Abbreviation: J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 9, showing 20 records out of 170 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0473[Article Number: 20B86D366773]
The antimicrobial activity of T. hamosa aerial parts extract against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus fecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas auregenosa, Candida albicans, Fusarium sp. and Aspergilus niger was evaluated by disc diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for susceptible test microorganisms were further determined. Also the antioxidant and α-amylase... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0464[Article Number: A0D6C9A66381]
Mental illness refers to all diagnosable mental disorders which are characterised by abnormalities in thinking, feelings or behaviours. Ethnobotanical study surveyed the different types of medicinal plants used for the treatment of mental illness in Bassa, Pankshin, and Kanke Local Government Areas of Plateau State, Nigeria. Information was obtained from traditional medicine practitioners, herbalist and herb sellers,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0461[Article Number: D73E12166384]
Cassia sieberiana DC. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae), commonly known as drumstick and ‘aridantooro’ in Yoruba, is a perennial tree native to Africa. It is used in ethno-medicine to manage arthritis and rheumatism. Pharmacological activities such as myorelaxant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial have been reported in literature. Pharmacognostic investigation including microscopy,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2016.0435[Article Number: 310811765924]
The aim of the current study was to explore the antioxidant potential and cytotoxicity of different ’fractions from the leaf extract of Randia dumetorum. Proximate analysis and phytochemical screening were done with standard protocol. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by using reducing power assay, total antioxidant capacity determination, determination of total phenolic content, determination of total... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2016.0418[Article Number: 26682D065767]
This is a phytochemical and zootechnical study on Physalis peruviana leaves in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. This was part of a scientific development program of plant resources used in Congolese traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in which individual and community consequences are well established. Different fractions with hexane, ethyl acetate and the residue were obtained from the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0448[Article Number: BBC0C1D65769]
Cassytha filiformis, a leafless and perennial vine with small scales as a replacement of the leaves is currently being used in the treatment of various disease conditions such as jaundice. Macroscopic/ organoleptic characters, microscopic, chemo-microscopic characters, numerical standards, and elemental analysis were determined from the whole plant of C. filiformis. Findings from this study revealed the presence of some... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0459[Article Number: 56E54E164970]
Ginger has been known for its several scientific properties and valued for the last 2500 years in different parts of the globe. Ginger has rich phytochemistry and several health promoting perspectives. In ginger family, Zingiber officinalis is one of most widely used species and it is found in several foods and beverages. Ginger has been used commonly to treat diarrhea, stomach upset, indigestion and nausea. It also has... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0454[Article Number: 9E0DA5864972]
This study aimed to explore the effect of aqueous leaf extract of Mannihot esculenta on the morphology and histology of the kidney of adult Wistar rats. Three groups of Wistar rats were used. Group A served as the control treated with 0.3 ml of normal saline, while groups B and C served as the experimental groups. Group B and C were treated with aqueous extract of M. esculenta orally at 0.2 and 0.5 ml, respectively for... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0449[Article Number: 90B908764490]
Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chev. (stem bark), Azadirachta indica A. Juss (stem bark and leaf), Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. (leaf), Crescentia cujete L. (stem bark), Lawsonia inermis L. (leaf), Lophira alata Banks ex C.F. Gaertn. (stem bark), Myrianthus pruessii Engl. (leaf), Nauclea latifolia Sm. (stem bark), Olax subscorpioidea Oliv. (root), and Terminalia glaucescens Planch ex Benth. (stem bark and root) are combined... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2016.0437[Article Number: 96604E364492]
The study aimed to screen the antidiabetic plants used by 700 diabetic patients in the town of Sidi Slimane (northwestern Morocco). The results identified 59 species belonging to 28 botanical families, four of which are predominant (Lamiaceae: 9 species; Apiaceae: 7 species; Asteraceae: 5 species; Fabaceae: 4 species). The most used species are: Trigonella foenum-graecum, Oreganum vulgare, Salvia officinalis, Marrubium... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0443[Article Number: 966E82B63903]
Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) is a plant species used in folk medicine for treatment of various disorders. This study aims to quantify the phenolic and flavonoid contents of E. uniflora aqueous methanolic extract (AME), identification of its major constituents, as well as the evaluation of its biological activity. Quantification was performed using colorimetric assays. Column chromatographic separation was used for... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0452[Article Number: F69CD0163906]
Different solvent extracts from the aerial part of Prosopis farcta growing in Egypt have been biologically evaluated by studying their antimicrobial, anticancer and antioxidant activities. Furthermore, the chemical analysis using GC/MS has been performed for the promising extracts n-hexane and methylene chloride, and this analysis led to the identification of twenty six and thirty two compounds respectively from... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0444[Article Number: 3D6E0A463516]
Mystroxylon aethiopicum has been used by many ethnic groups in Africa for the management of hemorrhagic diarrhea, stomachache, respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections coughs, hypertension and gonorrhea. This study was carried out to identify low molecular weight phytochemicals present in the root bark extract of M. aethiopicum with the aid of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. The... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2017.0445[Article Number: A35123663518]
Decocted Draco spilopterus has been utilized in the Philippines for the treatment of asthma associated with its strong folkloric beliefs however no scientific evidence was available to prove such claims. Thus, the researchers ventured into this study to determine the anti - asthma potential of dried D. spilopterus on male albino rats using mesenteric mast cell count by atopic allergy method. Fifteen D. spilopterus were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2016.0440[Article Number: 488C71563026]
This study is aimed at evaluating the biochemical effects and antioxidants activity of extracts of Vernoia calvoana Hook. f (V.C) on STZ induced diabetic rats. Thirty-six rats weighing (100 to 150 g), were divided into 6 groups of 6 animals each. Groups 1 and 2 representing normal and diabetic controls (NC and DC), respectively, receiving placebo, while groups 3 to 6 represented diabetic treated, receiving 500 mg/kg... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2016.0416[Article Number: 5858D3063028]
The phytochemical constituents of stem bark extracts of Khaya senegalensis were isolated and analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). A shade-dried stem bark of K. senegalensis was extracted using methanol and water as solvents. The main chemical compositions of the extracts were analyzed by GC-MS and preliminary phytochemical analysis was performed to confirm the various classes of active chemical.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2016.0389[Article Number: 20B684A62675]
The aim of this study is to investigate the antioxidant and protective effect of an aqueous extract from Urtica dioica on liver injuries, induced by one of the most potent dietary carcinogenic agents N- Nitroso methyl urea (NMU). Firstly, the free radical scavenging activity of U. dioica extract was assessed by measuring its capability to scavenge the radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Liver injury was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2015.0399[Article Number: 2D7E7B862099]
The aerial parts of Achillea fragrantissima (Forssk.) Sch. Bip., wildly grown in Egypt, yielded 0.8 and 1.5% (v/w) of essential oils prepared by hydrodistillation (HD), or by conventional volatile solvent extraction method (preparation of the “absolute”, SE), respectively. The volatile components of this essential oil were determined by GC–MS analyses. Twenty eight compounds were identified in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2013.0261[Article Number: C759C4762103]
The leaf extracts of Phyllanthus amarus Schum and Thonn. a common Western Nigerian weed, was investigated for phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activities. Hexane extracts demonstrated the highest extraction of 59% followed by Acetone (57%) and water (48%). Saponins, tannins, alkaloid flavonoids, balsam, anthraquinones and phenols were extracted in an acidic medium. Twelve microorganisms (8 bacterial species... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2013.0430[Article Number: B97BB0C62184]
Research in the area of herbal psychopharmacology has increased considerably over the past few decades in search of panacea for neuroprotection. Seaweeds are one of the herbal sources consumed in many Asian countries as medicine due to their remarkable bioprospecting properties and evident health benefits. Keeping in view the bioactive potential of seaweeds, the present study was designed to evaluate the... Read more.
Page 1 of 9, showing 20 records out of 170 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20