African Journal of Plant Science
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Article Number - 903B6E467121


Vol.12(1), pp. 17-23 , January 2018
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2017.1615
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

Enhancing sorghum productivity through demonstration of integrated striga management technologies and its partial budget analysis in Tanqua-Abergelle District, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia



Tsegay Gebreselassie
  • Tsegay Gebreselassie
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Abergelle Agricultural Research Center P. O. Box 44, Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Atsbha Gebreslasie
  • Atsbha Gebreslasie
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Abergelle Agricultural Research Center P. O. Box 44, Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Hintsa Meresa
  • Hintsa Meresa
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Abergelle Agricultural Research Center P. O. Box 44, Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 14 October 2017  Accepted: 23 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study investigates integrated striga management (ISM) technologies for enhancement of sorghum productivity and reduction of striga infestation using demonstration conducted in 2016/2017 production season in Tanqua-Abergele district in one of the striga prone areas at ‘Imba-Rufeal’ kebele. The results implied that there was a highly significant difference among application of ISM technologies and conventional practices for grain and straw yield. The mean sorghum grain yields obtained from ISM technologies and conventional practice were 32.86±2.96 and 25.08±5.49 qt ha-1, respectively. Conversely, the mean sorghum straw yields obtained from ISM technologies and conventional practice were 123.29±11.22 and 138.20±16.46 qt ha-1, respectively. Partial budget analysis indicated that maximum net benefit (11,468.33 ETB ha-1) with the highest marginal rate of return (136.01%) was generated from sorghum grown fields treated with ISM technologies compared to cultivation of local cultivar through conventional practices (9,207.83 ETB ha-1). That means for every 1 ETB invested on sorghum production using ISM technologies, the return was 1.36 ETB. Farmers’ perceptions also indicated that ISM technologies are quite good at solving the recurrent striga infestation, yield increment and drought escaping mechanism of improved variety (Gobiye). Unlike straw yield, the improved variety grown using the ISM technologies proved better in grain yield, earliness, striga resistance and economically feasible compared to conventional practices. Therefore, farmers should implement ISM technologies with its full packages to enhance yield and reduce scourge of striga. Moreover, further popularization and scaling out of ISM technologies to locations prone to striga infestation should be implemented by the research center and stakeholders.
 
Key words: Cultivar, demonstration, farmers’ perception, net benefit, partial budget analysis.

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APA Gebreselassie, T., Gebreslasie, A., & Meresa, H. (2018). Enhancing sorghum productivity through demonstration of integrated striga management technologies and its partial budget analysis in Tanqua-Abergelle District, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science, 12(1), 17-23.
Chicago Tsegay Gebreselassie, Atsbha Gebreslasie and Hintsa Meresa. "Enhancing sorghum productivity through demonstration of integrated striga management technologies and its partial budget analysis in Tanqua-Abergelle District, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia." African Journal of Plant Science 12, no. 1 (2018): 17-23.
MLA Tsegay Gebreselassie, Atsbha Gebreslasie and Hintsa Meresa. "Enhancing sorghum productivity through demonstration of integrated striga management technologies and its partial budget analysis in Tanqua-Abergelle District, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia." African Journal of Plant Science 12.1 (2018): 17-23.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2017.1615
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/903B6E467121

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