Ethnocentrism: Significance and effects on Kenyan society

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This study investigates the significance and effects of ethnocentrism in the Kenyan society. The usual concept of ethnocentrism combines the belief that one’s culture is superior to other cultures with the practice of judging other cultures as inferior to one’s own culture. This concept does not address the underlying issue of why people do this but emphasizes that people make false assumptions based on their own limited experience about... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Co-infections with Schistosoma haematobium and soil-transmitted helminths among school-aged children in Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and urinary schistosomiasis and the co-infection of these intestinal helminths among school children in Saki town, Oyo state, Nigeria. Early morning stool samples were collected and a Kato-Katz thick smear technique was used to examine and count parasitic load.Urine samples were also collected and examined for Schistosoma haematobium ova... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of polyunsaturated fatty acids... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

An Abattoir Survey on the Prevalence and Monetary Loss of Fasciolosis Among Cattle Slaughtered at Dangila Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle in tropical and subtropical countries responsible for considerable economic losses in the cattle industry, mainly through condemnation of fluke-infected liver. A cross sectional study was conducted between October, 2013 and March, 2014 to determine the prevalence and monetary losses associated with bovine fasciolosis and comparing coprology and post mortem techniques of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Students become authors: A course in Advanced Writing employing expressivist theory and pedagogy

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The first main assignment required in the first six weeks of Writing II class was designed on the expressivist approach. The article provides an actual class realization when the assignment was given to a group of thirty, English-major students at one Jordanian university. Those six weeks were a mixture of hard work, complaint, excitement, and actual texts produced. An overview of the theoretical basis on which the assignment was built is provided... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Evaluation of cultivars and insecticides on insect pests and grain loss of rainfed cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) at Baga, Lake Chad shore area of Nigeria

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Field trials were conducted to determine effects of cultivar and insecticide application on grain yield and yield loss of cowpea to insect pest during the 2008 and 2009 cropping seasons at Baga (13° 29ʺ N and 13° 32ʺ E), Lake Chad shore area of Nigeria. Three cowpea varieties (Kanannado, Borno brown and IT98k-1312), two insecticides [cypermethrin (30 g) + dimethoate (250 g) and neem seed aqueous extract] and three spray regimes (one each at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Socio-economic and family planning aspects of rural people in Bangladesh: A case study of Comilla District

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The main focus of this study is to investigate the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of some villages in a particular area of Bangladesh. Since Bangladesh is a rural based country, it is essential to study a village in particular to conclude on the socio-economic characteristics and family planning of Bangladesh as a whole. For this study, some villages have selected from Comilla District. Initially, the study was planned to cover all... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Genetic diversity and adaptation to different tillage and farming systems of cocoyam genotypes (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) in the Eastern Region of Ghana

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Experiments conducted in Ghana show that cocoyam exists as mixtures of clones in farmers farms. This work aimed to use RAPD markers to determine the extent of diversity in cocoyam genotypes collected from farms at different locations in the Eastern region of Ghana. The study also investigated whether the genotypes have different adaptation to different farming systems (intercropping with plantain and sole cropping) and tillage methods (mounds and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Prioritization and cost and returns analyses of selected non-timber forest products in Yobe State, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This article describes cost and returns analysis of first five preferred Sahel savanna non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Yobe State, Nigeria. The results demonstrate that households in Yobe State could realize NGN2,898.48 and NGN142,615.49 from the NTFPs as the least and maximum gross margins (household incomes) respectively. Gross margin ratio of households across all the study sites ranged from 0.925 to 0.980, and that from individual study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Perceptions of smallholder farmers on improved box hive technology and its profitability in Northern Ethiopia

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

This study was initiated to analyze smallholder beekeepers’ perceptions towards the constraints and benefits of using improved box hive and its profitability compared to traditional beehive in Ahferom district of Tigray region, Ethiopia. Both primary and secondary data sources comprising qualitative and quantitative data types were utilized. Primary data were collected by interviewing 130 randomly selected smallholder beekeepers during March... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The roots of the Indian women’s movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women’s organizations. Women started forming their own organization from the end of the nineteenth century first at the local and then at the national level. In 1946, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women’s participation in tebhaga movement... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Looking at ‘Modern India’ IN Mark Tully’s NO FULL STOPS IN INDIA and NON- STOP INDIA

