Effects of treatment with fraction IV extract of Ximenia americana on the survival rate, packed cell volume and total plasma proteins of Trypanosoma congolense infected mice

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

The effect of treatment with fraction IV extract of Ximenia americana on the survival rate, packed cell volume and total plasma proteins of Trypanosoma congolense infected mice was investigated. Following infection with 104 T. congolense, the mice were treated with  25 mg/kg body weight fraction IV extract and 20 mg/kg body weight Diminazene aceturate, respectively, while a group was left untreated. Parasitaemia, packed cell volume, total... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Egypt and "Democracy Dilemma"

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The principal objective of this paper is to describe and analyze the failure process of democratization in the Egypt after Mubarak regime. The article continues to give an overview over the current situation inside Egypt after the revolution and collects some evidence for a changed relationship between democracy and stability inside the country. In this context, when Mohammad Morsi won the presidential election in June 2012, On 3 July, 2013, a... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 6

Causes of organ condemnation, its public health and financial significance in Nekemte municipal abattoir, Wollega, Western Ethiopia

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

A cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2013 to April, 2014 on cause of organ condemnation, its public health and financial significance in Nekemte municipal abattoir in East Wollega zone, Oromia regional state of Ethiopia. The overall objective was to determine the cause of organ condemnation, its public health and financial significance due to fasciolosis, hydatidosis, Cysticercus bovis and other causes. Accordingly, a total of 534... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Metal silo grain storage technology and household food security in Kenya

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

A treatment effect and ordered logit models were used to evaluate the impact of metal silo storage technology on household food security and factors influencing adoption of metal silo. Farmers’ perception of the effectiveness of metal silo against larger grain borer and maize weevil was also analyzed. The most important factor households considered when choosing a storage facility was effectiveness against storage pests followed by security of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Forms and content of sesquioxides in soils on basement complexes of northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management

J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.

The forms and content of sesquioxides (Fe and Mn) were studied in soils developed on basement complex rocks within Northern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. The study showed that variation in parent materials and pedogenetic development significantly influenced content of dithionite, oxalate extractable forms of iron and active iron ratio in these soils. The mean values of active sesquioxides (Fe and Mn) ratios between the soils varied in the order of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 6

The ignored Dardic culture of Swat

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

The Greek historian Herodotus of the fifth century BC used the term “Dadikai” for people now known as Dards or Dardic. He placed the land between Kashmir and Afghanistan as Darada. “Darada” is the Sanskrit term used for the inhabitants of the region. In Pakistan the region is rarely called Dardistan or the people Dard, a Persian word derived from the Sanskrit “darada.” A linguistic and ethnic mystery shrouds the... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

Posturedontics in dentistry: A review

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

Dentistry is a profession that generally produces muscular pain and soreness, they are usually harmless and slow to appear; consequently, the symptoms are usually ignored until they become chronic and permanent lesions are present. When practicing, dentists sometimes are forced to adopt unhealthy postures which depend mainly on factors related to the working conditions. Also, they are exposed to biomechanical risk factors, which indicates that work... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 6

Development of community based ecotourism in Wenchi Crater Lake, Ethiopia: Challenges and prospects

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

This study examines the challenges and prospects of Community Based Ecotourism development in Ethiopia with special focus on Wenchi Crater Lake. Descriptive research design was employed with 194 sample representatives selected through simple random sampling technique and purposive sampling for quantitative and qualitative data respectively. The data were collected through key informant interview, informal discussion, questionnaire survey and field... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Health care providers’ satisfaction with the clinical laboratory service of Nekemte Referral Hospital, Western Ethiopia

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.

