Some of biosecurity measurements in different dairy farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Ninety dairy farms were surveyed in Khartoum State to investigate their veterinary supervision, management, husbandry, biosecurity and hygienic practices. The information was collected by using questionnaire, visits and direct interviews with farm owners. Supervision of the dairy farms revealed highly significant (P < 0.001) variations and mostly done by the owners and herd keepers (60.8%). Cows alone as the main milk producing animals represent... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

A decision framework for resource poor smallholder farmers on maize production based on results from empirical studies in the coastal lowlands of Kenya

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Maize is a principal food crop in Kenya and the coastal lowlands. Choice of the enterprise at household level is influenced by the social position maize commands both as a staple food and trade facility or good while production patterns are dictated by various factors among them being resource endowment. Research in the recent past has provided technological recommendations that include fertilizer and pesticides use along with yield data with... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The role of small arms and light weapons proliferation in African conflicts

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Africa is transiting through a trying phase in the history of its evolution as a major world civilization. These trying challenges are characterized by the extremes of hunger, the conditions of massive refugee flow and internally displaced persons occasioned by the gruesome phenomenon of violent conflicts and wars. The paper sets out essentially to establish the connection between the massive flow of small arms and light weapons (SALW) since the end... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Communication without content? On how theory of communication can have its horizons broadened by Whitehead's thinking

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

According  to  Whitehead,  the  things  of  world  are  at  the  same  time  strange  and provoking. We do not perceive them, but rather prehend them; they occupy us before we occupy them. The prehension happens at first as affection and only afterwards as cognition. Therefore, its approach is before anything else aesthetic, not ethical. Even so, beauty does not exist, for we are the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The persistence of western negative perceptions about Africa: Factoring in the role of Africans

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Africa has continued to be looked down upon by the Western powers. Negative perceptions and representations such as civil wars, hunger, corruption, greed, selfishness, diseases, poverty, and the like have been the defining characters of Africa and the Africans in the minds of many Western people. While the mainstream media has been blamed for much of Africa’s negative perceptions, little has been done to establish how Africans have actively... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Household location and self-assessed health among Brazilian adults living in large cities: A multilevel analysis

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

This paper evaluated the effect of household location on self-assessed health among adults living in large cities, with adjustments for environmental characteristics inside and outside homes and for characteristics of the individual. The results showed that, in comparison with rural areas, urban areas were associated with better self-assessed health levels among adults. Although the adjusted analysis did not show any statistically significant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Knowledge and oral health related behavior among visually impaired subjects in Jazan Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Knowledge and awareness of oral health issues are essential for prevention of dental and other associated systemic diseases. This study explores among visually impaired subjects living in Jazan region, with the respect to frequency and quality of use and the effect of type of blindness on the distribution of oral health related knowledge and behavior. Supervisors taking care of visually impaired subjects of different degrees were informed about the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

“They will not even give me a cup of water”: Stress and coping among women living with HIV in Southern India

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

Limited research has examined the mental health of women living with HIV and AIDS in low and middle income countries such as India. This exploratory study examined distress and coping among twenty HIV positive women in rural southern India. Focus groups were conducted in Tamil, and coded for thematic content. Women were asked about hardships, support from the community, and preferred forms of coping. Several themes emerged including: social and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Financial ratios between fraudulent and non-fraudulent firms: Evidence from Tehran Stock Exchange

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Fraud is a broad concept with two basic types seen in practice. The first is the misappropriation of assets and the second is fraudulent financial reporting. Fraudulent financial reporting usually occurs in the form of falsification of financial statements in order to obtain some forms of benefit. The current research compares the financial ratios between fraudulent and non-fraudulent firms for the companies listed on Tehran Stock Exchange. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Postcolonial adaptation and appropriation in Chinua Achebe

