Articles

 

Page 4 of 1122, showing 50 records out of 56069 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

April 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Econometric analysis of socioeconomic and demographic determinants of rural households’ saving behavior: The case of Sinana district, Ethiopia

This paper examines the major socioeconomic and demographic determinants of rural households’ saving behavior in Sinana district, Ethiopia. A random sample of 267 rural households was selected from four rural kebeles of the district. The study used both descriptive statistics and econometric model for the analysis of primary data. The result of descriptive statistics demonstrates that 47.2% of the sampled...

Author(s): Mekonin Abera Negeri and Birhane Zelalem Kebede

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Challenges and opportunities of honey production in north- east dry land areas of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia

The study aims to evaluate major challenges, opportunities and future prospects of bee keeping and honey production in three districts of Waghimra Zone (Abergell, Sekota and Gazgibala). To collect data, 332 respondents were selected using systematic random sampling from the three districts. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire, observation, keyinformant interveiw and focus group discussion. Data were...

Author(s): Aregawi Kalayu, Zewdu Wondifraw and Woreknesh Tiruneh  

April 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
On farm partial budget analysis of pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) to the application of NP fertilizer and farmyard manure in Raya Azebo District, Northern Ethiopia

This research was conducted to assess the economic feasibility of inorganic fertilizer application and farmyard manure on Marako Fana pepper variety in Raya Azebo district, Northern Ethiopia. The combination of 25, 50, 75 and 100% of nationally recommended inorganic fertilizers and 10 t ha-1 farmyard manure as well as four control treatments (unfertilized, 100% farmyard manure, 100%  and blended fertilizer/NPS)...

Author(s): Kassa Melese, Wassu Mohammed and Gebre Hadgu

April 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Sustaining the economic growth for agriculture sector in Benin#: How do agricultural technologies influence the growth rate?

This paper examined the influence of agricultural technologies on the growth of agricultural value-added based on time series data (1990-2016) and Cobb-Douglas production function. The results indicated that there are significant and certain benefits to draw economically from the utilization of a system of technological innovations including mechanization, renewed capital stocks, as well as temporary annual cropping and...

Author(s): Ainan Hoyeton Brice and Luan Jingdong

April 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Current outlook and future promise of ethnobotany in Nigeria: A review and personal observation

This paper reviews the current state and future prospects of ethnobotany in Nigeria. A brief historical background is presented. Books and journals indexed by Scopus and Science Direct were reviewed. Direct search was also made on the official websites of journals specializing in ethnobotany and allied disciplines. The field of ethnobotany manifests in all facets of human activities and relates to cultural and...

Author(s): Erinoso S. M. and Aworinde D. O.  

April 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Comparative study on the effect of bio-slurry and inorganic N-fertilizer on growth and yield of kale (Brassica oleracea L.)

Kale is one of the nutritious leafy vegetables with a high nitrogen fertilizer requirement. However, soil fertility is declining progressively due to the imbalanced use of inorganic fertilizer. Discharging bio-slurry as waste will lead to environmental pollution and disposing will also lead to costs because of its large volume. Consequently, replacing chemical fertilizers with bio-slurry can not only achieve efficient...

Author(s): Ashenafi Haile and Tewodros Ayalew

April 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Morphological characteristics of avocado (Persea americana Mill.) in Ghana

Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) is an important economic tree crop grown in home gardens and farms all over Ghana. Although there are some studies on diverse aspects of the crop in several parts of the world, not much has been documented about its morphology in Ghana. This study was therefore conducted to describe the morphology of avocado in the Ashanti and Central Regions of Ghana. Using the avocado descriptor as a...

Author(s): Janice D. Abraham, John Abraham and Jemmy F. Takrama

April 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Mango doughnuts technology process for innovative prevention of post-harvest loss of mango fruits in Burkina Faso

The present study involved the processing and testing of two formulations of mango doughnuts. The mango pulp formulations were combined either with maize or rice flour. The dough from both formulations was fried in immersion oil using a gas-fueled fritter and a crepe maker in controlled conditions. Levels of moisture, titrable acidity, total ash, fat, proteins, total sugars and beta-carotene were determined for the...

