Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56530 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Innovation team composition: The enabling role of the individual emotive outlook

Despite increased attention to innovation teams in the workplace, composition criteria for implementation success remain unclear. This paper aims to provide a multi-disciplinary perspective on the psychological characteristics of innovation team members. This pragmatic, mixed-method convergent parallel design study examines and compares the emotive outlook profiles and patterns of successful and unsuccessful innovation...

Author(s): Christina Swart-Opperman and Kurt April

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Realizing energy management practices as a competitive strategy among manufacturing firms in Kenya: An alternative outlook

The Kenya’s Energy Management Regulations (2012) spells out a raft of actions that consumers of electricity and petroleum products can implement so as to enhance energy efficiency, reduction of energy costs and creation of surplus for distribution. However, few manufacturing companies have carried out implementation. The regulations create avenues for enforcements and promotion of energy management practices...

Author(s): Kiptum Henry Yatich  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Benefits of grass-legume inter-cropping in livestock systems

Legumes (Fabaceae) are plants with the distinct ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, the atmospheric nitrogen fixation by legumes is known as biological nitrogen fixation. Biological nitrogen fixation is the process whereby atmospheric nitrogen is reduced to ammonia in the presence of the enzyme nitrogenase. Nitrogen fixation in legumes starts with the formation of nodules. Inside the nodules, nitrogen fixation done by...

Author(s): Unathi Gulwa, Nobulungisa Mgujulwa and Solomon T. Beyene

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
In support of a well-planned intercropping systems in south eastern soils of Nigeria: A review

Soil is the medium for all crop production activities and many of the tropical soils especially soils of South Eastern Nigeria show nutrient deficiency problems after only a short period of cultivation because of the fragile nature and prevailing environmental condition. Land available for further crop production purposes in this area is very limited. To offset some of these problems and boast crop production and yields...

Author(s): Nweke I. A.  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adaptability and genotype-environment interaction of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) varieties in North Eastern Ethiopia

An experiment was conducted to study the adaptability and genotype × environment interaction of finger millet varieties in the north eastern part of Ethiopia. Eight finger millet varieties and a local check were tested at Sirinka, Kobo, and Jari in 2013 and 2014 cropping season. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block (RCB) design with three replicates. The result showed that the year 2013 was...

Author(s): Mulugeta Mamo, Fisseha Worede, Yemata Bezie, Solomon Assefa and Tsegaye Gebremariam  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Characteristics of three morphotypes of Solenostemon rotundifolius [(Poir.) J. K. Morton] based on qualitative morphological traits

Solenostemon rotundifolius [(Poir.) J. K. Morton] (Lamiaceae) is commonly called Fabirama, Frafra potato or Innala. It is a tuber crop cultivated in many countries in Africa and Asia. Its tubers contain significant rate of carbohydrates, proteins, fibers, vitamins and antioxidants. Besides its nutritional attributes, S. rotundifolius has also strong agronomic and economic potentialities and could be financially...

Author(s): Romaric, K. Nanema, Pauline Bationo-Kando, Mahamadi Hamed Ouedraogo, Nerbewendé Sawadogo, Daniel Nyadanu, Aminata Hamidou, Renan Ernest Traore, Zakaria Kiebre, Mahamadou Sawadogo and Jean-Didier Zongo  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Appropriate planting dates and plastic mulch for increasing common tomato varieties yield in South Texas

In South Texas, most of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) crops are produced on plastic mulch due to the elevated temperatures and solar radiations. The study objectives were to; determine the suitable planting dates for increasing tomato varieties production under different planting dates in early spring and late winter, and evaluate the influence of using the plastic mulch (black and white. In the Spring season,...

Author(s): Elsayed-Farag S., Anciso J., Marconi C., Avila C., Rodriguez A., Badillo-Vargas I.E., and Enciso J.,

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The complex distribution of plantain cultivars (Musa sp., AAB subgroup) in the Bas-Uele province of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Plantain is one of the most important sources of food in the African lowlands stretching from the lowlands of Guinea and Liberia to the central basin of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). Because plantain cultivars do not produce seeds, plantain cultivation is based on vegetatively transplanted lateral shoots/suckers. The way by which plantain reached the African continent is still under speculation. The aim...

