African Journal of Plant Science
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Article Number - 82B02DD64753


Vol.11(7), pp. 294-297 , July 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2017.1573
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

Flowers of the intertidal seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson: A new record from tropical coast of Tanzania, Indo-Pacific



Moses Joel Shimba
  • Moses Joel Shimba
  • Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, School of Biological Sciences, University of Dodoma, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Fredrick Ekow Jonah
  • Fredrick Ekow Jonah
  • Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 17 May 2017  Accepted: 07 June 2017  Published: 31 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Flowers of the seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson in Tanzania are currently unreported. The present study was conducted along the coast of Tanzania, Indo-Pacific, Kunduchi intertidal mudflats. Transplanted cuttings from Kunduchi intertidal mudflats were successfully grown in sand-mud substrate in the growth chamber in a 12 h photoperiod (1,250 µmol photons m-2s-1) and an inductive temperature, salinity, and pH range of 24 to 28°C, 34 to 38‰, and 7 to 8, respectively. Plants began to flower after four months of culturing. No flowers were observed in the first three months; 0.229±0.50 staminate and 0.123±0.45 pistillate were recorded between April and June; 0.440±0.65 staminate and 0.221±0.03 pistillate between July and September, and 0.282±0.36 staminate and 0.105±0.78 pistillate between October and December. Although, further research is required to fully assess the pollination success and sexual reproduction including fruiting of the species, our study is the first to report the presence of flowers ex situ in Tanzania.

Key words: Mudflats, laboratory culture, sexual reproduction.

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APA Shimba, M. J., & Jonah, F. E. (2017). Flowers of the intertidal seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson: A new record from tropical coast of Tanzania, Indo-Pacific. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(7), 294-297.
Chicago Moses Joel Shimba, and Fredrick Ekow Jonah. "Flowers of the intertidal seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson: A new record from tropical coast of Tanzania, Indo-Pacific." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 7 (2017): 294-297.
MLA Moses Joel Shimba, and Fredrick Ekow Jonah. "Flowers of the intertidal seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson: A new record from tropical coast of Tanzania, Indo-Pacific." African Journal of Plant Science 11.7 (2017): 294-297.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2017.1573
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/82B02DD64753

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