Author(s): Hyacinthe KANTE-TRAORE, Hagrétou SAWADOGO-LINGANI, Charles PARKOUDA, Judith P. M. SAMADOULOUGOU–KAFANDO and Mamoudou H. DICKO  

April 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional and sensory evaluation of African breadfruit-corn yoghurt

Single extracts of African breadfruit (Treculia africana var africana) and sweet corn (Golden cob F1) were blended on 60:40 proportions to produce breadfruit-corn milk. The breadfruit-corn milk was fermented to obtain a yoghurt-like product (breadfruit-corn yoghurt), using inoculums drawn from activation batch of dried starter and previously made breadfruit-corn milk. The breadfruit-corn yoghurt was subjected to...

Author(s): Ifediba Donald I. and Nwafor Eucharia.C  

April 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Impact of electric voltages on the emulsification capabilities of okra seed protein-rich extract

A portion of okra seed protein-rich extract (PRE) prepared with NaCl solution (5 g/L) was hydrolyzed at 110°C for 5 h (1 atm. pressure). The PRE (sample A), hydrolyzed PRE-B, whole okra seed flour-C and gelatin-D were tested for emulsification capacity (EMC) and emulsion stability (ES). The emulsions were prepared and tested in (i) normal environmental condition (o/w and w/o), (ii) current carrying beaker-CB, (iii)...

Author(s): Uhiara N. S., Onwuka G. I., Nwabueze T. U. and Anosike M.  

April 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Distribution and level of arsenic in selected environmental indicators

In this study, total arsenic was determined in soil, common grass (Cenchrus ciliaris), plant leaf (Dogwood; Cornus florida) and an invertebrate (Stag beetle; Rhinotia hemistictus). This was with a view of investigating its distribution and level in the environment. Samples were randomly collected from stratified sections of the study area, processed and analysed using validated acid extraction technique. Detection of...

Author(s): Omotayo Rafiu Awofolu

April 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Microbiological and physico-chemical analyses of hand dug well-water near pit latrine in a rural Area of Western Nigeria

Contamination of water from feacal sources can lead to major outbreaks of water-borne diseases when such water is consumed without proper treatment. The microbiological and physicochemical analyses of well-water sample collected near pit latrines in Oko, Oyo State, Nigeria were carried out during rainy and dry seasons. Microbiological analysis was carried out by using Most Probable Number (MPN) technique while...

Author(s): Olatunde Simeon Kayowa and Ayandele Abiodun Ayanfemi

April 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Land-use/cover change analysis using Remote Sensing techniques in the landscape of Majang Zone of Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Recently, forest land grant for investment which is often misquoted as bare land is posing a challenge to biodiversity conservation efforts in the Majang Zone of Gambella Region, Ethiopia. On the other hand, Majang zone has always been known for dense forest cover and rich biodiversity; but recently threatened due to plantation investment. In order to tackle such prevailing problems, timely information about past and...

Author(s): Mathewos Muke and Bewuketu Haile

April 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Comparative risk of pit latrine sludge from unplanned settlements and wastewater in Mzuzu City, Malawi

Most developing countries use existing knowledge and infrastructure for wastewater in the treatment, reuse and disposal of faecal sludge. There is need to have a clear picture of the risk faecal sludge poses in relation to wastewater if effective treatment, disposal and reuse systems are to be implemented. Little work has been done to quantify the risk faecal sludge poses in relation to wastewater in a localized...

Author(s): Khumbo Kalulu, Bernard Thole,  Edward Chikhwenda,  Adamson Thengolose and Grant Kululanga

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
The bio-efficacy of Calpurnia aurea against Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera; Curculionidae) of stored maize under laboratory condition in Ethiopia

N-hexane (non-polar), chloroform (partial polar), distilled water, methanol, acetone and ethanol (polar) extracts (10 g/100, 20 g/100 and 20 g/100 ml extraction levels) and leaf powder of Calpurnia aurea were tested as protectant against maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais on filter paper and in maize grains under laboratory condition. The extracts and powder were applied at rate of 2 and 3 ml on filter paper and at a rate...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu

April 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Review on milk and milk product safety, quality assurance and control

Food safety and quality are critical issues that should be given more attention all over the world mainly from nutritional quality and human health point of view. Food safety is a scientific field of study which deals with handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent food borne illness. Food safety system is often categorized into two, namely traditional and science-based systems. Food can be used as...

