Articles

 

Articles

Page 9 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56523 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Availability and accessibility of ICT- based instructional tools in medical colleges in Ogun State, Nigeria

This study assessed the availability and use of ICT-based Instructional tools in selected medical colleges in Ogun State, Nigeria. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population to be studied is medical lecturers (328), clinical instructors (42) and laboratory technologist (92) from Ben Carson Snr. Medical School, Babcock University, Obafemi Awolowo College of Health Sciences, and Olabisi...

Author(s): Nwosu, Jonathan Chinaka, John, Henry Chukwudi and Akorede, O. J.  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
A research on the attıtude of eight grade students towards earthquake

The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of eighth-grade students in  secondary schools towards earthquake. For this purpose, the attitude test towards earthquake was applied to 240 eighth grade students (107 females and 133 males) from five secondary schools in Istanbul. Quantitative method was used in the study. Also, to analyze the dataset collected from this study,  t-test and variance analysis...

Author(s): Hülya Kayalı  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The perceptions of King Abdullah II School for Excellence teachers about the importance of using flipped learning for the development of students’ reflective thinking in Jordan

The study aims to reveal the perceptions of  King Abdullah II School for Excellence teachers about the importance of using flipped learning in developing the reflective thinking of their students in Jordan. The population of the study consists of  227 male and female teachers. The sample of the study consists of  180 teachers: 87 males and 93 females  selected using  simple random method from...

Author(s): Mohammed Bader ALYousef, Ibrahim Ali Naanah and Awad Mufleh AL Khazam

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The school image in children’s books

Literary works for children help the child to acquire reading habits and to be a helpful citizen in the society. Therefore, individuals obtain quality children's literature from the very beginning of childhood. In this context, the study aims to determine the reflection of the school concept in literary works prepared for children. No other individual study has been reported on the reflection of the school concept...

Author(s): Yasin Mahmut YAKAR  

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of Procavia capensis hyraceum used in traditional medicine for modulation of mutagen-induced genotoxicity

Hyraceum (HM) is used in traditional medicine in Southern Africa. Three concentrations of HM (mg/ml in distilled water) (0.0156, 0.03125 and 0.0625) were assessed for cytotoxicity (CT), genotoxicity (GT) and modulation of cyclophosphamide (CP)- and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)-induced GT using the Allium cepa assay following 24 h treatment.  CP (1.00 mg/ml) and EMS (0.0375 mg/ml) were not cytotoxic but genotoxic....

Author(s): Asita Okorie Asita, Thabang Rants’o, Sibusisiwe Magama and Matsepo Taole  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The perceptions of modern sports of students in the department of physical education and sports in Turkey

The aim of this study is to determine the perceptions of modern sports of the students studying at the departments of physical education and sports in Turkey, and to examine them based on different variables such as age, gender, department, grade, academic gross domestic product (GPA) and the habit of actively doing sports. In terms of the data analysis process, the descriptive statistics were presented with the values...

Author(s): Ahmet Atalay  

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Acute toxicity evaluation of ethanol extract of red algae, Osmundaria obtusiloba, in BALB/c mice

The genus Osmundaria (Rhodophyta, Ceramilaes, Rhodomelaceae) comprises tropical and temperate regions red marine seaweeds species. Osmundaria obtusiloba is distributed from the northeastern coast of Brazil to the state of Rio de Janeiro. Studies with ethanol extract of red seaweed O. obtusiloba showed the antiviral potential of this alga. Hence, this study examined in BALB/c mice the acute toxicity after oral...

Author(s): Caroline de Souza Barros, Max Willian Lisboa Gomes, Rafaela dos Santos Pereira Gomes, Vanessa Melchiades, Caio Cesar Richter Nogueira, Claudio César Cirne-Santos, Valeria Garrido, Carla Eponina Carvalho Pinto, Valeria Laneuville Teixeira and Izabel Christina Nunes de Palmer Paixão  

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effect of aqueous leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalina in Wistar rats

Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder characterised by impaired glucose tolerance and hyperglycemia, which is caused by either lack of or resistance to insulin in tissues; this disease causes significant morbidity and mortality largely due to its end–organ complications. Traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus has involved the use of several plant extracts; in this study the efficacy of aqueous leaf...

