African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 11997

Table of Content: 17 May, 2017; 16(20)

May 2017

Effect of different concentrations of bush passion fruit pulp and temperature in the production of beer

Among many species of passion fruit, the bush passion fruit (Passiflora cincinnata Mast.) is a wild, edible fruit, of exotic flavor and has good acceptability for consumption. This study aimed to determine the physico-chemical characteristics of the bush passion fruit pulp, and to produce and characterize physico- chemically the ale beer made with bush passion fruit as a malt adjunct, using different percentages (10,...

Author(s): Verena Fiscina de Melo, Geiza Suzart Araújo, José Ailton Conceição Bispo, Vanildo Luiz Del Bianchi and Giovani Brandão Mafra de Carvalho

May 2017

Association of growth hormone gene polymorphism with quantitative characteristics of thin-tailed sheep using PCR-RFLP in Jambi province

The objective of this research was to obtain quantitative growth hormone gene polymorphism association between growth hormone gene genotype with quantitative characteristics of the thin-tail sheep in the highlands and lowlands of Jambi Province. Two phases of research were done on the field and in the laboratory. Field research which was conducted to obtain the quantitative characteristics data includes; withers height...

Author(s): Depison, Sarbaini Anwar, Jamsari, Arnim and Yurnalis

May 2017

Exploration of Sri Lankan soil fungi for biocontrol properties

Sri Lankan soil is a rich source of fungi with new strains that are not well explored to date. In the present study, a total of 83 soil fungi were isolated from different locations of Sri Lanka using chitin and β-1,3-glucan selective media. Of the 83 isolates, 22 isolates showed high biocontrol activities against seven selected plant pathogenic fungi in dual culture plate assay. These 22 isolates were further...

Author(s): Herath H. H. M. A. U., Wijesundera R. L. C., Chandrasekharan N. V. and Wijesundera W. S. S.

May 2017

Computer simulation of benzene, toluene and p-xylene adsorption onto activated carbon

In this work, the adsorption of benzene, toluene and p-xylene on activated carbon was verified through a computer simulation. A carbon model was used as the work basis. Several steps were completed from the modeling of the carbon structures and pollutants to simulations of molecular dynamics. After analyzing the results, it was found that the groups: ether, lactone and carbonyl (ketone) present in the carbon structure...

Author(s): Wanessa Almeida da Costa, Carlyle Ribeiro Lima, Frederico Guilherme Santana da Silva Filho, Mozaniel Santana de Oliveira, Renato Macedo Cordeiro, Raul Nunes de Carvalho Junior, Marlice Cruz Martelli and Davi do Socorro Barros Brasil

May 2017

The influence of potassium dichromate on growth and survival of the vermicomposting earthworm Eisenia foetida

The present research evaluated the redox ability of Cr6+ in the earthworm Eisenia foetida, and its effects on growth and survival. An assay was conducted with an increasing doses of K2Cr2O7 (0, 200, 400, 800, 1000, and 1200 mg K2Cr2O7 kg-1 substrate) applied to a vermicomposting system which was inoculated with 30 earthworms per chamber. Earthworm growth, estimated by weight, showed a quadratic response (p = 0.03) with...

Author(s): Martha Angélica Ramírez Tabche, Juan José Peña Cabriales, María Maldonado Vega and José Antonio Vera-Núñez

May 2017

Effect of cooking on tannin and phytate content in different bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) varieties grown in Tanzania

Phytates and tannins are present in varying proportions in legume based foods. Investigation on the effect of cooking on tannins and phytates was carried out on thirty eight raw and cooked bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) varieties. Tannins were assayed by vanillin-hydrochloric acid method, while phytates were determined by a method developed by Haugh and Lantzsch. There was a very high significant difference (P≤0.00001) in...

Author(s): Mamiro, P. S., Mwanri, A. W., Mongi, R. J., Chivaghula, T. J., Nyagaya, M. and Ntwenya, J.

May 2017

Genomic DNA isolation method from fresh wheat leaf samples without liquid nitrogen

The advent and application of molecular markers technology enabled dissection of genomic regions underling important agronomic traits in crop plants. Isolation of sufficient quantity and good quality DNA from a large number of plant samples is a major challenge in most genetic and genomic analyses. Wheat is the world’s third most important food security crop on which most molecular breeding and genetic engineering...

Author(s): Tilahun Mekonnen, Krishnamurthy Sathelly, Manju Sharma, Kassahun Tesfaye and Tanushri Kaul