Effect of radiation on pregnancy

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of radiation on pregnancy. 20 experimental animals (rabbits) were exposed to X-ray (10 random exposure to represent patients’ dose and 10 continuous to represent radiation workers dose). Each sample was exposed to X-ray and this dose measured with thermo luminous dosimeter (MGP instruments DMC 2000X) in the first, second and third trimester then the dose accumulative was observed and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Relationship between plasma levels of albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese of healthy subjects and patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Plasma albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese levels of thirty patients each with HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and one hundred and six apparently healthy adults in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States, South-South Nigeria was studied. The mean plasma albumin was higher in the control than in the disease patients. The mean plasma selenium was lowest in the control (0.004 ± 0.01 mg/L) than in the HIV/AIDS (0.007... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Prevelance of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

A cross sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar. A total of 384 fecal samples were examined by sedimentation and 124 (32.3%) were found positive for bovine fasciolosis. Risk factors such as site, sex, age, body condition score and breed were taken into consideration. Prevalence differed significantly between study sites... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Haemato-biochemical parameters as prognostic indicators in elephant colic

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Haemato-biochemical parameters were found to be useful prognostic indicators in assessing the severity of colic. Significant increase in packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytosis, neutrophilia and lymphocytosis was observed in case of severe colicky elephants. Significant increase in the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels was observed in moderate and severe colic cases. In severely colicky elephants, the elevation of glucose was found to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Using a task analysis to strengthen nursing and midwifery pre-service education in Malawi

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The Nurses and Midwives Council of Malawi (NMCM) has engaged in significant efforts to reform nursing and midwifery pre-service education in Malawi. To that end NMCM decided to revise and strengthen existing syllabi and curricula for nurse midwifery cadres, starting with the nurse midwife technician (NMT). In an attempt to make evidence-based decisions for syllabus revision, NMCM conducted a task analysis to assess how prepared nurse midwife... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in gingival crevicular fluid from smokers and non-smokers with gingivitis and chronic periodontal disease

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of smokers (light and heavy) and non-smokers with gingivitis (G) and chronic periodontal disease (CPD). Forty-five patients were selected: 15 heavy smokers whose daily tobacco consumption was more than 10 cigarettes/day (HS), 15 light smokers whose daily tobacco consumption was fewer than 10 cigarettes/day (LS), and 15 non-smokers who... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Diversity and distribution of species of Ganoderma in south western Cameroon

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

The genus Ganoderma is one of the most important group of Basidiomycetes due to their medicinal effects and also because they cause decay in a very wide range of tree species all over the world. Opportunistic sampling was used to collect 57 samples of Ganoderma from oil palm and other hosts for identification using comparative morphology and supported by molecular studies of the ITS and mtSSu gene regions. The objectives were to identify the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Gumbel Weibull distribution function for Sahel precipitation modeling and predicting: Case of Mali

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Climate change, trend of precipitation variation is greatly affected by Sahel countries economy in general and Mali in particular, which increased the social instability in recent years. In this paper, we proposed Gumbel Weibull distribution function for modeling and predicting the precipitation of Mali. The methodology is composed of two steps: parameters computations and estimations. We computed the parameters using four computations methods such... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Comparison of range of motion in Labrador Retrievers and Border Collies

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The objective of this paper was to compare the range of motion in Border Collies to that of Labrador Retrievers. Humeral circumference, thigh circumference and differences between sex and age were also compared. Twenty three (23) healthy Border Collies and 18 healthy Labrador Retrievers were used. A single investigator measured range of motion of the carpus, elbow, shoulder, hip, stifle and tarsus as well as humeral and thigh circumference under... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Geographic variations in the predictors of asthma, wheeze, and dry nocturnal cough among adolescents from the United Arab Emirates

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

This study aims to determine the prevalence of asthma, wheeze and dry nocturnal cough, and also to assess predictors of these health outcomes among adolescents from nine different geographic regions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Guided by the population health framework, analysis focused on responses to select items from a survey that was administered on 6,363 UAE adolescents. Frequency analyses determined the prevalence of health outcomes... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effect of weed interference period on yield of transplanted tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum M.) in Guder West Shewa-Oromia, Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive cropping seasons (2013 and 2014) to estimate effect of weed interference period on transplanted tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum M.) in Guder West Shewa, Ethiopia. The experiment consisted of 14 treatments laid out in RCBD with three replications. From the total weed species, 81.81% were broadleaved weeds whereas 9.09 and 9.1% were sedges and grass weeds, respectively. During 2014 cropping season... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Performance of farmers’ and improved varieties of barley for yield components and seed quality

