Articles

 

Page 8 of 1128, showing 50 records out of 56374 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

May 2018

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research
Selection of T cell epitopes from S. mansoni Sm23 protein as a vaccine construct, using Immunoinformatics approach

Schistosomiasis, a neglected and most prevalenttropical diseases after malaria, have been a threat to people living in endemic areas. With regards to possible resistance to the popular drug (praziquantel) use for treatment of schistosomiasis, the need for a permanent vaccinating approach has been justified. This study uses an in silico approach to identify potential target vaccine candidate or T cell epitopes (T cell...

Author(s): Onile Olugbenga Samson, Fadare Shadrach Olaleka and Omitogun G. Ofelia,

May 2018

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
Internalization of enteropathogenic human bacteria in lettuce and coriander plant tissue

The ability of plant rhizosphere and to some extent phyllosphere to support metabolism of some human enteric bacteria has been widely demonstrated. The nutrients provided by seedlings during germination support bacterial survival in tissue of growing plants. Plant rhizosphere has been described as being high in nutrients, and rhizosphere microbiomes are well adapted to this environment, enteric human pathogens when...

Author(s): Nduhiu G., Gicheru M. M., Gathura P. B., Karanja N. K., Githinji W. T. and Nordin A.

May 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Biochemical characterisation of soybean germplasms with respect to bioavailable iron and zinc, vitamin A and crude protein

Soybean germplasms were assessed for bioavailable zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe), vitamin A and crude protein using standard methods. Thirty soybean germplasms were investigated. Results were analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and showed statistically significant differences in their Zn, Fe and vitamin A concentrations, as well as in crude protein content (P < 0.05). The Zn content ranged from 5.74 ± 0.04 to...

Author(s): Joseph Ikwebe, Titilayo Akande and Francis N. Onyezili

May 2018

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Ghanaian university students’ perception of their readiness to teach cutting out of garments upon graduation

The Universities of Cape Coast (UCC) and Education Winneba (UEW) are public universities in Ghana where students are trained to become teachers mainly at the secondary level. This paper was aimed at finding out the readiness of graduates from these two universities to teach cutting out of garments, through making pattern or cutting freehand, upon graduation. All final year students who had offered clothing as part of...

Author(s): Modesta Efua Gavor and Patience Asieduah Danquah

May 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Global Muslim audiences’ polysemic reading of “My name is Khan”: Toward an emergent multiculturalism

In this study, we learn how audiences make sense of a non-dominant text that is conveying a non-Western story about the Global War on Terror (GWOT). The audiences affective narratives affirm Deuze’s argument that media is not separate from our lived experience; we live in media rather than with media. This study was conducted on an urban campus in the Pacific North-West, with film audiences of over fifty Saudi...

Author(s): Priya Kapoor  

May 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Small scale entrepreunership of seaweed in Serewe Bay, East Lombok, Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities

Improving the livelihoods and socio-economic conditions of coastal communities is important to make people more secure and less vulnerable to both external pressures and inevitable socio-economic changes. This study aims to describe the characteristics of small-scale entrepreneurs based on seaweed and market characteristics, describe the challenges and opportunities of seaweed business, and find out the government...

Author(s): Achmad Zamroni  

May 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Attitude of indigenous chicken farmers towards agricultural insurance in Nyanza, Kenya

Indigenous chicken (IC) contribute significantly to income and food security of rural communities. However, the IC are kept in systems that are characterised by high risk conditions such as diseases, predation, inadequate feeding and poor housing resulting in sub optimal production levels and profitability. Agricultural insurance therefore becomes an attractive option of minimizing these risks. Uptake of agricultural...

Author(s): Phoebe Bwari Mose, Chrilukovian Bwire Wasike, Benjamin Ombok Owuor and Mary Jepkemboi Kipsat  

May 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Economic efficiency of milk production among small-scale dairy farmers in Mukurweini, Nyeri County, kenya

This study aimed at evaluating the economic efficiency of milk production among small-scale dairy farmers in Mukurweini, Nyeri County, Kenya. Data were collected from 91 small-scale dairy farmers previously engaged in a nutritional study in 2013. The farmers had been sampled using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using structured questionnaires, entered into statistical package for social science...

