Articles

 

Page 2 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56530 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary, Ethiopia

This study aimed to investigate perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary. Questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and observation were employed to collect data. A total of 196 households participated in the questionnaire survey. The findings revealed that the local communities of SSHS had unfavorable perceptions and attitude...

Author(s): Azmeraw Alemkere  

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Outlier based selection and accuracy updating of digital elevation models for urban area projects

Continuing degradation of urban environments of developing economies results from failure to make decisions based on scientific methods that employ accurate digital elevation models (DEM) in modelling environmental phenomena such as flooding and erosion. Data dumping and wastage occur if fresh DEM are required for every new project ignoring existing data. Every DEM to be used for modelling may be accepted as is, updated...

Author(s): Akajiaku C. Chukwuocha

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Management status and perception of post quarried sites in Ndarugu Kiambu, Kenya

In recent times, rapid changes in buildings and infrastructural development have increased demand for construction materials. Ndarugu quarries located about 35 km north of Nairobi CBD are among the main sources of building materials in Kenya. The visible evidence of stone mining are the post-quarried sites scarred along the Ndarugu ridge, which has altered the original land condition and continues to affect people who...

Author(s): Stephen Waringo Waweru, John Bosco Njoroge and Aggrey Ochieng Adimo

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Optimization of bio gas production from slaughterhouse wastes

This study focuses on the production of biogas from slaughter house waste to generate optimal methane yield which has high calorific value under optimum temperature, pH and substrate proportion (blood, manure and undigested food material). In this study, two different kinds of experiment were done. The first experiment was carried out to determine the pH, total solid, volatile solid and ash content of each type of waste...

Author(s): Genet Tsegaye, Birhanu Asefa and Solomon Kiros  

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of intestinal helminths among undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, Southwestern, Nigeria

A cross section study of the prevalence and knowledge of intestinal helminths was investigated among the newly admitted undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria between April and June 2016. Faecal samples from 767 subjects comprising 406 males and 361 females were collected and processed using modified kato-katz method. Eggs of four helminths, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris...

Author(s): Salawu Saheed Adekola, Ojo Olawale Mayowa and Awosolu Oluwaseun  Bunmi  

August 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of PID keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy, culture as gold standard. The USS, high...

Author(s): Eze J. C., Ohagwu C. C., Ugwuanyi D. C., Chiegwu H. U. and Onyeugbo E.  

August 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Focused antenatal care: Re-appraisal of current practices

Focused antenatal care has been viewed to be a better option to the previously existing orthodox model of antenatal care. The orthodox antenatal care otherwise known as traditional model of antenatal care requires a number of routine and frequent visits by pregnant women to the healthcare facility. This traditional model of antenatal care has been observed to require numerous materials such as financial and human...

Author(s): T. Ebunoluwa Oshinyemi, J. Ojo Aluko and O. Abimbola Oluwatosin  

August 2018

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Comparative evaluation of short and long term in vitro antibacterial activity of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium enriched mixture cement"

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the short and long term antibacterial effects of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) on Streptococcus Sanguinis and Enterococcus faecalis which are commonly associated with endodontic infections. The test materials, including white MTA (WMTA), gray (GMTA), and CEM were manipulated strictly in accordance with the...

Author(s): H. Shahabinejad  

August 2018

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Genotype × environment interaction and stability of oil content of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

The experiment, for oil content analysis, was conducted for two growing seasons under rain fed condition (2012-2013) in Humera and Dansha, and in a single year (2013 cropping season) in Sheraro (a total of five environments). The experiment, comprised of 13 sesame genotypes, laid out in randomized complete block design of three replications with the objective of determining the magnitude of Genotype × Environment...

Author(s): Fiseha Baraki and Gebrelibanos Gebremariam

August 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Aflatoxin B1 contamination in raw peanuts sold in Maputo City, Mozambique and associated factors

Peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) are consumed worldwide including Mozambique, due to good taste, high nutritional value and easy accessibility. When found in suitable conditions of humidity and high temperature, a fungus of the genus Aspergillus can contaminate peanuts and produce toxic secondary metabolites called "aflatoxins" (AFs) which are not destroyed by usual thermal processes, causing aflatoxicosis...

