African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
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Article Number - ED173E965255


Vol.11(3), pp. 19-29 , June 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC2017.0721
ISSN: 1996-0840



Extended Abstract

Effect of roasting temperature on the physicochemical properties of Jatropha curcas Kernel oil extracted with cold hexane and hot water



Louis M. Nwokocha
  • Louis M. Nwokocha
  • Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Adewale Adegbuyiro
  • Adewale Adegbuyiro
  • Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, United States.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 25 March 2017  Accepted: 18 May 2017  Published: 30 June 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The industrial application of a vegetable oil is determined by the oil properties. This work was undertaken to alter the properties of Jatropha curcas Kernel oil and possibly find new applications for it. The seed kernels were roasted to different temperatures (140 to 230°C) and the physicochemical properties of the cold hexane and hot water extracted oils were studied. The oil yield, saponification, iodine, acid and peroxide values were affected by roasting temperature and method of extraction and these showed significant difference (p < 0.05). The calculated fuel properties: cetane number and calorific value were improved upon roasting, with cold hexane extracted oils yielding better results. Roasting improved the properties of the oil as diesel substitute but its suitability for use in paints and surface coatings formulation was reduced. The hot water extracted oil showed improved properties for soap production.

Key words: Jatropha curcas, roasting temperature, oil extraction, physicochemical properties.

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APA Nwokocha, L. M., & Adegbuyiro, A. (2017). Effect of roasting temperature on the physicochemical properties of Jatropha curcas Kernel oil extracted with cold hexane and hot water. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 11(3), 19-29.
Chicago Louis M. Nwokocha and Adewale Adegbuyiro. "Effect of roasting temperature on the physicochemical properties of Jatropha curcas Kernel oil extracted with cold hexane and hot water." African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 11, no. 3 (2017): 19-29.
MLA Louis M. Nwokocha and Adewale Adegbuyiro. "Effect of roasting temperature on the physicochemical properties of Jatropha curcas Kernel oil extracted with cold hexane and hot water." African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 11.3 (2017): 19-29.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPAC2017.0721
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPAC/article-abstract/ED173E965255

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