Genetic diversity and adaptation to different tillage and farming systems of cocoyam genotypes (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) in the Eastern Region of Ghana

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Experiments conducted in Ghana show that cocoyam exists as mixtures of clones in farmers farms. This work aimed to use RAPD markers to determine the extent of diversity in cocoyam genotypes collected from farms at different locations in the Eastern region of Ghana. The study also investigated whether the genotypes have different adaptation to different farming systems (intercropping with plantain and sole cropping) and tillage methods (mounds and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Therapeutic flora in Holy Quran

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Civilizations have a tendency to revolve around meaningful concepts of a theoretical nature which more than anything else gives them their distinctive character. Such concepts are to be found at the very beginning of a rising civilization or they may signalize, when they first make their appearance, an entirely new departure towards the eventual transformation of the environment generous to them. This signifies a fundamental change in the structure... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Migration, disillusionment and diasperic experiences in Segun Afolabi’s Goodbye Lucille and a Life Elsewhere

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  This paper ‘Migration, Disillusionment and Diasperic Experiences in Segun Afolabi’s Goodbye Lucille and A Life Elsewhere’ centres on the issues that have defined Nigerian migrants abroad. The paper seeks to identify the various regrets that have attended Nigerians’ quest for greener pastures abroad. It also focuses on the abandonment syndrome that has characterized the lives of Nigerian professionals abroad. Many... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

America and Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) Gas Pipeline

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

India and Iran share a historical and long term economic relation that has formed the basis of close bilateral relationship. In contemporary World politics, energy resources play an important role and are considered as the engines of economic growth and development for a country. India’s growing energy demand and Iran’s vast energy resources make the two nations natural economic partners. For India, Iran becomes attractive because it... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Social determinants of health and inequity among people with disabilities: A Brazilian experience

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

This paper presents a discussion concerning the results of research conducted between 2011 and 2012 in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, in which the general objectives were to understand the socio-familial inclusion of people with disabilities and their daily living needs. The methodological approach was qualitative and the data collection techniques were open life history interviews. The research subjects were ten people with acquired... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Profit efficiency of dairy farmers in Kenya: An application to smallholder farmers in Rift Valley and Central Province

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The dairy industry in Kenya is an important source of livelihood among the smallholder farmers who supply over 70% of the total milk. However, there is a growing concern on rising costs of milk production among farmers. The study assessed profit efficiency of smallholder dairying in the Rift Valley and Central Provinces of Kenya using stochastic frontier analysis for estimating farm level profit efficiency and identifying the specific determinants... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Management of major diseases and insect pests of onion and garlic: A comprehensive review

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) are the most important commercial crops grown all over the world and consumed in various forms. In India, onion and garlic have been under cultivation for the last 5000 years. It is generally used as vegetables, spices or as medicines. India ranks second to China in area and production in both onion and garlic, but ranks 102nd for onion and 74th for garlic in terms of productivity. These crops... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan District, Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

  Unless evidence based decisions are made based on local contexts, the low prevalence level of contraceptive use and the corresponding higher total fertility rate will make Ethiopia to remain the most populous country in Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan district, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among married women of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Enrichment and strengthening of Indian biotechnolgy industry along with academic interface

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

For many years, humankind has been incorporating biosciences in different places- from agriculture to food and medicine. Today, the nomenclature of biology has been recoined as Biotechnology, a technological science with a perfect blend of sophisticated techniques, manuals and application of fast delivery equipment and vehicles. It encompasses chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, bioinformatics (computer aided biotechnological science),... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

"Grief for what is human, grief for what is not": An Ecofeminist Insight into the Poetry of Lucille Clifton

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper seeks to present an understanding of Lucille Clifton's poetry through the theory of ecofeminism that finds a connection between the exploitation of nature and the oppression of women. According to ecofeminists, among all the human groups threatened by the devastation of the environment, women in particular are exposed to the greatest dangers. This can be seen in the births of deformed babies, miscarriages due to radioactive waste, and... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 8

Interest groups, voluntary agreements and tobacco control in Ghana

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

The paper examines the role of tobacco interest groups in obstructing the adoption of tobacco control policies in developing countries using the interest groups and global advocacy network theories. Specifically, it combines expert interviews with review of secondary materials to examine the strategies to promote the adoption of a tobacco control law in Ghana. This study finds that the adoption of the voluntary agreements in Ghana created the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

