Assessment of the evolution of malaria and intestinal helminthes infections from 1983 to 2014 in the Hevecam agroindustrial complex, south region of Cameroon

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

Man-made development projects have usually been pointed to significantly influence the epidemiological features of communicable parasitic diseases in sub-Saharan countries as a result of anthropogenic environmental changes. This study aimed to assess the current health status of dwellers of the Hevecam agroindustrial complex established after rainforest deforestation in Southern Cameroon, and to monitor its evolution compared to data collected 31... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Seroprevalence of brucellosis among livestock workers at Maiduguri cattle market, Borno State, North Eastern, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

A serological survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in livestock workers at Maiduguri cattle market, Borno State, Nigeria. A total of 100 serum samples comprising 40 from animal handlers, 25 from livestock keepers, 20 from butchers and 15 from middlemen were tested using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) antigen for both Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis. Seroprevalence rate of 11% was detected for B. abortus and 0%... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Technology production: A challenge for economic growth and development in Africa

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

Africa has recently become the world second fastest growing region, but still, poverty has not improved accordingly. The paper makes the case that in order to further boost economic growth and promote development, African economies need to go beyond imitation and technology transfer and start producing technology. Some of the arguments are: innovation generates stronger growth gains than imitation and copying; stronger international patent... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Ethnobotanical survey of healing medicinal plants traditionally used in the main Moroccan cities

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

The present study is a survey conducted to indicate the healing medicinal plants, traditionally used by the Moroccan population, and especially to select the healing plants mainly used in the form of essential oils. This survey allowed an inventory of 59 species of healing plants belonging to 37 families. The results showed that the whole plant is the most commonly used part (31%), followed by the leaves (29%). Most plants are Moroccan and are used... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

From disillusionment to protest: Poems by Haile Selassie I University students

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

This paper analyzes Amharic poems written in the 1950s and 1960s during annual College Day competitions held by students of the then Haile Selassie I University in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The contemporary global and local socio-political situations are given as background to help understand the context in which the poems were written. The poems have been grouped into two categories, as poems of disillusionment and poems of protest. While... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Healing the ailing old colony (Nigeria)

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This paper addressed the rationale for the establishment of a state and the institutions of governance and state administration of Nigeria, the old British colony which was annexed in 1861 by the then British Government. It further analysed the social challenges that the old colony has been battling with since independence in 1960 which constitute variety of social ailments for the country and its citizens. Yet, the country still suffers from the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 8

Technical, allocative, and economic efficiency among smallholder maize farmers in Southwestern Ethiopia: Parametric approach

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Maize is one of the major five staple cereal crops in Ethiopia. High productivity and efficacy in its production is critical to improve food security, reduce the level of poverty and achieve or maintain agricultural growth. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 385 household heads and interviewed using a structured questionnaire during 2013/2014 production year. The study estimates, technical, allocative and economic efficiency using a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

The role of the ‘hands-on’ teaching approach in vernacular architecture education: A case study of University of Jos, Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

This paper focuses on a study of pedagogical techniques employed for the teaching of vernacular architecture modules, at the University of Jos, Nigeria. It looks at the way the hands-on approach and other methods were employed in teaching the modules from the early formative stages to the final year of the bachelor’s programme before changes were made to the teaching methods. As methodology, the study employed the use of basic statistical... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Contribution of tourist hotels in socio-economic development of local communities in Monduli District, Northern Tanzania

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

A study to assess the contribution of tourist hotels in socio-economic development was carried out in Mto wa Mbu Ward in Monduli District. Survey data were collected using household questionnaire survey, focus group discussion, semi-structured interviews, and by physical visits.  The study revealed that tourist hotels and/or lodges realized TZS 665, 496,000 (US $ 443,664) per annum and offered employment to 143 people, out of which 19% were... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Measures for rehabilitating drug abusers and alcoholics: A study conducted in Haldwani, Uttarakhand

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

In the fast changing scenario of the world, youths especially students of the youthful age   are considered   to be future assets of the family and the nation at large. These youngsters can contribute a lot for the welfare and the advancement of the family or nation in a truly global sense only if their energies and potentialities are channelized in the most appropriate and desired  manner. On the contrary, if they indulge... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 8

Assessment of users information needs and satisfaction in selected seminary libraries IN Oyo State, Nigeria

