die from it. In many countries, cancer ranks the second most common cause of death following cardiovascular diseases. With significant improvement in treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer has or will soon become the number one killer in many parts of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

An autopsy case of Group A Streptococcus meningoencephalitis

Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine

J. Clin. Pathol. Forensic Med.

Group A Streptococcus (GAS), which frequently colonizes the oropharynx, causes significant morbidity worldwide due to invasive infections such as pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis, bacteremia and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. However, this organism does not usually invade the central nervous system. Here, we report the autopsy of an adult Japanese patient who died from a fulminant infection, and examination of her cerebrospinal fluid and blood... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

English language prepositions: An Albatross for English Language learners In Nigeria

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The acquisition and learning of a language involve understanding and mastery of what constitutes its grammar. This paper assessed the performance of second language undergraduate students in the use of English prepositions and determined the likely sources of challenges in its correct use.  One hundred and ninety eight undergraduate students were randomly selected from the Department of English Language of a Nigerian University. An assessment... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Polymicrobial ventilator associated pneumonia and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial isolates in a university hospital, Tabriz, Iran

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common infection, developed in intensive care units (ICU). Early diagnosis and appropriate selection of antimicrobial therapy is important to reduce the mortality rate of these patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was obtained from 27 patients, who fulfilled the criteria for ventilator-associated pneumonia. Samples underwent cytological and bacteriological analysis. Pathogens identified from culture... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Globalisation, religion and religiosity in Tanzania

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This article examines the impact of globalisation on religion and religiosity in Tanzania in the face of the neo-liberal ideology taking hold of the country. It focuses mainly on christian groups and denominations influenced by  pentecostalism in Tanzania. Thus, the discussion does not include other religions because since 1980s, it is evident that there has been an increase of new churches within christian groups. The main argument is that... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Yield and nutrient uptake of wheat (Triticumaestivum L) as influenced by different levels of nitrogen and foliar spray of nutrient mixture

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

A field experiment was conducted to study the “Yield and nutrient uptake of wheat (Triticumaestivum L) as influenced by different levels of nitrogen and foliar spray of nutrient mixture” during rabi2007-2008 and 2008-2009 at Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Allahabad Agricultural Institute-Deemed University Allahabad- India. The results show that highest grain and straw yield and nutrient content and uptake (NPK) was recorded... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

The influence of vocational education training image on students’ loyalty: Case study in Vietnam

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

A model of the dimensions that measure the way students perceive and think about the image of vocational education training (VET) was developed together with an instrument to measure the impact of VET’s image on students’ loyalty towards the VET sector in the Vietnamese context. The data were collected from 900 students: 300 in lower secondary school, 300 in upper secondary school and 300 in vocational education and training using a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The impact of colonial rule on the agricultural economy of Mbaise, Imo State, 1500-1960

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

At present, there is no reasonably full account of the economic history of Mbaise in Imo State, Nigeria. The reason for this is obvious. Among others, enough attention has not been given to economic and social developments of mini-polities that dot Igbo land, east of the Niger. Existing historical studies in the area though valuable, are politically biased as early scholars on African past concentrated on documenting political developments in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Ecological investigation of zooplankton abundance in the Bhoj wetland, Bhopal of central India: Impact of environmental variables

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Int. J. Fish. Aquac.

The influence of physicochemical properties of wetland, on its zooplankton composition and abundance were investigated for two years between February 2008 and January 2010. In both the years, total of 62 species of zooplankton were identified. At all the stations of the water body Rotifera recorded the highest percentage of 45% followed by cladocera (29%), Protozoa (13%), Copepoda and Ostracoda (8 and 4%) respectively. In terms of density, total... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Evaluation of raw water quality of Bosso Lake in North-Central Nigeria

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

This study focuses on the quality of water at Bosso Lake during the rainy season months of August to October. Water samples collected each month were examined for their physiochemical and bacteriological attributes. All the samples were obtained during the peak of the rainy season while traits such as nitrate concentration, pH values, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness, iron concentration, suspended solids, calcium hardness, total coliform... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Isolation, identification of Staphylococcus aureus from bovine milk and its antibiotics susceptibility

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

The isolation, identification of Staphylococcus aureus from bovine milk and its antibiotic susceptibility was studied. One milliliter of each freshly drawn milk sample was inoculated into 9 ml of sterile peptone water and incubated overnight. A loop full of peptone water broth was streaked on blood agar base enriched with sheep blood using the quadrant streaking method for each quarter. Blood agar plates were incubated aerobically at 37°C for 24... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Retrospect of post-colonial metropolitan planning in India: Critical appraisal