The objective of this study was to assess health care providers’ satisfaction with the service provided by the clinical laboratory personnel at Nekemte Referral Hospital, Western Ethiopia to determine the level of satisfaction of health care providers on clinical laboratory services. A cross sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2014 at Nekemte Referral Hospital. The data was collected from 105 randomly selected health... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Relationship between plasma levels of albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese of healthy subjects and patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

J. Public Health Epidemiol.

Plasma albumin, selenium, chromium and manganese levels of thirty patients each with HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and one hundred and six apparently healthy adults in Akwa-Ibom and Cross River States, South-South Nigeria was studied. The mean plasma albumin was higher in the control than in the disease patients. The mean plasma selenium was lowest in the control (0.004 ± 0.01 mg/L) than in the HIV/AIDS (0.007... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

A study on correlation of malaria infection with A, B, O, RH blood group system

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology

J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.

The aim of this study was to find correlation of malaria infection with A, B, O and Rh blood grouping. A total of 200 blood samples were collected from suspected malaria cases out of which 40 samples were positive and 160 samples were negative for malaria. ABO and Rh blood grouping was done using Eryscreen®. Maximum numbers of malaria positive were seen in blood group ‘O’ positive followed by ‘B’ positive, ‘A’... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

The potential application of avian egg antibodies with emphasis on immunotherapeutic and immunodiagnostic purpose

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health

Avian eggs present an ideal alternative antibody source to mammals as the immunoglobulin (IgY) in the chicken’s blood is transported to the egg and accumulates in the egg yolk in large quantities. The existence of an immunoglobulin G (IgG)-like molecule in avian eggs, referred to as IgY, has been well documented, and extensive research has been carried out on its characterization, production and purification. Although it is the functional... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Using a task analysis to strengthen nursing and midwifery pre-service education in Malawi

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery

The Nurses and Midwives Council of Malawi (NMCM) has engaged in significant efforts to reform nursing and midwifery pre-service education in Malawi. To that end NMCM decided to revise and strengthen existing syllabi and curricula for nurse midwifery cadres, starting with the nurse midwife technician (NMT). In an attempt to make evidence-based decisions for syllabus revision, NMCM conducted a task analysis to assess how prepared NMTs were to perform... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in gingival crevicular fluid from smokers and non-smokers with gingivitis and chronic periodontal disease

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

J. Dent. Oral Hyg.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of smokers (light and heavy) and non-smokers with gingivitis (G) and chronic periodontal disease (CPD). Forty-five patients were selected: 15 heavy smokers whose daily tobacco consumption was more than 10 cigarettes/day (HS), 15 light smokers whose daily tobacco consumption was fewer than 10 cigarettes/day (LS), and 15 non-smokers who... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The effect of olive mill effluent and organic compost on evaporation and temperature in medium and coarse textured pot soils

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics

J. Dev. Agric. Econ.

The effects of olive mill effluent on evaporation assessed from the surface of two kinds of soil sandy loam and loam textures with two different temperatures. In the other hand five treatments for each texture were prepared in three replicates, including wastewater treatment stained with olives in a value and two percent, compost mixture treatments, mulch amount equal to 50 tons/h, control and water. Eleven treatments were used. Treatments only to a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Issa-Afar re-membering, re-presentation and dramaturgy of violence

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology

Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.

This paper presents the phenomenology of Issa-Afar protracted violence in Ethiopia from hitherto unexplored vintage points of remembering (subjective memory), re-presentation (narrative construction and re-construction of remembering), and dramaturgy (the discursive and performative utility) of violence. Issa-Afar violent conflict is one of the most protracted violent conflicts in the Horn of Africa that unabatedly perpetuated at least since the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The technical reviews of Ligeti Piano Etude No.4 Fanfares

Journal of Music and Dance

J. Music Dance

Ligeti’s etude Fanfares extends the technical skills demanded of the modern pianist and many incorporate completely new techniques. This etude, which was composed around 1985 consists of some of the most technically demanding issues composed for the piano in the last decades of the 20th century. Through the study of this work the pianist is pushed in new directions as Ligeti extends the limits of the pianistic borders. Key words: Ligeti,... Read more

Vol. 5 Num. 3

Thrombocytopenia and bleeding manifestations among patients with dengue virus infection in Port Sudan, Red Sea State of Sudan