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The study assessed users’ information needs and satisfaction in selected seminary libraries in Oyo State, Nigeria. This paper employed the descriptive survey research design, whereby the expost-facto was employed with a sample size of three hundred (300) participants, selected from six seminaries located in Ibadan, Oyo and Ogbomoso, all in Oyo state of Nigeria. The  study used purposive sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 15

Soil properties and carbon sequestration under desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) in the lowlands of Northern Ethiopia

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

This study assessed the effect of Balanites aegyptiaca on soil properties and carbon sequestration. A 100 × 100 m plot of entirely the same biophysical setting was delineated. Nine trees of relatively the same diameter at breast height (DBH) were selected to study the effect of the tree on soil properties. In total, 81 soil samples were collected from three radii distances from each tree, that is 0 - 2, 2 - 4, and 4 – 8 m at three soil... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 8

Parasitic occurrence in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii from coastal West Bengal, India

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

In recent years, culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii is expanding in India and West Bengal state in particular, due to its relatively fast growth rate, high market price and export demand. However, the detail study on parasitic diseases has received less attention on cultivable M. rosenbergii compared to the penaied prawns. The present parasitic survey on M. rosenbergii from coastal West Bengal state in India encountered 14 species of parasites.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Sino-Africa economic and Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa on bilateral trade relations

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of Sino-Africa economic and Chinese FDI on Africa trade relations. China’s phenomenal economic growth rate has made the country rise to world leadership status, causing many analysts to ponder over its regional and international intentions and goals. Its investment is paying off now mainly in oil and other raw materials imports and manufactured goods. We used a panel data to analyze... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Serological evidence of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antibodies in pigs from northeastern Nigeria

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Nigeria with studies conducted in cattle, sheep and goats. A cross-sectional study for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antibodies in field sera collected for African swine fever (ASF) surveillance was conducted in order to determine the status of FMDV in swine within the study area. Four hundred and fifty field sera collected as part of National ASF Surveillance Programme from two states of Taraba and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Knowledge and attitudes of adult HIV positive patients to HIV/AIDS in Yola, Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Though cases of AIDS are visible in Nigeria and high awareness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), correct knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention has remained low with significant numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS having low attitudes towards life and the disease itself. This study determined the baseline knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention and attitudes towards... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Insurgency and humanitarian crises in Northern Nigeria: The case of Boko Haram

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Insurgency has become a threat to global peace and security in the 21st century due to the fact that it constitutes the highest contributor to humanitarian crises in the form of rise in human casualties, internally displaced persons, refugee debacles, food insecurity and the spread of various diseases. The paper sets out to analyse the impact of Boko Haram insurgency on humanitarian crises in Northern Nigeria with Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states in... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 7

A case study in Code-Mixing among Jahangirnagar University Students

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

English is, no doubt, a widely spoken language all over the world, which substantially influences its development. Bangladesh is no exception, and here English is taught at all levels of education and recently, it has been seen that in most of the universities of Bangladesh, students most of the time, when they speak with other students, use English in their speaking extensively, and many times, they mix English with Bangla. This tendency of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 7

Climate change, irrigation and agricultural activities in Mexico: A Ricardian analysis with panel data

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This article analyzes the potential impacts of climate change on agriculture in Mexico using a Ricardian model with panel data. The analysis uses economic data from 2,431 municipalities for the period 2003 to 2009. The study distinguishes between irrigated, rainfed and mixed farms and includes extreme weather events as an additional variable. The results indicate that irrigated farms are more vulnerable to temperature variations, while rainfed farms... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Skewed rural development policies and economic malaise in Zimbabwe

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

Rural development hinges on the dictates of the growth poles theory. François Perroux introduced the idea of economic Growth Poles in 1949 whose central notion is based on the concept of abstract economic space. The theory argues that decentralization of activities from the centre to the periphery enables the general populace to access services and opportunities better and helps to curtail migration to the centre. In line with the dictates of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Knowledge and attitude of Saudi mothers towards health of primary teeth

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to assess Saudi mothers’ knowledge and attitude towards primary teeth health and dental caries and the impact of level of education on their knowledge and attitude. Four hundred, self-reported questionnaires were distributed to mothers of children aged 1 to 6 years. They contained questions expressing knowledge and attitudes towards the health of primary teeth and the effect of educational level on knowledge and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Prevalent latent adenocarcinoma of the prostate in forensic autopsies

