Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Clinopodium nubigenum (Kunth) Kuntze essential oil: Chemical composition, antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial test against respiratory pathogens

September 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 9

The essential oil of leaves and flowers of Clinopodium nubigenum (Kunth.) Kuntze (Lamiaceae) collected in the province of Pichincha-Ecuador was steam distilled and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to determine its chemical composition. The majority of the compounds identified were carvacrol acetate...

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Anti-inflammatory property of the methanol leaf extract of Parinari kerstingii (ENGL) in rats

September 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 9

The anti-inflammatory effect of the extract of Parinari kerstingii leaves was investigated using egg albumin-induced rat paw oedema, leukocyte mobilization, and acetic acid-induced vascular permeability assay methods. Heat and hypotonicity-induced heamolysis of human red blood cell membrane were also used to assess its...

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Temperature effects on cooked food in the tropics: A case study of local soups in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

This study examined the effects of temperature on cooked food in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. It utilized the survey research design. Primary data about cooked food conditions between hours of reheating were generated from women in the area using copies of checklist. Temperature data were collected for a period of one...

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A comparative study on stability of different types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil against autoxidation and photo-oxidation

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

This study aimed to compare the stability of five types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil available in Sri Lanka. The types of coconut oil studied were coconut pairing oil (CPO), white coconut oil (WCO), refined bleached and deodorized coconut oil (RBDCO), virgin coconut oil (VCO) and coconut oil (CO). Oils were exposed to...

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Isolation and identification of probiotic Lactobacillus species from traditional drink kunun-zaki fortified with paddy rice and sweet potatoes

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

The present study was conducted to determine the probiotic properties of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Kunun-zaki processed with different thickeners. Kunun-zaki was processed using 50:50 and 80:20 millet and sorghum. A total of seven isolates that is, Lactobacillus (Lb.) lactis, Lactobacillus casei,...

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Proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) from Central Malawi

September 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 9

In this study, proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) fruits from Bunda forests in Central Malawi were determined. Proximate composition included crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber, while physical characteristics included mass,...

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Effect of some citrus juice concentrates on crude oil emulsion

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 2

Crude oil emulsions constitute a major challenge in oil field operations. To resolve this challenge, many researchers have studied crude oil emulsion demulsification patterns in the presence of various demulsifiers. Research is ongoing for discovery of locally sourced biodegradable and inexpensive demulsifiers. The aim of...

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Seasonality in the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton in Lake Tinishu Abaya (Rift Valley, Ethiopia): The basis for fish production

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

The present study was undertaken to investigate the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton for Lake Tinishu Abaya to observe the potentiality of the lake water for fish production. The study was carried out from January to December 2016. For the analysis of various physicochemical parameters, water...

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Farmer’s perception of soil and watershed degradation and the assessment of soil nutrients status under agroforestry systems in the Western Highlands of Cameroon: Case of Ako sub division

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 8

The objective of this study was to assess farmers’ perception regarding the activities which degrade the soil and watershed and to analyze soil nutrients status under different agroforestry systems. The aim of the study was to identify and promote locally-known agroforestry-based practices for soil and watershed...

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Characterization of soils under major land uses in Chencha District, South Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 8

Assessing land use induced changes in soil properties is essential for addressing the issues of land use planning and sustainable land productivity in highlands of Ethiopia. The surface and profile soil samples were collected from forest (FL) cultivated (CL) and grass/pasture lands (GL) in Doko Yoyira (DY), Aiezo Tula...

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Popularization of Koekoek poultry breed for enhancing livelihood of poor households: A case of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Demonstration of Koekoek breed was conducted at Raya-Azebo and Enda-Mehoni Woredas with 10 poor households with the objective of increasing the productivity of poultry thereby improving livelihood of the resource poor farmers in Ethiopia. Koekoek breed had significantly (P<0.05) superior on number of eggs laid per...

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Aflatoxin B1 contamination in raw peanuts sold in Maputo City, Mozambique and associated factors

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 6

Peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) are consumed worldwide including Mozambique, due to good taste, high nutritional value and easy accessibility. When found in suitable conditions of humidity and high temperature, a fungus of the genus Aspergillus can contaminate peanuts and produce toxic secondary metabolites called...

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Genotype × environment interaction and stability of oil content of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

August 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 3

The experiment, for oil content analysis, was conducted for two growing seasons under rain fed condition (2012-2013) in Humera and Dansha, and in a single year (2013 cropping season) in Sheraro (a total of five environments). The experiment, comprised of 13 sesame genotypes, laid out in randomized complete block design of...

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Comparative evaluation of short and long term in vitro antibacterial activity of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium enriched mixture cement"

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 2

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the short and long term antibacterial effects of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) on Streptococcus Sanguinis and Enterococcus faecalis which are commonly associated with endodontic infections. The test materials,...

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Focused antenatal care: Re-appraisal of current practices

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Focused antenatal care has been viewed to be a better option to the previously existing orthodox model of antenatal care. The orthodox antenatal care otherwise known as traditional model of antenatal care requires a number of routine and frequent visits by pregnant women to the healthcare facility. This traditional model...

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Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of...

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Outlier based selection and accuracy updating of digital elevation models for urban area projects

August 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 8

Continuing degradation of urban environments of developing economies results from failure to make decisions based on scientific methods that employ accurate digital elevation models (DEM) in modelling environmental phenomena such as flooding and erosion. Data dumping and wastage occur if fresh DEM are required for every...

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Management status and perception of post quarried sites in Ndarugu Kiambu, Kenya

August 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 8

In recent times, rapid changes in buildings and infrastructural development have increased demand for construction materials. Ndarugu quarries located about 35 km north of Nairobi CBD are among the main sources of building materials in Kenya. The visible evidence of stone mining are the post-quarried sites scarred along...

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Optimization of bio gas production from slaughterhouse wastes

August 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 8

This study focuses on the production of biogas from slaughter house waste to generate optimal methane yield which has high calorific value under optimum temperature, pH and substrate proportion (blood, manure and undigested food material). In this study, two different kinds of experiment were done. The first experiment...

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Evaluation of socio-economic factors influencing exploitation of non-timber forest products in Tanzania

August 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 8

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) constitute an important source of livelihood for millions of people from forest fringe communities across the world. This study was conducted to identify main NTFPs used by local communities around Nyanganje Forest Reserve (NFR) which is within the Eastern Arc Mountains in Kilombero...

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