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity

J. Infect. Dis. Immun.

Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled. Laboratory-positive dengue cases were... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

The effects of cultural knowledge on Iranian EFL students’ reading comprehension across male and female learners

Journal of Languages and Culture

J. Lang. Cult.

Reading comprehension is the most important skill in the absence of oral communication opportunities in foreign language teaching situation. So, the effect of different factors on reading comprehension has been studied. One of these factors is "cultural familiarity" of a text. Is readers' comprehension influenced by "cultural familiarity" of a text? What is the difference between different gender groups in comprehension of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education

Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.

This study investigated the causes of science and technical teachers’ attrition and strategies for retention in Adamawa State Secondary Schools. Attrition refers to exit of teachers without replacement. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions guided the study and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample of the study was 785. The entire population of principals and technical teachers... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Understanding the content of crimes against humanity: Tracing its historical evolution from the Nuremberg Charter to the Rome Statute

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations

Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.

The term ‘crimes against humanity’ has been widely used by different people to mean different things. The media has referred the term to include a variety of contemporary political events that they have reported on. The media practitioners and social workers have used the term loosely to refer to situations where the governments or any other people holding power, authority or influence have done any wrong. Politicians and political... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Influence of different dates of sowing and spacings on growth and yield of scented rice cv. pusa sugandh-3 under temperate conditions of Kashmir

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds

J. Cereals Oilseeds

A field experiment was conducted during kharif seasons of 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of different dates of sowing and spacing on growth and yield of scented rice (Pusa sugandh -3) under temperate condition of Kashmir. The soil of the experimental field was silty clay loam in texture with neutral pH, low in available nitrogen and medium in available phosphorus and potassium. The experiment comprised of 9 treatments, viz D1S1 (15th... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in haemodialysis patients in Khartoum State, Sudan from 2012 to 2014

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

J. Med. Lab. Diagn.

This study was carried out to detect occult hepatitis B virus (OHB) among haemodylsis patient in Khartoum State, Sudan. Antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), competitive ELISA to detect Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were used to analyze 100 plasma samples collected from patients in 3 hospitals... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Examining decision-making levels of athletes in team environment of socio-demographic variables

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management

J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.

The purpose of the present research is to examine decision-making levels of athletes of various branches in team environments in terms of socio-demographic variables. Research group consisted of 128 females, 178 males; a total of 306 athletes who play various sports. In order to collect data, 4-question “Personal Information Form” and “Melbourne Decision Making Scale” developed by Mann et al. (1998) were used. Collected data... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Induction and regeneration of somatic embryos from Vitex doniana (Lamiaceae) leaf explants

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.

The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating some of the factors that influence induction and regeneration of somatic embryos in Vitex doniana since there are no available reports on tissue culture of this tree species. Leaves from plants growing under temporary shed were cultured on Murashige and Skoog supplemented with silver nitrate and four amino acids (proline, tryptophan, lysine and leucine) at varying concentrations, 0.11 mg/l... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Evaluation of anti-oxidant properties in essential oil and solvent extracts from Tagetes minuta

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.

Synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) are toxic and carcinogenic, thus they induce DNA damage. This calls for the need to find alternative antioxidants from natural products. Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae) is an annual herb that belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is used in common medicine and grows in temperate regions of South America, some parts of Africa and Asia. Essential oil from T.... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Stochastic simulation analysis of sustainable public debt in Zimbabwe

Journal of Economics and International Finance

J. Econ. Int. Finance

This paper applies dynamic stochastic simulation methods to assess sustainable public debt management policies in Zimbabwe. The methodology applied involves estimating a fiscal reaction function and using it to simulate public debt path using a stochastic approach and historical information on drivers of public debt accumulation and their volatility. The results from the baseline scenario show that Zimbabwe’s public debt would not deviate much... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

The politics of theory: What is the basis for comparative literature?

International Journal of English and Literature

Int. J. English Lit.