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

Post colonialism is generally taken to be a term of repression and resistance. But post colonialism need not necessarily connote a violent reaction of the dominating and the dominated against each other. In fact more than repression and regression, cultural and political adaptation and appropriation seem to have been at work in this process. Several postcolonial theorists have condoned the view that colonialism and post colonialism are a process of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Determining the causes for the exodus of technical teachers from teaching in technical and vocational institutions to other jobs in Katsina State, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study aimed to determine the causes for the exodus of technical teachers from teaching in TVET to other jobs in Katsina State, Nigeria. For convenience of data collection, research questions were formulated.The survey questionnaire was developed with 15 items and used to question technical education administrators, technical education principals/vice principals and technical teachers in TVET institutions who constituted the sample. A total of 10... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Use of electronic information resources at College of Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mekelle University, Ethiopia

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

This study aims to examine the use of electronic information sources (EIS) by the teaching faculties. The survey was administrated among the academic community along with the observation and informal interviews at the College of Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources, ‘Mekelle University’ Ethiopia in the year 2014. Pre structured questionnaires were sent to 176 teaching faculties to know how they elaborate the various aspects of EIS... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The postponed discourse in Habasha identity: Real or performance?

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Founded on different written sources and personal accounts, this article aims to caution the taken for granted suppositions behind Habasha identity. The term Habasha is challenged that it does not really denote a unitary identity, culturally or historically. The history of Habasha, its origin and representation somehow has been written and rewritten on ideological positions that are often incompatible. Three interacted  positions come to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Falling sex ratio in Jammu and Kashmir: Trends, determinants and consequences

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

The 2011 Census has exposed some noteworthy and perturbing features with regard to regional pattern of sex ratio in Jammu and Kashmir which necessitates some illumination. Since the beginning of this century, the sex ratio in the total population has long been low in Jammu and Kashmir. The provisional data in 2011 Census showed that the overall sex ratio came down to 883 females per 1000 males against 892 females per 1000 males in 2001. Decline in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Physical and chemical quality of raw cow's milk produced and marketed in Shashemene Town, Southern Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

The aim of this study was to assess physical and chemical quality of raw cow’s milk produced and marketed in Shashemene town, Ethiopia. A total of 48 samples of raw cow’s milk were collected in the morning. All of the samples were collected using proportional random sampling method. The means for temperature, pH, specific gravity, titratable acidity, total solids, fat, solids-not-fat, protein, ash and lactose contents of milk samples... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

Nutrients content, characterization and oil extraction from Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. fruits

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

Proximate composition, physical and chemical analysis of the pulp, kernel and oils of Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. were investigated. The macauba pulp and the kernel represented 49 and 6.25% of the mass of the whole fruit, respectively. The main components present in the pulp and kernel are lipids (23.62 and 46.96%) and fibers (13.89 and 15.81%). Furthermore, the mineral analysis showed that the kernel had more micronutrients than pulp,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Solid medical waste management in Africa

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Increased awareness about inadequate management of solid medical waste (SMW) has led to increased independent surveys in African countries and yet published data remain scanty on the subject in Africa as compared to the rest of the world. To evaluate the overall compliance with World Health Organization (WHO)’s ten recommendations on SMW practices in Africa through a literature review, we conducted literature search using search terms as... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

Optical properties of ZnO thin films deposed by RF magnetron

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

We have grown ZnO thin films on glass substrate by R.F magnetron sputtering using metallic zinc target. The influences of some parameters on thin film optical properties were assessed. They exhibited extremely high resistivity of 1012 Ω.cm, an energy gap of 3.3 eV at room temperature. It was found that a R.F power of 50 W, a target to substrate distance of 70 mm, very low gas pressures of 3.35 x 10-3 Torr of argon and oxygen mixed gas atmosphere... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 5

The new approach to sport medicine: 3-D reconstruction

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study is to present a new approach to sport medicine. Comparative analysis of the Vertebrae Lumbales was done in sedentary group and Muay Thai athletes. It was done by acquiring three dimensional (3-D) data and models through photogrammetric methods from the Multi-detector Computerized Tomography (MDCT) images of the Vertebrae Lumbales sections in male Muay Thai athletes and the sedentary (control) group. 5 male Muay Thai athletes... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 5

Optimization of L-glutaminase synthesis by Aspergillus oryzae NRRL 32657 in submerged culture

