International Journal of Livestock Production
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Article Number - 26A453765761


Vol.8(9), pp. 136-144 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/IJLP2016.0307
ISSN: 2141-2448



Full Length Research Paper

Methionine fortified blood meal can replace fish meal in broiler diets



Ebuo Cecilia Ewa
  • Ebuo Cecilia Ewa
  • Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology, College of Animal Science and Animal Production, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
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Emmanuel Abekam Agiang
  • Emmanuel Abekam Agiang
  • Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
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Essien Ekpenyong Nsa
  • Essien Ekpenyong Nsa
  • Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
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Ideba Ekpolo Ele
  • Ideba Ekpolo Ele
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
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Pascal Ogar Ozung
  • Pascal Ogar Ozung
  • Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
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Godwin Pius Ekot
  • Godwin Pius Ekot
  • Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
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 Received: 07 May 2016  Accepted: 03 January 2017  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study was conducted to evaluate the growth performance, dressing percent and carcass composition, organ weights and cost-return analysis of broiler chickens fed methionine-fortified blood meal as replacement for fish meal. Two hundred and ten day-old hybro broiler chicks were allotted to 21 floor pens with 10 birds per pen. Seven experimental diets were formulated for starter and finisher phases respectively.  Diets 1 (positive control) and 2 (negative control) contained 3% fish meal and 3% blood meal respectively. Diets 3 to 7 contained 3% blood meal each with 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5% methionine fortifications, respectively. Each diet was fed as mash to birds in 3 pens in completely randomized design. Results of growth performance showed no significant (p>0.05) differences in average daily feed intake, average daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio but mortality revealed significant (p<0.05) difference. Final body weight and dressing percentage were not affected by the treatment (p>0.05). Significant (p<0.05) differences were observed in the moisture, crude protein, ether extract, ash and nitrogen free extract contents for breast and thigh muscles. Cost-return analysis revealed significant (p<0.05) differences in total variable cost, total revenue, gross margin and returns on investment. In conclusion, 3% blood meal with up to 0.5% methionine fortification can favourably replace 3% fish meal as an animal protein source for broilers.

 

Key words: Methionine-fortified blood meal, fish meal, growth performance, carcass characteristics, broilers.

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APA Ewa, E. C., Agiang, E. A., Nsa, E. E., Ele, I. E., Ozung, P. O., & Ekot, G. P. (2017). Methionine fortified blood meal can replace fish meal in broiler diets. International Journal of Livestock Production, 8(9), 136-144.
Chicago Ebuo Cecilia Ewa, Emmanuel Abekam Agiang, Essien Ekpenyong Nsa, Ideba Ekpolo Ele, Pascal Ogar Ozung and Godwin Pius Ekot. "Methionine fortified blood meal can replace fish meal in broiler diets." International Journal of Livestock Production 8, no. 9 (2017): 136-144.
MLA Ebuo Cecilia Ewa, et al. "Methionine fortified blood meal can replace fish meal in broiler diets." International Journal of Livestock Production 8.9 (2017): 136-144.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJLP2016.0307
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJLP/article-abstract/26A453765761

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