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Metropolitan planning after the six decades has evolved so much. Planning issues are not deviated from that much. Early urban planning was guided by their master plans. Four major metropolises of India namely Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai have formulated their master plans between mid sixties to late seventies. The paper tried to find out the evolution of the urban planning ideas from 1960s onward with respect to four Indian metropolises, to... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

A synchronic study of semantics in selected Akan choral compositions in Ghana

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

In the performance traditions of choral music in Ghanaian community, understanding the text of the music is but one facet of extremely important aspects in performance. Unfortunately, some of the texts of some recent choral music compositions lack linguistic semantic representations. Performers are only mindful of the rhythm, melody and its associated harmony without even if the meaning of the song is not clear to them. Some of these songs lack... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Science and technology capacity in Africa: A new index

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

In 2001, the RAND Corporation´s Science and Technology Policy Institute created an Index of Science and Technology Capacity for the World Bank, which ranked 150 countries on their potential to innovate and collaborate with more scientifically advanced nations. At that time, the African nation that ranked highest on the list was Mauritius, at number 59, and of the bottom 20 countries, 14 were African. In the ensuing years, some African nations... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Euthanasia: A fight for respect and autonomy

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

This study discusses an ethical dilemma on “Euthanasia”. The purpose of this study is to analyze the ethical controversies associated with euthanasia. This study will present an in-depth analysis of a clinical scenario with regard to the concept of health-related quality of life, patient’s autonomy, and other legal, social, and religious perspectives. A four quadrant approach is performed to analyze the scenario.   Key... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Performance of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) cultivars under varying dates of sowing in prevailing agro-climatic condition of North Bengal

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

To study the effect of dates of sowing and improved cultivars on growth and yield of summer sesame in North Bengal five different dates of sowing (10th February, 20th February, 2nd March, 12th March and 22nd March and three cultivars of sesame (Rama, Savitri and Tillotama) with three replications.  The highest (114.66 and 115.83 cm) plant height was recorded when sesame sown on 12th March (D4) and which was statistically at par with 2nd March... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 12

Malassezia pachydermatis presence in canine external otitis and dermatopathies

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

Malassezia pachydermatis is a commensal yeast of the skin and external ear canal of dogs and cats that may become an opportunistic pathogen under some conditions. The aim of this paper was to research the diseases which predispose to the development of opportunistic M. pachydermatis in dogs with external otitis or dermatopathies. The samples were collected by sterile swabs or by the carpet technique. Samples were obtained from the external ear canal... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Professional development needs of school principals in the context of educational reform

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

Retraining and upskilling of human resources in organizations are deemed vital whenever a reform takes place, or whenever a huge policy is being implemented on a comprehensive scale. In an education system, officers, principals, and teachers need to be retrained so as to enable them implement and manage new changes, which are manifested in the form of new policies and strategic development plan mooted by the government. This article presents a study... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Pancreatic response after treatment with 1,5-Bis(3,5- dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3-oxapentane diacetatocopper in rats

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

3,5-Dimethylpyrazole (U-6245) is a hypoglycemic and antilipolytic agent used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Complex 1,5-Bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3-oxapentane diacetatocopper was prepared in 2009. This study indicated that 1,5-Bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3- oxapentane-diacetatocopper has hypoglycemic properties by decreasing glucose level in blood but caused histopathological changes in the pancreas rats. Rats treated with... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Haemocytes and protein changes in Schistocerca gregaria after infection with nucleopolyhedrovirus

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Innate immune response in insects is essential to resist the infections of pathogens. The present study investigates the antiviral immune response against intracellular baculovirus infection in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. The desert locust was injected with nuclear polyhedral virus isolated from Spodoptera littoralis larvae collected from cotton and maize field in Giza governorates (SlNPV). Haemolymph was perfused 24 h post injection.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Creep deformation of fracture surfaces analysis in a hydraulically fractured reservoir using the finite element method

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering

J. Petroleum Gas Eng.

In this study, we develop a Galerkin-type finite element (FE) solution to assess the creep deformation of fracture surfaces. These surfaces are treated as comparatively compliant rocks which are separated by a comparatively stiff proppant pack. Viscoelastic properties of fracture surfaces are assessed by the temperature and deformation dependent modulus. The key challenge is to appropriately develop the creep and the relaxation functions which are... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Effect of sunflower stover and nutrients management on soil biological properties and available nitrogen and phosphorus at different stage of pigeonpea growth under pigeonpea-sunflower cropping system