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Various fungal strains have been screened for L- glutaminase synthesis.  Aspergillus oryzae NRRL 32657 proved to be the highest producer (24.19 U.ml-1) with the largest pink zone diameter (8 mm). Production of L- glutaminase (E.C. 3.5.1.2. L-glutamine amidohydrolase) by A. oryzae in batch submerged system was optimized. Several factors: incubation period, source and concentration of carbon, source and concentration of nitrogen, initial pH... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 9

Recent characterization of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV) in Bahia State, Brazil, suggests potential regional isolation

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Woodiness disease is the most important disorder of passion fruit worldwide. The causal agent in Brazil is the Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus (CABMV), and despite the economic relevance of passion fruit for agriculture there have been recently very few studies about this virus in Brazil and worldwide. This work reveals the phylogenetic relationships of 10 newly identified CABMV isolates from Bahia State, the region where CABMV was first identified... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 9

Influence of rooting media and number of nodes per stem cutting on nursery performance of vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Andr. syn. Vanilla fragrans)

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

The effect of rooting media and number of nodes per cutting on nursery performance of vanilla fragrance were evaluated in South-western Ethiopia in 2011/ 2012. Six rooting media (forest soil, decomposed animal manure, fine sand, 1:1 mixture of forest soil: fine sand, 1:1 mixture of decomposed animal manure: fine sand and 1:1:1 mixture of forest soil: decomposed animal manure: fine sand) and four levels of node number (two, three, four, and five node... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Crossability and germinability potentials of some cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) progenitors for selection

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Controlled crosses and selection of promising cassava genotypes were carried out at Cassava Breeding Programme of National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike, Nigeria, in 2010. A 3 x 3 North Carolina mating design was used to generate nine F1 population. Out of 7,044 seeds expected from all the pollinated flowers, only 1,102 seeds (15.6%) were harvested. Majority of the pollinated flowers did not develop into fruits due to abortion that... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Re-Africanizing the educational system of Ethiopia

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This paper tries to show the evolutionary development of education in Ethiopia along with its historic dysfunctions on the prospect of social transformation. The historical backdrop that centered on traditional educational system, which was predominantly ecclesiastical, is also briefly outlined for the sake of coherent understanding of the link and the miss-link in the educational system of the country. Ethiopia had started indigenized education in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Cultural theory elaborations without predictive utility

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

There is no single work that has stirred the debate about cultural theory in social science than Aaron Wildavsky’s “Choosing Preferences by Constructing Institutions: A Cultural Theory of Preference Formation”. Anthropologists’ use of culture as an explanatory tool is quite acceptable because they (anthropologists) usually seek to describe what has been observed by using history, artifacts, language, lineage, etc. to link the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Education criminality, graduates employability and the Maicibi’s formula: Friends or foes?

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

A goat, a hyena and grass are dangerous bedfellows and thus cannot be friends. This analogy is similar to when one asks whether criminality in the education sector can enable or disable graduates to earn the necessary skills needed by employers; and further if Maicibi’s formula can be a moderating variable in this relationship. Studies in Europe (most likely with similar results in Africa) have indicated that employers very much value sector... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Competitiveness of cocoa-based farming household in Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Nigeria is the third largest producer of cocoa in Africa producing about 6% of the total World production. The objective of this study is to assess the competitiveness, comparative advantage and effect of government policies on cocoa production in Ondo State, Nigeria. The analysis was conducted for sole and intercropped cocoa production systems. Primary and secondary data were utilized for the study and were analyzed using the framework of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Model of communicative competence formation

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

In recent years, in line with the communicative and especially cognitive-communicative approaches in native and foreign methodology, the problem of forming the abilities of communicative competence "as the main component of the professional qualifications competency of the modern specialist" is being actively developed.  At the same time, monitoring the process of teaching FL in educational establishments shows that students do not... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Health impact assessment of community-based solid waste management facilities in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Adverse inter-relationships between man and his environment has been the main cause of disequilibrium, which usually result in negative effects to man himself, his environment and his survival as epitomized by the current global climate change phenomenon. This study applied the concept of Health Impact Assessment (HIA), an evolution of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to predict the health impact of the proposed community-based solid waste... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 2

Optimization of micropropagation protocol for three cotton varieties regenerated from apical shoot