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The objective of this study was to assess the performance of farmers’ and improved varieties of barley for yield and yield related traits and seed quality attribute in North Shewa Zone of Oromiya Region, Ethiopian. Seven farmer’s varieties (FVs) and three improved varieties (MVs) of barley were tested at three locations in Degem Wereda in randomized complete block design (RCBD) design with three replications during 2010 Meher... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Audit expectation gap and MBA accounting students’ knowledge on auditor(s)’ responsibilities: Evidence from a public university in Kumasi Ashanti Region of Ghana

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Auditing has become a critical indispensable part of business and corporate life in today’s world and it is receiving great entrenchment in national legal status of almost every nation. However, there are evidences that suggest that users of financial statements and the public at large do not have knowledge about auditors’ responsibilities and this has resulted in what has become known as audit expectation gap. This study sought to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Climate change and household food insecurity among fishing communities in the eastern coast of Zanzibar

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This paper examines the local vulnerability of households in two study communities in the east coast of Zanzibar focusing on food security, which is negatively impacted by climate variability and change. Findings have indicated that overall the local people in eastern coast of Zanzibar are insecure with respect to most major sources of food. Households solely dependent on natural resources through farming, fishing, livestock and poultry farming,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Culture in society, society in culture: Understanding threads of cultural-social dialectic

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper aims at exploring the provinces of social and cultural dialectical threads. In doing so, it offers an account of (1) why it is quite often confusingly believed that there is a methodological and epistemological “difference” between social and cultural ones[i], and (2) how this belief cloaks some inherent weaknesses and obstacles to change. It is, therefore, within this rationale that this paper locates both its hypothesis and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Is there hidden caries or is this a limitation of the conventional exams?

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to verify the existence of hidden caries and compare the diagnosis agreement among different examiners by visual, dental radiography and computed microtomography images of hidden dental caries lesions on the occlusal surface of extracted molars. Two hundred and fifteen teeth were examined visually and extracted from cadavers of adolescents with a mean age of 12 years. Eleven teeth which showed hidden occlusal caries were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Information needs, library resources and services available to post graduate students in the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

The study evaluated information needs and library resources available to post graduate students in the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. One hundred and fifty-five copies of questionnaire were administered to postgraduate students in Peace and Conflict Studies (PCS), African Studies (AFS) and Peace Building (BD) units. The study identified Kenneth Dike, WORDOC and IFRA as libraries normally used by postgraduate students of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Analysis of an interpersonal conflict: The office fictitious or non fictitious conflict and ending

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The Office was analyzed to determine if television shows portrayed believable conflicts and resolutions in real life. One episode was analyzed, “Dinner Party,” and important interpersonal relationship problems were documented for evidence that correlated with the research previously founded. The episode was watched multiple times and patterns inside of the research were corresponded with what occurred in the show. Major aspects analyzed... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Potential carbon credit and community expectations towards viability of REDD project in Ugalla- Masito ecosystem: A case of Ilagala and Karago villages, KigomaTanzania

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

The paper presents results of the potential carbon credit and community expectations towards viability of REDD+ projects in Ugalla- Masito ecosystem using a case of Ilagala and Karago villages whereby REDD+ is being piloted. Various data collection methods were employed and these included focused group discussion, interview, structured questionnaires and document analysis. Results of the study indicate that, there are two suggested payment sharing... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Effects of coffee processing technologies on physico-chemical properties and sensory qualities of coffee

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

The study aimed at comparing the effects of three coffee pulping methods on the physico-chemical properties and sensory qualities of coffee. The coffee cherries were processed by disc pulper, drum pulper and eco-pulper methods which varied on mode of operations and mucilage removal methods. The coffee parchment were dried to moisture content of 10 ± 1% and green coffee beans were evaluated for parameters including moisture content, mass,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Urinary schistosomiasis: Water contact frequency and infectivity among school aged pupil/students in Umukabia Community of Ehime Mbano Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

A study was conducted among 108 students and pupils of four selected schools in Umukabia Community in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo State, Nigeria using their activities at Efuru and Okparadibia streams. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information on water contact frequency and aetiology of the disease. Schistosoma haematobium ova detection was achieved by the microscopy. Results revealed that there was no significant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Affective competency of Filipino nurses working in the hospitals of Taif City Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

