Globalization, Culture mutation and new identity: Implications for the Igbo cultural heritage

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The paper engages in globalization debate to explore culture mutation and resurgent new identity in the periphery societies of Africa. It focuses on the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria. The study of Igbo culture mutation is particularly interesting because 'traditional' scholarship presents the people as 'acephalous','egalitarian' and “republican”. It locates culture mutation within a social organization of culture... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Knowledge, attitudes and participation of community pharmacists in Lagos State, Nigeria towards primary health care (PHC)

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

The general objective of this study was to evaluate community pharmacists’ participation in primary health care as well as to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge of primary health care and determine their level of participation in health promotion, disease prevention and curative primary health care activities in Lagos, Nigera. A total of 120 community pharmacists were used for this study. Data was collected through the use of a self... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Correlation analysis for maize grain yield, other agronomic parameters and Striga affected traits under Striga infested/free environment

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Evaluation of 15 F1 hybrids and six parents obtained from partial diallel crosses was carried out during 2011 rainy season at Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) Samaru, Zaria Striga infested field and Striga free field (2 environments). Interrelationships of grain yield and its components under Striga infestation revealed that character ear height had positive and highly significant phenotypic correlation with grain yield (rph = 0.55)**. While... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

The legitimacy challenge of market governance in Botswana

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper examines the economic policy implementation in Botswana, a country where the state is actively engaged in the management of the economy in partnership with organized interests in the private sector, to bring about a diversification of the market away from dependence on mining. The discussion looks at the institutional mechanisms of state-market “partnership”, examining how the weak legitimacy of the government’s... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 9

Distribution of enteric bacterial pathogens among patients with gastrointestinal tract infections and food vendors in Lagos, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Stool samples from 2,200 patients with gastrointestinal tract (GIT) infections and 900 apparently healthy food vendors were collected in Lagos, Nigeria and examined to determine incidence and distribution of bacterial pathogens using standard microbiological methods. The isolates recovered were identified to belong to seven genera which include Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Proteus, Klebsiella, Vibrio and Enterobacter. Salmonella typhi was the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of polyunsaturated fatty acids... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Rational veterinary drug use: Its significance in public health

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Veterinary drugs are used as therapeutic, prophylactic and growth promotion, and can be used in either rational or irrational way. Rational use of drugs means the sick animals receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements, for an adequate period of time, and at the lowest cost to them and their community. Irrational drug uses are characterized by over-prescription, inappropriate dosage,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Students become authors: A course in Advanced Writing employing expressivist theory and pedagogy

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

The first main assignment required in the first six weeks of Writing II class was designed on the expressivist approach. The article provides an actual class realization when the assignment was given to a group of thirty, English-major students at one Jordanian university. Those six weeks were a mixture of hard work, complaint, excitement, and actual texts produced. An overview of the theoretical basis on which the assignment was built is provided... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 10

Media preferences and perceptions: The case of Bahir Dar University instructors

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The main intent of this study is to empirically examine media preferences and perceptions of instructors at Bahir Dar University (BDU) in selected faculties, colleges and school. The survey method of research was employed to conduct the study, and questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used for the selection of instructors. The findings reveal that Bahir Dar University instructors... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Comprehending rural market environment

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

Rural markets are gold mines paved with thrones. With mammoth size of 833 million populations residing in 640867 villages, rural India offers huge untapped potentiality for any marketer. There is wide disparity in village population range from less than 200 to more than 10000. The main occupation of majority of rural population is agriculture and allied activities that signify main source of income. Rural consumers spend more on food items as... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies

Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud

This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding globalization debate, according to... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 1

Mycoflora associated with Masakwa sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L) moench) in the North Eastern part of Nigeria

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research

J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.