Author(s): Maina Florence, Mburu John, Gitau George, VanLeeuwen John and Negusse Yigzaw  

May 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Smallholder farmers’ livestock production and marketing in Bahir Dar Zuria District, Northwestern Ethiopia

The objective of the study was to assess the livestock production and marketing system in smallholder systems of the area. Two kebeles were selected from Bahir Dr Zuria district based on livestock production experience and accessibility to road. Primary data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire and supplemented with key informants and secondary data sources. The average land holding in the area was 0.73 ha...

Author(s): Bimrew Asmare  

May 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Productive and reproductive performance of local dairy cows in selected districts of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia

The aim of the study was to assess the productive and reproductive performance of local dairy cows and constraints and opportunities of dairy production in selected districts of Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Multistage sampling technique were employed in three districts selected representing highland (Wenisho), midland (Dale) and lowland (Loka Abaya) from Sidama Zone. One hundred and thirty five households who owned...

Author(s): Abera Yetera, Mengistu Urge and Ajebu Nurfeta  

May 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Feeding value potential of mulberry (Morus alba) leaf meal to replace concentrate mix

The experiment was carried out to estimate the feeding value of mulberry (Morus alba) leaf meal by evaluating its chemical composition in vitro organic matter digestibility and in sacco dry matter (DM) degradability. This study aimed to assess the potential of mulberry foliage in supplementing the feed of ruminant animals during the dry season, when other feed resources are scarce and their quality generally fall short...

Author(s): Gebrekidan Tesfay, Berhan Tamir and Gebreyohannse Berhane  

May 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Comparative analysis of physical and chemical characteristics of selected clays deposits found in Kebbi State, Nigeria

The intent of this paper was to explore the physical and chemical characteristics of clays in Kebbi State, Nigeria, and the clays were compared with standard clay which is considered with highest quality standard in casting. Clay’s deposits from Dukku River along River Rima, Jega River which is the tail end of River Niger and Yauri were investigated for their potentials as raw materials used for casting and...

Author(s): S. A. Salihu and I. Y. Suleiman

May 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Optical and structural performance of polymer/fullerene thin film based on Poly (3-hexylthiophene)/1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61 [(P3HT)/PCBM] after post-annealing

The polymer solar cell is a promising candidate for the next-generation solar cells because of its light weight, flexibility and easy fabrication. Poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl) propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61(PCBM) are, to date, the most-studied active materials around the world for bulk-heterojunction structure. Recent power-conversion efficiencies are reported up to approximately 13%. This research...

Author(s): Sunday Wilson Balogun, Yekini Kolawole Sanusi, and Adebayo Olaniyi Aina

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Screening for total antioxidant activity, flavonoids and phenolics variability in forty-five accessions of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

Build-up of free radicals in the human body can cause oxidative stress which may invariably lead to degenerative diseases and eventual death. Antioxidants such as polyphenols and flavonoids found in fruits and vegetables have been shown to protect the body against the damaging effects of these free radicals. Roselle contains high amounts of antioxidants and its leaves are often used for sauces or in herbal preparations...

Author(s): W. Nunekpeku, H. M. Amoatey, S. Agbenyegah, M. Owusu-Ansah, V. Oduro, K. E. Danso, D. K. Asare and E. Achoribo

May 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
Expanding the global horizon of engineered crops: Miles ahead to go

Transformations in agriculture parallel to the advancements in civilizations have been a novel practice to enhance the productive creation of Mother Nature to nurture the society. Scientific advances of last century featuring identification of DNA, the development of molecular biology and its exploitation in life sciences have taken a lead. Progressions such as crop improvements through genetic modifications/genetic...

