Effects of treatment with fraction IV extract of Ximenia americana on the survival rate, packed cell volume and total plasma proteins of Trypanosoma congolense infected mice

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

The effect of treatment with fraction IV extract of Ximenia americana on the survival rate, packed cell volume and total plasma proteins of Trypanosoma congolense infected mice was investigated. Following infection with 104 T. congolense, the mice were treated with  25 mg/kg body weight fraction IV extract and 20 mg/kg body weight Diminazene aceturate, respectively, while a group was left untreated. Parasitaemia, packed cell volume, total... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Role of body mass index (BMI) on the oxygen saturation and apneic spells in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Data from the sleep disorder institute showed that subjects with similar apnea hypopnea index (AHI) but different body mass index (BMI) had no difference in oxygen saturation in rapid eye movement (REM) or non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Only 6 pairs of subjects were evaluated in the study and they were not age-matched. The objective of this study was to evaluate, in age-matched subjects, if there are any differences in oxygen saturation and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Internet-based interventions for pain management: A systematic review of randomised controlled trial (RCTs) conducted from 2010 to 2014

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Limited access to pain management programs was identified as one of the hindering factors in pain treatment. Several internet-based interventions have been developed to improve accessibility. A systematic review of trials of such programs in 2010 documented a preliminary promising effect.  A PubMed electronic search was used to identify a systematic randomized controlled trail (RCTs) published 1 January, 2010 to 4 November, 2014 that examined... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Prevelance of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

A cross sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar. A total of 384 fecal samples were examined by sedimentation and 124 (32.3%) were found positive for bovine fasciolosis. Risk factors such as site, sex, age, body condition score and breed were taken into consideration. Prevalence differed significantly between study sites... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Determinants of small ruminant farmers’ decision to participate in veterinary services in Northern Ghana

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

This study analysed the determinants of small ruminant farmers’ participation in veterinary services in Northern Ghana. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to collect data on 249 farm households in different locations in Northern Ghana. Analytical tools including frequencies, means and logistic regression model were used to analyse the data. The regression analysis indicates a positive relationship between participation in veterinary... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Client’s satisfaction with family planning services and associated factors among family planning users in Hossana Town Public Health Facilities, South Ethiopia: Facility-based cross-sectional study

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

Client satisfaction is considered as one of the desired outcomes of health care and it is directly related with utilization of health services. It reflects the gap between the expected and the experience of the service from the client’s point of view. The objective of this study was to assess clients’ satisfaction with family planning services and associated factors. Facility-based cross-sectional study that involved an exit interview... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Patients’ awareness of the relationship between smoking and periodontal diseases in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to investigate the patients’ awareness of the effects of smoking on periodontal health in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), and to compare with similar studies in UK and Nigeria. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on a convenience sample of 600 patients attending dental clinics of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy in 2014 using anonymous, self-completed, questionnaires. The questionnaire included mainly... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Determinants of technical efficiency in smallholder soybean production in Bomet District, Kenya

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Increased soybean productivity has great potential for alleviating the perpetual problems of food and nutrition insecurity, poverty and unemployment among the rural households in Kenya. This study analyses the determinants of technical efficiency in smallholder soybean production in a rural farm setting in Bomet District, Kenya. Technical efficiency in this case is the ability of the smallholder farmer to maximize soybean output from a given level... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Issa-Afar re-membering, re-presentation and dramaturgy of violence

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This paper presents the phenomenology of Issa-Afar protracted violence in Ethiopia from hitherto unexplored vintage points of remembering (subjective memory), re-presentation (narrative construction and re-construction of remembering), and dramaturgy (the discursive and performative utility) of violence. Issa-Afar violent conflict is one of the most protracted violent conflicts in the Horn of Africa that unabatedly perpetuated at least since the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The technical reviews of Ligeti Piano Etude No.4 Fanfares

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Ligeti’s etude Fanfares extends the technical skills demanded of the modern pianist and many incorporate completely new techniques. This etude, which was composed around 1985 consists of some of the most technically demanding issues composed for the piano in the last decades of the 20th century. Through the study of this work the pianist is pushed in new directions as Ligeti extends the limits of the pianistic borders. Key words: Ligeti,... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Thrombocytopenia and bleeding manifestations among patients with dengue virus infection in Port Sudan, Red Sea State of Sudan

