Articles

 

Page 1 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56511 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Temperature effects on cooked food in the tropics: A case study of local soups in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria

This study examined the effects of temperature on cooked food in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. It utilized the survey research design. Primary data about cooked food conditions between hours of reheating were generated from women in the area using copies of checklist. Temperature data were collected for a period of one year from Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Delta State University, Abraka. The data were...

Author(s): Nwagbara M. O., Obisesan A. and Ozabor F.  

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
A comparative study on stability of different types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil against autoxidation and photo-oxidation

This study aimed to compare the stability of five types of coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil available in Sri Lanka. The types of coconut oil studied were coconut pairing oil (CPO), white coconut oil (WCO), refined bleached and deodorized coconut oil (RBDCO), virgin coconut oil (VCO) and coconut oil (CO). Oils were exposed to elevated temperature (60±5°C) in the presence of excess air or oxygen to induce...

Author(s): Subajiny Sivakanthan, Dilini Bopitiya and Terrence Madhujith  

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Isolation and identification of probiotic Lactobacillus species from traditional drink kunun-zaki fortified with paddy rice and sweet potatoes

The present study was conducted to determine the probiotic properties of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Kunun-zaki processed with different thickeners. Kunun-zaki was processed using 50:50 and 80:20 millet and sorghum. A total of seven isolates that is, Lactobacillus (Lb.) lactis, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis, Lb. acidophilus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus delbrueckii and...

Author(s): Victor-Aduloju A. T. , Anyamene C., Ogbu K. N. and Ishiwu C. N.

September 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) from Central Malawi

In this study, proximate composition, physical characteristics and mineral content of fruit, pulp and seeds of Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) fruits from Bunda forests in Central Malawi were determined. Proximate composition included crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber, while physical characteristics included mass, length, thickness of whole fruit and kernels and minerals included potassium, magnesium, manganese,...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa, Kingsley Masamba and Macdonald Jose  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factor in Jimma Horro District, Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia

Trypanosomosis is a serious disease that causes a significant production loss in cattle. A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma Horro District of Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia to determine prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine trypanosomosis from October 2016 to October 2017. Blood samples from randomly selected 384 cattle of both sex and different age group were collected and examined with...

Author(s): Dereje Tulu, Surra Gebeyehu, Negash Aseffa and Chaluma Negera  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Potential in a collection of adapted and exotic tropical maize inbred lines as resistance source for stem borers

Lepidopteran borers are the most devastating field pests of maize in West and Central Africa. In view of the rapidly changing climate which favours an upsurge of more destructive biotypes of insect pests, diverse sources of resistance from different genetic backgrounds need to be harnessed for crop improvement purposes. Forty tropical maize inbreds comprising adapted and exotic lines from International Institute of...

Author(s): Qudrah Olaitan Oloyede-Kamiyo, Sam Oyewole Ajala and Anthony Oluwatoyosi Job  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Agro-morphological characterization of some taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.) germplasms in Ghana

Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott.) is one of the underutilized crops in Ghana which has great potential in terms of food and nutritional value. Eighteen (18) accessions collected from Samoa (8), Malaysia (2), Indonesia (2) and Ghana (6) were studied under field conditions to collect data on their agro-morphological characteristics and yield potential for the development of the crop. The study was conducted at...

Author(s): R. Boampong, L. M. Aboagye, D. Nyadanu and M. Esilfie  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Varietal screening for resistance against field and storage crop pests: An implication for Ethiopian crop variety development

Food security in developing countries like Ethiopia has been a challenge for many years due to pre and post-harvest losses of agricultural products which are caused by different biotic and abiotic factors.  Grain losses from pest infestation prior to harvest and during storage are a serious problem, particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia. More than 70% insect pests have been identified; they attack...

Author(s): Muez Berhe Gebremdein  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Antioxidants activity of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) fusiformis cultivated in a low-cost medium

Spirulina species are known to have a good nutritional profile and antioxidant properties against reactive oxygen species. However, little is known about the antioxidant contents and the scavenging ability of Arthrospira fusiformis, cultivated under various conditions. This study aimed at evaluating the content of antioxidants (total phenols, total flavonoids, β-carotene, and lycopene) and the activity of A....