Author(s): Joseph Komoy Losimba, Joseph Adheka Giria, Benoît Dhed’a Djailo, Deborah Karamura, Guy Blomme, Rony Swennen, , and Edmond De Langhe

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of thermophilic bacteria from different habitats and their assessment for antagonism against soil-borne fungal plant pathogens

Three different biomaterials viz., boiled cow milk, compost manure and tomato rhizospheric soil were found as habitats of the thermophilic antagonistic bacteria. The isolated bacteria were able to grow satisfactorily at thermophilic temperature range (>55C). Based on morphological, biochemical and physiological characters, the bacterial isolates were identified as Bacillus licheniformis (boiled cow milk), and...

Author(s): Rajashree R. Pawar and S. G. Borkar  

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bacteriological quality of drinking water obtained from main sources, reservoirs and consumers’ tap in Arba Minch town, Southern Ethiopia

The most common and wide spread health risk associated with drinking water is microbial contamination. The aim of this study is to assess microbial contamination of drinking water, starting from source to distribution systems. Water samples from the Arba Minch town of Southern Ethiopia were collected randomly from the main source before chlorination, reservoir after chlorination and from different points of distribution...

Author(s): Gemechu Ameya, Olifan Zewdie, Abdulhakim Mussema, Adugna Amante and Birhanie Asmera  

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Phylogenetic diversity of prokaryotes on the snow-cover of Lewis glacier in Mount Kenya

The seasonal snowpack of the temperate glaciers are sources of diverse microbial inoculi. However, the microbial ecology of the tropical glacial surfaces is endangered, hence poses an extinction threat to some populations of some microbes due to rapid loss of the glacier mass. The aim of this study was to isolate and phylogenetically characterise the prokaryotes from the seasonal snow of Lewis glacier in Mt. Kenya. Snow...

Author(s): Josiah O. Kuja, Huxley M. Makonde, Hamadi I. Boga, Anne T. W. Muigai and Jun Uetake  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Activation of TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway and production of diverse cytokines in the incidence and development of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis

Aspergillus fumigatus is a common saprophytic fungus in the air. It can cause a severe infectious disease called invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). To establish the activation of TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway in invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) model of wild type mouse, three groups of mouse were used in the study; the normal mice; mice infected with A. fumigatus conidia; IPA mouse infected with A....

Author(s): MA Guangqiang, WU Su-fang, LUO Hong-dan, XIE Wei-hua, LONG KAI, SU Ming-sheng and XIE Xiao-mei

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Bio-prospecting of macro-algae for potential industrial dyes

Synthetic dyes have been used for different purposes in various fields, but their continued usage has presented both environmental and health challenges. Therefore, alternative safer dye sources are inevitable. Algae have different pigments with potential for exploitation and usage in different socio-economic sectors. The aim of this study was to bio prospect dyes from macro-algal species of the Indian Ocean marine...

Author(s): Christine W. Njiru, Huxley M. Makonde, John M. Kahindo, Edwin O. Matoka and Charles M. Matoka

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Diversity and genetic identity of pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] in Tanzania based on microsatellite markers

Pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] is an important fruit crop cultivated in Tanzania. However, the knowledge on genetic diversity of the pineapple cultivars grown in Tanzania is limited. This study was aimed at determining the genetic diversity and identity of pineapple cultivars from different growing regions in Tanzania using microsatellite markers also known as simple sequence repeat marker (SSR). Ten of the 18...

Author(s): Abdalah Makaranga, Miccah Songelael Seth, Ayub Ndee, Emmarold E. Mneney, George Mbwambo, Kusirieli Lema, Aron Godfrey, Lilian Mrema, Andrew Kachiwile, Emmanuel Mrema and Theodosy J. Msogoya

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Alternative markers linked to the Phg-2 angular leaf spot resistance locus in common bean using the Phaseolus genes marker database

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is a rich source of protein, vitamins, and micronutrients and is an important crop for food security throughout Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Among tropical and subtropical regions of the world, where the majority of beans are grown, yield losses due to the pathogenic fungus Pseudocercospora griseola, causing angular leaf spot (ALS), can be as high as 80%. The strategic use of...

Author(s): Tamara Miller, Paul Gepts, Stephen Kimmo, Esther Arunga, Luseko Amos Chilagane, Susan Nchimbi-Msolla, Annet Namusoke, Annet Namayanja and Yayis Rezene Tedla

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
The “Doctrine of Signatures” in herbal prescriptions in Ikale and Ilaje communities of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria

The knowledge and application of the notion of “doctrine of signatures or correspondences” was evaluated among the Ikale and Ilaje people of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria. Information was solicited by administering questionnaires to one hundred and five (105) informants. Periodic field observations were also made. The research yielded 60 plants belonging to 37 families. The plants have characteristics...