Author(s): Brijesh Pandey, Rajesh Kumar Tiwari and Abhishek Kumar  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation and screening of antibiotic producing actinomycetes from rhizosphere and agricultural soils

Antibiotics are secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms. Actinomycetes are the top producers of antibiotics. The study was designed to isolate and screen antibiotic producing actinomycetes obtained from rhizosphere of plants and agricultural soils. A total of 30 actinomycetes were isolated. Out of the 30 actinomycetes, 18 (60%) showed antimicrobial activities against one of the tested microorganisms of which 9...

Author(s): Atsede Muleta, and Fassil Assefa

May 2018

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Acaricidal effect of essential oil of Clausena anisata (Rutaceae) on larvae of three tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus

Control measures of livestock ticks based on chemicals has become worrisome because of the development of resistance, especially in the case of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. It has become imperative to search for alternative tick control methods. Thus, the toxicity of the essential oil of Clausena anisata was evaluated on larvae of Amblyomma variegatum, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and Rhipicephalus...

Author(s): Eyabana MOLLONG, Yaovi NUTO, Rabiétou BAWA, Dodji Boris KASSENEY and Mondjonnesso GOMINA

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Key factors affecting deviant workplace behavior

Deviant behaviors manifest in many organizations and all occupations. Deviant behaviors in the workplace may originate from organizational norms and proclivities for self-benefit. The organizational culture influences employees’ attitudes. Employees internalize the organizational culture, which transforms their personal attitudes and influences their positive and negative behaviors towards the organization. This...

Author(s): Shao-Ping Wang, Miao-Sheng Chen and Mou-Jian Li  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Determinants of risk disclosures in Kenyan listed companies

The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between risk disclosure and firm characteristics of companies quoted on the Nairobi Securities Market. The study involved all firms that were listed on the NSE between years 2010 and 2016, except the financial institutions. Annual reports were used to determine the variables. A regression analysis was conducted using the random effect model to determine...

Author(s): Muturi Wachira  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The joined-up strategic planning of cultural service provision: What are the routes of accountability?

The debate on accountability in collaborative working for public service delivery is still opened. However, the literature shows research challenges in extending knowledge on critical issues on routes in which accountability are adopted in the Joined-Up Government. This is the reason why public management literature focused on case studies within joined-up services provision. Notwithstanding, an extended understanding...

Author(s): Michela Magliacani  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Financing challenges of smallholder farmers: A study on members of agricultural cooperatives in Southwest Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Smallholder agriculture plays a great role in food self-sufficiency, employment creation and economic growth. However, studies conducted in Ethiopia indicated that access to finance and input/output marketing are two of the critical problems affecting the productivity of smallholder agriculture in the country in general and in Oromia regional state in particular. The main objective of this study is to investigate how...

Author(s): Deresse Mersha and Zerihun Ayenew  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial activity of the extracts of Albizia masikororum R.Vig., a Fabaceae from Madagascar

This study is aimed at the assessment of antimicrobial potential of Albizia masikororum, a Malagasy Fabaceae. Hexanic and methanolic extracts from fruit pods, stem bark, leaves and seeds were tested by disc diffusion and microdilution methods on 10 pathogenic microorganisms including four Gram positive bacteria, five Gram negative bacteria and one yeast. Only the leaf and seed methanolic extracts, LME and SME...

Author(s): Anjarasoa Ravo Razafindrakoto, Lovarintsoa Judicael Randriamampianina, Eliane Razafintsalama Vahinalahaja, Hanitra Ranjana Randrianarivo, Danielle Aurore Doll Rakoto and Victor Louis Jeannoda

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In-vitro antibiotic susceptibility profile of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi isolated from fecal specimens of humans in Umuahia metropolis, Abia State, Nigeria

Typhoid is routinely diagnosed in Nigeria on clinical grounds or based on Widal serological test result. This approach does not provide information on the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacterium; Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi. This study was done to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella isolates in Umuahia. In this study, seventy-two (72) Salmonella isolates obtained from 135 fecal...

