International Journal of
Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2154
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBMBR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 97

Full Length Research Paper

Efficient somatic embryogenesis of Jatropha curcas L. from petiole and leaf discs

Cecilia Mbithe Mweu
  • Cecilia Mbithe Mweu
  • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture Technology, P. O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Aggrey Nyende
  • Aggrey Nyende
  • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture Technology, P. O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Justus Onguso
  • Justus Onguso
  • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture Technology, P. O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 21 August 2012
  •  Accepted: 19 September 2016
  •  Published: 30 September 2016

Abstract

Jatropha curcas L. is peculiar treasured tree species for its uses and considerable economic potential as a biofuel plant. Propagation using seeds is limited by low viability and germination hence unable to provide high quality planting material for sustainable use. To achieve mass production of J. curcas, regeneration from leaf discs and petioles using different treatments of plant growth regulators (PGRs) including 6- benzyl aminopurine (BAP), Kinetin (KIN), Indole -3-acetic acid (IAA) and Thiadiazuron (TDZ) was explored. Maximum callus formation efficiency (85.00%) and the shoot proliferation per explants (8.25) was observed on MS medium supplemented with 1.5 mg/L BAP, 0.6 mg/L KIN, 0.3 mg/L IAA and 0.1 mg/L TDZ. Rooting was induced from elongated shoots cultured on half strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium fortified with different regimes of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). MS supplemented with 3.5 mg/L IBA and 3.5 mg/L NAA gave optimum root formation of 2.5 cm on JCO4, JN1, JE4 and JRV1 accessions. The rooted plants were established in forest soil, sand and manure mixed in the ratio of 2: 1:1 in the green house with 20% survival rate. This successful in vitro regeneration is vital for seedling system for mass production.

Key words: Plant growth regulators, callus, shoot induction, root formation.