Author(s): Aworinde David Olaniran, Erinoso Sakiru Morenikeji, Ogundele Alimi Adeyemi, Teniola Olasimbo Anuoluwapo and Ojo Samuel Omoniyi

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
An ethno-veterinary survey of medicinal plants used to treat bacterial diseases of livestock in three geographical areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

An ethno-veterinary survey of plants used to treat certain bacterial diseases of livestock in three geographical areas of the Eastern Cape was conducted during 2013 to 2014. A purposive sampling technique was carried out using a semi-structured questionnaire and field observations to document indigenous knowledge in 48 communal households. From the respondents of the 48 households, 64.6% men and 35.4% women were...

Author(s): S. Mthi, J.M. Rust, T.L. Morgenthal and B. Moyo

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Global citizenship training program for teacher candidates

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Global Citizenship Training Program (GCTP) prepared for teacher candidates. The training program lasted for 13 sessions and 32 volunteering Turkish teacher candidates participated in the program. The mixed method was utilized for this study. The pre-test and post-test scores of teacher candidates from “Global Citizenship Competency Perception...

Author(s): Derya GÖĞEBAKAN-YILDIZ  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of music teacher candidates’ individual instrument burnout, perceived family support in instrument training and individual instrument training habits with regard to various variables

In the research, “Questionnaire on Individual Instrument Course Burnout” developed by Girgin, “Questionnaire on Individual Instrument Training habits” developed by Küçükosmanoğlu, Babacan, Babacan and Yüksel, and “Questionnaire on Perceived Family Support for Individual Instrument Course” developed by Girgin were used.  Statistical package for social science...

Author(s): Ceren Saygı Gerçeker  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Content analysis of Civic Education curriculum in senior secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria

This study investigated the extent of implementation of the Civic Education curriculum content in senior secondary schools in Osun State. It also determined the adequacy of curriculum content as provided in selected Civic Education textbooks in the schools. It finally assessed the adequacy, availability and utilization of the instructional facilities used for the teaching of Civic Education in schools. The study...

Author(s): B. A. Adeyemi  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The world Islamic sciences and education university students' attitudes towards the inclusion of handicapped students within campus main stream

This study aims to examine the World Islamic Sciences and Education University students' attitude toward the inclusion of handicapped students within the university environment. The sample of the study consists of 247 male and female undergraduate students of the World Islamic and Education University at the academic year 2017/2018. To achieve the objectives of the study, a valid and reliable scale of World Islamic...

Author(s): Esam Abdullah Al Jaddou

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Teachers’ opinions of human resources management functions in private schools

In this research, teachers’ opinions are determined based on human resources management functions in a private school. The research determined study groups with a purposive sampling method which is conducted with a qualitative research design, in the academic year, 2016 to 2017. Six teachers who work in a private school in Famagusta in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) participated in the study. The...

Author(s): Merve Uysal and Çağda Kıvanç Çağanağa  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Dimensions of personality and emotional intelligence as predictors of high school students’ career decision difficulties

This study aims to examine the predictability of emotional intelligence and five factor personality traits on career decision difficulties. The study group consisted of 432 students (246 women, 186 men) who participated in five different high schools in Adana and voluntarily participated in the study. Data collection tool were composed of Career Decision Difficulties Questionnaire, Emotional Intelligence Assessment...

Author(s): Oğuzhan Kırdök and Ozan Korkmaz

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
English language achievement among Ethiopian public secondary school students: Associated factors

This study investigated attribution related factors in English language performance among grade nine students (n=147) in Ethiopia. Three public secondary schools were selected from Adama town using census sampling techniques. Sixty attribution items (that is, had 30 items of perceived reasons for success, and 30 items for perceived reasons for failure) were developed by the research team. The degree of influence for...

Author(s): Geberew T., Tigist T., J-F, Pullen D. and Swabey K.    

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Utility of silver nanoparticles for the analysis of diosmin and rutin in Persicaria salicifolia extract, authentic and pharmaceutical dosage forms monitored with their haemostatic activity

The present work was conducted to evaluate a simple effective technique for spectrophotometric determination of two flavonoids namely diosmin (1) and rutin (2) in the isolated fractions obtained from Persicaria salicifolia, authentic and pharmaceutical dosage forms, the method is based on the reduction of Ag+ cations to silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) by the effect of these flavonoids in the presence of...