A laboratory study was conducted at the Department of Crop Protection, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria to assess the incidence of seed-borne fungi and their effects on seed germination of Masakwa sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Three varieties (Bulwana, Adjaama and Buruu) used were collected from different locations namely Bama, Dikwa and Konduga of Borno State, Nigeria. About 34.9% of the seeds were infected by different species of fungi obtained from... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 4

Basic biology and therapeutic application of stem cells in various human and animal diseases

Journal of Cell Biology and Genetics

J. Cell Biol. Genet.

Stem cells are a population of precursor cells that are capable of developing into many different cell types in the body. They are unspecialized cells that can give rise to specialized cells and capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods. Based on the potency, stem cells can be totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, oligopotent, unipotent and based on source it can be divided as embryonic, fetal, adult, amniotic fluid, cord blood,... Read more

Vol. 4 Num. 4

Isolation and identification of Mannhemia and Pasturella species from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle and their antibiogram susceptibility pattern in Bedelle District, Western Ethiopia

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The study was conducted from October 2012 to April 2013 at Bedelle district, Western Ethiopia. The aim was to isolate Mannheimia and Pasteurella species, and to assess the associated risk factors from pneumonic and apparently healthy cattle, and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the isolates. Out of 329 samples from animals (185 nasal swabs from clinic and 144 lung tissues abattoir) examined, 50.2% was found to be positive to the disease. The... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Influence of traumatic event(s) and location of residence on fear of crime: A case study of undergraduate students in Nigeria

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This study investigated the influence of experienced traumatic event(s) (High/Low) and place of residence (on campus/off campus) on level of fear of crime among university students. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design and gathered data from a randomly selected 281 University students. The sample comprises 184 (65.5%) males and 97 (34.5%) females. Hypotheses generated were tested using inferential statistics. The results showed that... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Effect of infection by Metarhizium anisopliae isolate ICIPE 51 on developmental stage, fecundity and intrinsic rate of increase of Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

This study assesses the pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae isolate ICIPE 51 against different nymphal instars and adults of Rhopalosiphum padi and Metopolophium dirhodum and investigates effects of fungal infection on fecundity and intrinsic rate of aphid increase. To obtain different developmental stages, adult aphids were inoculated onto fresh leaf discs, reproducing parthenogenetically. Rearing was carried out to ensure different... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Computational calculation of the electronic and magnetic properties of 1x1-MN/GaN (M = V, Cr and Mn) multilayers

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

We employed density functional theory (DFT) in order to study the electronic and magnetic properties of 1x1-MN/GaN (M = V, Cr, and Mn) multilayers, in the wurtzite-type hexagonal structure. The calculations were carried out using a method based on full-potential linearized augmented plane waves (FP-LAPW), employed exactly as implemented in Wien2k code. For the description of the electron-electron interaction, generalized gradient approximation (GGA)... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 24

Relocation of source of sporadic production using genetic algorithm in distribution network

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

Today, due to the development of distribution systems and increase of demand and load, the use of the source of scattered production has developed. The establishment of the installation place and the size of the source of scattered production decrease network loss, lead to best action of network as well as the recovery of the voltage profile. In this article, we use the genetic algorithm for relocating and finding the best sources of scattered... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Partial purification and some physicochemical properties of Aspergillus flavus α-amylase isolated from decomposing cassava peels

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

α-Amylase is one of the most important enzymes of great significance due to its wide area of potential application in food, fermentation, textile, paper, detergent and pharmaceutical industries. This study aimed at production of α-amylase from an indigenous fungal source and also ascertaining the properties of the enzyme for maximal activity. The enzyme was isolated from decomposing cassava peels, fractionated at 70% ammonium sulphate... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 52

The impact of dictation practice on Turkish as a foreign language learners’ writing skills

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The purpose of this study is to learn about the impact of dictation practice on B1 level Turkish as a foreign language learners’ writing skills. In this study, a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design with control group was used. The study was carried out with 24 B1 level students enrolled in Gaziantep University Turkish and Foreign Languages Research and Application Center (TÖMER). Both experimental and control groups consisted of 12... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 24

Role of phosphorus in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) production

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

India is a highly populated country under the category of developing nations. The protein requirement of most of the people is fulfilling through pulses. Production of pulse crops and their yield stagnation last so many years. It has been estimated that India’s population would reach 1.68 billion by 2030 from the present level of 1.21 billion. Accordingly, vision of Indian Institute of Pulse Research, 2030, the projected pulse requirement by... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 51

