African Journal of Plant Science
Subscribe to AJPS
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 83CF4FE65856


Vol.11(9), pp. 351-361 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2017.1576
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

The qualitative and quantitative impact of copper and zinc applications on winter wheat cultivation



E. Forró-Rózsa
  • E. Forró-Rózsa
  • Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Vár 2, Hungary.
  • Google Scholar
P. Szakál
  • P. Szakál
  • Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Vár 2, Hungary.
  • Google Scholar
R. Csatai
  • R. Csatai
  • Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Vár 2, Hungary.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 01 June 2017  Accepted: 10 August 2017  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The impacts of copper and zinc compounds were tested on winter wheat crop grown in calcareous chernozem soil in Hungary, Regöly, Tolna County, during the planting seasons of 2011 and 2013. This work aims to discover  the effects of different doses of copper and zinc on wheat yield (t.ha-1), in terms of gluten content (%), “Zeleny” number or sedimentation index and raw protein content (m%). Further, quality food crop of optimal chemical composition under sustainable farming conditions was also adopted. The primary criteria used for selecting the test area include: Soils with high phosphorus and lime content and those deficient of copper and zinc deficiency on the basis of soil analysis. Foliar treatments were applied on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The experiments were performed with a completely new sucrose copper compound that is not yet used in agriculture. The test compounds used in the ecological farming were applied twice in strip-plot design with area of 0.5 ha for each plot. The tests helped us to introduce the efficiency of the treatments throughout the three years. Zn increased the volume of the yield considerably. Maximum yields were achieved at 1.59 kg.ha-1 dose. Cu made each quality parameter improved more significantly. Maximum gluten contents were achieved at 1.38 kg.ha-1 Cu2+ doses. Cu of 1.50 kg.ha-1 produced the highest raw protein content and Cu of 1.52 kg.ha-1 showed the highest Zeleny values in sedimentation tests. This proves the highest efficiency of Zn and Cu applied at 1.4 to 1.6 kg.ha-1 doses.

 

Key words: Essential microelements, winter wheat, quality, yield, precision technology.

Alloway BJ (1995). Heavy metals in soils. Blackie Academic & Professional, Chapman & Hall, London. 368 p.
Crossref

 

Cakmak I (2008). Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant Soil 302(1-2):1-17.
Crossref

 
 

Cakmak I, Yilmaz A, Ekiz H, Torun B, Erenoglu B, Braun HJ (1996). Zinc deficiency as a critical nutritional problem in wheat production in Central Anatolia. Plant Soil 180(2):165-172.
Crossref

 
 

Cambardella CA, Karlen DL (1999). Spatial Analysis of Soil Fertility Parameters. Precis. Agric. 1(1):5-14.
Crossref

 
 

Dudgeon GC, Bolland G (1916). Work in connection with Egyptian wheat. Tech. Sci. Serv. Bull. 7:1-9.

 
 

Graham RD (1978). Tolerance of Triticale wheat and rye to copper deficiency. Nature 271:542-544.
Crossref

 
 

Han B, Shepherd KW (1991). The correlations between LJMW glutenin subunits and gliadins and their effects on bread-making quality in the progeny of two wheats. Sci. Agric. Sin. 24(4):19-25.

 
 

Holloway RE, Graham RD, McBeath TM, Brace DM (2010). The use of a zinc-efficient wheat cultivar as an adaptation to calcareous subsoil: a glasshouse study. Plant Soil 336(1-2):15-24.
Crossref

 
 

Hotz C, Brown KH (2001). Identifying populations at risk of zinc deficiency. The use of supplementation trials. Nutr. Rev. 59(3):80-84.
Crossref

 
 

Li M, Yang XW, Tian XH, Wang SX, Chien YL (2014). Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Foliar Zinc Application at Different Growth Stages on Zinc Translocation and Utilization Efficiency in Winter Wheat. Cereal Res. Commun. 42(1):81-90.
Crossref

 
 

Loneragan JF, Snowball K, Robson AD (1980). Copper supply in relation to content and redistribution of copper among organs of the wheat plant. Ann. Bot. 45(6):621-632.
Crossref

 
 

Lu XC, Tian XH, Zhao AQ, Cui J, Yang XY (2012). Effect of Zn Supplementation on Zn Concentration of Wheat Grain and Zn Fractions in Potentially Zn-Deficient Soil. Cereal Res. Commun. 40(3):385-395.
Crossref

 
 

Ma LQ, Dong Y (2004). Effects of incubation on solubility and mobility of trace metals in two contaminated soils. Environ. Pollut. 130(3):301-307.
Crossref

 
 

Mingdeng T, Feng H, Yongming L,Yugen J, Changyin T, Na L, Zhen'gao L, Liangxing Z (2009). Effects of copper-enriched composts applied to copper-deficient soil on the yield and copper and zinc uptake of wheat. Int. J. Phytoremediat. 11(1):81-93.
Crossref

 
 

Mitchel RL (1955). Trace element chemistry of the soil. New York

 
 

Neményi M, Pecze Zs, Mesterházi PÁ, Kissné (2002). Engineering environment of the precision crop production. Hung. Agric. Eng. 15:89-91.

