Prosperity, penury and polarization: Disaggregating the peasantry in the historiography of colonial Zimbabwe

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Underdevelopment and modernization theorists have long agreed that peasant agriculture was not universally damaged and curtailed, but the two schools remain very much at odds over the general trajectory of peasant agriculture during the colonial period. This dichotomy, however, is unwarranted. In the canonical literature there is a pervasive ambiguity surrounding the term “peasant,” an ambiguity that allows for contradictory assessments... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Knowledge, attitudes and participation of community pharmacists in Lagos State, Nigeria towards primary health care (PHC)

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The general objective of this study was to evaluate community pharmacists’ participation in primary health care as well as to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge of primary health care and determine their level of participation in health promotion, disease prevention and curative primary health care activities in Lagos, Nigera. A total of 120 community pharmacists were used for this study. Data was collected through the use of a self... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Epidemiological study on poultry coccidiosis: Prevalence, species identification and post mortem lesions in grower chicken in Kombolcha, North-Eastern Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross sectional study was conducted in Kombolcha Poultry Farm Enterprise to determine the prevalence, assessment of the risk factors and to identify the pathological abnormalities due to different species of Eimeria in 582 chickens of age 21 to 100 days, kept under deep litter management system from December, 2013 to March, 2014. The study involved fecal examination, post mortem examination, gross lesion examination, mucosal scraping examination... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

An alternative perspective: Islam, identity, and gender migration of Sudanese Muslim women in the UK

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This article is yet an attempt to provoke and stimulate minds, to seek an alternative understanding - an accurate one to the multiple nature of Islam. This is done by situating knowledge and mapping history, and including a minority of minorities. African Islam needs more articulation. Muslim women of Africa exist in Europe in silence. They face double/triple jeopardy generated from the interplay of racism and sexism and dominant policies that need... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Genuine leadership and the global financial crisis

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

Since the primitive era, mankind is facing repeated crises and wars at increasing levels. One of the main reason might be a continuous misunderstanding of the leaders’ activities and goals. For instance the 2007 Global Financial Crisis was the result of high risk lending, failure of regulators, inflated credit rating and investment bank abuses. Hopefully, contemporary researches focus on the behaviors that constitute effective... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Resolving Nigeria’s dependency on oil – The derivation model

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Since the discovery of oil in commercial quantity in Nigeria in 1956 and the oil boom of 1970s, oil has dominated the economy of the country. Oil accounts for more than 90 percent of the country’s exports, 25 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and 80 percent of government total revenues.  As a result, the economy of the country has been substantially unstable, a consequence of the heavy dependence on oil revenue, and the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Non-verbal immediacy’s role in student learning

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

Clear and effective communication is essential. Nonverbal communication specifically has a vital role in communication. There is inconsistent data on the effect of nonverbal communication used by instructors and the impact on student learning within the higher education environment. This research study sought to find distinct correlations between instructors’ nonverbal communication and student learning. Based on quantitative and qualitative... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Urban-rural differentials in child undernutrition in Ethiopia

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Empirical evidence on the impacts of household poverty and other socio-demographic factors regarding child undernutrition is essential in targeting resources appropriately to raise the health of the poor and most vulnerable groups. There is a paucity of such evidence in Ethiopia. The present study identified urban-rural differences in the magnitude and determinants of under-five child undernutrition in Ethiopia. Complete anthropometric data for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Using assignments and group writing as means of assessments in EFL writing instructions: Bahir Dar University in focus

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This study assessed the instructors’ reflections on using writing assignment and group writing as means of providing students with more writing practices and assessing students’ performance in the writing course. Fifteen instructors were provided with open-ended items of relevance and feasibility of using the two assessment mechanisms. Only five instructors responded and their reflections are presented. All of the respondents, but one... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Adaptation of economy attitude scale to Turkish culture: Validity and reliability study

