International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006

IJPS Articles in press

Production Stage: Acceptance Stage

Comparative analysis of physical and chemical characteristics of selected clays deposits found in Kebbi State, Nigeria

The intent of this paper was to explore the physical and chemical characteristics of clays in Kebbi State, Nigeria, and the clays were compared with standard clay which is considered with highest quality standard in casting. Clay’s deposits from Dukku River along River Rima, Jega River which is the tail end of River Niger and Yauri were investigated for their potentials as raw materials used for casting and ceramic...

Author(s):Sani A. Salihu and I. Y. Suleiman

Production Stage: Acceptance Stage

RADIONUCLIDE CONCENTRATION: THE COAL ASH EFFECT

Radionuclide concentrations in coal ash, soil mixed with coal ash and soil were determined using the gamma spectroscopic method. The average activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in coal ash samples were found as 35.0, 5.8 and 109.4 Bq/kg, respectively. The average activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soil mixed with coal ash samples varied from 21.2 to 30.8 Bq/kg, 48.6 to 82.7Bq/kg and 162.5 to...

Author(s):Amakom, M. Chijioke; Orji, E. Chikwendu; Iroegbu Chinedu; Nkwoada, U. Amarachi; Madu, D. Afam; Ugochuwu, G. Kosisochukwu and Oforma, J. Tochukwu

Production Stage: Acceptance Stage

Gross Alpha and Beta Activity Concentrations in Soil and Some Selected Nigerian Food Crops

Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil, cassava and Fluted pumpkin (leaf and stem) were investigated using a gas flow proportional counter. The gross alpha activity concentrations for the Fluted pumpkin were between 3.55—13.95 Bq/Kg and 3.53—3.61 Bq/Kg for the leaves and stems respectively. The gross alpha activity concentrations for cassava and soil samples ranged from 0.07-0.60 Bq/Kg and 0.35-0.53 Bq/Kg...

Author(s):Chijioke M. Amakom; Chikwendu E. Orji.; Benedict, C. Eke; Chinedu Iroegbu; Bridget A. Ojakominor

Production Stage: Acceptance Stage

The Optical and Structural performance of Polymer/Fullerene Thin Film based on P3HT/PCBM after post-annealing

The polymer solar cell is a promising candidate for the next-generation solar cells, because of its light weight, flexibility and easy fabrication. Poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61(PCBM) are, to date, the most-studied active materials around the world for bulk-heterojunction structure .Recent power-conversion efficiencies are reported up to approximately 13%. This research...

Author(s): Sunday Wilson Balogun, Yekini Kolawole Sanusi, Adebayo Olaniyi Aina

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Feasibility analysis of hybrid electricity generation system by HOMER for Mauritanian northern coast

The reported work was motivated by the energy needs in the Mauritania region and the utility of the search features of a software system, named HOMER (Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Energy Resources), for feasibility analysis of a hybrid power generation system (HS) for the Mauritanian northern coast. This study analyzed a sample of the available wind resources to meet the energy needs of these localities, using the HOMER...

Author(s):M. Soukeyna, I. B. Ramdhane, D. Ndiaye, M. Elmamy, M. M. Menou, A. M. Yahya, A. K. Mahmoud and I. Youm

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Laplace decomposition method for Whitham-Broer-Kaup shallow water waves equations

In this paper, the Laplace decomposition method was applied to find travelling wave solutions of the Whitham-Broer-Kaup (WBK) system. To illustrate the capability of the approach, two numerical examples are given where the propagation and the error of the obtained solutions are shown in comparison of its exact solution. The approximate solutions are calculated in form of convergence power series with easily computable...

Author(s):Jamshad Ahmad and Mariyam Mushtaq

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Comparative analysis of meteorological data from satellite and ground-based at some selected stations in Nigeria

This work studied the comparative analysis of meteorological parameter (temperature, solar radiation and relative humidity) of satellite and Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) data at Kano, Kaduna, Owerri and Sokoto for 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2010, respectively. Statistical tools of mean bias error (MBE), root mean square error (RMSE) and correlation coefficient (r) were determined to validate the data. The results...

Author(s):Isikwue B. C., Sombo T. and Ibeh G. F.

