Land issue in Ethiopia is associated with the socio-economic and political aspects of both the people and the state. Land was said to be owned by the peasants, the church and the nobility in the form of gult and rest while later the ownership type officially changed to private and state property. Thus it is comprehend that governments in Ethiopia have made inconsistent and controversial land tenure policies. Scholars have raised this complex nature of land holding system and argued on some in support and others against the governments' policy. Therefore this paper considers the policy issues, decrees issued especially during the Derge and the EPRDF periods and debating literatures of scholars worked in relation to value of land and the tenure systems. It also observes historical developments to illustrate the change and continuities of land holding system put into practice in particular regions and the country as a whole.
Key words: Proclamation, policy, land tenure, gult, rest, expert.
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