International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Subscribe to IJBC
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 68736EB61993


Vol.8(12), pp. 351-364 , December 2016
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1020
ISSN: 2141-243X



Full Length Research Paper

Determination of informant consensus factor and fidelity level of ethnomedicinal plants used in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia



Gebreyes Tumoro
  • Gebreyes Tumoro
  • Hadiya Zone Education Department, SNNPR, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Melesse Maryo
  • Melesse Maryo
  • Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, P.O.Box 419, Dilla University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 19 July 2016  Accepted: 15 September 2016  Published: 31 December 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


In developing countries, traditional medicines occupy a central place among rural communities since they contribute to provide health care to them. However, studies on the identification and documentation of medicinal plant (MP) species used for treatment of various ailments, plants parts used, remedies, preparation and administration of herbal drugs have been scarce, especially to determine the consensus factor among local communities and evaluate the potential for new drugs of herbal origin. This paper aims to determine informant consensus factor and fidelity level of ethnomedicinal plants used in Misha Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. A total of 200 informants were selected randomly for the study. Data were collected through semi-structured interview, focus group discussions, observation and guided field walks with informants. The secondary source data were collected from previous annual reports, documented information and relevant literatures. Data were analyzed by using suitable statistical tools such as correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U test, informant consensus factor (ICF), Fidelity Level (FL), and various ranking methods. A total of 126MP species belonging to 110 genera and 50 families were recorded. Of the total identified species, 66 were used to treat 34 human ailment, 13 MPs to treat 28 livestock ailments, and 47 MP species were common for both human and livestock treatment. Leaves forming 41% and herbs making 52% of the total identified MPs were dominantly harvested plant parts and plant growth forms, respectively. The dominant mode of remedial preparation was crushing (44%), and most MPs (61%) were administered orally. The highest ICF values were recorded for oral & pharyngeal, and respiratory (0.95 each), depicting the agreement among informants knowledge on MPs used to treat these aliments categories. Medicinal plans species such as Datura stramonium, Prunus africana, and Ruta chalepensis had the highest fidelity level (100% each) indicating the concordance of knowledge on species of best healing potential. Preference ranking indicated that Allium sativum was ranked first and found most effective MP to cure Pneumonia. Therefore, the documented MPs can be used for future pharmacological research, and awareness creation among the traditional healers and community at large becomes vital so as to preserve the indigenous knowledge associated with MP species.

 

Key words: Ethnobotany, Indigenous knowledge, Medicinal plant, Misha, Informant consensus.

Abbott R (2014). Documenting Traditional Medical Knowledge. World Intellectual Property Organization. 

View

 

Abebe D (2001). The role of Medicinal plants in health care coverage of Ethiopia, the possible benefits of integration In: Medhin Zewdu, Abebe Demissie (Eds.), Conservation and Sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ethiopia, Proceedings of National Workshop on Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ethiopia. Instsitute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research, Addis Ababa, pp. 6-21.

 
 

Abebe D, Ahadu A (1993). Medicinal plants and enigmatic health practices of northern Ethiopia, BSPE, Addis Ababa. P 341.

 
 

Abraha T, Abera B, Giday M (2013). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia, J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 9:65.
Crossref

 
 

Alemayehu K (2010). Ethnobotanical study of Medicinal Plants in Ada'aWereda, Eastern Shewa Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia. pp. 27-76.

 
 

Bayafers T (2000). A floristic analysis and ethnobotanical study of the semi-wetland of Cheffa area, South Welo, Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis. Addis Ababa University.

 
 

Cotton CM (1996). Ethnobotany: Principles and Applications. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester, England pp. 347-374.

 
 

De Pasquale A (1984). Pharmacognosy: the oldest modern science. J. Ethnopharmacol. 11:1-16
Crossref

 
 

Edwards S (2001). The ecology and conservation status of medicinal plants on Ethiopia.What do we know? In: Zewdu, M. and Demissie, A. (eds.) Conservation and Sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ethiopia, Proceedings of National Workshop on Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ethiopia, Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research, Addis Ababapp. 46-55.

 
 

Edwards S (2010). Ethiopian Environment Review No. 1. Forum for Environment: Addis Ababa.

 
 

Endale A (2007). Use and management of medicinal plants by indigenous people of Ejaji area (Chelya Woreda) West Shewa, Ethiopia. An Ethnobotanical Approach. M.Sc. Thesis. Addis Ababa University, pp. 19-24.

 
 

Ermias L, Ensermu K, Tamirat B (2008). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu District, South Eastern Ethiopia. pp. 4-10

 
 

Ermias L, Zemede A, Ensermu K, Patrick VD (2013). Ethnomedicinal study of plants used for human ailments in Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia pp. 4-11.

 
 

Etana T (2007).Use and conservation of traditional medicinal plants by indigenous people in Gimbi woreda, western Wellega, Ethiopia. A thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies Addis Ababa University, unpublished.