Diversity analysis of Rhizoctonia solani causing sheath blight of rice in India

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani) causes severe loss in the production of rice in India. Twenty five (25) isolates were collected from different parts of India. Morphological and cultural characters were investigated, on the basis of colony colour, growth pattern, hyphal width, colony growth, formation of sclerotia, size of sclerotia, diameter and number of sclerotia. Pathogenic variability was studied on highly susceptible cultivar Pusa Basmati-1... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 51

Variation of small scale wetland fishery in relation to land use along Mpologoma riverine marsh in Eastern Uganda

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

In densely populated areas such as those in eastern Uganda where livelihoods demands create immense pressure on environmental resources, small scale wetland fisheries may be disturbed by agriculture practices. The study carried out between 2011 and 2012, investigated the variation of fish catch at the different wetland sites in relation to land use in Mpologoma riverine marsh. Four sites were identified to represent different land uses; intact... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 12

Primordial radionuclides in potable water from former tin-mining areas with elevated activity

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

The activity concentrations of the primordial radionuclides in potable water from 2 former mining areas (Bisichi and Bukuru) in Jos, Plateau state in Nigeria have been studied. The activities were determined by a non-destructive analysis using a computerized gamma ray spectrometry system with high purity germanium (HPGe). The results show the average activity concentrations for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K for Bukuru and Bisichi to be respectively 1.20... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Effect of welding parameters in flux core arc welding (FCAW) with conventional and pulsed current in the efficiency and fusion rate of melting coating

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

This study was conducted over the welding parameters associated with three levels of pulse to lead to important data for the deposition of metal on martensitic stainless steel, through tubular electrode EC410NiMo MC – ESAB by the conventional and pulsed flux core arc welding (FCAW) process in SAE 1020 steel. Were applied three current levels, 170A, 200A e 230A with welding speed of 300 mm/s, 350 mm/s and 400 mm/s, respectively and distance... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, antimicrobial, phytotoxic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal activities of fixed oil from Viburnum grandiflorum

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

The present paper deals with the proximate chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial, phytotoxic and insecticidal activities of fixed oil isolated from aerial parts of Viburnum grandiflorum. The fixed oil was subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis which displayed the presence of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid. Palmitic acid, methyl ester was found in highest concentration (24.22%) among the recognized... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 46

The ripple effects of electoral experience in a frontier community in Nigeria: A study of a micro revolution in Ilorin, 1955-1959

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The adoption of Arthur Richards Constitution in 1946 and its implementation from the 1st January, 1947 translated to different things in different parts of the present day parts of Nigerian. Being an imperial order that extended the electoral principle in Nigeria, beyond Lagos and Calabar that have been having elected representatives in the European dominated councils in their respective areas since 1922, it was bound to stimulate major changes in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Study on occurrence and importance of faba bean diseases with special consideration to the newly emerging “faba bean gall” in Tigray, Ethiopia

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Faba bean is one of the most important crops in Ethiopia. The production of the crop is, however, constrained by several disease infections including fungal diseases. A survey was conducted in 2013 to assess the occurrence and importance diseases affecting faba bean in south Tigray. The observed diseases were gall, chocolate spot, ascochyta blight, alternaria leaf spot, black root rot and rust in order of their prevalence. The overall mean... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 50

Population structure and regeneration status of Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkm. after selective and clear felling in Kibale National Park, Uganda

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Prunus africana is a globally threatened indigenous medicinal tree species, and food for many primates. Its population has declined in Sub-Saharan Africa due to unsustainable harvest and poor protection. In this study, we determined the population density, population structure and regeneration status of P. africana in the former clear felled, selectively logged and primary forests of Kibale National Park, and assessed the effects of dense cover of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The relating level of teacher candidates based on scientific information with their daily lives: A case of Atatürk and Caucasian universities

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The aim of this research is to determine and compare candidate teachers’ level of relating scientific information with their daily lives. The teachers were studying in the 1st and 4th classes in Atatürk and Caucasian Universities, Education Faculty, Elementary School Science Teaching Department during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research was carried out on a sampling group made of 120 individuals. Survey of science and technology... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 23

Antidiabetic activity and acute toxicity evaluation of aqueous leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalina

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The present study was aimed to explore the therapeutic dose for antidiabetic activity and toxicological evaluation of Vernonia amygdalina (Va) aqueous extract in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Aqueous extract of leaves of Va was administered to alloxan induced diabetic rats in a dose of 150 and 300 mg/kg (orally) daily for 14 days. After this period, blood glucose level, haematological parameters and liver enzymes activities were evaluated. Also... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 50

Drug use pattern in Dessie Referral Hospital, North East Ethiopia

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

Rational drug use requires that patients receive medication appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their individual requirements, for adequate period of time and at lowest cost to them and their community. The study was designed to assess rational drug use using World Health Organization (WHO) core drug use indicators in Dessie Referral Hospital, North East Ethiopia. Cross sectional study design was employed to conduct the study... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 45

Production practices and constraints of pig farms in N’Djamena area, Chad

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Practices and constraints of pig farming in the area of N'Djamena were submitted to transversal and retrospective and longitudinal investigation. The study concerned a sample of 176 farmers, divided in 4 of the 5 districts where pigs are raised in N'Djamena and 12 surrounding villages. The survey rate was 12% in N’Djamena and 20% in the suburban area. The monitoring concerned 8 farms in the city and 7 at its periphery during one year.... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 12

Assessment of the severity and impact of drought spells on rainfed cereals in Morocco

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Drought is a major factor affecting cereal production in most the rainfed areas of West Asia and North Africa. Recent increases in drought frequency in Morocco have resulted in the yields of field crops being extremely variable and generally low. The objective of this study is to assess drought severity in the main cereal production areas of Morocco and to evaluate its effects on grain yield. Also the study seeks to evaluate if the standardized... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 49

Biological active compounds from actinomycetes isolated from soil of Langkawi Island, Malaysia

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Actinomycetes which were categorised as beneficial microorganisms have long been studied for their potential in producing secondary metabolites either for pharmaceutical or agricultural industries. In this study, 160 isolates of actinomycetes had been isolated using soil suspension method. All the 160 isolates were later tested for their potential to secrete secondary metabolites such as cellulases, mannanases, xylanases, lipases, proteases and... Read more

Vol. 13 Num. 49

Combining ability for yield and yield components in six parents and their 15 F1 hybrids of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in half diallel mating design

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Combining ability estimates were studied for seed yield, yield components and other morphological traits in six sesame parental lines and their 15 F1  hybrids crossed in half diallel for two consecutive seasons 2012/2013 - 2013/2014 at Gadaref University Farm, Gadaref, Sudan. Combining ability analysis revealed that both additive and non additive types of gene actions were important in the studied traits. For days to 50% flowering and days to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Prioritization and cost and returns analyses of selected non-timber forest products in Yobe State, Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This article describes cost and returns analysis of first five preferred Sahel savanna non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Yobe State, Nigeria. The results demonstrate that households in Yobe State could realize NGN2,898.48 and NGN142,615.49 from the NTFPs as the least and maximum gross margins (household incomes) respectively. Gross margin ratio of households across all the study sites ranged from 0.925 to 0.980, and that from individual study... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

Achieving rational pesticide use in outdoor tomato production through farmer training and implementation of a technical guideline

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

Smallholder farmers were trained by frontline extensionists and local experts on how to apply Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in outdoor tomatoes, Solanum lycopersicum, during farmer field schools in Northern Tanzania between 2005 and 2008. Farmers were also organised into newly-established vegetable producer clubs within which they developed a technical guideline defining the minimum requirements for integrated tomato production. Unaligned,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 12

The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The roots of the Indian women’s movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women’s organizations. Women started forming their own organization from the end of the nineteenth century first at the local and then at the national level. In 1946, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women’s participation in tebhaga movement... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Telling Stories in a World That Doesn’t Fit Them: Michael Ondaatje’s The English Patient

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

This paper explores the tension between the human need for the form of story and the lack of structure in reality, and how such tension is presented and dealt with in Michael Ondaatje’s The English Patient. Proceeding in a fragmented, discontinuous, and cyclical narrative pattern, this late-twentieth-century postmodern novel shows no intention to tell a coherent, structured, meaningful story but confronts its readers with the ways in which... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 9

