Articles

 

Articles

Page 2 of 1126, showing 50 records out of 56251 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100

June 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
On-farm description and status of Nuer (Abigar) cattle breed in Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Gambella Regional State (GRS) in order to characterize the Abigar cattle breed phenotypically at its breeding tract. It was done purposively in four selected districts of the region using extensive field surveys, morphological measurements and focused group discussions on the origin, distribution, current status and future threats, production and reproduction characteristics of Abigar cattle...

Author(s): Nakachew Minuye, Girma Abebe and Tadelle Dessie  

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Growth and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars as influenced by rates of phosphorus at Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important food and cash crop in southwest Ethiopia with multiple uses. Productivity of the crop is, however, low at national as well as regional levels, mainly due to low soil fertility. Phosphorus (P) deficiency is particularly important in acid soils of southwest Ethiopia affecting growth and yield of seed legumes in general and that of common beans in particular. Therefore, a...

Author(s): Amanuel Alemu, Amisalu Nebiyu, and Merkeb Getachew  

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Yield and agronomic performances of desi type chickpea genotypes against acidic soil of Western Ethiopia

Currently, 40% of arable land in Ethiopia is affected by acidity and particularly the soil acidity problem that occurs in central and western zones of Oromia deserves immediate intervention for crop production. The objective of the present study was to examine responses of Desi type chickpea varieties against acidic soil of western Ethiopia. Pooled analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated significant difference among...

Author(s): Biru Alemu and Dagnachew Lule  

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Heavy metals pollution index of surface water from Commodore channel, Lagos, Nigeria

Surface water pollution poses a major risk to all biotic entities dependent on the water body. This study assessed the surface water quality of commodore channel, Lagos lagoon with respect to its heavy metals pollution level using indexing approach to determine the sources of heavy metal and its associated pollution risk. Samples were collected at a depth of 10-15 cm within a distance of 4 km from the shore line. Metal...

Author(s): Charles Izuma Addey, Nubi Olubunmi Ayoola, Adelopo Abdulganiyu Omobolaji and Oginni Emmanuel Tolulope

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of water quality in the lower Nyong estuary (Cameroon, Atlantic Coast) from environmental variables and phytoplankton communities’ composition

The aim of this study was to provide a first-hand water quality assessment of the River Nyong estuary, Southern Atlantic coast of Cameroon. Environmental variables and phytoplankton communities were monitored at four surface stations in the estuary for 2 season cycles from 2014 to 2015. A total of 208 species of phytoplankton, belonging to five (5) groups of microalgae, were identified. The Shannon-Weaver diversity...

Author(s): Anselme Crepin Mama, Gisele Flodore Youbouni Ghepdeu, Jules Rémi Ngoupayou Ndam, Manfred Desire Bonga, Fils Mammert Onana and Raphaël Onguene

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Bacterial community changes during composting of municipal crop waste using low technology methods as revealed by 16S rRNA

Bacterial communities are actively involved in composting process but the environment within the compost influences their diversity, abundance and succession. In this study, the authors investigated the bacterial communities in tropical crop waste compost using pyrosequencing. Municipal crop wastes from the tropics (Uganda) were composted under four different low-technology methods. Samples were collected from the early...

Author(s): John Baptist Tumuhairwe and John Stephen Tenywa

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Income contribution and adoption potential of apple based agroforestry on homestead farms in West and North Shoa zones of Ethiopia

To reduce the local people high reliance on the remnant forest, the then Forestry Research Center and GTZ introduced and provided Apple tree seedlings for selected residents in the West and North Shoa Zones of Ethiopia two decades ago. However, despite the provision of such variety of seedlings, a study that assessed the contribution of the fruit trees to the household economy improvement, and the various determinant...

Author(s): Lemlem Tajebe and Asfaw Gelan

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
A study on prisoner population and food demand in Malawi prisons

While Malawi’s per capita cereal production may be higher than her per capita cereal consumption, Malawi is a net cereal importer and thus food insecure. The food situation is much worse in Malawi’s prisons because inmates generally eat one meal per day. The general objective of this study was to project prisoner population and food demand for ten years, from 2015 to 2025. Using structured questionnaires in...

