Articles

 

Articles

Page 4 of 1125, showing 50 records out of 56245 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality attributes of homemade tomato sauce stored at different temperatures

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is processed into different products including tomato sauce. The aim of this study was to determine the quality attributes of homemade tomato sauce during storage at 6 and 30°C for 8 weeks. At 4 weeks, there were no significant changes in sensory attributes during storage at both 6 and 30°C. There were significant differences (P˂0.05) of sensory attributes after 6 weeks. Sauce...

Author(s): Smith Gilliard Nkhata and Emmanuel Owino Ayua

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality of porridge from sub-Saharan Africa evaluated using instrumental techniques and descriptive sensory lexicon. Part 2: Thin porridge

Thin porridge is a popular nourishment drink for adults and complementary food for children in sub-Saharan Africa. It is made from straight (unblended) or composite flours of maize, sorghum, finger millet and cassava in neutral or chemically-acidified media, or after spontaneous fermentation of the flours. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of type of composite flour and pH on the sensory quality of...

Author(s): Calvin Onyango and George W. Wanjala

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Two withanolides from Withania somnifera (solanaceae) and activity of methanolic extracts against fungal and bacterial pathogens that affects food crops

Methanolic extract obtained from the dried leaves of Withania Somnifera was subjected to column chromatography leading to the isolation of two withanolides. Their structures were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The isolated withanolides were determined to be 5α, 17β-dihydroxy-6α, 7β-epoxy-1-oxo-witha-2, 24-dienolide (1) and 4, 5, 6, 15-tetrahydroxy-1-oxo-witha-7-enolide (2). The...

Author(s): Regina Chepkorir, Josphat Clement Matasyoh and Isabel N. Wagara

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
How far can climate changes help to conserve and restore Garcinia kola Heckel, an extinct species in the wild in Benin (West Africa)

A study was conducted to assess how well climate changes can help to conserve and restore Garcinia kola Heckel in the Protected Area Network (PAN) and in urban areas in Benin. To achieve this, occurrence data from GBIF was used and the environmental data from AfriClim was used in order to model the species’ potential habitat under current and future climates. The maximum entropy modeling approach of MaxEnt was...

Author(s): Akotchiffor Kévin G. DJOTAN, Augustin Kossi N. AOUDJI, Sylvie Akouavi F. CODJIA, Alain J. GBÈTOHO, Kourouma KOURA and Jean Cossi GANGLO

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Habitat biophysical and spatial patterns assessment within Oti-Keran-Mandouri protected area network in Togo

Oti-Keran-Mandouri (OKM) is part of the elephant historical range and one of the priority corridors proposed for elephant conservation in West Africa. However, its potentialities to be a functional corridor are yet to be evaluated in a context of increasing anthropogenic pressure. This study aims at assessing habitat biophysical patterns and fragmentation level. A multicriteria evaluation using fuzzy logic was performed...

Author(s): Aniko Polo-Akpisso, Fousseni Folega, Ouattara Soulemane, Wouyo Atakpama, Mamadou Coulibaly, Kpérkouma Wala, Achim Röder, Koffi Akpagana and Tano Yao

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Effects of bush encroachment on plant composition, diversity and carbon stock in Borana rangelands, Southern Ethiopia

Bush encroachment is reducing rangeland productivity in Borana rangelands. This study was conducted in Teltele Woreda of Borana zone, to evaluate the effects of bush encroachment on plant species composition, diversity and its contribution to carbon stock. Bush encroached, non-encroached and bush thinned rangeland types were selected for the study. Nested plots for collecting tree, shrub, herbaceous and soil data were...

Author(s): Siraj Kelil Gobelle and Abdella Gure

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Study of floral diversity from rural pockets of Odisha, India: Plants for fun and games

In earlier days, children used to play in outdoors with plant parts and their products for fun making and games. However with modernity and advancement in science and technology, this indigenous knowledge is vanishing day by day. There is no scientific documentation of plants being used for fun and games by children. The present study carried out in different tribal and non-tribal village schools of Koraput and Khordha...

Author(s): Mahendra K. Satapathy, Sidhanta S. Bisoi and Sanjeeb K. Das

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors affecting implementation of integrated community case management of childhood illnesses in South West Shoa Zone, Central Ethiopia

Integrated community case management (ICCM) is a program that allowed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) treat the three most common childhood illnesses: pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria through delivering a closer and accessible care. In Ethiopia, this proven strategy was being implemented in selected districts of the regions but there were no sufficient evidences to decision-makers for improvement interventions....

