Globalization, Culture mutation and new identity: Implications for the Igbo cultural heritage

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The paper engages in globalization debate to explore culture mutation and resurgent new identity in the periphery societies of Africa. It focuses on the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria. The study of Igbo culture mutation is particularly interesting because 'traditional' scholarship presents the people as 'acephalous','egalitarian' and “republican”. It locates culture mutation within a social organization of culture... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Environmental human faecal contamination in pig raising in Soroti district of Uganda: A short communication

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Environmental faecal contamination is the defecation on the ground or failure to dispose faeces into the latrine; it could be because of lack of latrines or even a deliberate shunning of latrines. This contamination is a worldwide problem that is perhaps exercabating parasitic neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).The vice enables the lifecycle of parasitic zoonoses like taeniasis which is associated with neuro-cysticercosis (NCC) in the pig raising... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Genetics of drought tolerance in common bean genotypes adapted to Ugandan conditions

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important source of food and income for majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, bean production in Uganda is being affected by drought which has resulted from recent changes in climate. Developing high-yielding and drought-tolerant bean cultivars would significantly contribute to increased and stable yields in drought-prone environments. However, prior research was not focused on breeding for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Ethnocentrism: Significance and effects on Kenyan society

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This study investigates the significance and effects of ethnocentrism in the Kenyan society. The usual concept of ethnocentrism combines the belief that one’s culture is superior to other cultures with the practice of judging other cultures as inferior to one’s own culture. This concept does not address the underlying issue of why people do this but emphasizes that people make false assumptions based on their own limited experience about... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Distribution of enteric bacterial pathogens among patients with gastrointestinal tract infections and food vendors in Lagos, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Stool samples from 2,200 patients with gastrointestinal tract (GIT) infections and 900 apparently healthy food vendors were collected in Lagos, Nigeria and examined to determine incidence and distribution of bacterial pathogens using standard microbiological methods. The isolates recovered were identified to belong to seven genera which include Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Proteus, Klebsiella, Vibrio and Enterobacter. Salmonella typhi was the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of polyunsaturated fatty acids... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Study on molecular characterization of rabies virus N gene segment from different animal species in the Sultanate of Oman

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The present study was conducted to determine the molecular characterization of nucleoprotein (N) gene segment of the rabies virus (RV) in Sultanate of Oman. A portion of nucleotide sequence of N gene was amplified from the brains of 4 rabid animals (two goats, one sheep, and one camel) collected during 2011 to 2012, through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The nucleotide sequences of the gene were subjected to molecular and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Living in bondage: A dream deferred or a promise betrayed for Igbo linguistic and cultural renaissance?

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

When the seminal home video movie, Living in Bondage, burst into the market and Nigerian homes in 1991, it literally hit the ground running! It was such an instant hit that it caused a revolution in the Nigerian movie industry akin to the literary revolution set off by Chinua Achebe with Things Fall Apart fifty-six years ago. One aspect of the novelty, mystic, charm and great promise of the great movie was that it was rendered in Igbo language with... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Application of ICTs in family planning and birth control in Awka-South L.G.A, Anambra State, Nigeria

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The power of information and communication technology in information dissemination cannot be overemphasized. ICTs are the new technologies that have significantly changed today’s landscape by being a driving force that stimulates developmental change in digital age. This great transformation has served as a tool for information dissemination in the world and has carried information on family planning and birth control to Nigerian citizens.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Comprehending rural market environment

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

Rural markets are gold mines paved with thrones. With mammoth size of 833 million populations residing in 640867 villages, rural India offers huge untapped potentiality for any marketer. There is wide disparity in village population range from less than 200 to more than 10000. The main occupation of majority of rural population is agriculture and allied activities that signify main source of income. Rural consumers spend more on food items as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding globalization debate, according to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Mycoflora associated with Masakwa sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L) moench) in the North Eastern part of Nigeria