This study aims to investigate the affective competency of Filipino nurses working in five hospitals of Taif City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool (TSET) Kit was used. The strength of self-efficacy perceptions of the nurses within the affective constructs shows that the five highest scores shows their own cultural heritage and belief systems, difference within their own cultural group, their own biases and limitations, role... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influence of demographic variables on business education students’ choice of secretarial option in colleges of education in the North-west geo-political zone, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The paper examined the influence of demographic variables on business education students’ choice of secretarial option in colleges of education in the North-west geo-political zone, Nigeria. Three null hypotheses were generated for the study. The descriptive research design was used for the study. A self-designed questionnaire was used to elicit responses from the respondents. Section A of the instrument dealt with the demographic data of the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

New pentacyclic triterpene ester and flavone glycoside from the biologically active extract of Carduus pycnocephalus L.

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

Bioassay guided phytochemical investigation of petroleum ether, chloroform and butanol  fractions obtained from biologically active total alcoholic extract of Carduus pycnocephalus led to isolation of  two new compounds, 3-O-acetyl-ursolic acid-28-ethyl ester (compound 1) and diosmetin-7-O-α-L-arabinopyransyl (1```→4``)-β-D- glucopyranoside (compound 5) along with  three  known compounds, bis (2-ethylhexyl)... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Acinetobacter spp. in the patients and environment of University Hospital of Yopougon, Côte d’Ivoire, from 2007 to 2011

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The objective of this work was to study the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of strains of Acinetobacter spp. in the University Hospital of Yopougon Abidjan. This work studied the Acinetobacter strains isolated from humans and environment of the hospital; they were preserved in the culture collection of the Laboratory of Bacteriology from January 2007 to December 2011. Isolation and identification were made by conventional bacteriological... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Back in the U.S.S.R: A Case Study of English/Russian bilingualism using the model of a flexible bilingual spectrum

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

The fields of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and bilingualism are combined in this study to describe language experience using a flexible bilingual spectrum model in which political, economic and social factors are used to analyze levels of bilingualism. A native Russian speaker who learned English in the U.S.S.R. is interviewed and the results are analyzed in a case study, showing the language experience analysis may be enhanced using impact... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Planet Earth in the 21st century: Coordination failure in common pools governance?

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Marx argued, we recall that capitalist society suffered from in-built contradictions, which would lead to its demise in time. Today, the globe faces another major kind of contradiction: rapid economic development against ecological sustainability. The relationships between economic growth and environmental sustainability have been much debated: Can they be combined to give both prosperity and environmental protection?  On the micro level, many... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Tourism: A viable option for pro poor growth in Gamo Gofa Zone? Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

The research ‘Tourism: A Viable Option for Pro Poor Growth in Gamo Gofa Zone?  Southern Ethiopia’ attempted to uncover how far tourism development is emerged to be a viable option for pro poor growth. The study is confined to Arba Minch town, Nech Sar National Park, Crocodile Ranch and Dorze Cultural Village. Qualitative and quantitative research strategies; household survey design, multi stage, purposive and simple random sampling... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Cultural hegemony and Africa’s development process

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This work is about cultural hegemony and Africa’s development process. It examines the backwardness associated with the truncation of African cultural modes of development and the unsuccessful adaptation to western systems introduced by colonial powers. Among the Africa’s lost cultural values, as stated in this work, include the African languages for thinking and planning development processes; sense of community life for effective... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Beautiful skin hides all faults - Effects of body satisfaction on self-esteem and shyness in Japanese female youths

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This study examined the influence of satisfaction from each body part in Japanese female youths on self-esteem and shyness. We hypothesized that body satisfaction in each body part has influence on shyness (social anxiety, social passivity) through self-esteem; and examined the hypothesis using path analysis. As a result, only the body satisfaction of "skin" has been shown to affect shyness and self-esteem. We conclude that body... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Assessment of farm families’ acceptability of small ruminants’ milk for consumption in selected rural communities in Ogun State, Nigeria

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

A total of 150 rural families were selected to ascertain acceptability of small ruminants’ milk for consumption by rural dwellers in selected rural communities of Ogun State. The result of the study showed that majority of the respondent (38%) consumed milk products such as local cheese commonly referred to as ‘wara’, and this was largely consumed either fresh (38%) or fried (32%). Other milk products consumed by the rural farm... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influence of occupational work movement on traditional dance motifs: A survey of the Zaria Hausa ethnic group in northern Nigeria

