Some of biosecurity measurements in different dairy farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Ninety dairy farms were surveyed in Khartoum State to investigate their veterinary supervision, management, husbandry, biosecurity and hygienic practices. The information was collected by using questionnaire, visits and direct interviews with farm owners. Supervision of the dairy farms revealed highly significant (P < 0.001) variations and mostly done by the owners and herd keepers (60.8%). Cows alone as the main milk producing animals represent... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

A decision framework for resource poor smallholder farmers on maize production based on results from empirical studies in the coastal lowlands of Kenya

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Maize is a principal food crop in Kenya and the coastal lowlands. Choice of the enterprise at household level is influenced by the social position maize commands both as a staple food and trade facility or good while production patterns are dictated by various factors among them being resource endowment. Research in the recent past has provided technological recommendations that include fertilizer and pesticides use along with yield data with... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The fallacy behind the role of civil society in transitional democracies: The case of Kenyan ethno-political conflicts

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The belief in the centrality of the role of civil society in democracy promotion should be re-evaluated especially in the context of transitional societies like Kenya. Contrary to the widely held view that Civil society is a platform for citizen engagement with government and other state and non state actors, there is reason to believe that civil society has become an avenue for simmering hatred and the promotion of divisive schemes by the political... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Celebrity and health promotion: How media can play an active role in cancer prevention and early detection

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

It is well-known that celebrities can influence the mass public, helping to shape behaviours and attitudes. The goal of this research is to understand the impact of a celebrity’s cancer news on Brazilian society. Our hypothesis is that news about celebrities with cancer attracts much public attention, but the media squander the chance to educate, inform and enlighten the public about this disease. We studied the news published in online... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Real wages and labour productivity in Tanzania: How do they link?

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Using data from national level surveys, the present paper undertakes an empirical analysis of the linkage between labour productivity and real wages in Tanzania. After making tabular presentations of growth in labour productivity and real wages by industry and sector (public and private), regression analysis is undertaken to examine the factors that influence incomes. Granger causality test is applied to examine the nature of the relationship... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Empirical analysis of factors associated with neonatal length of stay in Sunyani, Ghana

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Postpartum length of stay (LOS) in hospital continues to be a subject of intense discourse and research, especially for mothers of neonates born with low birth weight (LBW). This study investigates the association of total LOS (pre and postpartum) with a range of factors related to geo-demographics, maternal health and pregnancy history. It also provides simple estimates of likely duration of neonatal hospital length of stay based on data from two... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Effect of polymerization techniques and cleaning solution on flexural resistance of acrylic resin chemically activated

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of different disinfection solutions on flexural resistance of chemically-activated acrylic resin. Test pieces were made of clear acrylic resin using a rectangular mold and employing two techniques: wet polymerization under pressure (n = 20) and dry polymerization under pressure (n = 20). Test pieces were subdivided into four equal groups: distilled water (control), sodium bicarbonate, 1% sodium... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Relationship between self-efficacy, task value, self-regulation strategies and active procrastination among pre-service teachers in colleges of education

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This study examined the relationship between self-efficacy, task value, self-regulation and active procrastination of pre-service teachers enrolled in the colleges of education in Northern-western Nigeria.  Samples of the study consist of 426 (223 males, 203 females) pre-service teachers with a mean age of 22.12 years.  A descriptive correlation research design was employed to address the research objectives.  Two research instruments... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Financial ratios between fraudulent and non-fraudulent firms: Evidence from Tehran Stock Exchange

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Fraud is a broad concept with two basic types seen in practice. The first is the misappropriation of assets and the second is fraudulent financial reporting. Fraudulent financial reporting usually occurs in the form of falsification of financial statements in order to obtain some forms of benefit. The current research compares the financial ratios between fraudulent and non-fraudulent firms for the companies listed on Tehran Stock Exchange. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

NGUGI WA THIONG ‘O and his ‘Mathe-logic’ of revolution in Matigari: Re-introducing militia struggle