It is a serious matter of concern in the studies of Comparative Literature today as the politics of theory continues to play up against other literatures of the world. At the institutionalization of the discipline in the United State after the World War II, the American Comparative Literature Association was founded in 1960 to the exclusion of African literature and other literatures. It was intended to work across the boundaries of language(s)... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 5

“Troubled and troubling souls: The case of african churches”

African Journal of History and Culture

Afr. J. Hist. Cult.

The African [Initiated] Churches has shown a phenomenal growth in the past century and today as people speak of the ‘Christian South’ or shift of the centre of gravity of christianity from the West to the South they definitely include these churches in their category. Their growth in the Sub-Sahara Africa has increasingly manifested a great challenge to European mission churches. The emergence and expansion of these churches remain a... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Analysis of potential flow around two-dimensional body by finite element method

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research

J. Mech. Eng. Res.

The paper presents a numerical method for analyzing the potential flow around two dimensional body such as single circular cylinder, NACA0012 hydrofoil and double circular cylinders by finite element method. The numerical technique is based upon a general formulation for the Laplace’s equation using Galerkin technique finite element approach. The solution of the systems of algebraic equations is approached by Gaussian elimination scheme.... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 2

Pedagogic possibilities of ICTs and technology affordances in an increasingly networked environment in support of sustainable development

Journal of African Studies and Development

J. Afr. Stud. Dev

The research project seeks new opportunities/ directions of learning and teaching in an increasingly networked world, and how they can benefit people in developing countries in support of sustainable development. The research agenda is aimed at studying how interconnected information and communication technologies (ICTs) can expand the reach of educational opportunities and improve learning outcomes as technology affordances. The main research... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

An empirical analysis of taxpayers’ fairness preferences from Canada’s Taxpayer Bill of rights

Journal of Accounting and Taxation

J. Account. Taxation

Many countries have adopted a taxpayer charter or equivalent, which governs the relationship between taxpayers and tax authorities. However, little is known about the extent to which these charters are constructed in accordance with widely accepted fairness dimensions, as well as the relative importance of taxpayer charter rights within each fairness dimension. This research investigates the Canadian taxpayer charter (the Taxpayer Bill of Rights)... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Extension programme participation and smallholder’s livelihood: Evidence from Awassa Zuria District, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev

In this paper the extension organization that promotes packages of technologies and practices was closely examined in line with its impact to mediate the use of household resources which determine the type of livelihood strategies perused at household level and their ultimate outcomes either in more secured or vulnerable livelihoods. For this study, a survey data were collected in 2006 from a randomly selected 65 participant and 27 dropout farm... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Provenance variation in seed morphological characteristics, germination and early seedling growth of Faidherbia albida

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry

J. Hortic. For.

Faidherbia albida is an important agroforestry tree species widely distributed across parklands and agricultural systems in Africa. The demand to scale it up in similar agroecologies outside their natural distribution range in agricultural systems in Eastern Africa is increasing. The demand is caused by the observed enhancement of crop yields under mature F. albida trees canopies. There are around 132 provenances of F. albida in Africa all... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Problems and prospects of tourism industry in Manipur

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.

Tourism has emerged as a large service-sector industry in the modern world which has become a global instrument of economic, cultural and social development. India has plenty of natural beauty and resources like cultural heritage, archaeological remains, historical ruins, bio-diversity, heritage site etc for tourism promotions. Manipur, “the Land of Jewels” is one of the smallest and easternmost states in India having a geographical area... Read more

Vol. 8 Num. 5

Evaluation of antifungal activity of snake venoms from the Amazon forest

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research

J. Yeast Fungal Res.

In recent years, many antimicrobial peptides have been found in the venoms of animals from different sources and have been intensively studied to elucidate their ability to inhibit the growth of potential pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study was to characterize and evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of crude venom from two amazonian snakes: Bothrops atrox and Crotalus durissus ruruima. The molecular profile of representative... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 2