Author(s): Merwan Ahmedsham, Nezif Amza and Metekia Tamiru

April 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Digestibility and growth performance of Dorper×Afar F1 sheep fed Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay supplemented with alfalfa (Medicago sativa), Lablab (Lablab purpures), Leucaena leucocephala and concentrate mixture

A study was conducted to determine effect of supplementation with isonitrogenous level of concentrate mixture (CM; 33% noug seed cake (NSC) and 67% wheat bran (WB)), alfalfa, lablab, and Leucaena leucocephala (LL) on feed intake, digestibility, daily body weight gain (ADG) and net return of sheep kept on Rhodes grass hay (RGH) basal diet. Twenty four yearling male Dorper×Afar F1 crossbred sheep were used in...

Author(s): Worknesh Seid and Getachew Animut

April 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality of porridge from sub-Saharan Africa evaluated using instrumental techniques and descriptive sensory lexicon - Part 1: Thick (stiff) porridge

The sensory attributes of thick porridges made from different composite flours in neutral, citric acid or sodium bicarbonate media was identified using instrumental methods and modified quantitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that composite flours with high cassava concentrations had lower pasting temperatures but higher peak, breakdown, final and setback viscosities than the cereal-rich flours. The onset...

Author(s): Calvin Onyango, George W. Wanjala

April 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Compatibility studies in Cola nitida genotypes

Cross and self-pollination compatibility studies were carried out using 10 Cola nitida genotypes from the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan. The few genotypes that were self-pollinated tended to show low pod production; whereas, crosses between the genotypes showed higher pod production. These data would suggest that multiple genotypes should be included in plantations to achieve higher levels of...

Author(s): Odutayo, O. I., Adeyemi, F. A., Adebola, P. O. and Sotimehim, O. I.

April 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genotypes × Environment interaction analysis for Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata L.) genotypes using AMMI model

The genotype x environment interaction (GEI) has an influence on the selection and recommendation of genotypes. To this end, G x E interaction and grain yield stability study was conducted for 17 advanced Ethiopian mustard across three districts (Sinana, Adaba and Agarfa) in the highlands of Bale zone during 2014 and 2015 main cropping season. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. The...

Author(s): Tadele Tadesse, Gashaw Sefera and Amanuel Tekalign

April 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A cross sectional study on prevalence of cattle fasciolosis and associated economical losses in cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora Abattoir, northwest Ethiopia

Fasciolosis is a parasitic disease caused by either Fasciola hepatica or Faciola gigantica. These parasitic infections are of global significance causing diseases in different mammalian species including humans. In this study, the prevalence and economic significance of Fasciolosis in cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora abattoirs was assessed. A total of 400 cattle were examined and 85 cattle (21.2%) were affected by...

Author(s): Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Abebaw Getachew and Daniel Adamu

April 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice in Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to evaluate drug resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk, fresh fruit juice and dairy farms settings of Mekelle, Tigray. A cross-sectional study was conducted on the total 258 samples of raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice. Antimicrobial resistance status was also checked for identified S. aureus using various commonly used antimicrobial discs. The overall viable staphylococcal...

Author(s): Haftay Abraha, Geberemedhin Hadish, Belay Aligaz, Goytom Eyas and Kidane Workelule

April 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Potassium dynamics under enset (Ensete ventricosom cheesman) farming systems of Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia

Potassium dynamics of soils is constituted by constantly changing relationship between soil K forms, and this relation is affected by some soil physical and chemical properties. Most Sidama (south Ethiopia) farmers grow enset crops which have high K requirements. The soils were collected from Awassa-Zuriya and Dale districts; ’Woinadega’ (warm subtropical climate) and Hula district ‘Dega’ (wet,...

Author(s): Kibreselassie Daniel Auge, Tekalign Mamo Assefa, Wassie Haile Woldeyohannes and Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw

April 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of soil factors on net N-mineralization and decomposition rate of organic nutrient sources

Rate of mineralization for organic nutrient sources (ONS) depends on temperature, soil moisture, soil chemical, physical, biological properties as well as the chemical composition of the ONS. Erythrina abyssinica (EA), Erythrina brucei (EB) and Ensete ventricosum (EV) (ONS) were collected from Sidama and Wolaita, southern Ethiopia. Soil samples (0-20 cm) depths were collected from Cambisols and Luvisols areas....

Author(s): Abebe Abay  

April 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash  

April 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
A prospective study on the changes of clinical values in HIV-Infected patients attending Kenyatta National Hospital Comprehensive Care Center

Changes in serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (G-GT), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (T. Bil), direct bilirubin (D. Bil) are assayed to monitor liver function; while those of creatinine (CRT) and urea (UR) are for kidney functions. These two organs produce hepcidin and erythropoietins, respectively...