 
 

Friedman J, Zohara Y, Amotz D, Palewitch D (1986). A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev Desert, Israel. J. Ethnopharmacol. 16:275-278.
Crossref

 
 

Friis I Sebsebe D, Van B (2011). Atlas of the potential vegetation of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa University press and Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia pp. 369-382.

 
 

Gidey M (1999). An Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay People in Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis. Uppsala, Sweden. CBM:s Skriftserie 3:86-89.

 
 

Gidey M (2001). An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used by Zay people in Ethiopia. CBM: Skriftserie 3:81-99.

 
 

Gidey M (2010). Assessment of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Endrta District, South- Eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Afr. J. Plant Sci. 4:255-260.

 
 

Gidey Y, Mekonen T, Mezgebe K (2011). Survey of medicinal plants used to treat human ailments in Hawzen district, Northern Ethiopia. Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv. 3(13):710-713.

 
 

Habtamu A, Mulatu O, Tsdeke L (2014). Traditional medicinal plants utilization, management andthreats in Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 2(2):94-108

 
 

Heinrich M, Ankli A, Fre B, Weimann C, Sticher O (1998). Medicinal plants in Mexico:Healers consensus and cultural importance. Social Sci. Med. 47:1859-1871.
Crossref

 
 

Kalayu M, Gebru T, Teklemichael T (2013). Ethnobotanical Study of Traditional Medicinal Plants Used by Indigenous People of Gemad District, Northern Ethiopia, J. Med. Plants Stud. 1(4):38-42.

 
 

Kelbessa E, Demissew S, Zerihun W, Edwards S (1992). Some threatened endemic plants of Ethiopia. NAPRECA Monograph 2:35-55.

 
 

Kebu B, Ensermu K, Zemede A (2004). Indigenous medicinal plant utilization, management and threats in Fentalle area, Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Biol. Sci. 3(1):37-58.

 
 

Martin GJ (1995). Ethnobotany: A Method Manual. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 270- 327.
Crossref

 
 

Maryo M, Nemomissa S, Bekele T (2015). An ethnobotanical study of Medicinal plants of the Kembatta ethnic group in Enset-based agricultural landscape of Kembatta Tembaro (KT) Zone, Southern Ethiopia: Asian J. Plant Sci. Res. 5(7):42-61

 
 

Megersa M, Asfaw Z, Kelbessa E, Beyene A (2013). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 6:68.
Crossref

 
 

Mequanente S (2009). Ethiopian Herbal Medicine Practice and the Recognition with Modern Medicine. Phcog Rev. 3(5):44-47.

 
 

Megersa M, Zemede A, Ensermu K, Abebe, B, Bizuneh W (2013). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 6:68.
Crossref

 
 

Mohammed A, Berhanu A (2011). Ethnobotanical Survey of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Tehuledere District, South Wollo, Ethiopia. J. Med. Plants Res. 5(26):6233-6242.

 
 

Mohammed A, Seyoum G. (2013). Medicinal Plants Biodiversity and Local Healthcare Management System in Chencha District; Gamo Gofa, Ethiopia. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 2(1):290-291.

 
 

Misha Woreda Agriculture and Rural Development Office (MWAO) (2014). Socioeconomic Information of Misha Woreda Agriculture and Rural Development. Unpublished data

 
 

Samuel Z, Gidey Y (2011). Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Gindeberet district, Western Ethiopia, South Afr. J. Bot. 78:165-169.

 
 

Tamene S (2011). An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Wondo Genet Natural forest and Adjacent Kebles,Sidama Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia. pp. 26-62.

 
 

Tesema T, Miruts G, Nugusu A, Teshome H (2002). Stock taking and Information on the Medicinal Plants of Ethiopia. In: National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan Project Medicinal Plant Team, IBDA, Addis Ababa.

 
 

Tesfaye H, Sebsebe D, Zemede A (2009). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 5:26.
Crossref

 
 

World Health Organization/WHO (2011). The world medicines situation, traditional medicines, 3rd Edition: Global situation, issues and challenges.

 
 

Yineger H, Yewhalaw D, Teketay D (2008). Ethnomedicinal plant knowledge and practice of the Oromo ethnic group in southwestern Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 4(11):1-10.
Crossref

 
 

Worede M (2002). Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia. Plant Genetic Resources Centre/Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

 


APA Tumoro, G., & Maryo, M. (2016). Determination of informant consensus factor and fidelity level of ethnomedicinal plants used in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 8(12), 351-364.
Chicago Gebreyes Tumoro and Melesse Maryo. "Determination of informant consensus factor and fidelity level of ethnomedicinal plants used in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 8, no. 12 (2016): 351-364.
MLA Gebreyes Tumoro and Melesse Maryo. "Determination of informant consensus factor and fidelity level of ethnomedicinal plants used in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 8.12 (2016): 351-364.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJBC2016.1020
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJBC/article-abstract/68736EB61993

Subscription Form