Prevalence and impact of bovine trypanosomiasis in Mayo Rey division, a Soudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

For several years, pastoralists in Mayo Rey division have reported the presence of trypanosomiasis within their herds, and have used trypanocides in the complete absence of laboratory diagnosis. This present study aimed to establish the prevalence of trypanosomiasis and its impact on local cattle. A parasitological survey was carried out in 24 herds for a total of 270 cattle selected and followed-up for a period of one year. Blood samples were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Effect of radiation on pregnancy

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of radiation on pregnancy. 20 experimental animals (rabbits) were exposed to X-ray (10 random exposure to represent patients’ dose and 10 continuous to represent radiation workers dose). Each sample was exposed to X-ray and this dose measured with thermo luminous dosimeter (MGP instruments DMC 2000X) in the first, second and third trimester then the dose accumulative was observed and... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Relationship between plasma levels of albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese of healthy subjects and patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Plasma albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese levels of thirty patients each with HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and one hundred and six apparently healthy adults in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States, South-South Nigeria was studied. The mean plasma albumin was higher in the control than in the disease patients. The mean plasma selenium was lowest in the control (0.004 ± 0.01 mg/L) than in the HIV/AIDS (0.007... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Prevelance of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

A cross sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar. A total of 384 fecal samples were examined by sedimentation and 124 (32.3%) were found positive for bovine fasciolosis. Risk factors such as site, sex, age, body condition score and breed were taken into consideration. Prevalence differed significantly between study sites... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Haemato-biochemical parameters as prognostic indicators in elephant colic

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Haemato-biochemical parameters were found to be useful prognostic indicators in assessing the severity of colic. Significant increase in packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytosis, neutrophilia and lymphocytosis was observed in case of severe colicky elephants. Significant increase in the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels was observed in moderate and severe colic cases. In severely colicky elephants, the elevation of glucose was found to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Using a task analysis to strengthen nursing and midwifery pre-service education in Malawi

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The Nurses and Midwives Council of Malawi (NMCM) has engaged in significant efforts to reform nursing and midwifery pre-service education in Malawi. To that end NMCM decided to revise and strengthen existing syllabi and curricula for nurse midwifery cadres, starting with the nurse midwife technician (NMT). In an attempt to make evidence-based decisions for syllabus revision, NMCM conducted a task analysis to assess how prepared NMTs were to perform... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in gingival crevicular fluid from smokers and non-smokers with gingivitis and chronic periodontal disease

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of smokers (light and heavy) and non-smokers with gingivitis (G) and chronic periodontal disease (CPD). Forty-five patients were selected: 15 heavy smokers whose daily tobacco consumption was more than 10 cigarettes/day (HS), 15 light smokers whose daily tobacco consumption was fewer than 10 cigarettes/day (LS), and 15 non-smokers who... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Health-care access and utilization among rural households in Nigeria

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

This study examined healthcare access and utilization among rural households in Ogun state, Southwestern Nigeria. Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaires. Multistage sampling technique was employed for the selection of 200 rural households. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and health care accessibility index. The results show that the mean age of the respondents was 46 years with an average... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Street vending as the safety-net for the disadvantaged people: The case of Jimma Town

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Jimma town is one of the largest towns in South Western part of the country; it hosts significant amount of people who make their life through informal sectors in general and street vending in particular. This study was aimed at exploring the street vending activities in urban informal sector in Jimma town with particular reference to three streets with too much concentration of street vendors. The general objective of the study was to explore the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The technical reviews of Ligeti Piano Etude No.4 Fanfares

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Ligeti’s etude Fanfares extends the technical skills demanded of the modern pianist and many incorporate completely new techniques. This etude, which was composed around 1985 consists of some of the most technically demanding issues composed for the piano in the last decades of the 20th century. Through the study of this work the pianist is pushed in new directions as Ligeti extends the limits of the pianistic borders. Key words: Ligeti,... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Thrombocytopenia and bleeding manifestations among patients with dengue virus infection in Port Sudan, Red Sea State of Sudan

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled. Laboratory-positive dengue cases were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of cultural knowledge on Iranian EFL students’ reading comprehension across male and female learners