Author(s): Hastings B. Moloko, Davis H. Ng’ong’ola, Joseph Dzanja and Thabie Chilongo

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Assessment of the factors affecting the performance of micro and small scale enterprise: The case of Wolkite town, Guraghe zone, Southern Ethiopia

Currently, the Ethiopian government gives a great emphasis on the growth of micro and small-scale enterprises. Besides, some empirical studies were conducted to identify the factors affecting the performance of micro and small-scale enterprises in this town. For the sake of achieving this goal most important primary sources of data were collected through survey questionnaire from samples of 30 peoples by means of the...

Author(s): Deksiso Guye Gelgelu

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Gender and youth challenges and opportunities in rural community: The case of Goregora, West Dembia district of North West Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Goregora, North West Ethiopia. The main objective of the study was to analyze gender role, gender and youth challenges and opportunities in the study area. Two stage sampling technique was employed. Male (32) and female (28), in total 60 sample respondents were interviewed. The sample size for this study was a function of the variability of the population characteristics, time and resource...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke Kassa and Kefale Eniyew  

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Participatory evaluation of the adaptability of released maize varieties to moisture stress areas of Dugda Dawa, southern Oromia

Maize is an essential food crop in Ethiopia. The experiment was conducted to establish and select adaptable maize variety/ies with better agronomic performance and to familiarize farmers with improved agronomic practices for moisture stress within the study area. The experiment was conducted on agro-pastoralists’ land by the researcher together with some selected members of agro-pastoralists. Three maize varieties...

Author(s): Natol Bakala, Tolasa Taye, Dirriba Mangistu, Belda Idao and Ahmed Mohamed  

June 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Determination of pH and water holding capacity of beef from selected butcher shops of Mekelle, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the water holding capacity (WHC) of beef sold in selected butcher shops of Mekelle, Ethiopia and to establish the effects of pre-slaughter rests and age of the animals with pH and WHC of the meats. A total of 80 samples from 80 randomly selected butcher shops were sampled in 6 months study period of time, from May to October. Each sample was accompanied by...

Author(s): Haileslassie W/mariam Gebrehiwot, Endale Balcha, Yohanes Hagos and Kidane W/rkelul

June 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Tungiasis: An Overview

Tungiasis exists worldwide with varying degrees of incidence and prevalence. The aim of this paper was to review the existing literature concerning Tungiasis. Tungiasis has been shown to be a public health concern for resource-poor rural communities in developing countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, Cameroon, Trinidad, Tobago, and Brazil, where its prevalence has been known to reach 50%. As a literatures reviewed, poor...

Author(s): Bashahun G. Michael, Chaltu Fikru and Taye Teka  

June 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Spatial distribution of fresh water snail intermediate host in Yenagoa Metropolis, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Field investigation to establish the density of fresh water snail intermediate host in four water bodies of Yenagoa metropolis were carried out during January to March, 2016.  Snails were collected in each water body using scooping and handpicking methods. The identification of snails and the determination of physico-chemical parameter of the water body followed standard procedures. Three snail species were...

Author(s): Amawulu Ebenezer, , Eze Chinwe Nwadiuto and Obi Benefiezibe Blessing

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of food insecurity and coping strategies of rural households: The case of Shalla District, West Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Food security at the household level in the rural areas of Ethiopia has remained a challenging goal until today. The design and implementation of effective measures to reduce household food insecurity needs an in depth understanding of its covariates. As a result, this study was conducted with the specific objectives of estimating the situation, extent and severity of food insecurity, identifying factors influencing...

Author(s): Ahmed Kasim Dube, Jema Haji and Lemma Zemedu

June 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Disparities in adverse pregnancy outcomes between advanced maternal age and younger age in Ethiopia: Institution based comparative cross-sectional study

Women older than 35 years are known to beat “advanced maternal age" and considered to be at risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. Data, on adverse birth outcomes and the risk factors are still scarce in developing countries including Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to examine the obstetrical outcomes among primiparous and multiparous women of advanced age (35 and above) when compared to the younger  age...

Author(s): Mekiya Ediris, Tefera Belachew, Fekadu Yadassa and Kidest Getu  

June 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Short-term amelioration of soil properties and maize yield enhancement using animal wastes in degraded hydromorphic soils of Southeastern Nigeria

Amending  soil  with animal wastes can be useful in food production as well as a means of  waste disposal. It has been found to enhance physico-chemical properties and enhance yield. Poultry manure (PM), swine waste (SW), cow dung (CD), and sewage sludge (SS) were added to a hydromorphic ultisol (sandy loam, typic haplusult at the rate of 10 tha-1 (12 kgplot-1)). Maize hybrid (Oba super II) was used as...