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Historically, a greater understanding of the role of dance in society has superseded the exact meaning of the symbolic movement of each dance motif. This paper intends to relate movements used in daily activities to the dance motifs prevalent within traditional Hausa society in Zaria. Data were collected through interviews and physical observations of Hausa dance in Zaria. Findings indicated a definite relationship between everyday movement and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 2

An assessment of potential resources of tourism development in Ethiopia: The case of Dejen Wereda

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The main purpose of this paper is conduct survey study so as to reveal extent to which Dejen Wereda, which is one of the Weredas of East Gojjam Administrative Zone, has numerous tourist attraction sites. This study uncovers that the absence of research works in this Wereda, however, affected the development of tourism in the area. It recommends the preservation of the precious resources in Wereda so that they could be used as a source of income that... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Rethinking the water dimension of large scale land acquisitions in sub-Saharan Africa

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

There is a new phenomenon in developing countries where land previously used by communities is being taken over by foreign investors (mostly from Europe, America, China, Gulf States, and other non-western countries) and governments for agriculture, mining and other economic projects. Findings from several studies have so far pointed to the controversial impact of large scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) on affected communities. LSLAs go along with... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Life of Pi: Into the Divine, the Hard Way, or: Why the Tiger Didn’t Bite

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This analysis of Yann Martel’s Life of Pi examines extraordinary elements of this famed novel; it examines it as an avant-garde montage, a new fable, A tableau of the weird and fantastic—in other words, a book outside the realm of normal novelistic portrayal and exposition. In one important sense, this novel is a combination of the fictional and the factual, which can be understood as transacting modes in a single paradigm,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Multicenter bacteraemia among Sudanese children: Causative agents and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Bacteraemia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Therefore, bacteraemia continues to be increasingly a serious health problem that needs an immediate attention and treatment. A retrospective hospital-based study was conducted on positive blood cultures collected from 804 children (aged less than 10 years) including both genders in a period between 2012 and 2013 in three different medical services center in Khartoum... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

A new ethanol-based macrochemical test combined with a cultural character in the process of identification of the cosmopolitan wood-decayer, Ganoderma resinaceum Boud. (Basidiomycota)

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

A new macrochemical test using ethanol drops was set up and described here as a safer, quicker and more reliable substitute for the previously used match flame to reveal yellow resin on the pileus of Ganoderma resinaceum, no matter its geographical origin. Four concentrations (30, 70, 90 and 99%) of ethanol (CH3-CH2OH) were tested with distilled water as negative control, as a substitute to the old match flame test in the process of identification... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Evaluation of the water quality status of Lake Hawassa by using water quality index, Southern Ethiopia

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

Lake Hawassa is one of the eight Major Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes and the smallest among them which is situated in southern regional state; it is a closed basin system and receives water from only perennial Tikurwuha River and runoff from the catchment areas. It is an important source of water for surrounding rural communities for various uses like domestic, irrigation, livestock watering, fishing and recreation. Quality of the lake water is vital... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Application of high gravity fermentation worts to the brewing of industrial opaque beer

Journal of Brewing and Distilling

J. Brew. Distilling

Fermentation of worts with high concentrations of fermentable sugars has become common practice in large clear beer breweries that use high gravity worts containing 16-18% (w/v) dissolved solids to obtain high alcohol contents. Normal and high gravity worts, ranging from 12 to 20% (w/v) initial dissolved solid contents were used in industrial opaque beer brewing and the biochemical characteristics of the brews were determined. Characteristics of the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Effect of different levels of spent engine oil on soil porperties, grain yield of maize and its heavy metal uptake in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

This research was carried out at the Plant and Screen house to study effect of different levels of spent engine oil application on soil properties, grain yield of maize and heavy metals uptake. Completely randomized design was used with nine treatment levels of spent engine oil at 0.0, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and 1.0 L were applied to 20 kg of soil. Maize was used as a test crop. Data collected from the study were subjected to Statistical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Effect of seedling age and spacing schedule on the productivity and quality traits of rice under system of rice intensification (SRI)