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

A fixed plot field experiment was carried out during 2008-09 and 2009-10 at New Delhi, India to study the “effects of sunflower stover, nitrogen and phosphorus management on soil health under pigeonpea-sunflower cropping system’’. Kharif season experiment in the first year was laid out in split-plot design, assigning sunflower stover incorporation (8 t/ha) and no stover incorporation (control) to main plots and combination of P... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Population growth and gender time distribution in a small-open growth model

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This study proposes an endogenous population economic growth model with gender time distribution between work, children fostering and leisure. It deals with nonlinear dynamic interdependence between the birth rate, the mortality rate, the population, wealth accumulation, and time distribution. We model the production side and wealth accumulation on the basis of the Solow model. The population dynamics is influenced by the Haavelmo population model... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Aflatoxin management in Northern Ghana: Current prevalence and priority strategies in maize (Zea mays L)

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

The production and utilization of maize have increased tremendously across all regions of Ghana in recent times. However, aflatoxin (AF) contamination in grain maize has remained a critical food safety concern. The study was conducted in 6 districts in the Upper East and Upper West regions of Ghana to assess farmers’ knowledge on AF, and determine AF levels under farmer storage conditions. A total of 240 respondents from 24 communities were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

RNA Interference – A fine tuner of gene regulation: a Review

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

The discovery of RNA interference by Fire and Mello has opened up a new arena for research in molecular biology. The interfering RNAs (iRNAs) are 21-23 nucleotide RNA duplexes, which have the ability to reduce or abolish gene activity, and this property is being used in reverse genetics. Dicer and RISC (RNA-induced silencing complex) play important role in mechanism of RNA interference. The specificity, efficiency and potency make RNAi an attractive... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Influence of individual ethical orientation on tax compliance: Evidence among Ghanaian Taxpayers

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Even though Africa has constantly emphasized the need to reduce deficit financing through mobilization of more internal revenues, this has not been achieved. Perhaps encouraging voluntary tax compliance can improve internal revenue mobilization. This study explores the relationship between ethical orientation and tax compliance and finds that ethical persons are generally more tax compliant than unethical persons but are more influenced by... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Social marketing for women's health campaigns

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

The social marketing orientation seeks to potentialize public health campaigns using five principles: customer focus; focus on the benefits to customers; endeavouring to create value; involving the whole organisation in the process; being aware of customers’ difference. This article aims to identify the Social Marketing principles (and practices) in women’s health programme in the ABC Region, located in the Greater São Paulo,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

TOC, lean and six sigma: The missing link to increase productivity?

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

The objective of this study is to analyze the points of convergence and divergence between the Theory of Constraints, Lean Manufacturing and Six Sigma in an integrated manner when used for continuous improvement of manufacturing systems. This research also aimed to advance a better understanding of the fundamental principles of such methodologies by performing a comparative analysis of critical issues. The focus of discussion of this study was to... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 12

Comparative evaluation of clays from Abakaliki Formation with commercial bentonite clays for use as drilling mud

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The characteristics of clays from Abakaliki Formation, Southeastern Nigeria was evaluated to establish its suitability as drilling mud when compared with commercial bentonite such as Wyoming bentonite. The chemical, mineralogical and geotechnical properties were employed in assessing the suitability of Abakaliki clay as drilling mud. Mineralogically, the clays were all characterized as dominantly Illite as well as montmorillonite with low... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Competitiveness of smallholder legume production in South Kivu region, Democratic Republic of Congo

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

This study investigated the returns to legumes (common bean and soybean) and other principal crops (cassava, sweet potato and maize) in South Kivu, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from a randomly selected sample of 291 farmers who had participated in N2Africa project in the four Eastern D. R. Congo territories: Kabare (103), Kalehe (52), Mwenga (24) and Walungu (112). Gross margin and return... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 26

Impact of human population and household latrines on groundwater contamination in Igboora Community, Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, South-western Nigeria

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

In Nigeria, lack of good potable water has always been a major problem; hence many homes have wells as a source of water for household uses. The objectives of this study are to determine the predominant sources (human or livestock) of fecal pollution in wells and concentrations of fecal bacteria and pathogens in well water. Thirty Five samples of well water in different places in Igboora community were analyzed for Total Aerobic Bacteria Counts... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Yield, quality, kinetics and thermodynamics studies on extraction of Thevetia peruviana oil from its oil bearing seeds

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

The present research shows possibility of extracting Thevetia peruviana oil from its oil bearing seeds by cold and soxhlet extraction methods, using petroleum ether as extracting solvent at room temperature and 40 to 60°C respectively. Characterisation of the oil showed that the percentage oil yield, acid value, saponification value and viscosity increased as temperature of soxhlet extraction increased, while the specific gravity and iodine... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

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