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Mark Tully’s books, No Full Stops in India (1992) and Non Stop India (2011) are telling commentaries on the situation of post-independent India. Central to both books is the question of Indian ‘modernity’ or ‘development’ after independence, and in this regard they explore various aspects of Indian society, economy, politics and religion. The aim of this paper is to analyse how India has been pictured in these stories.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

National power and the search for a generalized theory of terrorist target selection: An introduction to the Uyo School

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The assumption that terrorist organizations (TO) select their target(s) putting into consideration its own limited resources and the impact of the selected target on the national power of the victim state has been the underlying assumption of the Uyo School. In the face of the increasing search to uncover the determinant of terrorist target selection which has become central in terrorism literature does the Uyo School provide a generalized theory on... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Animal health constraints in dairy goats kept under smallholder farming systems in Kongwa and Mvomero Districts, Tanzania

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

  This study was conducted to determine animal health constraints for dairy goats kept by small-scale farmers in Kongwa and Mvomero districts, Tanzania. A total of 129 dairy goats belonging to 108 farmers were screened for gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection, coccidiosis, haemoparasites, brucellosis and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) over a period of 11 months. Other clinical diseases and mortalities were recorded. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Denoising a model employing automated bandwidth selection procedures and pre-whitened Euclidean-based quadratic surrogates in PROC ARIMA for optimizing asymptotic expansions and simulations of onchocerciasis endemic transmission zones in Burkina Faso

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  In this research we constructed multiple predictive ArcGIS Euclidean distance–based autoregressive infectious disease transmission oriented models for predicting geographic locations of endemic onchocerciasis (“river blindness”) transmission risk zones in Burkina Faso. We employed multiple spatiotemporal-sampled empirical ecological data sets of georeferenced covariates of riverine larval habitats of Similium damnosum... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Assessment of farmers’ perceptions and the economic impact of climate change in Namibia: Case study on small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) of Ndonga Linena irrigation project

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This paper examines perceptions of small-scale irrigation farmers (SSIFs) with regard to climate change and their adaptation strategies in terms of its effects. The Multinomial Logit (MNL) and the Trade-Off Analysis models were applied. Farm-level data was collected from the entire population of 30 SSIFs at the Ndonga Linena Irrigation Project in February 2014. Results from the MNL reveal that the gender, age and farming experience and extension... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Perceived housing satisfaction in public estates of Osogbo, Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

The study assesses residents’ housing satisfaction in public housing estates of Osogbo, Nigeria. Condition of housing, adequacy of housing facilities and residents’ perception of housing satisfaction in public estates in Osogbo were assessed. The study necessarily relied on both the primary and secondary data. Both qualitative and quantitative data were also used. Data were obtained from six (6) public housing estates in Osogbo. A... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 9

Evaluation of a decontamination protocol prior to a full-mouth disinfection procedure: A randomised clinical study

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the application of a chlorhexidine-based decontamination protocol during two weeks prior to scaling root planing (SRP) would reduce bleeding on probing (BoP) at the time of SRP. Secondary outcomes were other clinical parameters. Another secondary aim was to assess whether the improvement of periodontal conditions, if any, would have a benefit up to 3 months later. In this mono-centre,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Building craftsmanship skill development and Nigeria’s vision 20:2020: Imperatives and daunting challenges

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

Nigeria’s commitment to improving the living standard of its citizens has led to the introduction of a long-term economic programme tagged Vision 20:2020. The vision consists of a set of objectives and programmes designed to launch the nation into the league of the 20 most developed economies of the world by the year 2020. A large quantum of professionals and skilled workers, especially in the building sector has been identified by several... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Interactivity in Saudi online journalism

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The research aims to investigate the interactivity of four Saudi Online Journals. Two of these online journals were the Riyadh and Okaz Online Journals, which are also found in the printed versions. However, the other two journals used in this research paper are the Alweeam and Sabq Journals, which do not have print versions, and are only published online. The data were collected based on an analysis of the existing content and research on the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Effect of plant bed type on nematode density and yield of cabbage in two regions of Ghana

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Cole crop production in general and cabbage in particular is constrained by pest infestation, reducing the farmer’s profit margin considerably. In this study, the effects of three plant bed types: flat, ridges and raised beds were investigated in 2012 and 2013 at Asiwa and Dormaa Ahenkro in Ghana, respectively to study their effects on plant parasitic nematodes and the yield of cabbage. Treatment effects on nematode density/200 cm3 soil,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