Author(s): Emmanuel O. Ekundayo, and Emmanuel Enya

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and identification of Escherichia coli and Edwardsiella tarda from fish harvested for human consumption from Zeway Lake, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from November to June 2014/2015 in fish harvested for human consumption at Lake Zeway with the objective of isolating Edwardsiella tarda and Escherichia coli important pathogens and contaminants its products. Three hundred tissue samples comprising Spleen, Liver and Intestine were collected from 100 fish (12 Clarias gariepenus and 88 Oreochromis niloticus) originated from lake...

Author(s): Adanech Beshada Haile and Temesgen Kassa Getahun

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Pistacia lentiscus, Phyllanthus anderssonii and Cinnamomum verum crude extracts and fractions

In this study, phytochemical screening, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethanolic (80%) extracts from leaf and stem of Pistacia lentiscus and Phyllanthus anderssonii and leaf of Cinnamomum verum and their fractions were evaluated. Antimicrobial activity was performed by disc diffusion method. The antioxidant activity was determined by stable 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical method....

Author(s): Emtinan A. Alhadi, Omer A. A. Hamdi, Saad M. H. Ayoub and Sakina Yagi  

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used in and around Robe Town, Bale Zone, Oromia Region, Southeast Ethiopia

A study on medicinally important plants in and around Robe town, Southwest Ethiopia was been carried out to document the medicinal plants and the associated knowledge in the area. Thirty informants with age range between 18 and 70 years took part in this study. Semi-structured interview was used to collect the data from the informants. The collected data was then analyzed using micro-soft excel spread sheet 2007 and...

Author(s): Abadi Birhanu and Shimels Ayalew  

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and peroxide value determination of methanolic extract of four traditional medicinal plants from Debre Tabor Town, Ethiopia

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing of different disease. Terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins are some of bioactive compounds present in different parts of medicinal plants. Qualitative identification of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity determination of crude extracts of the leaves of four different...

Author(s): Limenew Abate and Tadesse Mengistu

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Major biotic maize production stresses in Ethiopia and their management through host resistance

Biotic stresses are recently evolving very rapidly and posing significant yield losses of maize production in Ethiopia. A number of high yielding maize hybrids, initially developed as tolerant/resistant, have been taken out of production due to their susceptibility to major maize diseases. Furthermore, recent disease and insect pest epidemics have clearly shown the importance of breeding maize for biotic stresses and...

Author(s): T. Keno, G. Azmach, D. Wegary, M. Worku, B. Tadesse, L. Wolde, T. Deressa, B. Abebe, T. Chibsa and L. M. Suresh  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Defense response by inter-active bio-protector and chitosan to Sclerotium rolfsii Wilt disease on cowpea, Brazilian Oxisol

Pathogenic microorganisms increase enzyme production and plant response, causing injuries and even plant death. Chitosan has shown potential to induce reactions in plant pathogens. An “in vitro” assay determines the action of chitosan and evaluates the optimal concentration to act against (Sclerotium rolfsii). The anti-microbial activity of chitosan and the bio-protector produced by the inter-active bacteria...

Author(s): Mayane B. de Souza, Newton P. Stamford, Silva E. V Nova, Lucia R. R. Berger, Santos Carolina E. Rosalia e Silva , Antonio F. Costa and André P. F. Ferraz

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of biochar for increased crop yields and reduced climate change impacts from agricultural ecosystems: “Chinese farmers’ perception and adoption strategy”

Biochar is a carbon-rich product from pyrolysis of biomass at relatively low temperatures in a closed system with limited oxygen. The product has been shown to have economic and environmental benefits, ranging from improved soil moisture retention for carbon sequestration, reduced pollution and dependence on inorganic fertilizers. Additionally, biochar can be produced on-farm by small scale farmers using locally made...

