African Journal of Food Science
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Article Number - E6F731C62077


Vol.11(1), pp. 24-29 , January 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJFS2016.1478
ISSN: 1996-0794



Full Length Research Paper

Nutrient composition of cat’s whiskers (Cleome gynandra L.) from different agro ecological zones in Malawi



Harris Jinazali*
  • Harris Jinazali*
  • Department of Human Nutrition and Health, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Beatrice Mtimuni
  • Beatrice Mtimuni
  • Department of Human Nutrition and Health, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Eric Chilembwe
  • Eric Chilembwe
  • Department of Horticulture, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 20 June 2016  Accepted: 04 August 2016  Published: 31 January 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The aim of the present study was to determine the nutrient composition of Cleome gynandra L. Nutrient content determination of C. gynandra was limited in the previous studies done in Malawi. C. gynandra is a readily available vegetable used for relish and medicine. The study was done from February to March 2014. Nutrient analysis was done on C. gynandra. L. leaf samples collected from different agro-ecological zones in Malawi. Nutrient analyses included moisture, protein, crude fibre, ash, iron, calcium and zinc. All the analysis of the nutrients was done on dry weight basis. Results obtained indicated significant differences (p<0.05) in ash, iron and calcium contents ranging from 5.2 to 6.88, 22.93 mg/100 g – 44.7 and 1667.0 – 2497.5 mg/100 g, respectively. However C. gynandra from different agro ecological zones did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) in moisture content ranging from 79.28– 83.58 g/100 g, protein content ranging from 3.85– 5.80 g/100 g, crude fibre content ranging from 1.76– 2.06 g/100 g, vitamin C ranging from 214.31– 319.12 mg/100 g and zinc ranging from 2.28 – 2.9 mg/100 g. This study revealed that C. gynandra contains macro and micro nutrients which are essential for the growth and maintenance of the human body. Hence, it can be promoted for consumption to contribute some nutrients to the diet. The values generated by this study can contribute to Malawi Food Composition database.

Key words: Agro ecological zone, Cleome gynandra, Malawi, nutrients.

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APA Jinazali, H., Mtimuni, B., & Chilembwe, E. (2017). Nutrient composition of cat’s whiskers (Cleome gynandra L.) from different agro ecological zones in Malawi. African Journal of Food Science, 11(1), 24-29.
Chicago Harris Jinazali, Beatrice Mtimuni and Eric Chilembwe. "Nutrient composition of cat’s whiskers (Cleome gynandra L.) from different agro ecological zones in Malawi." African Journal of Food Science 11, no. 1 (2017): 24-29.
MLA Harris Jinazali, Beatrice Mtimuni and Eric Chilembwe. "Nutrient composition of cat’s whiskers (Cleome gynandra L.) from different agro ecological zones in Malawi." African Journal of Food Science 11.1 (2017): 24-29.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJFS2016.1478
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJFS/article-abstract/E6F731C62077

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