African Journal of Food Science
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Article Number - 1D7F40F63927


Vol.11(5), pp. 130-133 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJFS2016.1543
ISSN: 1996-0794



Full Length Research Paper

Quality assessment of oil from Parkia filicoidea (Mkundi) seeds



Davies Emmanuel Mweta
  • Davies Emmanuel Mweta
  • Malawi University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 5196, Limbe, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Peter Unique Magombo
  • Peter Unique Magombo
  • The Polytechnic, University of Malawi, Private Bag 303, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 13 January 2017  Accepted: 06 February 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Oil was extracted from Parkia filicoidea seed, an African locust bean seed locally known as Mkundi and its quality was determined in order to unravel its potential as source of edible oils in Malawi. The quality of the oil was determined by analysis of the iodine value, peroxide, saponification value, acid value, impurity percentage, colour and cloud point. The result showed that Mkundi seeds contain about 12.06 ± 0.26% crude oil with an impurity of 4.2%. The colour of the oil was deep red. The iodine (mg I2/g), saponification (mg KOH/g), peroxide (mEq/g) and acid (mg KOH/g) values ranged from 20.13 to 21.23, 176.72 to 185.13, 1.92 to 2.20 and 3.36 to 4.60, respectively. These values fall within the ranges of edible oils found in the market and, therefore, Mkundi seeds are potentially a source of edible oil in Malawi.

 

Key words: Parkia filicoidea, edible oils, quality, Malawi, African locust bean seed.

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APA Mweta, D. E., & Magombo, P. U. (2017). Quality assessment of oil from Parkia filicoidea (Mkundi) seeds. African Journal of Food Science, 11(5), 130-133.
Chicago Davies Emmanuel Mweta and Peter Unique Magombo. "Quality assessment of oil from Parkia filicoidea (Mkundi) seeds." African Journal of Food Science 11, no. 5 (2017): 130-133.
MLA Davies Emmanuel Mweta and Peter Unique Magombo. "Quality assessment of oil from Parkia filicoidea (Mkundi) seeds." African Journal of Food Science 11.5 (2017): 130-133.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJFS2016.1543
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJFS/article-abstract/1D7F40F63927

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