Articles

 

Page 9 of 1128, showing 50 records out of 56374 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cowpea nutrient responses for Malawi and Tanzania

Research was conducted in Malawi and Tanzania to determine cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) grain yield responses to applied P and K, the agronomic and economic efficiency of nutrient application, and the importance of other nutrient deficiencies. Nine site-years of research were conducted. Cowpea did not respond to fertilizer P and K in Malawi. In Tanzania, the yield response to applied P was linear with 21 kg of...

Author(s): Moses W. Munthali, Catherine Senkoro, Patson Nalivata, Wilkson I. Makumba, Muhamad Mzimbiri and Charles Wortmann  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Rainfed rice response to fertilizer in the Sudan Savanna of West Africa

In West Africa, rice (Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrimaI Steud) production is not meeting current demand. Low yields are attributed to diverse biotic and abiotic constraints including nutrient deficiencies, inadequate agronomic practices, and socio-economic constraints. This study quantified yield and profit responses of rainfed rice produced in the Sudan Savanna of Burkina Faso and Mali to fertilizer N, P, K, and...

Author(s): Idriss Serme, Mohamed Dicko, Korodjouma Ouattara, Baba Sidibe and Charles Wortmann  

May 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Seven-dimensional space-time and its objects: Arbitrary spin state, electromagnetic fields, mirror symmetry and superconductivity

To form the basis spin states of a field, vector states  of the multicomponent wave function to the four coordinates of Minkowski space that determine the position of the local observer have been added by angular extra dimensions that determine the orientation of the local observer. The generators of the Poincare group in the angular representation have been obtained. The Dirac equation (generalized for any spin)...

Author(s): Roman Sventkovsky

May 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Correlation of geotechnical parameters with geological formations in a basement complex and its implications on civil structure foundation

Geotechnical tests were carried out on twenty subsoil samples obtained from ten locations at the depth of 1 and 2 m within Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The area is typical of basement complex. The test include; Natural Moisture Content, Grain Size Analyses, Specific Gravity, Atterberg Limits, Compaction, California Bearing Ratio (CBR), and Unconfined Compression Tests. The ten locations where the...

Author(s): Akintorinwa O. J. and Oluwole S. T.

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Light quality and plant growth regulators influence pigment production in Alternanthera brasiliana calli

Alternanthera brasiliana is a medicinal plant with several popular use and high production of betalains. The aim of the present research was to establish a protocol for callus induction and betalain biosynthesis in A. brasiliana species, as well as to investigate the effect of different qualities of light in increasing betalain in A. brasiliana callus cultures. In this way, the callus initiation and the improvement of...

Author(s): Andressa Reis, Alitcia Moraes Kleinowski, Renata Trevizan Telles, Fátima Rosane Schuquel Klein, Luciano do Amarante and Eugenia Jacira Bolacel Braga  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers linked to drought tolerant traits in selected Sudanese rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes

Rice growth and productivity are affected by biotic and abiotic stresses; key among them being drought. Conventional breeding for drought tolerance is slowed down by the complex nature of mechanisms underlying this stress although molecular markers offer a promising approach. Plant exposure to drought stress leads to a significant effect in chlorophyll content and reduction in photosynthesis. In this study, 23 Sudanese...

Author(s): Ahmed Bashier, Joel Masanga, Wariara Kariuki and Steven Runo  

May 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
New application of principal component regression in estimation of electrical energy consumption in an abnormal automatic meter reading system

This paper proposes a new application of principal component regression (PCR) for estimating electrical energy consumption in case of abnormal automatic meter reading (AMR) systems. These events occur in a delivery metering system such as problems from mistakenly setting and connecting meters in electrical systems, broken metering accessories, etc. The estimation is performed by using MATLAB. The unclean sampled input...

Author(s): Visavat Kantikoon and Vijit Kinnares  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Forecasting and preventing bankruptcy: A conceptual review

The recent global financial crisis has caused the failure of many firms in several countries, renewing the interest of the literature towards forecasting models for default risk. Although these models have been developed since the 1960s, studies have been published in increased numbers during the last decades, proposing new approaches or comparing different existing models to understand which of them have the best...

Author(s): Marco Bisogno, Marialuisa Restaino and Alfonso Di Carlo  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The research of innovation efficiency of government’s fund and enterprises’ R&D investment in China

In this paper, the panel data of China from 2003 to 2012 and stochastic frontier and threshold regression models were used to analyze the impact of government’s fund and enterprises’ research and development (R&D) investment on China’s innovation efficiency and the optimal intensity of different R&D investment and their interval analysis. This research indicates that in the process of...