A statistical study on higher educational institutions in India

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

This study aims to observe the increased effectiveness of Higher Educational Institutions in India and its competitiveness. It proposes to develop the interest in enhancing the quality in Educational Institutions. It is monitored and evaluated through rapid growth of information technology, which makes sophisticated data collection possible. This study aims to create an awareness or self competitiveness among educational institutions to implement... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Development of genodynamic metrics for exploring the biophysics of DNA polymorphisms

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) represent an important type of dynamic sites within the human genome. These common variants often locally correlate within more complex multi-SNP haploblocks that are maintained throughout generations in a stable population. Information encoded in the structure of SNPs and SNP haploblock variation can be characterized through a normalized information content metric. Genodynamics is being developed as the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Attenuation of allergic airways inflammation by an extract of Hymenocardia acida

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology

J. Physiol. Pathophysiol.

Tracheal hyperresponsiveness, airway mucus production and bronchoalveolar inflammation are the major components of asthma. Here, we aim to investigate the role in the control of asthma of a bioactive plant extracted from Hymenocardia acida in a physiological and pathophysiological model. The effect of H. acida crude extract (HACE) on total cellular components of bronchoalveolar (BAL) fluids was performed on ovalbumin (OVA) and lipopolysaccaride... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Biosecurity practices in Central Ethiopian cattle feedlots: Its implication for live cattle export

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Biosecurity is the implementation of measures that reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of disease agents. Biosecurity is a cornerstone of herd health maintenance in export-oriented feedlots. The aim of this study was to document current biosecurity practice in export-oriented cattle feedlots in Central Ethiopia and to discuss its implication for live cattle export. In this study 31 export-oriented cattle feedlots found in central Ethiopia... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 11

Impact of computer technology on health: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

In today’s society, the use of computer as a tool at workplaces, academic institutions, recreation facilities and homes has become very common. It is estimated that globally, about 45 to 70 million people spend hours staring into a video display terminal, popularly known as computer screen. Several studies, mainly in developed countries, have shown an association between computer use and visual health related symptoms (Computer Vision... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Runge kutta to precise the detection of lesion for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image

Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research

J. Electrical Electron. Eng. Res.

In this paper, we translate non linear model to linear one and used numerical analysis: “Runge kutta4 (RK4)” is mathematical solutions to study the approximation’s solutions of ordinary differential equations, then pass to the statistical study for multiple regression to applied anova technique and with it, we extract the place of the lesion on medical image MRI by two ways: Distribution of gaussien curve (hypothesis test of ho)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The relationships between motivation type and sport participation among students in a South African context

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

Reasons for participation in sport differ and intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and even amotivation can influence the decision. In the South African context, little research has been done on the differences of motivation among male and female students to participate in sport. This study sought to understand the relationship between certain motivation drivers and sport participation. It also explored the gender variable and whether there... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Who are ‘non-traditional students’? A systematic review of published definitions in research on mental health of tertiary students

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The term ‘non-traditional students’ is commonly used in higher education research and yet its definition has been unclear. This study systematically reviewed 45 definitions of ‘non-traditional student’ in mental health research conducted within the higher education context using a standardised data extraction and appraisal tool. Findings suggested a wide range of variations on how this term was defined. Thirteen different... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 22

Vaginal colonization and resistance profile of group B Streptococcus among pregnant women in Yaoundé Gynecology, Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Cameroon

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research

J. Clin. Med. Res.

In order to obtain reliable data on vaginal carriage of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women and to formulate a prevention program of neonatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease, we carried out a prospective cross sectional study for 6 months. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of vaginal carriage and the resistance profile of GBS. The study involved 142 pregnant women presenting for antenatal care in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Cost effectiveness analyses of influenza A (H1N1) vaccination programs: How accurate were they?