Author(s): Hesham Salem, Atef Ahmed Elhela and Nevein Mohamed Abdelhady

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Caffeic acid reduces lipid accumulation and reactive oxygen species production in adipocytes

Caffeic acid (CA) is a hydroxycinnamic acid, a group of natural organic phenolic compounds used in folk medicine and in foods for the prevention and treatment of obesity. CA is present in a variety of plants, as it is an intermediate in secondary metabolism. It is found in coffee, wine and olive oil. The aim of this work was to study the influence of caffeic acid (CA) on the reduction of intracellular lipid...

Author(s): Mariana Brito Dantas, Tiago Lima Sampaio, Ramon Róseo Paula Pessoa Bezerra de Menezes, Jamile Magalhães Ferreira, Tiago Sousa Melo, Richard Rarison Cavalcante Meneses , Hector Galdino Rodrigues, Dânya Bandeira Lima, Alice Maria Costa Martins and Maria Goretti Rodrigues de Queiroz

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Foods, fish and salmonellosis

Foodborne diseases are those caused by the consumption of water and food contaminated by different causal agents such as: viruses, bacteria, parasites, toxins, among others, being considered an important public health problem global due to its incidence and mortality and for several years for the isolation of microorganisms that cause these diseases resistant to antimicrobials. Salmonella species is considered a food...

Author(s): Alejandro De Jesús Cortés-Sánchez and Luis Daniel Espinosa-Chaurand  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The effects of drought on rice cultivation in sub-Saharan Africa and its mitigation: A review

Drought is the primary cause of yield loss in agriculture throughout the world, and is currently the most common reason for global food shortages. Three-quarter of the most severe droughts in the last ten years have been in Africa, the continent which already has the lowest level of crop production and drought adaptive capacity. The increased incidences of drought and erratic rainfall have thrown small holder farmers in...

Author(s): Ndjiondjop Marie Noelle, Wambugu Peterson Weru, Sangare Jean Rodrigue and Gnikoua Karlin

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Integrating crop and livestock in smallholder production systems for food security and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa

The resource base that ensures food supply and the socio-economic component which depends on this resource base are the two major components that make up the food system in sub-Saharan Africa. The sequence of the food system is organized in a spatial flow framework of biomass base. The components of rural production system consist of food production biomass at homestead and farm level, and often at the communal base...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere and Habtemariam Kassa

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of new papaya hybrids

To augment a narrow genetic base in papaya, this study aimed to evaluate the performance of new hybrids produced by Caliman Agrícola® S.A. The experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block design, with 12 treatments four replications and ten plants per plot. The treatments were the variety THB and the hybrids were CR1 × São Mateus, CR1 × 72/12, CR2 × São Mateus, CR3...

Author(s): Adriel Lima Nascimento, Alan de Lima Nascimento, Omar Schmildt, Karina Tiemi Hassuda dos Santos, Renan Garcia Malikouski, Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre, Laercio Francisco Cattaneo, José Augusto Teixeira do Amaral, Márcio Paulo Czepak, Geraldo Antônio Ferreguetti and Edilson Romais Schmildt  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Patterns of pre-weaning piglet mortality and economic losses in field condition

The study was purposively taken up with the objective to find out the patterns of pre-weaning piglet mortality and economic losses in field condition. The study was purposively taken up in Gorkhaland Territorial Administration area where pig farming is a common practice. The study shows that overall pre-weaning piglet mortality was 15.62% where it was slightly higher in exotic than indigenous breed. Highest pre-weaning...

Author(s): Roy R., Mondal T. and Moktan M. W.

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance of maize hybrids from a partial diallel in association with Azospirillum

One of the most prominent strategies to increase maize grain yield with a higher benefit/cost ratio and a lower environmental impact is the inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria. Among other factors, the success of the interaction plant-microorganism depends on genetic traits, therefore, selection of plant genotypes compatible with this association is extremely important to the viability of this technology....

Author(s): Alessandra Koltun, Alana Padia Cavalcante, Karla Bianca de Almeida Lopes, Matheus Dalsente Krause, Thiago Pablo Marino, André Luiz Martinez de Oliveira and Josué Maldonado Ferreira

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Microbial diversity as a soil quality indicator in agroecosystems in Brazilian Savannas

The importance of sustainable use of natural resources, especially of soil and water, has been a subject of increasing relevance. The increase of human activity in ecosystems has great impact on the dynamics of soil organisms. The comparison between cultivated systems and native areas without anthropic interference can be used as soil quality index. Microorganisms are ideal indicators because they are very sensitive to...