Author(s): Wase Benti Hailu, Waju Beyene Salgedo and Ayinengida Adamu Walle  

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with sputum conversion in a multinational population of tuberculosis patients

Various factors had been related with sputum conversion in tuberculosis patients, which constituted an essential indicator of the effectiveness of treatment and the infectivity of patients. The study evaluates the factors related with smear sputum conversion in pulmonary tuberculosis. A retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis was performed from January 2013 to September 2016 in Cuban...

Author(s): Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Francisco Gutierrez García, Victor E. Ramírez Zenón and Ramón N Alfonso Serrano

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Satisfaction of maternal care among women delivered at Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital, Bure, West Gojjam, Amhara, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Maternal satisfaction is a means of evaluating quality of maternal health care given in health facilities. The objective  was to assess the level of maternal  satisfaction and associated factors  at  Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital. Cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 clients by systematic sampling method from February 8, 2017 to September 25, 2017. Structured questionnaire that was...

Author(s): Gizew Dessie Asres

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Maternal dietary and nutritional characteristics as predictor of newborn birth weight in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

Maternal nutrition plays a major role in influencing fetal growth and birth outcomes. It is a modifiable risk factor which drags a significant public health consideration to avert adverse birth outcomes, specially, in low and middle income countries. Suboptimal dietary and nutritional characteristics and low birth weight are prevalent in the present study setting. This study was conducted to assess the association of...

Author(s): Hawi Goshu, Melese Sinaga Teshome and Kalkidan Hassen Abate  

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Socio-demographic determinants of health support services among orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria

Worldwide, the population of orphans and vulnerable children is estimated to be around 160 million with sub-Sahara Africa accounting for 80% of these children owing largely to the effect of HIV/AIDS, civil wars, road accidents, sectarian violence, terrorism, and other factors. Efforts have been made over the years by governments and development partners to mitigate the effects of orphanhood, but these efforts have...

Author(s): Chima Victor

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Biotransformation and detoxification of reactive black dye by Ganoderma tsugae

In this study, the decolourization potential of the white-rot fungus Ganoderma tsugae, which is capable of producing laccase was investigated to degrade reactive black dye. Biodegradation of reactive black dye was analyzed by using spectrophotometer at an absorbance of 585 nm. Laccase, manganese peroxidase and pH were served as biodegradation indices. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and gas chromatography mass...

Author(s): Zubbair N. A., Ajao A. T., Adeyemo E. O. and Adeniyi D. O.

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Screening of hydrocarbon degrading fungi in crude oil polluted soil isolated in the Niger Delta

Bioremediation has been argued to be cheaper and more environmental friendly when compared to other remediation technology. Bioremediation make use of the ability of bacteria and fungi to biodegrade organic compound to cleanup hydrocarbon pollution. Many fungi have been shown to biodegrade simple and complex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. In this study, petroleum hydrocarbon degrading fungi have been isolated and...

Author(s): Egbo, W. Mansi, Onyewuchi Akaranta and Gideon Abu

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Combining ability assessment in Helianthus annuus L. through line × tester analysis for quantitative traits and quality parameters

The cross combinations of different lines and testers (L×T) for high yielding sunflower (Helianthus annuus) hybrids were evaluated. Plant materials were utilized by L×T mating design of 7 lines and 3 testers and their 21 hybrids were sown in the field during 2015 autumn season in RCBD design with 3 replications. Genetic variability, general combing ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) among...

Author(s): Muhammad Azeem ur Rahman Khalid, Dr Muhammad Ahsan Iqbal, Muhammad Zubair, Amanullah Zafar, Asad Butt, Sulman Abid, Yasir Shahzad, Muhammad Ajmal and Ali Adnan Liaqat

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability and diversity studies in Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) genotypes based on cluster analysis using agronomic and quality traits in Southern Ethiopia

Genetic diversity is worthwhile for durum wheat breeding and consequently results in production of more efficient varieties under different conditions. Cluster analysis based on Euclidean distances was carried out with 21 durum wheat genotypes to assess the genetic diversity for agronomic and quality traits. The Unweighted Pair Group Average using Arithmetic Mean as linkage rule was used for the analysis of the...

