International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
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Article Number - 21D102162309


Vol.9(1), pp. 1-8 , January 2017
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0959
ISSN: 2141-243X



Full Length Research Paper

Human-wildlife conflict in Choke Mountains, Ethiopia



Bezihalem Nibret
  • Bezihalem Nibret
  • Department of Biology, Debre Markos University, P. O. Box 269, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mesele Yihune
  • Mesele Yihune
  • Department of Biology, Debre Markos University, P. O. Box 269, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Bewuketu Takele
  • Bewuketu Takele
  • Department of Biology, Debre Markos University, P. O. Box 269, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 15 February 2016  Accepted: 26 September 2016  Published: 31 January 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Human-wildlife conflict is widely known situation where people and wildlife share common resource. This study was conducted to investigate the perceived impact human-wildlife conflict (HWC) in the Choke Mountains, Ethiopia. Data were collected in 2014 and 2015 using semi-structured questionnaires and focus group discussion. Pearson correlation was used to test the relationship between different factors. Majority of respondents (56%) reported the existence of HWC manifested through both crop damage and livestock predation. Anubis baboon, bush pig and porcupine were identified as major crop raiders in the study area. The most prominent sheep predation was caused by common jackal (51.6%). The average crop loss per household per year was 1.56 ± 0.42 quintal. There was a strong negative correlation between the extent of crop damage event and distance of the study area from forest edge (r = -0.67, P < 0.05). The average sheep loss per household by the common jackal in the last five year was 2.12 ± 0.63. Fire wood collection in the study area is negatively correlated with distance from the natural forest (r =-0.58, P < 0.05). Encouraging local communities to prepare private grazing land from their own farmland and to keep intact the habitat of wildlife should be done.

 

Key words: Choke Mountain, crop raiding, forest disturbance, predation.

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APA Nibret, B., Yihune, M., & Takele, B. (2017). Human-wildlife conflict in Choke Mountains, Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 9(1), 1-8.
Chicago Bezihalem Nibret, Mesele Yihune and Bewuketu Takele. "Human-wildlife conflict in Choke Mountains, Ethiopia." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 9, no. 1 (2017): 1-8.
MLA Bezihalem Nibret, Mesele Yihune and Bewuketu Takele. "Human-wildlife conflict in Choke Mountains, Ethiopia." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 9.1 (2017): 1-8.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJBC2016.0959
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJBC/article-abstract/21D102162309

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