Author(s): Moura, Jadson Belem de, Ventura, Matheus Vinicius Abadia, Vieira Junior, Wagner Gonçalves, Souza, Rodrigo Fernandes, Lopes Filho, Luiz Cesar, Braga, Ana Paula Maciel, Matos, Diogo Jânio de Carvalho and Rocha, Elivan Cesar Vieira

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Response of microbial communities to oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico: A review

Crude oil has become a part of the marine ecosystem through natural seeps and oil spills. Microbial communities have adopted various response mechanisms to adjust to oil spills that contaminate the marine environment and help restore the ecosystem to its original state. These response mechanisms ranges from change in indigenous microbial community composition, change in microbial diversity to gene diversity and...

Author(s): Linda Adzigbli, Hernado P. Bacosa, and Yuewen Deng,

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of alpha toxin and enterotoxins of Clostridium perfringens isolated from minced meat by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

Clostridium perfringens is one of the most widespread pathogen producing toxins related to variable pathogenic conditions, particularly food poisoning in humans. Thus, this study described the prevalence, enumeration, toxigenic types and antibiotic susceptibility of C. perfringens strains isolated from minced meat in Egypt as well as the validation of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for...

Author(s): Gamal A. Younis, Mona M. Radwan, Rasha M. Elkenany and Marwa H. Elderieny

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Studies on styrene concentration in drinking water and hot beverages in some settings

Water bottles and cups composed of polystyrene also contain non-polymerized styrene. Styrene’s toxicological profile is associated with several health issues for humans. Mainly, the central and peripheral nervous systems are highly disturbed by styrene ingestion. Styrene is also considered to be a carcinogenic agent and has been linked to cancer. The HPLC method was validated through prepared QC samples. The HPLC...

Author(s): Naser L. Rezk, Saber M. Eweda, Salma A. Rezk and Sameh Ahmed

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Microsatellites markers associated with resistance to flower bud thrips in a cowpea F2 population derived from genotypes TVU-123 and WC36

Breeding for resistance to flower bud thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) in cowpea has been hindered by the quantitative nature of resistance. To identify simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers associated with resistance to flower bud thrips that could be used for marker-assisted breeding, a F2 population was generated from a cross between genotypes TVU-123 (resistant) and WC36 (susceptible). The population was evaluated...

Author(s): Symphorien Agbahoungba, Jeninah Karungi, Kassim Sadik, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema, Achille E. Assogbadjo and Patrick R. Rubaihayo

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Cost effective medium for in vitro propagation of Tanzanian cassava landraces

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food for over 800 million people in the tropics. However, its production is constrained by an inadequate supply of clean planting materials. Tissue culture carried out in laboratories is one established method for the mass production of clean planting materials. However, the cost of conventional tissue culture is high and the cassava industry would benefit from an...

Author(s): Christina Edward Kidulile, Amos Emitat Alakonya, Joseph Canisius Ndunguru and Elijah Miinda Ateka

June 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Isolation and characterization of fungi from a hot-spring on the shores of Lake Bogoria, Kenya

Hot springs are aquatic environments with high temperatures. They harbor diverse groups of micro-organisms like fungi that have developed mechanisms to thrive at wide temperature ranges, according to their optimal growth requirements. Fungi are a large group of eukaryotic organisms with worldwide distribution, inhabiting a diverse range of extreme habitats from deserts to hyper saline environments. The fungal diversity...

Author(s): Odilia Atamba Salano, Huxley Mae Makonde, Remmy Wekesa Kasili, Hamadi Iddi Boga  

June 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil and some selected Nigerian food crops

Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil, cassava and fluted pumpkin (leaf and stem) were investigated using a gas flow proportional counter. The gross alpha activity concentrations for the fluted pumpkin were between 3.55 and 13.95 Bq/Kg and 3.53 and 3.61 Bq/Kg for the leaves and stems, respectively. The gross alpha activity concentrations for cassava and soil samples ranged from 0.07 to 0.60 Bq/Kg and 0.35...

Author(s): Chijioke M. Amakom, Chikwendu E. Orji, Benedict C. Eke, Chinedu Iroegbu and Bridget A. Ojakominor

June 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Effect of annealing temperature on the optical properties of Sb-ZnO thin films prepared using co-sputtering technique

Transparent conducting oxide thin films of Sb-ZnO were prepared on optically flat quartz by radio-frequency (RF) sputtering method. The scan electron microscope was used to characterize the topological morphology of the surface of the as-prepared and annealed films at (300, 400, 470, and 525°C) for 4 h in air. The optical properties of the films were deliberated using their reflectance and transmittance spectra at...