Author(s): Xiaobing Liu, Manhong Liu and Rong Shi  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effects of employees’ commitment on organizational performance at Arjo Didessa Sugar Factory

Presently, no organization can perform at peak levels unless each employee is committed to the organizations objectives. Hence, it is important to understand the concept of commitment and its feasible outcome. The employees in sugar industry play decisive role in transferring the theory to practical in order to enhance development of industry.  The objective of this study was to determine the effects of employee...

Author(s): Dinku Gilo Tolera  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
OXA-48 type carbapenemase in Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended spectrum B-lactamases (ESBL) in Senegal

Enterobactericeae producing extended spectrum b-lactamases (ESBL) are likely to express carbapenemases OXA-48 which have hydrolytic activity on carbapenems. The aim of this work was to evaluate prevalence of blaOXA-48 for Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates producing ESBL. This work was conducted at the French Reference Center for Antibiotic Resistance with strains from Senegalese Hospital. Standard antibiogram was performed...

Author(s): Lo Seynabou, Robin Frédéric, Beyrouthy Racha, Ba-Diallo Awa, Niang Aïssatou Ahmet, Diagne Rokhaya, Diop Amadou, Camara Makhtar, Ka Roughyatou, Gaye-Diallo Aïssatou, Sow Ahmad Iyane and Bonnet Richard

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bactericidal and brine shrimps toxicity of essential oils from Aframomum Melegueta [K. Schum]

Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K. Schum, family of Zingiberaceae, is a tropical tree with spicy edible fruit. This plant has both medicinal and nutritive values. There is paucity of literature on the toxicity and bioactivity of the essential oils from this plant from Nigeria. Essential oils were extracted from the leaves, stems, roots (rhizomes) and seeds of the plant through hydro-distillation using the Clevenger-type...

Author(s): Owokotomo I. A.

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial activity of selected Dendrobium species against clinically isolated multiple drug resistant bacteria

Dendrobium species are widely used in traditional medicine as remedies for tonic to nourish the stomach, promote the production of body fluids and decrease fever. In this study, the antibacterial activities of four traditionally used Dendrobium species were tested against clinically isolated multiple drug resistant (MDR) bacteria. Hexane, chloroform, acetone, ethanol and methanol extracts of Dendrobium amoenum,...

Author(s): Mukti Ram Paudel, Neeta Rajbanshi, Anil Kumar Sah, Sameer Acharya and Bijaya Pant

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effect of processing methods on the chemical composition and microbiological quality of vegetable drink extract of african bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis)

The effect of processing methods on the chemical composition, proximate, mineral, vitamin and microbiological quality of vegetable drink extract of Irvingia gabonensis was studied. The processing methods included drying (shade and solar drying), blanching (at 0, 2, 4 and 6 min) as well as blanching and drying of the leaves. Aqueous extracts were obtained from the leaves and the analysis carried out using standard...

Author(s): Mbaeyi-Nwaoha I. E. and Akobueze E. U.

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Motivation to learn Turkish in foreign students with different thinking styles in terms of functional and formal aspects

The aim of this study was to determine the level of motivation to learn Turkish among foreign students with different thinking styles in terms of the functional and formal aspects of these thinking styles. The survey model was used in the study. The participants in the study were 51 foreign students (33 female, 18 male) who were studying at the TÖMER (Türkçe Öğretim Merkezi [Center of Turkish...

Author(s): Behice Varisoglu  

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Challenges of research conduct among postgraduate research students in an African University

Postgraduate research students often experience various problems during the course of their programmes which hamper the timely completion of the MPhil/PhD and full doctoral (PhD) programmes. However, there is limited documented information on these barriers among Nigerian postgraduate students in Nigeria. This study was conducted to assess the barriers to research and training needs of these students at the University...

Author(s): Adeyimika Titilayo Desmennu and Eme Theodora Owoaje  

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
A look at mother tongue education in the context of the right to education

In Turkey, education in state schools can be delivered in foreign languages such as German, French and English. However, mother tongue education cannot be provided in the languages of minorities or local groups other than those officially accepted as minorities (that is, according to the Treaty of Lausanne). In this regard, the primary aim of this study was to reveal the views of postgraduate students (Masters (MA)/PhD)...