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

A laboratory study was conducted at the Department of Crop Protection, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria to assess the incidence of seed-borne fungi and their effects on seed germination of Masakwa sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Three varieties (Bulwana, Adjaama and Buruu) used were collected from different locations namely Bama, Dikwa and Konduga of Borno State, Nigeria. About 34.9% of the seeds were infected by different species of fungi obtained from... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Basic biology and therapeutic application of stem cells in various human and animal diseases

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

Stem cells are a population of precursor cells that are capable of developing into many different cell types in the body. They are unspecialized cells that can give rise to specialized cells and capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods. Based on the potency, stem cells can be totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, oligopotent, unipotent and based on source it can be divided as embryonic, fetal, adult, amniotic fluid, cord blood,... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 4

Isolation and identification of Mannhemia and Pasturella species from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle and their antibiogram susceptibility pattern in Bedelle District, Western Ethiopia

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The study was conducted from October 2012 to April 2013 at Bedelle district, Western Ethiopia. The aim was to isolate Mannheimia and Pasteurella species, and to assess the associated risk factors from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle, and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the isolates. Out of 329 samples from animals (185 nasal swabs from clinic and 144 lung tissues abattoir) examined, 50.2% was found to be positive to the disease. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Influence of traumatic event(s) and location of residence on fear of crime: A case study of undergraduate students in Nigeria

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This study investigated the influence of experienced traumatic event(s) (High/Low) and place of residence (on campus/off campus) on level of fear of crime among university students. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design and gathered data from a randomly selected 281 University students. The sample comprises 184 (65.5%) males and 97 (34.5%) females. Hypotheses generated were tested using inferential statistics. The results showed that... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Effect of infection by Metarhizium anisopliae isolate ICIPE 51 on developmental stage, fecundity and intrinsic rate of increase of Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

This study assesses the pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae isolate ICIPE 51 against different nymphal instars and adults of Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum and investigates effects of fungal infection on fecundity and intrinsic rate of aphid increase. To obtain different developmental stages, adult aphids were inoculated onto fresh leaf discs, reproducing parthenogenetically. Rearing was carried out to ensure different... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Computational calculation of the electronic and magnetic properties of 1x1-MN/GaN (M = V, Cr and Mn) multilayers

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

We employed density functional theory (DFT) in order to study the electronic and magnetic properties of 1x1-MN/GaN (M = V, Cr, and Mn) multilayers, in the wurtzite-type hexagonal structure. The calculations were carried out using a method based on full-potential linearized augmented plane waves (FP-LAPW), employed exactly as implemented in Wien2k code. For the description of the electron-electron interaction, generalized gradient approximation (GGA)... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 24

Geothermal Energy

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

The term Geothermal originates from two Greek words 'GEO' and 'THERM'. The Greek word ‘geo’ means the earth whilst their word for ‘therm’ means heat from the earth. Geothermal energy is energy derived from the heat of the earth. The earth’s centre is a distance of approximately 4000 miles and is so hot that it is molten. Temperatures are understood to be at least 5000°C. Heat from the centre of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Use of pectin in the postharvest conservation of tangerine

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the postharvest behavior of tangerine coated with different pectin concentrations during storage under controlled temperature (22°C ± 0.1). Fruits with green color (± 90% of the surface) were divided into four groups: fruits without any coating (T1) and fruits coated with pectin solution at 4 g / 100 g (T2), 6 ml / 100 ml (T3) and 8 g / 100 ml (T4). Tangerines were evaluated during the... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 52

Challenges of teacher leadership in a Saudi school: Why are teachers not leaders?

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

Teaching as a legitimate profession where teachers could practice their leadership agency as leaders has been under debate over the last two decades. The support for teachers' inclusion in the development of schools as well as their leadership is numerous and varies. There seems to be a few when it comes to teacher leadership in the Saudi context. Teachers' professional identity as a downgraded profession leads to the status of the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 24

Evaluation of the agronomic potentials of swine waste as a soil amendment

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the agronomic potentials of different rates of swine waste on soil properties, maize growth and yield. Four rates of swine waste namely 0, 7, 13 and 27 t ha-1 were laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) and replicated three times at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, South East... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 51

