African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 631

Full Length Research Paper

GGE biplot analysis of genotypes by environment interaction on Sorghum bicolor L. (Moench) in Zimbabwe

Mare, M.
  • Mare, M.
  • Department of Research and Specialist Services (DRSS), Crop Breeding Institute, P. O. Box CY 550, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe.
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Manjeru, P.
  • Manjeru, P.
  • Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe.
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Ncube, B.
  • Ncube, B.
  • Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe.
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Sisito, G.
  • Sisito, G.
  • Department of Research and Specialist Services (DRSS), Matopos Research Institute, P. Bag K5137, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
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  •  Received: 28 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 21 April 2017
  •  Published: 31 July 2017

Abstract

The genotype by environment interaction (GEI) reduces the success of genotype selection and recommendations by breeders, thus slowing down the progress of plant breeding. The understanding of genotype by environment interaction (GEI) multi-locational yield trials (MLYT) enables researchers to identify locations which are efficient in distinguishing tested genotypes, which are ideal across the test-locations as well as environments which are good representatives of the target regions of interest. The main objective of the study was to assess the genotype by environment interaction on grain yield stability of promising sorghum genotypes across five diverse environments of Zimbabwe. Sorghum yield data of twenty-seven cultivars was obtained from the replicated trials. After performing a pooled analysis of variance for grain yield across five diverse environments during the 2013/14 rainy season, the GxE interaction was significant (P<0.001), and this justified need for testing for GEI components using the GGE biplot analysis to enhance the understanding the effects of components. The results revealed that three mega-environments were identifiable which are Matopos, Save-Valley and Kadoma falling in one mega-environment, then Makoholi was identified as a second mega-environment and then Gwebi was identified as the third mega-environment. Gwebi had the most discriminating ability and good representativeness whereby Save Valley had a poor discriminating ability as well as least representativeness.

Key words: Sorghum, genotype x environment interaction, GGE, adaptation and yield stability, mega-environment, discriminating ability, representativeness.