African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
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Article Number - 451AB3257933


Vol.10(2), pp. 23-32 , March 2016
DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC2016.0676
ISSN: 1996-0840



Review

The effect of corrosion inhibitors on stainless steels and aluminium alloys: A review



Eugene Uwiringiyimana
  • Eugene Uwiringiyimana
  • Department of Petroleum Chemistry, American University of Nigeria, PMB 2250, Yola, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
O’Donnell P. Sylvester
  • O’Donnell P. Sylvester
  • Department of Petroleum Chemistry, American University of Nigeria, PMB 2250, Yola, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ifeoma V. Joseph
  • Ifeoma V. Joseph
  • Department of Petroleum Chemistry, American University of Nigeria, PMB 2250, Yola, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Feyisayo V. Adams
  • Feyisayo V. Adams
  • Department of Petroleum Chemistry, American University of Nigeria, PMB 2250, Yola, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 12 February 2016  Accepted: 18 March 2016  Published: 31 March 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This paper summarizes the effect of inhibitors on the corrosion of stainless steels and aluminium alloys in different media. Stainless steels and aluminium alloys have a wide range of applications in construction, transport, domestic appliances, medical, and energy related fields. The exposure of stainless steels and aluminium alloys to corroding environments however, results in the degradation of the materials. Inhibitors are used to mitigate the corrosion of these alloys in various corrosive media and enhance their durability. Corrosion inhibitors can either be anodic inhibitors, cathodic inhibitors, mixed inhibitors, or volatile corrosion inhibitors. This review showed that inhibition efficiency increases with increase in inhibitor concentration irrespective of alloy tested. However, adsorption of inhibitors on the alloys’ surface depends on the alloy type. Adsorption of inhibitors on the surface of stainless steels obeyed Langmuir adsorption isotherms, while those of aluminium alloys obeyed Langmuir, Temkin, Flory-Huggins and Freundlich isotherms. This study is important for different industrial fields where stainless steels and aluminium alloys are utilized.

Key words: Aluminium, corrosion, corrosive media, inhibitor, stainless steels.

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APA Uwiringiyimana, E., Sylvester, O.’D. P., Joseph, I. V., & Adams, F. V. (2016). The effect of corrosion inhibitors on stainless steels and aluminium alloys: A review. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 10(2), 23-32.
Chicago Eugene Uwiringiyimana, O’Donnell P. Sylvester, Ifeoma V. Joseph and Feyisayo V. Adams. "The effect of corrosion inhibitors on stainless steels and aluminium alloys: A review." African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 10, no. 2 (2016): 23-32.
MLA Eugene Uwiringiyimana, et al. "The effect of corrosion inhibitors on stainless steels and aluminium alloys: A review." African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 10.2 (2016): 23-32.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPAC2016.0676
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPAC/article-abstract/451AB3257933

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