Fusarium branch blight on highbush blueberry in Argentina

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

In Argentina, highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is grown in Tucumán, Entre Ríos and Buenos Aires provinces. In the 2010 to 2011 cropping season, a new disease with 10% incidence was observed on the foliage of “Emerald” plants in Concordia, Entre Rios. Symptoms included acropetal blight and premature branch death. Leaves remained attached and showed tan to brown discoloration. A fungal species was isolated from... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 51

Mixed contaminant interactions in soil: Implications for bioavailability, risk assessment and remediation

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Majority of contaminated sites in the world contain complex mixtures of heavy metals and organic contaminants from diverse natural processes and anthropogenic activities. Mixed interactions of heavy metals and organic contaminants may affect their bioavailability and accumulation in soil and biota through synergistic or antagonistic processes. Evaluation of contaminant bioavailability is a necessary component of the overall site assessment process... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 12

Primordial radionuclides in potable water from former tin-mining areas with elevated activity

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

The activity concentrations of the primordial radionuclides in potable water from 2 former mining areas (Bisichi and Bukuru) in Jos, Plateau state in Nigeria have been studied. The activities were determined by a non-destructive analysis using a computerized gamma ray spectrometry system with high purity germanium (HPGe). The results show the average activity concentrations for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K for Bukuru and Bisichi to be respectively 1.20... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Queue size comparison for standard transmission control protocol variants over high-speed traffics in long term evolution advanced (LTE-A) network

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

The employment of the existing protocols such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) cannot achieve the requirements of high-speed networks such as long term evolution advanced (LTE-A) due to the large-bandwidth and low-latency links used in this network. LTE-A network is the continuation of 3GPP-LTE (3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project) and it is targeted to advanced development of the requirements of LTE in terms of throughput and coverage.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Patients’ perception and expectations of services provided by pharmacists in Ghanaian hospitals

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

A customer’s perceived value of service has been identified as one of the most important drivers of satisfaction. Using a cross-sectional survey among out-patients with a chronic disease in Ghana, this study assessed their perception on the role of the hospital pharmacist, their expectation of services provided by the hospital pharmacist and the factors encouraging them to speak to the hospital pharmacist. This was a cross-sectional survey of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 46

Land reform and deforestation in the Gish Abbay Area: A historical perspective

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The Gish Abbay area is among one of the environmentally most affected areas where environmental deterioration has prevailed. A lot of factors have contributed to this negative development. The major ones are rapid population growth, poverty and inappropriate forest and land related laws and legislations. Among others, however, this paper attempted to highlight how government land policy over many years was responsible for deforestation in the area.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Study on occurrence and importance of faba bean diseases with special consideration to the newly emerging “faba bean gall” in Tigray, Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Faba bean is one of the most important crops in Ethiopia. The production of the crop is, however, constrained by several disease infections including fungal diseases. A survey was conducted in 2013 to assess the occurrence and importance diseases affecting faba bean in south Tigray. The observed diseases were gall, chocolate spot, ascochyta blight, alternaria leaf spot, black root rot and rust in order of their prevalence. The overall mean... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 50

Assessment of genetic diversity of a critically endangered important medicinal plant Chlorophytum borivilianum in different agro-climatic regions of India revealed by random amplified polymorphic primer (DNA Marker)

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Chlorophytum borivilianum (Family: Liliaceae), an important threatened medicinal herb is designated as ‘Rare’ in Red Data Book of Indian plants. In this study, random amplified polymorphic primer DNA (RAPD) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity in six genotypes of C. borivilianum collected from different geographical regions of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand. Out of the 86 bands, 45 were found to be polymorphic and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The relating level of teacher candidates based on scientific information with their daily lives: A case of Atatürk and Caucasian universities

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this research is to determine and compare candidate teachers’ level of relating scientific information with their daily lives. The teachers were studying in the 1st and 4th classes in Atatürk and Caucasian Universities, Education Faculty, Elementary School Science Teaching Department during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research was carried out on a sampling group made of 120 individuals. Survey of science and technology... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Seed pre-treatment methods for improving germination of Acacia tortilis