Author(s): Delfina Fernandes Hlashwayo  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Popularization of Koekoek poultry breed for enhancing livelihood of poor households: A case of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Demonstration of Koekoek breed was conducted at Raya-Azebo and Enda-Mehoni Woredas with 10 poor households with the objective of increasing the productivity of poultry thereby improving livelihood of the resource poor farmers in Ethiopia. Koekoek breed had significantly (P<0.05) superior on number of eggs laid per clutch (26 egg/clutch) as compared to local breed (15 egg/clutch). Beside this, the Koekoek breed is...

Author(s): Temesgen Tesfay, Hagos Kidane, Tesfay Atsebha, Teshale Teklu, Solomon Wayu, Adehanom Baraki, Yekalo Teklay, Zebrhe Teklay, Haileselassie Amare and Zelealem Tesfay  

August 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Farmer’s perception of soil and watershed degradation and the assessment of soil nutrients status under agroforestry systems in the Western Highlands of Cameroon: Case of Ako sub division

The objective of this study was to assess farmers’ perception regarding the activities which degrade the soil and watershed and to analyze soil nutrients status under different agroforestry systems. The aim of the study was to identify and promote locally-known agroforestry-based practices for soil and watershed conservation in the savannah highland area of Cameroon. Semi-structured questionnaires were...

Author(s): Njini Loveline Munjeb, Yerima Bernard Palmer Kfuban and Avana Tientcheu Marie Louise  

August 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Characterization of soils under major land uses in Chencha District, South Ethiopia

Assessing land use induced changes in soil properties is essential for addressing the issues of land use planning and sustainable land productivity in highlands of Ethiopia. The surface and profile soil samples were collected from forest (FL) cultivated (CL) and grass/pasture lands (GL) in Doko Yoyira (DY), Aiezo Tula (AT) and Gendona Gembela (GG) in Chencha district, Gamo-Gofa zone in May 2014, which aims to assess...

Author(s): Wakshum Shiferaw Gemeda and Sharma Parshotam Datt  

August 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Seasonality in the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton in Lake Tinishu Abaya (Rift Valley, Ethiopia): The basis for fish production

The present study was undertaken to investigate the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton for Lake Tinishu Abaya to observe the potentiality of the lake water for fish production. The study was carried out from January to December 2016. For the analysis of various physicochemical parameters, water samples collection was taken from two predefined sampling stations (open-water and nearshore). Biomass of...

Author(s): Yirga Enawgaw and Brook Lemma  

August 2018

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels
Effect of some citrus juice concentrates on crude oil emulsion

Crude oil emulsions constitute a major challenge in oil field operations. To resolve this challenge, many researchers have studied crude oil emulsion demulsification patterns in the presence of various demulsifiers. Research is ongoing for discovery of locally sourced biodegradable and inexpensive demulsifiers. The aim of this research is to demusify heavy crude oil emulsion, using locally sourced biodegradable citrus...

Author(s): Folashade Olatunbosun Oyedeji and Moses Callistus Nwode  

August 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Radionuclide concentration: The coal ash effect

Radionuclide concentrations in coal ash, soil mixed with coal ash and soil were determined using the gamma spectroscopic method. The average activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in coal ash samples were found as 35.0, 5.8, and 109.4 Bq/kg, respectively. The average activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soil mixed with coal ash samples varied from 21.2 to 30.8, 48.6 to 82.7, and 162.5 to 180.1...