A social-semiotic engagement with representations of President Robert Mugabe and Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai in The ZimDaily.com from June 2008 to July 2013

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

THE FIVE-YEAR government of national unity tenure in Zimbabwe that brought together three leading political parties namely the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), and the two Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) parties came to an end when the country held successful parliamentary and presidential elections in July 2013. As was the case in 2008, the ruling ZANU-PF party won the 2013 election. Using the social-semiotics... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

A shift from peasant to intellectual-led political opposition in Tigray during the imperial regime (up to 1974)

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This paper examines how the educated people of Tigray took over the illiterate ones to fight against the imperial government. Local songs, poems and sayings used against Emperor Haileslasie are discussed. Following the liberation of Ethiopia from the Italian occupation in 1941, Emperor Haileslasie introduced a number of reforms, many of which were rejected by the people of Ethiopia. The imperial government used different measures including force to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Access and attrition of female students in secondary schools in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The study investigated access of female students to secondary education and the completion rate of those that were enrolled in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It also determined the factors responsible for the attrition of female students with a view to promoting the education of the girl child in the FCT. Twenty two public secondary schools were randomly selected from three area councils of the FCT. Documentary information on enrolment and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Origin and development of ‘Directing’ in juju music performance

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Juju music as a unique Nigerian popular genre has so many African phenomena inculcated into its performance though it has some western touches in its scale and some other features. Hence this paper examined one of the African phenomena – directing, in the performance of juju music. This write up was based on the conducted research and in order to present a genuine report, live performances and the recordings of juju exponents such as King... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 3

Study habits, use of school libraries and students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

The study was on study habits, use of libraries and students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State. Survey technique was adopted for the study, and the instrument for data collection was questionnaire. Complete enumeration was the procedure used for the study. 296 copies of questionnaire were administered and retrieved but 14 copies were invalid. Thus, 284 (95%) copies were valid... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Career challenges in construction craft training in technical vocational education and training in Ghana

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The study examined the challenges of the Pilot Training Centre (PTC) at the National Vocational Training Institute (NVTI) at Kokomlemle, a suburb of Accra in the training of tradesmen for the construction industry. A descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population consists of tutors, current students and past students of the PTC/NVTI and contractors within the Accra Metropolis. The sample comprised ten tutors, fifteen past students,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Ethno- medicine of Bhotia tribe in Mana village of Uttarakhand

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

The present paper is based on field work conducted in village Mana in Joshimath subdivision of the District Chamoli, Uttarakhand, among Bhotias. The group of Bhotias residing in this village belongs to the Marcha Bhotia category and is transhumant in nature. The paper gives an ethnographic background of the Bhotias and then focuses on the major ethno-medicines which are used by these people. These medicines have been in use through the ages. This... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Effect of dipentyl phthalate in 3-dimensional in vitro testis co-culture is attenuated by cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

Exposure to phthalate esters is associated with changes in steroidogenesis, leading to the hypothesis that this is a primary mechanism of phthalate reproductive toxicity. However, some phthalate-induced male reproductive toxicity has been demonstrated in the absence of changes to testosterone production, suggesting additional mechanisms of action. There is evidence that phthalate exposure increases expression of the inflammatory enzyme... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Effect of orally administered bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) extract on the growth performance and haematological parameters of broiler chicken

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

The effect of administering graded concentration levels of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) extract to broiler birds for growth performance and health promoter potential (haematological parameters) was evaluated. The birds were randomly distributed into six treatments with three replicates per treatment, each replicate having 10 birds. Treatment 1 is the control treatment given only water, treatment 2 were given Neocyrl® antibiotics (1.5 g at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

An assessment of the impact of the fast track land reform programme on the environment: The Case of Eastdale Farm in Gutu District, Masvingo

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Through the indigenisation programme, the government of Zimbabwe embarked on fast track land reform which to some extent had both positive and negative impacts. The aim of the programme was to empower the local Zimbabweans economically and to improve on food security. On the other hand, this initiative had negative implications to the environment. The research explored how the new farming communities endeavoured to protect the environment through... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Millenium development goals and combating agricultural child labour in Nigeria