Author(s): Jackson Ireri Mrama, Ngeranwa, J. N., Mburu, D. N., Jaoko, W. and Sekadde-Kigondu C.B.

April 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Stochastic modelling of Lake Malawi Engraulicypris sardella (Gunther, 1868) catch fluctuation

Lake Malawi continues experiencing serious depletion of most valuable fish species. Presently, commercial and artisanal fishery are forced to target less valuable fish species. Evidently, economic importance of Engraulicypris sardella in Malawi cannot be negated as it currently contributes over 70% of the total annual landings. However, such highest contribution could be a sign of harvesting pressure. Therefore, as the...

Author(s): Rodgers Makwinja, Wales Singini , Emmanuel Kaunda, Fanuel Kapute and Mwamad M’balaka,  

April 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Mortality, recruitment pattern and exploitation rates of two Schilbe Oken, 1817 populations: Schilbe mandibularis and Schilbe intermedius from the Aghien Lagoon; estuarine system of West Africa

In Côte d’Ivoire, the Aghien Lagoon is under heavy fishing pressure. Mortality, recruitment pattern and exploitation rate of Schilbe mandibularis and Schilbe intermedius were investigated in this lagoon. Fish samples of both sexes (N = 575) were collected monthly between June 2014 and May 2015 from artisanal and experimental captures. Natural mortality was higher in S. intermedius (M = 0.89 years-1) than in...

Author(s): Sonan Romuald Assi, Koffi Félix Konan, N&#;guessan Gustave Aliko, Koffi Charles Boussou, Kotchi Yves Bony, Aka Jean-Paul Agnissan and Germain Gourène  

April 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Cross sectional study on prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factors in Mao komo special woreda, benishahgul gumuz, Western Ethiopia

Trypanosomosis is a chronic haemo-protozoal disease, which is a barrier to livestock and agricultural production. A cross-sectional study with the aim of determining prevalence rate of bovine trypanosomosis and risk factors was carried out from April 2016 to November 2017 in the Mao Komo district in the Benishangul-gumuz, Ethiopia. Buffy coat followed by thin blood smear technique were employed to identify the species...

Author(s): Geremew Haile and Oda Gizaw

April 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Major trematodes of cattle slaughtered at Hirna municipal Abattoir: Prevalence, associated risk factors and test agreement of sedimentation technique in Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of fasciolosis and paramphistomosis in Hirna town, assess the associated risk factors and evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of fecal sedimentation technique for both flukes. On coproscopy, out of the total of 387 cattle examined, 24 (6.2%) and 21(5.43%) cattle were positive for Fasciola and Paramphistomum, respectively. Postmortem examination of...

Author(s): Nebi Hayider, Solomon Mekuria and Berhanu Mekibib

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
The implications of smallholdings of water and land for the sustainability of a community based water management system in Oman

This paper investigates the implications of smallholder farming, that is, characteristic of a community based water management system in Oman known as a falaj (pl aflaj). The aflaj are naturally sustainable, and for centuries have provided water in an arid region, supporting agriculture and livelihoods. With over three thousand active aflaj in Oman, the typical falaj is small; conveying enough water to irrigate a...

Author(s): Dennis Powers and Abdullah Al Ghafri

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of smallholder farmers’ participation in seed producing cooperatives in Southern Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

This research attempted to examine smallholder farmers’ participation in seed producing cooperatives with the objectives of assessing factors affecting farmers’ participation and identify the determinants of participation in seed producing cooperatives in southern zone of Tigray, Ethiopia. Both probability and non-probability sampling techniques were employed to select 192 sample households. Interview...

Author(s): Hagos Kidane, Tesfaye Lemma and Girmay Tesfay

April 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
An examination of teacher candidates’ attitudes towards teaching profession

Teaching profession is one of the hardest jobs of today. Teachers who raise the safeguards of our future, that is, our students should be aware of the principles, methods and techniques needed for teaching; should have taken the pedagogical formation training, should have enhanced communication skills and should closely follow science and technology with a mind open to modernization. Teachers also must carry the feeling...

Author(s): Baş Muhammet and Okan Sarigöz

April 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Erosion of autonomy: The pitfall of educational management in Nigeria universities

This study examined the concept of autonomy and its effect on the management of universities in Nigeria. Four major dimensions of university autonomy were investigated. An instrument titled Erosion of University Autonomy Questionnaire (EUAQ) was used to collect data. The instrument was administered for four universities. The study employed a descriptive research of the survey type. The data collected ware subjected to...