Author(s): Amakom M. Chijioke, Orji E. Chikwendu, Iroegbu Chinedu, Eke C. Benedict, Nkwoada U. Amarachi, Madu D. Afam, Ugochuwu G. Kosisochukwu and Oforma J. Tochukwu  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Farmers’ synergistic selection criteria and practices for livelihood security through the sustainable uses of on-farm Sorghum landrace diversity, Ethiopia

The relationships among the multiple criteria that farmers in this study area, the north Shewa and south Wollo regions of Ethiopia, use to select which sorghum landraces to grow were examined in order to assess the extent of synergistic relatedness among them as they fulfilled their roles in meeting the farmers’ goals. Surveys were conducted on 300 randomly selected farmers’ fields during the 2011/2012...

Author(s): Awegechew Teshome, Kenneth Torrance and Laura Breuer  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Physiological quality of seeds of shepherd's purse (Zeyheria montana M. Bignoniaceae) as a function of substrate temperature and storage

The present study aimed to investigate the influence of different substrates, temperatures and storage conditions on shepherd's purse seed quality. It was evaluated in germination paper substrates Germitest®, vermiculite, sand and Plantmax®, and roller temperatures of 25, 30, 15-25 and 20-30°C. Longevity was measured by the temporal response to different packaging (paper, plastic and aluminum) and...

Author(s): Sara Dousseau Arantes, Izabel de Souza Chaves, Lúcio de Oliveira Arantes, Amauri Alves de Alvarenga, Rafael Costa de Sant’Ana, Dayane Littig Barker, Daniele Freisleben Lavanhole and Sheila Cristina Prucoli Posse  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agricultural mechanization in small rural properties in the State of Piauí, Brazil

The use of machines in the rural sector increases crop productivity in the field, making it essential to use these technologies for a successful rural enterprise in the market. In this way, this study aimed to analyze the current situation of agricultural mechanization in farms of small producers. The study was conducted in State of Piauí, in Brazil with 30 farmers in the region. This was a quantitative and...

Author(s): Antônio Veimar da Silva, Carla Michelle da Silva, Wagner Rogério Leocádio Soares Pessoa, Milena Almeida Vaz, Karine Matos de Oliveira and Francisco Sérgio  Ribeiro dos Santos  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of chemical and non-chemical weed control practices on weed communities and maize yield in two agroecological zones of Swaziland

Manual weeding, maize-cowpea intercropping, pre-emergence (PRE) and early post-emergence (EPOST) herbicide applications comprised ten weed control practices evaluated in the 2015-16 cropping season on weed species structure and maize (Zea mays L.) yield in the Middleveld and Highveld of Swaziland. The herbicides used were Harness (acetochlor) and Dual Gold (S-metolachlor) as pre-emergence applications and Micro-Tech...

Author(s): T. L. Mncube and H. R. Mloza Banda  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Public policy on the family farming sector in Brazil: Towards a model of sustainable agriculture

This study is based on a review of the literature that analyses the repercussions of the principal public policies established for the promotion of the family farming sector in Brazil. In this review, the processes that have contributed to the establishment of these policies are assessed critically, together with their mechanisms and the connections for the evaluation of their contributions to the promotion of...

Author(s): Flaviana Cavalcanti da Silva, Antonio Lázaro Sant’Ana and Ana Heloisa Maia  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Moisture content, moisture-related properties and agricultural management strategies of the Benue floodplain vertisols in North Cameroon

Vertisols are widespread in North Cameroon, but are undercultivated due to difficulties linked to their shrink-swell behaviour under different moisture conditions. Eighteen vertisol samples from five profiles representative of the studied area (Benue floodplain in North Cameroon) were studied to establish a relationship between moisture and physico-chemical characteristics and supplement data for planning sustainable...

Author(s): Primus Azinwi Tamfuh, Emmanuel Djoufac Woumfo, Emile Temgoua, Alexis Boukong and Dieudonné Bitom  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nitrogen fertilization in Oncidium baueri seedling growth

This study was conducted with the objective of evaluating the nitrogen fertilization in orchid seedling formation. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse environment with a coated polypropylene mesh with retention capacity of 60% of the solar radiation flux at the greenhouse of the Department of Agronomy of State University of Londrina – PR, Brazil. One year old seedlings of the orchid species Oncidium...