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

A simmering crisis in the Nigerian agriculture today involves labour and the crisis manifests itself in the degree of labour availability, labour demand and labour productivity. One of the major products of this crisis is the increased participation of children in paid, non-familiar agricultural jobs. They are frequently employed as farm labourers, bird scarers, food crop harvesters, processors and hawkers. More than 132 million children work in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

The prevalence of intestinal helminthic infections and associated risk factors among school Children in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

This study was conducted on prevalence of intestinal helminthes infection and their associated risk factors among school children from a rural and a semi urban setting in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional parasitological study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of intestinal helminthes infection. A total of 402 students’ stool samples were taken and processed with direct wet mount and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Somatic embryogenesis in two Nigerian cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444)

Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research

J. Evol. Biol. Res.

The embryogenic ability of two cassava cultivars (Sandpaper and TMS 60444) was investigated by culturing their young leaf lobes on an induction medium (DKW2 50P). The explants formed organized embryogenic structures regardless of the concentration of picloram in the medium. Organized embryogenic structures induction was enhanced by increasing the concentration of picloram in the induction medium for both cultivars. The optimum level of picloram at... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The effects of principals' loneliness in the workplace on their self-performance

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The main purpose of this research is to analyse the effect of the loneliness status of principals' working at the schools in Aydin, Turkey to their individual performance. The partcipants included 286 principals, working in Aydin city center, district or villages. “Loneliness at Work Scale” (LAWS) and “Employee Performance Scale” (EPS) were used as data collection tools. According to the findings, principals'... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 20

Evaluation of the anti-ulcer property of aqueous extract of unripe Musa paradisiaca Linn. peel in Wistar rats

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  This study investigated the antiulcer activity of aqueous extract of unripe Musa paradisiacal (plantain) peels in rats using ethanol, aspirin, indomethacin and pyloric ligation-induced ulcer models. Fresh peels of M. paradisiaca were extracted in hot water and the yield lyophilised. Distilled water, standard drugs and extract were injected intraperitoneally before inducing ulcer. Lethality test and quantitative phytochemical analyses were... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 39

Alternatives for remediation and decontamination of soils from Brazil

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The aim of this work is to identify the main sources of contamination of soils, their effects on organisms also presenting alternatives for remediation and decontamination of these contaminated environments. The soils have in their composition organisms that are naturally present, as well as the presence of contaminants in increasing proportion when compared to the world industrialization and modernization of agriculture; therefore, increase in... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 43

Influence of post-fire successional gradients in Pinus brutia forests on ground beetle community changes

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Fire is a common disturbance factor in Mediterranean ecosystems. It is a very spectacular ecological force because it destroys ecosystems in a very short time. Insect groups are commonly used as indicators to evaluate habitat changes after disturbances. In this study, the successional changes were evaluated by the composition of ground beetles communities in East Mediterranean pine forests. Ground beetle fauna was investigated using pit-fall traps... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Preliminary investigations of the binding ability of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) starch in paracetamol tablets

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The binding properties of starch obtained from Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) were evaluated. The starch from the seeds was extracted and the binding ability of its mucilage compared with that of maize starch mucilage in paracetamol based tablets at concentrations of 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% w/v. The following properties of the starch powders were evaluated; organoleptic properties, microscopy and reaction with iodine solution while for the paracetamol... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 38

Moringa extracts used in sugarcane juice treatment and effects on ethanolic fermentation

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of sugarcane juice treatment using Moringa oleifera leaf and seeds extracts on ethanolic fermentation. The experiment was arranged in a split plot statistical design, with four replications. Main treatments were three sedimentation agents (synthetic polyelectrolyte, moringa leaf and seed extracts) and control while the secondary treatments were two sugarcane varieties (RB867515 and CTC4).... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 42

Assortment planning: Strategic perception of retail owners and managers in Brazil

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

The goal of the Assortment Planning (AP) is to specify an assortment that maximizes sales and profits which counterbalance the offer of products based on the decisions made about sales; it also increases the probability for consumers to find their own favorite product without increase in storage costs or risk of stock out. This work aims to investigate the strategic perception of retail owners and managers about assortment. Specifically, this study... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 19

Influence of physical protectors with different filters on the initial development of Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub seedlings