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Three economic evaluations of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaigns in North America concluded that the mass vaccination campaigns would be, or were, highly cost-effective, if not cost-saving. This paper re-assesses each study's analysis and presents three arguments: 1) prediction of vaccine program cost-effectiveness is unrealistic, if not impossible, unless quality surveillance data is available; 2) even when surveillance data is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Comparision between the effects of dietary suplements of sun dried or sulfur fumigated apricots on the telomerase activity and oxidatıve stress parameters in azoxymethane administered rats

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with  two kinds of  dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced  glutathione,  malondialdehyde,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Multivariate analysis of genetic divergence among Ethiopian mustard (Brassica Carinata A. Braun) landraces in Ethiopia

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Characterization of existing genetic variability is a prerequisite for further crop improvement activity. This study was designed to assess genetic variability among randomly selected Ethiopian mustard (Brassica Carinata A. Braun) genotypes from different agro ecology of Ethiopia. The present study was undertaken to determine nature of association of agronomic traits of 36 Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata) genotypes at Adet Agricultural Research... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Nitrogen compounds in brewing wort and beer: A review

Journal of Brewing and Distilling

J. Brew. Distilling

Traditionally, beer is obtained from the treatment and processing of three raw materials (barley malt, hops and water). From it, brewing wort fermented by the action of yeasts is obtained. Wort composition depends on the quality and type of raw materials used, as well as the control of the various processing steps. Wort composition also depends on the concentration and profile of nitrogen compounds, such as proteins, polypeptides and amino acids. In... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

Bioactive potential of wild edible mushrooms and need for their conservation

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

The field of natural products and their use in the development of medicinal or other health-related products vis-à-vis their conservation needs special focus. The challenges for fungal conservation are daunting. As nature's recyclers, fungi are like municipal refuse collectors employed to take away our rubbish. We do not notice them until they go on strike. The well-being of fungi is necessary for sustainable life on this planet.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

Impact of service marketing on healthcare management in Nigeria

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

The paper examined the impacts of service marketing on health care management in Nigeria. For this paper, simple random technique was used in selecting 200 patients from General Hospital, Ogbomoso. Data were collected with the use of both primary and secondary data and were subsequently analyzed by regression analysis through statistical package for board sciences. The results showed that service marketing has significant impact on the management... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Surname change among some Yorùbá Christians

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

In this paper, we react to the claim that surname modification or change by some Yorùbá Christians is a violation of God’s law or a recent development among the Yorùbá people and that it encourages semantic ambiguity in language use or word formation. The data collected include data drawn from previous studies on Yorùbá personal names, the lists of staff of three Nigerian universities, copies of sworn... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Development of a geographic information system (GIS) based road network in Port Harcourt

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The aim of this work was to develop a geographic information system (GIS) based road network map of Port Harcourt city that can be used to analyze traffic congestion within the city and suggest possible solutions. The handheld global positioning system (GPS) was used to acquire geographic coordinates of major locations experiencing traffic jams, bad spots and schools. The transformed GPS coordinates were added to the ArcGIS environment to define the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 11

Modification of the adaptive Nadaraya-Watson kernel regression estimator

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Nadaraya-Watson (NW) kernel regression estimator is a widely used and flexible nonparametric estimator of a regression function, which is often obtained by using a fixed bandwidth. Several studies showed that the adaptive kernel estimators with varying bandwidths have better performance results. In this paper, a new improvement of the NW kernel regression estimator is proposed and the bandwidth of this new improvement is obtained depending on the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 22

A survey of community based water storage structures and their management in Gujarat, India.

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Factors governing hydrological and institutional factors define policy intervention in the management of community based water storage structures (CBWS). Institutional factors have a direct bearing on the functioning of CBWS and also interact with physical and technical factors to influence their sustainability. The present study attempts to examine sustainability of CBWS to draw policy implications in Indian context. The study revealed that... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Phosphorus fertilization associated to inoculation of maize with diazotrophic bacteria

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The effects of diazotrophic bacteria inoculation associated to phosphate fertilization on plant growth and leaf gas exchange parameters in maize plants (Zea mays L.) were investigated in the present study. Maize plants were grown in 13-L pots filled with clayey Rhodic Hapludox in a greenhouse. Treatments were arranged in a randomized block design in a 4 × 2 factorial: four seed inoculation treatments [control (non-inoculated); inoculation with... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 48

The relevance of infrastructural facilities to rural housing development in lagelu local government, Oyo State, Nigeria

International NGO Journal

Int. NGOJ

In Nigeria, rural areas are experiencing neglect in connection with the provision of infrastructural facilities despite all the efforts being made by all tiers of past government in the country. This study is aimed at assessing the relevance of infrastructural facilities to rural housing development as it applied to Lagelu Local Government in Oyo State. The specific objectives of the study among others, include; identification of various rural... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Comparison of immunoperoxidase monolayer assay, polymerase chain reaction and haemadsorption tests in the detection of African swine fever virus in cell cultures using Ugandan isolates