Author(s): Yonas Shimelis, Wassu Mohammed and Tesfaye Letta

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Post-harvest evaluation of selected inbred lines to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais resistance

Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) is a major maize (Zea mays L.) storage insect pest in the tropics which reduces the quantity and quality of maize hence facilitating establishment of aflatoxin and other mycotoxins. The objective of this study was to evaluate maize weevil resistance on selected inbred lines. Twenty eight inbred lines with 2 checks (MTPO701-reistant and Duma 41-susceptible) were used in this...

Author(s): Khakata S., Mbute F. N., Chemining’wa G. N., Mwimali M., Karanja J., Harvey J. and Mwololo J. K.

May 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium bovis in Jalisco, Mexico: Tracing back sources of infection

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that presents risk to public health, causing severe economic losses to the livestock industry and difficulty in eradication because of its complex epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify relationships between Mycobacterium bovis strains from cattle in the State of Jalisco, and those of other States of México. Molecular fingerprints of 337 M. bovis...

Author(s): Sara González-Ruiz, Susana L. Sosa-Gallegos, Elba Rodríguez-Hernández, Susana Flores-Villalva, Sergio I. Román-Ponce, Isabel Bárcenas-Reyes, Germinal J. Cantó-Alarcón and Feliciano Milián-Suazo  

May 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of bovine of schistosomosis in and around Nekemte, East Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 at Guto Gida District, Nekemte, Ethiopia to determine the prevalence of bovine schistosomosis. Simple random sampling method was used to select the study animals and sedimentation technique was applied for finding Schistosoma eggs from fresh fecal samples. Out of 384 fecal samples examined, 22 were found positive indicating an overall prevalence of 5.7%...

Author(s): Abriham Kebede Jiregna Dugassa, Geremew Haile and Berhanu Wakjira

May 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Status of mange infestation in indigenous sheep and goats and their control practices in Wag-Himra zone, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to April 2017 to estimate the status of mange infestation in indigenous sheep and goats and identify the major species of mites and potential risk factors in selected districts with different agro-ecological zones of Wag-Himra zone. In addition, a questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the awareness and control practices of livestock owners on mange...

Author(s): Adane Agegnehu, Basaznew Bogale, Shimelis Tesfaye and Shimelis Dagnachew

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Technical evaluation of soil and water conservation measures in Maego Watershed, North Ethiopia

Soil and water conservation (SWC) practices have been carried out to solve land degradation problems in Ethiopia since the last 3 decades. Technical evaluation of the implemented SWC structures is essential for effectiveness and sustainability of the measures. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify and evaluate the technical quality of constructed physical SWC structures in Maego watershed, Ethiopia. The...

Author(s): Gebremariam Yaebiyo Dimtsu  

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Determination of cadmium, chromium and lead in four brands of herbal bitters preparation sold in Benin- city, Southern Nigeria

This study evaluated the level of three toxic heavy metals (cadmium, chromium and lead) in four selected brands of herbal bitter preparations sold in Benin City, Southern Nigeria purchased from chemists' shops, using the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometric technique. The result of the atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) analysis showed that Chromium (Cr) was not detected in any of the four brands. Lead (Pb)...

Author(s): Afieroho O. E., Achara F., Adewoyin B. and Abo K. A.

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Impact of productive safety net program in rural community of Ethiopia: A review study

Ethiopia lunched Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) as social protection program since 2005 to tackle the causes of food insecurity. Even though, the country lunched the PSNP there are different challenges that hinder proper implementation of program for attaining intended impact on rural community. This paper seeks to review the impact of Ethiopia’s PSNP and its implementation challenges through qualitative...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke Kassa

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Pollinator habitat: A cooperative project between the landfill industry and blueberry growers

Bee decline is a threat worldwide. An extension project was initiated to make the general public, industry, and municipalities aware of this problem. This study demonstrated pollinator habitat suitable for Maine farms by developing cooperation between the Maine wild blueberry industry and a regional commercial waste landfill. The reason for involving the landfill industry was to demonstrate and encourage non-farm...

Author(s): Alison C. Dibble, Megan Leach and Frank Drummond

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Farmers’ knowledge and practice of organic vegetable cultivation: A field level study of two villages from Bangladesh

The study aimed to determine farmers’ knowledge and practice regarding organic vegetable cultivation as well as to ascertain farmers’ awareness concerning health and environmental aspects. The study was conducted at two villages of Kishoregonj District. The selected villages were Shadullar Char and Borobag Char. The total number of household was 800 in two villages. Among them 400 households were randomly...