Author(s): Jenniffer Aparecida Schnitzer, Osmar Rodrigues Brito and Ricardo Tadeu de Faria  

August 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in Menz Gera Midir District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Menz Gera Midir (Ethiopia) to document medicinal plants and related indigenous knowledge of local people. Data were collected from 72 (12 of them key) informants using semi-structured interview, group discussion and guided field walk. Priority ranking, paired comparison and direct matrix ranking were used in data analysis. A total of 155 medicinal plant species, 104 (67.1%) from natural...

Author(s): Seble W. Yohannis, Zemede Asfaw and Ensermu Kelbessa  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Physical characteristics of colza seeds treated and coated with different filling materials

The knowledge about the physical characteristics of seeds, whether coated or not, is essential for the design of machines and equipment. Therefore, the objective of this work was to determine the physical characteristics of colza (Brassica napus L.) seeds coated with bentonite, gypsum and kaolin, treated with fungicide (carboxin + thiram) and aqueous extract of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). The untreated colza seeds...

Author(s): Bruno Adelino de Melo, Francisco de Assis Cardoso Almeida, Wilton Pereira da Silva, Josivanda Palmeira Gomes, Juliana Ferreira da Silva, Antonio Jackson Ribeiro Barroso, Jaime José da Silveira Barros Neto, Semirames do Nascimento Silva and Polyana Barbosa da Silva

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield and water use efficiency of cauliflower under irrigation different levels in tropical climate

The aim of the present study is to assess the effects of different irrigation blades on the growth and yield of cauliflower cv. Verona CMS. The plants were cultivated in Red-yellow Latosol during the dry period (winter-spring 2014 and 2015), in the Cerrado-Amazon transition region, Middle-Northern of Mato Grasso State, Brazil. The reference evapotranspiration (ETo) was recorded through the Class A pan method by using...

Author(s): Adilson Pacheco de Souza, Andréa Carvalho da Silva, Adriana Aki Tanaka, Manoel Euzébio de Souza, Mariana Pizzatto, Rafaella Teles Arantes Felipe, Charles Campoe Martim, Brena Geliane Ferneda and Suzana Grassi da Silva  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparative analysis of antioxidant activities of different varieties of mangos with some selected fruits

Natural antioxidants and secondary metabolites found in vegetables and fruits play significant role in human health. The juices obtained from fruits and vegetables are more convenient to consume than fresh vegetables and fruits. In the current study, the total phenolic, vitamin C, total carotene and B-carotene content and antioxidant activity of fruits and vegetables juices were determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2picryl...

Author(s): Abdul Ghani Dars, Kai Hu,  Aqleem Abbas  Yashu Chen, Ashfaque Ahmed Khaskheli, Qiudou Liu, Xiaopeng Li, Mamoun A Homaida, Allah Bakhsh Javaid Lakho, Bijun Xie  and Zhida Sun  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation and differential expression of genes conferring drought tolerance in selected maize genotypes in the Morogoro Region of Tanzania

Experiments were conducted at Sokoine University of Agriculture in Morogoro, Tanzania to assess the growth performance and grain yield of ten maize cultivars under well-watered and water stressed conditions. The ten cultivars (CML 444, CML395, CML539, WE 4107, WE 2112, WE 3102, WE 4112 and WE 4116) obtained from Water Efficiency Maize for Africa (WEMA) project and two local market cultivars (‘STAHA’ and...

Author(s): Gertrude G. Kanyairita, Desmond G. Mortley, George T. Muhamba, Marceline Egnin and Conrad K. Bonsi  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A clue for generating a new leucine-rich repeat gene in maize

Plant leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins play an important role in cell adhesion and signaling, neuronal development, disease resistance response and pathogen recognition. Therefore, the origin and evolution of the LRR genes had been studied deeply. However, there were no evidence of generating new LRR genes. In this study, the genomic and amino acid sequences of the LRR genes or proteins were aligned based on Maize GDB...

