International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 190

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of zootechnical and reproductive parameters of wild populations of Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell, 1852 of Southern Benin raised in captivity

T. Olivier Amoussou*
  • T. Olivier Amoussou*
  • Research Unit in Aquaculture and Aquatic Biodiversity, Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
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Aboubacar Toguyeni
  • Aboubacar Toguyeni
  • Research Unit in Aquaculture and Aquatic Biodiversity, Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
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I. Imorou Toko
  • I. Imorou Toko
  • Research Unit in Aquaculture and Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin.
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Antoine Chikou
  • Antoine Chikou
  • Laboratory of Hydrobiology and Aquaculture, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
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Mivice Bravo
  • Mivice Bravo
  • Laboratory of Animal Sciences and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
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Issaka Y. Abdou Karim
  • Issaka Y. Abdou Karim
  • Laboratory of Animal Sciences and Meat Technologies, Department of Animal Health and Production, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
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  •  Received: 31 October 2016
  •  Accepted: 19 January 2017
  •  Published: 31 January 2017

Abstract

Tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron is naturally adapted to both fresh and brackish environments. In order to improve its farming potential, this study evaluated the growth, survival and reproductive parameters of individuals from three lakes of southern Benin according to their sex and age at experimental fishing. During fry rearing and breeding, fish were fed with commercial feed granulated. The chlorophyll a concentration and the abundance of plankton were determined by molecular absorption spectrometry and under a light microscope respectively. Physico-chemical parameters were within acceptable limits for good survival and growth of S. melanotheron. Together with chlorophyll a, three phytoplankton species and five zooplankton species were also available in the rearing tanks. At the end of the experiment (90 days post nursery), most of the growth parameters did not vary significantly according to the waterway of origin and the sex. However, the age at experimental fishing influenced significantly most of the growth parameters. The individuals from Lake Nokoué and Lake Toho were characterized by higher body weight, total length, standard length, weight gain, average weight gain, daily weight gain, nutritive quotient, survival rate, net biomass, biomass per square meter while Grand-Popo Lagoon individuals were characterized by higher ccondition factor and a weak ponderal and linear specific growth rates. Overall, reproductive parameters were higher in females than males. The majority of males were with empty testicles, while females with ova were expelled by manual pressure. S. melanotheron individuals from the considered lakes can be recommended for selective breeding program in fresh and brackish waters.

Key words: Benin, Sarotherodon melanotheron, aquaculture, captivity, growth, reproductive parameters.