International Journal of
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2154
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBMBR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 97

Full Length Research Paper

Genotype by environment interactions and grain yield stability of released and advanced Desi type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes in western Ethiopia

Biru Alemu
  • Biru Alemu
  • Haro Sabu Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 010, Haro Sabu, Ethiopia.
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Kassahun Tesfaye
  • Kassahun Tesfaye
  • Ethiopian Institute of Biotechnology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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Teklehaimanot Haileselassie
  • Teklehaimanot Haileselassie
  • Institute of Biotechnology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
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Dagnachew Lule
  • Dagnachew Lule
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 01 August 2017
  •  Accepted: 14 October 2017
  •  Published: 31 October 2017

Abstract

Genotype by environment interaction (G×E) obstructs breeding by persuading variations in genotype performance in different environments and thereby complicating selection. The aim of the present study was to determine the stability and yield performance of desi type chickpea varieties and advanced lines at multiple growing environments of western Ethiopia, using genotype-by-environment interaction (GGE) biplot analysis and AMMI model to find stable high yielding cultivar(s) and ratify for wider production. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replicates. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated highly significant differences (P≤0.01) for environments, genotypes and importantly genotype by environment interaction (G×E). Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions (AMMI) and GGE biplot, AMMI Stability Value (ASV) and Genotype Selection Index (GSI) indices indicate that Natoli (G8) variety and DZ-2012-CK-20113-2-0042 (G16) advanced lines showed better grain yield with better stability across environments and thus are recommended for wider production in test locations and similarly agro-ecologies in Ethiopia.

Key words: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), genotype-by-environment interaction (GGE) biplot, Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions (AMMI), AMMI stability value (ASV), genotype selection index (GSI), stability.