African Journal of Plant Science
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Article Number - 03673C665313


Vol.11(8), pp. 331-340 , August 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1487
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

Effects of chitosan and snail shell powder on cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) growth and resistance against black pod disease caused by Phytophthora megakarya



Paul Martial Téné Tayo
  • Paul Martial Téné Tayo
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, PO Box 812 Ngoa Ekelle, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Cécile Annie Ewane
  • Cécile Annie Ewane
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, PO Box 812 Ngoa Ekelle, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Pierre Onomo Effa
  • Pierre Onomo Effa
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, PO Box 812 Ngoa Ekelle, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Thaddée Boudjeko
  • Thaddée Boudjeko
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, PO Box 812 Ngoa Ekelle, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 22 January 2017  Published: 31 August 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Chitosan and chitin sources have emerged as promising groups of biological substances that can induce plant growth and resistance to diseases. This study is aimed at investigating the potential effect of chitosan and snail shell to promote cocoa growth and induce resistance against Phytophthora megakarya. The results showed that treatment of cocoa seeds with chitosan at 1.5 to 2.0% and snail shell at 2.0% increases the percentage of germination and also reduces the time of germination. 12 weeks after planting, a series of morphological changes was observed on the plants treated with chitosan and snail shell. Plant height (34 to 39.5 cm), leaf number (11 to 13 leaves/plant), leaf area (88 to 130 cm2) and fresh weight of roots and shoots (25 to 44 g/plant) increased significantly in the chitosan and snail shell treated soils. Pods inoculated with chitosan and/or snail shell treated soil suspensions presented very slight necrotic lesions. This could be linked to a decrease in the P. megakarya load of the soil suspension. Leaf inoculation showed variation among the treatments with the lowest index (highest level of resistance) recorded in plants treated either with chitosan or snail shell. The treatment of plants with chitosan and snail shell powder before and after inoculation showed higher level of phenolic compounds than in the control plants. Furthermore, the inoculation induced a significant accumulation of proteins in the cocoa plants treated with chitosan and snail shell. The level of proteins accumulation after inoculation was higher in plants treated with snail shell than those treated with chitosan. In conclusion, the effect of snail shell on cocoa growth and resistance showed that it is possible for snail shell powder to be a biofungicide and biofertilizer used in the control of cacao Black Pod Disease in nurseries.

Key words: Theobroma cacao, Phytophthora megakarya, black pod disease, chitosan, snail shell, biocontrol agents.

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APA Tayo, P. M. T., Ewane, C. A., Effa, P. O., & Boudjeko, T. (2017). Effects of chitosan and snail shell powder on cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) growth and resistance against black pod disease caused by Phytophthora megakarya. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(8), 331-340.
Chicago Paul Martial T&en&e Tayo, C&ecile Annie Ewane, Pierre Onomo Effa, and Thadd&ee Boudjeko,. "Effects of chitosan and snail shell powder on cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) growth and resistance against black pod disease caused by Phytophthora megakarya." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 8 (2017): 331-340.
MLA Paul Martial Teacute;neacute; Tayo, et al. "Effects of chitosan and snail shell powder on cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) growth and resistance against black pod disease caused by Phytophthora megakarya." African Journal of Plant Science 11.8 (2017): 331-340.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2016.1487
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/03673C665313

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