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled. Laboratory-positive dengue cases were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of cultural knowledge on Iranian EFL students’ reading comprehension across male and female learners

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

Reading comprehension is the most important skill in the absence of oral communication opportunities in foreign language teaching situation. So, the effect of different factors on reading comprehension has been studied. One of these factors is "cultural familiarity" of a text. Is readers' comprehension influenced by "cultural familiarity" of a text? What is the difference between different gender groups in comprehension of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

This study investigated the causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools. Attrition refers to exit of teachers without replacement. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions guided the study and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample of the study was 785. The entire population of principals and technical teachers... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Oil multinationals and conflicts construction in oil-host communities in the Niger Delta

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Oil-host communities in the Niger Delta have for over two decades been enmeshed in violent conflicts. These conflicts have resulted in numerous deaths, destruction of properties and entire communities. The proliferation of violent conflicts in the Niger Delta is a departure from the history of social, political and economic relations in the region before and during colonial rule. The paper interrogates the trajectories of conflict in the Niger Delta... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Influence of different dates of sowing and spacings on growth and yield of scented rice cv. pusa sugandh-3 under temperate conditions of Kashmir

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

A field experiment was conducted during kharif seasons of 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of different dates of sowing and spacing on growth and yield of scented rice (Pusa sugandh -3) under temperate condition of Kashmir. The soil of the experimental field was silty clay loam in texture with neutral pH, low in available nitrogen and medium in available phosphorus and potassium. The experiment comprised of 9 treatments, viz D1S1 (15th... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in haemodialysis patients in Khartoum State, Sudan from 2012 to 2014

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

This study was carried out to detect occult hepatitis B virus (OHB) among haemodylsis patient in Khartoum State, Sudan. Antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), competitive ELISA to detect Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were used to analyze 100 plasma samples collected from patients in 3 hospitals... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Examining decision-making levels of athletes in team environment of socio-demographic variables

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of the present research is to examine decision-making levels of athletes of various branches in team environments in terms of socio-demographic variables. Research group consisted of 128 females, 178 males; a total of 306 athletes who play various sports. In order to collect data, 4-question “Personal Information Form” and “Melbourne Decision Making Scale” developed by Mann et al. (1998) were used. Collected data... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Induction and regeneration of somatic embryos from Vitex doniana (Lamiaceae) leaf explants

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating some of the factors that influence induction and regeneration of somatic embryos in Vitex doniana since there are no available reports on tissue culture of this tree species. Leaves from plants growing under temporary shed were cultured on Murashige and Skoog supplemented with silver nitrate and four amino acids (proline, tryptophan, lysine and leucine) at varying concentrations, 0.11 mg/l... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Diversity and distribution of species of Ganoderma in south western Cameroon

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

The genus Ganoderma is one of the most important group of Basidiomycetes due to their medicinal effects and also because they cause decay in a very wide range of tree species all over the world. Opportunistic sampling was used to collect 57 samples of Ganoderma from oil palm and other hosts for identification using comparative morphology and supported by molecular studies of the ITS and mtSSu gene regions. The objectives were to identify the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Purification and characterization of tryptophan and indole-3-acetic acid produced by Serratia marcescens strain MCB associated with Oscheius sp. MCB (Nematoda: Rhabditidae) obtained from South African soil

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) of the genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis are lethal to insect pests that attack plants. These EPNs are associated symbiotically with the two enterobacteria Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus sp., respectively. The bacteria synthesize a range of insecticidal and antimicrobial metabolites which may be useful as agricultural pest control and medical disease control. Recently, EPNs characterization and explanation have... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Antibacterial attributes of extracts of Phyllantus amarus and Phyllantus niruri on Escherichia coli the causal organism of urinary tract infection

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

In view of the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) worldwide, the increasing resistance of pathogenic bacteria to conventional antibiotics and their side effects, the aerial part and root of Phyllanthus amarus (Schum. and Thonn.) and Phyllanthus niruri (L.) were analysed for mineral and phytochemical constituents, and their ethanol extracts screened against five clinical isolates of Escherichia coli associated with UTI, to ascertain their... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Exploring the critical success factors (CSF) and limitations of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems: The case of Egyptian hotels