Molecular and biochemical study of Anaplasma marginale in cattle in Wassit Province of Iraq

African Journal of Bacteriology Research

J. Bacteriol. Res.

This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of bovine anaplasmosis among cattle from various areas in Wassit governorate; the investigation was performed on 184 blood samples collected from suspected cattle suffering from fever (41°C), severe anemia, pale mucus membrane, progressive emaciation and drop in milk yield, including 85 male and 99 female cattle, aged from < 1 year to > 2 years, the samples were collected during the... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Antibacterial attributes of extracts of Phyllantus amarus and Phyllantus niruri on Escherichia coli the causal organism of urinary tract infection

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.

In view of the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) worldwide, the increasing resistance of pathogenic bacteria to conventional antibiotics and their side effects, the aerial part and root of Phyllanthus amarus (Schum. and Thonn.) and Phyllanthus niruri (L.) were analysed for mineral and phytochemical constituents, and their ethanol extracts screened against five clinical isolates of Escherichia coli associated with UTI, to ascertain their... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Exploring the critical success factors (CSF) and limitations of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems: The case of Egyptian hotels

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism

J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism

In recent times, service establishments have invested considerable resources in the implementation of Enterprise Resource. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are highly complex information systems. Many ERP implementations have been classified as failures because they did not believe in the importance of the key success factors of achieving a competitive advantage. This paper has the objective of getting insight into the major Critical... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 3

Computational sequence analysis and in silico modeling of a stripe rust resistance protein encoded by wheat TaHSC70 gene

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research

J. Comput. Biol. Bioinform. Res

TaHSC70 gene of Triticum sp. is an associate of the heat shock protein family and plays a significant role in stress-related and defense responses educed by contagion with stripe rust fungus through a Jasmonic acid dependent signal transduction pathway. Hence, understanding molecular structure and function of the protein coded by this gene is of paramount importance for plant biologists working on stripe rust. The present study was aimed at sequence... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 1

Isolation and sequence analysis of a putative MerR-type-transcriptional regulator and a multidrug efflux protein of Bacillus circulans ATCC 21588: As potential targets of therapeutics

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.

Mercury-type transcriptional regulators (MerR-transcriptional regulator) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) transporters usually form an important sensor-response transport system in many microorganisms. This system has been shown to be involved in the regulation and transport (efflux) of a wide and diverse array of secondary metabolites including antimicrobial agents, dyes, chemicals, metals and evem harmful oxygen radicals. Inhibition or... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 3

Dynamic assessment of freight rail vehicles through a multibody system

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

Many factors may cause accidents with rail vehicles. The main ones are related with the vehicle-load dynamics, rundown tracks and unsafe operations. Such accidents have the potential to cause personal injuries, environmental and structural damages, as well as losses to companies and customers. In order to evaluate the railway vehicle dynamics, a multibody system was developed to model a railway boxcar with 24 degrees of freedom. The motion equations... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 10

Geology and petrography of the rocks around Gulani Area, Northeastern Nigeria

Journal of Geology and Mining Research

J. Geol. Min. Res.

Geological mapping of the Gulani area revealed that the area consists of Precambrian Basement Complex rocks, Cretaceous sediments and the Tertiary/Quaternary basalts of the Biu plateau. The Basement Complex rocks are represented by diorite and granites while the sediments include the Bima, Yolde, and Pindiga Formations. Epigenetic baryte-copper mineralizations occur with the baryte veins restricted to the Bima and Yolde sandstones while the Copper... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Evaluation of the land management harmony degree based on the three attributes of land: The case study of Beijing

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

The paper firstly constructs the evaluation system of land management harmony degree based on the three attributes of land about resources, assets and capital, then calculates and evaluates regional land management harmony degree combined with the empirical data of Beijing. Methods of multi-objective weighted function and analytic hierarchy process are employed. On this basis, this study reveals that:... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 10

An economic assessment of the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) on performance indicators of water resource management in West Africa: A suggested strategy for avoiding the eminent international water wars

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.