Author(s): Grace Wanjiru Kibue

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of mobile phones usage in sweet potato vine business in Gulu district northern Uganda

Seed systems that provide farmers with planting materials may be divided into formal and informal systems. For the sweet potato sector, the informal seed system is the main provider of planting materials to small and medium sized farmers in developing countries. This informal system provides planting materials to smallholder farmers at the right time, place and quantity. However, for it to be effective there must be an...

Author(s): Ronald Obong, Basil Mugonola and David Paul Phillips  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of biochar and gypsum soil amendments on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) dry matter yield and selected soil properties under water stress

The effects of amending soil with gypsum and biochar on groundnut chlorophyll concentration, water use efficiency (WUE), biomass yield and selected soil properties were investigated under water stress. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) was applied at 0 and 200 kg/ha, groundnut shell biochar at 1, 2 and 4% w/w of soil, and water at 100, 70 and 40% of daily plant water requirement (PWR) as main, sub and sub-sub plots, respectively, in...

Author(s): Munsanda Ngulube, Alice Mutiti Mweetwa, Elijah Phiri, Samuel Christopher Muriu Njoroge, Hendrix Chalwe, Victor Shitumbanuma and Rick Lynn Brandenburg

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of organic alternatives in the production system of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) under greenhouse conditions

Cultivation of pepper has become the fastest growing practice in recent years, and specifically, habanero pepper which has surpassed its traditional area of ​​cultivation, and has expanded to other areas, conquering the markets of the rest of the country and the world. In the present study, 3 doses of solarized manure (40, 60 and 80 t ha-¹) and an absolute control were evaluated for the production of habanero...

Author(s): Pedro Vázquez Vázquez and Merle C. Navarro Cortez

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparative microscopic observations of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi after colonization of five Tunisian olive cultivars

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMFs) are known as a symbiotic microorganism which ameliorates growth and tolerance against stressful conditions of their host plants. It is characterized by morphological, physiological and biochemical events that are controlled by the interaction of both plants and fungus. The aim of this research was to evaluate the intensity (M%) and the Arbuscules abundance (A%) of mycorrhizal...

Author(s): Naouraz M’barki, Meriem Tekaya, Hechmi Chehab, Feten Aissaoui, Hanen Sfina, Zoubaier Mahjoub, Faouzi Attia, Dalenda Boujnah and Beligh Mechri,

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize response to doubled-up legumes, compost manure and inorganic fertiliser on smallholder farms in Ntcheu district of Malawi

A study was carried out in 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 growing seasons in Kandeu and Manjawira Extension Planning Areas (EPAs) in Ntcheu district, Central Malawi, to determine maize response to crop residue incorporation from legume cropping systems and compost manure. In 2011/2012 growing season, maize with or without compost manure, sole and intercropped legumes (pigeon pea, groundnut, soyabean and cowpea) were...

Author(s): Joseph Blackwell Kalasa, Wezi Grace Mhango, George Yobe Kanyama-Phiri and Max Williams Lowole

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Assessment of ‘Fx’ grading system and modular curriculum implementation in Samara University, Ethiopia

Fx grading system is a newly incorporated grading system in the Ethiopian higher education curriculum. The system started to apply in 2013, as an element of the modular curriculum, with the intention to a give second chance for students. Currently, this grading system is being implemented in Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia. This study has been conducted using a cross-sectional approach that applying a combination of...

Author(s): Mohammed Motuma Hassen and Mesud Mohammed Akmel

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Effect of nature-activities education program on the multiple intelligence level of children in the age group of 8 to 12 years

Research population consists of 15 children who attended a 5 week (3 days a week) nature-activities course with the consent of their parents during the summer term of 2016 - 2017 academic year. Participants were selected from children who had never taken part in a nature activity before. Measurement tool of this study was “Development of Self-Assessment Scale in Multiple Intelligence Fields” of which...