Author(s): Idris Şahin  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
On-farm irrigated maize production in the Somali Gu season

Domestic production satisfies less than half of Somalia’s cereal requirements. In this study, the Somali Agriculture Technical Group (SATG) evaluated different methods of nitrogen application (Broadcast, Hill, or Row) within an improved irrigated maize production system in Somalia’s Lower Shebelle riverine region. This improved system consisted of the best management practices (BMPs) recommended by SATG...

Author(s): Ryan Gavin, Hussein Haji, Nicolas Jelinski, Allison Harvey and Paul Porter

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based genetic diversity in a set of Burkina Faso cowpea germplasm

The potential of cowpea to address food security in Burkina Faso in particular is well established as it is a nutritious, cash and cover crop. However, there is limited information on existing germplasm diversity in Burkina Faso. This study was designed to gather some information on the genetic diversity in a set of cowpea lines introduced from different breeding programs. The diversity was therefore assessed using 181...

Author(s): Teyioué Benoit Joseph Batieno, Oumarou Souleymane, Jean-Baptiste, Tignegre, Bao-Lam, Huynh, Francis Kusi, S. Leandre Poda, Timothy J, Close, Philip, Roberts, Eric Danquah, Kwadwo Ofori and Tinga Jeremy, Ouedraogo

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productivity of Irish potato varieties under increasing nitrogen fertilizer application rates in Eastern Rwanda

Irish potatoes are an important crop only promoted in cool and high moist conditions of Rwanda. This study explored the productivity of Irish potatoes varieties under increasing nitrogen fertilizer applications in drier agro-climatic conditions of the eastern Rwanda. Potato seeds mass-selected from locally-grown varieties in the region surrounding Kibungo town (-2.160897°, 30.543591°) were planted under rain-fed...

Author(s): Karemangingo C. and Bugenimana D. E.

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritional quality of tomatoes as a function of nitrogen sources and doses

Vegetable consumers are increasingly demanding high quality products. Among factors that can influence the nutritional quality of tomato fruits, mineral nutrition stands out. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of nitrogen sources and doses on the nutritional quality of tomato fruits. The experiment was carried out in pots in an experimental area at the Universidade Federal de Viçosa -...

Author(s): Natália Silva Assunção, Maria Elisa de Sena Fernandes, Leonardo Angelo Aquino, Flávio Lemes Fernandes and Natalia Oliveira Silva

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of ethanolic extract of Waltheria indica aerial parts on some liver and kidney function indices in albino rats

This study evaluated the toxicological effects of chronic treatment with ethanolic extract of Waltheria indica aerial portion on body weight, hematological and biochemical parameters in albino rats using standard methods. Rats treated with 400 mg/kg body weight (bw)/day of the extract showed no behavioural changes. However, there was general reduction of activity in rats given 800 and 1,600 mg/kg bw/day of the extract....

Author(s): Hamidu J. L., Ayo J. O., Adelaiye A. B. and Abubakar M. S.  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Presence of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) gene in cereals and cereal-based products in local markets and supermarkets of Yaoundé, Cameroon

The use and importation of genetically modified (GM) crops and products derived from these crops are regulated by national and international policies, which unfortunately are often not properly implemented in some countries. Given the ongoing globalization of trade and increasing availability of GM plant products, countries like Cameroon with a weak system to regulate the importation of these products face the threat of...

Author(s): Youbouni Gisèle Flodore Ghepdeui, Palmer Masumbe Netongo, Olivia Afa Achonduh-Atijegbe Sarah Riwom Essama and Wilfred Fon Mbacham  

May 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Febuxostat in patients with hyperuricemia and severe chronic kidney disease

Febuxostat is a non-purine, selective inhibitor of both isoforms of xanthine oxido-reductase (XOR). Its pharmacokinetics is not dependent on renal clearance, and it may be advantageous in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although febuxostat is effective in patients with mild-to-moderate CKD, its efficacy and safety in patients with severe CKD remain unclear. This retrospective study included patients with an...

Author(s): Ai Yu Yang  

May 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Gamma oryzanol loaded microspheres with improved bioavailability

Gamma oryzanol is a phytosterol that is extracted from rice bran oil. It is an antioxidant that possesses a curative effect for many diseases. Gamma oryzanol is a water insoluble compound supporting the idea that it has a low bioavailability due to low intestinal absorption. In this study, γ-oryzanol was loaded in biodegradable microspheres. Intestinal absorption of γ-oryzanol from microspheres was compared...