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Coupling of iteration method and exact Lagrange multipliers for Helmholtz and non-linear parabolic equations

Solutions of partial differential equations are of great importance for mathematicians and scientists. In this paper, the author likewise calculated exact Langrage multiplier and it progressively connects to the definite results of Helmholtz and nonlinear parabolic equations. This study shows the advantages of exact Lagrange multipliers and their coupling with Variational Iteration Method. Computational work shows that the...

Author(s):Muhammad Hamid, Muhammad Usman and Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Analysis of long-term rainfall trends over Nigeria

Monthly mean of rainfall data (mm) between January to December for the period 1901 to 2006 for 23 stations (grid points) over Nigeria were analyzed in this study. The trends of rainfall over the 23 stations were examined statistically based on the time series, mean, standard deviation of the rainfall data. The study period were sub-divided into 30-year Climatic means and compared with World Meteorological Organization...

Author(s):Olakunle Rufus Oladosu

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Effect of Eddy diffusion on atmospheric electrical processes in a fair weather environment

Most of the past studies have been concentrated towards the average current that flows from the thunderstorm into the global electric circuit, the role of equalization layer, and the variations of electric field for maintaining the ionosphere’s electric potential difference in the atmosphere, which are directed downward between the equipotential surfaces of the ionosphere and ground. The analytical relation for both the...

Author(s):Falade John A.

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Seasonal variability of rainfall and its decadal anomaly over Nigeria: Possible role of solar and geomagnetic activities

This study investigates the seasonal variations of rainfall and its decadal anomaly over Nigeria and the possible role of solar and geomagnetic activities. Sunspot number and geomagnetic aa index were used as solar indices. Monthly mean daily rainfall data from Nigeria Meteorological (NIMET) Agency was used in this study. Descriptive, bivariate, and power spectral density (PSD) analyses, as well as Mann-Kendall trend test...

Author(s):AUDU Moses Owoicho and OKEKE Francisca Nneka

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Preparation and characterization of Holmium doped borate glass

Holmium doped borate glasses were prepared by conventional rapid melt-quench method. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) pattern indicates the amorphous nature of Holmium doped borate glass. Photoluminescence spectrum gives an idea of the optical properties of Holmium doped borate glass. Determination and differentiation of the various vibrational modes were done using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...

Author(s):Deepa A. V., Priya M. and Suresh S.

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Design, green synthesis and reactions of 2,3-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxaline-6 sulfonohydrazide derivatives

2,3-Dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxaline-6-sulfonohydrazide and its derivatives were synthesized and characterize by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and mass spectrometry analytical methods. The 2,3-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxaline-6-sulfonyl hydrazide (compound 1), was synthesized from the reaction of o-phenylenediamine with oxalic acid to obtain quinoxaline-2,3-dione, which was subjected to chlorosulfonation with chlorosulfonic...

Author(s):Festus O. Taiwo and Craig A. Obafemi

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Overview of atmospheric physics to study climate variability, greenhouse gas impact and atmospheric temperature profile

Atmospheric Physics is a fascinating scientific discipline, presents a comprehensive coverage of global meteorology and climatology. It has provided essentially a viable means for tackling environmental issues, key to vital and challenging problems facing weather and climate predictions. This Paper discusses a basic understanding of atmospheric physics as an essential field behind issues of current concern on climate...

Author(s):Anoruo C. M., Okoro E. C., Okpala K. C., Orji P. O., Sivla W. T. and Robert J. J.

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Improvements of corrosion resistance of Nickel–titanium (NiTi) orthopedic materials by inductively coupled radio frequency plasma

Nickel–titanium shape memory alloys (NiTi) are relatively special group of metallic biomaterials. Extraordinary properties of NiTi shape memory alloys are widely employed in medical applications (orthopedics, orthodontics, urology, etc.) owing to their desirable properties, such as superelasticity, relatively low modulus and good corrosion resistance. Furthermore, toxicity and carcinogenesis of Ni ions released from NiTi...