Author(s): Edith O. Olorunsola

April 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
An exploration of the limitations of transmedia storytelling: Focusing on the entertainment and education sectors

Transmedia storytelling is a concept emerging in the field of communication and media. The concept was first popularized by Jenkins. He defined it as a representation of a process in which integral elements of given fiction are disseminated systematically through multiple media platforms. Even though many researchers have studied the concept, not enough studies have been done with respect to its limitations, especially...

Author(s): Young-Sung Kwon and Daniel H. Byun  

April 2018

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research
Relevance of modeling and simulation in the management of engineering projects

Project management is one of the most important and poorly understood areas of management. Delays and cost overruns are common in projects such as construction, power generation, defense, software, product development, etc. Project management is affected by problems relating to costing and scheduling. Changes in the design of customer creates costly ripple effects which in turn lead to delay and disruption throughout an...

Author(s): Rowland Jerry Ekeocha and Stephen Kalu Ogbonnaya

April 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Pregnancy outcome and early postnatal weights in diabetic and non-diabetic pregnant rats administered ethanolic extract of Ocimum gratissimum leaves during pregnancy

Extract of Ocimum gratissimum (OG), also known as scent leaf, is popularly used to treat diabetes mellitus and its hypoglycaemic activity has been confirmed by in vivo studies. The aim was to investigate the effect of this extract on placenta development and birth outcome in diabetic pregnancy. Forty two pregnant rats weighing 150-200 g were used. They were divided into control and extract treated diabetic and...

Author(s): Iyare C. O., Uzoigwe J., Okorie P. O., Ugwu P. I., Ezeh C. O. and Iyare E. E.

April 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of satisfactory facility-based care for women during childbirth in Kumasi, Ghana

The majority of deaths of women and infants during pregnancy and childbirth occur in Africa. Although many pregnant women seek antenatal care, in Ghana they do not all continue to seek facility-based care for childbirth. Complications that lead to mortality often occur around childbirth and these are not always possible to predict during antenatal care. This makes facility-based childbirth imperative for reduction in...

Author(s): Veronica Millicent Dzomeku, Brian van Wyk, Lucia Knight and Jody Rae Lori

April 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
China’s trade intensity with South Asian countries

The study seek to explore the extent and nature of trade and its growth over the period 2005 to 2013 between China and its five South Asian neighbours (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Nepal). We measure the extent of trade by the trade intensity index and then check whether whole of this is explained by complementarity in the conventional sense. The study reveals that China’s trade intensity increased...

Author(s): Ishfaq Malik and Ajaz Rather  

April 2018

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Potential of blended biomass feedstock from some species of raffia palm (Raffia farinifera, Raffia hookeri and Raffia vinifera) and Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) from Cameroon

The oil and raffia palm species are indigenous to West and Central Africa, and their exploitation both at industrial and artisanal scale generate important quantities of renewable fibrous biomass that can be converted to high and low value bio-based products. Fibre samples were prepared from three raffia palm species drawn from three locations and Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) from an industrial palm oil mill, all...

Author(s): Beckley Victorine Namondo, Josepha Foba-Tendo, Ekane Peter Etape and Rui Werner Maçedo Krause

April 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Influence of climate on fruit production of the yellow plum, Ximenia americana, in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Fruits of Ximenia americana have socio-economic value for the local people in West Africa. Understanding the possible influence of climate conditions on fruit production is a basis for better exploitation planning and sustainable management of the species. This study aims to assess the fruit production of X. americana according to tree size across a climatic gradient. The mean total number of fruits, the mean weight of...

Author(s): Ounyambila Lompo, Anne Mette Lykke, Benjamin Lankoandé and Amadé Ouédraogo

April 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Pharmacognostic evaluation of the leaf of Microtrichia perotitii DC. (Asteraceae)

Microtrichia perotitii DC. belongs to the family Asteraceae (Compositeae) and it is a herb found in the West African countries. The aim of this research was to establish pharmacognostic standards for M. perotitii through macroscopic, microscopic, chemo-microscopic and physico-chemical investigations. The macroscopic studies revealed the shape of the leaf as small with acute apex, asymmetric base, pubescent surface with...