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

Economics affects us no matter what role we play in social life.  Its foundation as a science was laid by the studies of Adam Smith, and since history it has become one of the disciplines accepted in university curriculums. Scarcity, opportunity costs and abandoning something in order to obtain another one are the core concepts of this discipline. These three concepts represent the heart of Economics and generally defined as “distribution... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Factor analysis of soil spatial variability in Akoko Region of Ondo State, Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Variability in soil properties is a critical element across wide areas of researches especially in several aspects of agriculture and environment. The objective of this study was to examine the spatial variability of soil properties and factors contributing to the general pattern of variability in Akoko Region. Observations were carried out largely from sampling points and twenty soil samples were collected for laboratory analysis to determine the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 1

Effect of climate change on food crop production and vulnerability assessment in Oyo State

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

The study assessed household vulnerability to climate change and its effect on yam and cassava production in Oyo state, Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. Data on yam and cassava yield between 1990 and 2009 were obtained from the Oyo State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) while data on climate variables between 1976 and 2010 were obtained from the Nigeria Institute of Meteorology, Oshodi. Primary data on the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Effect of oxygen plasma treatments on the structural and optical properties of polyimide films

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

A detailed study of some physical properties of Polyimide films after exposing them to oxygen plasma is presented. The structure of the sample has been analyzed by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) and is found to be semi crystalline. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) studies revealed that the thermal stability of polyimide films have improved after being exposed to oxygen plasma, at different time intervals, ranging from 1 to 5 min. Optical... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Dimensions in rural water coverage and access in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

This study examined the levels of rural water access and coverage in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. In Akwa Ibom State, there are two statutory bodies involved in water supply: Akwa Ibom State Water Company Limited and Akwa Ibom State Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency. Apart from these two statutory bodies, the federal government, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Exxon Mobil, and other foreign bodies are involved in rural water supply.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Immunomodulatory effects of carbohydrates and advanced glycation end products

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Rev.

Carbohydrates which comprise of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides are heterogeneous complex structure in living systems and are found to bind to other organic molecules such as proteins and lipids. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are also heterogeneous group of molecules that accumulate in plasma and other body fluids and in cell and tissues. This review focuses on the impact of polysaccharides and AGEs on immune function. A... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

The design and testing of an indirect cabinet solar dryer, for thin layer drying of Rastrineobola argentea fish, under the climatic conditions of Maseno, Kenya

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

In spite of the high global demand for fish which is a major source of animal protein, nearly 10% (13 million tons) of the world’s total fish production is lost through spoilage due to inadequate cold storage and poor marketing/distribution channels. Fish is a highly perishable product that is processed by freezing, canning, salting and drying. About 40% of fish landings in developing countries are preserved through traditional processing... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Improvement in cocoon yield induced by phytojuvenoid on the multivoltine mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori Linn.)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

Impact of phytojuvenoid on commercial parameters in Bombyx mori, a monophagous insect, was studied. The variation in the phytojuvenoid concentration significantly influenced the length of cocoon and the number of larval treatment did not cause significant influence on the length of cocoon of B. mori. The length of cocoon increased from 2.88 cm (control) to the maximum level of 3.65 cm in 30% phytojuvenoid concentration - triple treated larvae and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Population structure of rodents in Alage, Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

An ecological study on population structure of rodents was conducted in Alage, Southern Ethiopia. Sherman live traps were used to capture rodents in four habitats and trapping sessions. A total of 684 rodents that represented 11 species were captured. Regarding population size and density, Mastomys natalensis was the dominant species followed by Arvicanthis dembeensis while the least was observed in Graphiurus murinus in the study period. The... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Internal validity: A must in research designs

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

In experimental research, internal validity refers to what extent researchers can conclude that changes in dependent variable (i.e. outcome) are caused by manipulations in independent variable. The causal inference permits researchers to meaningfully interpret research results. This article discusses (a) internal validity threats in social and educational research using examples from the contemporary literature, and (b) research designs in terms of... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 2

Crambe meal in diets supplemented with enzyme complex solid state fermentation (SSF) for Nile tilapia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Nile tilapia performance fed with diets containing crambe meal supplied with enzyme complex SSF was evaluated. With initial average weight ranging between 1.133g ± 0.105, 280 Nile tilapias were randomized into seven treatments, with four replicates and 10 fish per tank, totaling 28 experimental units. The temperature-controlled recirculation system had 30 L per tank, with individual water supply and aeration. The physico-chemical parameters... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 4