Author(s): Ibegbu, Madu D., Nnaemeka, Emmanuel J., Ikele, Ikenna T. and Nwachukwu, Daniel C.  

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Neurohistological and immunohistochemical effects of prophylactic ethanolic leaf extract of Nauclea latifolia and Artemether/Lumefantrine on the hippocampus of Plasmodium berghei-infected mice

The prophylactic effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Nauclea latifolia, widely used in herbal malarial treatment, was compared against standard drug Coartem® (Artemether/Lumefantrine) in Plasmodium-infected mice was investigated, and thereafter analysed for organosomatic index, parasitemia, histomorphological and immunohistochemical changes in the hippocampus. Twenty male mice about 6 to 8 weeks weighing 20 to 24 g...

Author(s): Innocent A. Edagha, Inyang A. Atting and Moses U. Ekanemesang

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
What factors influence performance of farmer groups? A review of literature on parameters that measure group performance

Farmers form and participate in groups in order to benefit socially and economically through collective activities. However, membership in groups alone is not enough to facilitate improvement of livelihoods, owing to the fact that only successful groups would be able to fully exploit their potential and meet the interests of their members. Understanding group performance is therefore a pertinent issue among social...

Author(s): Sheilla Jeruto Tallam

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
An on-farm comparison of the agronomics and economics of irrigated maize production systems in the Somali Deyr season

Domestic production only supplies half of Somalia’s cereal requirements and more than half of the country’s population is considered food insecure.  In this study, the Somali Agriculture Technical Group (SATG) used an on-farm participatory research approach to compare the economic viability and plant yield parameters of an improved maize production system (SATG system) with those of the traditional...

Author(s): Ryan Gavin, Hussein Haji, Nicolas Jelinski and Paul Porter

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The effect of velvet bean (Mucuna cinerea) extract on seedling growth of winter cereals

Some plants can have a beneficial or harmful effect on the germination and growth of other plants. This is known as the allelopathic effect. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different doses of velvet bean (Mucuna cineruim) aqueous extract on germination and initial seedling growth of three winter cereals: white oat (Avena sativa), rye (Secale cereale) and wheat (Triticum aestivum). The...

Author(s): Cristiana Bernardi Rankrape, Ivan Carlos Zorzzi, Fabiana Rankrape, Jhessica Bortolotti, Pedro Valério Dutra Moraes, Dalva Paulus, Paulo Fernando Adami and Patricia Rossi

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of taro (Colocasia esculenyta (L.)) to variation in planting density and planting dates on growth, radiation interception, corm and cormels yield in Southern Ethiopia

Taro production is mainly affected by agroecology, planting time and planting density.  To this effect, a field study was conducted to determine influences of planting density and planting dates on growth, radiation interception and yields of taro (Colocasia esculenyta (L.)). The experiment was conducted using four levels of planting density (15037, 19607, 26666 and 38461 plants ha-1) and four planting dates from...

Author(s): Alemu Dessa, Bizuayehu Tessfaye, Walelign Worku, Amsalu Gobena and Anne Kathrine Hvoslef-Eide

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Climate analysis for agricultural improvement of the Economic Community of West African States according to Köppen and Thornthwaite

The Economic Community of West African States (also known as ECOWAS from its name in French: Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest-Africaine) is composed of eight countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. This study is restricted to ECOWAS because it stems from a survey mission headed by the second author and aims to characterize the climate of the territory...

Author(s): MÜLLER, Marcela dos Santos, DOURADO-NETO, Durval, TIMM, Luís Carlos, REICHARDT, Klaus, SARTORI, Felipe Fadel and FELISBERTO, Guilherme

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Estimation of amylose, protein and moisture content stability of rice in multi locations

Rice quality is measured of the rice grown on different five locations by an auto grain analyzer. Auto Grain analyzer works on the Near-Infrared transmittance (720 - 1100 nm). Protein, amylose and moisture contents of the rice samples of 9 fine lines were tested. Different environment tested entries were evaluated and found that all the values have highly significant effect of environment and genotypes. The environment...

