African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
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Article Number - A02C9AA64350

Vol.11(6), pp. 272-291 , June 2017
ISSN: 1996-0786

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Bioremediation of soil and water polluted by cyanide: A review

Lovasoa Christine Razanamahandry*
  • Lovasoa Christine Razanamahandry*
  • Department of Water and Sanitary Engineering, Laboratory of Water, Decontamination, Ecosystem and Health (LEDES), International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), 01 Po Box 594, 01 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Hela Karoui
  • Hela Karoui
  • Department of Water and Sanitary Engineering, Laboratory of Water, Decontamination, Ecosystem and Health (LEDES), International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), 01 Po Box 594, 01 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Harinaivo Anderson Andrianisa
  • Harinaivo Anderson Andrianisa
  • Department of Water and Sanitary Engineering, Laboratory of Water, Decontamination, Ecosystem and Health (LEDES), International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), 01 Po Box 594, 01 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Hamma Yacouba
  • Hamma Yacouba
  • Department of Research, International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), 01 Po Box 594, 01 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 14 December 2016  Accepted: 13 April 2017  Published: 30 June 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Cyanide is a chemical that is widely distributed in the environment, mainly as a result of anthropogenic activities. Only small quantities are naturally produced. Most industrial activities use this chemical compound for manufacturing a product as electroplating or for extracting gold. Exposure to cyanide results in negative health impacts to the wildlife and humans. In nature, cyanide occurs in several species and fates, of which the free cyanide forms are the most toxic ones. Cyanide can be removed by chemical or biological processes. Biological treatment called bioremediation, which is cost-effective and eco-friendly, is the most applied process to remove cyanide from contaminated environments. This technology focused on the use of microorganisms to remove pollutants. Many microorganisms have been reported to transform the cyanide in another less toxic compound, or to consume cyanide for their growth. The reactions are influenced by environmental parameters such as pH and temperature and by the nutriment availability. Bioremediation technologies were few applied in most of African Countries.  Future works should focus on how to adapt the bioremediation technologies that already applied in other parts of the World in African context.

Key words: Biotreatment, chemical compound, environment, microorganism.

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APA Razanamahandry, L. C., Karoui, H., Andrianisa, H. A., & Yacouba, H. (2017). Bioremediation of soil and water polluted by cyanide: A review. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 11(6), 272-291.
Chicago Lovasoa Christine Razanamahandry, Hela Karoui, Harinaivo Anderson Andrianisa and Hamma Yacouba. "Bioremediation of soil and water polluted by cyanide: A review." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11, no. 6 (2017): 272-291.
MLA Lovasoa Christine Razanamah, et al. "Bioremediation of soil and water polluted by cyanide: A review." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11.6 (2017): 272-291.

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