Author(s): Abdullahi, M. N., Ilyas, N., Hajara, I. and Kabir, Y. M.  

April 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Effect of Ethiopian high land green tea (Camellia sinensis) leaf extract on highly active anti-retroviral therapy induced dyslipidemia in Albino Wistar rats

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is considered toxic and has other life-threatening side effects including dyslipidemia. There is no research report on the health effects of Ethiopian highland green tea. Previous work data from elsewhere suggest that lipid abnormalities are associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effect of green...

Author(s): Tesaka Wondimnew, Natesan Gnanasekaran and Solomon Genet  

April 2018

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Investigation of the properties of self-compacting concrete with palm kernel shell ash as mineral additive

This study investigates workability and the compressive strength properties of self-compacting concrete with palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as mineral additive for partial cement replacement. The iterative method mix design was used, where water and super plasticizer contents were fixed while solid constituents were adjusted for optimum performance. The mixes were to achieve EFNARC’s 650 and 800 mm slump-flow...

Author(s): Sylvester O. O. and Lukuman B. I.  

April 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Novel expression of the biomarker, Nε-hexanoyl lysine in gibberellic acid induced bone toxicity in adult albino rats

Plants hormones are widely used in agriculture to alter plant characteristics as growth regulators. Gibberellic acid (GA3) plays important role in promoting plant growth, and cell differentiation. This work was performed to investigate the relationship between lipooxidative damage marker (HEL) and bone damage induced by GA3 in adult albino rats. This study was carried out on 20 adult albino rats for 4 weeks treated 6...

Author(s): Dalia M. Amin, Aisha A. Abohashem, Ola A. Harb, Walaa M. Sarhan and Marwa A. Shabana

April 2018

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
The curious tale of how crocodiles farmed for designer leather handbags are helping to develop human anti-arboviral vaccines

Most residents of industrialised nations in temperate climatic zones know mosquitoes to be an irritant; those blood-sucking pests that can blight a summer barbeque or family picnic. However, for people living in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, mosquitoes carry the threat of transmission of pathogens responsible for debilitating and often life-threatening blood-borne infectious diseases (Randolph and...

Author(s): Andrew W. Taylor-Robinson  

April 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Quantification of water balance using a lysimeter in Mexico

Under conditions of high pressure on water resources, it is essential to quantify the water balance. There are tools to perform the water balance, but unfortunately, they are expensive and  hardly accessible in developing countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the water balance using a low-cost lysimeter (LCL). Rainfall was measured using rain gauge. Soil water content (SWC) and infiltration were...

Author(s): Hipólito Muñoz-Nava, José Adrián René Grada-Yautentzi, Jorge Batlle-Sales, Elizabeth García-Gallegos and Rafael Valencia-Quintana.  

April 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Impact evaluation on survival of tree seedling using selected in situ rainwater harvesting methods in Gerduba Watershed, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Establishing forest plantation on degraded rangelands play a key role in forest rehabilitation processes through afforestation or/and reforestation. In-situ rainwater harvesting has positive impact on seedling survivals at degraded rangelands. A quadrant of 10 m × 10 m of five times replication at three slope classes under area enclosure was used. Both survived seedlings and soil physical parameters were collected...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele, Awdenegest Moges, Mihret Dananto

April 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Feasibility analysis of hybrid electricity generation system by HOMER for Mauritanian northern coast

The reported work was motivated by the energy needs in the Mauritania region and the utility of the search features of a software system, named HOMER (Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Energy Resources), for feasibility analysis of a hybrid power generation system (HS) for the Mauritanian northern coast. This study analyzed a sample of the available wind resources to meet the energy needs of these localities, using the...

Author(s): M. Soukeyna, I. B. Ramdhane, D. Ndiaye, M. Elmamy, M. M. Menou, A. M. Yahya, A. K. Mahmoud and I. Youm

April 2018

Medical Practice and Reviews
Maternity waiting homes and skilled delivery in Ethiopia: Review of strategy and implementation to drive sustainable development goals

Improving maternal and child health is foundation for every nations, communities and families. Millennium Development Goals had applied various strategies to overcome the gaps resulted in maternal and child health morbidity and mortality from global to local levels. Among the strategies is maternity waiting home, an important tool-had been addressed those in need of access and hard/difficult to reach for skilled...

Author(s): Bayu Begashaw Bekele, and , Aline Umubyeyi,

Page 4 of 1122, showing 50 records out of 56069 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200