Author(s): Okenmuo F. C., Odii O. U. and Okolo C. C.  

June 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Drying characteristics and antioxidant properties of Java plum seed and skin waste

Java plum seeds and skin wastes recovered after passing fruits through a pulper were separated manually and dried in tray/fluidised bed drier at 50, 70 and 90˚C or in freeze drier at -55°C at 4.4 torr. Drying behaviour of java plum seeds and skin followed falling rate period and described adequately by Page's model. Drying rate constant was higher for fluidized bed drier varying from 0.00163 to 0.255406 h-1 for...

Author(s): Amritpal Kaur, Dilpreet Singh, Harpreet Kaur and Dalbir Singh Sogi  

June 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Biochemical analysis and toxicity studies of some heavy metals and their correlation with different diseases

The problem of heavy metal toxicity is a burning issue all over the world and more prominent in countries like Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Often times, it is seen that the people of the affected areas are unaware of the toxic effects of these metals. Medical practitioners at the same time did not investigate the presence of heavy metals in the body. The present study aims to analyze the concentration of toxic heavy...

Author(s): Muhammad Jahangir, Hafiz Muhammad Faizan Haider, Zafar Niaz, Sajid Abaidullal and Dawood Ilyas Minhas

June 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Malaria prone area analysis and mapping using geospatial tools: The case of Amibara and Gewane Woreda, afar region, Ethiopia

Malaria is one of the most killer diseases in our planet earth. It is the primary cause of patient talks, admissions and demise every year in Ethiopia. It is important to reduce the transmission and effects of the problem identifying and mapping the malaria risk area using geospatial technologies. The general objective of the study is to analyze and map malaria prone areas using geospatial tools in Amibara and Gewanie...

Author(s): Mohammed Motuma Assen  

June 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Identity conflicts as challenge to political stability in West Africa

This paper concerns itself with establishing the nexus between identity conflict and its impacts on socio-economic and political relations in the West African context. The effort is motivated by the observable incidences of incessant violent conflicts and wars, all fought on the basis of ethnic and religious fault lines that threaten the stability and cohesion of the sub region in its evolution towards becoming...

Author(s): Ayuba Caleb and Ismaila A. Danjuma

June 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Strategic dynamic thinking to manage public order: A systemic approach

Security in post-conflict zones is a priority. However, strategists find it difficult to understand how to keep low Public Order Incidents. System Dynamics and a Strategic Point of View were used to develop a frame to learn about Public Order Incidents applied to the Colombian Case. A Working Dynamic Hypothesis and Simulation Model were developed to advance understanding of the problem. It was discovered that Public...

Author(s): J. A. Parra-Valencia, A. R. Lizcano and E. Pineda

June 2018

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Typhoid fever outbreak investigation in Ofla Woreda, Southern Zone of Tigray Region, Ethiopia, 2016: An unmatched 1:2 case-control

Typhoid fever (TF) is a systemic infection caused by the bacterium, Salmonella typhi. Globally, 22 million illnesses and 216,000 deaths occurred annually. The woreda WAS have alerted the outbreak on 27 July, 2016. The objective of this study was to investigate typhoid fever outbreak in Dera Kebele of Ofla woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Here, we defined a suspected TF case as any person with gradual onset of remittent...

Author(s): Zerihun Degebasa Mamo, Aselefech Addisu and Taklu Marama

June 2018

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Effects of a pasture-based pork production system on the expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism and meat quality characteristics

Studies have shown that pasture-raised pork is fresher and of higher nutritional value than its conventional counterpart. This study was to determine the effect of grazing systems on meat quality, carcass traits, and on lipid metabolism gene expressions. Control pigs were fed 100% commercial diet. Fifty/fifty (50/50) group was placed on 50% of the diet consumed by control group plus free access to ryegrass-clover...

Author(s): N. Okoli, N. Ceron-Romero, Y. Meng and M. O. Ezekwe

June 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Influence of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Assosa, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Potato is one of the most important food security and cash crops in Ethiopia. It is constrained by poor soil fertility. A field experiment was conducted at Assosa Agricultural Research Centre to investigate the effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on the growth performance and yield of potato. The experiment was laid out as a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in 4×6 factorial arrangement of...