Author(s): Farouque M. G. and Sarker M. A.

May 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of chemical, botanical and cultural management options of termite in Tanqua Abergelle district, Ethiopia

The study was carried out to evaluate the effect of botanical, chemical and cultural methods on the management of termite in seedling beds of hot pepper in Tanqua Abergelle district of Sheka Tekli during 2015-2016. The experiment comprised of treatments including Neem Leaf extract, wood ash, Dursban and control and each treatment was applied at 40 kg ha-1, 10000 kg ha-1, and 0.5 L ha-1 respectively. The experiment was...

Author(s): Atsbha Gebreslasie and Hintsa Meressa  

May 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Response of onion (Allium cepa l.) to deficit irrigation under different furrow irrigation water management techniques in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia

Scarcity of water is the most severe constraint for development of agriculture in arid and semi-arid areas. Under this condition, the need to use the available water economically and efficiently is unquestionable. Based on the actual crop need, irrigation management has to be improved so that the water supply to the crop can be reduced while still achieving high yield. A field experiment was carried out at Mehoni...

Author(s): Yemane Mebrahtu, Abraham Woldemichael and Solomon Habtu  

May 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Ethnopharmacological studies of plants used for the treatment of rheumatic affections in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Plants are a considerable source of active substances which are exploited in the treatment of several diseases, among which are rheumatic affections. This study aimed to explore the knowledge of traditional practitioners and patients on medicinal plant species of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, used for the treatment of rheumatic affections. Direct interviews with open-ended and closed-ended questionnaires were used to...

Author(s): Estelle Noëla Hoho Youl, Joëlle W. Stephanie Tiendrebeogo, Fasteylah Y. Hounlidji, Frank Edgard R. Zongo, Aminata Nacoulma, Innocent Pierre Guissou and  Dieu-Donné Ouedraogo  

May 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Comparative effects of newly introduced and adopted chemical N and P fertilizers on wheat growth, yield and yield components

Soil fertility decline is one of the prime factors contributing to low productivity of crops and food insecurity in Ethiopia. To alleviate this problem and achieve maximum yield, identifying suitable agronomic inputs such as N and P types in wheat production systems is very important. The aim of this study was therefore, to estimate the effects of different N and P fertilizer types and rates on growth, yield and yield...

Author(s): Tarekegn Yoseph, Tewodros Ayalew, Xinzhu Li, He Jigang and Tingshuai Yan  

May 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Post-harvest evaluation of selected hybrids to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais resistance

Sitophilus zeamais has been identified as one of the most destructive pests of maize stored in tropical regions. While most maize hybrids are being developed, it is necessary to evaluate their resistance to this pest. This study determined the resistance of selected maize hybrids to infestation by S. zeamais. Twenty two hybrids with varying resistance to weevil infestation and two checks DUMA 41-suceptible and...

Author(s): Khakata S., Nzuve F. M., Chemining’wa G. N., Mwimali M., Karanja J., Harvey J. and Mwololo J. K.  

May 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Efficacy of solvent extracts of Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth and Milletia ferruginea (Hochest) Baker leaves against maize weevils, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) of stored maize in Ethiopia

Distilled water, acetone and ethanol (polar solvent) extracts from 20 g/100 ml and 30 g/100 ml levels of extraction of Calpurnia aurea and Milletia ferruginea were tested as protectant against maize weevils in maize grains under laboratory condition. They were applied at a rate of 10 and 15% (w/v) in admixture bioassays from both of the aforementioned extraction levels. Parental weevil’s mortality, F1 progeny...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy, and Emana Getu  

May 2018

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels
Biodiesel potentials of two phenotypes of Cyperus esculentus unconventional oils

Two varieties of Cyperus esculentus, identified by their phenotype (black or yellow) were collected from Benin. To investigate their biodiesel profiles, the roots were extracted with hexane. Physicochemical properties and fuel profiles of obtained oils (YCE and BCE, respectively Yellow C. esculentus and Black C. esculentus) were determined by following standards methods. Although the major physicochemical properties...

Author(s): Assou Sidohounde, Cokou Pascal Agbangnan Dossa, Guevara Nonviho, Sourou Papin Montcho and Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue

May 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Zooplankton communities as an indicator of ecosystem productivity in Lake Tinishu Abaya, Rift Valley, Ethiopia

The ultimate objective of this study was, to explore community structure and biomass of zooplankton in relation to key environmental drivers to bear out the productivity of Lake Tinishu Abaya. Zooplankton samples collection was carried out for a year from January to December 2016 from two sampling sites (open and shore) using 30 µm mesh size net within the euphotic depth. Biomass of zooplankton was anticipated...