Author(s):Fayez Mahmoud El-Hossary, Sayed Mohammed Khalil, Magdy Abdel Wahab Kassem, Medhat Abed EL Lateef and Khaled Lotfy

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Impedance, AC conductivity and modulus analysis of bis (2-amino-4-methylpyridinium) tetrachloridozincate (II) compound

In this paper, we report the measurement of impedance spectroscopy for the bis(2-amino-4-methylpyridinium) tetrachloridozincate (II) compound in the frequency range 209 Hz to 5 MHz with the temperature ranging from 308 up to 368 K. The impedance plots have shown semicircle arcs at different temperatures and an electrical equivalent circuit has been proposed to explain the impedance results. Detailed analysis of the...

Author(s):M. Hamdi, R. Elwej, M. Benamira, M. Megdiche and F. Hlel

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Measurement of electromagnetic fields (EMF) from mobile phone base stations in Abeokuta, Ogun State, South-Western Nigeria

The possible hazardous health effects of exposure of humans to electromagnetic radiations (EMR) emitted from mobile phone base station has caused concern to the general public. The concerns on the perceived negative effects of EMF radiations from mobile phone base transceivers led to agitations against the erection of base transceiver stations (BTS). Therefore, the measurement of levels of electromagnetic field (EMF)...

Author(s):Taiwo T. K., Alausa S. K., Oluwafisoye P. A., Adegbile A. A., Bayode O. P. and Ilori A. O.

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Plastics: The good, the bad and the ugly

Plastics’ demand and consumption is on the increase since 1950s due to their unique properties. Their high use coupled with challenges in end-of-use handling and their inherent resistance to degradation has led to their accumulation in the environment, which is a matter of grave concern. This review presents a general overview of the state of knowledge of the diverse faces of plastics with special reference to...

Author(s):Kamweru Paul K.and Tindibale Edward L.

Production Stage: Proof Stage

The structural properties of composites ZnS1-xCux thin films prepared by laser ablation

The prepared samples of thin-film composite by laser ablation method were achieved. Powders of zinc slfide with copper of weight ratios x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8wt% were mixed and then compressed by approximately 10 t. The samples were ablated by using Neodymium-YAG laser with 1000 mJ and 700 pulses obtained the plasma plume at 10-5 m bar pressure and 250°C. Results were indicated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force...

Author(s):Ali J. Khalaf and Faisal A. Mustafa

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Mathematical models used in the prediction of deaths due to fire accident in Taraba State, Nigeria

This research is concerned with the application and comparison of mathematical models for predicting deaths due to fire accident in Taraba State. This research was carried out because it was observed that whenever fire accident occurs, it claims lives and properties. Data were collected for the period of ten (10) years from 2005 to 2014 from Fire Service Board, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. Various models, such as...

Author(s):Okorie, C. E., Dauda, A. A, Adubisi, O. D., Ben, O. J. and Mom Titus T.

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Characterization prime and weakly prime left ideals in near left almost rings (nLA-rings)

The purpose of this paper was to introduce the notion of weakly prime left ideals in near left almost rings by studying, prime and weakly prime left ideals in near left almost rings (nLA-rings). Those are extended from prime and weakly prime ideals, respectively. Some characterizations of prime and weakly prime left ideals are obtained. Moreover, the relationships between prime and weakly prime left ideals in nLA-rings...

Author(s):Pairote Yiarayong

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Novel chemical sensor for adsorption of NH3 on graphene surface: A density functional theory (DFT) study

In this research, the effects of the Ni-doped, single vacancy (SV), double vacancy (DV), stone wells (STV) defects and electric-field (EF) on the adsorption of NH3 molecules on the surface of graphene are investigated by using the first-principles calculation. For this purpose, at first step we consider different configurations models, and then all selected models are optimized for this study. From optimized structures the...

Author(s):M. Rakhshi and M. Rezaei Sameti

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Regression methods in the presence of heteroscedasticity and outliers

It has been observed over the years that real life data are usually non-conforming to the classical linear regression assumptions. One of the stringent assumptions that is unlikely to hold in many applied settings is that of homoscedasticity. When homogenous variance in a normal regression model is not appropriate, invalid standard inference procedure may result from the improper estimation of standard error when the...