Author(s): Angelina Michael, Margareth S. Kyewalyanga, Matern S. Mtolera and Charles V. Lugomela  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional potential of underutilized gum arabic tree seeds (acacia nilotica) and locust bean seeds (Parkia biglobosa)

Acacia nilotica seed (ANS) and Parkia biglobosa seed (PBS) are underutilised legume found to have health benefits and functional properties. This study determined nutrient composition of A. nilotica and P. biglobosa seeds. ANS and PBS were collected and processed properly for chemical analysis. The proximate, minerals, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and antinutrient composition were analyzed to ascertain nutritional...

Author(s): Ajayi K., Adepoju O. T., Taiwo O. M., Omojola S. T. and Aladetuyi M. E.  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characteristics of cashew milk formulated yoghurt

Cashew yoghurt was formulated using cashew kernel milk. The physicochemical, microbiological and organoleptic assessment of the resulting product was examined and compared with commercial yoghurts. Results indicated that crude protein of 16.8% for cashew milk yoghurt compared favorably with 14.82% of commercial yoghurt. Caloric value of cashew yoghurt (133.06 kJ) was higher than that obtained for commercial yoghurts...

Author(s): Jayeola Olayinka, Yahaya Eugene, Ogunwolu Olalekan, Igbinadolor Richard and Mokwunye Chuka  

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Small ruminant production and constraints in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia with aim of assessing the production and challenges of small ruminant animals. Data was collected via questionnaire, interview and group discussion. For the study, 4 Kebeles were taken randomly and from each kebele, 20 households were selected purposively based on the experience and involvement of small ruminant production. The result indicated that...

Author(s): Shigute Etalema and Anja Abera

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Ethiopian native chicken productivity, aims of production and breeding practices across agro-climatic zones

This study was conducted to characterize flock size, composition, productivity, motivational drivers, and breed selection criteria in village chicken production systems of lowlands, midlands, and highlands of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland, and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview...

Author(s): Zemelak Goraga, Cassio Wilbert and Luizinho Caron

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimensions for Apis mellifera Scutellata honeybee race in western Ethiopia

A study was conducted at Assosa and Mao-komo districts of Benishangul-gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, aiming to determine the bee spacing and cell dimensions of honeybee race Apis mellifera scutellata. The measurement of bee spacing and cell dimensions were taken from 20 traditional hives at each agro-ecology. Assosa and Mao-komo districts were purposively selected to represent mid-altitude and highland...

Author(s): Mulisa Faji, Alemayehu Abebe, Diribi Mijena, Fekadu Begna and Alayu Tarekegn

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Potential risk factors associated with carcass contamination in slaughterhouse operations and hygiene in Oyo state, Nigeria

Avoiding meat contamination at slaughterhouses is crucial for food safety; consumers’ awareness and concern for the type of food they eat has attracted global attention and redirected research interests towards food safety. The practical hygiene in the slaughterhouse operations play key role in the safety and wholesomeness of meat. A cross sectional survey was carried out on 60 slaughterhouses in Ibadan, Oyo and...

Author(s): Fasanmi O. G., Makinde G. E. O., Popoola M. A., Fasina O. F., Matere J., Kehinde O. O, Balogun F. A. and Ogundare S. T.

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark districts, North West Ethiopia

This study examined and identified the determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark district. In order to meet the objective descriptive, multiple logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The results of multiple logistic regressions showed that health center, place of residence, marital status, access to media, environmental...

Author(s): Mebetu Gebre Demozie, Kidanemariam Alem Berhie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Review on the epidemiological features of equine Endoparasites in Ethiopia

Equines contributed a lot to the livelihood of Ethiopian people in terms of income generation, public transport, ploughing, threshing and ambulatory service for sick humans and animals, however various health problems hamper their contributions and of which endoparasitism is the major one. A number of epidemiological studies conducted in different part of Ethiopia point out the burden and type of endoparasites...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie and Bamlaku Andarge  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Statistical model of weight outcome among college students

The issue of weight outcome is a common problem across all ages in the world, regardless of being a male or female. Studies show  that its cause is more associated with insufficient physical activities due to technological addicts and improper eating habits. However, this study sought to find out whether the predictors by authorities are in existent among college students in this part of the country. In a cross...