Author(s): Zheng Yang and Kui Xiang  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of different methods to control invasive alien grass weeds in a degraded area

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of different methods of exotic grass control in a degraded area in the urban area of Diamantina, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experiment was carried out in a randomized block design, with the following methods of control of invasive grasses: T1) manual; T2) mechanical; T3) chemical; and T4) chemical + mechanical. After one hundred days, regenerants of...

Author(s): Leonardo Palhares da Silveira, Danielle Piuzana, Israel Marinho Pereira, Bruno Oliveira Lafetá and José Barbosa dos Santos  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of energy input-output of irrigated rice production in Jere Bowl Borno State, Nigeria

The study analyzed energy input-output of irrigated rice production at the Jere Bowl Borno State, Nigeria. One hundred and thirty farms were sampled through multistage sampling procedure. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and energy equations. The result showed that total of 36,397.85 MJ/ha of energy was consumed in the irrigated rice production with the highest energy input taken up by...

Author(s): Muhammad Wakil, Abubakar Ibrahim, Abba Sidi Shehu Umar and Grema Bukar  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening of local and improved bean varieties for resistance to halo blight disease

The study was conducted to screen local and improved bean varieties for resistance to halo blight disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola. A total of eight improved (Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) 90, Rojo, Zawadi, Mshindi) and local (Mwasipenjele, Masusu, Kabhaya, Mabula) bean varieties were collected from breeders at SUA and farmers at Ileje district in Songwe region. Isolation of P. syringae...

Author(s): Andekelile Mwamahonje  

August 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Cross-cultural adaptation and validation to Brazil of the “Medication Counseling Behavior Guidelines”

This work aimed to translate cross-culturally adapts, and validate the “Medication Counseling Behavior Guidelines” instrument into Brazilian Portuguese. The process of cross-cultural adaptation was carried out using international recommendations. The generated versions were evaluated for the semantic, idiomatic, cultural, and conceptual equivalences and the pre-test was carried out with undergraduate...

Author(s): Anne Caroline Oliveira dos Santos, Felipe Pimentel Paixão, Alessandra Rezende Mesquita, Izadora Menezes da Cunha Barros, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Sabrina Cerqueira Santos, Chiara Ermínia da Rocha, and Divaldo Pereira de Lyra Júnior  

August 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Cytotoxic potential of ethanol extract of Parquetina nigrescens on MCF-7, C4-2WT, HT 29 and HTC 116 cell lines

The cytotoxic activity of ethanol extract of Parquetina nigrescen was investigated using a (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, methylene blue and Trypan Blue exclusion assay on four human cancer cell lines, MCF-7, HT 29, HTC 116 and C4-2WT. A mitochondrial enzyme in living cells, succinate-dehydrogenase cleaves the tetrazolium ring and converts the MTT to an insoluble purple...

Author(s): Blessing M. Onyegeme-Okerenta, Christian Agyare, Tracey D. Bradshaw and Keith A. Spriggs

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Nuclear isolation and purification using SDS/urea (NIPSU) method for efficient and rapid extraction of high-purity genomic DNAs from Jatropha curcas L: A comparative analysis of DNA isolation protocols

Jatropha curcas L. (Jatropha) has gained popularity for its potential use in biodiesel production in arid regions, and its yield improvement by molecular breeding has been anticipated. However, Jatropha is known for its recalcitrance in the extraction of pure genomic DNAs. In this study, four DNA extraction methods were comparatively examined for their efficiency and quality of genomic DNA isolations from Jatropha....

Author(s): Yoshihiko Nanasato,#, Ryo Uenoyama, Kaede Tomooka, Atsushi Kato, and Kinya Akashi,  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation and comparison of staining effect of Punica granatum flower extract on testis and ovary of Wistar rats: First results

The evaluation and comparison of the staining effect of pomegranate (Punica granatum) flower extract (dye solution) on histological sections of rat testis and ovary provides a simple, quick technique for the visualisation of both cells. In the developed procedure, this work shows the staining effect of P. granatum flower extract used at different pH of dye bath and temperatures on the histological sections of rat testis...