Using data from 16 West African countries, this paper examines the links between Per Capita Income, Trade and Financial indicators, Education and Freedom indicators. Others are internet users, broadband and mobile cell phone subscribers. Meanwhile fresh water supply (which is assumed as a bench mark public sector-led water resource management performance indicators) and access to safe drinking water (a bench mark private sector-led water resource... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Utilization of natural and industrial mineral admixtures as cement substitutes for concrete production in Jordan

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.

Several materials such as tuff and Tripoli which is naturally occurring and industrial by-products wastes as high calcium ash and slag were investigated as cement substitutes in this paper. Compressive strength of various standard mortar samples have been tested at 7 and 28 days. The obtained results show that these materials have improved the properties Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) concrete. It was found that an increased compressive strength of... Read more

Vol. 6 Num. 4

Differential effect of behavioural strategies on the management of conduct disorder among adolescents in correctional centres in Lagos State, Nigeria

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling

Int. J. Psychol. Couns.

Adolescent period is a significant phase in human development. Empirical evidences from diverse nations revealed that the period is characterized by a number of misbehaviours of which conduct disorder is paramount. Conduct disorder is a repetitive behaviour that violates the rights of others. It entails rule violation, aggression, hostility, and deceitfulness. There are adolescents in correctional centres in several nations of the world because of... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 4

Effect of paddy storage and processing parameters on quality of Ofada rice in the production of ready to eat flakes

African Journal of Food Science

Afr. J. Food Sci.

Effect of paddy storage duration and processing parameters (soaking time, parboiling temperature and drying temperature) were optimized using response surface methodology for the production of ready to eat Ofada rice flakes which serves as alternative mean of harnessing its potential. There exist significance differences at p<0.05 for all the parameters except carbohydrate and metabolizable energy. The quadratic models were fit for prediction of... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Problems of implementation of strategic plans for secondary schools’ improvement in Anambra State

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

This study investigated the extent of problems of strategic plans implementation for secondary schools’ improvement in Anambra State, Nigeria for quality education provision.  The study used a descriptive survey design paradigm. Respondents comprised 217 principals. There was no sampling. All the principals were used. Data were collected using ‘Schools’ Strategic Plan Implementation Problems Questionnaire’... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 10

Effect of storage materials on seed quality and health in Jute variety O-9897

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The experiments were conducted in Jute Agriculture Experimental Station (JAES) and Kishoregonj Regional Station (KRS) of BJRI during the period April 2012 to January 2013. The present study was carried out with the objective was to find out suitable storage materials for quality jute seeds and fibre production. Six different types of containers viz. tin pot, plastic pot, poly bag, gunny bag lined with polythene, cloth bag, and International Rice... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 21

Challenges of adoption of urine-diversion dry toilets technology as sanitation option by coastal communities of Mkuranga District in Tanzania

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.

Mkuranga District council in collaboration with African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) introduced ecological sanitation option using urine-diversion dry toilets (UDDT) to the community between 2007 and 2009, which was later declared unsuccessful. This study analyzed factors that hindered the uptake of UDDT by the community by assessing the project implementation strategy. Techniques used for the study were questionnaire, interviews,... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 5

Genetic effects on panicle traits of crossbred rainfed rice cultivars using generation mean analysis

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.

The nature and magnitude of gene effects involved in expression of panicle traits in rainfed rice cultivars were estimated among a wide range of crosses using generation mean analysis. The parental lines comprised of two low-land and six upland rain-fed rice. The lowland parents were used as pollen parents and the upland genotypes were maintained as the seed parents. Crosses were made between them to obtain the F1 hybrids. Backcrosses were produced... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

Acute toxicity and behavioral changes of Caspian kutum (Rutilus frisii Kutum Kamensky, 1991) and Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus Jakowlew, 1870) exposed to the fungicide hinosanan

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Pesticides are used in agriculture to control pest and protect human health and animals. Excessive use of pesticides caused risk for human health and threated non-target organisms, polluted water, soil and air. Hinosan is a component of organophosphate pesticide which is used as a fungicide in agricultural fields. In the study, lethal concentration (LC50) of Hinosan was calculated for Rutilus frisii kutum and Rutilus rutilus caspicus with a mean... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 20

Solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation for l≠0 with position-dependent mass for modified Eckart potential plus Hulthen potential

International Journal of Physical Sciences

Int. J. Phys. Sci.