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The need for alternative strategies to obtain transgenic cotton via apical shoot was necessitated due to the recalcitrance of cotton regeneration from somatic embryogenesis, this has greatly slowed down the development of transgenic cottons. To this effect, an optimized regeneration system from apical shoot was developed for three varieties of cotton. Ninety-five percent seed surface sterility was observed in seed germination using a combination of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Jane Eyre searching for belonging

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper tackles Jane Eyre's journey to get belonging. This journey passes five phases. The paper is not going to focus on these chronological phases in details or highlight on them. The major task of the researcher is to discuss two major points: Jane's consistent endeavors to have belonging and the moral stance of Jane to achieve this purpose. These two points will give the researcher a convenient chance to manipulate such characters as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Particulating broiler finisher feeds into forms and diameters for nutritional and economic benefits (part 2)

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

A study was conducted to examine the nutritional and economic effects of using pellet diets at various pellet diameters of 2, 4 and 6 mm pellet for broiler finisher birds in an experiment using Arbor Acre broilers chickens. Two hundred and forty Arbor Acre birds at the finisher phase (28-56 days) of broiler production were used in a 2 x 4 factorial experiment using completely randomized design. Diets in this study had same quantities of ingredients... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Gift tax compliance in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi Metropolis

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

The study examined the awareness and level of compliance of gift tax among taxpayers in Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. Two hundred and fifty-two respondents were sampled for the study using the purposive sampling method. Questionnaire and interview guides were used to solicit data and information from the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of excel package. The results of the study... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Stability analysis of components characters in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp)

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Stability of yield and its attributes were assessed for nineteen genotypes over twelve environments (two seasons 2009 and 2010 × six planting dates), to determine the quantitative responses of cowpea genotypes. The interaction between genotypes and environments (G×E) were significant for all the characters studied characters except pod length, hundred seed weight and weight of pods per plant. The longest pods and heaviest hundred seeds... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of communal land sub-division and land use changes on household waste production in the Southern rangelands of Kenya

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

In the past few decades, the inhabitants of now Kajiado County in the southern rangelands of Kenya have experienced changes in land tenure and in land use that have impacted other aspects of their livelihoods as well as the environment. The study sought to examine these changes within the context of their potential influences on the household production and management of solid waste. Local residents from three different study areas were interviewed... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Major gastrointestinal helminth parasites of grazing small ruminants in and around Ambo town of Central Oromia, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of small ruminant helminthosis and associated risk factors in and around Ambo town of central Oromia, Ethiopia between February and May, 2013. A total of 120 small ruminants were examined using standard parasitological procedures. The study showed that 49.2% of the study animals were found to harbor eggs of one or more gastrointestinal helminth parasites. Both sheep and goats have... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Care of patients with liver cirrhosis: How are we doing?

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Cirrhosis carries high morbidity and mortality due to various complications and decompensation, which can be decreased by following various practice guidelines, which are variedly followed in actual practice. This multicentric prospective/retrospective study was conducted over a 3 month period to assess actual care of patients with cirrhosis. 416 patients with cirrhosis (median age 53 years, 316 males) were included in the study. A comprehensive... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Malnutrition in Albania, related problems and flour fortification as a solution

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Micronutrient deficiencies are caused mainly by an inadequate intake of vitamins and minerals, as a consequence of an unbalanced diet composed mostly of carbohydrates in the conditions of poverty, the inability to take a variety of nutrients, the lack of knowledge on the most appropriate feeding practices and the relatively high incidence of infectious diseases. From a public health perspective, the importance of these deficiencies depends on the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Medical Case Studies

Med. Case Stud.

Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Effect of skill level and indirect measurements in the attack situations in handball

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

J. Neurosci. Behav. Health

The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of visual search and skill-level on the spatial occlusion anticipation in handball players. Thirty skilled and thirty unskilled handball players aged 20 to 35 years anticipated the situation of seven handball attack video movies. Visual search behavior was measured by using validated researcher made questionnaire. The results of anticipation illustrated that, skilled players were better than... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Effect of poultry manure and NPK on yield and storability of orange-and white-fleshed sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam]

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] is amongst the most commonly grown root crops in Sub-Saharan Africa. Comparatively,orange-fleshed cultivars of sweet potato are richer in beta carotene, a precursor to dietary vitamin A than white-fleshed ones. In spite of their health benefits, yields have been low in Africa due to low soil fertility. Studies were therefore conducted to determine the effect of amending soils with poultry manure and NPKmineral... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Information Technology (IT) for teaching and learning

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

The present research discusses the challenges to learning and its methodological principles posed by the new technologies. It will be argued that the integration of new media into learning is a necessary step ensuring the acquisition of the kind of teaching and learning needed for living and working in the knowledge society. In response to a growing dependency on IT technology, learning how to use the IT has become part of many public educational... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Characterization of partially purified cysteine protease inhibitor from Tetracarpidium conophorum (African walnut)

African Journal of Biochemistry Research

Afr. J. Biochem. Res.

Cysteine protease inhibitors (CPIs) have been known to be present in a variety of seeds of plants, and have been intensively studied as useful tools for potential utilization in pharmacology. This study reports the isolation of CPI from Tetracarpidium conophorum by 65% ammonium sulphate saturation, followed by ion exchange chromatography; further purification was by gel filtration chromatography. The molecular weight of the partially purified... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

Elevation of oxidative stress markers in Type 1 diabetic children

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology

J. Diabetes Endocrinol.

Children’s diabetes is represented by the Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). In T1DM, the persistence of hyperglycemia has been reported to cause increased production of oxygen free radicals through glucose autooxidation and nonenzymatic glycation. The aim of this study was to evaluate markers of oxidant/antioxidant status in diabetic children of Western Algeria. This study included 40 children with T1DM with mean age of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Computerized tomography scan and head injury: The experience in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria: A cross sectional study

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

Trauma is the leading cause of death in all age groups, and head trauma is the cause of death in more than 50% of cases. Head injury reduces the level of physical and mental health of a community, ultimately increasing the socioeconomic burden. In our resource limited country, skull x ray was the main mode of investigating head trauma until recently when computerized tomography (CT) scans became the modality of choice in the initial work up of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

The sociology and social science of ‘evil’: Is the conception of pedophilia ‘evil’?

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper approaches ‘evil’ from sociological and social science perspectives, using them to increase our insight into the concept of ‘evil’ since they have long neglected direct analyses of ‘evil’. For example, sociology has focused on questions of the good, treating its other as an absence or a residual category. Durkheim suggested to avoid using common sense categorisations, without exploring their social... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Traumatic dental injury in primary teeth: Knowledge and management in Brazilian preschool teachers

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Knowledge about the importance of primary teeth and correct attitudes in dental trauma emergency procedures can lead to adequate care, improving the prognosis and avoiding serious consequences for the child primary and permanent dentition. The aim this study was to evaluate the knowledge and behavior in a group of Brazilian preschool teachers, relative to dental trauma in primary teeth. In this cross-sectional study, preschool teachers from 32... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Adolescents’ perception of career choice of nursing among selected secondary schools in Jos, Nigeria

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The main purpose of this study was to examine the adolescents’ perception and choice of nursing as a career in senior secondary schools, and to determine factors that may influence their choice and perception. The study was conducted in four selected schools in Jos metropolis. Each of these schools is unique in features. They include: two government secondary schools (urban and rural) and two private secondary schools (urban and rural). A... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Haemato-pathological effect of dichlorvos on blood picture and liver cells of albino rats

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

The effect of intraperitonal exposure of dichlorvos an organophosphate (OP) pesticide, on haematology parameters and liver pathology of Wister rats was investigated.  Thirty male albino rats grouped into six (6) of five rats each were injected with 0, 3.7, 7.4, 11.1, 14.8 and 18.5mg/kg of dichlorvos (DDVP) (1 ml/kg) respectively. The haematological parameters measured were red blood cells, haemoglobin; packed cell volume, total white blood... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The modified simple equation method for solving nonlinear diffusive predator-prey system and Bogoyavlenskii equations

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

The modified simple equation method (The modified SEM) is employed to find the exact traveling wave solutions involving parameters for two nonlinear evolution equations, namely, the diffusive predator-prey system and the Bogoyavlenskii equations. When these parameters are taken to be special values, the solitary wave solutions are derived from the exact traveling wave solutions. It is shown that the modified SEM provides an effective and a more... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 4