Author(s): Maxwell Seyram Kumah, Awuitor Godwin Kofi, Dorkenoo Bridget Aku and Kumi John Newton

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Evaluation of metacestode of Taenia solium antigens for detection of anti-cysticercal IgG among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda

Neurocysticercosis causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries including Uganda. The aim of the study was to evaluate the metacestodes of Taenia solium (T. solium) antigens for detection of anticysticercal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda. Three hundred (300) random samples were screened for anticysticercal IgG using...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Moses Lotokome Joloba, Walter Onen Yagos  and Emmanuel Odongo Aginya  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal clinic attendants in selected public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institution based cross sectional study

Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy aimed in promoting timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. It also facilitates active preparation and decision making for delivery by pregnant women. The aim of this study was to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness plans of antenatal clinic attendees in selected public Hospitals of Addis Ababa. Institution based...

Author(s): Hawi Chala, Sahilu Asseged, Demelash Woldeyohannes and Yohannes Tekalegn

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Cancer survival in Brazil: Estimate through the mortality to incidence ratio

Information about cancer incidence, mortality and survival is one of the pillars for disease monitoring. In Brazil, only a few studies show population-based survival. The mortality to incidence ratio (M:I) is an indirect measure of cancer survival and can be used to estimate a population cancer survival. To calculate the mortality to incidence ratios (M:I), an official information for incidence and mortality rates in...

Author(s): Rejane de Souza Reis and Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Health problems related to algal bloom among seaweed farmers in coastal areas of Tanzania

There is a scarcity of research-based data on the factors associated with skin irritation due to algal blooms in seaweed farming. Changes in temperature with an increase in nutrients levels lead to the growth of harmful algal blooms, which produce many active metabolites, some of which induce toxic responses in human including skin irritation. The objective of this study was to identify health problems experienced by...

Author(s): Aziza, H. Said, , , Flower, E. Msuya, Margareth, S. Kyewalyanga, Aviti, J. Mmochi, Evalyn, W. Mwihia, Eystein Skjerve, Helena, A. Ngowi and Jan, L. Lyche

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
An observational and questionnaire based study on principles of herd health management on Jimma University dairy farms

The study was in Jimma University dairy farm with objective to assess the dairy management aspects of Jimma University dairy farm and to identify the herd health problems of the dairy farm. Ethiopia has a large number of livestock populations and holds the 1st rank in Africa. Despite the huge number of cattle and their economic importance, the productivity is low due to constraints of disease, nutrition, poor...

Author(s): Semayat Oyda and Teferi Mandado  

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Evaluation of the therapeutic and toxicological knowledge of herbalists on the most notified plants in the poison control and pharmacovigilance center of Morocco

According to the World Health Organization, 80% of the population in developing countries is engaged in traditional medicine. Consequently, the issue of poisoning by plants is not negligible. The objective of this study is to evaluatethe therapeutic and toxicological knowledge of herbalists of the most reported plants in the anti-poison center of Morocco. Field study by direct interview with 20 herbalists of the...

Author(s): Imane Zakariya, Jihane Ifezouane, Amal Addaoui, Souad Skalli and Yassir Bouslimane

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
The Mexican mistletoe Struthanthus venetus (HBK Blume) inhibits proliferation and synergizes antagonistic actions of Tamoxifen and Fulvestrant in breast cancer MCF-7 cells

Mistletoes are hemi-parasitic plants widely distributed around the world, used in folk medicine to treat many diseases including diabetes, hypertension, menopausal syndrome and as complementary or adjuvant treatment for cancer. The objective of the present work was the evaluation of oestrogenic activity of hydromethanolic extract of mistletoe Struthanthus venetus dried leaves (StvHME), to evaluate its potential benefits...

