Full Length Research Paper
Shams Muhammad Galib*, S. M. Abu Naser, A. B. M. Mohsin, Nipa Chaki and Foyzul Hassan Fahad
Aquatic Biodiversity Laboratory, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Rajshahi, Rajshah-6205, Bangladesh.
River Choto Jamuna is an important and well-known river in north-west Bangladesh in terms of fish production and source of income for many fishermen living beside where this study has been conducted from January to December, 2012. This study revealed the existing fish species and their composition along with diversity, richness and evenness indices. A total of 63 species of fishes have been recorded belonging to 41 genera, 23 families and 9 orders. Cypriniformes was recorded as the most diversified fish group in terms of both number of species and individuals observed. Of all the fishes found, 41.27% species were threatened in Bangladesh including 15.87% vulnerable, 15.87% endangered and 9.52% critically endangered species. Overall values of diversity, richness and evenness indices were found to be 3.717, 6.954 and 0.897, respectively. Finally, considering all the findings, the establishment of fish sanctuaries to conserve available fish species, both threatened and non-threatened, naturally is recommended.
Key words: Fish diversity, Choto Jamuna, biodiversity, Shannon-weaver diversity, Margalef’s richness, Pielou’s evenness, Bangladesh.
|Ahmed KKU, Hasan RR, Ahamed SU, Ahmed T, Mustafa G (2004). Ecology of Shakla beel (Brahmanbaria), Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Fish. Res. 8(2):101-111.|
|Beals M, Gross L, Harrell S (2000). Diversity Indices: Shannon's H and E. http://www.tiem.utk.edu/~gross/bioed/bealsmodules/shannonDI. Accessed on January 10, 2013.|
|Bhuiyan AL (1964). Fishes of Dacca, Asiat. Soc. Pakistan, Pub. 1, No. 13, Dacca (Dhaka), Bangladesh, p.148.|
|Bhuiyan SS, Joadder MAR, Bhuiyan AS (2008). Occurrence of fishes and non-fin fishes of the River Padma near Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Univ. J. Zool. Rajshahi Univ. 27:99-100.|
|Galib SM, Mohsin ABM (2011). Cultured and Ornamental Exotic Fishes of Bangladesh. Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, p.176.|
|Galib SM, Samad MA, Hossain MA, Mohsin ABM, Haque SMM (2010). Small Indigenous Species of Fishes (SISF) in Chalan Beel with Reference to their Harvesting and Marketing. Bangladesh J. Prog. Sci. Tech. 8(2):251-254.|
|Galib SM, Samad MA, Mohsin ABM, Flowra FA, Alam MT (2009). Present Status of Fishes in the Chalan Beel- the Largest Beel (Wetland) of Bangladesh. Int. J. Ani. Fish. Sci. 2(3):214-218.|
|Goswami UC, Basistha SK, Bora D, Shyamkumar K, Saikia B, Changsan K (2012). Fish diversity of North East India, inclusive of the Himalayan and Indo Burma biodiversity hotspots zones: A checklist on their taxonomic status, economic importance, geographical distribution, present status and prevailing threats. Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv. 4(15):592-613. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC11.228.|
Hossain MAR, Nahiduzzaman M, Sayeed MA, Azim ME, Wahab MA, Olin PG (2009). The Chalan beel in Bangladesh: Habitat and biodiversity degradation, and implications for future management. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management 14:3-19. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1770.2009.00387.x
Hossain MS, Das NG, Sarker S, Rahaman MZ (2012a). Fish diversity and habitat relationship with environmental variables at Meghna river estuary, Bangladesh. Egyp. J. Aquatic Res. 38:213-226. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2012.12.006
Hossain MY, Rahman MM, Fulanda B, Jewel MAS, Ahamed F, Ohtomi J (2012b). Length-weight and length-length relationships of the five threatened fishes from the Jamuna (Brahmaputra River distributary) River, Northern Bangladesh. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28(2):275-277.
|Imteazzaman AM, Galib SM (2013). Fish Fauna of Halti Beel, Bangladesh. Inter. J. Curr. Res. 5(1):287-290.|
|Innocent BX, Karuthapandi M, Fathima MSA (2012). Fish Faunal Diversity of Suthamalli Pond, Tirunelveli District, Tamilnadu. Int. J. Adv. Lif. Sci. 1:73-79.|
|IUCN Bangladesh (2000). Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh, IUCN- The world conservation union. pp.12-116.|
|Lakra WS (2010). Fish Biodiversity of Uttar Pradesh: Issues of Livelihood Security, Threats and Conservation. National Conference on Biodiversity, Development and Poverty Alleviation. Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, India. pp. 40-45.|
|Margalef R (1968). Perspectives in Ecological Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.|
Meyer L, Hinrichs D (2000). Microhabitat preferences and movements of the weatherfish, Misgurnus fossilis, in a drainage channel. Environ. Biol. Fish. 58:297–306.