Author(s): Misbah Riaz, Muhammad Akhter, Muhammad Iqbal, Sultan Ali, Rana Ahsan Raza Khan, Mohsin Raza, Farrah Shamim and Neelum Shahzadi

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
An agronomic approach to screen sugar and energy cane genotypes for drought tolerance

Sugarcane production can be affected by extreme environmental conditions, such as drought stress. This study focused on establishing a screening method to evaluate and select drought tolerant germplasm of Saccharum species. A new drought screening methodology is presented in this paper. A randomized block design experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions with 2 months old seedlings of five genotypes of...

Author(s): S. Elsayed-Farag, M. De Almeida Silva, N.  Solis-Garcia, J. Enciso and J. Da Silva  

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Seroprevalence of canine leptospirosis, in Urban and Periurban, Morogoro, Tanzania

A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Morogoro region, Tanzania, to determine the seroprevalence of canine Leptospira exposure. A total of 232 sera were collected from apparently healthy dogs in Mvomero, Morogoro Urban and Morogoro Rural districts. The microscopic agglutination test (MAT) was performed following standard procedure using panel of six Leptospira serovars. Within the districts, positive reactions...

Author(s): K. Said. G. G. Bakari, R. Machang’u, A. S. Katakweba and A. P. Muhairwa  

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Exploratory study of hepatitis D virus infection in HBsAg carriers in Abidjan, Côte D’ivoire in 2016

In sub-Saharan Africa, the prevalence of co-infection with hepatitis D (HDV) and hepatitis B viruses (HBV) is poorly known. Chronic infection with HBV is currently treated by nucleoside analogs whereas interferon is used to inhibit HDV. Nevertheless, Hepatitis Delta is not routinely diagnosed in Côte d’Ivoire. This study aims to estimate the current prevalence of Hepatitis D infection among HBV-infected...

Author(s): Sévédé Daouda, Doumbia Moussa, Kouakou Viviane, Djehiffe Vicky, Kouassi M’Bengue, and Mireille Dosso,  

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Exploration of sulfate reducing bacteria from polluted waters

Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) was successfully isolated from Estuary Dam in Suwung Denpasar, Indonesia. This estuary catches highly polluted water from Badung River which runs across and hence carries pollution due to waste disposal from Denpasar City. SRB was studied in detail for their ability to reduce sulfate to sulfide with organic material as an oxidizing agent. SRB exploration of the estuary ecosystem of the...

Author(s): Budiarsa Suyasa W., Iryanti E. Suprihatin, Dwi Adi Suastuti G. A. and Sri Kunti Pancadewi G. A.  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Production of single cell protein (SCP) and essentials amino acids from Candida utilis FMJ12 by solid state fermentation using mango waste supplemented with nitrogen sources

In Burkina Faso, deficiency of amino acids in protein is becoming a major healthy public problem. This study was purposed to optimize essentials amino acids in single cell protein (SCP) by supplementing different nitrogen sources during fermentation of mango waste with Candida utilis FJM12. Analytical methods were used to determine biomass yield, chemical composition and amino acids profile of SCP. The principal...

Author(s): Marius Kounbèsiounè SOMDA, Mahamadi NIKIEMA, Ibrahim KEITA, Iliassou MOGMENGA, Sonagnon H. S. KOUHOUNDE, Yerobessor DABIRE, Wahauwouélé H. COULIBALY, Essodolom TAALE and Alfred S.TRAORE  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Development and validation of analytical methodology for quantification of total flavonoids of Morus nigra by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrophotometry

Morus nigra L. is known in the region of Brazilian São Francisco Valley as "amora-miúra". It is widely used in traditional medicine, mainly in treatment of diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, cardiovascular problems, obesity and gout. This study proposed to develop and validate a fast, simple, efficient and low cost analytical method that could quantify total flavonoid content present in crude...