Journal of Clinical Pathology and Forensic Medicine

J. Clin. Pathol. Forensic Med.

In the aging society, elder people commonly suffer cancer, which is associated with increased rates of fractures due to osteoporosis from cancer. In the present study, the prevalence of prostatic cancer, so-called “latent adenocarcinoma”, is investigated among forensic autopsy cases. Retrospective histo-pathology was performed on 114 subjects (61.8 ± 13.3 years old). Forth-four specimens (38.6%) harbored carcinomas with Gleason... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Effective teaching from An-Najah National University M.A. Students’ perspectives

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

This study aimed at exploring effective teaching from An-Najah National University M.A. students’ perspectives.  It also aimed at determining the role of the study variables (gender, accumulative average in BA and the school stage where they teach) in effective teaching from the same perspectives. To achieve these aims, the researchers used structured questionnaire of 21 items which were distributed among 30 TEFL majors (14 males and 16... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

A new way of evaluating basic university level competences: Instrument design and validation

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research

Int. J. Sci. Technol. Educ. Res.

The results of the research presented in this article describe the construction of an instrument to measure and evaluate basic university level competences. It is an instrumental type of study as both psychometric theory and techniques are applied. The theoretical framework for competences is based on the content of the Delors report (1996) and the ideas commonly shared by Perrenoud (1998), Roegiers (2001), De Kelet (1996), Beckers (2002) and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 1

Potentials and challenges of Entoto Saint Mary Church to heritage tourism development

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

This paper is intended to assess heritage tourism potential of Entoto Saint Marry church. To achieve the objective the researcher employed qualitative research method. Both primary and secondary data are used to assess the potentials. To collect the primary data interview was undertaken with selected church servants, community elders and other concerned individuals. In addition, deep and continuous personal observation was conducted to fill the gaps... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Repositioning technical and vocational education toward eradicating unemployment in Nigeria

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

The problem of unemployment in Nigeria, especially among the youths has been variously expressed to be alarming if not endemic. As a result of this, various recommendations had been proffered toward ameliorating the menace unfortunately to no avail. Hence, the essence of this research work is to examine the repositioning of Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) as a panacea to unemployment in Nigeria. Data were sourced through primary and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Cement production optimization modeling: A case study BUA plant

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research

J. Eng. Technol. Res.

This paper deals with cement production optimization modeling using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and the results was compared with Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Pattern Search (PS). This optimization modeling took into account mixtures of primary fuel (mineral coal, pet-coke and heavy oil) and its alternative fuel which is agricultural waste (rice husk, sugar waste and ground shell). The optimization simulation models predict the cost benefit to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Corticotrophin deficiency in end-stage renal failure led to recurrent hypoglycemia: A case report

Medical Case Studies

Med. Case Stud.

Reactive hypoglycemia caused by an insulinoma, pre-diabetic metabolic state, fluctuations in diabetic metabolic situation and antidiabetic medication is commonly known. We report on the case of an unusual multi-factorial occurrence of a woman with recurrent hypoglycemia, which cannot be explained adequately by a single commonly known cause. We refer to a cachectic non-diabetic 52-year-old German woman, admitted to our clinic for clarification of an... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Self-Regulated learning processes utilized by Omani Physical Education candidates in mastering sport skills

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of this study is to investigate self-regulated learning strategies and self-motivational factors used by Omani physical education candidates to master sport skills. In addition, the study highlights the relationship between self-regulated learning strategies and self-motivational factors and gender differences of self-regulated learning processes. The research was conducted using questionnaire as a method of collecting data based on... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Analysis of the national early infant diagnosis dataset, Zimbabwe: 2007 to 2010

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research


Zimbabwe introduced the early infant diagnosis (EID) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exposed infants in 2007. Data captured through this initiative has never been analysed in detail. A detailed EID data analysis was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in reducing HIV transmission. A retrospective record review of the national EID dataset for the period of January, 2007 to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Analysis of the impact of the economic credits on the inflation and economic growth in Togo

African Journal of Marketing Management

Afr. J. Mark. Manage.

