International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
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Article Number - B31F0A662715


Vol.9(2), pp. 27-44 , February 2017
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0999
ISSN: 2141-243X



Full Length Research Paper

Diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungal fruit bodies in Comoé National Park, a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage in Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)



Linda Patricia Louyounan Vanie-Léabo
  • Linda Patricia Louyounan Vanie-Léabo
  • WASCAL Graduate Study Program (GSP) Climate Change and Biodiversity, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, B.P. 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Nourou Soulemane Yorou
  • Nourou Soulemane Yorou
  • Faculty of Agronomy, University of Parakou, BP 123 Parakou, Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
N´Golo Abdoulaye Kone
  • N´Golo Abdoulaye Kone
  • Station de Recherche en Ecologie du Parc National de la Comoé, U.F.R. des Sciences de la Nature, Université Nangui Abrogoua, 28 BP 847 Abidjan 28, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Francois N’Guessan Kouame
  • Francois N’Guessan Kouame
  • WASCAL Graduate Study Program (GSP) Climate Change and Biodiversity, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, B.P. 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Andre De Kesel
  • Andre De Kesel
  • Botanic Garden Meise, Nieuwelaan 38, B-1860 Meise, Belgium.
  • Google Scholar
Daouda Kone
  • Daouda Kone
  • WASCAL Graduate Study Program (GSP) Climate Change and Biodiversity, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, B.P. 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 01 June 2016  Accepted: 21 December 2016  Published: 28 February 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The key role of ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungi in ecosystems functioning has been demonstrated worldwide. However, their diversity, spatial distribution, fruiting phenology and production as influenced by climatic parameters variability remain poorly understood in tropical African forests. Weekly surveys were conducted from April to early October 2014 at the Comoé National Park (CNP), Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa) in 09 permanent plots established in Isoberlinia doka (IW), Uapaca togoensis (UW) and Mixed (MW) woodlands. Non metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) of EcM fungi abundance was run to assess the influence of environment tal parameters on fungi distribution using the package VEGAN. Hierarchical clustering based on dissimilarity and indicator species analysis were run to characterize fungi communities. Analyses were computed with the statistical program R. A total of 123 EcM fungi species belonging to 23 genera and 09 families were collected at CNP. Simpson diversity (1-D) and evenness were 0.97 and 0.54, 0.97 and 0.61, 0.96 and 0.52 for IW, MW and UW respectively. Yet, weekly-based species accumulation curves did not reach an asymptote. Stem density of U. togoensis Pax (UTDen) and I. doka Craib & Stapf were the most important tree parameters influencing EcM fungi distribution (respectively r2 = 0.92 / p-value = 0.002 and r2 = 0.83 / p-value = 0.018). Two sites groups were distinguished and four indicators species were identified.

 

Key words: EcM fungi, fruit bodies, diversity, indicator species.

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APA Vanié-Léabo, L. P. L., Yorou, N. S., Koné, N. A., Kouamé, F. N., De Kesel, A., & Koné, D. (2017). Diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungal fruit bodies in Comoé National Park, a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage in Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 9(2), 27-44.
Chicago Linda Patricia Louyounan Vani&e L&eabo, Nourou Soulemane Yorou, N&Golo Abdoulaye Kon&e, François N’Guessan Kouam&e, Andr&e De Kesel and Daouda Kon&e,. "Diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungal fruit bodies in Comoé National Park, a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage in Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 9, no. 2 (2017): 27-44.
MLA Linda Patricia Louyounan Vanieacute; Leacute;abo, et al. "Diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungal fruit bodies in Comoé National Park, a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage in Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa)." International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 9.2 (2017): 27-44.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJBC2016.0999
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJBC/article-abstract/B31F0A662715

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