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

Reading comprehension is the most important skill in the absence of oral communication opportunities in foreign language teaching situation. So, the effect of different factors on reading comprehension has been studied. One of these factors is "cultural familiarity" of a text. Is readers' comprehension influenced by "cultural familiarity" of a text? What is the difference between different gender groups in comprehension of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

This study investigated the causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools. Attrition refers to exit of teachers without replacement. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions guided the study and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample of the study was 785. The entire population of principals and technical teachers... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Sheikh Mujibur Rehman: Founder of Bangladesh

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

Charismatic leaders are the gifts and mercy from God. They are torch bearers of knowledge and revolution. Every nation in one way or the other has been and is endowed with leaders and same is the case of Bangladesh nation which was fortunate enough to have a leader like Sheikh Mujibur Rehman who guided them in the times of freedom struggle, and thrusted them into the region which dawned tranquility of mind and unshackled boundaries. It is in fact an... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Influence of different dates of sowing and spacings on growth and yield of scented rice cv. pusa sugandh-3 under temperate conditions of Kashmir

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

A field experiment was conducted during kharif seasons of 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of different dates of sowing and spacing on growth and yield of scented rice (Pusa sugandh -3) under temperate condition of Kashmir. The soil of the experimental field was silty clay loam in texture with neutral pH, low in available nitrogen and medium in available phosphorus and potassium. The experiment comprised of 9 treatments, viz D1S1 (15th... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in haemodialysis patients in Khartoum State, Sudan from 2012 to 2014

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

This study was carried out to detect occult hepatitis B virus (OHB) among haemodylsis patient in Khartoum State, Sudan. Antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), competitive ELISA to detect Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were used to analyze 100 plasma samples collected from patients in 3 hospitals... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Examining decision-making levels of athletes in team environment of socio-demographic variables

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of the present research is to examine decision-making levels of athletes of various branches in team environments in terms of socio-demographic variables. Research group consisted of 128 females, 178 males; a total of 306 athletes who play various sports. In order to collect data, 4-question “Personal Information Form” and “Melbourne Decision Making Scale” developed by Mann et al. (1998) were used. Collected data... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Induction and regeneration of somatic embryos from Vitex doniana (Lamiaceae) leaf explants

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating some of the factors that influence induction and regeneration of somatic embryos in Vitex doniana since there are no available reports on tissue culture of this tree species. Leaves from plants growing under temporary shed were cultured on Murashige and Skoog supplemented with silver nitrate and four amino acids (proline, tryptophan, lysine and leucine) at varying concentrations, 0.11 mg/l... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Phytochemical composition, antioxidant and anti-nutritional properties of root-bark and leaf methanol extracts of Senna alata L. grown in Nigeria

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Senna alata L. has been ethnobotanically used extensively in traditional medicines for the treatment of a variety of diseases such as skin problems, arthritis, HBP (high blood pressure), and laxative or purgative. The phytochemical, anti-nutritive and antioxidant activities of the leaf and root bark of Senna alata L. grown in Bida Niger State, Nigeria were determined using standard analytical methods. Phytochemical screening of the flower and seed... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Optimizing the monthly crude oil price forecasting accuracy via bagging ensemble models

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

The study investigates the accuracy of bagging ensemble models (i.e., bagged artificial neural networks (BANN) and bagged regression trees (BRT)) in monthly crude oil price forecasting. Two ensemble models are obtained by coupling bagging and two simple machine learning models (i.e., artificial neural networks (ANN) and classification and regression trees (CART)) and results are compared with those of the single ANN and CART models. Analytical... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Diversity and distribution of species of Ganoderma in south western Cameroon

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

The genus Ganoderma is one of the most important group of Basidiomycetes due to their medicinal effects and also because they cause decay in a very wide range of tree species all over the world. Opportunistic sampling was used to collect 57 samples of Ganoderma from oil palm and other hosts for identification using comparative morphology and supported by molecular studies of the ITS and mtSSu gene regions. The objectives were to identify the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Molecular and biochemical study of Anaplasma marginale in cattle in Wassit Province of Iraq

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of bovine anaplasmosis among cattle from various areas in Wassit governorate; the investigation was performed on 184 blood samples collected from suspected cattle suffering from fever (41°C), severe anemia, pale mucus membrane, progressive emaciation and drop in milk yield, including 85 male and 99 female cattle, aged from < 1 year to > 2 years, the samples were collected during the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Palliative treatment of cancer in resource poor settings: Traditional medicine perspective