Author(s): Hend Alkhammash

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of European audit firms on cost of debt and earnings management in private clients’ audit market segment

This research studies the relation between audit firm choice and benefits that companies could gain in terms of lower cost of debt and ea rnings management. It focuses on private clients and the non-Big4 audit market segment, where the main driver of auditor choice has not to date been satisfactorily identified. This study identifies and tests a new criterion for auditor choice in private firms based on audit market...

Author(s): Stefano Azzali and Tatiana Mazza  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Influence of women entrepreneurs’ characteristics on personal well-being in Arumeru District in Tanzania

This article tests the hypothesis that women entrepreneurs’ socio-economic and demographic characteristics have no significant influence on women’s personal well-being, using quantitative approach with a random sample of 180 women. The article adopts the cross-sectional research design using a structured questionnaire administered to women entrepreneurs. Non-entrepreneurs were also involved for comparison...

Author(s): Samwel J. Kabote  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The value relevance of consolidated and separate financial statements: Are non-controlling interests relevant?

This paper aims to analyze the value relevance of financial statements prepared according to International Accounting Standards (IAS)/International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The study focuses on two of the different sets of accounts presented by companies: the parent company financial statement and the consolidated version. We have developed a panel data from a sample of Italian listed companies by...

Author(s): Francesco Sotti  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of e-tax filing on tax compliance: A case of clients in Harare, Zimbabwe

There is underutilisation of electronic tax filing systems in tax agencies despite presence of electronic tax administration systems. The objective of this study was to find how this has influenced tax compliance. Data collection was mainly through a questionnaire. Analysis of data was done through SPSS Version 20 and Excel. The study concluded that electronic filing system actually influences tax compliance. The study...

Author(s): Sifile Obert, Kotsai Rodgers, Mabvure Joseph Tendai and Chavunduka Desderio  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Gender balance on boards and corporate sustainability for the 2030 Agenda

The top management characteristics can have an impact on corporate strategic goals and actions. The board diversity, with particular reference to gender issue, can influence Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and company’s strategies toward a business model more oriented to sustainability. According to this this theoretical framework, two issues about women on boards and CSR are presented in this study: the...

Author(s): Francesca Gennari  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Is quantitative genetics still necessary in this age of genomics?

Quantitative genetics and genomics are two different disciplines that have separate evolutions. The quantitative genetics has enormous applications and has contributed a lot in four main distinct fields of plant breeding, animal breeding, evolutionary genetics and human genetics. This field is based on study of inheritance patterns and their underlying mechanisms using biometrical or statistical methods. The analysis of...

Author(s): Rukundo Placide, Karangwa Patrick and Uzayisenga Bellancille

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Efficiency of pre-inoculation of soybeans with Bradyrhizobium up to 60 days before sowing

The inoculation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in soybean crops allows the achievement of high crop yield by reducing or eliminating the application of nitrogen fertilizers. Pre-inoculation of seeds can reduce costs and increase the efficacy of this agricultural practice. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of pre-inoculation of soybean seeds with a commercial inoculant of Bradyrhizobium (RIZOLIQ...

Author(s): Gabriela Silva Machineski, Andrea Silva Scaramal, Maria Aparecida de Matos, Oswaldo Machineski and Arnaldo Colozzi Filho

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of seed rate on upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seedling emergence

The most important factor to achieving profitable cotton yields is obtaining a uniform stand of healthy and vigorously growing seedlings. Cotton seedling emergence highly depends on the number of seeds that are planted on the same planting station. The cotton seedling stalk is weak and may fail to push up and crack the soil in order to emerge. Therefore several seedlings put together may use the power of numbers to push...

Author(s): Gwiranenzara C., Chapepa B., Mubvekeri W. and Kutywayo D.

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil organic carbon stock under different land use types in Kersa Sub Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia

Understanding and assessing soil organic carbon stock (SOCS) within the framework of greenhouse gas emissions and land degradation is so crucial in combating climate change and enhancing ecological restoration. The goal of this study was to quantify the current SOCS in major land use types in Kersa sub watershed, eastern Ethiopia. Replicated soil samples from 0 to 20, 20 to 40, and 40 to 60 cm depth were collected from...

Author(s): Yared Mulat, Kibebew Kibret, Bobe Bedadi and Muktar Mohammed

Page 8 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56530 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400