National power and the search for a generalized theory of terrorist target selection: An introduction to the Uyo School

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The assumption that terrorist organizations (TO) select their target(s) putting into consideration its own limited resources and the impact of the selected target on the national power of the victim state has been the underlying assumption of the Uyo School. In the face of the increasing search to uncover the determinant of terrorist target selection which has become central in terrorism literature does the Uyo School provide a generalized theory on... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 8

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states, Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

  A cross-sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 in pastoral areas of Oromia and Somali regional states to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants and assess associated risk factors. The multistage sampling technique was used on total population in the selected district during the study period. A total of 420 serum samples were collected from 129 sheep and 291 goats in extensive management... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Social determinants of health and inequity among people with disabilities: A Brazilian experience

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

This paper presents a discussion concerning the results of research conducted between 2011 and 2012 in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, in which the general objectives were to understand the socio-familial inclusion of people with disabilities and their daily living needs. The methodological approach was qualitative and the data collection techniques were open life history interviews. The research subjects were ten people with acquired... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Profit efficiency of dairy farmers in Kenya: An application to smallholder farmers in Rift Valley and Central Province

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The dairy industry in Kenya is an important source of livelihood among the smallholder farmers who supply over 70% of the total milk. However, there is a growing concern on rising costs of milk production among farmers. The study assessed profit efficiency of smallholder dairying in the Rift Valley and Central Provinces of Kenya using stochastic frontier analysis for estimating farm level profit efficiency and identifying the specific determinants... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

An appraisal of climate change and agriculture in Nigeria

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Climate change is a phenomenon that has the potential of affecting all natural and human systems and may be a threat to human development. This is particularly the case in developing countries. This paper is a theoretical article that uses secondary sources of data including weather events that occurred recently to appraise climate change and agriculture in Nigeria. The results have shown that human activities are largely responsible for climate... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 9

Evaluation of a decontamination protocol prior to a full-mouth disinfection procedure: A randomised clinical study

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the application of a chlorhexidine-based decontamination protocol during two weeks prior to scaling root planing (SRP) would reduce bleeding on probing (BoP) at the time of SRP. Secondary outcomes were other clinical parameters. Another secondary aim was to assess whether the improvement of periodontal conditions, if any, would have a benefit up to 3 months later. In this mono-centre,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Relationship between occupational skills provided to Polytechnic Diploma Engineers by BTEB and requirement of industry in Bangladesh

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The objective of this study was to find the relationship between the occupational skills provided to polytechnic diploma engineers by BTEB (Bangladesh Technical Education Board) and requirement of industries in Bangladesh. Questionnaires were sent to Managers and diploma graduates of industries around Dhaka and Gazipur, teachers of Dhaka polytechnic institute, officers of BTEB and DTE (Directorate of Technical Education) to find out the extent to... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Access and comprehension of information by profound deaf youngsters in Brazil

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The deaf community is less well informed compared to hearing groups and this communication difficulty hampers not only the acquisition of accurate general information but also puts the deaf community at a health risk. When profound deaf students were asked about their sources of information, a younger group mentioned friends and family, and an older group answered newspapers, television, and internet as their first sources of information. However,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 11

Effect of plant bed type on nematode density and yield of cabbage in two regions of Ghana

Journal of Entomology and Nematology

J. Entomol. Nematol.

Cole crop production in general and cabbage in particular is constrained by pest infestation, reducing the farmer’s profit margin considerably. In this study, the effects of three plant bed types: flat, ridges and raised beds were investigated in 2012 and 2013 at Asiwa and Dormaa Ahenkro in Ghana, respectively to study their effects on plant parasitic nematodes and the yield of cabbage. Treatment effects on nematode density/200 cm3 soil,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 10

Impact of performance contracts on the utilization of teaching and learning resources in technical institutes in Kenya

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

Performance contracting has been acclaimed as an effective and promising means of improving the performance of public enterprises as well as government departments. The government of Kenya introduced performance contract signing in 2004. The aim of performance contracts was to improve resource utilization in public institutions among other objectives. This study sought to establish the perceptions of Kenyan tutors in selected Technical Institutes in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 9