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

Studies on the effects of seedling age and spacing schedule on the productivity and quality traits of rice adopted under system of rice intensification (SRI) was taken up at Seed Research and Technology Centre, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during kharif, 2008 and 2009 using popular rice cultivar, Swarna (MTU 7029). 16 days seedlings planted at 20 × 20 cm, 12 days / 20 × 20 cm (56.2 q/ha) and 14 days / 20 × 20 cm (53.4 q/ha), 12 days /... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Fatigue evaluation of Iraqi asphalt binders based on the dissipated energy and viscoelastic continuum damage (VECD) approaches

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

Bituminous materials in roads are subjected to short-term loading each time a vehicle passes. If sufficiently high, the loading results in a loss of rigidity of the material and can, by accumulation in the long term, lead to failure. The resulting fatigue deterioration is of great importance in pavement construction and must be correctly understood in order to ensure adequate structural design. The binder property plays a major role in determining... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Effects of mass transfer resistance and coking on yield during fluid catalytic cracking of heavy hydrocarbon fractions

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

J. Chem. Eng. Mater. Sci.

A transient model for an industrial fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) riser is here presented. The FCC riser models of previous researchers were mostly based on the assumption of negligible mass transfer resistance. This assumption reduced the accuracy of the models. In this work, the effects of mass transfer resistance and coking on the yield of FCC reactions were modeled and simulated. A five-lump reaction scheme was used to model the cracking... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Carcass yield and proximate composition of black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) meat

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Int. J. Fish. Aquac.

The Amazon region is recognized as source of fish for the food industry. The interest in new products made from exotic animal meat has increased. The present study was carried out to evaluate carcass and meat characteristics of Amazon caiman. Samples (n=184) of Melanosuchus niger were collected from a protected area in the Amazonas State (Brazil). The meat was analyzed for proximate composition: Moisture content 78.17%, protein 19.23%, lipids 1.09%,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Studies on the calf mortality pattern in Gir breed

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

This study aims to investigate calf mortality pattern in Gir breed. Research data were collected from the records of Gir herd, maintained at Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust, Dairy Farm Kasturbagram Khandwa Road, Indore M.P., covering a period of 16 years (from 1994 to 2009). The period-wise distribution of calf mortality showed that highest mortality rate (18.9%) was recorded in period P4 (2006 to 2009) and the lowest (9.8%) in period P2... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Two methods for extracting the parameters of a non-ideal diode

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

We describe two methods of extracting physical parameters of a non ideal p-n diodes. These include the ideality factor, saturation current and series resistance. The proposed techniques that treat extraction parameters, using the current-voltage characteristic (I,V) forward biased. The first method is to learn three different points of the curve, with the coordinates of these points, one can generate a system of nonlinear equations expressing the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 8

Moderate exercise training has anorexogenic effect associated with improved oxidative stress in obese women

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Endocrine derangement and oxidative stress are two distinguishing features of obesity that have limited the success rate of various management strategies, especially physical activities. The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of moderate-intensity regular exercise training on oxidative stress, appetite and weight loss in obese women compared with normal-weight women. Sixteen normal-weight (body mass index (BMI)... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effect of cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) on cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) root storage components, starch quantities and starch quality properties

International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

Int. J. Plant Physiol. Biochem.

Effect of cassava brown streak disease on cassava root storage components were studied on four Ugandan varieties with varying levels of tolerance. Significant differences (P<0.05) were observed with reductions of 30% in amylose content and 50% in amylopectin content of diseased compared to healthy plots. Average dry matter content of diseased plots was 25% higher as much as starch yield and starch content reduced by 40 and 15% respectively in... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

How should an efficient oral history interview process be conducted according to the views of pre-service teachers?

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

Oral history is a type of history arising from using the memories of people and listening to what they narrate. Oral history is a kind of history established around people. It introduces life into the history, and extends its scope. It selects its heroes among the majority of people who have not been known up to that time not only among the leaders. Oral history that has gradually gained importance in academic history was started to be used... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 8

Genetic diversity of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench landraces from Northwestern Benin as revealed by microsatellite markers

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The understanding of genetic diversity within local crop varieties constitutes an important step in the preservation of their genetic potential. The objective of this study was to assess the genetic diversity of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) cultivated in the Northwest of Benin and to reveal certain fundamental evolutionary mechanisms. A total of 61 accessions of sorghum landraces belonging to the four identified races in Benin were... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 16