Author(s): Malik AL-Qdah, Wafaa Hailat, Houssam R.E.H. Bouchekara and Muhammad Sharjeel Javaid  

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from Croton lechleri (Euphorbiaceae)

Croton lechleri is a native species from the Amazon and used with relative frequency in folk medicine in Brazil and other countries. Diversity and antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi associated with this plant were studied here. Samples of leaves and stems were used and 575 endophytic fungi were isolated (307 from leaves and 268 from stems), comprising 284 morphotypes distributed in 13 genera and unknown. The...

Author(s): Sebastião Luiz Pires Vargas, Erlan Kessyo Braga de Albuquerque; Sandra Albuquerque Lima Ribeiro; Atilon Vasconcelos de Araujo, Renildo Moura da Cunha and Clarice Maia Carvalho  

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi from the medicinal plant Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC

This study was designed to determine the diversity and antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from Uncaria tomentosa. Leaf and stem were disinfected superficially and inoculated in PDA and SDA medium, with and without plant extract and incubated at 18 and 28°C for isolation of endophytic fungi. Endophytic fungi were inoculated in BD medium and the metabolites extracted with ethyl acetate. Endophytic...

Author(s): Rodrigo Asfury Rodrigues, Atilon Vasconcelos de Araujo, Renildo Moura da Cunha and Clarice Maia Carvalho  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Drug resistance in African animal trypanosomes: A review

Animal African trypanosmiasis (AAT) is the most important factor contributing to the sub potential performance of livestock. AAT is caused by Trypanosoma congolense, Trypanosoma vivax and Trypanosoma brucei. Chemotherapy and chemoprophylaxis are the major means of combating the disease. An estimated 17 million cattle are treated with trypanocides annually. The emergence of drug-resistant trypanosome strains is...

Author(s): Solomon Assefa and Workineh Shibeshi

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Metagenomic analysis of enteric bacterial pathogens affecting the performance of dairy cows in smallholder productions systems

There is little information about the diversity of bacterial pathogens present in the rumen and feces of healthy cow and the subsequent effects on the performance of the host animal. The objectives of the present study were to genetically characterize the enteric bacterial pathogens found in the rumen fluid and cow feces and to identify the resistant genes responsible for antimicrobial resistance in the detected...

Author(s): Vincent Habimana, Rawlynce Cheruiyot Bett, Joshua Oluoch Amimo, Felix Matura Kibegwa, Dedan Githae and Joseph Owino Jung’a

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effectiveness of exopolysaccharides and biofilm forming plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on salinity tolerance of faba bean (Vicia faba L.)

This study aimed to investigate the production of biofilm and exopolysaccharides by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) under different salt concentrations. In this study, the activity of biofilm formation and exopolysaccharides production by 20 strains of PGPR which previously isolated and identified from root samples of different crops were determined under different salt concentrations. Out of 20 strains,...

Author(s): Alaa Fathalla Mohammed

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation, identification and bioactivity of fungal endophytes from selected Kenyan medicinal plants

Infectious diseases remain a global health burden due to development of antibiotic resistance by pathogenic microorganisms. Antibiotic resistance has led to increased number of deaths among children and adults. This study sought to isolate and identify fungal endophytes from selected Kenyan medicinal plants and screen them and their extracts for bioactivity against selected test human pathogens. Fifty-five fungal...

Author(s): Velma Wekesa Nasimiyu, Isabel Nyokabi Wagara, Meshack Amos Obonyo and Josphat Clement Matasyoh

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agro morphological characterization of taro (Colocasia esculenta) and yautia (Xanthosoma mafaffa) in Togo, West Africa

Taro and yautia are two edible aroids grown in the humid tropics of Asia, Africa and Latin America and used as staple food crops by millions of people in developing countries. They are mainly propagated vegetatively. Selection and improvement of these crops require characterization using desirable morphological traits for various end-uses. An agro morphological characterization study was conducted at the experimental...

Author(s): Damigou BAMMITE, Peter J. MATTHEWS, Dodzi Y. DAGNON, Akouèthê AGBOGAN, Komi ODAH, Alexandre DANSI and Koffi TOZO

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of some Musa accessions in field collection at Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

The study was conducted to characterize and evaluate the agronomic potentials of eight Musa accessions in Ebonyi State University Musa field genebank. Qualitative descriptors were used to characterize the genotypes, while eight growth and yield traits were evaluated. Results indicated that the accessions were similar in thirteen characteristics, but differed in nine traits including pseudostem/foliage pigmentation,...