Author(s): Nilgün Güler Kuşçulu  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Circular RNA expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic autoimmune disease involving synovial inflammation and joint destruction. Lack of knowledge on RA pathogenesis hinders development of effective treatments. The aim of this study was to examine whether circular RNAs (circRNAs), which are involved in the development of other diseases, may also play a role in RA. Expression profiles of circRNAs were compared between...

Author(s): Xinqiang Song, Erqin Dai, Pengpeng Zhang, Shuai Wang, Lei Wang, Lei Chen, Yapeng Han and Yuan Luo#  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Comparative analysis of the chemical compositions of indigenous watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) seeds from two districts in Limpopo Province, South Africa

Seeds from different indigenous watermelons were analysed for their chemical composition such as phenolics, proteins, oils, minerals, ash and fibre content as well as antioxidant activity measured in methanol extract using 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. The morphological variations of watermelons, which revealed diversity in terms of fruit and seed colour were also assessed. Average percentages for lipid...

Author(s): Emmanuel Alpheus Mogotlane, Phatlane William Mokwala and Phetole Mangena

August 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Using light emitting diodes at 450 nm for in vitro treatment of water intended for human consumption

This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial effect of exposing raw water intended for human consumption to light (λ= 450 nm) and to investigate the correlation between the results obtained and physical and chemical parameters. Fifteen (15) samples of raw water were collected from households in a rural area of ​​Santo Antônio de Jesus – Bahia (Brazil), from November to December 2016. A 100...

Author(s): Felipe Silva de Miranda, Juciene de Jesus Barreto da Silva, Ana Lúcia Moreno Amor and Isabella de Matos Mendes da Silva  

August 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Quality of water for human consumption in a rural area community from Brazil

This work aimed at evaluating the bacteriological, parasitological, physical and chemical quality of water intended for human consumption in a community in a rural area of Recôncavo of Bahia (Brazil) and the factors related to a possible contamination. Samples were collected at two different times: at rainy season (August to September, 2015) and dry season (April 2016). The present work evaluated the presence of...

Author(s): Felipe Silva de Miranda, Juciene de Jesus Barreto da Silva, Luiz Henrique Silva Mota, Raíssa da Silva Santos, Ana Lúcia Moreno Amor and Isabella de Matos Mendes da Silva

August 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Identification of endophytic fungi from roots of two Dendrobium species and evaluation of their antibacterial property

Among all orchids, Dendrobium sp. is considered to have high medicinal value. Dendrobium moniliforme and Dendrobium transparens have immense pharmaceutical, commercial potentiality. However, their fungal endophytes remain unexplored. Isolation and identification of thirteen species of endophytic fungi from the root of D. moniliforme as well as five species from the roots of D. transparens were done. The two endophytic...

Author(s): Roshani Shrestha, Sujit Shah and Bijaya Pant

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Intercropping in Zimbabwe conservation agriculture systems using a farmer-participatory research approach

Smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are under increasing pressure due in part to climate change and soil degradation, with many farming households unable to achieve even basic food self-sufficiency. Conservation Agriculture (CA) is a possible solution to these challenges, but the lack of sufficient biomass for mulch has limited wide-scale adoption, and many farmers who practice CA resort to adding...

Author(s): M. Salomons, A. Braul, L. Jazi and M. H. Entz  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of maize (Zea maysL) inbred lines to different herbicide combinations

A field experiment was carried out at Agricultural Seed and Services Research Station in Zimbabwe to evaluate the response of maize inbred lines to different herbicide combinations. The trial was laid out in a 5×12 split plot design replicated three times. Herbicide combination was main plot factor with five levels; Hand-hoeing;metolachlor+ atrazine;metolachlor+ atrazine+ nicosulfuron; metolachlor+ atrazine+...

