African Journal of Plant Science
Subscribe to AJPS
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - D4407D563825


Vol.11(5), pp. 160-167 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2017.1525
ISSN: 1996-0824



Full Length Research Paper

Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for treating preschool children anemia in an urban setting, Douala-Cameroon



Suzanne Sandrine Beack Bayengue
  • Suzanne Sandrine Beack Bayengue
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, University of Douala, P. O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Mathieu Ndomou
  • Mathieu Ndomou
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, University of Douala, P. O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Luther Martin Koanga Mogtomo
  • Luther Martin Koanga Mogtomo
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, University of Douala, P. O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Rosalie Annie Ngono Ngane
  • Rosalie Annie Ngono Ngane
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, University of Douala, P. O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Clergé Tchiegang
  • Clergé Tchiegang
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry and Food Technology, Department of Food and Nutrition Science, National School of Agro-Industrial Sciences (ENSAI), University of Ngaoundéré, P. O. Box 455, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 31 January 2017  Accepted: 23 March 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Anemia is one of the most widespread public health problems which mainly affect preschool children. Its prevalence is 60% in Cameroon and due to poverty, many patients turn towards medicinal plants for treatment. This study was designed to compile plants used for the treatment of anemia in the Littoral Region (Douala) of Cameroon and classify them based on their use. An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in December 2015. A total of 32 herbalists and 40 mothers of children under 5 years were interviewed by means of questionnaires. Results showed that malaria (88%) was the main cause of anemia. Twenty-six plant species belonging to 17 families were identified. The most used plant was Eremomastasx speciosa. Three families stand out as the most used: Acanthaceae (11.5%), Asteraceae (11.5%) and Euphorbiaceae (11.5%).  Seventeen of them have been therapeutically described. Most of the reported species were shrubs. The most used plant parts were leaves. The herbal remedies are administrated in aqueous form and usually orally (83%) or anally. The survey provides the preliminary information on some medicinal plants having anti-anemic properties. Further investigations should be conducted so that the use of these plants can be an alternative to the population.

 
Key words:  Ethnobotanical survey, infantile anemia, medicinal plants, Douala-Cameroun.

Abdullah K, Zlotking S, Parkin P, Grenier D (2011). L'anémie ferriprive des enfants. Programme canadien de surveillance pédiatrique. 6p.

 

Adeleye A, Ezekiel AO, Smith S, Odusola O, Sobande J (2008). Antibacterial activity of extracts of Alchornea cordifolia (Schum and Thonn) Mull.Arg., Boerhavia diffusa (L) and Bridellia micranthaI (Hoscht) Baill. used in traditional medicine in Nigeria on Helicobacter pylori and four diarrhoeagenic bacterial pathogens. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7(20):3761-3764.

 
 

Agbor AM, Naidoo S (2015). Ethnomedicinal plants used by traditional healers to treat oral health problems in Cameroon. Evid. Based Complement. Alternat. Med. 2015:649832.
Crossref

 
 

Ami B, Yehuda S, Uri R, Edo S, Ron P, Shlomo A, Maya V, Yair A, Mona B (2012). Anaemia associated with acute infection in children. Isr. Med. Assoc. J. 14:484-487.

 
 

Bhushan P (2005). WHO-CIPIH study nine on traditional medicine, Draft report. pp. 5-12.

 
 

Bilanda DC, Dimo T, Mbatcham FW, Evéhé MS, Muluh J, Njifutié N (2004). Effet in vitro de de l'extrait au méthanol Bidens pilosa sur la chloroquino-résistance de Plasmodium falciparum. Pharm. Méd. Trad. Afr. 13:21-28.

 
 

Dibong SD, Mpondo ME, Ngoye A, Kwin MF (2011). Plantes médicinales utilisées par les populations Bassa de la région de Douala au Cameroun. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 5(3):1105-1117.
Crossref

 
 

EDS-MICS (2011). Note de présentation des résultats préliminaires, Institut national de la statistique, Cameroun.

 
 

El Hioui M, Aboussaleh Y, Ahami AOT, Farsi M (2009). Contribution à l'étude de la prévalence de l'anémie chez les enfants préscolaires de la région de Kénitra, Maroc. Antropo 19:1-5.

 
 

English M, Ahmed M, Ngando C, Berkley J, Ross A (2002). Blood transfusion for severe anaemia in children in a Kenyan hospital. Lancet 359:494-495.
Crossref

 
 

Kobto GK (2012). Conséquences de l'anémie maternelle sur le jeune enfant de la naissance à 18 mois de vie. Thèse en Santé publique et épidémiologie. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI. pp. 26-30.

 
 

Nayeem N, Karvekar MD (2011). Anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties of the isolated compound from the methanolic extract from the leaves of Tectona grandis. J. Basic Clin. Pharm. 2(4):163-165.

 
 

Oben EJ, Assi ES, Agbor AG, Musoro FD (2006). Effect of Eremomastax speciosa on experimantal diarrhoea. Afr. J. Tradit. Complement. Altern. Med. 3(1):95-100.

 
 

Okokon JE, Antia BS, Udoh AE, Akpan MM (2007). Antianaemic and Antimicrobial Activity of Eremomastax speciosa. J. Pharm. Toxicol. 2:196-199.
Crossref

 
 

OMS/UNICEF (2005). Focalisé sur l'anémie vers une approche intégrée pour un contrôle efficace de l'anémie. Déclaration conjointe. 2 p.

 
 

UNICEF (2014). Les enfants en Afrique : statistiques clés sur la survie, la protection et le développement de l'enfance. Brochure UNICEF, Division politique et stratégie. 8 p.

 
 

UNICEF (2015). Levels & Trends in Child Mortality. Report of a scientific group of UNICEF. 6 p.

 
 

WHO (2009). WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. Vol. 4. World Health Organization. 444 p.

 
 

WHO (2015). The global prevalence of anemia in 2011. Report of a scientific group of WHO, Geneva. 43 p.

 
 

World Meteorological Organization (2016). World Weather Information Service - Douala.

 

 


APA Bayengue, S. S. B., Ndomou, M., Mogtomo, L. M. K., Ngane, R. A. N., & Tchiegang, C. (2017). Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for treating preschool children anemia in an urban setting, Douala-Cameroon. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(5), 160-167.
Chicago Suzanne Sandrine Beack Bayengue, Mathieu Ndomou, Luther Martin Koanga Mogtomo, Rosalie Annie Ngono Ngane and Clerg&e Tchiegang. "Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for treating preschool children anemia in an urban setting, Douala-Cameroon." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 5 (2017): 160-167.
MLA Suzanne S, et al. "Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for treating preschool children anemia in an urban setting, Douala-Cameroon." African Journal of Plant Science 11.5 (2017): 160-167.
   
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2017.1525
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/D4407D563825

Subscription Form