African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
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Article Number - 2CEF70566993


Vol.11(44), pp. 554-560 , November 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2017.4837
ISSN: 1996-0816



Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical analysis and ovicidal activity of Cassia sieberiana, Guiera senegalensis and Excoecaria grahamii extracts



Aristide TRAORE
  • Aristide TRAORE
  • Département Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles/ Pharmacie (MEPHATRA-PH), Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS/CNRST), 03 BP 7192 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Sylvin OUEDRAOGO
  • Sylvin OUEDRAOGO
  • Département Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles/ Pharmacie (MEPHATRA-PH), Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS/CNRST), 03 BP 7192 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Mohamed Bonewende BELEMLILGA
  • Mohamed Bonewende BELEMLILGA
  • Département Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles/ Pharmacie (MEPHATRA-PH), Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS/CNRST), 03 BP 7192 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Adama KABORE
  • Adama KABORE
  • DépartementProductions Animales (DPA), Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA/ CNRST), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Innocent Pierre GUISSOU
  • Innocent Pierre GUISSOU
  • Département Médecine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles/ Pharmacie (MEPHATRA-PH), Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS/CNRST), 03 BP 7192 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 19 August 2017  Accepted: 06 November 2017  Published: 29 November 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Cassia sieberiana DC. (Caesalpiniaceae), Guiera senegalensis JF. Gmel (Combretaceae) and Excoecaria grahamii (Hochst) Pax. (Euphorbiaceae) are used in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso to treat gastro-intestinal parasites. Standard methods were used for phytochemical screening and to evaluate the in vitro anthelmintic activity of the aqueous extracts of the three (3) plants using the egg hatch test against Haemonchus contortus eggs. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of anthocyanosides, tannins, saponosides, reducing compounds, carbohydrates, flavonoids and triterpenic steroids in the extracts of the root bark of C. sieberiana and the leaves of C. sieberiana, G. senegalensis and E. grahamii. All extracts inhibited significantly (p< 0.05) the eggs hatch of H. contortus. At the concentration of 14.25 mg/mL, the percentages of inhibition varied from 60.33 ± 8.43 to 76.6 ± 4.91%. These results indicate that the studied plants possess anthelminthic activities and thus justify their use for the treatment of gastrointestinal parasites infections.
 
Key words: Anthelmintic activity, medicinal plants, phytochemical, in vitro, Haemonchus contortus, Burkina Faso.
 

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APA TRAORE, A., OUEDRAOGO, S., BELEMLILGA, M. B., KABORE, A., & GUISSOU, I. P. (2017). Phytochemical analysis and ovicidal activity of Cassia sieberiana, Guiera senegalensis and Excoecaria grahamii extracts. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11(44), 554-560.
Chicago Aristide TRAORE, Sylvin OUEDRAOGO, Mohamed Bonewende BELEMLILGA, Adama KABORE and Innocent Pierre GUISSOU,. "Phytochemical analysis and ovicidal activity of Cassia sieberiana, Guiera senegalensis and Excoecaria grahamii extracts." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11, no. 44 (2017): 554-560.
MLA Aristide TRAORE, et al. "Phytochemical analysis and ovicidal activity of Cassia sieberiana, Guiera senegalensis and Excoecaria grahamii extracts." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.44 (2017): 554-560.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPP2017.4837
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPP/article-abstract/2CEF70566993

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