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

I once heard a story being told to my children by one of my sisters. The story, so simple, is of a man who has an incurable wound and is in search of a cure. He is told of a medicine man whose name is Ndiiro, but he does not know the way to Ndiiro's place. He encounters different people and asks each one of them the way to Ndiiro's. The story depends on a repetition of the song that describes Ndiiro. I used the same structure in the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Determining the causes for the exodus of technical teachers from teaching in technical and vocational institutions to other jobs in Katsina State, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study aimed to determine the causes for the exodus of technical teachers from teaching in TVET to other jobs in Katsina State, Nigeria. For convenience of data collection, research questions were formulated.The survey questionnaire was developed with 15 items and used to question technical education administrators, technical education principals/vice principals and technical teachers in TVET institutions who constituted the sample. A total of 10... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Bibliometric analysis of cancer publications in Nigeria during 2008 – 2012

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

The bibliographic data on cancer literature of Nigeria was drawn from the Medline of National Library of Medicine (NLM), USA. This research work examines the conformity of Lotka’s Law to authorship distribution during 2008-2012.Totally, 677 articles in cancer produced by 1,854 authors, was compiled for the analysis. Lotka’s inverse power Law was used in testing the hypotheses. That is,  where the values of the exponent n and the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

States creation since 1967: An imperative of the military contribution to nation-building in Nigeria

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The structural defects in the creation of the Nigerian state by the colonialists which suited their interest of continued subjugation and exploitation of Nigeria were inherited by the civilian leadership. This class that appropriated state power to further their economic interest played down the prospects of nation-building. It is against this background that this work assesses the role of the military in tackling the problem of nation-building in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The triple causes of African underdevelopment: Colonial capitalism, state terrorism and racism

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

The paper attempts to inform Africans and the world at large of the triple evils of colonial capitalism, state terrorism, and racism and of different forms of African resistance in order to search for new ways of implementing universal human rights laws and the rights of indigenous people. Most indigenous Africans are immensely underdeveloped and have suffered for more than five centuries because of these triple evils that have been imposed on them... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Physical and chemical quality of raw cow's milk produced and marketed in Shashemene Town, Southern Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

The aim of this study was to assess physical and chemical quality of raw cow’s milk produced and marketed in Shashemene town, Ethiopia. A total of 48 samples of raw cow’s milk were collected in the morning. All of the samples were collected using proportional random sampling method. The means for temperature, pH, specific gravity, titratable acidity, total solids, fat, solids-not-fat, protein, ash and lactose contents of milk samples... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

Proximate, anti-nutrient and sensory properties of ogi, a millet based gruel supplemented with treated African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.) seed flour

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

The proximate, anti-nutrient and sensory properties of millet ogi supplemented with treated African oil bean flour were evaluated. Millet ogi was produced using traditional method which involved soaking, wet milling, fermentation and drying. African oil bean seeds were decoated, roasted, fermented and defatted under controlled experiment. Flours obtained were substituted with millet ogi at 10 and 20% levels. The results show that there was... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Adsorption studies of phosphate ions on alginate-calcium carbonate composite beads

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Alginate-calcium carbonate composite beads was prepared by the sol-gel method and characterized by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) instruments. Adsorption potential of phosphate ions have been studied on laboratory scale. The effects of contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial analyte concentration, pH and agitation speed were optimized at 298.15 K (25°C) in a single ion system. The... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Optical properties of ZnO thin films deposed by RF magnetron

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

We have grown ZnO thin films on glass substrate by R.F magnetron sputtering using metallic zinc target. The influences of some parameters on thin film optical properties were assessed. They exhibited extremely high resistivity of 1012 Ω.cm, an energy gap of 3.3 eV at room temperature. It was found that a R.F power of 50 W, a target to substrate distance of 70 mm, very low gas pressures of 3.35 x 10-3 Torr of argon and oxygen mixed gas atmosphere... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 5

Effects of using invention learning approach on inventive abilities: A mixed method study

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

This study aims to enhance inventive abilities for secondary students by using the Invention Learning Approach. Its activities focus on creating new inventions based on the students’ interests by using constructional tools. The participants were twenty secondary students who took an elective science course that provided instructional units integrated with the Invention Learning Approach for 40 h, over a period of 20 weeks. A mixed-method... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 5

Impact of purified human milk oligosaccharides as a sole carbon source on the growth of lactobacilli in in vitro model