The effect of financial development on economic growth coupled with exchange rate fluctuation on economic growth can be significant in a country. We investigated the impact of the economic credits on the inflation and economic growth in Togo. We endeavored to bring out the nature of the relationship between changes in credit to the economy and inflation level and analyzed the effect of credit to economic growth. To achieve this objective we used two... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the ethanol extract of Elytraria marginata Vahl (whole plant) in Wistar rats

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

The analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the ethanol extract of Elytraria marginata were studied using hot plate, thermal-induced pain and carrageenan-induced acute inflammation models in adult Wister rats. The preliminary phytochemical constituents of the extract were also ascertained. Inflammation was induced by injecting 0.1 ml of 1% carrageenan into the sub-planter surface of the right hind paw of the rats. Ethanol extract of E. marginata... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Obstacles facing international commercial arbitration

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution

J. Law Conflict. Resolut

Arbitration is a private exercise based on the agreement of the parties and is administered by appointed ad hoc arbitral tribunal or established arbitral centre or institution. International commercial arbitration which is one of the procedures for resolution of international commercial disputes is patronized by many commercial men and women including corporate bodies and states. The essence of this paper is to inquire into the obstacles confronting... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

The use of social media technology in universities: A case of Solusi University, Zimbabwe

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The twenty first century has witnessed a swift development in the production and usage of the Social Media Technology. Universities and other tertiary institutions have eagerly welcomed this development. However, a number of educationalists and material developers have foreseen the dangers of undue reliance and misuse of technology by these university students. This research wants to find out how productive do Solusi University students use the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Urban housing improvement and conflict prevention framework for Cameroonian cities: Lessons from Kumba

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

The rapidly growing population of Kumba, like other Cameroonian cities, suffers from the problem of poor and inadequate housing conditions which manifest through anarchical construction – a potential source of future conflicts. This study employs the interviews of 60 directly affected inhabitants and three focus group discussion which was complemented by secondary sources. The information obtained was subjected to content analysis in order to... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 7

Tax audit effectiveness in Greek firms: Tax auditors’ perceptions

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Changes in tax auditing procedures, tax administration and generally in tax policy have attracted the attention of researchers in recent years. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between tax audit effectiveness, tax legislation and the use of specialized information system tools. We use the ability of public tax auditors to track tax infringements as a measure of tax audit effectiveness. Over two hundred structured questionnaires... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Microalgae richness and assemblage of man-made solar saltpans of Thoothukudi, TamilNadu

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science

J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.

Solar saltpans are ponds of brine sun evaporated to crystallize salt (Halite). Once provide ambient ecology for several halophilic microalgae. Enumeration of microorganisms in Thoothukudi solar saltpans revealed the presence of 30 genera of microalgae belonging to the divisions of Cyanophyta, Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta. Chlorophyta species is the dominant group of solar salterns of Thoothukudi.   Key words: Solar saltpans,... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

The export-diversifying effect of foreign direct investment in the CEMAC Region

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This study aimed at investigating the export-diversifying effect of Foreign Direct Investment on the economies of the CEMAC sub region – notably, Cameroon, Central Africa Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. This was achieved empirically by using a Generalized Linear Model estimation technique implemented using the logit link function and the Gaussian distribution family to take care of the fractional nature of the concentration... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Stress and coping with cervical cancer by patients: A qualitative inquiry

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and the most common cancer in women in resource limited settings. Regardless of the stage at which a diagnosis of cancer is made, individuals who receive such a diagnosis are stressed both psychologically and emotionally, thus they need to employee certain mechanism in order to cope. Using Lazarus and Folkman’s Transaction Model of Stress and Coping, a qualitative descriptive... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Assessing the genetic diversity of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] accessions from Sudan using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers

African Journal of Plant Science

Afr. J. Plant Sci.

Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among 252 cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp) accessions collected throughout the six geographical regions of Sudan were evaluated using simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular markers. Eighteen (18) published primer pairs were selected based on their informativeness, out of which 16 primer pairs gave reproducible results among all of the cowpea accessions tested. A total of 129 alleles were detected... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 7

Evaluation of anatomy students’ knowledge of information communication technology in Nigerian universities

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has accelerated many aspects of medical education acquisition, driving it towards more evidence-based platforms. We undertook to evaluate anatomy students’ knowledge of computers and information communication technology application in the various departments of anatomy in medical schools. This survey was implemented using questionnaire research instrument and involved 300 students who attended the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Students’ satisfaction with service delivery in federal universities in South-south geo-political Zone, Nigeria

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies

Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.

