International Journal of Livestock Production
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Article Number - 10C88D063921


Vol.8(5), pp. 57-66 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/IJLP2016.0352
ISSN: 2141-2448



Review

History, status and use of equines in the West African Republic of Gambia



R. Trevor Wilson
  • R. Trevor Wilson
  • Bartridge Partners, Bartridge House, Umberleigh, EX37 9AS, UK.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 November 2016  Accepted: 10 April 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland and is one of the poorest. Agriculture contributes about 23.6% of the national Gross Domestic Product, mainly from crop production.  Cattle are the most important livestock species and oxen originally provided most of the draught power. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, horses were traded by the Portuguese with local inhabitants for slaves and then used by the latter as cavalry in local wars. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, equines were of little importance. From the mid twentieth century, however, both horses and donkeys rapidly increased in numbers and became the main providers of animal traction for agricultural work and general transport. Trypanosomosis is the main disease but other diseases also constrain the output of equines. Management of the equine resource is poor in terms of nutrition, health and housing. Poor welfare is also a major problem but there are some attempts by a local charity to improve this through provision of basic services and training of farmers and veterinary personnel.

 

Key words: War horses, animal traction, donkey, horse, trypanosomosis.

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APA Wilson, R. T. (2017). History, status and use of equines in the West African Republic of Gambia. International Journal of Livestock Production, 8(5), 57-66.
Chicago R. Trevor Wilson. "History, status and use of equines in the West African Republic of Gambia." International Journal of Livestock Production 8, no. 5 (2017): 57-66.
MLA R. Trevor Wilson. "History, status and use of equines in the West African Republic of Gambia." International Journal of Livestock Production 8.5 (2017): 57-66.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJLP2016.0352
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJLP/article-abstract/10C88D063921

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