African Journal of History and Culture
Subscribe to AJHC
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 0716D7147748


Vol.6(9), pp. 175-182 , November 2014
DOI: 10.5897/AJHC2013.0153
ISSN: 2141-6672



Full Length Research Paper

The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity



Shyamal Chandra Sarkar
  • Shyamal Chandra Sarkar
  • History, Prasannadeb Women's College, affiliated to North Bengal University, Jalpaiguri, Paschimbanga, India.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 25 June 2013  Accepted: 19 September 2014  Published: 30 November 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The roots of the Indian women’s movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women’s organizations. Women started forming their own organization from the end of the nineteenth century first at the local and then at the national level. In 1946, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women’s participation in tebhaga movement broadened the base of the women’s movement. Tebhaga movement was one of the great post war peasant agitations in Bengal. It was the most extensive of all the post war agrarian agitation. Women of Bengal played a rather significant role in this movement. After the end of the Second World War, there were a number of educated women who were participating in the various peasant rebellions that were springing up all over the country. The legacy of female nationalists, taking part in the Quit India Movement and accepting prison sentence for the nation, had ignited the flame of protest in the hearts of women. Thus there was seen the active participation of women on par with men in these movements and rebellions of which the Tebhaga movement was one. This movement erupted in 1946 in Bengal on the eve of the withdrawal of the British. Although the tide of Tebhaga receded as fast as it rose, the uprising stands out as one of the most important political events in twentieth century Bengal. Among the unique features of the movement is the large-scale participation of women on par with men. The landless and poor peasant women formed fighting troops called ‘Nari Bahini’ and took a front rank role in defending the gains of the movement and in countering the repression of the state. Women of Jalpaiguri District also played an active role in this movement. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of women in the Tebhaga movement under the leadership of Communists and seeks to throw light on fundamental questions such as why, despite women's demonstrated capacity to organize, struggle and lead progressive movements.

 

Key words: Tebhaga, exploitation, Nari Bahini, Jotedar, Zamindar, Krishak Sabha, sharecroppers, communist party, justice.

 

Dasgupta R (1992). Economy, Society and Politics in Bengal: Jalpaiguri 1869 – 1947, Oxford University Press, p. 225-235.

 

Chattopadhyay, Kunal, Tebhaga Andoloner Itihas, Kolkata: Progressive Publishers, Kolkata, p. 50.

 


APA Sarkar, S. C. (2014). The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity. African Journal of History and Culture, 6(9), 175-182.
Chicago Shyamal Chandra Sarkar. "The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity." African Journal of History and Culture 6, no. 9 (2014): 175-182.
MLA Shyamal Chandra Sarkar. "The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity." African Journal of History and Culture 6.9 (2014): 175-182.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJHC2013.0153
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJHC/article-abstract/0716D7147748

Subscription Form