African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
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Article Number - 74485E367102


Vol.11(45), pp. 573-576 , December 2017
DOI: 10.2970/AJPP2013.2970
ISSN: 1996-0816



Short Communication

Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia



Naveed Muhammad
  • Naveed Muhammad
  • Departmentof Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (AWKUM). Pakistan.
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Muhammad Saeed
  • Muhammad Saeed
  • Department of Pharmacy, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 02 January 2013  Accepted: 28 December 2014  Published: 08 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


In the present study, the crude methanolic and its succeeding solvent fractions of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia were investigated for its diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile. The methanolic and n-hexane fractions were screened (at the dose of 200, 300 and 400 mg/kg intraperitoneally [i.p.]) for diuretic effects on BALB/c mice. The methanolic extract demonstrated a weak, but not statistically significant diuretic activity compared to the standard drug, while the diuretic effect of n-hexane was similar to negative control. The insecticidal effect shown was in low to moderate effect range. The crude methanolic extract and aqueous fraction exhibited 40% mortality against Callosobruchus analis, while chloroform and n-hexane exhibited 40% activity against Tribolium castaneum and Rhyzopertha dominica. No leishmanicidal effect was observed against any of the tested samples.

Key words: Viola betonicifolia, diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal.

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APA Muhammad, N. & Saeed, M. (2017). Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11(45), 573-576.
Chicago Naveed Muhammad, Muhammad Saeed. "Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11, no. 45 (2017): 573-576.
MLA Naveed Muhammad, Muhammad Saeed. "Diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia." African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.45 (2017): 573-576.
   
DOI 10.2970/AJPP2013.2970
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPP/article-abstract/74485E367102

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