International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
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Article Number - 62CEBB648375


Vol.6(10), pp. 108-123 , October 2014
DOI: 10.5897/IJFA14.0415
ISSN: 2006-9839



Full Length Research Paper

Genetic relationships between captive and wild subpopulations of Arapaima gigas (Schinz, in Cuvier, 1822)



Carlos Henrique dos Anjos dos Santos
  • Carlos Henrique dos Anjos dos Santos
  • Universidade Nilton Lins (UNINILTONLINS), Laboratrio de Gentica Aplicada Aquicultura and Biologia Molecular, Avenida Professor Nilton Lins, Flores, 69058-030, Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Carolina Sousa de S Leito
  • Carolina Sousa de S Leito
  • Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaznia (INPA), Laboratrio de Ecofisiologia e Evoluo Molecular (LEEM), Avenida Andr Arajo, 2936, Aleixo, 69060-001, Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil
  • Google Scholar
Maria de Nazar Paula e Silva
  • Maria de Nazar Paula e Silva
  • Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaznia (INPA), Laboratrio de Ecofisiologia e Evoluo Molecular (LEEM), Avenida Andr Arajo, 2936, Aleixo, 69060-001, Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil
  • Google Scholar
Vera Maria Fonseca de Almeida e Val
  • Vera Maria Fonseca de Almeida e Val
  • Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaznia (INPA), Laboratrio de Ecofisiologia e Evoluo Molecular (LEEM), Avenida Andr Arajo, 2936, Aleixo, 69060-001, Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 February 2014  Accepted: 10 September 2014  Published: 29 October 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Arapaima gigas, also known as pirarucu, is endemic to the Amazon basin. There is currently considerable effort being made to cultivate this species to reduce pressure on natural populations. We characterized the diversity and genetic structure of subpopulations of wild and captive A. gigas based on 19 microsatellite loci. Captive subpopulations of A. gigas exhibited less diversity than wild individuals. We also verified the existence of outlier loci under selective pressure in both subpopulations, indicating the occurrence of local adaptation in some individuals of A. gigas. Furthermore, we identified a high-level genetic structure among the subpopulations, with no mixing between subpopulations. The lack of mixing between populations, the local adaptation, and the genetic structure indicate that these subpopulations should be managed and isolated to prevent captive individuals from escaping into the wild, which would reduce the diversity of the wild subpopulations. We suggest a program for the genetic management of captive subpopulations to avoid the random loss of genetic variability and the selection of characteristics that are undesirable for commercial and conservation purposes.

 

Key words: Allelic diversity, osteoglossidae, conservation and management, heterezygosity, osteoglossiformes.

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APA Henrique dos Anjos dos Santos, C., Sousa de Sá Leitão, C., Maria de Nazaré P.S., & Fonseca de Almeida e Val, V.M. (2014). Genetic relationships between captive and wild subpopulations of Arapaima gigas (Schinz, in Cuvier, 1822). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 6(10), 108-123.
Chicago Carlos Henrique dos Anjos dos Santos, Carolina Sousa de S&a Leitão, Maria de Nazar&e Paula e Silva and Vera Maria Fonseca de Almeida e Val,. "Genetic relationships between captive and wild subpopulations of Arapaima gigas (Schinz, in Cuvier, 1822)." International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture 6, no. 10 (2014): 108-123.
MLA Carlos Henrique dos Anjos dos Santos, et al. "Genetic relationships between captive and wild subpopulations of Arapaima gigas (Schinz, in Cuvier, 1822)." International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture 6.10 (2014): 108-123.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJFA14.0415
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJFA/article-abstract/62CEBB648375

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