Author(s): Marte Lorenzana-Jiménez, María Estela Avila, Alejandra Figueroa, Lorena Mendiola-Almaraz, Gil Alfonso Magos Guerrero and Cristina Lemini  

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Protective effect of ethanolic extract of Cucurbita maxima (PUMPKIN) leaf on acetaminophen-induced acute liver toxicity

Ethanolic extract of dried leaves of Cucurbita maxima (Pumpkin) were screened for their phytochemical composition. The in vitro antioxidant property was determined by assessing the free radical (DPPH) scavenging activity. Twenty rats divided into four groups were used for this study with group 4 pre-treated with the extract and later intoxicated with 2 g/kg single dose of acetaminophen. The hepatoprotective effect of...

Author(s): Michael Okey Enemali, Titilayo Oluwayemisi Bamidele and Mohammed Abdullahi Ubana

August 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Enteric bacterial communities associated with the Omubhira Stream in Kakamega County, Kenya

The present study was undertaken to establish the distribution and diversity of enteric bacterial communities along the Omubhira stream and also determine if physico-chemical parameters influence their distribution in water in terms of total coliforms (TC) and Escherichia coli. Stratified random sampling was used and four strata with 15 selected sampling sites identified along the stream. Selection of the sampling sites...

Author(s): Menya A. A., Shivoga A. W. and Wawire S. A.

August 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Physicochemical analysis and microbial quality of cow butter obtained from Menz district of Amhara region, Ethiopia

Menz has long been known for its quality butter production but traditional milk products are generally reported to be of substandard quality. Therefore, this investigation was conducted to access physiochemical and microbial quality of butter from Menz district along the market value chain. The study was conducted by using laboratory analysis of physiochemical and microbial quality. The microbiological count data were...

Author(s): Lina Gazu, Tewodros Eshete and Getachew Kassa  

August 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Investigation of magnetic anomalies of Abakaliki area, Southeastern Nigeria, using high resolution aeromagnetic data

Aeromagnetic data over Abakaliki area of lower Benue trough, Nigeria was interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively using Oasis montaj software. The qualitative interpretation unveiled basic intrusive bodies like dykes, laccolites and batholitic bodies in the area. It also revealed fault zone which trends southeastern part of the study area. Quantitative interpretation was carried out by forward and inverse modeling,...

Author(s): Daniel N. Obiora, Julius I. Idike, Andrew I. Oha, Chijioke G. Soronnadi-Ononiwu, Ngozi A. Okwesili and Mirianrita N. Ossai  

August 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Interpretation of high resolution aeromagnetic data to determine sedimentary thickness over part of Bida Basin, North Central Nigeria

This study focuses on the quantitative interpretation of aeromagnetic data to estimate the thickness of sediments over part of Bida Basin so as to identify possible areas of hydrocarbon potential. The study area covers an area of 24,200 km2 located between latitude 8° 30ꞌN and 9° 30ꞌN and longitudes 5° 00ꞌE and 7° 00ꞌE. Aeromagnetic data in grid format containing eight sheets were analysed and...

Author(s): Oke I. Okwokwo, Adebayo A. Adetona, Taiwo Adewumi and  Sunday O. Adeniran  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Technological gaps of agricultural extension: Mismatch between demand and supply in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

This paper examines technological challenges of the agricultural extension in North Gondar Zone of Ethiopia. Understanding technological gaps in public agricultural extension helps to devise demand driven and compatible technologies to existing contexts of farmers. The study used cross sectional survey using quantitative and qualitative techniques. Data were generated from primary and secondary sources using household...

Author(s): Genanew Agitew, Sisay Yehuala, Asegid Demissie and Abebe Dagnew  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors affecting paddy farmers' perception of utilizing agricultural machines in Indonesia

This paper aims to identify factors affecting farmers’ negative perception on utilizing rice transplanters and combine harvesters. To this end, data obtained from interview survey in the westernmost part of Java Island, Banten Province was analyzed, where agricultural labor wages increase at a faster pace as compared to other regions and a rapid diffusion of agricultural mechanization is anticipated. The...