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

This study aimed to determine the suitability of ethnomedicinal plants as a suitable option for palliative care of cancer in Namibia. To achieve this, key informant interviews were conducted in central and northern parts of Namibia on the use of ethnomedicinal plant products for palliation of cancer. Information from surveys on the medicinal use of plants in Oshikoto and Zambezi regions of Namibia for ailments such as tumors were used to select... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Exploring the critical success factors (CSF) and limitations of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems: The case of Egyptian hotels

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

In recent times, service establishments have invested considerable resources in the implementation of Enterprise Resource. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are highly complex information systems. Many ERP implementations have been classified as failures because they did not believe in the importance of the key success factors of achieving a competitive advantage. This paper has the objective of getting insight into the major Critical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Computational sequence analysis and in silico modeling of a stripe rust resistance protein encoded by wheat TaHSC70 gene

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

TaHSC70 gene of Triticum sp. is an associate of the heat shock protein family and plays a significant role in stress-related and defense responses educed by contagion with stripe rust fungus through a Jasmonic acid dependent signal transduction pathway. Hence, understanding molecular structure and function of the protein coded by this gene is of paramount importance for plant biologists working on stripe rust. The present study was aimed at sequence... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Isolation and sequence analysis of a putative MerR-type-transcriptional regulator and a multidrug efflux protein of Bacillus circulans ATCC 21588: As potential targets of therapeutics

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Mercury-type transcriptional regulators (MerR-transcriptional regulator) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) transporters usually form an important sensor-response transport system in many microorganisms. This system has been shown to be involved in the regulation and transport (efflux) of a wide and diverse array of secondary metabolites including antimicrobial agents, dyes, chemicals, metals and evem harmful oxygen radicals. Inhibition or... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Etio-pathological investigations to study the gross and histopathological lesions affecting gastrointestinal tract of sheep

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Thirty sheep/lambs were brought for post mortem in Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, LUVAS and Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hisar, which were investigated for gastrointestinal tract pathology in laboratory of Department of Veterinary Pathology. Mortality was maximum in sheep/lambs of age group 6 months to 1 year and higher in males than females. Gross pathological changes in gastro intestinal system noticed were congestion in abomasum,... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 10

Is giving scholarship worth the effort?Loyalty among scholarship recipients

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

To stay ahead of competition, a significant factor has now become of significance; student loyalty towards higher learning institutions. Hence, scholarship recipients have the expectation to demonstrate a certain degree of loyalty towards their education sponsor. In addition, they play an important role as opinion leaders and walking advertisement for these institutions. However, the challenge that is plaguing scholarship programmes is the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 10

Assessment of effluents discharged from textiles industries in selected villages in Kaduna State, Nigeria

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

A major serious source of pollution is the industrial effluent discharge by the process industries into the water bodies. Industrial effluent consists of water with varieties of potentially harmful substances. The study analysed the public health effects of effluents discharged from Kaduna textile industry into the waters of river Kaduna. Physicochemical qualities of effluents at the downstream were assessed. Parameters measured include pH,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Variability for yield, yield related traits and association among traits of sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties in Wollo, Ethiopia

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

Sixteen sorghum varieties were tested in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Sirinka Agricultural Research Center and Kobo sub-center in 2010 with the objectives of estimating the genetic variability, associations among the traits and determining the direct and indirect effect of the traits on grain yield of varieties across the two locations. Analysis of variance revealed that there were statistically significant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Evaluation of tannery effluent content in Kano metropolis, Kano State Nigeria

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

A field experiment was carried out to evaluate heavy metals and physiochemical concentration of tannery effluents from Kano metropolis. Fifteen samples from five selected tannery industries from Sharada and Challawa industrial estate were collected and determined for heavy metals using atomic absorption spectrophotometric method (AAS) and the result of the study showed that the range mean and standard deviation values for chromium (Cr), lead (Pb),... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Approximate solution to three point bending equation for a simply supported beam