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The use of physical protectors has been considered as an efficient technique for tillage farming of different species, mainly native ones. Based on the importance of the species, Peltophorum dubium for revegetation of degraded areas, this study evaluated the emergence, survival and initial development of P. dubium seedlings under the influence of physical protectors with different filters. Thus, the following treatments were adopted: absence of... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 42

Molecular profiling of different morphotypes under the genus Rhynchophorus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Central and Southern Philippines

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier and Rhynchophorus schach Olivier have long been reported as the two most common species of palm weevils in the Philippines. In 2008, surveys conducted in Agusan del Sur, Davao del Sur, Davao City and Cebu revealed more erstwhile unreported palm weevil morphotypes which led to perplexity in taxonomic classification. This study was conducted to determine and ascertain the genetic variation and phylogenetic... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Environmental education: A holistic approach using Wall Chart with Manual

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

Human activities such as inequitable and unsustainable production and consumption of earth resources cause environmental problems. There is need to develop research and innovative techniques towards public understanding of these environmental problems and sustainable development. This paper contains the first edition of Environmental and Sustainability Wall Chart with manual for explanation.  This chart will be displayed at public places such... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 19

Creating animal welfare assessment method for backyard goat production in the Philippines using stockmanship competence as proxy indicator

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Measuring animal welfare is a newly emerging area of research and it needs a multi-disciplinary approach do it. Due to the diversity of what constitute the definition of animal welfare, different methods and models were developed, and mostly were implemented in semi-intensive and commercial farms in developed countries. There are hardly any studies of animal welfare assessment conducted in developing countries and in backyard livestock operations.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Projections of pharmacokinetic parameter estimates from mid-dose plasma concentrations in individuals on efavirenz: A novel approach

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

  This work seeks to project individual pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter estimates of efavirenz (a drug with a long half life) from mid-dose concentrations and covariates, assuming full mass transfer of the drug. Gender, weight and CYP2B6, 516G>T genetic data of 61 patients on efavirenz containing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was collated and analysed. Models were derived to guide dose adjustment in patients predicted to... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Targeted parallel sequencing of the Musa species: Searching for an alternative model system for polyploidy studies

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Modern day genomics holds the promise of solving the complexities of basic plant sciences, and of catalyzing practical advances in plant breeding. While contiguous, "base perfect" deep sequencing is a key module of any genome project; recent advances in parallel next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has opened up new avenues for answering biological questions in moderate to large genomes of complex polyploid species like banana.... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 41

Evaluation of Streptomyces as probiotics against vibriosis and health management of prawn larvae Macrobrachium rosenbergii

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Nearly forty-five isolates of Streptomyces were found to be associated with 16 different seaweeds. Of these, only six strains that antagonized Vibrio vulnificus were selected to study the probiotic efficiency.  Six strains were characterized based on the phenotypic characteristics.  The toxicity of different Vibrio species (V. harveyji, V. parahemolyticus, V. alginolyticus, V. vulnificus) towards prawn larvae were studied, among them,... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 41

Sources of resistance in mungbean genotypes to Cercospora leaf spot disease and its management

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Sixty-five mungbean genotypes were screened for resistance against Cercospora leaf spot under disease epiphytotic condition. The disease symptoms initiated on the lower side of the old leaves of susceptible genotypes and progressively spread all over the plant. Considerable variations among the genotypes were observed with respect to disease reactions. Among the sixty-five genotypes, one genotype LGG-460 was found highly resistant while GM-02-08,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 41

A study of some systems of nonlinear partial differential equations by using Adomian and modified decomposition methods

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research

Afr. J. Math. Comput. Sci. Res.

In this paper, we introduce the solution of systems of nonlinear partial differential equations subject to the general initial conditions by using Adomian decomposition method (ADM) and Modified decomposition method (MDM). The proposed Adomian and Modified decomposition methods was applied to reformulated first and second order initial value problems, which leads the solution in terms of transformed variables, and the series solution will be... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Phytochemical screening and study of antioxidant and analgesic potentials of ethanolic extract of Stephania japonica Linn.