Author(s): Merve Ceylan

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Turkish adaptation of children’s perceived use of self-regulated learning inventory

This research aims to adapt the Children’s Perceived Use of Self-Regulated Learning Inventory developed by Vandevelde. The inventory was developed to understand children’s self-regulated learning. The sampling in this research included 500 children who are attending primary school at İstanbul in Turkey. First of all, the inventory was translated into Turkish. After the data collection, to understand the...

Author(s): Muhammet Fatih Doğanand Çiğdem Şahin-Taşkın

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Determining the readiness levels of pre-service teachers towards mobile learning in classroom management

Mobile Technologies are used in many areas of education, but they can be used for many purposes towards mobile learning such as the most supporting and developing learning, accessing information, being independent from time and space, increasing motivation, conducting research and preparing for examinations. The fact that mobile technology and mobile learning are independent from time and space means that they are...

Author(s): Muhammet Baş and Okan Sarıgöz

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Efficient plant regeneration protocol for finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] via somatic embryogenesis

In the present study, an efficient protocol for somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration was established in six finger millet varieties (GBK-043137, GBK-043128, GBK-043124, GBK-043122, GBK-043094 and GBK-043050). Shoot tips from 3 days in vitro grown plants were inoculated on MS supplemented with various concentrations and combinations of α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D),...

Author(s): Alex Ngetich, Cecilia Mweu, Mathew Ngugi, Asunta Mukami, Henry Ojulong and Wilton Mbinda

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Marine killer yeast Metschnikowia saccharicola active against pathogenic yeast in crab and an optimization of the toxin production

A marine yeast strain, DD21-2 was isolated from sediments in Dandong, China, which has killer activity against yeast Metschnikowia bicuspidata WCY (pathogenic to crab, Portunus trituberculatus). Routine identification, sequence analysis of 26S rDNA and ITS sequencing showed that the strain was M. saccharicola DD21-2, and has not been previously reported as having killer activity against M. bicuspidata WCY. To optimize...

Author(s): Chunming Tan, Lin Wang, Yong Xue, Gang Yu, Shaoling Yang and Shuo Lin

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Molecular evidence of Helicobacter suis infection in pigs in Nigeria

Helicobacter suis mainly colonizes the stomach of pigs and occasionally infects humans. It is a prevalent cause of gastritis and gastric ulcers in both species. This study was designed to determine the colonization rate of H. suis in the stomach of pigs in Nigeria. Pig slaughter house surveys were conducted and stomach mucosa samples were collected from the fundus of the stomach of a total of 160 pigs in four locations...

Author(s): Oladipo O. Omotosho, Olalekan T. Jeremiah, Benjamin O. Emikpe, Olusegun A. Fagbohun, Olusegun O. Odupitan, Temitope I. Durotoye and Ademola A. Owoade

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Interrelationships of quantitative traits and genetic variability of Desi type chickpea genotypes as revealed by agro-morphology and inter simple sequence repeat markers

Plant breeders need to stay alert in developing new cultivars on a steady basis to respond to the need of ever increasing human population by exploring either natural variability present in germplasms or generating new variability. Field experiment was conducted at five locations of Western Ethiopia during the 2016/2017 main cropping season to study interrelationships and genetic variability present in Desi type...

Author(s): Biru Alemu, Dagnachew Lule, Kassahun Tesfaye, and Teklehaimanot Haileselassie  

May 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dapsone in topical niosomes for treatment of acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory skin disorder. It affects the pilosebaceous units followed by an overgrowth by Propionibacterium acne bacteria. Dapsone is a sulfone antibiotic with an anti-inflammatory effect, which is considered to be accountable for its effectiveness in the treatment of acne vulgaris. The present study aims to prepare and evaluate the effectiveness of dapsone niosomes for topical application...