Author(s): Pedrita Alves Sampaio, Hyany Andreysa Pereira Teixeira, Nathália Andrezza Carvalho de Souza, José Marcos Teixeira de Alencar-Filho, Grasielly Rocha Souza, Emanuella Chiara Valença Pereira, Raimundo Gonçalves de Oliveira-Júnior, Pedro José Rolim-Neto, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida, and Larissa Araújo Rolim  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phenotypic characterization and symbiotic effectiveness test of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) rhizobia isolated from Dejen and Aneded Districts, East Gojjam Zone, Amahara Region, Ethiopia

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important leguminous crop grown in different parts of Ethiopia. It is a nutritionally valued and N2-fixing legume which forms a symbiotic association with Mesorhizobium. This study was conducted to characterize and evaluate symbiotic efficacy of chickpea rhizobia isolated from soil samples collected from the study area. Seventeen chickpea rhizobia were isolated by soil host plant trap...

Author(s): Birhan Aynalem, Tadele Temesgen, Yilkal Bezie and Seble W. Yohannis  

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Qualitative traits variation in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces from the Southern highlands of Ethiopia

Thirty six barley landraces were collected from three districts of the southern highlands of Ethiopia and evaluated for 11 morphological traits to assess the extent of qualitative trait variations based on morphological traits. The results showed that 42% of the 36 barley landraces were found to have six kernel row numbers for the three collection districts. The distribution of four kernel raw number was found to be...

Author(s): Addisu Fekadu, Fantahun Woldesenbet and Shumet Tenaw  

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality attributes of homemade tomato sauce stored at different temperatures

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is processed into different products including tomato sauce. The aim of this study was to determine the quality attributes of homemade tomato sauce during storage at 6 and 30°C for 8 weeks. At 4 weeks, there were no significant changes in sensory attributes during storage at both 6 and 30°C. There were significant differences (P˂0.05) of sensory attributes after 6 weeks. Sauce...

Author(s): Smith Gilliard Nkhata and Emmanuel Owino Ayua

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Quality of porridge from sub-Saharan Africa evaluated using instrumental techniques and descriptive sensory lexicon. Part 2: Thin porridge

Thin porridge is a popular nourishment drink for adults and complementary food for children in sub-Saharan Africa. It is made from straight (unblended) or composite flours of maize, sorghum, finger millet and cassava in neutral or chemically-acidified media, or after spontaneous fermentation of the flours. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of type of composite flour and pH on the sensory quality of...

Author(s): Calvin Onyango and George W. Wanjala

May 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Two withanolides from Withania somnifera (solanaceae) and activity of methanolic extracts against fungal and bacterial pathogens that affects food crops

Methanolic extract obtained from the dried leaves of Withania Somnifera was subjected to column chromatography leading to the isolation of two withanolides. Their structures were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The isolated withanolides were determined to be 5α, 17β-dihydroxy-6α, 7β-epoxy-1-oxo-witha-2, 24-dienolide (1) and 4, 5, 6, 15-tetrahydroxy-1-oxo-witha-7-enolide (2). The...

Author(s): Regina Chepkorir, Josphat Clement Matasyoh and Isabel N. Wagara

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
How far can climate changes help to conserve and restore Garcinia kola Heckel, an extinct species in the wild in Benin (West Africa)

A study was conducted to assess how well climate changes can help to conserve and restore Garcinia kola Heckel in the Protected Area Network (PAN) and in urban areas in Benin. To achieve this, occurrence data from GBIF was used and the environmental data from AfriClim was used in order to model the species’ potential habitat under current and future climates. The maximum entropy modeling approach of MaxEnt was...