Author(s): Habtam Setu, Nigussie Dechassa and Yibekal Alemayehu

June 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
The role of women in livelihood security at household level among pastoral and agro-pastoral societies of Ethiopian Somali region: The case of two selected districts from Fafen zone of Ethiopian Somali Region

The study aims to explore the major roles women play in livelihood security among Ethiopian Somali Pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in selected two districts.  Even though the study is more of qualitative, quantitative method was also employed to some extent to gather information that couldn’t be captured via qualitative research method.  A total of 722 women were sampled and participated on...

Author(s): Belay Womber Gurmu  

June 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Multiplication of a woody forest gallery species: Pterocarpus santalinoides L’Hér. ex DC.

With climatic change, and despite their protection by the Malian forest code, species characterizing the natural forest galleries of rivers in southern Mali are threatened with extinction because of the development of agricultural parcels. A study of seeds germination and the growth of branch cuttings of Pterocarpus santalinoides L’Hér. ex DC. were carried out for multiplication of this typical gallery...

Author(s): Lassina Traoré, Moussa Karembé and Doulaye Dembélé  

June 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of inorganic NP fertilizers and vermicompost on growth, seed yield and yield components of onion (Allium cepa L.) at Maitsebri, northern Ethiopia

The NP fertilizer or organic resources alone may not provide sufficient amounts or may be unsuitable for alleviating specific constraints to crop production. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Maitsebri Research Station of Shire-Maitsebri Agricultural Research Center (SMARC) to study the effect of inorganic NP fertilizers and vermicompost on growth, seed yield and yield components of red onion (Allium cepa...

Author(s): Kiros Asgele, Kebede Woldetsadik and Fikreyohannes Gedamu  

June 2018

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Screen house management of Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) in UC82B Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with leaf extract of Jatropha curcas

Screen house experiment to determine the effect of the aqueous leaf extract of Jatropha on the control of Meloidogyne javanica infections on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) was conducted at Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu in, 2016. UC82B tomato was used as the test crop. The test crop was planted in pots filled with 5 kg sterilized soil. Each pot was inoculated with 3000 M. javanica eggs collected from the...

Author(s): Solomon Ifeayoluchi  Ogwulumba and Ijeoma Constance Ogwulumba

June 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Indices of working condition as determinant of job performance of librarians in academic libraries in South-East, Nigeria

Working condition being implemented in various academic libraries could disrupt or enhance effective provision of information services by the librarians. This research investigated two indices of working condition as determinant factors on job performance of librarians in academic libraries in south east geo political zone of Nigeria. A total of 261 librarians were used for this study. The t-test statistical technique...

Author(s): Francisca Mbagwu, Ifeyinwa Okoye, Peter Moneke and Rosemary Abanum

June 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Physical, chemical parameters and plankton in a tropical earthen pond catfish farm in Badagry, Nigeria

The physico-chemical parameters and plankton abundance of four artificial fish ponds in Omageyu Farms, Ijotun, Badagry, Nigeria was studied and analysed using standard methods monthly from June to December 2015. Water temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen ranged from 27.80 to 32.00°C, 6.90 to 7.40 and 6.80 to 10.00 mg/l, respectively in the four ponds. Water temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen in Pond A were...

Author(s): Martins Agenuma Anetekhai, Edwin Oritseweyinmi Clarke, Oluwayemisi Adebisi Osodein and Morenikeji Tolulope Dairo

June 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Substitution of the fish meal by the earthworm and maggot meal in the feed of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus reared in freshwater

The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of dietary protein from maggot meal and earthworm meal to replace fish meal protein in Oreochromis niloticus juvenile feed. The fish used for this experiment come from the experience of the larval phase during which fish were fed with the formulated diets [fish diet (FD), maggot diet (MD) and earthworm diet (ED)] content 40% crude protein and the commercial...

Author(s): Medard GBAI, N’golo OUATTARA, Yacouba BAMBA, Mamadou OUATTARA, Allassane OUATTARA and Kouakou YAO  

June 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Applications of Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities in the mapping structure of linear operator

By applications of Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities, several sufficient conditions in terms of hypergeometric inequalities were found such that the linear operator   preserves and transforms certain well known subclasses of univalent functions to another classes. Relevant connections of our work with the earlier work is pointed out. Key words: Analytic function, subordination, starlike function, convex...

Author(s): T. Panigrahi and R. El-Ashwah

June 2018

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Phytochemical screening and antibacterial susceptibility of Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates on Acacia ataxacantha leaves

Acacia ataxacanta leaves were screened for possible constituents, and the antimicrobial properties of the leaves were tested against 18 isolates of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The leaves were aseptically collected and crude extracts were prepared by cold maceration in 98% methanol. Phytochemical analysis for bioactive constituents revealed that it contained carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, steroids, saponins,...

