African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Subscribe to AJBR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - BAF517F58956


Vol.10(4), pp. 25-29 , May 2016
DOI: 10.5897/AJBR2016.0884
ISSN: 1996-0778



Full Length Research Paper

Oil palm fruit calyx as a resource for phospholipids extraction



Gold I. L.
  • Gold I. L.
  • Biochemistry Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Km 7 Benin-Akure road, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oseni N. T.
  • Oseni N. T.
  • Biochemistry Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Km 7 Benin-Akure road, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Imoisi O. B
  • Imoisi O. B
  • Biochemistry Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Km 7 Benin-Akure road, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 16 February 2016  Accepted: 05 May 2016  Published: 31 May 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Oil palm calyx is a solid waste in the oil palm industry which is yet to find economic usage. This study aimed to determine the feasibility of recovering phospholipids from the oil palm calyx. Preliminary functional property of calyx phospholipids was determined using emulsion stability. Results indicated that oil palm calyx had 14% total lipids when extracted with methanol and 62.3% of lipids were acetone insoluble lipids (phospholipids). Methanol extracted phospholipids showed that the highest concentration of total phospholipids (1971 mg/L) with phosphatidylcholine (PC) have been the predominant phospholipid. The calyx phospholipids stabilized oil in water emulsion at 2% concentration. The study serves as a foundation on the positive usage of oil palm calyx in producing industrial phospholipids.

Key words: Oil palm, lecithin, phospholipids, waste, palm calyx oil.

American Oil Chemists Society (2005). AOCS Official Procedure, Approved Procedure Am 5-04, Rapid determination of oil/fat utilizing high temperature solvent extraction. Urbana, IIinois: AOAC.

 

Choo Y, Bong S, Ma A, Chuah Cth (2004). Phospholipids from palm-pressed fiber. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 81(5):471-475.
Crossref

 
 

Chua S, Tan C, Lai O (2008). Effect of absorbent in solid‐phase extraction on quantification of phospholipids in palm‐pressed fiber. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 110:(4)334-340.
Crossref

 
 

Coorey R, Grant A, Jayasena V (2012). Effects of chia flour incorporation on the nutritive quality and consumer acceptance of chips. J. Food Res. 1(4):85.
Crossref

 
 

De Leonardis A, Macciola V (2012). Heat-oxidation stability of palm oil blended with extra virgin olive oil. Food chemistry. 135(3):1769-1776. Firestone D (2009). Official methods and recommended practices of the AOCS (6th Ed.). AOCS.

 
 

Gober KH, Gunther BR, Lunebach EM, Repplinger G, Wiedermann M (1993). Isolation and analysis of phospholipids and phospholipid mixtures. (Cevc G, Eds.), Phospholipids handbook.. USA: CRC Press. pp. 39-52.

 
 

Gunstone FD (2011). Production and trade of vegetable oils. Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses (2nd Ed.). pp. 1-24.
Crossref

 
 

Hinton CJ, Pratt CD, De Vadetzsky E, Landwill KE, McCloskey KE, Schuemann HW (1970). Twenty years of confectionery and chocolate progress. Twenty Years of Confectionery and Chocolate Progress 111. Westport, Connecticut: FAO.

 
 

Kang DH, Row KH (2002). Fractionation of soybean phospholipids by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography with sorbents of various particle size. Journal of Chromatography A. 949(1):217-223.
Crossref

 
 

Mounts TL, Abidi SL, Rennick KA (1996). Effect of genetic modification on the content and composition of bioactive constituents in soybean oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 73(5):581-586.
Crossref

 
 

Mounts TL, Nash AM (1990). HPLC analysis of phospholipids in crude oil for evaluation of soybean deterioration. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 67(11):757-760.
Crossref

 
 

Nikovska K (2010). Oxidative stability and rheological properties of oil-in-water emulsions with walnut oil. Adv. J. Food Sci. Technol. 2(3):172-177.

 
 

Olagunju FI (2008). Economics of Palm Oil Processing in South Western Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Res. 1(2):69-77.

 
 

Poku K (2002). Small-scale palm oil processing in Africa. Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

 
 

Rydhag L, Wilton I (1981). The function of phospholipids of soybean lecithin in emulsions. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 58(8):830-837.
Crossref

 
 

Sigma-Aldrich (1997). Technical documents: BCl3-Methanol 12%.

 
 

Sumathi S, Chai SP, Mohamed AR (2008). Utilization of oil palm as a source of renewable energy in Malaysia. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 12(9):2404-2421.
Crossref

 
 

Szuhaj BF (1989). Lecithins: sources, manufacture & uses, (12th Ed.). J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. pp. 174-225.

 
 

Tay JH (1991). Complete reclamation of oil palm wastes. Resour. Conserv. Recycling. 5(4):383-392.
Crossref

 
 

Van Nieuwenhuyzen W (1976). Lecithin production and properties. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 53(6):425-427.
Crossref

 

 


APA Gold, I. L., Oseni, N. T., & Imoisi, O. B. (2016). Oil palm fruit calyx as a resource for phospholipids extraction. African Journal of Biochemistry Research , 10(4), 25-29.
Chicago Gold I. L., Oseni N. T. and Imoisi O. B.. "Oil palm fruit calyx as a resource for phospholipids extraction." African Journal of Biochemistry Research 10, no. 4 (2016): 25-29.
MLA Gold I. L., Oseni N. T. and Imoisi O. B.. "Oil palm fruit calyx as a resource for phospholipids extraction." African Journal of Biochemistry Research 10.4 (2016): 25-29.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJBR2016.0884
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJBR/article-abstract/BAF517F58956

Subscription Form