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

In recent times, service establishments have invested considerable resources in the implementation of Enterprise Resource. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are highly complex information systems. Many ERP implementations have been classified as failures because they did not believe in the importance of the key success factors of achieving a competitive advantage. This paper has the objective of getting insight into the major Critical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Computational sequence analysis and in silico modeling of a stripe rust resistance protein encoded by wheat TaHSC70 gene

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

TaHSC70 gene of Triticum sp. is an associate of the heat shock protein family and plays a significant role in stress-related and defense responses educed by contagion with stripe rust fungus through a Jasmonic acid dependent signal transduction pathway. Hence, understanding molecular structure and function of the protein coded by this gene is of paramount importance for plant biologists working on stripe rust. The present study was aimed at sequence... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Isolation and sequence analysis of a putative MerR-type-transcriptional regulator and a multidrug efflux protein of Bacillus circulans ATCC 21588: As potential targets of therapeutics

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Mercury-type transcriptional regulators (MerR-transcriptional regulator) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) transporters usually form an important sensor-response transport system in many microorganisms. This system has been shown to be involved in the regulation and transport (efflux) of a wide and diverse array of secondary metabolites including antimicrobial agents, dyes, chemicals, metals and evem harmful oxygen radicals. Inhibition or... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Lead uptake of water plants in water stream at Kiteezi landfill site, Kampala (Uganda)

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The purpose of this study was twofold: (i) to quantify the lead (Pb) uptake by two water plants reeds (Phragmites australis) and papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) in water stream at Kiteezi landfill site, Kampala (Uganda) and (ii) to compare the two species in Pb uptake downstream. As such, leachate samples were collected at the inlet and outlet of the waste water treatment plant (WWTP) at Kiteezi landfill site. A total of 6 plant samples of both plant... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Genetic diversity and trait association between growth, yield and seed component of Jatropha curcas (L.) source collection from Indian sub-continent

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Seventy-two Jatropha curcas clonal accessions, collected from different parts of India, were grown in randomized block design and evaluated for 13 characters. These showed significant differences in growth, yield and seed characteristics, except for number of primary branches per plant. The accessions AFRI-35, AFRI-52 and AFRI-56 showed above mean value for 12 growth, fruit and seed yield characters except for number of primary branches, seed width... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Agriculture germplasm resources: A tool of conserving diversity

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Three major physical resources in the world comprise land, water and the biological diversity. Agricultural biodiversity is an important component of biodiversity, which has a more direct link to the well being and livelihood of mankind than other forms of bio¬diversity. In fact, it is one of our most fundamental and essential resources, one that has enabled farming systems to evolve since the birth of agriculture about 10,000 years ago. Food... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Inclusion of sweet sorghum flour in bread formulations

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) has been studied as an additional source of raw material for production or partial replacement of foods due to its high fiber concentration. Its consumption is associated with the prevention of some diseases and nutritional benefits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the partial replacement of wheat flour by sweet sorghum flour in bread formulations in order to characterize the nutritional and physical... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 19

Teacher efficacy of Turkish Physical Education teachers

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The main purpose of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of the Teacher Efficacy Scale in Physical Education (TESPE) in Turkey's conditions, and to test if there are any differences in gender and teaching experience of Turkish PE teachers. Turkish version of the scale was administered to 257 physical education teachers (184 males and 73 females) from three cities in Turkey. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the scale... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Phytoplankton community structure and physico-chemical characteristics of streams flowing through an agro- plantation complex in Tiko, Cameroon

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

Large scale rubber, oil palm and banana plantations have replaced pristine coastal ecosystems in Tiko, Cameroon, through which freshwater flows. Agrochemical inputs into aquatic systems have the potential to influence phytoplankton community structure through adjustment of physico-chemical characteristics of water. Since plantation establishment in Tiko, Cameroon, no studies on the impacts of the agro-chemicals used on the aquatic ecosystems have... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Insecticidal activities and chemical composition of the essential oil from Tarchonanthus camphoratus (L.), leaves against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, and Sitophilus oryzae (L.)