Author(s): Madubuike S. A. , Mailafia S., Ode O. J. and Okpo N.  

June 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal effects of ethyl acetate root bark extract of Terminalia avicennioides on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Root bark extract of Terminalia avicennioides was obtained by cool maceration with 750 ml n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, independently for 48 h using soxhlet extractor. ATCC 33591 standard strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was used. Strain resistance to methicillin/oxacillin antibiotic was verified by a retest of its sensitivity to oxacillin antibiotic. The antimicrobial...

Author(s): Adim Ekene Ugochukwu, Dingwoke Emeka John, Adamude Fatima Amin, Edenta Chidi, Nwobodo Ndubuisi Nwobodo, Offiah Raymond Ogbonna, Onyeka Ifeanyi Peter and Ezeaku Ikenna Nnamdi

June 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Histological and histochemical assessements on the effect of ethanol fruit extract of Phoenix dactylifera L. (Date Palm) on cerebral cortex of lead acetate treated wistar rats

This study histologically and histochemically assess the effect of ethanol fruit extract of Phoenix dactylifera L. (EFPD) on the cerebral cortex of lead acetate exposed Wistar rats. Twenty rats were grouped into five groups (A to E, n=4). Group A (control) was administered distilled water (2 ml/kg), while groups B to E were treatment groups. Cerebral damage was induced in rats by the administration of lead acetate (120...

Author(s): Stephen Samuel Lazarus, Samuel Sunday Adebisi, Yusuf Tanko, Abel Nosereme Agbon and Michael Ndomi Budaye

June 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Determination of egg production and weight in layers experimentally infected with Salmonella gallinarum

The present study was conducted to determine egg production and weight in layers experimentally infected with Salmonella gallinarum. Twenty layers were used for the research. The layers were purchased at the age of 18 weeks from certified commercial poultry farm in Kujama farm, Kaduna State, Nigeria and housed in the Animal Research Unit of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello...

Author(s): Mohammed Adam Chiroma, Sani Adamu, Joseph John Gadzama, King Akpofure Nelson Esievo, Abdulsalam Hassan, Arhyel Gana Balami, Muhammad Ya’u, Ibrahim Bulama and Lekko Yusuf Madaki

June 2018

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis
Prevalence of Smear positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) and Associated Factors among PTB Suspects Attending Harar Tuberculosis Control Center, Harar, Ethiopia

Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be an important public health problem worldwide. It is a leading cause of disability and death in many parts of the world especially in the developing countries. Ethiopia has already a record of history of TB around greater than 58 years. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Harar TB control center. A health...

Author(s): Hylemariam Mihiretie, Daniel Getacher, Yaregal Araya, Diriba Gemechu, Eskedar Taye and Berhanu Seyoum  

June 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Fungal metagenomes in polyherbal medicines used for the treatment of tuberculosis

The traditional systems of medicine have significantly become more accepted in the developed and developing countries due to their curative property, less toxicity and minimal side effects. However, several studies have shown that they are associated with microbial contaminants. This study aimed at identifying fungi in nine polyherbal medicines used for the treatment of tuberculosis in Eastern Cape Province, South...

Author(s): Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke and Anthony Jide Afolayan

June 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Women autonomy and maternal healthcare services utilization among young ever-married women in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the lifetime risk of death from pregnancy or childbirth complications is 1 in 30. Maternal healthcare utilization is the only intervention to reduce the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity. But its utilization is influenced by varying factors out of which autonomy of young married women has been relegated. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between young women’s socio-demographic...

Author(s): Awoleye Abayomi F, Victor Chima and Alawode Oluwatobi A

June 2018

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Isolation and characterisation of chemical compounds from the plants, Phytolacca octandra (L.), Phytolacca dodecandra (L'Herit) and Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) commonly used to control schistosomiasis transmitting snails in Kenya

Schistosomiasis is a widespread parasitic infection globally but more so in sub-Saharan Africa which accounts for about 90% of those seeking treatment globally. Fresh water aquatic snails are intermediate hosts of parasites causing the disease. Niclosamide was approved by the World Health Organization to be the main molluscicide used in the control of the snails. However, many plant species could be used as alternative...

Author(s): Kariuki S. T., Kariuki J. M., Mailu B. M. and Muchiri D. R.  