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Acacia tortilis (Forsk.) Hayne is considered as an important dryland tree species in Africa and Middle East, and establishing an effective and efficient seed-germination method is considered necessary for producing planting materials. In this study, new germination method was compared with some of the previously reported methods and evaluated in A. tortilis. In the new method, root setting was observed within 3 days and the final germination... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 50

Assessment of free radical scavenging activities of leaves and stem fractions of green leafy vegetables

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Green leafy vegetables (GLVs) symbolize a class of low cost, neglected plants that are known to be wealthy spring of natural antioxidants. In the present study, the phytochemical and radical scavenging activities of both stem and leaf fractions of 20 commonly consumed GLVs of tropical India were evaluated using different systems of assays like total antioxidant assay, ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP), 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH),... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 45

Production practices and constraints of pig farms in N’Djamena area, Chad

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Practices and constraints of pig farming in the area of N'Djamena were submitted to transversal and retrospective and longitudinal investigation. The study concerned a sample of 176 farmers, divided in 4 of the 5 districts where pigs are raised in N'Djamena and 12 surrounding villages. The survey rate was 12% in N’Djamena and 20% in the suburban area. The monitoring concerned 8 farms in the city and 7 at its periphery during one year.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 12

Analysis of seed quality: A nonstop evolving activity

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The enhancement of the production processes and increasing demand for high-quality seeds, has led the seed quality control companies to technically improve their activities. Due to this demand, we searched to improve tests related to physiological seed quality, aiming to obtain analysis results that are more consistent with the findings related to field conditions, providing information about the possibilities of the seeds in producing vigorous and... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 49

Optimization of in vitro regeneration and microcorm induction in elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius)

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius) is a vegetatively propagated stem tuber crop. In this investigation we describe a highly competent and reproducible in vitro propagation of the plant from corm bud, petiole and young leaf explants. Friable callus was initiated from all the explants on modified MS medium (half the concentration of NH4NO3 and KNO3) supplemented with 0.5 mg l-1 each of benzyl amino purine (BAP), α-naphthalene... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 49

Genetic diversity and adaptation to different tillage and farming systems of cocoyam genotypes (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) in the Eastern Region of Ghana

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Experiments conducted in Ghana show that cocoyam exists as mixtures of clones in farmers farms. This work aimed to use RAPD markers to determine the extent of diversity in cocoyam genotypes collected from farms at different locations in the Eastern region of Ghana. The study also investigated whether the genotypes have different adaptation to different farming systems (intercropping with plantain and sole cropping) and tillage methods (mounds and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Prioritization and cost and returns analyses of selected non-timber forest products in Yobe State, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This article describes cost and returns analysis of first five preferred Sahel savanna non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Yobe State, Nigeria. The results demonstrate that households in Yobe State could realize NGN2,898.48 and NGN142,615.49 from the NTFPs as the least and maximum gross margins (household incomes) respectively. Gross margin ratio of households across all the study sites ranged from 0.925 to 0.980, and that from individual study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Farmer perceptions of aflatoxin management strategies in lower Eastern Kenya

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

Aflatoxins pose a serious problem to maize grains, rendering them unsuitable for human and livestock consumption. This study assessed farmers’ attitude toward, and knowledge and perceptions of, the nature, causes and use of biological technologies in aflatoxin control in Embu, Machakos, Makueni and Kitui Counties of Kenya. A total of 480 households were randomly selected from two districts per county using a GPS system. The tools used in the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The roots of the Indian women’s movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women’s organizations. Women started forming their own organization from the end of the nineteenth century first at the local and then at the national level. In 1946, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women’s participation in tebhaga movement... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Looking at ‘Modern India’ IN Mark Tully’s NO FULL STOPS IN INDIA and NON- STOP INDIA

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Mark Tully’s books, No Full Stops in India (1992) and Non Stop India (2011) are telling commentaries on the situation of post-independent India. Central to both books is the question of Indian ‘modernity’ or ‘development’ after independence, and in this regard they explore various aspects of Indian society, economy, politics and religion. The aim of this paper is to analyse how India has been pictured in these stories.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