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The essential oil of Tarchonanthus camphoratus dry leaves growing in Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa was obtained by hydrodistillation and evaluated for its repellent effect, contact and fumigation toxicity against both Sitophilus zeamais and Sarocladium oryzae. Chemical composition of the essential oil was analysed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The study revealed that the essential oil of T. camphoratus had no contact and fumigation... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 19

Genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for yield and yield related traits of Kabuli-type Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Ethiopia

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Chickpea is the major pulse crop cultivated in Ethiopia. However, its production is constrained due to genotype instability and environmental variability. This research was carried out to examine the magnitude of environmental effect on yield of chickpea genotypes and to investigate the stability and adaptability of genotypes under different agro-ecologies. Seventeen (17) genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 18

Effect of seasonal dynamics on the chemical properties of the soil of a Northern Guinea savanna ecosystem in Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Investigations were carried out into the effects of seasonal changes on some soil chemical properties in the Northern Guinea savanna ecosystem in Nigeria. The study was carried out in Kamuku National Park is located in Birnin Gwari of Nigeria in 2011and 2012. Twenty plots were randomly selected for soil sampling from 100 plots of 10 m × 10 m at four different seasons viz: January (dry season), May (beginning of rains), September (peak of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Seroprevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its effect on reproduction at Tellalak District of Afar region, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tellalak district of Afar region to determine the sero-prevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its association with major reproductive health problems. Serum samples (272 from goats and 142 from sheep) were collected from three randomly selected peasant associations along with a questionnaire survey. Animals above six months of age with no history of previous vaccination for brucellosis were randomly... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Weight changes and dietary habits among breast feeding mothers

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Women are often advised that lactation accelerates loss of the excess weight gained during pregnancy, but the evidence underlying this advice is sparse and conflicting. The aim of this study is to show the relation of full breast feeding with mothers' weight change, and to assess traditional practices in Iraqi population during breast feeding period. Longitudinal study was conducted in Babylon governorate, Iraq, during the period of 1 September,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effect of weed interference period on yield of transplanted tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum M.) in Guder West Shewa-Oromia, Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive cropping seasons (2013 and 2014) to estimate effect of weed interference period on transplanted tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum M.) in Guder West Shewa, Ethiopia. The experiment consisted of 14 treatments laid out in RCBD with three replications. From the total weed species, 81.81% were broadleaved weeds whereas 9.09 and 9.1% were sedges and grass weeds, respectively. During 2014 cropping season... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Combining ability and heterosis estimate of extra-early quality protein maize (QPM) single cross hybrids

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Six extra-early quality protein maize (QPM) inbred lines from IITA were investigated using a partial diallel cross design. The objectives were to assess the hybrids and their parents for their agronomic performance. The six parents along with their hybrids (15) were evaluated using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications per site in four locations. General combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Audit expectation gap and MBA accounting students’ knowledge on auditor(s)’ responsibilities: Evidence from a public university in Kumasi Ashanti Region of Ghana

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Auditing has become a critical indispensable part of business and corporate life in today’s world and it is receiving great entrenchment in national legal status of almost every nation. However, there are evidences that suggest that users of financial statements and the public at large do not have knowledge about auditors’ responsibilities and this has resulted in what has become known as audit expectation gap. This study sought to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Agriculture – Industry linkages in the economy of Jammu and Kashmir India

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Agriculture serves as a primary sector of an economy which laid foundation for other sectors of an economy and with the support of industry sector the territory sector came in to existence. Thus the collective support of Agriculture and industry sector uplifts the economy and a sustainable growth of an economy is governed. The inter-linkage between Agriculture and industry sector from different aspects not only bring growth to these two sectors but... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Culture in society, society in culture: Understanding threads of cultural-social dialectic

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper aims at exploring the provinces of social and cultural dialectical threads. In doing so, it offers an account of (1) why it is quite often confusingly believed that there is a methodological and epistemological “difference” between social and cultural ones[i], and (2) how this belief cloaks some inherent weaknesses and obstacles to change. It is, therefore, within this rationale that this paper locates both its hypothesis and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The prevalence of oro-dental anomalies among 14-17 years students in Panchkula District Haryana, India