Author(s): Akotchiffor Kévin G. DJOTAN, Augustin Kossi N. AOUDJI, Sylvie Akouavi F. CODJIA, Alain J. GBÈTOHO, Kourouma KOURA and Jean Cossi GANGLO

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Habitat biophysical and spatial patterns assessment within Oti-Keran-Mandouri protected area network in Togo

Oti-Keran-Mandouri (OKM) is part of the elephant historical range and one of the priority corridors proposed for elephant conservation in West Africa. However, its potentialities to be a functional corridor are yet to be evaluated in a context of increasing anthropogenic pressure. This study aims at assessing habitat biophysical patterns and fragmentation level. A multicriteria evaluation using fuzzy logic was performed...

Author(s): Aniko Polo-Akpisso, Fousseni Folega, Ouattara Soulemane, Wouyo Atakpama, Mamadou Coulibaly, Kpérkouma Wala, Achim Röder, Koffi Akpagana and Tano Yao

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Effects of bush encroachment on plant composition, diversity and carbon stock in Borana rangelands, Southern Ethiopia

Bush encroachment is reducing rangeland productivity in Borana rangelands. This study was conducted in Teltele Woreda of Borana zone, to evaluate the effects of bush encroachment on plant species composition, diversity and its contribution to carbon stock. Bush encroached, non-encroached and bush thinned rangeland types were selected for the study. Nested plots for collecting tree, shrub, herbaceous and soil data were...

Author(s): Siraj Kelil Gobelle and Abdella Gure

May 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Study of floral diversity from rural pockets of Odisha, India: Plants for fun and games

In earlier days, children used to play in outdoors with plant parts and their products for fun making and games. However with modernity and advancement in science and technology, this indigenous knowledge is vanishing day by day. There is no scientific documentation of plants being used for fun and games by children. The present study carried out in different tribal and non-tribal village schools of Koraput and Khordha...

Author(s): Mahendra K. Satapathy, Sidhanta S. Bisoi and Sanjeeb K. Das

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors affecting implementation of integrated community case management of childhood illnesses in South West Shoa Zone, Central Ethiopia

Integrated community case management (ICCM) is a program that allowed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) treat the three most common childhood illnesses: pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria through delivering a closer and accessible care. In Ethiopia, this proven strategy was being implemented in selected districts of the regions but there were no sufficient evidences to decision-makers for improvement interventions....

Author(s): Wase Benti Hailu, Waju Beyene Salgedo and Ayinengida Adamu Walle  

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with sputum conversion in a multinational population of tuberculosis patients

Various factors had been related with sputum conversion in tuberculosis patients, which constituted an essential indicator of the effectiveness of treatment and the infectivity of patients. The study evaluates the factors related with smear sputum conversion in pulmonary tuberculosis. A retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis was performed from January 2013 to September 2016 in Cuban...

Author(s): Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Francisco Gutierrez García, Victor E. Ramírez Zenón and Ramón N Alfonso Serrano

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Satisfaction of maternal care among women delivered at Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital, Bure, West Gojjam, Amhara, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Maternal satisfaction is a means of evaluating quality of maternal health care given in health facilities. The objective  was to assess the level of maternal  satisfaction and associated factors  at  Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital. Cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 clients by systematic sampling method from February 8, 2017 to September 25, 2017. Structured questionnaire that was...

Author(s): Gizew Dessie Asres

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Maternal dietary and nutritional characteristics as predictor of newborn birth weight in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

Maternal nutrition plays a major role in influencing fetal growth and birth outcomes. It is a modifiable risk factor which drags a significant public health consideration to avert adverse birth outcomes, specially, in low and middle income countries. Suboptimal dietary and nutritional characteristics and low birth weight are prevalent in the present study setting. This study was conducted to assess the association of...

Author(s): Hawi Goshu, Melese Sinaga Teshome and Kalkidan Hassen Abate  

May 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Socio-demographic determinants of health support services among orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria

Worldwide, the population of orphans and vulnerable children is estimated to be around 160 million with sub-Sahara Africa accounting for 80% of these children owing largely to the effect of HIV/AIDS, civil wars, road accidents, sectarian violence, terrorism, and other factors. Efforts have been made over the years by governments and development partners to mitigate the effects of orphanhood, but these efforts have...