Genetic assessment of some phenotypic variants of rice (Oryza spp.) for some quantative characters under the Gangatic plains of West Bengal

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Twenty two (22) recombinant inbreed lines (RIL’s) derived from interspecific cross derivative of Oryza sativa and Oryza rufipogon along with two local check varieties MTU 7029 and Ranjit were evaluated in randomized block design (RBD) with two replications at two different environments (1st at Regional Research Station, New Alluvial Zone (NAZ), Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Sub-Centre, Chakdah, Nadia, West Bengal during Kharif season... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 3

A theory of the relativistic fermionic spinrevorbital

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

The Little Rules and Effect describe the cause of phenomena of physical and chemical transformations on the basis of spin antisymmetry and the consequent magnetism of the most fundamental elements of leptons and quarks and in particular electrons, protons and neutrons causing orbital motions and mutual revolutionary motions (spinrevorbital) to determine the structure and the dynamics of nucleons, nuclei, atoms, molecules, bulk structures and even... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Isolation and characterization of a steroidal compound from the hexane extract of the leaves of Artabotrys odoratissimus

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Artabotrys odoratissimus has been investigated by many workers for its constituents. Previous phytochemical studies have revealed this genus to be rich in secondary metabolites including phenylcoumarins, xanthones and triterpenoids. So far, not many studies have been carried out on this genus but there are some reports on this plant. Our recent study on the hexane extract  of  the  leaves  of  A. odoratissimus, ... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Exploring the effectiveness of dialogue in improving health facility deliveries

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Maternal mortality is a concern worldwide with higher disparities of 1 in 16 in developing compared to 1 in 2800 in developed countries. Kenya’s maternal mortality ratio has increased from 414 per 100,000 live births in 2003 to 488 per 100,000 live births in 2009. In 2010 the figure increased to 530 per 100,000 live births. The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of dialogue in improving health facility deliveries in... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

Carbon and nitrogen stocks under different management systems in the Paraiban “Sertão”

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The change in land use leads to significant changes in carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks in the soil and consequently in the global cycle of these elements. The purpose of this study was to evaluate C and N stocks in soils under different management systems in the Paraiban “Sertão”.  This study was carried out in the watershed of Val Paraiso stream, State of Paraiba, Brazil. The climate is warm tropical with severe drought,... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 3

Forage crops as substrate for animal feed and ethanol production in Thailand

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Five forage crops, namely ruzi (Brachiaria ruziziensis), purple guinea (Panicum maximum), atratum (Paspalum atratum), plicatulum (Paspalum plicatulum), and rhodes grass (Chloris gayana), were experimented for their possibility of ethanol and animal feed utilization. All tested forage crops were harvested 45 and 75 days after being planted. The results indicate the effect of harvesting time on their composition, including the contents of cellulose,... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 2

Effect of temperature and photoperiod on the development of fusariosis in pineapples

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

We examined the incidence of fusariosis in Montes Claros–MG and determined the effect of temperature and photoperiod on the development of Fusarium guttiforme. Four family production units were investigated, from which four isolates of F. guttiforme were isolated. For each isolate, two experiments were set up to assess mycelial growth for 144 h in environments with different temperatures and either a 12 h photoperiod or continuous darkness. To... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 2

Phytochemical profile, antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities of Euphorbia cotinifolia

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The aim of this study was to determine the content of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, the antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities of hydroethanolic extracts of root, stem, leaf and fruit of Euphorbia cotinifolia. Phytochemical screening was performed using spectrophotometric methods (phenolic and flavonoid content) and liquid cromatography. The antibacterial activity was determined by agar diffusion and broth microdilution... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 1

Utilization of sweet potato starches and flours as composites with wheat flours in the preparation of confectioneries

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Freshly harvested roots of sweet potato variety TIS 87/0087 were processed into flour and starch using standard methods. Blends of Wheat and sweet potato composite flour was developed in the ratios 80:20, 70:30, 60:40 and 50:50. Also, blends of wheat and sweet potato starch were developed in the ratios 80:20, 70:30, 60:40 and 50:50. Whole sweet potato flour and starch were also included where 100% wheat flour was used as control or standard.... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 1

