Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Cytotaxonomic study of the larvae of blackfly (Diptera: Simuliidae) from River-Ose, Ondo State, Nigeria

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

A study of the cytotaxonomy of the larvae of blackfly was undertaken at three sites, Imeri A, Imeri B, and Ose-oba, along River Ose in Ondo State, Nigeria. Based on the morphology of the larvae and the resultant pupae, three species of blackflies were identified. These included Simulium damnosum complex, Simulium alcocki,...

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Prevalence of the major ectoparasites of poultry in extensive and intensive farms in Jimma, southwestern Ethiopia

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Ectoparasites pose a serious health threat and constitute major impediments in poultry production in many countries of the world including Ethiopia. However, they are paid less attention as endoparasites and infectious diseases; the huge economic burden of the parasites need a comprehensive study encompassing both...

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Prospects and challenges of management of smallholders' Wovwe Rice Irrigation Scheme in Malawi through participatory approach

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

The concept of participatory approach in irrigation management was adopted in Malawi in the mid 1990s, but fully implemented in early 2000. This research was designed to analyze the challenges and benefits which Water User Associations (WUAs) encountered during implementation of irrigation projects using Wovwe Water User...

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Technology tracking: Understanding decisions to adopt, not to adopt, and dis-adopt household greywater filtration systems

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Jordan is one of the world’s water-poorest countries. The demand for potable and productive water is ever increasing due to population growth, climate change, increasing numbers of refugees hosted by the country, as well as heightened demand from a growing economy and its different sectors. Household greywater...

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Limitations and strategies to enhance biological nitrogen fixation in sub-humid tropics of Western Ethiopia

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Currently, inorganic nitrogen fertilizer becomes a serious threat to the environment and human health. Thus, finding of alternate source of nitrogen is a viable option in assuring of sustainable agricultural system. Biological nitrogen fixation is a critical and key process in sustainable agricultural systems in tropical...

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Genetic analysis for grain yield and yield related traits in maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines in line × tester mating design

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Maize is one of the most important cereal crop widely grown in the world. Maize crosses along with similar maturing checks were evaluated at Hawassa in 2015-2016 cropping season to understand the nature of gene action governing yield and its attributes through line × tester analysis and to study genetic contribution...

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Adaptability evaluation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes at Western Ethiopia

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Fifteen common bean genotypes were tested at four locations with two management regimes of lime treated and lime untreated acidic soils. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications during 2016/17 cropping season. The combined analysis of variance over environments showed significant...

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Micro-propagation of Colocasia esculenta (cv. Bolosso I) from corm and sprout tip explants

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Taro (Colocasia esculenta L.) is a perennial, aquatic and semi-aquatic species, member of the family Araceae grown for its edible tuberous root. The application of conventional propagation techniques for taro could not produce the high demand and quality planting materials due to its low productive capacity and diseases...

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Combining ability and gene action of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes in Southern Ethiopia

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

This work identifies the combining ability of 10 hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) parents and 45F1 hybrids obtained from 10 x 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene...

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Genetic variability in a quality protein maize (QPM) population under double viral infections

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

The type of gene action conferring combined resistance to maize streak virus (MSV) and maize stripe virus (MStV) was investigated in a Quality Protein Maize (QPM) population, ART/98/SW6-OB. Full-sib and half-sib progenies generated using North Carolina Design I mating scheme were evaluated in 2015 and 2016 in two...

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Incidence of seed borne fungi in farm saved rice seeds, quality declared seed and certified seed in Morogoro Region in Tanzania

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the second most important food crop after maize in Tanzania. It faces many challenges like diseases, pests and physical damages, which reduce the seed quality. This article identified microorganisms and the district where they occurred. 13 fungal species comprising of 11 pathogenic and 2...

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Phenotypic and serological evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.Walp) genotypes for resistance to viral infection under field conditions

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Viral infections are a major challenge to sustainable cowpea production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Nine cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) genotypes were evaluated for resistance against viral infection in a field trial involving randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Viral disease severity was assessed...

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Biochemical changes in superchilled storage of salmon (Salmo salar) fillets

July 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 7

Biochemical changes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fillets during superchilled storage were evaluated. Due to the significant differences in ice crystal sizes observed, the biochemical changes were evaluated both at the top and centre parts of the superchilled samples. No significant differences were found in biochemical...

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Physicochemical properties of starches extracted from local cassava varieties with the aid of crude pectolytic enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ATCC 52712)

July 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 7

Starches extracted from root mashes of the Nkabom, Esam Bankye, Bankyehemaa, Doku Duade and Afisiafi cassava varieties, with the aid of (crude) pectolytic enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae pectolytic were analysed to compare effects of (pectolytic) enzyme technology on the physicochemical properties of the extracted...

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Enhancing the retention of β-carotene and vitamin C in dried mango using alternative blanching processes

July 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 7

The effects of microwave (MW) dry blanching of mango in comparison with conventional water blanching and blanching in closed plastic bags prior to hot air drying (70°C) were evaluated on the retention of vitamin C and β-carotene and on the activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO)...

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Evaluation of thigh muscles of 3 breeds of cattle (White Fulani, Sokoto Gudali and Red Bororo)

July 2018 - Vol 12 Num. 7

If different breeds or muscles of animal have same composition is a food for thought. Do muscles from animals eaten as food, have different chemical composition? This study evaluates composition of thigh muscles from three breeds of cattle and the different muscles in the thigh. Nine 1-year male cattle, comprising of 3...

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Incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in rural women accessing antenatal care services in Awka, south-east, Nigeria

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Nigeria accounts for a considerable proportion of maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. The study investigated the incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in women accessing antenatal care services at health facilities in Awka South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The study adopted...

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Precision health contributions to public health: An integrative review

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

Precision health is an all-encompassing term, which can describe a type of care that shows the intersectionality of genomics, precision health or medicine and public health. This integrative review aimed to investigate how precision health strategies could contribute to the public health and improve health-related...

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Malaria outbreak and contracting factors in Afar Region, Ethiopia, 2016

July 2018 - Vol 10 Num. 7

On July 5, 2016, Amibera District Health office was alerted of excess of malaria cases in two villages. Within July 5 to 17, 2016 malaria outbreak and associations factors were investigated. A malaria case is when a person with fever or fever with headache is confirmed either microscopically to have Plasmodium parasites...

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Effects of L-Arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens

July 2018 - Vol 9 Num. 7

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of L-arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens. The study comprised 297 mixed sex Sasso chickens of twelve-weeks old raised in floor pens, the birds were randomly distributed into three treatments and three replicates with...

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