African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Subscribe to AJPSIR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 0157F9467035


Vol.11(12), pp. 339-359 , December 2017
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJPSIR2017.1054
ISSN: 1996-0832


 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Review

Dynastic rule in Equatorial Guinea



Douglas A. Yates
  • Douglas A. Yates
  • American Graduate School Paris, 101 Boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 22 September 2017  Accepted: 25 October 2017  Published: 31 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The emergence of hereditary republican dynasties is part of a regional trend, raising concerns about the decline in democracy, government accountability, nepotism, and grand corruption. Second generation dynasts now rule in Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Gabon, and Togo. Often treated as exceptional aberrations, or theorized under other conceptual tools, this article examines Equatorial Guinea as a case study of ‘dynastic republicanism.’ After a brief theoretical discussion classifying this regime type among other forms of dynastic rule, and after making an historical comparison to Napoléon’s attempt at establishing a hereditary dynasty in the wake of the French First Republic, this article will employ qualitative biographical method to explore the Mongomo clan of Equatorial Guinea in order to show how a kin group can establish itself in absolute power in a modern republic, then corruptly promote what is otherwise anachronistic hereditary rule. The conclusion will enumerate comparative advantages of dynastic style, and make predictions concerning the future of hereditary succession in Equatorial Guinea.

 

Key words: dynastic republic, Nguema clan, petroleum.

Adams J, Phillip W (1997). The Dynasty: The Nehru-Gandhi Story. TV Books. 352p.

 

Anderson B (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London, Verso. 224p.

 
 

Attisso FS (2012). Le Togo sous la Dynastie des Gnassingbé. Paris, Harmattan.

 
 

Appiah KA, Gate HL Jr. (2010). Encyclopedia of Africa (Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 
 

Bagehot W (1867). The English Constitution. Chapman and Hall, 193, Piccadilly. Available at: 

View.

 
 

Bartrop P (2012). Macias Nguema, A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide: Portraits of Good and Evil. Santa Barbara, California, ABC-CLIO Press.

 
 

Bourdieu P (1973). Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction, In R. Brown, ed., Knowledge, Education, and Cultural Change. London, Tavistock. Available at: 

View

 
 

Castro J, María AC (2009). Fidel y Raúl, Mis Hermanos: La Historia Secreta. Madrid, Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial.

 
 

Cicero (2000). 'De Re Publica,' in Cicero XVI. Translated by C.W. Keyes, Cambridge, MA, Loeb.

 
 

Clark C (2009). Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia 1600-1947. London, Penguin.

 
 

Coleman J (1988). Social Capital and the Creation of Human Capital. Am. J. Sociol. 94: 95-121.
Crossref

 
 

Coubba A (1993). Djibouti: Une Nation en Otage. Paris, L'Harmattan.

 
 

Derichs C, Mark T, Eds. (2013). Dynasties and Female Political Leaders in Asia. Berlin, Lit Verlag.

 
 

Duindam J (2016). Dynasties: A Global History of Power, 1300-1800. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Crossref

 
 

Edgar D (2004). Globalization and Western Bias in Family Sociology. In Jacqueline Scott, Judith Treast & Martin Richards, eds. The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Families (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004).
Crossref

 
 

Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2012). Equatorial Guinea. 

View

 
 

Elias N (1985). La société de court. Paris, Flammarion Energy Information Administration (EIA), (Feb. 28, 2012) Equatorial Guinea. 

View

 
 

Fairbairn T, Charles M, Richard B, Groves S (1992). The Pacific Islands: Politics, Economics and International Relations. Honolulu, University of Hawaii.

 
 

Ghazvinian J (2007). Untapped: The Scramble for Africa's Oil. Orlando, Harcourt.

 
 

Global Witness (2009). The Secret Life of a Shopaholic: How An African Dictator's Playboy Son Went On A Multi-Million Dollar Shopping Spree in the U.S. 

View

 
 

Goodwin DK (1991). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys. New York, St. Martin's.

 
 

Herb M (2012). Monarchism Matters, POMEPS Brief, The Arab Monarchy Debate.

 
 

Hornsby C (2013). Kenya: A History Since Independence. London, I.B. Tauris.

 
 

Hugeux V (2014). Reines d'Afrique: Le Roman Vrai des Premières Dames (Paris: Perrin).

 
 

IMF (1998). Equatorial Guinea, Country Report n° 98/33, Statistical Appendix.

 
 

IMF(2009). Equatorial Guinea, Country Report n° 09/102, Article IV Consultation.

 
 

Itoh M (2003). The Hatoyama Dynasty: Japanese Political Leadership through the Generations. New York, Palgrave MacMillan.
Crossref

 
 

Jackson R, Carl R (1982). Personal Rule in Black Africa: Prince, Autocrat, Prophet, Tyrant. Berkeley, University of California.

 
 

Kelner G (2002). L'Iboga: Les Hommes du bois sacré, Documentary, France, 53 min.

 
 

Khaldun I (1967). The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Translated by Franz Rosenthal. Princeton, Princeton University Press.

 
 

Klitgaard R (1990). Tropical Gangsters: One Man's Experience with Development and Decadence in Deepest Africa. New York, Basic Books.

