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Article Number - 48AF7EF57190


Vol.15(5), pp. 110-117 , February 2016
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14994
ISSN: 1684-5315


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Full Length Research Paper

Adsorption of copper, zinc and lead on biosurfactant produced from cassava wastewater



Larissa Kummer
  • Larissa Kummer
  • Department of Chemistry and Biology, Federal Technological University of Paraná (UTFPR). Rua Deputado Heitor Alencar Furtado, 5000 - 81280-340 Curitiba-PR, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Natássia Jersak Cosmann
  • Natássia Jersak Cosmann
  • Center of Exact and Technological Sciences, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE/CASCAVEL/CCET/ PGEAGRI), Rua Universitária, 2069 - 85819-110 Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Glaucia Maria Pastore
  • Glaucia Maria Pastore
  • Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, State University of Campinas, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 13083-862 Campinas, SP, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Ana Paula Resende Simiqueli
  • Ana Paula Resende Simiqueli
  • Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, State University of Campinas, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 13083-862 Campinas, SP, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Vander de Freitas Melo
  • Vander de Freitas Melo
  • Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Rua dos Funcionários, 1540 - 80035-050 Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Simone Damasceno Gomes
  • Simone Damasceno Gomes
  • Center of Exact and Technological Sciences, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE/CASCAVEL/CCET/ PGEAGRI), Rua Universitária, 2069 - 85819-110 Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 18 September 2015  Accepted: 01 February 2016  Published: 03 February 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The remediation of soils contaminated by hydrophobic compounds, especially petroleum derivatives, using surfactants has been fairly studied. The use of these compounds in heavy metal contaminated areas is incipient and their mechanism of action has not been totally elucidated yet. The biosurfactants are compounds with surfactant characteristics produced by living organisms and have several environmental advantages, like greater biodegradability and production from renewable sources. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adsorption potential of the metals copper, zinc and lead onto the biosurfactant structure and to relate it to the Langmuir and Freündlich physicochemical models of adsorption. The biosurfactant produced presented an emulsification index (EI) around 60%, which was stable even after 72 h of emulsion formation. The analysis of FTIR and HPLC confirmed that the biosurfactant produced is composed mainly of surfactin, found in concentration of 28%. The biosurfactant was capable of adsorbing the metals in its structure. In the adsorption process of Pb2+, the biosurfactant was considered as an interesting adsorbent, but this behavior did not adjust satisfactorily to Langmuir and Freündlich models. Thus, the biosurfactant has the potential to be utilized in remediation processes of soils and treatment of effluents contaminated by heavy metals.

 

Key words: Bacillus subtilis, trace elements, heavy metals, remediation of contaminated areas, agro industrial residue, surfactin.

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APA Kummer, L., Cosmann, N. J., Pastore, G. M., Simiqueli, A. P. R., Melo, V. F., & Gomes, S. D. (2016). Adsorption of copper, zinc and lead on biosurfactant produced from cassava wastewater. African Journal of Biotechnology , 15(5), 110-117.
Chicago Larissa Kummer, Nat&assia Jersak Cosmann, Glaucia Maria Pastore, Ana Paula Resende Simiqueli, Vander de Freitas Melo and Simone Damasceno Gomes. "Adsorption of copper, zinc and lead on biosurfactant produced from cassava wastewater." African Journal of Biotechnology 15, no. 5 (2016): 110-117.
MLA Larissa Kummer, et al. "Adsorption of copper, zinc and lead on biosurfactant produced from cassava wastewater." African Journal of Biotechnology 15.5 (2016): 110-117.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14994
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJB/article-abstract/48AF7EF57190

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