The study was designed to investigate the level of students’ satisfaction with service delivery in federal universities in South-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria in terms of educational, library, security, medical, transport, hostel, and ICT services. Survey design was used to carry out the study, the hypothesis was formulated and literature reviewed. Using the stratified random sampling technique 1,700 students out of a population of 70,808... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Physiological parameters of seed vigour in ex situ stored sorghum germplasm

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

Viability and vigour are seed quality parameters that affect the seed chain. Seed vigour is a measure of accumulated damage in seed as viability declines from physiological maturity. This study aimed at determining the seed vigour of various sorghum genotypes stored ex situ for 10 years using the Heat Shock Stress Test (HSST), Cold Test (CT), Standard Germination Test (SGT) and field germination. The samples from the regeneration trial were kept in... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

Vegetation composition and dynamics along degradation gradient of Kiang'ombe hill forest in the drylands of Kenya

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Kiang'ombe hilltop forest is overexploited for fuel wood, charcoal, timber and non-wood forest products, thus threatening its biodiversity conservation role. The extent of forest degradation is not yet quantified and this impedes rehabilitation interventions. This study was conducted to evaluate the status of Kiang'ombe forest resources to initiate rehabilitation interventions and to support sustainable forest management. Remote sensing and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Voltammetric determination of metronidazole in pharmaceutical formulations using carbon paste electrode

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Cyclic voltammetric investigation of metronidazole at carbon paste electrode revealed an irreversible reduction peak centered at about -0.4 V. Observed peak potential shift with pH in the range 2.0 to 8.5 indicated the involvement of protons during the reduction of metronidazole whereas the peak potential shift with scan rate in the range 10 to 250 mV/s confirmed the irreversibility of the reduction reaction. A better correlation coefficient for the... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 7

Environmental and health hazards associated with exploration of barite from Bukkuyum (Zamfara State), Nigeria

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences

ISABB J. Health Environ. sci.

Barite is barium sulfate with the chemical formula of BaSO4. Unlike barite witherite (BaCO3) it is not chemically inert, it can dissolve in water and, when dissolved, can cause an environmental hazard. Barite forms in many geologic environments with both metallic and nonmetallic minerals. Minerals associated with the ore are a main concern when mining and processing barite. In many barite deposits, silica is present,if the level of SiO2 is high... Read more

Vol. 2 Num. 3

Physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of Italian salami made of lamb and enriched with pequi (Caryocar brasiliense, Cambess)

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the inclusion of different levels of pequi (Caryocar Brasiliense, Cambess) pulp in the processing of Italian salami made of lamb for the evaluation of their physicochemical and microbiological characteristics. Six formulations of Italian salamis were processed: no pequi pulp (control - treatment 1); 4% pequi pulp (treatment 2); 8% pequi pulp (treatment 3), 12% pequi pulp (Treatment 4), 16% pequi... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 26

Evaluation of the performance of laying hens placed on drinking water fortified with waterleaf (Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd) aqueous extract

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of waterleaf (Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd) aqueous extract on the performance of laying hens. This study was arranged in a completely randomized design with five treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) with 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 ml of waterleaf aqueous extract (WAE), respectively in their drinking water. Forty (40) Nera black hens at 24 weeks of age were randomly allocated into five treatments of... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 5

Peasant households’ livelihoods negotiation in the semi-arid zone of Nigeria

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Peasant households in the semi-arid region of northern Nigeria have to contend with the problems of low rainfall and desertification in their agricultural practices. They have also to contend with the problem of bioproductivity loss and inadequate capital. This research investigates the livelihoods negotiations of peasant households in the semi-arid region. The findings of the research show that peasant households have evolved livelihoods strategies... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Sperm characteristics and haemogram of male albino rats (wistar strain) treated with saponin extract from vernonia amygdalina del. asteraeceae 110192

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology

J. Cell Anim. Biol.

The reproductive effects of saponin extract from Vernonia amygdalina Del. Asteraeceae 110192 leaves on 14 adult male Wistar rats was studied. The rats were divided into four groups (A, B, C and D) treated with graded doses (100, 200, 400 and 0 mg/kg respectively) of saponin extract of V. amygdalina over a period of 14 days. After 14 days oral administration of the saponin extract, the rats were sacrificed and their testicles removed through scrotal... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 3

The reoccurrence of H5N1 outbreaks necessitates the development of safe and effective influenza vaccine technologies for the prevention and control of avian influenza in Sub-Saharan Africa

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Rev.