In this paper we solve analytical the position-dependent effective mass Klein–Gordon equation for modified Eckart potential plus Hulthen potential with unequal scalar and vector potential for l≠0. The Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU) method is used to obtain the energy eigenvalues and wave functions. We also discuss the energy eigenvalues and wave functions for the constant-mass case. The wave functions of the system are taken in the form of the... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Evaluation for nutritive values and antioxidant activities of dried seablite (Suaeda maritima)

Scientific Research and Essays

Sci. Res. Essays

The aims of these studies were to evaluate nutritive values of dried seablite (Suaeda maritima) and investigate its biological characteristics on health promotion, such as, antioxidant activities. Edible parts were collected, dried with solar stove, determined nutritive values, including proximal analysis of water content, crude protein, crude fat, dietary fiber, total ash content, carbohydrate, total calories, β-carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C,... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

The relationship between capacity utilization and value chain performance: Evidence from Kenyan tea processing firms

African Journal of Business Management

Afr. J. Bus. Manage.

Tea processing firms have increasingly recognized the role of capacity utilization and management in the creation and maintenance of competitive advantage. This study intended to determine the link between capacity utilization and value chain performance of tea processing firms. Specifically, the study determined the relationship between capacity utilization and value chain performance of tea processing firms in Kenya. To achieve this, a sample... Read more

Vol. 9 Num. 9

Economic viability of the agricultural recycling of sewage sludge in Brazil

African Journal of Agricultural Research

Afr. J. Agric. Res.

The sewage sludge can be used for agricultural recycling as biosolids, since all the legal requirements are fulfilled, in plantations whose edible part does not have contact with the ground, thus its use is not allowed with the oleraceous, tubers, roots and flooded cultures. Considering that, from data collected by the Sanitation Company of Paraná (SANEPAR), the agronomic analysis reports of 10 lots of biosolids processed at Ouro Verde Sludge... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 20

Characterization of the dominant microorganisms responsible for the fermentation of dehulled maize grains into nsiho in Ghana

African Journal of Biotechnology

Afr. J. Biotechnol.

Nsiho (white kenkey) is a type of kenkey, a sour stiff dumpling, produced from fermented maize meal in Ghana. The dominant microorganisms responsible for the fermentation of nsiho were characterized by analysing samples from four traditional production sites at Anum in the Eastern Region of Ghana. During 48 h of steeping dehulled maize grains, the pH values decreased from 6.05 to 5.93 to 3.59 to 3.55, whilst titratable acidity increased from 0.02 to... Read more

Vol. 14 Num. 19

Difficulties encountered by both teachers and students in teaching and learning Turkish as a second language

Educational Research and Reviews

Educ. Res. Rev.

The objective of this research is to identify and suggest solutions to the problems experienced by students learning Turkish as a second language according to the opinions of both teachers and students evaluated. The research has been conducted among the classroom teachers, Turkish language teachers and the students attending the schools in districts and villages of Batman city. Descriptive model has been used during the research. Data considering... Read more

Vol. 10 Num. 9

Influence of current land use and edaphic factors on arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) hyphal abundance and soil organic matter in and near Serengeti National Park

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment

J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are important microbial symbionts for plants especially when soil phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) are limited. Little is known about the distribution of AM hyphae in natural systems of tropical soils across landscapes and their association with different land uses. We studied mycorrhizal hyphal abundance in a wildlife grazed system, a livestock grazed system and under cultivated soils in and near Serengeti National... Read more

Vol. 7 Num. 5

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