Journal of General and Molecular Virology

J. Gen. Mol. Virol.

African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating viral disease of pigs and is among the major hindrances to pig industry in sub-Saharan Africa including Uganda. The aim of this study was to compare immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) to PCR in detection of ASF virus in infected macrophage cultures and to categorize ASF viral isolates in Uganda by haemadsorption assay. Field strains of ASF virus were isolated from infected pigs into swine alveolar... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Foliar nutrient response in some Iranian quince genotypes

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Significant foliar nutrient response due to genetic variability was seen for N, P, K, Mg, Ca, B, Fe and Zn for some Iranian quince genotypes, which were selected from different parts of Iran (during 2006-2009). Vector analysis has been used to interpret plant nutrient status and nutrient shifts (dilution, deficiency, excess, etc) of studied quince genotypes. In our study, reference point for calculating and comparing the relative change of the three... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Evaluation of anti-lodging plant growth regulators on the growth and development of rice (Oryza sativa)

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

Lodging is characterized by the reduction in plant canopy and the bending or fall over of mature plants with panicles on the soil or water resulting in yield and quality decline. It may be induced by variations in crop nutrition, water management, susceptible tall varieties and windy conditions. In all cases the plant stem base is unusually weak with a reduced diameter. This study evaluated the use of  2 plant growth regulators as Paclobutrazol... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Identification of post-harvest rotting microorganisms from tomato fruits (Solanum esculentum Mill.) in Toke Kutaye District of West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

Tomato (Solanum esculentum Mill.) fruits were collected  from farmers and retailers in Toke Kutaye District, Ethiopia during main-season (October to December, 2012) and off-season (December, 2012 to March, 2013) with an objective to identify microbial organisms that cause post-harvest rot of tomato. Diseased tissues were cultured in Potato Dextros Agar media for fungal and in Nutrient media  for bacterial identification. Identification of... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Critical analysis of existing economic tools available for assessing river water quality

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

This review paper critically analyzes the economic literature on the approaches of measuring the environmental benefits. It focuses on the economic methodologies that are available for the evaluation of the effects (social costs and benefits) of environmental changes (degradation/preservation) on river water quality. Further, it shows how the monetary valuations of these effects can have an impact in making of economic policy for creating more... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Assessment of knowledge gap and constraints affecting production and consumption of standardized dairy products in Wolayta Soddo, Southern Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

A study was conducted to assess knowledge gap and identify constraints on production and consumption of standardized dairy products.  Only 20, 10, 16.7, 3.3 and 6.7% had knowledge about standardized dairy products, hazard consequent of using substandard dairy products, proper standards during milk production, hazard analysis critical control point system and  what to check during shopping labeled dairy products, respectively. All... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 47

Attitudes of Maasai pastoralists towards the conservation of large carnivores in the Loliondo Game Controlled Area of Northern Tanzania

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Attitudes towards the conservation of lions, leopards, cheetah, spotted hyenas and African wild dogs were assessed in the Loliondo Game Controlled Area of northern Tanzania in January 2013. Our survey encompassed 181 individuals each representing onehousehold, of which 30 were chosen randomly from six Maasai pastoralist villages. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to acquire the required information from the respondents. We found that the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

The influence of soil properties on the development of Cephalcia tannourinensis Chevin (Hym. Pamphiliidae) infesting the cedar forests in Lebanon

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The cedar web-spinning sawfly, Cephalcia tannourinensis (Hymenoptera: Pamphiliidae) is considered a major defoliator of the cedar forests in Lebanon. In the early 1990’s, a severe damage of the Tannourine Hadath El-Jebbeh cedar forest was caused by the sudden outbreak of this insect. The insect has a complex life cycle with two types of diapause: annual diapause and multiple years diapause. The present study aimed at studying soil... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 47

Morphometric relations, diet composition and ontogenetic dietary shift of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell, 1836) in Lake Tana gulf of Gorgora, Ethiopia

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Int. J. Fish. Aquac.