Author(s):A. Adedayo Adepoju, Tayo P. Ogundunmade and Kayode B. Adebayo

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Risk assessment of exposure to heavy metals in drinking water in Kilimambogo, Kenya

It is very crucial for man to use clean water for drinking, domestic use, agriculture, food production or other purposes, since it has a great impact on health. The concentration levels of Cu, Cd, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb and Zn in borehole and surface water of Kilimambogo region were measured using the atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS). pH of the water samples was also measured on site using a digital pH standard meter. The...

Author(s):Catherine Nyambura, Nadir Omar Hashim and Margaret Wairimu Chege

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Ex-vivo transdermal delivery of Annona squamosa entrapped in niosomes by electroporation

Reactive molecules derived from molecular oxygen and free radicals are commonly known as Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). These molecules have been suggested to produce oxidative stress in cells leading to many pathological problems like diabetes, cancer, inflammation, neurodegenerative disorders, and aging. Antioxidants can remove free radicals from the human body. Therefore, it is of remarkable interest to increase the...

Author(s):Amr A. Abd-Elghany and Ebtsam A. Mohammad

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Design of a narrowband pass unequal power divider using double splintered rectangular ring shape coupled lines with swastika shaped metamaterials (SWMTM)

This paper presents the design of a narrowband pass unequal power divider using double splintered rectangular ring shape coupled lines. The substrate material used between the power divider and the ground is of Rogers RT 5880 (lossy) with a relative permittivity of 2.2. The shape used in design makes the power divider more efficient. The device works at 5.9 GHz with the insertion loss of -3.4 dB at one port and -5.02 dB at...

Author(s):K. Viswanadha and N. S. Raghava

Production Stage: Acceptance Stage

Liquid-liquid extraction of Zr(IV) from sulphuric acid medium using tri-n-octyl amine in kerosene

The extraction behaviour of Zr(IV) with tri-n-octyl amine (TOA) in kerosene has been studied through a novel method solvent extraction. The mechanism of extraction and the species extracted have been identified. Quantitative extraction of Zr(IV) with TOA was achieved in kerosene by changing different parameters such as acid variation, diluent effect, metal concentration variation, extractant variation, effect of chloride...

Author(s):J. Swain, A. Sahoo and B. C. Bhatta

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Electro-generated low-band-gap conjugated polymer based on Benzothidiazole

Poly (4,7-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole) (PBEDT) a novel low – band – gap polymer has been synthesised by electro-polymerisation of a trimer composed of precursors ethylenedioxythiophene combined with 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole. The Ultraviolet–visible (UV-V) is spectrum of the trimer in chloroform solution gave two absorption bands with peaks at 323 nm and another at 482 nm with an onset...

Author(s):Athanasius Justin Mānji

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Influence of the Reynolds number on the parietal exchanges of a paraboloidal retention pond full of water in forced convection

In this work, the authors study the influence of the Reynolds number on the heat and mass transfers in an interface air- water of a parabolic pond of retention full of water in forced convection. The free surface of the pond is crossed by a forced warm air. In the water, the vorticity-stream function is adopted. To resolve the equations in the air which are constituted by a mixture dry air and of steam, the hypotheses of...

Author(s):Pierre Faye, Mamadou Saliou Diallo, Mamadou Seck Gueye and Joseph Sarr

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Solutions of the space-time fractional of some nonlinear systems of partial differential equations by using modified extended direct algebraic method

In this work, we handle the space – time fractional of classical Drinfeld's Sokolov – Wilson system, the fractional (2+1) – dimensional Davey–Stewartson system and the fractional generalized Hirota- Satsuma coupled KdV systemto solve analytically. Firstly, we use fractional traveling wave transformations to convert fractional nonlinear partial differential equations to nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Next,...

Author(s):A. R. Shehata and H. A. Kareem

Production Stage: Proof Stage

The two-variable )-expansion method for solving the nonlinear potential Boussinesq and ZKBBM equations

We apply the two-variable )--expansion method to construct new exact traveling wave solutions with parameters of the nonlinear potential Boussinesq and ZKBBM equations. This method can be thought of as the generalization of the well-known )---expansion method given recently by Wang and co-workers (2008). When the parameters are replaced by special values, the well-known solitary wave solutions of this equation are...

Author(s):A. R. Shehata and J. A. A. AL-Nasrawi

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