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Recently, there is a growing interest in the use of oligosaccharides as prebiotics in order to modulate the growth of beneficial gut microbiota. It is known that human milk is a rich source of complex oligosaccharides. This paper reports the in vitro growth of six strains of lactobacilli in media containing purified human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) obtained from breast milk. Based on the evaluation of bacterial densities in the growth media,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 9

The efficacy of four gametocides for induction of pollen sterility in Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Effective chemical hybridizing agents (CHAs) or male gametocides enhance cross pollination in plant breeding and genetic analysis of traits. The present study examined the efficacy and optimum concentration of four CHAs, namely: 2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid (Ethrel), ethyl 4'-fluorooxanilate (E4FO), 2, 4-dichlorphenoxy acetic acid (2, 4-D) and Promalin® (1.8% GA47 – gibberellins A4+A7 and 1.8% 6-BA–benzyladenine) on pollen... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 9

Lettuce growth characteristics as affected by fertilizers, liming, and a soil conditioner

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

The aim of this work was to test fertilizers, liming, and levels of a soil conditioner produced from leonardite, composed by humic and fulvic acids on “iceberg” lettuce growth characteristics. The experimental design was completely randomized in a 5×3×2 factorial scheme, with 5 levels of soil conditioner (0, 20, 40, 100 and 200 L ha-1), 3 fertilizers [chicken manure, plant compost (plant residues and cattle manure) and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Genotype by environment interaction of some faba bean genotypes under diverse broomrape environments of Tigray, Ethiopia

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Advanced breeding lines with acceptable resistance and tolerance levels to broomrape is an important way of decreasing yield loss. The objective of this research was to assess the yield stability of faba bean genotypes under diverse broomrape (Orobanche crenata) prone production environments. Six faba bean genotypes were tested across six environments. The AMMI analysis showed significant (P<0.01) genotype, environment and genotype by environment... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Inter-ethnic relation among Awi and Gumuz, Northwestern Ethiopia since 1974: A shift from hostile to peaceful co-existence

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Longstanding relationship (amicable and hostile) has existed between Awi andGumuz nationalities since Aksumite era. Their early relationship had been full of pain because of the fact that the successive highland kings had appointed Awi chiefs to run state affairs in Gumuz community, which left bad seed on the future relation between two generations.  As time went on, a shift from hostile to friendly relation marked since the change of politics... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Evaluating the social contract theoretical ideas of Jean Jacques Rousseau: An analytical perspective on the state and relevance to contemporary society

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper evaluates the social contract theory from the view point of Jean Jacques Rousseau and applies the relevance to contemporary society. It is found that the social contract theorists traced the origin of the state to a social contract by individuals after an experience from the state of nature. Rousseau’s state of nature initially guaranteed freedom and good life for the individuals until the institution of private property ushered... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

The relativity of heterosexual norms and gender power on young people’s sexuality in Africa

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Within sociological discourse, young people’s sexual practices have become an area of particular interest as sociologists attempt to contextualise sexuality as multifaceted social experiences rather than as psychological or psychoanalytic processes. This study introduces a conceptual framework for investigating young people’s sexuality and sexual practices in African context. It was achieved through a critical review of the conceptual... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

A comparative analysis of technical efficiency of smallholder tobacco and maize farmers in Tabora, Tanzania

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The study presented here considers the relative efficiency of planting tobacco and maize in the tobacco-producing Tabora region of Tanzania. The study used a 2013 survey that was conducted among smallholder farmers in the Tabora region. The aim was to investigate whether farmers are better off planting tobacco or maize. The paper briefly reviews the importance of agriculture in general and tobacco planting in particular on the Tanzanian economy. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Mediatizing security operations: An ethical and professional assessment of Media coverage of insecurity in Kenya

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

This study sought to establish the adherence to professional and ethical principles of reporting insecurity matters by journalists in Kenya. Kenya has continuously grappled with national security issues since the 1998 US embassy bomb attack. Terrorist attacks have become a frequent and major cause of insecurity. This has been aggravated by the frequent sectarian, religious and ethnic violence in various parts of the country. Notably, some of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Menace of illegal motor parks in Nigerian urban environment: Example from Ilorin city