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

In this work, the authors present an approximate solution to three point bending equation for a simply supported beam of rectangular section. The deflection of the beam due to a perpendicular point – wise load is estimated for high rates of its curvature. After the deformation of the beam, the shape of its cross sectional area is assumed to remain as is. The proposed solution consists of binomial power series and does not contain elliptic... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Pleurotus pulmonarius cultivation on amended palm press fibre waste

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

In the last few decades, rapid global demand for edible oils has resulted in a significant increase in the land area of oil crop cultivation. In the process of extraction of palm oil from oil palm fruit, biomass materials such as palm pressed fibre (PPF) are generated as waste products. This research was undertaken to evaluate the use of palm pressed fibres as the substrates for the cultivation of Pleurotus pulmonarius which currently use sawdust.... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 19

Difficulties encountered by both teachers and students in teaching and learning Turkish as a second language

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The objective of this research is to identify and suggest solutions to the problems experienced by students learning Turkish as a second language according to the opinions of both teachers and students evaluated. The research has been conducted among the classroom teachers, Turkish language teachers and the students attending the schools in districts and villages of Batman city. Descriptive model has been used during the research. Data considering... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Levels of tannins in fruit diet of grey-cheeked mangabeys (Lophocebus ugandae, Groves) in Lake Victoria Basin forest reserves

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

Tannins are known to have anti-digestive properties among primates and undoubtedly influence food selection among grey-cheeked mangabeys (Lophocebus ugandae) living in Mabira and Lwamunda forest reserves. During the 24 months study, we observed the feeding behaviour of three groups of mangabeys in forests with different levels of degradation and management histories. Results indicated that mangabeys selected fruits parts based on tannin levels.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Sustainable timber utilization and management in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

This study was carried out to ascertain the perception of the people on sustainable timber utilization and management in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Three Local Government Areas (LGAs) were purposively selected from the timber producing areas of the state, and multi stage random sampling technique was employed to select a total of 150 respondents. Primary data were used for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to collect information from the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 19

Genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for yield and yield related traits of Kabuli-type Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Ethiopia

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Chickpea is the major pulse crop cultivated in Ethiopia. However, its production is constrained due to genotype instability and environmental variability. This research was carried out to examine the magnitude of environmental effect on yield of chickpea genotypes and to investigate the stability and adaptability of genotypes under different agro-ecologies. Seventeen (17) genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 18

Suitability assessment of soil for cassava production in the coastal and hinterland areas of Southern Cross River State – Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

Nutrient deficiencies and imbalances are the main constraints of crop production in Nigeria and thus, assessing the suitability of the lands for agricultural production, especially in developing countries to boost crop yield is very urgent and timely. The study is aimed at examining the suitability assessment of soil for cassava production in Southern Cross River State, Nigeria. Soil samples were randomly collected from nine peasant cultivated... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Epidemiological study on ectoparasite infestation of small ruminants in Sodo Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate magnitude of small ruminant ectoparasite infestation in Sodo Zuria district from November, 2013 to March, 2014. Out of the total 758 small ruminants, 51.5% sheep and 48.9 % goats were found infected with ectoprasite infestation (p=0.471). Standard identification of 383 ectoprasite specimens demonstrated ticks (34.6%), lice (7.1%), fleas (6.1%) and mange mites (2.8%). Tick and flea infestation were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Geographic variations in the predictors of asthma, wheeze, and dry nocturnal cough among adolescents from the United Arab Emirates

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

This study aims to determine the prevalence of asthma, wheeze and dry nocturnal cough, and also to assess predictors of these health outcomes among adolescents from nine different geographic regions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Guided by the population health framework, analysis focused on responses to select items from a survey that was administered on 6,363 UAE adolescents. Frequency analyses determined the prevalence of health outcomes... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Microbiological assessment of meat contact surfaces at abattoir and retail houses in Jigjiga town, Somali National Regional State of Ethiopia

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences

ISABB. J. Food and Agric. Sci.