Africa is experiencing reoccurrence of avian influenza outbreaks with huge negative impact on the economy of the continent as a result of high mortality rate and extreme contagiousness of the disease. The epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Africa during the 2006-2008 outbreaks was complex and linked to movements of poultry commodities and wild birds. The peculiar risk factors, negative economic impact and the potential of... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 3

Bael, Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa, an Indian medicinal plant protects V79 cells against the genotoxic effect of doxorubicin

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Alleviation of doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity by leaf extract of bael also known as Aegle marmelos (AME) was studied in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells. The optimum protective dose of AME was determined by treating V79 cells with different concentrations of AME before exposure to 10 µg/ml DOX and then by evaluating the cell survival and micronuclei frequency in the cytokinesis blocked V79 cells. MTT assay results... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Effect of drying temperature on the nutritional quality of Moringa oleifera leaves

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

Moringa oleifera leaves are generally consumed in the dry powdered form. Therefore, this research was carried out to investigate the effect of temperature on the nutritional quality of M. oleifera leaves powder. The leaves were dried under the shade at 30°C for two weeks and in the oven at temperature range from 40 to 70°C for 2 h.  The results show that temperature affects nutrient composition of the leaf powder. As the drying... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 7

Structural damping identification using a recursive Kalman filter

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Much research has been done in developing techniques for identifying the structural damping of physical systems. Such techniques are always accompanied by the development of an analytical model of the ideal system and its comparison with experimental data obtained in laboratory. Also, flexible systems are difficult to be modeled, but the authors can use an approximation, supposing that a flexible system, composed by a cantilever beam, can be similar... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 14

Salinity effects on growth of four Artemia franciscana (Kellogg, 1906) populations, cultured in laboratory conditions from Yucatan Peninsula

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

The aim of is study was to determine the growth performance of Mexican A. franciscana Yucatan Peninsula strains in different salinity tests. Four populations from different habitats were studied: Real de las Salinas (RSAL), Cancun (CAN), San Crisanto (CRIS) and Celestun (CEL). Nauplii from each population were inoculated in 200 L plastic tanks with 160 L of dissolved rock salt water at 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 g L-1. The organisms were fed with... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Threat of agricultural production on woody plant diversity in Tankwidi riparian buffer in the Sudanian Savanna of Ghana

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation

Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.

Riparian forest buffers (RF) are integrative part of the savanna agricultural landscape. However, they are under threat of deforestation from agricultural intensification. To ascertain the impact of the deforestation, this study used remote sensing techniques and field inventorying to assess riparian woody plant diversity on farmland (FA) and forest reserve (FR) along Tankwidi rivercourse in the Sudanian savanna of Ghana. Post-classification... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 7

Physiological mechanisms of drought tolerance in sorghum, genetic basis and breeding methods: A review

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

Sorghum is grown in semi-arid to arid regions of the world and serves as the staple food for about half a billion people in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. The adaptation of grain sorghum to a wide range of environmental conditions has led to the evolution and existence of extensive genetic variation for drought tolerance. Consequently, sorghum is expected to play an increasingly important role in agriculture and meeting world food demand in the face... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 31

Atom-field interaction, hydrogen atom and nature of detuning

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

The nature of detuning in transition probabilities in atom field interaction has been investigated in the light of hydrogen atom problem. It has been shown that the detuning bears a striking similarity with the principal quantum number n in hydrogen atom.   Key words: Induced resonant transition, detuning, hydrogen atom. Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 14

Effects of rice straw burning products on guinea pig lungs

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.

This study aims to investigate rice open field burning and their deleterious effects which has become an obvious problem in Egypt, which apparently affects the Egyptians´ lungs and increased hospital admission for pulmonary complaints. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate this phenomenon by using guinea pigs which were subjected to rice straws burning products (RSBP). The effects of RSBP on differential leukocytic count in lung... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 26

Effect of some phytohormones on growth characteristics of Chlorella sorokiniana IAM-C212 under photoautotrophic conditions

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

The effects of some phytohormones [indole acetic acid (IAA), indole butyric acid (IBA), gibelleric acid (GA3), and kinetin] on cell dry weight, cell number, cell size, protein and chlorophyll contents of Chlorella sorokiniana IAM-C212 were investigated under photoautotrophic conditions. Treatment with IAA (15 mg/l) and IBA (15 mg/l) resulted in significantly higher dry cell weight and cell number than the control (P < 0.05) but there were no... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 30

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