Author(s): Chima Victor

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Biotransformation and detoxification of reactive black dye by Ganoderma tsugae

In this study, the decolourization potential of the white-rot fungus Ganoderma tsugae, which is capable of producing laccase was investigated to degrade reactive black dye. Biodegradation of reactive black dye was analyzed by using spectrophotometer at an absorbance of 585 nm. Laccase, manganese peroxidase and pH were served as biodegradation indices. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and gas chromatography mass...

Author(s): Zubbair N. A., Ajao A. T., Adeyemo E. O. and Adeniyi D. O.

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Screening of hydrocarbon degrading fungi in crude oil polluted soil isolated in the Niger Delta

Bioremediation has been argued to be cheaper and more environmental friendly when compared to other remediation technology. Bioremediation make use of the ability of bacteria and fungi to biodegrade organic compound to cleanup hydrocarbon pollution. Many fungi have been shown to biodegrade simple and complex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. In this study, petroleum hydrocarbon degrading fungi have been isolated and...

Author(s): Egbo, W. Mansi, Onyewuchi Akaranta and Gideon Abu

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Combining ability assessment in Helianthus annuus L. through line × tester analysis for quantitative traits and quality parameters

The cross combinations of different lines and testers (L×T) for high yielding sunflower (Helianthus annuus) hybrids were evaluated. Plant materials were utilized by L×T mating design of 7 lines and 3 testers and their 21 hybrids were sown in the field during 2015 autumn season in RCBD design with 3 replications. Genetic variability, general combing ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) among...

Author(s): Muhammad Azeem ur Rahman Khalid, Dr Muhammad Ahsan Iqbal, Muhammad Zubair, Amanullah Zafar, Asad Butt, Sulman Abid, Yasir Shahzad, Muhammad Ajmal and Ali Adnan Liaqat

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability and diversity studies in Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) genotypes based on cluster analysis using agronomic and quality traits in Southern Ethiopia

Genetic diversity is worthwhile for durum wheat breeding and consequently results in production of more efficient varieties under different conditions. Cluster analysis based on Euclidean distances was carried out with 21 durum wheat genotypes to assess the genetic diversity for agronomic and quality traits. The Unweighted Pair Group Average using Arithmetic Mean as linkage rule was used for the analysis of the...

Author(s): Yonas Shimelis, Wassu Mohammed and Tesfaye Letta

May 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Post-harvest evaluation of selected inbred lines to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais resistance

Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) is a major maize (Zea mays L.) storage insect pest in the tropics which reduces the quantity and quality of maize hence facilitating establishment of aflatoxin and other mycotoxins. The objective of this study was to evaluate maize weevil resistance on selected inbred lines. Twenty eight inbred lines with 2 checks (MTPO701-reistant and Duma 41-susceptible) were used in this...

Author(s): Khakata S., Mbute F. N., Chemining’wa G. N., Mwimali M., Karanja J., Harvey J. and Mwololo J. K.

May 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium bovis in Jalisco, Mexico: Tracing back sources of infection

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that presents risk to public health, causing severe economic losses to the livestock industry and difficulty in eradication because of its complex epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify relationships between Mycobacterium bovis strains from cattle in the State of Jalisco, and those of other States of México. Molecular fingerprints of 337 M. bovis...

Author(s): Sara González-Ruiz, Susana L. Sosa-Gallegos, Elba Rodríguez-Hernández, Susana Flores-Villalva, Sergio I. Román-Ponce, Isabel Bárcenas-Reyes, Germinal J. Cantó-Alarcón and Feliciano Milián-Suazo  

May 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of bovine of schistosomosis in and around Nekemte, East Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 at Guto Gida District, Nekemte, Ethiopia to determine the prevalence of bovine schistosomosis. Simple random sampling method was used to select the study animals and sedimentation technique was applied for finding Schistosoma eggs from fresh fecal samples. Out of 384 fecal samples examined, 22 were found positive indicating an overall prevalence of 5.7%...