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research

J. Med. Plants Res.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the possible phytochemicals present, antioxidant activity and analgesic potential of ethanolic extract of leaves of Stephania japonica (Linn.). For investigating the antioxidant activity, four complementary test systems, namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, reducing power assay, Fe++ ion chelating ability and total phenolic content were used. Analgesic activity of the... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 37

Physiological maturity of seeds and colorimetry of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Degener)

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The passion fruit is among the major fruit crops grown in Brazil, being propagated by seeds due to ease of implementation. However, obtaining seeds of quality is associated with the proper time of collection. Thus, the objective was to determinate the physiological maturity of seeds of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Degener) using the external color of the fruit. Seeds from passion fruit were collected from four plants. It was... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 40

Crop nutrition studies on grain filling and chalkiness in rice

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Rice grain chalkiness can reduce crop quality resulting in lower grades and returns. It is as a consequence of loose starch and protein particles packing during grain filling and maturation, and may due to nutritional, biochemical, physiological and environmental conditions particularly in varieties with high inheritable chalkiness. This study set out to evaluate the response to varying levels of nitrogen and potassium [N:K] fertilizer combinations... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Cassava production seems to be economically viable but there seems to exist no empirical documented evidence to this effect in Ika North East L.G.A of Delta State, Nigeria. In view of this, the study analyzed the economic and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State. A multistage random sampling was used to select a total of 120 respondents used for the study. Data used for the study was from... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Diversification and poverty upward mobility in isolated areas of Zambia: An agricultural assets transfer perspective

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

that should dramatically move their asset base towards the threshold necessary to take the first step out of poverty. Some beneficiaries of production assets have however, often remained the same or even relapsed into worse poverty. Understanding households’ diversification behavior according to stages in the domestic life cycle, and having a better insight into the structure of poverty dimensions that show a positive change when assets are... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Impacts of human activities on macroinvertebrate community structure along Chepkoilel River swamp, Kenya

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

This study was set out to investigate the impacts of human activities along Chepkoilel River swamp on Macroinvertebrate community structure. Macroinvertebrates were sampled at six stations along Chepkoilel river swamp. Stations were chosen to correspond to different human activities and intensity of human presence and sampling done at each station for 6 months. Selected water quality parameters were measured at each sampling site. Sampled... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Pharmacognostic evaluation and antisickling activity of the leaves of Securinega virosa Roxb. ex Willd. (Euphorbiaceae)

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Securinega virosa (Euphorbiaceae) together with condiments from natural sources serve as antisickling remedies in Nigeria. This study was aimed at establishing the pharmacognostic profile as well as the antisickling activity of the leaves of S. virosa Roxb. ex Willd (Euphorbiaceae). Evaluation of the fresh, powdered and anatomical sections of the leaves were carried out to determine the macromorphological, micromorphological and chemomicroscopic... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 40

Maize (Zea mays) growth promotion by rock-phosphate solubilising bacteria isolated from nutrient deficient soils of Cameroon

African Journal of Microbiology Research

Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.

Rock phosphate is an alternative strategy for less expensive natural sources of plant nutrients. However, this can be efficiently used by plants only when associated with phosphate solubilising microorganisms. Phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB) from soils of two agro ecological zones of Cameroon were screened for their phosphate solubilising ability on plates and in liquid cultures supplemented with Malian, Moroccan or Mexican rock phosphates.... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 40

Isolation and identification of aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of cart horses in Central Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross sectional study to isolate and identify aerobic bacterial species from upper respiratory tract of horses was conducted from October, 2009 to April, 2010. Forty eight apparently healthy horses (APHH) and 56 horses with respiratory tract diseases (HRTD) brought to Society for protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics in Central Ethiopia were randomly selected. Swab samples were collected aseptically from nasopharynx of the horses. Isolation... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Indian mindscape: Caste, class hegemony with reference to Kannada short story ‘Classmate’

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

  Caste identity is not just a question of consciousness; it is a matter of structure, of power. Can the category Dalit merely represent a perspective? Can it just be a standpoint? And what are the tools/ideas/texts that would enable a Dalit perspective? Can a Dalit perspective be divorced from the experience of being termed an untouchable? Untouchability is not a singular experience; what holds Dalits together is the structural fact that... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 7

Orientation impact on performance of undergraduate students in University of Cape Coast (Ghana)