Herbal medicines use among diabetic patients in Oriental Morocco

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of herbal medicines (HM) use among diabetic patients in Oriental Morocco, in order to establish an updated inventory of HM consumption and determine the predictive factors of their use in our patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study during three months from March, 2013 to May, 2013 including all diabetic patients consulting at the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Mohammed VI... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Relative consequences due to absence of corporate governance in nationalized and private commercial banks in Bangladesh

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This study produces weak and ineffective corporate governance practices in both state owned and privately owned commercial banks in Bangladesh. The paper presents key aspects requiring reforms: the role, constitution and accountability of board, risk management, and transparency. To analyze the corporate governance practices of the private commercial banks (PCBs) and State owned commercial (SCBs), this study focused on four aspects of corporate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Gender inequality in reproductive health services and sustainable development in Nigeria: A theoretical analysis

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

If policies for the promotion of gender equality are to be realizable their goals must include equitable distribution of health related resources in line with MDG goals 3 and 5 which focus on promoting gender equality, empowerment of women and family planning. This requires careful identification of the similarities and differences in the use of family planning as a component of reproductive health. It also necessitates an analysis of the gendered... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated and identified from salt marsh plant in Vellar Estuary

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials

J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi isolated from leaves and stems of Suaeda maritima and Suaeda monoica. Many endophytes were isolated by using potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. All the endophytic isolates were identified by using standard taxonomic keys and monographs. From a total of 16 isolates, nine potent strains were taken for further study. The fungal culture was extracted with ethyl... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Genetic diversity of sesame germplasm collection (SESAMUM INDICUM L.): implication for conservation, improvement and use

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

Genetic diversity assessment of genetic resources maintained at Gene-Banks has important implication for future improvement, conservation and collection activities. However, such information is not available for sesame collected by IBC, Ethiopia. Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker was used to assess the level of genetic diversity, genetic structure and genetic distance, and to indirectly estimate the level of gene flow among populations of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Hybrid diagnosing techniques for analyzing dissolved gases in power transformers

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

Safe operation of elements of power systems plays a crucial role in maintaining the reliability and safety of the system. Transformers being a key element in power systems need to be maintained and monitored on a regular basis. Dissolved gas analysis has been used as a reliable tool in maintaining the safe operation of transformers for a long time. Analysis of dissolved gases is analytical and often interpreted differently by different users and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Influence of different concentrations of CO2 in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of carbon dioxide associated with a fixed concentration of oxygen in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'. Experiment was based on a complete random split plot design, five atmosphere conditions, five analysis dates with three replications, each consisting of five fruits. The treatments were based on five atmospheres of CO2, that is, 1, 3, 6... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Review on convectional and advanced diagnostic techniques of human tuberculosis

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

Tuberculosis is a major health problem throughout the world causing large number of deaths, more than that of any other single infectious disease. Accurate and early diagnosis of tuberculosis is important for its effective management. The continued development of affordable, sensitive, and specific diagnostic tools will be required for use in resource-poor settings, where the incidence of disease is the highest like Ethiopia. This paper was done to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

In-situ morphological characterization of coconut in the Coastal Lowlands of Kenya

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Characterization of in situ coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) genotypes using morphological descriptors is of primary importance for genetic resources. Variations in five traits were recorded on 48 selected coconut palms located at 0 to 177 m above sea level in the Coastal Lowlands of Kenya. The objective of our study was to characterize coconut palms in the coastal Kenya using morphological markers. Data was recorded on palms that included tall, dwarf... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 2

A new locality record for an endangered tree species Pittosporum eriocarpum Royle (Pittosporaceae) in India

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Pittosporum eriocarpum Royle (Pittosporaceae) an endangered tree species is collected and reported for the first time from the Kangri, Dhamrol village of Bhoranj block which is quite near to Bhareri of Jahu road of district Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, North West Himalaya. This makes another locality record for an endangered tree species in the North West Himalaya. A detailed taxonomic description of the species along with colour photographs and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

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