African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 756

Full Length Research Paper

Nutrient composition of cat’s whiskers (Cleome gynandra L.) from different agro ecological zones in Malawi

Harris Jinazali*
  • Harris Jinazali*
  • Department of Human Nutrition and Health, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Beatrice Mtimuni
  • Beatrice Mtimuni
  • Department of Human Nutrition and Health, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Eric Chilembwe
  • Eric Chilembwe
  • Department of Horticulture, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 20 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 04 August 2016
  •  Published: 31 January 2017

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the nutrient composition of Cleome gynandra L. Nutrient content determination of C. gynandra was limited in the previous studies done in Malawi. C. gynandra is a readily available vegetable used for relish and medicine. The study was done from February to March 2014. Nutrient analysis was done on C. gynandra. L. leaf samples collected from different agro-ecological zones in Malawi. Nutrient analyses included moisture, protein, crude fibre, ash, iron, calcium and zinc. All the analysis of the nutrients was done on dry weight basis. Results obtained indicated significant differences (p<0.05) in ash, iron and calcium contents ranging from 5.2 to 6.88, 22.93 mg/100 g – 44.7 and 1667.0 – 2497.5 mg/100 g, respectively. However C. gynandra from different agro ecological zones did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) in moisture content ranging from 79.28– 83.58 g/100 g, protein content ranging from 3.85– 5.80 g/100 g, crude fibre content ranging from 1.76– 2.06 g/100 g, vitamin C ranging from 214.31– 319.12 mg/100 g and zinc ranging from 2.28 – 2.9 mg/100 g. This study revealed that C. gynandra contains macro and micro nutrients which are essential for the growth and maintenance of the human body. Hence, it can be promoted for consumption to contribute some nutrients to the diet. The values generated by this study can contribute to Malawi Food Composition database.

Key words: Agro ecological zone, Cleome gynandra, Malawi, nutrients.