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

  Orientation is widely conceived to encompass activities that support the transition into educational institutions. The University of Cape Coast, Ghana places a premium on orientation for fresh year students and yet the impact of such programmes on students’ performance remains a difficult thing to determine. This study, therefore, focuses on finding out the impact of orientation on the academic performance of students. The study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Whole-body vibration and benefits for people with osteoarthritis: A systematic review

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

  Whole body vibration (WBV) can be an important tool to treat patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to systematically review published research concerning the use of WBV in people with OA. In PubMed and Scopus, the number of publications (NP) is respectively to the keywords arthrosis, 289,586 and 10,569, osteoarthrosis, 299,158 and 3,952, arthritis, 251,453 and 236,849 and osteoarthritis, 56,323 and 80,008.... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Identity, centralization and resistance in Ethiopia: The case of Nuer and Anuak

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

  The Anuak-Nuer resistance to centralization traced back to their incorporation in the last decade of the ninetieth century.  It was a reaction against submission, and aggravated and shaped by the new developments in Ethiopia and British-ruled Sudan. The perspectives of   local and ethnic groups and formation of local groups, identities and interests have been formed, dissolved and affected the political and social processes... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 6

The effect of communicative grammar on journalism students’ writing skills

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

  Language skills are taught at all levels with varying degrees of attention. The teaching of grammar is, however, contested although one can hardly find an English lesson without grammar at all. However, the efforts to explain grammar in English as a foreign language classes is an arguable issue on whether a writing class involving grammar lessons that pertain to the kind of text students want to produce is worth practicing. In this study,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Public administration reform in Eritrea: Past trends and emerging challenges

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research

J. Public Adm. Policy Res.

Public administration has always been the tool available to African governments for the implementation of developmental goals and objectives. It is seen as being crucial to the growth and development of African economies. To this end efforts have been made in many African countries to increase efficiency through decentralization, restructuring and privatization. This study presents Eritrea’s public administration reform experience, and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

When the music moves you: Revisiting the classics in the company of neuroscience

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

  When the music moves you, you dance. The bodily movement that develops in response to music is what is here considered “dance.” Philosophers have long understood music as possessing the power to move us. This paper employs Heinrich Wolfflin’s theory of “sympathetic modeling”—a theory recently validated by neuroscientists’ discovery of mirror neurons in humans—and Antonio Damasio’s... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 2

Effect of processing on the quality of flour, abacha slices and its flour derived from cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) TMS 97/4779

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of processing methods on the quality of abacha slices. Abacha slices were produced from cassava (TMS 97/4779) roots by four different methods. The abacha processing methods investigated were of different peeling, boiling, slicing and soaking methods. Also, raw cassava flour, which was peeled, sliced and dried (PSD) was produced. The sensory properties and yield of abacha, the chemical and physical... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Mitigating potential and antioxidant properties of aqueous seed extract of Leea guineensis against dichlorovos-induced toxicity in Wistar rats

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.

  This work was carried out to access the mitigating potential of Leea guineensis aqueous seed extract against dichlorovos (DDVP)-induced toxicity in Wistar rats for ten days. Twenty Wistar albino rats (weighing 90 to 106 g) were divided into four groups (Normal, DDVP-induced untreated, DDVP-induced treated with 200 mg/kg of L. guineensis seed and DDVP-induced treated with 400 mg/kg L. guineensis seed by oral gavage). DDVP was induced in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Relationship of individual and work related factors with obstructive type lung function disorder of underground coal miners: A spirometry study

Journal of Geology and Mining Research

J. Geol. Min. Res.

In this study, an attempt is made to correlate the presence or absence of FEV1 < 80% predicted as measured by spirometry, with a number of individual and work related factors. This is a cross-sectional study involving 341 workers of an underground coal mine situated in the southern part of India. The data used in this investigation were collected from the Periodical Medical Examination (PME) center of the case study mine and through a... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Removal of azo dye from water by adsorption using waste residue from alum manufacturing process

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Adsorption techniques are widely used to remove certain groups of pollutants such as dyes which are not amenable to biodegradation and environmentally very problematic. Although commercial activated carbon is a preferred sorbent for color removal, its widespread use is restricted due to high cost. As such, alternative non-conventional sorbents should be investigated. It is well-known that natural materials, waste materials from industry and... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Subscription Form