Morphometric relations, feeding habits and dietary shifts of Labeobarbus intermedius in Lake Tana at gulf of Gorgora were studied during the dry season. A total of 250 fish ranging from 13.2 to 43.8 cm total length (TL) and 73.4 to 742.8 g total weight (TW) were randomly sampled from the lake. The data generated from both morphometric parameters were analyzed using SPSS (Version 20) and expressed using least square regression, and stomach content... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Analytical investigation of convective heat transfer of a longitudinal fin with temperature-dependent thermal conductivity, heat transfer coefficient and heat generation

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

In this article, the heat transfer through a longitudinal fin is studied. The heat transfer coefficient, thermal conductivity and heat generation are variables and supposed to be temperature-dependent. The temperature distribution in fin with longitudinal rectangular profile was carried out by using the differential transformation method (DTM) which is an analytical solution technique. For validation of the analytical solution, the heat equation is... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 21

Evaluation of the drying rate constant, drying efficiency, nutrients and sensory qualities of dried vegetables using solar dryer and open-air sun drying methods

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Utazi (Gongromena ratifolia) and Nchuanwu (Occimum americanus) were dried using solar dryer and open- air sun drying methods. 200 g of each sample was used. The weight losses were used to determine the reduction in moisture content. Drying was assumed to have taken place in the falling- rate period, which enabled the use of only one drying rate constant, K. Graphs of ln(M0-M) versus time were used to obtain the drying rate constants, K for the two... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 21

Accounting education at vocational high schools in Turkey: An application

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

Accounting shows the process of taking right and effective decisions to present some regular, complete, and true information of the past and also make a plan towards the future. In other words, while accounting presents information about the present state in of managements, it shows a way for taking reel decisions related to the future and fixing risks and opportunities at the same time. Because accounting is able to perform its functions... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 21

Water quality assessment of Manchar Lake during the month of August and November 2011 by analyzing selected trace elements

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Manchar Lake is the largest fresh water lake in Pakistan, situated in Jamshoro District. It was created in the 1930 when the Sukkur Barrage was constructed on the river Indus. It is a vast natural depression flanked by Khirthar range in the west, Lakhi hills in south and river Indus in the east. On the north eastern side is the protective embankment. The lake is fed by two canals, the Aral Wah and the Danister from the river Indus. The lake also... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 11

Integrative transport and modal interchanges: A social sustainable approach towards urban migration

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

Transport is argued to be one of the most important human activities worldwide and an indispensable component of the economy. Transport provides an integral function in the forming of spatial relations between locations. Integrative transport systems are relatively unknown concept and therefore, only implemented to a certain extent. Integrating transport with the surrounding land use is however essential in order to create a sustainable and livable... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

On the influence of interseasonal sea surface temperature on surface water pCO2 at 49.0°N/16.5°W and 56.5°N/52.6°W in the North Atlantic Ocean

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science

J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.

The sea surface temperature (SST) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) derived from hourly in situ measurements at Northwest (56.5°N, 52.6°W) and Northeast (49.0°N, 16.5°W) subpolar sites of the Atlantic Ocean from 2003 – 2005 were employed to investigate the seasonal pCO2–SST relationship. The results indicate weak to moderately strong significant negative relationships (r = -0.04 to -0.89, p<0.0001) and (r =... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Evaluation of some handling and processing parameters for briquetting of guinea corn (Sorghum bi-color) residue

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Biomass materials require reduction and densification for the purpose of handling and space requirements. Guinea corn (Sorghum bi-color) is a major source of biomass material in the tropic regions. The densification process involves some measurable parameters, namely: pressure, particles size and binder ratio. Guinea corn residue was collected from the Teaching and Research Farm of the Federal Polytechnic at Bida in Nigeria. The moisture content was... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 46

The difficulties of the bilingual social sciences teacher candidates in educational activities: A case of Agri Ibrahim Cecen University

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

This study aims at determining the difficulties experienced by bilingual teacher candidates in education. The study has a qualitative design, semi-structured interview is used and data are obtained with content analysis method. The study group of the research includes 117 students studying at different classes in Agri Ibrahim Cecen University, Faculty of Education, and Department of Social Sciences Teaching in 2013-2014 academic year, fall semester.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 21

Defining corporate social responsibility in the South African agricultural sector

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Although corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an established research field worldwide, to date there is no single definition that is universally accepted. For this article, generally accepted models, principles and definitions regarding CSR were combined with the view of the South African government on CSR in order to propose a number of normative criteria for CSR in South Africa.  The agricultural sector in South Africa has a specific... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 46

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