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of oro-dental anomalies among 14 to 17 years students in Panchkula District Haryana, India. Oral examination among 3248 students (1608 males and 1640 females) aged 14 to 17 years in Panchkula District of Haryana was carried out in 18 secondary and intermediate schools. Oro-dental developmental anomalies seen in 946 students represents 29.1% of the studied sample, 42.1% males and 57.9% females;... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Captions resources and library patronage by hearing impaired students in university libraries of South-south Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study investigated the availability of Captions Resources and Library Patronage by Hearing Impaired Students in University Libraries of South-South Nigeria. One research question and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study and were tested at .05 level of significance. Survey research design was employed. The population for the study was 57 hearing impaired students from 10 universities in South-south Nigeria. Purposive sampling... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Interactivity and cyber democracy: The case of Zimbabwe’s online newspapers

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

This paper discusses the potential for promoting cyber-democracy through interactivity on news websites. The paper views interactivity and cyber-democracy on the online arena as central to free expression. The paper argues that the Internet is endowed with possibilities to promote the threefold ideal for public deliberations, that is, a conducive virtual environment for interactivity, cyber-democracy and a broadened public sphere. A content analysis... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effects of different NaCl Concentrations on germination and seedling growth of Amaranthus hybridus and Celosia argentea

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Salinity refers to the salt content of any given system. By nature, arid soils are naturally saline. Soils could also acquire salinity due to some agricultural practices like irrigation. There is need therefore for search on halophytes that could adapt to such soils and be used to reclaim soils contaminated with salts. Thus, this present study focused on investigating Amaranthus hybridus and Celosia argentea with respect to their potentials and... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Review on lactic acid bacteria function in milk fermentation and preservation

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This review was conducted to find out the main function of lactic acid bacteria in milk fermentation and preservation. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a group of Gram-positive, non-spore forming, cocci or rods, which produce lactic acid as the major end product during the fermentation of carbohydrates. LAB includes Lactobacillus, Lactococus, Streptococcus and Leuconostoc species. The presence of LAB in milk fermentation can be either as spontaneous... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Urinary schistosomiasis: Water contact frequency and infectivity among school aged pupil/students in Umukabia Community of Ehime Mbano Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

A study was conducted among 108 students and pupils of four selected schools in Umukabia Community in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo State, Nigeria using their activities at Efuru and Okparadibia streams. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information on water contact frequency and aetiology of the disease. Schistosoma haematobium ova detection was achieved by the microscopy. Results revealed that there was no significant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

“I am very much afraid of its side effects by listening to what people say”: Reasons Ghanaian women do not use contraception

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

There is a large unmet need for contraception in Ghana, despite many forms of family planning being highly available and a near universal knowledge of contraception among Ghanaian women. This study sought to qualitatively investigate reasons for low-use of contraception in Ghana. Interviews were conducted with 18 women being treated for complications resulting from unsafe abortions to ascertain their views on contraception usage. Thirty healthcare... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influence of demographic variables on business education students’ choice of secretarial option in colleges of education in the North-west geo-political zone, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The paper examined the influence of demographic variables on business education students’ choice of secretarial option in colleges of education in the North-west geo-political zone, Nigeria. Three null hypotheses were generated for the study. The descriptive research design was used for the study. A self-designed questionnaire was used to elicit responses from the respondents. Section A of the instrument dealt with the demographic data of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Antiprotozoal and cytotoxic activities, and the acute toxicity of extracts from of Brucea sumatrana Roxb. (Simaroubaceae) leaves collected in Mai-Ndombe, Democratic Republic of Congo

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

Results from the in vitro evaluation of the antiprotozoal activity of the aqueous extract, the 80% methanol extract and its fractions from the leaves of Brucea sumatrana against Trypanosoma brucei brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, Lesihmania infantum, the multidrug-resistant K1 and chloroquine-sensitive NF54 strains of Plasmodium falciparum indicated that all samples from the leaves extract presented interesting antiprotozoal activity at different extents.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Potential biodegradation of low density polyethylene (LDPE) by Acinetobacter baumannii

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

Acinetobacter baumannii was isolated from municipal landfill area, Pallikaranai, Chennai, Tamilnadu. The degradation ability of the bacteria was determined by performing Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The by-products of polyethylene degradation were monitored by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) analysis. The toxicity of degradation by-products of low density polyethylene (LDPE) was tested on the plant Vigna radiata by... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Back in the U.S.S.R: A Case Study of English/Russian bilingualism using the model of a flexible bilingual spectrum