This study was conducted to determine the microbiological quality and hygienic levels of meat contact surfaces at abattoir and retail houses in Jigjiga town, Ethiopia. A total of ninety pooled swab samples were taken from abattoir floor surface, butchers’ hands, hooks and knives and cutting boards to assess the presence and load of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, aerobic bacteria (aerobic plate counts... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Performance of farmers’ and improved varieties of barley for yield components and seed quality

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The objective of this study was to assess the performance of farmers’ and improved varieties of barley for yield and yield related traits and seed quality attribute in North Shewa Zone of Oromiya Region, Ethiopian. Seven farmer’s varieties (FVs) and three improved varieties (MVs) of barley were tested at three locations in Degem Wereda in randomized complete block design (RCBD) design with three replications during 2010 Meher... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Audit expectation gap and MBA accounting students’ knowledge on auditor(s)’ responsibilities: Evidence from a public university in Kumasi Ashanti Region of Ghana

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Auditing has become a critical indispensable part of business and corporate life in today’s world and it is receiving great entrenchment in national legal status of almost every nation. However, there are evidences that suggest that users of financial statements and the public at large do not have knowledge about auditors’ responsibilities and this has resulted in what has become known as audit expectation gap. This study sought to... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Technical and allocative efficiency gains from integrated soil fertility management in the maize farming system of Kenya

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

Declining land productivity and per capita food availability poses challenges to overcoming land degradation and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need to identify ways of improving land productivity particularly among smallholders. This study investigated the contribution of integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) practices to both technical and allocative efficiencies in the maize farming system of Kenya. To determine efficiency gains... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Culture in society, society in culture: Understanding threads of cultural-social dialectic

Philosophical Papers and Review

Philos. Papers Rev

This paper aims at exploring the provinces of social and cultural dialectical threads. In doing so, it offers an account of (1) why it is quite often confusingly believed that there is a methodological and epistemological “difference” between social and cultural ones[i], and (2) how this belief cloaks some inherent weaknesses and obstacles to change. It is, therefore, within this rationale that this paper locates both its hypothesis and... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Is there hidden caries or is this a limitation of the conventional exams?

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to verify the existence of hidden caries and compare the diagnosis agreement among different examiners by visual, dental radiography and computed microtomography images of hidden dental caries lesions on the occlusal surface of extracted molars. Two hundred and fifteen teeth were examined visually and extracted from cadavers of adolescents with a mean age of 12 years. Eleven teeth which showed hidden occlusal caries were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Information needs, library resources and services available to post graduate students in the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

International Journal of Library and Information Science

Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.

The study evaluated information needs and library resources available to post graduate students in the Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. One hundred and fifty-five copies of questionnaire were administered to postgraduate students in Peace and Conflict Studies (PCS), African Studies (AFS) and Peace Building (BD) units. The study identified Kenneth Dike, WORDOC and IFRA as libraries normally used by postgraduate students of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Analysis of an interpersonal conflict: The office fictitious or non fictitious conflict and ending

Journal of Media and Communication Studies

J. Media Commun. Stud.

The Office was analyzed to determine if television shows portrayed believable conflicts and resolutions in real life. One episode was analyzed, “Dinner Party,” and important interpersonal relationship problems were documented for evidence that correlated with the research previously founded. The episode was watched multiple times and patterns inside of the research were corresponded with what occurred in the show. Major aspects analyzed... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Trace metals in intertidal sediment of mangrove-sheltered creeks in Niger Delta, Nigeria: Variability before and after crude oil spillage

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Trace metals (Zn, Cu and Pb) fluxes were studied in five intertidal flats at Bodo Creek, Eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria in 2006, and re-evaluated in 2010 following two major oil spills that occurred in the creek. This study is the first to look at trace metal loads in the interstitial sediments of Bodo creek. Standard methods were employed in the sampling campaign and analysis. The concentration of all metals under study were higher than stipulated... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Antioxidant-mediated protective effect of hawthorn (Crataegus mexicana) peel extract in erythrocytes against oxidative damage

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

Hawthorn (Crataegus Mexicana) is a traditional fruit in Mexican gastronomy and is used to treat many ailments. Previous studies have shown that acetone extracts derived from hawthorn peel (HPE) possess a strong antioxidant activity in chemical and biological model systems in vitro, attributable to their polyphenolic content. The main objective of this study was to investigate the ability of HPE to protect erythrocytes against oxidative damage, in... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Urinary schistosomiasis: Water contact frequency and infectivity among school aged pupil/students in Umukabia Community of Ehime Mbano Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