Author(s): Oselebe H. O., Ngwu C. and Nnamani C. V.  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of cassava hybrids performance obtained by controlled pollination of elite accessions from Niari landscape in the Republic of Congo

Cassava is the main crop in the Congo but its low yield doesn’t meet the needs of Congolese populations. The low yield is due to the use of less effective sensitive varieties to diseases, non-mastering of techniques and biotic constraint of which the African cassava mosaic. This study aims at selecting resistant genotypes to the African cassava mosaic and assessing their agronomic and production performances. Six...

Author(s):  Kombo Guy Romain Aimé, Mpika Joseph, Mahungu Mzola Meso, Mikoko Nsika Elie, Mabanza Joseph and Attibayeba

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productivity of radish fertilized with different doses of bovine manure

The application of organic matter to the soil has considerable benefits for agricultural land, including an improvement in the physical structure and fertility of the soil, which can often be extended from one crop to another. Animal manure is one of the most widely-used types of organic fertilizer, due in part to its availability. The present study investigated the productivity of radish exposed to different doses of...

Author(s): Ana Heloisa Maia, Manoel Euzébio de Souza, Flaviana Cavalcanti da Silva, Bianca Ferraz Rebelatto, Theylor Oliveira Silva, Victória Santos Souza and Laura dos Santos Ferreira

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Azospirillum spp. potential for maize growth and yield

The importance of biotechnology involved in the availability of nutrients to plants in different production systems is well known. In the search for agricultural sustainability, biological nitrogen fixation process stands out, especially in tropical regions where soil organic matter can be rapidly mineralized. In this aspect, researches have pointed out the potentialities of the use of diazotrophic bacteria, as well as...

Author(s): Lucas Tadeu Mazza Revolti, Carlos Henrique Caprio, Fábio Luíz Checchio Mingotte and Gustavo Vitti Môro  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Propagation of Pecan (Carya illinoensis): A review

The Pecan (Carya illinoensis) is the most important species that belongs to the Carya genus. It is cultivated mainly for its nut, which is rich in oils and proteins, and for its good quality wood. Pecan is conventionally propagated by budding or grafting onto rootstocks obtained by open pollination. However, these techniques are not very efficient due to low propagation rates, poor survival and difficult establishment....

Author(s): Fabrizio Giuseppe Casales, Elmarie Van der Watt and Gesine Maria Coetzer  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Development of in vitro propagation protocol for some recalcitrant cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) genotypes in Sierra Leone

A study on rapid propagation of cassava through tissue culture was conducted with three elite cassava genotypes: Slicass 6, Slicass 11 and Cocoa from Sierra-Leone. They showed slow growth in Murashige & Skoog (MS) basal medium which was proven to be optimal for a vast number of cassava accessions. Prior to mutation induction, a large population needs to be produced for mutagen susceptibility test and for mutant...

Author(s): Janatu Veronica Sesay, Nicole Gado G. Yamba, Joseeph Sherman-Kamara and Dan David Quee  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity and relatedness of oil palm progenies determined by microsatellite and agronomic markers

Genetic diversity in oil palm has been usually determined using agro-morphological markers (traits) before the advent of DNA-based markers including microsatellite markers, which have the advantage of being environmentally independent. The current study aimed to compare genetic diversity and relationships among 10 Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) dura × tenera oil palm progenies using simple...

Author(s): Maxwell N. Okoye, Claude Bakoumé, Michael I. Uguru and Rajinder Singh  

April 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Mammalwatching: A new source of support for science and conservation

During the 20th century, birding evolved from a little-known hobby into a global phenomenon important for ornithology and bird conservation. More recently a similar change has begun for mammalwatching, which is rapidly gaining popularity and is already providing financial support, observational data, diagnostic information, and a volunteer base for mammalogy and mammalian conservation. The study data suggest that...

Author(s): Vladimir Dinets, and Jon Hall

April 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Plant diversity analysis for conservation of Afromontane vegetation in socio-ecological mountain landscape of Gurage, South Central Ethiopia

The present study was conducted for the conservation and management of vegetation in a socio-ecological mountain landscape through assessment of floristic composition, community types and structure of woody species in the Wabe River catchment of the Gurage Mountains in Ethiopia. The preferential sampling technique was applied to collect floristic and vegetation structure data, and within each plot, woody species...

Author(s): Mesfin Sahle, Christine Fürst and Kumelachew Yeshitela  

April 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Effect of forest management approach on household economy and community participation in conservation: A case of Aberdare Forest Ecosystem, Kenya

Forest ecosystems are important for ecological and socio-economic wellbeing, particularly for diversification of the livelihoods of adjacent communities. The forest management approach applied in an ecosystem influences availability, access and utilisation of forest products, and community participation in conservation. This study examined the effect of forest management approach on households’ economy and...