Author(s): Ani Pullaila, Eka Rastiyanto Amrullah, Yati Astuti and Akira Ishida  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The efficacy of Ovopet® in the treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs

Hip dysplasia is a widespread condition that can affect dogs of all ages. Hip dysplasia is caused by a subluxation in the hip joint. This leads to the development of osteoarthritis that causes inflammation and pain. At this sight, the efficacy of a supplement with Ovopet®, eggshell membrane, was evaluated together with its tolerability and safety. Forty client-owned medium sized arthritic dogs were treated daily for...

Author(s): Andrés Aguirre, Erena Gil-Quintana, Marisa Fenaux, Nuria Sanchez and Celina Torre  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A study of Newcastle disease virus in poultry from live bird markets and backyard flocks in Kenya

A countrywide cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the presence of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in poultry in live bird markets (LBMs) and backyard poultry farms in Kenya. A total of nine hundred and twenty two (922) poultry in backyard flocks and four hundred and fifty four (454) poultry in LBMs were examined. Overall, NDV was detected in 10.1% (46/454) of the poultry sampled in live bird markets. In...

Author(s): Irene Nafula Ogali, Erick Ouma Mungube, Jacqueline Kasiiti Lichoti, Moses Were Ogugo and Sheila Cecily Ommeh  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Participatory on farm evaluation of improved mungbean technologies in the low land areas of North Shewa Zone Amhara Region, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in four selected potential areas of North Shewa zone namely; Kewot, Efratana gidim, Ensaro and Merhabete district. The main objective of the study was to evaluate, select the best performing mungbean varieties and to assess farmer’s technology preference. The experiment was done using three improved varieties namely; Rasa (N-26), NLV-1, and Arkebe improved varieties and local variety as a...

Author(s): Yehuala Kassa, Daneil Admasu, Abiro Tigabe, Amsalu Abie and Dejene Mamo  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of constraints in production of root and tuber crops in Ethiopia: Overview of policy neglected climate resilient food security crops

The objective of the current study was to examine the major constraints in production of root and tuber crops in Ethiopia with emphasis on identifying the policy gaps. This appraisal was based on survey report of Central Statistical Agency (CSA) for the period of 2011 to 2015. Data of CSA report was chosen for the current study with the view to gain an overview of policy packages in root crops in contrast with other...

Author(s): Semeredin Yimer and Tsegaye  Babege  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Effects of marketing costs on gross margin: Evidence from guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

This study assessed the effects of marketing costs on the gross margin of guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. The main aim of the study is not to only obtain precise costs and margins estimates for the conventional marketing functions of guinea corn, but rather to make the result of the analyses usable to devise a policy framework for an effective marketing strategy and improvement in the efficiency...

Author(s): G. O. Onogwu, Osayi, Chinwe Prisca and K. I. Okeke-Agulu  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Estimating pastoralists’ willingness to pay for artificial insemination in arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya

Effective promotion of artificial insemination (AI) by private providers in pastoral areas requires stakeholders’ opinion in shaping the direction of their adoption. A structured questionnaire was administered to 384 pastoralists in Kajiado and Narok counties, Kenya to elicit data on willingness to pay for AI services. Double bounded contingent valuation methodology was adapted in computing their willingness to...

Author(s): Dickson Nangabo Khainga, Gideon Obare and John Nyangena  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of smallholder indigenous chicken farmers’ market participation decisions and value of sales in Gulu district

Indigenous chicken play an important role in the livelihoods of the rural poor in developing countries. They not only act as a source of nutrition but also supplement household incomes. Despite the tremendous market opportunities available for the farmers, there are still low levels of market participation for indigenous chicken farmers in Gulu district and other parts of Uganda. In light of this, a research study was...

Author(s): Irene L. Akidi , Stephen K. Wamala and Basil Mugonola  

August 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The Importance of financial reporting to capital market development in Ghana

The finance literature suggest that investment decisions are largely influenced by the quality of corporate financial information released by firms in their financial statements, and that capital market participants use corporate financial information released by firms for investment decisions. Factors that influence the development of capital markets in developing markets include: appropriate legal and regulatory...

Author(s): Williams Abayaawien Atuilik and Hussein Salia  

August 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia: Does foreign aid and policy complementarity matter?

