African Journal of Food Science
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Article Number - 469CC9555237


Vol.12(1), pp. 6-14 , January 2018
DOI: 10.5897/AJFS2017.1589
ISSN: 1996-0794



Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of entomophagy in Abidjan (Cote D’ivoire, West Africa)



G. P. EHOUNOU
  • G. P. EHOUNOU
  • Laboratory of Zoology and Animal Biology, UFR (Faculty) of Biosciences, University FélixHouphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
S. W. M. OUAII-N’GORAN
  • S. W. M. OUAII-N’GORAN
  • Laboratory of Zoology and Animal Biology, UFR (Faculty) of Biosciences, University FélixHouphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
S. NIASSY
  • S. NIASSY
  • ICIPE - African Insect Science for Food and Health,Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 03 September 2017  Accepted: 28 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


In order to assess the contribution of edible insects to the efforts for combatting food insecurity and poverty in Côte d’Ivoire, a survey aimed at identifying edible insects in Côte d’Ivoire was conducted from August 2014 to August 2015 in three communes in the city of Abidjan (Abobo, Adjamé and Yopougon). Four hundred and seventy-two people were interviewed at random. The results revealed that 59.72% of the respondents consume insects against 40.27% who do not consume them. This study has helped to identify nine edible insect species belonging to eight families and five orders. The species Imbrasia oyemensis (Lepidoptera, Satunidae) and Macrotermes subhylinus (Isoptera, Macrotermitidae) are widely consumed due to their availability in markets. The species Rhyncophorus phoenicis (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) or palm tree caterpillar is one of the most prized by 40% of the surveyed population. The statistical analyses applied to the 365 people surveyed revealed that insect consumption is a function of the cultural area (X²=76.7; ddl= 4, p < 0.05) and the age ((X²=54.88, ddl=3; p < 0.05) of the consumers. In economic terms, insect trade remains a significant source of income in households having an average income estimated at 58,666.66±11216 FCFA per seller and per month. However, their availability in markets is seasonal. A mastery of the biology of these insects could ensure their permanent availability in markets.

Key words: Edible insects, Abidjan, motivations, age, region, consumers.

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APA EHOUNOU, G. P., OUAII-N’GORAN, S. W. M., & NIASSY, S. (2018). Assessment of entomophagy in Abidjan (Cote D’ivoire, West Africa). African Journal of Food Science, 12(1), 6-14.
Chicago G. P. EHOUNOU, S. W. M. OUAII-N’GORAN and S. NIASSY. "Assessment of entomophagy in Abidjan (Cote D’ivoire, West Africa)." African Journal of Food Science 12, no. 1 (2018): 6-14.
MLA G. P. EHOUNOU, S. W. M. OUAII-N’GORAN and S. NIASSY. "Assessment of entomophagy in Abidjan (Cote D’ivoire, West Africa)." African Journal of Food Science 12.1 (2018): 6-14.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJFS2017.1589
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJFS/article-abstract/469CC9555237

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