Author(s): Nyasha Sakadzo, Kasirayi Makaza, Ignatius Chagonda and Jimmy Shanangura, and Tafadzwa T Haripo  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Sustainable land management and ecological service assessment in Northwest of China: Case study of Yanchi, People’s Republic of China

This research aims to assess the driving factors hindering the effectiveness of these protected areas implemented to counter land degradation and evaluate the services provided by these ecosystems in the North West of China. With Ningxia province, Yanchi County chosen as experimental research area, preferential sampling technique was used with 50 plots of (quadrat) laid for plant community characteristics survey...

Author(s): Kossi Fandjinou, Kebin Zhang, Fousseni Folega and Xiaohui Yang  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technology transfer and anthropotechnology: An analysis of the sugarcane harvesting in Australia and Brazil

The present paper conducts a comparative analysis of the operation of sugarcane harvesting machines in their original place of design (Australia) and in a recipient country of this technology (Brazil). The method comprised Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA) and the assumptions of anthropotechnology proposed by Wisner. The results achieved depict the similarities and differences between the two countries regarding: (a) the...

Author(s): Lidiane Regina Narimoto and João Alberto Camarotto  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Rainfall variability and its implications for agricultural production in Gedarif State, Eastern Sudan

Rainfed agriculture is practiced in the central clay plains of Sudan and is affected by the high rainfall variability in time and space within and between seasons. This study focused on analyzing rainfall variability and trend using a 30-year record (1985-2014) of seven meteorological stations at the major agricultural production areas in Gedarif state in eastern Sudan. Yearly rainfall has relatively low variability...

Author(s): Lotfie A. Yousif, Abdelrahman A. Khatir, Faisal M. El-Hag, Ahmed M. Abdelkarim, Hussain S. Adam, Abdelhadi A. Wahab, Yasunori Kurosaki  and Imad-eldin A. Ali-Babiker,  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of cutting height on nutritional characteristics of three agroforestry tree legume species and their feed supplement value on Chloris gayana Kunth.

This study investigated the effect of cutting height (30 and 100 cm) on chemical composition and in vitro digestibility in field-grown Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze. (Prairie acacia), Leucaena pallida Britton & Rose (guaja) and Mimosa scabrella Bentham. (bracatinga) legumes and their value in supplementing a basal diet of Chloris gayana Kunth. (Rhodes grass). Cutting height did not affect major chemical...

Author(s): Marguerite Mukangango, , Ewa Wredle, Mupenzi Mutimura and A. Sigrun Dahlin  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Population dynamics of white mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) in Western Ethiopia

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the third most important fruit crop in the tropics following citrus and banana. It is consumed as a fresh fruit and different forms of preparations for its multifaceted nutritional values. Mango production in Ethiopia is constrained by infestation of white mango scale (WMS), Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead. White mango scale was recorded from Ethiopia for the first time in 2010, in a...

Author(s): Ofgaa Djirata, Emana Getu and Kahuthia-Gathu Ruth    

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of markets on fish farming adoption: The case of Chingale in Malawi

The challenges constraining the contribution of aquaculture to food security and household incomes have mostly been documented as low utilization of improved feed, lack of improved seed and unfriendly financing services. This study looked at the influence of markets including market information on adopting aquaculture technologies. Data were collected from 110 farmers in Zomba District, Malawi. Using a logit model,...

Author(s): Regson Chaweza and Joseph Nagoli  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Application of molecular and biotechnological techniques in plant disease management: A review

Plant diseases are a major challenge in crop production. They are caused by nematodes, bacteria, fungi, viruses as well as plant nutritional factors. Diseases interfere with the normal physiological and metabolic processes of plants. This results in various effects including wilting, stunting, yellowing and death of plant tissues and organs. Crop losses due to diseases manifest in form of reduced yield, poor quality...

Author(s): Olivier Dayou, Maina Mwangi , Andrew Ogolla Egesa, Peter Munyao Muteti and Careen Ihazano Chumba  

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