International Journal of Livestock Production
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Article Number - 17AD5A71461


Vol.1(1), pp. 006-011 , August 2009

ISSN: 2141-2448



Full Length Research Paper

Effects of malate level and cassava hay in high-quality feed block on rumen ecology and digestibility of nutrients in lactating dairy cows raised under tropical condition


Sittisak Khampa




Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Rajabhat Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, P.O. Box 44000, Thailand.


Email: sittisak_k2003@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 22 June 2009  Published: 30 August 2009

Copyright © 2009 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Four, lactating dairy cows were randomly assigned according to a 2 x 2 Factorial arrangement in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to study supplementation of malate two levels as 500 and 1,000 g and cassava hay in high-quality feed block. The treatments were as follows T1 (supplementation of high-quality feed block without cassava hay + malate at 500 g); T2 (supplementation of high-quality feed block without cassava hay + malate at 1,000 g); T3 (supplementation of high-quality feed block with cassava hay + malate at 500 g); and T4 (supplementation of high-quality feed block with cassava hay + malate at 1,000 g), respectively. The cows were offered the treatment concentrate at a ratio to milk yield at 1:2 and ruzi grass was fed ad libitum. The results have revealed that rumen fermentation and blood metabolites were similar for all treatments. The populations of protozoa and fungal zoospores were significantly different as affected by malate level and cassava hay supplementation. In conclusion, the combined use of cassava hay and malate at 1,000 g in high-quality feed block with concentrates containing high levels of cassava chip at 65% DM could highest improved rumen ecology and nutrients digestibility in lactating cows.

 

Key words: Malate, cassava hay, high-quality feed block, rumen ecology, lactating cows.


APA (2009). Effects of malate level and cassava hay in high-quality feed block on rumen ecology and digestibility of nutrients in lactating dairy cows raised under tropical condition. International Journal of Livestock Production, 1(1), 006-011.
Chicago Sittisak Khampa. "Effects of malate level and cassava hay in high-quality feed block on rumen ecology and digestibility of nutrients in lactating dairy cows raised under tropical condition." International Journal of Livestock Production 1, no. 1 (2009): 006-011.
MLA Sittisak Khampa. "Effects of malate level and cassava hay in high-quality feed block on rumen ecology and digestibility of nutrients in lactating dairy cows raised under tropical condition." International Journal of Livestock Production 1.1 (2009): 006-011.
   
DOI
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJLP/article-abstract/17AD5A71461

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