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Parking lots are areas designated and fixed by the authority of city’s management or its agents to ease inter and intra-transport systems for long or short journey passengers. Parking lot is an essential part of the transport system; it plays a crucial role in the management of traffic and congestion. But where these lots are not authorized they become illegal parking. Illegal parking lot forms one of the major problems that makes traffic... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 2

Optimization of micropropagation protocol for three cotton varieties regenerated from apical shoot

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The need for alternative strategies to obtain transgenic cotton via apical shoot was necessitated due to the recalcitrance of cotton regeneration from somatic embryogenesis, this has greatly slowed down the development of transgenic cottons. To this effect, an optimized regeneration system from apical shoot was developed for three varieties of cotton. Ninety-five percent seed surface sterility was observed in seed germination using a combination of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Jane Eyre searching for belonging

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper tackles Jane Eyre's journey to get belonging. This journey passes five phases. The paper is not going to focus on these chronological phases in details or highlight on them. The major task of the researcher is to discuss two major points: Jane's consistent endeavors to have belonging and the moral stance of Jane to achieve this purpose. These two points will give the researcher a convenient chance to manipulate such characters as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Effects of stocking density on haematological functions of juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed varying crude protein levels

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study was carried out to evaluate the growth performance and some haematological functions of Clarias gariepinus fed different levels of crude protein under varying stocking densities. Fish of even sizes were randomly selected and stocked in plastic circular tanks (0.05 x 0.03 x 0.03 m) at three stocking densities of 10 fish/m3 (control), 15 fish/m3 and 20 fish/m3. The fish of each stocking density were fed either a diet containing 40% Crude... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Gift tax compliance in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi Metropolis

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

The study examined the awareness and level of compliance of gift tax among taxpayers in Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. Two hundred and fifty-two respondents were sampled for the study using the purposive sampling method. Questionnaire and interview guides were used to solicit data and information from the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of excel package. The results of the study... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Stability analysis of components characters in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp)

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Stability of yield and its attributes were assessed for nineteen genotypes over twelve environments (two seasons 2009 and 2010 × six planting dates), to determine the quantitative responses of cowpea genotypes. The interaction between genotypes and environments (G×E) were significant for all the characters studied characters except pod length, hundred seed weight and weight of pods per plant. The longest pods and heaviest hundred seeds... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of communal land sub-division and land use changes on household waste production in the Southern rangelands of Kenya

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

In the past few decades, the inhabitants of now Kajiado County in the southern rangelands of Kenya have experienced changes in land tenure and in land use that have impacted other aspects of their livelihoods as well as the environment. The study sought to examine these changes within the context of their potential influences on the household production and management of solid waste. Local residents from three different study areas were interviewed... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Diagnostic approaches for tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases in livestock

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are a major economic constraint to livestock production affecting the productivity of livestock worldwide. Identification of these haemoprotozan and rickettsial infections is essential in understanding the epidemiology and it is important to distinguish between species and subspecies involved. Conventional techniques including serological and microscopic examinations do not always meet these requirements. Clinical... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Clinical benefits to pregnant women on the use of rapid diagnostic test to microscopy in malarial diagnosis in Jigawa State, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The study was aimed at comparing rapid diagnostic test kits (RDTs) and microscopy in detecting sequestered placental malaria or deep tissue malaria from pregnant women and the clinical benefits that can be derived. About 300 pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Five (5) ml of venous and placental blood was collected into an ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tube, respectively. The blood samples were tested for malaria using microscopy and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Triglyceride lowering by chromium picolinate in type 2 diabetic people

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

In some studies in diabetic people, chromium picolinate supplementation has lowered readings for both plasma triglycerides and blood sugar. In the present study, relatively low dose supplementation (200 µg chromium) did not lower blood sugar readings, but did lower triglyceride values in people with the following characteristics: type 2 diabetes, moderately elevated blood sugar, and not using insulin therapy. These results support the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Medical Case Studies

Med. Case Stud.

Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Effect of skill level and indirect measurements in the attack situations in handball

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of visual search and skill-level on the spatial occlusion anticipation in handball players. Thirty skilled and thirty unskilled handball players aged 20 to 35 years anticipated the situation of seven handball attack video movies. Visual search behavior was measured by using validated researcher made questionnaire. The results of anticipation illustrated that, skilled players were better than... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Effect of poultry manure and NPK on yield and storability of orange-and white-fleshed sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam]

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] is amongst the most commonly grown root crops in Sub-Saharan Africa. Comparatively,orange-fleshed cultivars of sweet potato are richer in beta carotene, a precursor to dietary vitamin A than white-fleshed ones. In spite of their health benefits, yields have been low in Africa due to low soil fertility. Studies were therefore conducted to determine the effect of amending soils with poultry manure and NPKmineral... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Information Technology (IT) for teaching and learning

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

The present research discusses the challenges to learning and its methodological principles posed by the new technologies. It will be argued that the integration of new media into learning is a necessary step ensuring the acquisition of the kind of teaching and learning needed for living and working in the knowledge society. In response to a growing dependency on IT technology, learning how to use the IT has become part of many public educational... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Effects of sound waves on the enzyme activity of rice-koji

African Journal of Biochemistry Research

Afr. J. Biochem. Res.

Rice-koji is an important agent for the saccharification of fermented food production in Japan. In koji-making, temperature, humidity, light and oxygen are important environmental factors. However, there is no report of koji-making controlled by sound wave. In this study, focusing on the enzyme activity of rice-koji, we confirmed the relationship between enzyme activity and frequency of sound waves. Here, the enzyme activities of rice-koji cultured... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Elevation of oxidative stress markers in Type 1 diabetic children

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology

J. Diabetes Endocrinol.

Children’s diabetes is represented by the Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). In T1DM, the persistence of hyperglycemia has been reported to cause increased production of oxygen free radicals through glucose autooxidation and nonenzymatic glycation. The aim of this study was to evaluate markers of oxidant/antioxidant status in diabetic children of Western Algeria. This study included 40 children with T1DM with mean age of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Computerized tomography scan and head injury: The experience in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria: A cross sectional study

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

Trauma is the leading cause of death in all age groups, and head trauma is the cause of death in more than 50% of cases. Head injury reduces the level of physical and mental health of a community, ultimately increasing the socioeconomic burden. In our resource limited country, skull x ray was the main mode of investigating head trauma until recently when computerized tomography (CT) scans became the modality of choice in the initial work up of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

The sociology and social science of ‘evil’: Is the conception of pedophilia ‘evil’?

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper approaches ‘evil’ from sociological and social science perspectives, using them to increase our insight into the concept of ‘evil’ since they have long neglected direct analyses of ‘evil’. For example, sociology has focused on questions of the good, treating its other as an absence or a residual category. Durkheim suggested to avoid using common sense categorisations, without exploring their social... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Perfection of unused Ni-Ti endodontic files, myth or reality? A scanning electron microscope (SEM) study

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Endodontic rotary files have been developed to improve the quality of root canal preparation. However, such instruments have a risk of separation. In most cases, the files are not checked for quality before use. Instead, they are often removed from the packages, sterilized and used without being examined for the presence of imperfections or debris. Practitioners were always to be blamed of such mishaps, but recently there has been some... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Adolescents’ perception of career choice of nursing among selected secondary schools in Jos, Nigeria

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The main purpose of this study was to examine the adolescents’ perception and choice of nursing as a career in senior secondary schools, and to determine factors that may influence their choice and perception. The study was conducted in four selected schools in Jos metropolis. Each of these schools is unique in features. They include: two government secondary schools (urban and rural) and two private secondary schools (urban and rural). A... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Exposure to ZnO-NPs enhanced gut- associated microbial activity in Eisenia fetida

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

With advent of the nanotechnology era, the environmental risk has continuously been receiving engineered nanomaterials, as well as their derivatives. Our current understanding of the potential impact of nanomaterials and their effect on soil organism is limited. The present study fills the gap between effect of manufactured nanomaterials (NPs) and their available natural scavengers. In the study,  earthworm Eisenia fetida (EW), which occupies... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The modified simple equation method for solving nonlinear diffusive predator-prey system and Bogoyavlenskii equations