Propagation of Cabralea canjerana by mini-cutting

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Canjerana (Cabralea canjerana (Vell.) Martius) is a tree species indigenous to Brazil that when grown and managed in plantation systems are of great ecological and economic importance. Due to the difficulty of producing seminal seedlings, we examine the possibility of vegetative propagation by evaluating the rooting potential of canjerana mini-cuttings with different concentrations of indolbutyric acid (IBA) and substrate combinations. Mini-cuttings... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Determining factors of the strategies for diversifying sources of income for rural households in Burkina Faso

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This article has used a multinomial logit model to analyze the determinants of diversification strategies of rural households' income sources in Burkina Faso. The main results have enabled the identification of three strategies of the income-source diversification, all carried out around agriculture. They are low, average, high diversification strategies. The outcomes reveal that the age of the household head, household size, dependency ratio,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Genetics of drought tolerance in common bean genotypes adapted to Ugandan conditions

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important source of food and income for majority of households in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, bean production in Uganda is being affected by drought which has resulted from recent changes in climate. Developing high-yielding and drought-tolerant bean cultivars would significantly contribute to increased and stable yields in drought-prone environments. However, prior research was not focused on breeding for... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Micropropagation of Plectranthus edulis (Vatke) Agnew from shoot tip and nodal explants

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Plectranthus edulis Vatke belongs to the family of Lamiaceae, which occurs both as a wild and cultivated species. The major constraint in the cultivation of P. edulis is its low productivity due to shortage of planting materials and incidence of pests and diseases. In this study, an efficient protocol was established for the micropropagation of P. edulis germplasm using shoot tip and nodal explants. Explants were sterilized using different... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 1

The riddle of Barack Obama: A psychoanalytic study

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

In August 2008 the 47-year-old Barack Hussein Obama was elected by the U.S. Democratic National Convention as its nominee for President of the United States. This was the first time an African-American had ever been nominated to this office. It was a momentous and revolutionary event. The bright African-American orphan son of a bright but tragic Kenyan father, who had died in a tragic car accident in 1982 in Kenya, after losing his career and his... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Distribution of enteric bacterial pathogens among patients with gastrointestinal tract infections and food vendors in Lagos, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Stool samples from 2,200 patients with gastrointestinal tract (GIT) infections and 900 apparently healthy food vendors were collected in Lagos, Nigeria and examined to determine incidence and distribution of bacterial pathogens using standard microbiological methods. The isolates recovered were identified to belong to seven genera which include Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Proteus, Klebsiella, Vibrio and Enterobacter. Salmonella typhi was the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of polyunsaturated fatty acids... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

An Abattoir Survey on the Prevalence and Monetary Loss of Fasciolosis Among Cattle Slaughtered at Dangila Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle in tropical and subtropical countries responsible for considerable economic losses in the cattle industry, mainly through condemnation of fluke-infected liver. A cross sectional study was conducted between October, 2013 and March, 2014 to determine the prevalence and monetary losses associated with bovine fasciolosis and comparing coprology and post mortem techniques of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Living in bondage: A dream deferred or a promise betrayed for Igbo linguistic and cultural renaissance?

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

When the seminal home video movie, Living in Bondage, burst into the market and Nigerian homes in 1991, it literally hit the ground running! It was such an instant hit that it caused a revolution in the Nigerian movie industry akin to the literary revolution set off by Chinua Achebe with Things Fall Apart fifty-six years ago. One aspect of the novelty, mystic, charm and great promise of the great movie was that it was rendered in Igbo language with... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Media preferences and perceptions: The case of Bahir Dar University instructors

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The main intent of this study is to empirically examine media preferences and perceptions of instructors at Bahir Dar University (BDU) in selected faculties, colleges and school. The survey method of research was employed to conduct the study, and questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used for the selection of instructors. The findings reveal that Bahir Dar University instructors... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Comprehending rural market environment

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

Rural markets are gold mines paved with thrones. With mammoth size of 833 million populations residing in 640867 villages, rural India offers huge untapped potentiality for any marketer. There is wide disparity in village population range from less than 200 to more than 10000. The main occupation of majority of rural population is agriculture and allied activities that signify main source of income. Rural consumers spend more on food items as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding globalization debate, according to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Mycoflora associated with Masakwa sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L) moench) in the North Eastern part of Nigeria