The main research question here is to address drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia using the time series data from 1970 to 2016 where the complementarity of aid and policy index is critically assessed. The empirical result from cointegration test confirms the existence of long run relationship among the variables entered in the per capita growth equation. In the long run, foreign aid inflow entered alone has a...

Author(s): Kitessa Delessa Terefe  

August 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
The effect of variation of dimensions of solar reflectors on solar enhanced model pond

Waste water stabilization pond is a simple way of treating waste water but one of its limitations is that it requires large area of land to be efficient. This study employed the use of solar reflectors to improve the efficiency of waste water stabilization pond by investigating the effect of variation of solar reflectors on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the pond. To achieve this, three model ponds...

Author(s): Onuchukwu O. J. C., Agunwamba J. C. and Shimbayev M. A.  

August 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Quantifying the impact of integrated watershed management on groundwater availability in Gerduba watershed, Yabello district, Ethiopia

Integrated watershed management has a positive impact on groundwater balance. However, most parts of the study area particularly, Borana is the one which is suffering from severe rangeland degradation. Among others, heavy grazing, bush encroachment, gully expansion, topsoil fertility loss, sedimentation and less adequate water availability account for the greatest noticeable rangeland degradation phenomena. Due to...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele and Mihret Dananto  

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Evaluation of socio-economic factors influencing exploitation of non-timber forest products in Tanzania

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) constitute an important source of livelihood for millions of people from forest fringe communities across the world. This study was conducted to identify main NTFPs used by local communities around Nyanganje Forest Reserve (NFR) which is within the Eastern Arc Mountains in Kilombero district, Tanzania. Furthermore, the study aimed at determining socio-economic factors influencing...

Author(s): Mhuji Kilonzo, Barakaeli Abdiel Ndossi, Dickson Mauki and Paulo Okumu Ochanga  

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary, Ethiopia

This study aimed to investigate perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary. Questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and observation were employed to collect data. A total of 196 households participated in the questionnaire survey. The findings revealed that the local communities of SSHS had unfavorable perceptions and attitude...

Author(s): Azmeraw Alemkere  

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Outlier based selection and accuracy updating of digital elevation models for urban area projects

Continuing degradation of urban environments of developing economies results from failure to make decisions based on scientific methods that employ accurate digital elevation models (DEM) in modelling environmental phenomena such as flooding and erosion. Data dumping and wastage occur if fresh DEM are required for every new project ignoring existing data. Every DEM to be used for modelling may be accepted as is, updated...

Author(s): Akajiaku C. Chukwuocha

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Management status and perception of post quarried sites in Ndarugu Kiambu, Kenya

In recent times, rapid changes in buildings and infrastructural development have increased demand for construction materials. Ndarugu quarries located about 35 km north of Nairobi CBD are among the main sources of building materials in Kenya. The visible evidence of stone mining are the post-quarried sites scarred along the Ndarugu ridge, which has altered the original land condition and continues to affect people who...

Author(s): Stephen Waringo Waweru, John Bosco Njoroge and Aggrey Ochieng Adimo

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Optimization of bio gas production from slaughterhouse wastes

This study focuses on the production of biogas from slaughter house waste to generate optimal methane yield which has high calorific value under optimum temperature, pH and substrate proportion (blood, manure and undigested food material). In this study, two different kinds of experiment were done. The first experiment was carried out to determine the pH, total solid, volatile solid and ash content of each type of waste...

Author(s): Genet Tsegaye, Birhanu Asefa and Solomon Kiros  

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of intestinal helminths among undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, Southwestern, Nigeria

A cross section study of the prevalence and knowledge of intestinal helminths was investigated among the newly admitted undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria between April and June 2016. Faecal samples from 767 subjects comprising 406 males and 361 females were collected and processed using modified kato-katz method. Eggs of four helminths, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris...

Author(s): Salawu Saheed Adekola, Ojo Olawale Mayowa and Awosolu Oluwaseun  Bunmi  

August 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of PID keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy, culture as gold standard. The USS, high...

Author(s): Eze J. C., Ohagwu C. C., Ugwuanyi D. C., Chiegwu H. U. and Onyeugbo E.  

Page 1 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56511 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50