Author(s): Elizabeth W. Wambugu, Gilbert O. Obwoyere and Bernard K. Kirui  

April 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Species diversity, habitat association and abundance of avifauna and large mammals in Gonde Teklehimanot and Aresema monasteries in North Gondar, Ethiopia

Studies on species composition, distribution and relative abundance of birds and mammals in Gonde Teklehimanot and Aresema Monasteries was carried out from December, 2015 to February, 2016. In these areas, wildlife conservation is directly relevant to the local community, often as a source of livelihood, medicine and spiritual values. To collect data on population status of large mammals, we commenced a line transect...

Author(s): Eshetu Moges, Getinet Masersha, Tebaber Chanie, Agrie Addisu, Eyobe bv Mesfin and Cherkos Wgeorgis Beyen  

April 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of impediments affecting health systems response to neurocysticercosis in two districts (Gulu and Amuru) of Northern Uganda: A cross sectional study

Northern Uganda is recovering from the effects of prolonged war which devastated most of the health systems in the region. The aim of the study was to identify health sector impediments affecting health systems response to Neurocysticercosis in the districts of Gulu and Amuru.  A cross sectional study was conducted on two hospitals and 10 health centers.  Two hundred and three (n=203) respondents were...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Constantine Steven Labongo Loum, Walter Onen Yagos and Kenneth Luyramamoi

April 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Compliance to treatment regimen among diabetic patients attending outpatient department of selected hospitals in Benin City, Edo State

Diabetes is a global health issue as it is a metabolic disease that affects individuals of all ages. The success of long term maintenance therapy for diabetes mellitus depends largely upon the patient’s compliance with a therapeutic plan. This study investigated the level of compliance with treatment regimen among clients with diabetes mellitus in selected hospital in Benin City, Edo state. A descriptive cross...

Author(s): Ehwarieme T. A., Ogbogu C. J., Mbadugha Chisom and Obiekwu Adaobi, L.

April 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with utilization of institutional delivery care and postnatal care services in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African countries with high maternal mortality rate due to complication of delivery. Institutional delivery care and postnatal care are key health services that can reduce maternal mortality. The main objective of this study was to identify factors affecting utilization of institutional delivery and postnatal care services. The data for this study were obtained from the 2014 EDHS which...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Mengistu Abebe

April 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of community knowledge, attitude and practice on milk borne zoonoses disease in Debre- Birhan town, north Shewa, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in Debre-Birhan town, North shoa, Ethiopia, with the objectives of assessing the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the study participants with respect to milk borne zoonoses; and to determine the effect of demographic character of respondents on knowledge, attitude and practice of zoonotic diseases. Data were collected from the respondents through...

Author(s): Mandefero Delelegn and Yeshibelay Girma

April 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Spatial-temporal distribution, abundance, diversity and mortality of birds on road network in the Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania

Vehicle collisions with wild animals are acknowledged as a non-negligible source of death of wild birds and often affect their spatial-temporal distribution, abundance and diversity. However, data to ascertain the impact of road kills on wild birds are scarce, especially around the Serengeti Ecosystem in Tanzania. This work aims to investigate the impact of road kills on wild birds and their spatial-temporal...

Author(s): Ally K. Nkwabi, Richard D. Lyamuya, Emmanuel Masenga, John Bukombe, Grayson Mwakalebe, Maulid Mdaki and Robert Fyumagwa

April 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Trend, pattern and determinants of crop diversification of small holders in West Bengal: A district-wise panel data analysis

Crop diversification is one of the most important risk management and income enhancing strategies for farmers. The study investigates the pattern, trend, and factors influencing crop diversification in different districts of West Bengal, based on secondary data. The Simpson index has been used to estimate diversification. The results show that all the districts of West Bengal and the state as a whole have exhibited a...

Author(s): Debasis Mithiya, Kumarjit Mandal and Lakshmikanta Datta

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Do fertilizers and cropland influence the agricultural production value in the same way? Evidence using the autoregressive distributed lags approach of cointegration

Cropland and fertilizers are two prominent and non-spared factors of agricultural sustainable production. This study mainly aimed to examine the response of crop production value to cropland used and chemical fertilizers supplied by using the Autoregressive Distributed Lags approach of cointegration over the period 1980 to 2016. The bound test and the error correction term showed that the amount of nitrogen (N),...

Author(s): Brice Hoyeton Ainan and Luan Jingdong  

Page 9 of 1128, showing 50 records out of 56374 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450