 
 

Kurlantzick J (2013). Democracy in Retreat: The Revolt of the Middle Class and the Worldwide Decline of Representative Government. New Haven, Yale.

 
 

Lee KY (2000). From Third World to First: The Singapore Story: 1965-2000 Singpore, Marshall Cavendish.

 
 

Liniger-Goumaz M (1989). Small Is Not Always Beautiful: The Story of Equatorial Guinea London, C. Hurst & Co.

 
 

Liniger-Goumaz M (1993). Who's Who des la Dictature de Guinee Equatoriale: Les Nguemists, 1979-1993. Geneva, Editions du Temps.

 
 

Liniger-Goumaz M (2013). Guinée Equatoriale: Un demi-siècle de terreur et de pillage. Paris, Harmattan

 
 

Le Jan R (2006). Les Mérovingiens, Que sais-je? Paris, Presse Universitaire de France.

 
 

Lowry SP (1982). Familiar Mysteries: The Truth in Myth. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

 
 

Michel A, Claire G (2013). La France a l'offensive contre les paradis fiscaux, Le Monde.

 
 

Malhotra I (2003). Dynasties of India and Beyond: Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh. New Delhi, HarperCollins.

 
 

Malinowski B (1944). A Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays. Raleigh, University of North Carolina Press.

 
 

Mann S (2011). Cry Havoc, London, John Blake Publishing Ltd.

 
 

Mansel P (2015). The Eagle in Splendour: Inside the Court of Napoleon. London, I.B. Taurus.

 
 

Martin BK (2006). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. New York, Thomas Dunne/St. Martin's Press.

 
 

McCoy A (Ed.) (2009). An Anarchy of Families: State and Family in the Philippines. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.

 
 

Michels R (1966). Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy. New York, Simon & Schuster.

 
 

Montesquieu (2008). De l'Esprit des Lois, Paris, Flammarion.

 
 

Ndoutoum-Eyi JD (2013). Démocratie Dynastique au Gabon: Anthologie d'une Preservation à Tout Prix du Pouvoir par le Clan. Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Editions Jets d'Encre.

 
 

Nfumu AN (2006). Macias, Verdugo o Victimo, 2nd ed. Paris, Lulu.

 
 

Ngolet F (2011). Crisis in the Congo: The Rise and Fall of Laurent Kabila. New York, Palgrave MacMillan.
Crossref

 
 

Nguema TO (2007). Ma Vie Pour Mon Peuple. Paris, Les Editions du Jaguar.

 
 

Phillips K (2004). American Dynasty: Aristocracy, Fortune, and the Politics of Deceit in the House of Bush. New York, Viking.

 
 

Piketty T (2014). Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Crossref

 
 

Putnam R (1995). Bowling Alone: America's Declining Social Capital. J. Democracy. 6:65-78.
Crossref

 
 

Roberts A (2006). The Wonga Coup: Guns, Thugs and a Ruthless Determination to Create Mayhem in an Oil Rich Corner of Africa. Cambridge, Mass., Public Affairs.

 
 

Seale P (1989). Asad: The Struggle for the Middle East. Berkeley: University of California Press.

 
 

Shaxson N (2008). Poisoned Wells: The Dirty Politics of African Oil. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

 
 

Sherpa (2013). Equatorial Guinea: Efforts to Seize Assets of President's Son Gain Momentum in France and US. Paris.

 
 

Silverstein K (2002). U.S. Oil Politics in the Kuwait of Africa, The Los Angeles Times.

 
 

Stendhal N (1930) Paris, Bibliothèque-Charpentier. P. 2.

 
 

Tulard J (1984) Napoleon: The Myth of the Saviour, translated by Teresa Waugh. London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

 
 

Ungar S (1989). Africa: The People and Politics of an Emerging Continent. New York, Simon & Schuster.

 
 

U.S. State Department (2001) Equatorial Guinea: Country Report on

 
 

Wallechinsky D (nd). Dictator of the Month: Teodoro Obiang Nguema of Equatorial Guinea. Available at: 

View (accessed 11 Oct 2014)

 
 

Weber M (1968). Economy and Society, eds. Geunther Roth & Claus Wittich, 2 Volumes Berkeley/Los Angeles, University of California Press.

 
 

Wenzler C (2010). Genealogy of the Kings of France and Their Wives (Rennes: Editions Ouest-France)

 
 

Wikileaks (2009). U.S. State Department, Embassy Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Raw, Paper 4: The Business of Corruption.

 
 

Wilson GH (2013). Heydar: The Rise and Fall and Rise Again of Heydar Aliyev and Azerbaijan. London, Media Prime.

 
 

Woledge S (2013). My Exile in North Korea: Daughter of African Dictator Tells of Life Growing Up in the World's Most Secretive Country, The Daily Mail. Available at: 

View

 

 


APA Yates, D. A. (2017). Dynastic rule in Equatorial Guinea. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 11(12), 339-359.
Chicago Douglas A. Yates. "Dynastic rule in Equatorial Guinea." African Journal of Political Science and International Relations 11, no. 12 (2017): 339-359.
MLA Douglas A. Yates. "Dynastic rule in Equatorial Guinea." African Journal of Political Science and International Relations 11.12 (2017): 339-359.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/AJPSIR2017.1054
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/AJPSIR/article-abstract/0157F9467035

Subscription Form