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

A laboratory study was conducted at the Department of Crop Protection, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria to assess the incidence of seed-borne fungi and their effects on seed germination of Masakwa sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Three varieties (Bulwana, Adjaama and Buruu) used were collected from different locations namely Bama, Dikwa and Konduga of Borno State, Nigeria. About 34.9% of the seeds were infected by different species of fungi obtained from... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Basic biology and therapeutic application of stem cells in various human and animal diseases

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

Stem cells are a population of precursor cells that are capable of developing into many different cell types in the body. They are unspecialized cells that can give rise to specialized cells and capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods. Based on the potency, stem cells can be totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, oligopotent, unipotent and based on source it can be divided as embryonic, fetal, adult, amniotic fluid, cord blood,... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 4

Isolation and identification of Mannhemia and Pasturella species from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle and their antibiogram susceptibility pattern in Bedelle District, Western Ethiopia

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The study was conducted from October 2012 to April 2013 at Bedelle district, Western Ethiopia. The aim was to isolate Mannheimia and Pasteurella species, and to assess the associated risk factors from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle, and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the isolates. Out of 329 samples from animals (185 nasal swabs from clinic and 144 lung tissues abattoir) examined, 50.2% was found to be positive to the disease. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Characteristics of excellent Islamic education lecturers in Teaching Education Institute of Malaysia

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This article aims to discuss the excellent attitude that is practiced by Excellent Islamic Education Lecturer (EIEL) in Teacher Education Institute of Malaysia (TEIM). This excellent attitude is identified through one of a case study that was conducted earlier. This case study is implemented in Teacher Education Institute of Malaysia, Dato’ Razali Ismail Campus (TEIMDRIC) that involved comprehensive interview and observation with two EIEL and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Assessing the surgical anatomy of the ethmoid sinus in adult Nigerians using computerized tomography scan

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

We undertook this study to describe the morphology and anatomical variations of ethmoidal sinus in adult Nigerians using computerized tomographic scan, bearing in mind the significance of this sinus in inflammatory pathologies of the other paranasal sinuses and endoscopic sinus surgery. This was a descriptive study of computerized tomographic scans of the paranasal sinuses of 114 subjects constituting 228 ethmoids. All the slides were examined to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in education development of post-independent Tajikistan

International NGO Journal

Int. NGOJ

In the early 1990s Tajikistan emerged from the soviet union as new country. It disrupted all the services including educational enjoying Tajik people under USSR. The post-Soviet period in the region has been tumultuous and uncertain. The educational transition, its   tasks and exact prospects seems unclear and bleak. Education spending suffered a rapid decline, rolling-back some of the achievements the sector enjoyed during the previous... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Medical students’ reflections on first clinical experience

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

Reflection is an important skill, as it supports both individual and lifelong learning. It can be used as a learning method in medical education for professional development at all stages. This study aims to evaluate reflective skills of third-year medical students in primary care experience.  Physicians from affiliated primary health care centers supervised students during their clinical practice. Student reports was the main documents to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

A study on annual conferences of society for the advancement of Library and Information Science: A scientometric analysis

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

The study presents a secientomertic portrait of the National conferences, which are organized by Society for the Advancement of Library and Information Science (SALIS) jointly with other Institutions at different parts of Tamilnadu.  National conferences which were organized from 2009 to 2013 were considered for the study.  Number of papers published and presented, number of authors who have contributed for the above mentioned conferences,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Karyotype evolution and species differentiation in the genus Rattus of Manipur, India

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Rattus is the most studied genus all over the world but species of the genus are not thoroughly reported from Manipur. The present paper deals with the morphometric, cytotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies of Manipur, India. The different species of Rattus namely Rattus rattus, Rattus brunneusculus, Rattus tanezumi and Rattus nitidus were studied. Berylmys manipulus and Berylmys mackenziei were taken from the genus Berylmys. The studies of the... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 53

The mediating effect of competitive balance on the relation between foreign players and performance of the Greek National Basketball Team