A study was conducted among 108 students and pupils of four selected schools in Umukabia Community in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo State, Nigeria using their activities at Efuru and Okparadibia streams. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information on water contact frequency and aetiology of the disease. Schistosoma haematobium ova detection was achieved by the microscopy. Results revealed that there was no significant... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

“I am very much afraid of its side effects by listening to what people say”: Reasons Ghanaian women do not use contraception

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

There is a large unmet need for contraception in Ghana, despite many forms of family planning being highly available and a near universal knowledge of contraception among Ghanaian women. This study sought to qualitatively investigate reasons for low-use of contraception in Ghana. Interviews were conducted with 18 women being treated for complications resulting from unsafe abortions to ascertain their views on contraception usage. Thirty healthcare... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Influences of inadequate instructional materials and facilities in teaching and learning of electrical/electronic technology education courses

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

This study investigated the influences of inadequate instructional materials and facilities in the teaching and learning of electrical/electronics (E/E) technology education courses. The study was guided by two research questions and two null hypotheses which were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The design employed was descriptive survey with a population of 56 Electrical/Electronic teachers and students. Due to population size no sampling was... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Characterization of alkaloid constitution and evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Solanum nigrum using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

In this study, the alkaloid compounds of Solanum nigrum have been evaluated. The chemical compositions of the leaf methanol extract of S. nigrum were investigated using gas chromatography-mass specroscopy (GC-MS). GC-MS analysis of S. nigrum alkaloid leaf methanol extract revealed the existence of the cyclopentasiloxane-decamethyl, L-proline, ethylester, 2-ethyl-1-butanol, methyl ether, cyclopentasiloxane-ocamethyl, betanedioic acid, hydroxyl,... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Acinetobacter spp. in the patients and environment of University Hospital of Yopougon, Côte d’Ivoire, from 2007 to 2011

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

The objective of this work was to study the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of strains of Acinetobacter spp. in the University Hospital of Yopougon Abidjan. This work studied the Acinetobacter strains isolated from humans and environment of the hospital; they were preserved in the culture collection of the Laboratory of Bacteriology from January 2007 to December 2011. Isolation and identification were made by conventional bacteriological... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Back in the U.S.S.R: A Case Study of English/Russian bilingualism using the model of a flexible bilingual spectrum

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

The fields of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and bilingualism are combined in this study to describe language experience using a flexible bilingual spectrum model in which political, economic and social factors are used to analyze levels of bilingualism. A native Russian speaker who learned English in the U.S.S.R. is interviewed and the results are analyzed in a case study, showing the language experience analysis may be enhanced using impact... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Planet Earth in the 21st century: Coordination failure in common pools governance?

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

Marx argued, we recall that capitalist society suffered from in-built contradictions, which would lead to its demise in time. Today, the globe faces another major kind of contradiction: rapid economic development against ecological sustainability. The relationships between economic growth and environmental sustainability have been much debated: Can they be combined to give both prosperity and environmental protection?  On the micro level, many... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Tourism: A viable option for pro poor growth in Gamo Gofa Zone? Southern Ethiopia

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

The research ‘Tourism: A Viable Option for Pro Poor Growth in Gamo Gofa Zone?  Southern Ethiopia’ attempted to uncover how far tourism development is emerged to be a viable option for pro poor growth. The study is confined to Arba Minch town, Nech Sar National Park, Crocodile Ranch and Dorze Cultural Village. Qualitative and quantitative research strategies; household survey design, multi stage, purposive and simple random sampling... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Cultural hegemony and Africa’s development process

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

This work is about cultural hegemony and Africa’s development process. It examines the backwardness associated with the truncation of African cultural modes of development and the unsuccessful adaptation to western systems introduced by colonial powers. Among the Africa’s lost cultural values, as stated in this work, include the African languages for thinking and planning development processes; sense of community life for effective... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 4

Beautiful skin hides all faults - Effects of body satisfaction on self-esteem and shyness in Japanese female youths

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

This study examined the influence of satisfaction from each body part in Japanese female youths on self-esteem and shyness. We hypothesized that body satisfaction in each body part has influence on shyness (social anxiety, social passivity) through self-esteem; and examined the hypothesis using path analysis. As a result, only the body satisfaction of "skin" has been shown to affect shyness and self-esteem. We conclude that body... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

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