Author(s): Abriham Kebede Jiregna Dugassa, Geremew Haile and Berhanu Wakjira

May 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Status of mange infestation in indigenous sheep and goats and their control practices in Wag-Himra zone, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to April 2017 to estimate the status of mange infestation in indigenous sheep and goats and identify the major species of mites and potential risk factors in selected districts with different agro-ecological zones of Wag-Himra zone. In addition, a questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the awareness and control practices of livestock owners on mange...

Author(s): Adane Agegnehu, Basaznew Bogale, Shimelis Tesfaye and Shimelis Dagnachew

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Technical evaluation of soil and water conservation measures in Maego Watershed, North Ethiopia

Soil and water conservation (SWC) practices have been carried out to solve land degradation problems in Ethiopia since the last 3 decades. Technical evaluation of the implemented SWC structures is essential for effectiveness and sustainability of the measures. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify and evaluate the technical quality of constructed physical SWC structures in Maego watershed, Ethiopia. The...

Author(s): Gebremariam Yaebiyo Dimtsu  

May 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Determination of cadmium, chromium and lead in four brands of herbal bitters preparation sold in Benin- city, Southern Nigeria

This study evaluated the level of three toxic heavy metals (cadmium, chromium and lead) in four selected brands of herbal bitter preparations sold in Benin City, Southern Nigeria purchased from chemists' shops, using the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometric technique. The result of the atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) analysis showed that Chromium (Cr) was not detected in any of the four brands. Lead (Pb)...

Author(s): Afieroho O. E., Achara F., Adewoyin B. and Abo K. A.

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Impact of productive safety net program in rural community of Ethiopia: A review study

Ethiopia lunched Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) as social protection program since 2005 to tackle the causes of food insecurity. Even though, the country lunched the PSNP there are different challenges that hinder proper implementation of program for attaining intended impact on rural community. This paper seeks to review the impact of Ethiopia’s PSNP and its implementation challenges through qualitative...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke Kassa

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Pollinator habitat: A cooperative project between the landfill industry and blueberry growers

Bee decline is a threat worldwide. An extension project was initiated to make the general public, industry, and municipalities aware of this problem. This study demonstrated pollinator habitat suitable for Maine farms by developing cooperation between the Maine wild blueberry industry and a regional commercial waste landfill. The reason for involving the landfill industry was to demonstrate and encourage non-farm...

Author(s): Alison C. Dibble, Megan Leach and Frank Drummond

May 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Farmers’ knowledge and practice of organic vegetable cultivation: A field level study of two villages from Bangladesh

The study aimed to determine farmers’ knowledge and practice regarding organic vegetable cultivation as well as to ascertain farmers’ awareness concerning health and environmental aspects. The study was conducted at two villages of Kishoregonj District. The selected villages were Shadullar Char and Borobag Char. The total number of household was 800 in two villages. Among them 400 households were randomly...

Author(s): Farouque M. G. and Sarker M. A.

May 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of chemical, botanical and cultural management options of termite in Tanqua Abergelle district, Ethiopia

The study was carried out to evaluate the effect of botanical, chemical and cultural methods on the management of termite in seedling beds of hot pepper in Tanqua Abergelle district of Sheka Tekli during 2015-2016. The experiment comprised of treatments including Neem Leaf extract, wood ash, Dursban and control and each treatment was applied at 40 kg ha-1, 10000 kg ha-1, and 0.5 L ha-1 respectively. The experiment was...

Author(s): Atsbha Gebreslasie and Hintsa Meressa  

May 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Response of onion (Allium cepa l.) to deficit irrigation under different furrow irrigation water management techniques in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia

Scarcity of water is the most severe constraint for development of agriculture in arid and semi-arid areas. Under this condition, the need to use the available water economically and efficiently is unquestionable. Based on the actual crop need, irrigation management has to be improved so that the water supply to the crop can be reduced while still achieving high yield. A field experiment was carried out at Mehoni...

Author(s): Yemane Mebrahtu, Abraham Woldemichael and Solomon Habtu  

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