Privacy preserving data publishing: Review

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

Privacy preserving data publishing (PPDP) methods a new class of privacy preserving data mining (PPDM) technology, has been developed by the research community working on security and knowledge discovery. It is common to share data between two organizations in many application areas. When data are to be shared between parties, there could be some sensitive patterns which should not be disclosed to the other parties. These methods aims to keep the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 7

An enhanced requirements elicitation framework based on business process models

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Requirements elicitation is a central and critical activity in the requirements engineering process. Completeness is among the most difficult challenges facing requirements engineers. Missing requirements is one of the major causes of software failure; they often result from the lack of anticipation of all possible relations between elements of the system-to-be. In this paper, we propose a requirements elicitation framework which starts with an... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 7

Forest composition and productivity changes as affected by human activities in the natural forest˗ savanna zone in Northern Ghana

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

Assessing the impact of anthropogenic activities on forest ecosystems dynamics is valuable in managing and maintaining the long-term productivity of forests and ensuring forest ecosystem sustainability and ecological balance. In view of this, the objective of this study was to evaluate the induced effects of anthropogenic activities on the forest˗savanna zones in Northern Ghana. The study assessed the impacts on the woody plant species composition... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effect of temperature, salinity, light and time of dehiscence on seed germination and seedling morphology of Calotropis procera from urban habitats

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Calotropis procera (giant milkweed) is a hardy xerophytic plant, which is distributed globally in many countries and has important economic and ecological functions. The present study aimed at estimating the effect of temperature, salinity and time of fruit dehiscence on the seed germination and seedling morphology of giant milkweed in urban habitats. Seeds were collected early (in June) and late (in December) from pre-dehiscent (EPRD, LPRD) and... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 15

Relationship between political discrimination and dissent behaviour displayed by teachers

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this study is to find out whether there is a significant relationship between perceived political discrimination and dissent behaviour displayed by primary school teachers. This study was designed with correlational research method and survey technique was used to collect data. Primary school teachers working in Tuzla, Istanbul constitute the research population of the study. 362 teachers willing to answer the scales participated in the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 7

Micropropagation of wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgare) via organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis

Journal of Developmental Biology and Tissue Engineering

J. Dev. Biol. Tissue Eng.

Wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare var. Vulgare) is a perennial aromatic herb. It is native to the Mediterranean region and currently it iscultivated as an annual or perennial herb worldwide. Dried ripe fruits are commonly used plants part for obtaining essential oil. Fruits oil of wild fennel contains many volatile oils, such as α-pinene, phellandrene, p-cymene, fenchone, estragole, anethole and anisaldehyde. Important biological activities of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Catalase activity of cassava (Manihot esculenta) plant under African cassava mosaic virus infection in Cape coast, Ghana

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

African cassava mosaic virus has caused an immersed low yield of the cassava crop. The virus impacts stress on the cellular metabolism of the plant producing a lot of reactive oxygen species and increases the expression of the antioxidant enzymes. The activity of catalase as a response to oxidative stress was investigated in this research. Cassava leaf extract infected with the African cassava mosaic virus and uninfected were prepared and used as... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 14

In vitro antibacterial activity of two plant extracts against Enterococcus faecalis

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

The antimicrobial activity of two crude plant extracts– Solanum paniculatum L. (jurubeba) and Bixa orellana L. (annatto) against Enterococcus faecalis was tested in vitro, and their efficacy was compared with that of a chemical agent with known antibacterial activity – chlorhexidine digluconate at 0.12% concentration. Extracts were prepared from jurubeba roots and annatto seeds after selection by phytochemical screening. Microorganisms... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 14

One-pot synthesis of potential antioxidant agents, 3-carboxylate coumarin derivatives

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

A simple and efficient route to synthesize 3-carboxylate coumarin derivatives through three-component one-pot reaction in a single step has been recommended. This method provides a direct and rapid access to get 3-carboxylate coumarin derivatives. The structures of these synthetic products were identified and the antioxidant activities were tested by inhibiting DPPH· and ·OH radicals capacities. The data suggested that... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 13

Allelopathic effect of Casuarina equisetifolia L. on wheat, associated weeds and nutrient content in the soil

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Allelopathy is an ecological phenomenon that recently attracted researchers' attention as a new approach in weed control. Pot and field experiments were conducted to study the allelopathic effect of Casuarina equisetifolia L. leaf litter, one of three most common Casuarina species in Egypt. The influence was studied during two successive seasons (2012-2014) on wheat and associated weeds through foliar application of the aqueous extract and... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 14

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