Author(s): Yirga Enawgaw and Brook Lemma  

May 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Children’s perspectives of their psychosocial well-being in Tanzanian orphanages

The aim of this study was to explore factors affecting the wellbeing of institutionalized orphaned children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A descriptive qualitative study was used to collect data from Tanzanian orphaned children receiving orphanage care. Purposive sampling was employed to select 10 orphanage centers from which 123 orphaned children were recruited. A semi-structured interview guide relevant to the study...

Author(s): Agnes Cyril Msoka and Eleanor Holroyd  

May 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Longitudinal changes among adolescents`well-being at school and the importance of gender and overweight

The experience of well-being at school, both in the recesses and at school lessons, is of great importance for all students. The Norwegian school laws confirm that every student has the right to experience well-being at school, which will lead to healthiness and good learning. Literature search indicates that there is a lack of longitudinal studies in relation to the development of students` well-being at recesses and...

Author(s): Grandemo Liv Iren and Lagestad Pål Arild

May 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence, intensity and major species of gastrointestinal parasites of donkeys in Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha District, Central Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence, intensity and risk factors of major gastrointestinal parasites of donkeys in Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha district, Central Ethiopia. A total of 525 faecal samples were co-prologically examined for gastrointestinal parasites infections. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) parasite infestation was high (98.67%), with females more infested...

Author(s): Midekso Sankuro, Kemal Kedir Elemo and Birihanu Mekibib  

May 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Administrative challenges and principals’ managerial effectiveness in Ogun State public secondary schools

This study examined administrative challenges and principals’ managerial effectiveness in Ogun State secondary schools. The study population was 13,123 teachers in the state’s secondary schools from which a sample of 900 teachers was drawn from 35 schools using simple random and proportionate random sampling techniques. A self-developed instrument tagged Administrative Challenges and Principals’...

Author(s): Olorunsola E. O. and Belo F. A.

May 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Barriers of adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV/AIDS infected persons in Nekemte referral Hospital, East Wollega, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia, 2017

Adherence is engagement and accurate participation of an informed patient in a plan of care. A combination of factors:-the relationships between the patient and the provider, medication issues, psychological status, and structural issues can impede adherence efforts. The objectives were to assess barriers of adherence to antiretroviral drugs (ART) among Human immunodeficiency virus or Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome...

Author(s): Kassahun Tegegne Bidu and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

May 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Selected physicochemical properties and quality of soils around some rivers of Cameroon

Rivers Wouri and Meme feed the Wouri and Rio del Rey mangroves of Cameroon, respectively. This study examined the physicochemical properties of soils that were collected around the vicinity of these rivers. This was to ascertain the former’s role in controlling the movement of chemical entities into these rivers and nutrient quality. Twenty-one surface soil samples were collected (0-20 cm depth) within the...

Author(s): Norbert Nkafu Fomenky, Aaron Suh Tening, George Bindeh Chuyong, Kenneth Mbene, Godswill Azinwie Asongwe and Vivian Bih Che  

May 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Urbanization and the environment: The debate and evidence from two new cities in Nigeria

The rate of urbanization has been increasing rapidly since the second half of the 20th century. The impact urbanization has on the environment has attracted considerable attention. The viewpoints on the impact and the experience in Nigeria, particularly in the two new cities of Abuja and Yenagoa, are analyzed. The data collection involves an extensive review of literature, consultation of government documents and...

Author(s): Chris O. Ikporukpo

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Implementation of stewardship in African agricultural public research and development institutions

The commercial use of biotech crops developed using genetic modification (GM) technologies is very limited in sub-Saharan African agriculture. Efforts are on-going to address this.  The need to implement best practices in stewardship to support the responsible and safe management of agricultural biotechnology and maintain the highest research standards on product integrity have received less attention. A pioneering...

Author(s): Walter S. Alhassan, Vivienne M. Anthony and Patrick Rudelsheim  

May 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Evidence based nursing practice and associated factors among nurses working in Jimma zone public hospitals, Southwest Ethiopia

In spite of all the various programs and strategies to promote the use of research finding, there is still gap between theory and practice. A number of studies from various countries have reported that nurses’ experience of evidence-based practice is low. In Ethiopia, there is an information gap on the extent of evidence based nursing practice and its associated factors. The study aims to assess the implementation...