Analysis of the current democratic wave in the Arab world: Lessons and implications

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The Arab world which occupies the vast desert land of the Middle East is one of the most blessed in natural resources and with a peculiar socio-political setting distinct from the West. This oil rich region which has over the years been governed by monarchical rule witnessed an unrest that started at the end of 2010 attracting interest in the western democracies, in the middle and near eastern nations, whose instability will compel changes in... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Animal health constraints in dairy goats kept under smallholder farming systems in Kongwa and Mvomero Districts, Tanzania

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

  This study was conducted to determine animal health constraints for dairy goats kept by small-scale farmers in Kongwa and Mvomero districts, Tanzania. A total of 129 dairy goats belonging to 108 farmers were screened for gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection, coccidiosis, haemoparasites, brucellosis and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) over a period of 11 months. Other clinical diseases and mortalities were recorded. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Epidemiology of malaria among children aged 1 to 15 years in Southeast Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

An epidemiological survey was conducted on prevalence of malaria among children aged 1-15yrs in south east Nigeria. A total of 498 children were surveyed for malaria and other morbidity indicators. Out of these, 369 which include 195 (52.8%) males and 174 (47.2%) females were from experimental household and 129, including 66 (51.2%) males and 63 (48.8%) females from control household. Before the deployment of Lambdacyhalothrin-treated household... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Profit efficiency of dairy farmers in Kenya: An application to smallholder farmers in Rift Valley and Central Province

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The dairy industry in Kenya is an important source of livelihood among the smallholder farmers who supply over 70% of the total milk. However, there is a growing concern on rising costs of milk production among farmers. The study assessed profit efficiency of smallholder dairying in the Rift Valley and Central Provinces of Kenya using stochastic frontier analysis for estimating farm level profit efficiency and identifying the specific determinants... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

An appraisal of climate change and agriculture in Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Climate change is a phenomenon that has the potential of affecting all natural and human systems and may be a threat to human development. This is particularly the case in developing countries. This paper is a theoretical article that uses secondary sources of data including weather events that occurred recently to appraise climate change and agriculture in Nigeria. The results have shown that human activities are largely responsible for climate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 9

Anatomy of the periodontium: A biological basis for radiographic evaluation of periradicular pathology

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

  The periodontium surrounds and supports the teeth and consists of four major components; gingiva, periodontal ligaments, cementum/dentin, and alveolar bone/lamina dura, with collective function of keeping the tooth in position despite varying changes and responses during mastication. A near-normal radiograph of periradicular tissues was used as the basis for evaluation of some common periradicular radiographic pathologies. Apical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Relationship between occupational skills provided to Polytechnic Diploma Engineers by BTEB and requirement of industry in Bangladesh

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The objective of this study was to find the relationship between the occupational skills provided to polytechnic diploma engineers by BTEB (Bangladesh Technical Education Board) and requirement of industries in Bangladesh. Questionnaires were sent to Managers and diploma graduates of industries around Dhaka and Gazipur, teachers of Dhaka polytechnic institute, officers of BTEB and DTE (Directorate of Technical Education) to find out the extent to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Interactivity in Saudi online journalism

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The research aims to investigate the interactivity of four Saudi Online Journals. Two of these online journals were the Riyadh and Okaz Online Journals, which are also found in the printed versions. However, the other two journals used in this research paper are the Alweeam and Sabq Journals, which do not have print versions, and are only published online. The data were collected based on an analysis of the existing content and research on the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Response of chips from different varieties of yam to larger grain borer (LGB) (Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: bostrichidae) infestation

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Laboratory studies were conducted at the University of Port Harcourt to evaluate the response of dried yam chips as a host for Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). The test was conducted using four improved yam varieties namely; Adaka, Ame, Nwokpoko and Obiaturugo. Ten grams of each substrate of the dried yam chips were placed in plastic containers of 300 ml and each container was infested with three pairs of one to three days... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Correlates of examination malpractice among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlates of examination malpractice among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria. The instrument used for the study was tagged Predisposing Factors towards Examination Malpractice Questionnaire (PFTEMQ). The instrument was administered to 300 students randomly selected from 20  multi staged selected secondary schools of five randomly selected local government areas of the state, whereby... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Development of genodynamic metrics for exploring the biophysics of DNA polymorphisms

