In the present study, the crude methanolic and its succeeding solvent fractions of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia were investigated for its diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile. The methanolic and n-hexane fractions were screened (at the dose of 200, 300 and 400 mg/kg intraperitoneally [i.p.]) for diuretic effects on BALB/c mice. The methanolic extract demonstrated a weak, but not statistically significant diuretic activity compared to the standard drug, while the diuretic effect of n-hexane was similar to negative control. The insecticidal effect shown was in low to moderate effect range. The crude methanolic extract and aqueous fraction exhibited 40% mortality against Callosobruchus analis, while chloroform and n-hexane exhibited 40% activity against Tribolium castaneum and Rhyzopertha dominica. No leishmanicidal effect was observed against any of the tested samples.
Key words: Viola betonicifolia, diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal.
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|APA||Muhammad, N. & Saeed, M. (2017). Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11(45), 573-576.|
|Chicago||Naveed Muhammad, Muhammad Saeed. "Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11, no. 45 (2017): 573-576.|
|MLA||Naveed Muhammad, Muhammad Saeed. "Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.45 (2017): 573-576.|