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of the present study is to initially investigate the association between the presence and number of foreign players and the competitive balance indices in the Greek National Basketball League; it subsequently determines whether the competitive balance mediates a positive effect on the performance of the Greek National Basketball Team, as evidenced by its rankings in the EuroBasket Championships. The study examines 47 seasons of the Greek... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Digital painting evolution: A multimedia technological platform for expressivity in fine art painting

Journal of Fine and Studio Art

J. Studio Fine Art

As an emerging art form of the twenty first century, digital painting has gained acceptance as a two-dimensional art form, paralleling major traditional forms of painting in the art world. However, this aspect of the visual arts, rather underexplored, has not received the same degree of global acceptance and recognition accorded to well known fine art forms such as sculpture, painting and drawing. In spite of the proliferation of graphic application... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 1

Effect on naphtha and residue yield through different operating and design variables in atmospheric distillation column

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels

J. Pet. Technol. Altern. Fuels

HYSYS process modeling software was used to analyze the effect of number of trays, feed tray position, and reflux ratio on naphtha and also on atmospheric residue yield. Analysis of data showed that liquid volume percentage yield of naphtha decreased with number of trays and reflux ratio increased. Whereas, in atmospheric residue, the yield increased with the number of trays and the reflux ratio decreased. In addition, the results demonstrated that... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Studies on phytochemical screening, antimicrobial and toxicity effect of the shoot system of Acalypha segetalis Müell. Arg.

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

The dried and pulverized shoot system of Acalypha segetalis was extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol using cold extraction technique. The three extracts were subjected to phytochemical, toxicity and antibacterial screening. Phytochemical studies revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phenols, glycosides, steroids and resins. The toxicity activity was investigated using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 12

Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) in women from Ghana

Journal of Cancer Research and Experimental Oncology

J. Cancer Res. Exp. Oncol.

Gynaecological or cervical cancer remains a significant public health problem worldwide, a situation from which Ghana is not exempt. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is an important agent of pre-invasive and invasive cervical cancer. Currently, over 70 genotypes of the virus have been identified, of which twenty or more have actually been isolated from or are reportedly associated with female genital lesions. Anecdotal evidence suggest that clinical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Perception and willingness to participate in midwives service scheme amongst nursing and midwifery students in Southwestern Nigeria

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The Midwives Service Scheme (MSS) was implemented to reverse the poor trends in maternal mortality in Nigeria over the past decade. However, little is known about the acceptance of the scheme amongst nursing and midwifery students who are key to ensuring success of the program. The study assessed the awareness, knowledge, perception and willingness to participate in the Midwives Service Scheme in all nursing and midwifery schools in Oyo State,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Rule of law in Africa and Asia: Solving the principal-agent problem

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

One may look upon the now unfolding events in Burkina Faso from the point of view of rule of law, interpreted with the so-called principal-agent model in the social sciences. Why, then, do many countries in Africa and Asia score low on rule of law, not resolving the principal-agent problem successfully? Is this a legacy from Western colonialism or oriental despotism and tribal forms of power? The principal-agent problem in politics and public... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Distribution, chemical composition and medicinal importance of saffron (Crocus sativus L.)

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Crocus sativus L. is native to Iran and Greece, and is now cultivated largely in Southern Europe, Tibet and other countries. In India, it is mainly cultivated in Kashmir. C. sativus is an important medicinal plant with aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, expectorant, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-depressant, anticancer and anti-tumor activities. Phytochemical investigations of the species have revealed the presence of a number of... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 12

Anthropometric data of Bahirdar City’s adult men for clothing design

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The aim of this study is to establish anthropometric data for garment industries in Bahir Dar City for the design and manufacturing of clothing. Date were collected from nine Bahir Dar City tailors’ adult men measurement for shirt and trouser making. Totally, about 350 and 1000 measurements were collected for shirt and for trouser. Data purging process has been carried out before using it for developing standards. Data collected were analysed... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Dividend announcement on share prices in a bull and a bear market phase

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

The information content of dividend hypothesis has been a controversial debate for a number of decades. This research therefore examines the validity of information content of dividend hypothesis and the reaction of share prices to dividend change announcements that contradict the market phase. That is, observing the reaction of the market to the announcements of dividend decrease (increase) when the market is in a bull (bear) market phase. This is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

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