African Journal of Plant Science
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Article Number - CB5CFAF63805


Vol.11(5), pp. 123-132 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2017.1519
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

Rhizobium inoculation and sulphur fertilizer improved yield, nutrients uptake and protein quality of soybean (Glysine max L.) varieties on Nitisols of Assosa area, Western Ethiopia



Zerihun Getachew
  • Zerihun Getachew
  • Assosa Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Girma Abera
  • Girma Abera
  • School of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Sheleme Beyene
  • Sheleme Beyene
  • School of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 16 January 2017  Accepted: 02 February 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A greenhouse experiment was conducted to study the effect of inoculation of Rhizobium strain and sulphur fertilization on seed and straw yields, nutrients uptake and seedquality protein of two soybean (Glysine max L.) varieties. The experiment consisted of four levels of S (0, 20, 30 and 40 kgha-1), three Rhizobium strains (MAR-1495, SB-6-1-A2and TAL-379) and two soybean varieties (Belessa-95 and Wollo) combined factorially in complete randomized design (CRD) with three replications. Grain and straw yield and nutrients uptake increased by inoculation of Rhizobium strain whether used alone or in combination with S. Application of strain and S further increased seed and straw yield and nutrients uptake. Seed yields of Bellessa-95 inoculated with MAR-1495 at 30 and 40 kg S ha-1 were estimated to be 3864.1 and 3893.8 kg ha-1, corresponding to 112 and 114%  increase; but Wollo was with seed yields of 3633.3 and 3709.2 kg ha-1, corresponding to 160 and 166% increase, respectively over control. Estimated soil N balance was maximum for S application along with inoculation of strains, ranged from -29.25 kg ha-1 in control to 80.74 kg ha-1 for Bellessa-95 and from -21.76 kg ha-1 to 84.66 kg N ha–1 for Wollo, respectively. Efficient seed nutrients uptake due to combined application further caused significant (p<0.001) increase in protein yield of soybean. With strain MAR-1495 protein yield varied from 26% in the control to 41.5% for Belessa-95 at 30 kg S ha–1, while from 28% in the control to 44% for Wollo at 40 kg S ha–1, respectively. The results clearly suggested that balanced application of S along with Rhizobium strain can affect grain and straw yield and nutrients uptake of soybean varieties, enhance their growth and improve grain quality protein as well as benefit on soil N balance in S-deficient soils.

 

Key words: Sulphur, strain, nutrients use efficiency, quality protein, soil nitrogen balance.

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APA Getachew, Z., Abera, G., & Beyene, S. (2017). Rhizobium inoculation and sulphur fertilizer improved yield, nutrients uptake and protein quality of soybean (Glysine max L.) varieties on Nitisols of Assosa area, Western Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(5), 123-132.
Chicago Zerihun Getachew, Girma Abera and Sheleme Beyene. "Rhizobium inoculation and sulphur fertilizer improved yield, nutrients uptake and protein quality of soybean (Glysine max L.) varieties on Nitisols of Assosa area, Western Ethiopia." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 5 (2017): 123-132.
MLA Zerihun Getachew, Girma Abera and Sheleme Beyene. "Rhizobium inoculation and sulphur fertilizer improved yield, nutrients uptake and protein quality of soybean (Glysine max L.) varieties on Nitisols of Assosa area, Western Ethiopia." African Journal of Plant Science 11.5 (2017): 123-132.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2017.1519
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/CB5CFAF63805

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