|Mohsin ABM, Haque ME (2009). Diversity of Fishes of Mahananda River at Chapai Nawabganj District. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 4(7):828-831.|
|Mohsin ABM, Hasan MM, Galib SM (2009). Fish Diversity of Community Based Fisheries Managed Oxbow Lake (Bookbhara Baor) in Jessore, Bangladesh. J. Sci. Foundation 7(1):121-125.|
|Mukherjee M, Praharaj A, Das S (2002). Conservation of endangered fish stocks through artificial propagation and larval rearing technique in West Bengal, India. Aquaculture Asia 7(2):8-11.|
|Nath B, Deca C (2012). A Study on Fish Diversity, Conservation Status and Anthropogenic Stress of Chandubi Tectonic Lake, Assam, India. J. Bio. Innov. 1(6):148-155.|
|Nelson JS (2006). Fishes of the World, fourth edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p.601.|
|Nunoo J, Agbo N, Ackah M (2012). Fish fauna of the Owabi Dam Reservoir in Ghana. Proceedings of the Inter. Acad. Ecol. Environ. Sci. 2(1):21-26.|
|Nyanti L, Nur 'Asikin R, Ling TY, Jongkar G (2012). Fish Diversity and Water Quality during Flood Migration Works at Semariang Mangrove Area, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana, 41(12):1517-1525.|
Önsoy B, Filiz H, Tarkan AS, Bilge G, Tarkan AN (2011). Occurrence of Non-Native Fishes in a Small Man-Made Lake (Lake Ula, Muğla): Past, Present, Future Perspectives. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 11: 209-215. DOI: 10.4194/trjfas.2011.0205.
Penczak T, Agostinho AA, Okada EK (1994). Fish Diversity and Community Structure in Two Small Tributaries of the Parana River, Parana State, Brazil. Hydrobiologia 294:243-251.
Pielou EC (1966). Species diversity and pattern diversity in the study of ecological succession. J. Theoret. Biol. 13:131-144.
Raghavan R, Prasad G, Ali PHA, Pereira B (2008). Fish fauna of Chalakudy River, part of Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, Kerala, India: patterns of distribution, threats and conservation needs. Biodivers. Conserv. 17:3119–3131. DOI 10.1007/s10531-007-9293-0
|Rahman AKA (1989). Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, first edition, Zoological Society of Bangladesh, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p.364.|
|Rahman AKA (2005). Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, second edition. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p. 263.|
|Rahman AKA (2007). Exotic fishes and their impact on environment. 16th Annual General Meeting and National Conference 2007, Zoological Society of Bangladesh, 30 March, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp.26-39.|
|Rahman MM, Hossain MY, Ahamed F, Fatematuzzhura Subba BR, Abdallah EM, Ohtomi J (2012). Biodiversity in the Padma Distributary of the Ganges River, Northwestern Bangladesh: Recommendations for Conservation. World J. Zool. 7(4): 328-337.|
Rixon CAM, Duggan IC, Bergeron NMN, Ricciardi A, Macisaac H (2005). Invasion risks posed by the aquarium trade and live fish markets on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Biodivers. Conserv. 14:1365–1381. DOI 10.1007/s10531-004-9663-9
|Saha BK, Hossain MA (2002). Saldu Beel fishery of Tangail. Bang. J. Zool. 30(2):187-194.|
Shahjahan M, Miah MI, Haque MM (2001). Present Status of Fisheries in Jamuna River. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 4(9):1173-1176.
|Shannon CE, Weaver W (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.|
|Shinde SE, Pathan TS, Bhandare RY, Sonawane SL (2009a). Ichthyofaunal Diversity of Harsool Savangi Dam, District Aurangabad, (M.S.) India. World J. Fish Marine Sci. 1(3):141-143.|
|Shinde SE, Pathan TS, Raut KS, Bhandare RY, Sonawane SI (2009b). Fish Biodiversity of Pravara River at Pravara Sangam District Ahmednagar, (M.S.) India. World J. Zool. 4(3):176-179.|
|Talwar PK, Jhingran AG (1991). Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries, Vol. 1 and 2, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi-Calcutta, p.1158.|
|Yisa TA, Adeyemi RA, Ibrahim I (2011). Evaluation of Diversity Index of Fish Fauna in a Lowland Rice Field in Southern Guinea Savannah of Northern Nigeria. I.J.S.N. 2(4):809-812.|
|Zafar MS, Amin MN, Iqbal MJ (2007). Biodiversity of fisheries organisms in the Pagla river of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Fish. (Special Issue) 30:165-175.|
|APA||(2013). Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation needs. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 5(6), 389-395.|
|Chicago||Shams Muhammad Galib, S. M. Abu Naser, A. B. M. Mohsin, Nipa Chaki and Foyzul Hassan Fahad. "Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation needs." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5, no. 6 (2013): 389-395.|
|MLA||Shams Muhammad Galib, et al. "Fish diversity of the River Choto Jamuna, Bangladesh: Present status and conservation needs." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 5.6 (2013): 389-395.|