African Journal of Agricultural Research
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Article Number - 66E4AB041685


Vol.8(43), pp. 5354-5367 , November 2013
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2013.7055
ISSN: 1991-637X



Full Length Research Paper

Agricultural income, land size and food insecurity in Pakistan


Bilal Ahmed




Department of Economics, University of Karachi, Pakistan.


Email: bilaleconomist@hotmail.com






 Accepted: 15 October 2013  Published: 07 November 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Hundred rural-based households (50 landowners and Sharecroppers each) were interviewed regarding income-consumption in relation with land-size, household-size and debt through ANCOVA model. The Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) was greater than one (MPC>1) while, intercept found negative (C<0) describes the serious gap in income and expenditures leading to negative savings produces the debt on respondent. We also found that, the income from agricultural is not capable to compensate the food expenditure.  The debt and food insecurity are positivity linked and at least and on average, 4-acre land required meeting 8000 PKR/per-month equivalent to minimum wage for Landowner and 8-acre for Sharecroppers.

Key words: Agricultural income, land size, food insecurity, debt, food expenditures, marginal propensity to consume (MPC).


APA (2013). Agricultural income, land size and food insecurity in Pakistan. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(43), 5354-5367.
Chicago Bilal Ahmed. "Agricultural income, land size and food insecurity in Pakistan." African Journal of Agricultural Research 8, no. 43 (2013): 5354-5367.
MLA Bilal Ahmed. "Agricultural income, land size and food insecurity in Pakistan." African Journal of Agricultural Research 8.43 (2013): 5354-5367.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJAR2013.7055
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJAR/article-abstract/66E4AB041685

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