African Journal of Plant Science
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Article Number - 389EAED64750


Vol.11(7), pp. 282-293 , July 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1441
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

Genotype × environment interactions for grain yield in rice under no drought and drought conditions



Ruth N. Musila
  • Ruth N. Musila
  • African Centre for Crop Improvement, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, Republic of South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Julia Sibiya
  • Julia Sibiya
  • African Centre for Crop Improvement, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, Republic of South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
John Derera
  • John Derera
  • African Centre for Crop Improvement, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, Republic of South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
John M. Kimani
  • John M. Kimani
  • Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), Kaptagat Road, Loresho, P. O. Box 57811, City Square, Nairobi, 00200, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Pangirayi Tongoona
  • Pangirayi Tongoona
  • African Centre for Crop Improvement, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, Republic of South Africa.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 07 July 2016  Accepted: 04 August 2016  Published: 31 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Environments in sub-Saharan Africa fluctuate considerably across sites and seasons. This suggests the importance of assessing genotype x environment interaction (GEI) in cultivar development. The objective of this study was to estimate the magnitude of GEI for rice grain yield and identify high yielding and stable rice genotypes. Fifty six genotypes including 45 F3 rice populations, their 10 parents and one check were evaluated in 7 x 8 alpha lattice design with two replications under three no drought and one random managed drought stress condition at reproductive growth stage at three sites in coast region of Kenya. The additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) analysis and genotype plus genotype x environment interaction (GGE) biplot analysis were used to measure grain yield stability of the 45 F3 populations and their 10 parents. Ranking of the genotypes changed in each environment and three mega environments were identified revealing a crossover type of GEI. The genotypes G39 (Luyin 46 x IR74371-54-1-1) and G40 (NERICA-L-25 x IR55423-01) were the most stable high yielding genotypes. These were identified as candidates with general adaption for advancement to homozygozity simultaneously selecting within each population good performing pure lines for release in the region.

Key words: Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI), genotype x environment interactions, genotype plus genotype x environment interaction (GGE) biplot, rice, yield stability.

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APA Musila, R. N., Sibiya, J., Derera, J., Kimani, J. M., & Tongoona, P. (2017). Genotype × environment interactions for grain yield in rice under no drought and drought conditions. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(7), 282-293.
Chicago Ruth N. Musila, Julia Sibiya, John Derera, John M. Kimani and Pangirayi Tongoona. "Genotype × environment interactions for grain yield in rice under no drought and drought conditions." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 7 (2017): 282-293.
MLA Ruth N. Musila, et al. "Genotype × environment interactions for grain yield in rice under no drought and drought conditions." African Journal of Plant Science 11.7 (2017): 282-293.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2016.1441
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/389EAED64750

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