Author(s): Dawit Hoyiso, Abinet Arega and Terefe Markos

May 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Survival strategies and livelihood diversification of Ileje Migrants in Mbozi District, Southern Tanzania

This paper attempts to examine survival strategies and livelihood diversification of migrants in Mbozi district, southern Tanzania. A total of 551 heads of households were involved in this study. The study used both quantitative and qualitative techniques in collecting and analysing data where household questionnaire, in-depth interviews, field observations, focus group discussions and documentary review were used as...

Author(s): Christopher, A. Mulungu and Helena, E. Myeya

May 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Organochlorine pesticides contamination in human milk in Abidan (Côte d’Ivoire)

Organochlorine pesticides belong to the class of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). They are deeply involved in environmental issues and represent a real threat for human health. The aim of this study was to assess the level of organochlorine pesticides contamination in human milk through two studies of POPs biomonitoring performed in 2010 and 2015 in Côte d'Ivoire. Primiparous breastfeeding mothers...

Author(s): Manda Pierre,  Adepo Aholia Jean-Baptiste and Dano Djédjé Sébastien

May 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Institutions’ effect on households’ savings in Kenya: A ranked ordered multinomial/conditional probit model approach

Savings is a vital source of investment funds especially for developing economies. However, like in many developing countries, domestic savings in Kenya remain low. Hence, posing a significant development challenge. Household savings contribute a sizeable share of domestic and national savings in both industrial and developing countries. Households should not however, be considered as fully autonomous actors without the...

Author(s): Githinji Njenga, Susan M. Onuonga and Moses Muse Sichei  

May 2018

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Buying in: Analyzing the first fan adopters of a new National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Program

Establishing a strong fan base within the inaugural year of a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Program presents many challenges. Tracking consumers and their behavior becomes imperative as sport marketers seek to better understand the first fan adopters of a new program. With new NCAA football programs being established every year, sport marketers of a new program are challenged to not...

Author(s): Amanda Greene, Kason O’Neil, Kylie Russell and Brian Johnston

May 2018

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Predictive modelling and analysis of academic performance of secondary school students: Artificial Neural Network approach

The need for educational managers and policy makers to design and implement pedagogical and instructional interventions necessitates the development and validation of a predictive model for analyzing the academic performance of students before gaining admission into university. This study adopts feed-forward neural network to establish and analyze the complex nonlinear relationship that exist between cognitive and...

Author(s): Amoo M. Adewale, Alaba O. Bamidele and Usman O. Lateef  

May 2018

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Quantitative estimation of the caffeine content in some energy drinks on the Ghanaian market

The consumption patterns of energy drinks in the Tema Municipality of the Greater-Accra region of Ghana were investigated via a cross sectional survey and the caffeine contents of these energy drinks were determined by iodimetry. The survey showed that more males than females consume energy drinks.  Five types of energy drinks; Lucozade (LU), Rush (RU), Red Bull (RB), Five Star (FS) and Monster (MT) were revealed....

Author(s): Michael Worlako Klu, David Ntinagyei Mintah, Bright Selorm Addy, John Antwi Apenteng and Gloria Obeng

May 2018

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Qualitative analysis of enzyme-assisted traditionally extracted shea butter from different pretreated shea kernel substrates

The use of enzyme consortium to aid the extraction of shea butter in the traditional village extraction process improves the quality of the shea butter. In  this study, shea butter was extracted from three different shea kennel substrates; raw shea kennels (RASK), roasted shea kennels (ROSK) and shea kennel paste (SKEP) from a single variety of shea nuts (Vitellaria paradoxa) using the standard traditional...

Author(s): Beauty Didia, Zakpaa Hilary D., Mills-Robertson Felix C. and Abdul-Mumeen Iddrisu

May 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Assessment of the distribution of potentially harmful trace elements in bedrocks and stream sediments of Okemesi-Ijero area, Southwestern, Nigeria

Assessment and distribution of the concentration of potentially harmful trace elements (PHTEs) is important for environmental health management. The concentrations of thirteen PHTEs were determined in the stream sediments and rocks samples from the underlying bedrock with the use of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Multivariate statistics and principal component analyses were used to identify and...

Author(s): Ayodele Olusiji Samuel, Asowata, Iyobosa Timothy and Adeoti Blessing

Page 4 of 1125, showing 50 records out of 56245 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200