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) represent an important type of dynamic sites within the human genome. These common variants often locally correlate within more complex multi-SNP haploblocks that are maintained throughout generations in a stable population. Information encoded in the structure of SNPs and SNP haploblock variation can be characterized through a normalized information content metric. Genodynamics is being developed as the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Attenuation of allergic airways inflammation by an extract of Hymenocardia acida

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology

J. Physiol. Pathophysiol.

Tracheal hyperresponsiveness, airway mucus production and bronchoalveolar inflammation are the major components of asthma. Here, we aim to investigate the role in the control of asthma of a bioactive plant extracted from Hymenocardia acida in a physiological and pathophysiological model. The effect of H. acida crude extract (HACE) on total cellular components of bronchoalveolar (BAL) fluids was performed on ovalbumin (OVA) and lipopolysaccaride... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Biosecurity practices in Central Ethiopian cattle feedlots: Its implication for live cattle export

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Biosecurity is the implementation of measures that reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of disease agents. Biosecurity is a cornerstone of herd health maintenance in export-oriented feedlots. The aim of this study was to document current biosecurity practice in export-oriented cattle feedlots in Central Ethiopia and to discuss its implication for live cattle export. In this study 31 export-oriented cattle feedlots found in central Ethiopia... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 11

Impact of computer technology on health: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

In today’s society, the use of computer as a tool at workplaces, academic institutions, recreation facilities and homes has become very common. It is estimated that globally, about 45 to 70 million people spend hours staring into a video display terminal, popularly known as computer screen. Several studies, mainly in developed countries, have shown an association between computer use and visual health related symptoms (Computer Vision... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Runge kutta to precise the detection of lesion for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image

Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research

J. Electrical Electron. Eng. Res.

In this paper, we translate non linear model to linear one and used numerical analysis: “Runge kutta4 (RK4)” is mathematical solutions to study the approximation’s solutions of ordinary differential equations, then pass to the statistical study for multiple regression to applied anova technique and with it, we extract the place of the lesion on medical image MRI by two ways: Distribution of gaussien curve (hypothesis test of ho)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The relationships between motivation type and sport participation among students in a South African context

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

Reasons for participation in sport differ and intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and even amotivation can influence the decision. In the South African context, little research has been done on the differences of motivation among male and female students to participate in sport. This study sought to understand the relationship between certain motivation drivers and sport participation. It also explored the gender variable and whether there... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Who are ‘non-traditional students’? A systematic review of published definitions in research on mental health of tertiary students

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The term ‘non-traditional students’ is commonly used in higher education research and yet its definition has been unclear. This study systematically reviewed 45 definitions of ‘non-traditional student’ in mental health research conducted within the higher education context using a standardised data extraction and appraisal tool. Findings suggested a wide range of variations on how this term was defined. Thirteen different... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 22

Vaginal colonization and resistance profile of group B Streptococcus among pregnant women in Yaoundé Gynecology, Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Cameroon

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research

J. Clin. Med. Res.

In order to obtain reliable data on vaginal carriage of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women and to formulate a prevention program of neonatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease, we carried out a prospective cross sectional study for 6 months. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of vaginal carriage and the resistance profile of GBS. The study involved 142 pregnant women presenting for antenatal care in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Cost effectiveness analyses of influenza A (H1N1) vaccination programs: How accurate were they?

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Three economic evaluations of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaigns in North America concluded that the mass vaccination campaigns would be, or were, highly cost-effective, if not cost-saving. This paper re-assesses each study's analysis and presents three arguments: 1) prediction of vaccine program cost-effectiveness is unrealistic, if not impossible, unless quality surveillance data is available; 2) even when surveillance data is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Comparision between the effects of dietary suplements of sun dried or sulfur fumigated apricots on the telomerase activity and oxidatıve stress parameters in azoxymethane administered rats

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with  two kinds of  dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced  glutathione,  malondialdehyde,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

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