African Journal of History and Culture
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Article Number - B84241855713

Vol.10(2), pp. 34-40 , February 2018
ISSN: 2141-6672

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Full Length Research Paper

Women empowerment through ‘Abegar’ in South Wollo: A critical ethnography

Rukya Hassen
  • Rukya Hassen
  • Department of Applied Linguistics, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 21 March 2017  Accepted: 15 May 2017  Published: 28 February 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

It is the objective of this study to describe, explain and critically analyze the role of the traditional social practice of ‘Abegar’ to empower women in South Wollo, Ethiopia. Data were collected through participant observation, record of social events and in-depth interview. The study was conducted from April to June 2014 E.C. Five social events known as ‘Wodaja’ were recorded. The result of the study showed that females were empowered through the practice of ‘Abegar’ in Wodaja sessions. During female group prayer sessions, females assume the position of leadership which empowers them. Being ‘abegar’, they are able to do many things which were impossible otherwise. Through their discourse, the females express their power as mothers, sprit possessors, and smart personnel who are empowered to do many things which even men couldn’t. The discourse of ‘Abbəgarness’ (leadership) is used as an expression of power in the community. Females became leaders or ‘Abbəgars’ and are empowered through ‘dua’ (prayers). 

Key words: Women, ‘abegar’, wodaja, empowerment.

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APA Hassen, R. (2018). Women empowerment through ‘Abegar’ in South Wollo: A critical ethnography. African Journal of History and Culture, 10(2), 34-40.
Chicago Rukya Hassen. "Women empowerment through ‘Abegar’ in South Wollo: A critical ethnography." African Journal of History and Culture 10, no. 2 (2018): 34-40.
MLA Rukya Hassen. "Women empowerment through ‘Abegar’ in South Wollo: A critical ethnography." African Journal of History and Culture 10.2 (2018): 34-40.

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