Development of genodynamic metrics for exploring the biophysics of DNA polymorphisms

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) represent an important type of dynamic sites within the human genome. These common variants often locally correlate within more complex multi-SNP haploblocks that are maintained throughout generations in a stable population. Information encoded in the structure of SNPs and SNP haploblock variation can be characterized through a normalized information content metric. Genodynamics is being developed as the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Attenuation of allergic airways inflammation by an extract of Hymenocardia acida

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology

J. Physiol. Pathophysiol.

Tracheal hyperresponsiveness, airway mucus production and bronchoalveolar inflammation are the major components of asthma. Here, we aim to investigate the role in the control of asthma of a bioactive plant extracted from Hymenocardia acida in a physiological and pathophysiological model. The effect of H. acida crude extract (HACE) on total cellular components of bronchoalveolar (BAL) fluids was performed on ovalbumin (OVA) and lipopolysaccaride... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Biosecurity practices in Central Ethiopian cattle feedlots: Its implication for live cattle export

International Journal of Livestock Production

Int. J. Livest. Prod.

Biosecurity is the implementation of measures that reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of disease agents. Biosecurity is a cornerstone of herd health maintenance in export-oriented feedlots. The aim of this study was to document current biosecurity practice in export-oriented cattle feedlots in Central Ethiopia and to discuss its implication for live cattle export. In this study 31 export-oriented cattle feedlots found in central Ethiopia... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 11

Impact of computer technology on health: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

Medical Practice and Reviews

Med. Pract. Rev.

In today’s society, the use of computer as a tool at workplaces, academic institutions, recreation facilities and homes has become very common. It is estimated that globally, about 45 to 70 million people spend hours staring into a video display terminal, popularly known as computer screen. Several studies, mainly in developed countries, have shown an association between computer use and visual health related symptoms (Computer Vision... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Runge kutta to precise the detection of lesion for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image

Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research

J. Electrical Electron. Eng. Res.

In this paper, we translate non linear model to linear one and used numerical analysis: “Runge kutta4 (RK4)” is mathematical solutions to study the approximation’s solutions of ordinary differential equations, then pass to the statistical study for multiple regression to applied anova technique and with it, we extract the place of the lesion on medical image MRI by two ways: Distribution of gaussien curve (hypothesis test of ho)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

The relationships between motivation type and sport participation among students in a South African context

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

Reasons for participation in sport differ and intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and even amotivation can influence the decision. In the South African context, little research has been done on the differences of motivation among male and female students to participate in sport. This study sought to understand the relationship between certain motivation drivers and sport participation. It also explored the gender variable and whether there... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 6

Who are ‘non-traditional students’? A systematic review of published definitions in research on mental health of tertiary students

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The term ‘non-traditional students’ is commonly used in higher education research and yet its definition has been unclear. This study systematically reviewed 45 definitions of ‘non-traditional student’ in mental health research conducted within the higher education context using a standardised data extraction and appraisal tool. Findings suggested a wide range of variations on how this term was defined. Thirteen different... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 22

Vaginal colonization and resistance profile of group B Streptococcus among pregnant women in Yaoundé Gynecology, Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Cameroon

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research

J. Clin. Med. Res.

In order to obtain reliable data on vaginal carriage of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women and to formulate a prevention program of neonatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease, we carried out a prospective cross sectional study for 6 months. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of vaginal carriage and the resistance profile of GBS. The study involved 142 pregnant women presenting for antenatal care in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Cost effectiveness analyses of influenza A (H1N1) vaccination programs: How accurate were they?

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Three economic evaluations of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaigns in North America concluded that the mass vaccination campaigns would be, or were, highly cost-effective, if not cost-saving. This paper re-assesses each study's analysis and presents three arguments: 1) prediction of vaccine program cost-effectiveness is unrealistic, if not impossible, unless quality surveillance data is available; 2) even when surveillance data is... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Comparision between the effects of dietary suplements of sun dried or sulfur fumigated apricots on the telomerase activity and oxidatıve stress parameters in azoxymethane administered rats

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Int. J. Nutr. Metab.

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with  two kinds of  dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced  glutathione,  malondialdehyde,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

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