 
 

Owouche JO, Briggs KG, Taylor GJ, Penney DC (1994). Response of eight Canadian Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars to copper: Pollen viability, grain yield plant, and yield components. Can. J. Plant Sci. 74(1):25-30.
Crossref

 
 

Pepo P, Sarvari M (2011). Gabonanövények termesztése (Cultivation of grains). University of Debrecen University of West Hungary University of Pannonia, pp. 17-20. [in Hungarian].

 
 

Peterson CJ, Mattern P, Johnson VA (1983a). Factors affecting trace mineral levels of wheat grain. Cereal Food World 28(9):562-564.

 
 

Peterson CJ, Johnson VA, Mattern PJ (1983b). Evolution of variation in mineral element concentrations in wheat flour and bran of different cultivars. Cereal Chem. 60(6):450-455.

 
 

Peterson CJ, Johnson VA, Mattern PJ (1986). Influence of cultivar and environment on mineral and protein concentrations of wheat flour, bran, and grain. Cereal Chem. 63(3):183-186.

 
 

Russell G (1986). Fertilizers and quality of wheat and barley. Fertilizer Society, Proc. 253, Greenhill House, London.

 
 

Schmidt R, Barkóczi M, Szakál P, Horak O, Lesny J (1999). Hulladékból előállított fém-komplexek mezőgazdasági újrahasznosítása. (Agricultural reyciling of the metal complexes produced from waste) XIII. National Environment Conference Publications, pp. 206-214.

 
 

Shkolnyik NYA (1984). Trace elements in plants. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

 
 

Stoyan G, Takó G (2002). Interpolation and approximation. In. Numerical methods I. Budapest Hungary, pp. 260-266. [in Hungarian].

 
 

Szakál P, Schmidt R (1996). Effect of copper-amine-complex produced from waste on the yield and bread-making quality of wheat. 10th International Symposium of CIEC Recycling of plant nutrients from industrial processes, Braunschweig, pp. 263-271.

 
 

Tamás J (2001). Precíziós mezőgazdaság elmélete és gyakorlata (Theory and practice of precision agriculture). Hun Agricultural Expertise Publishing.

 
 

Tamás J, Németh T (2005). Agrár-környezetvédelmi indikátorok elmélete és gyakorlati alkalmazásai (Theory and practical applications of Agro-Environmental Indicators). Hun University of Debrecen.

 
 

United Nations (2011). United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division 

View (Accessed: 09.2016.)

 
 

Várallyay Gy, Szabóné Kele G, Berényi- Üveges J, Marth P, Karkalik A, Thury I (2009). Magyarország talajainak állapota (a talajvédelmi információs és monitoring rendszer (TIM) adatai alapján). Condition of Hungary's soils (based on data from the Soil Information and Monitoring System (TIM) Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agri-Environmental Budapest, 2009 [in Hungarian].

 
 

Yang XW, Tian XH, Gale WJ, Cao YX, Lu XC, Zhao AQ (2011). Effect of soil and foliar zinc application on zinc concentration and bioavailability in wheat grain grown on potentially zinc-deficient soil. Cereal Res. Commun. 39(4):535-543.
Crossref

 

 


APA Forró-Rózsa, E., Szakál, P., & Csatai, R. (2017). The qualitative and quantitative impact of copper and zinc applications on winter wheat cultivation. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(9), 351-361.
Chicago E. Forr&o-R&ozsa, P. Szak&al and R. Csatai. "The qualitative and quantitative impact of copper and zinc applications on winter wheat cultivation." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 9 (2017): 351-361.
MLA E. Forr&o-R&ozsa, P. Szak&al and R. Csatai. "The qualitative and quantitative impact of copper and zinc applications on winter wheat cultivation." African Journal of Plant Science 11.9 (2017): 351-361.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2017.1576
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/83CF4FE65856

Subscription Form