Author(s): Hatem Al Sabaa, Fatma M. Mady, Amal K. Hussein, Hossam M. Abdel-Wahab and Maha H. Ragaie

May 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Safety and toxicity of aqueous leaf extracts of Camellia sinensis, Parquetina nigrescens and Telfairia occidentalis in mice

Plant extracts as potential phytotherapeutic products are supposed to be safe. However, adverse and untoward fatal effects have been reported.  Study aimed to evaluate the safety and toxicity of aqueous extracts of Camellia sinensis, Parquetina nigrescens and Telfairia occidentalis leaves. The extracts were subjected to brine shrimp lethality bioassay and toxicities by Lorke’s method. Mice were given oral...

Author(s): Olatunbosun Luqman Olayinka, Eltahir Awad Gasim Khalil, Atunwa S. A., Abdullaahi A. A., Salawu M. K., Ogunwale K. A. T., Olalere F. D., Lawal S. A., Abdulrafiu Majeed, Olutunde O. A., Afolabi O. O. and Nafiu A. B.  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from a ready-to-eat fermented milk and cereal product, Fura-de-Nunu

This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of Listeria (L.) monocytogenes in Fura-de-Nunu, a ready-to-eat (RTE) fermented milk (Nunu) and cereal (Fura) blend, the serogroups as well as the virulence of the isolates. A total of 75 Fura and 75 Nunu samples were examined. Listeria species were isolated on PALCAM medium and Listeria chromogenic agar, and identified phenotypically according to International...

Author(s): EZEONU Ifeoma M., ONONUGBO Chukwuebuka M. and IKE Anthony C.  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Emphasis on functional properties of cocoa-specific acidifying lactic acid bacteria for cocoa beans fermentation improvement

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from six main Ivorian cocoa producer regions were investigated based on their biochemical properties in order to select the best one as potential starter. Three main technological and useful properties for good cocoa beans fermentation were monitored among the 568 isolated LAB strains. Thus, between the 408 cocoa-specific acidifying LAB strains identified, 05.88% (24 isolates)...

Author(s): Evelyne Cho Adiko,  Ginette Gladys Doué٭, Lessoy Thierry Zoué and Sébastien Lamine Niamké

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Doses of cattle manure and levels of irrigation with wastewater in the cultivation of peppers

In areas with water scarcity, recycled water and cow manure in organic substrate makes the cultivation of peppers possible, supplying water and nutrition to pepper. The present research was conducted to evaluate the effect of cattle manure doses and levels of irrigation using wastewater on pepper cultivation (Capsicum frutescens L.). The treatments include: three replacement levels of wastewater treated, based on the...

Author(s): V. F. Silva, E. C. S. Nascimento, V. L. A. de Lima, C. V. C. Bezerra and L. O. Andrade  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritional and fermentative quality of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) top ensiled with or without urea and molasses

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of urea and molasses addition on physical properties, pH, temperature, dry matter loss and chemical composition of sugarcane top (SCT) silage. Treatments were arranged as 2*4 factorial, with two SCT types (green and burnt) and four silage treatment types (without additive, 4% molasses, 1% urea and 1% urea + 4% molasses) in a completely randomized design. Forages were...

Author(s): Getahun Kebede, Ashenafi Mengistu, Getnet Assefa and Getachew Animut  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Correlation of climatic factors between the development of tomato cultivars (Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanaceae) with adults of two key pests

The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanaceae) is a crop has suffered from insect attacks and environmental factors. The objective of this work was to evaluate the correlations of climatic factors and two key pests at the development of cultivars. The study was conducted in Alagoas, Northeastern Brazil, monitored from September 2016 to August 2017. The experimental randomized with five treatments and twelve...

Author(s): Isabelle Cristina Santos Magalhães, Rubens Pessoa de Barros, Ligia Sampaio Reis, Jhonatan David Santos das Neves, Claudio Galdino da Silva, Diego Jorge da Silva, Alverlan da Silva Araujo, Adriely Vital de Souza, Aleyres Bispo Chagas, Tamara Taís dos Santos, Joice Kessia Barbosa dos Santos and Eliane dos Santos

Page 8 of 1128, showing 50 records out of 56374 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400