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

The modified simple equation method (The modified SEM) is employed to find the exact traveling wave solutions involving parameters for two nonlinear evolution equations, namely, the diffusive predator-prey system and the Bogoyavlenskii equations. When these parameters are taken to be special values, the solitary wave solutions are derived from the exact traveling wave solutions. It is shown that the modified SEM provides an effective and a more... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 4

Herbal medicines use among diabetic patients in Oriental Morocco

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of herbal medicines (HM) use among diabetic patients in Oriental Morocco, in order to establish an updated inventory of HM consumption and determine the predictive factors of their use in our patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study during three months from March, 2013 to May, 2013 including all diabetic patients consulting at the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Mohammed VI... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effect of FDI on economic growth and the importance of host country characteristics

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

In spite of a large increase in FDI inflows to developing countries, the effect of FDI flows on economic growth remains confusing. The recent contribution of modern economic growth theories in general predicts that FDI can be the main catalyst of economic growth in the receiving countries. Empirical studies, however, produce ambiguous results, and suggest that the growth effects of FDI are conditional on the host country characteristics. The main... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Keeping religion out of a conflict: Learning from the Kenyan Church

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Religion can be argued to be back into the public sphere of society casting doubt on the secularization theories. Though religion is said to be largely ambivalent, when involved, it complicates conflicts. In our modern multi-religious societies, keeping religion out of the conflict can be of benefit. Kenya´s involvement in the war against terror in Somalia was initially against the militant group, Al- Shabaab but the conflict got complicated... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated and identified from salt marsh plant in Vellar Estuary

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials

J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi isolated from leaves and stems of Suaeda maritima and Suaeda monoica. Many endophytes were isolated by using potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. All the endophytic isolates were identified by using standard taxonomic keys and monographs. From a total of 16 isolates, nine potent strains were taken for further study. The fungal culture was extracted with ethyl... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Genetic diversity of sesame germplasm collection (SESAMUM INDICUM L.): implication for conservation, improvement and use

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

Genetic diversity assessment of genetic resources maintained at Gene-Banks has important implication for future improvement, conservation and collection activities. However, such information is not available for sesame collected by IBC, Ethiopia. Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker was used to assess the level of genetic diversity, genetic structure and genetic distance, and to indirectly estimate the level of gene flow among populations of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Hybrid diagnosing techniques for analyzing dissolved gases in power transformers

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

Safe operation of elements of power systems plays a crucial role in maintaining the reliability and safety of the system. Transformers being a key element in power systems need to be maintained and monitored on a regular basis. Dissolved gas analysis has been used as a reliable tool in maintaining the safe operation of transformers for a long time. Analysis of dissolved gases is analytical and often interpreted differently by different users and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Influence of different concentrations of CO2 in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of carbon dioxide associated with a fixed concentration of oxygen in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'. Experiment was based on a complete random split plot design, five atmosphere conditions, five analysis dates with three replications, each consisting of five fruits. The treatments were based on five atmospheres of CO2, that is, 1, 3, 6... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Review on convectional and advanced diagnostic techniques of human tuberculosis

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

Tuberculosis is a major health problem throughout the world causing large number of deaths, more than that of any other single infectious disease. Accurate and early diagnosis of tuberculosis is important for its effective management. The continued development of affordable, sensitive, and specific diagnostic tools will be required for use in resource-poor settings, where the incidence of disease is the highest like Ethiopia. This paper was done to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Hairy roots production in Phyllanthus odontadenius Müll. Arg. by seedlings transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4RS/pHKN29

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Phyllanthus odontadenius Müll. Arg is one of the most important medicinal plants in the genus Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae). It is used in different regions in the world for the treatment of various diseases for example malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum causing millions deaths in tropical and subtropical regions. In this work, we experimented P. odontadenius seeds germination and seedlings infected by Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4RS/pHKN9.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Social organization in the mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) population in the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

  This study was conducted in 2009 and 2011 in the Bale Mountains National Park in Ethiopia to assess social organization of endemic and endangered mountain nyala. The main objectives of this study were to identify social group types of the mountain nyala in the park, and to determine the frequency of occurrences, group sizes and number of age/sex categories in social group types. Based on age/sex composition, five social group types were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

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