June 2018

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Wunania Kosoye natural attraction, Ethiopia: Conservation values and their relevance to community-based ecotourism

Community based ecotourism is one of the most rapidly growing industries in the world, and also an economic activity that can encourage local people in developing countries to protect and preserve natural resources. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of Wunania Konoye for conservation and community-based ecotourism development. Cross sectional study design with both quantitative and qualitative methods was used...

Author(s): Endalkachew Teshome  

June 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
The role of productive processes on the implementation of differential advantage approach in Kenya “OVOP” projects

The study sought to fill an information gap of streamlining productive processes in the implementation of differential advantage approach in Kenya OVOP projects. Since the adoption of One Village One Product (OVOP) movement has been faced with implementation challenges, inadequate resources, and capacities inhibiting its momentum in Kenya. Similarly, lack of political commitment, leadership and mutual cooperation among...

Author(s): Nyamu G. K., Wagah G. G. and Obala L. M.

June 2018

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health
Predictors of stimulants use among physicians in a Nigerian tertiary health institution in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria

Studies suggest that prevalence rates of stimulants use and abuse among healthcare professionalss is similar to rates in the general population. Majority of the studies on stimulants use carried out in Nigeria mainly focused on students of secondary and tertiary institutions, thus, there is the need to conduct similar study among physicians in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the pattern and predictors of the use of...

Author(s): Habibullah Adamu, Muhammad Mubarak Ahmad, Kabiru Mudi, Kabiru Muhammad Dakani and Abdulfatai Tomori Bakare

June 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students towards complementary and alternate medicine

Complementary and alternative medicine has been an important part of Pakistani culture for a long time. Whilst it is widely practiced amongst the general population, this study aims to determine attitude and practices of medical students towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and their willingness to learn about them and give advice to their patients about it in future. Cross sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): Fauzia Imtiaz, Abeera Junaid, Sarmad Pirzada, Arham younus and Rafay Amir  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Does sustainability foster the cost of equity reduction? The relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and riskiness worldwide

The relationship between sustainable practices and a firm’s financial performance is an open debate among academics, managers and investors worldwide. Despite large literature in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate financial performance (CFP), there is still a lack of unanimous consensus around the impact of sustainability on a firm’s economic achievements. This study aims to...

Author(s): Antonio Salvi, Felice Petruzzella and Anastasia Giakoumelou  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Innovation team composition: The enabling role of the individual emotive outlook

Despite increased attention to innovation teams in the workplace, composition criteria for implementation success remain unclear. This paper aims to provide a multi-disciplinary perspective on the psychological characteristics of innovation team members. This pragmatic, mixed-method convergent parallel design study examines and compares the emotive outlook profiles and patterns of successful and unsuccessful innovation...

Author(s): Christina Swart-Opperman and Kurt April

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Realizing energy management practices as a competitive strategy among manufacturing firms in Kenya: An alternative outlook

The Kenya’s Energy Management Regulations (2012) spells out a raft of actions that consumers of electricity and petroleum products can implement so as to enhance energy efficiency, reduction of energy costs and creation of surplus for distribution. However, few manufacturing companies have carried out implementation. The regulations create avenues for enforcements and promotion of energy management practices...

Author(s): Kiptum Henry Yatich  

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
The “Doctrine of Signatures” in herbal prescriptions in Ikale and Ilaje communities of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria

The knowledge and application of the notion of “doctrine of signatures or correspondences” was evaluated among the Ikale and Ilaje people of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria. Information was solicited by administering questionnaires to one hundred and five (105) informants. Periodic field observations were also made. The research yielded 60 plants belonging to 37 families. The plants have characteristics...

Author(s): Aworinde David Olaniran, Erinoso Sakiru Morenikeji, Ogundele Alimi Adeyemi, Teniola Olasimbo Anuoluwapo and Ojo Samuel Omoniyi

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ameliorative effects of glabridin on the structure and function of pancreas in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Several studies highlight beneficial effect of glabridin as an anti-hyperglycemic agent. However, the protective mechanisms of glabridin on improvement of pancreatic islets damage due to streptozotocin (STZ) exposure have not been adequately investigated. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the effects of glabridin on restoration of pancreatic islet architecture, at least in part by restoring collagen I and...

Author(s): Jongdee Nopparat, Wipapan Khimmaktong, Paweena Sanpradit and Rapeepan Kongnual

Page 2 of 1126, showing 50 records out of 56251 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100