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

The fields of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and bilingualism are combined in this study to describe language experience using a flexible bilingual spectrum model in which political, economic and social factors are used to analyze levels of bilingualism. A native Russian speaker who learned English in the U.S.S.R. is interviewed and the results are analyzed in a case study, showing the language experience analysis may be enhanced using impact... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Drug situation in Iran, with emphasis on content analysis of newspapers

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Addiction damages compensation for the non-acceptance of the human population is below the break in economic, social, political, cultural life, increased crime and insecurity. Growing trend of drug abuse and promotion has occupied the mind. It is currently research in recent years. To get rid of addiction requires scientific and practical investigation. This study aims to describe how drug is used in the provinces of Iran using content analysis. In... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Tourism: A viable option for pro poor growth in Gamo Gofa Zone? Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

The research ‘Tourism: A Viable Option for Pro Poor Growth in Gamo Gofa Zone?  Southern Ethiopia’ attempted to uncover how far tourism development is emerged to be a viable option for pro poor growth. The study is confined to Arba Minch town, Nech Sar National Park, Crocodile Ranch and Dorze Cultural Village. Qualitative and quantitative research strategies; household survey design, multi stage, purposive and simple random sampling... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

New Public Management (NPM): A dominating paradigm in public sectors

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

New Public Management (NPM) system hasbeen the dominant paradigm inpublic administration theory and practice since 1980s, having its affinity with markets and private sector management as the old administrative model has been under severe criticisms for its inability to deliver goods and services to the people. NPM is depicted as a normative conceptualization totally different in many ways from traditional public administration, providing services... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Beautiful skin hides all faults - Effects of body satisfaction on self-esteem and shyness in Japanese female youths

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This study examined the influence of satisfaction from each body part in Japanese female youths on self-esteem and shyness. We hypothesized that body satisfaction in each body part has influence on shyness (social anxiety, social passivity) through self-esteem; and examined the hypothesis using path analysis. As a result, only the body satisfaction of "skin" has been shown to affect shyness and self-esteem. We conclude that body... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Preparing agricultural product marketing for the new AEC market: A case study for improving the marketing organization for farmers in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) will be established in 2015 providing challenges both advantageous and otherwise to the agricultural economy of Thailand. The Marketing Organization for Farmers (MOF) intends to develop an integrative business model based on contract farming of native rice turned into a unique product. This study explored the unique agricultural product especially native rice Kiaw Ngu native glutinous rice variety (GS No. 8974) and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influence of occupational work movement on traditional dance motifs: A survey of the Zaria Hausa ethnic group in northern Nigeria

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Historically, a greater understanding of the role of dance in society has superseded the exact meaning of the symbolic movement of each dance motif. This paper intends to relate movements used in daily activities to the dance motifs prevalent within traditional Hausa society in Zaria. Data were collected through interviews and physical observations of Hausa dance in Zaria. Findings indicated a definite relationship between everyday movement and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

The Kamerun society: A missing link in the independence struggle in the British Southern Cameroons, 1956–61

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The history of the liberation struggle in Cameroon is a half written story. Like in the history of Africa, many of the actors in this struggle have been deliberately or inadvertently written off and/or forgotten. This explains why the Kamerun Society (KS) is seldom mentioned in most colonial Cameroon historiography. In passing, some actors in the politics of the period made reference to the KS dismissing it as a group having nothing but mischief to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Rethinking the water dimension of large scale land acquisitions in sub-Saharan Africa

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

There is a new phenomenon in developing countries where land previously used by communities is being taken over by foreign investors (mostly from Europe, America, China, Gulf States, and other non-western countries) and governments for agriculture, mining and other economic projects. Findings from several studies have so far pointed to the controversial impact of large scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) on affected communities. LSLAs go along with... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Life of Pi: Into the Divine, the Hard Way, or: Why the Tiger Didn’t Bite

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This analysis of Yann Martel’s Life of Pi examines extraordinary elements of this famed novel; it examines it as an avant-garde montage, a new fable, A tableau of the weird and fantastic—in other words, a book outside the realm of normal novelistic portrayal and exposition. In one important sense, this novel is a combination of the fictional and the factual, which can be understood as transacting modes in a single paradigm,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Subscription Form