International Journal of Livestock Production
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Article Number - 4D2A70767190


Vol.9(1), pp. 9-16 , January 2018
DOI: 10.5897/IJLP2017.0408
ISSN: 2141-2448



Full Length Research Paper

Factors influencing the success of on-farm estrus synchronization of dairy cattle in North Shewa Zone, Amahara Region, Ethiopia



H. Gatew
  • H. Gatew
  • Department of Animal Science, Debre Berhan University, P. O. Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
T. Zewde
  • T. Zewde
  • Debre Berhan Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box: 112, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
G. Kassa
  • G. Kassa
  • Department of Animal Science, Debre Berhan University, P. O. Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Y. Chanyalew
  • Y. Chanyalew
  • Debre Berhan Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box: 112, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
L. Gazu
  • L. Gazu
  • Department of Animal Science, Debre Berhan University, P. O. Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 14 September 2017  Accepted: 06 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


To increase the efficiency of artificial insemination (AI) and improve reproductive performance of dairy cattle, different governmental organizations (GOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been conducting field level estrus synchronization followed by AI in different locations in Ethiopia. However, success rates varied from low to moderate between locations. North Shewa Zone of Amhara Region was among the areas where on-farm estrus synchronization was applied and resulted with very poor success. Therefore, this study was undertaken to assess factors that influenced the success of previously implemented field level estrus synchronization programs. A total of 144 smallholder dairy producers (121 men, 23 women) were interviewed to identify certain factors which affected the previous on-farm estrus synchronization programs. Nearly 64% of respondents had participated in the studied dairy cattle estrus synchronization program which was implemented in 2013 and 2014. Participation of farmers in estrus synchronization program was positively affected by the advancement of educational level being 57.5% illiterates, 64.3% reading and writing, 67.6% 1 to 6th grade and 68% above grade 7. About 53% of respondents did not have awareness in dairy cattle estrus synchronization technology at the time of implementation. About 59.72% of farmers who have awareness about estrus synchronization gave negative feedback towards the technology. The proportion of respondents who gave negative feedback towards the technology attributed to 88.3, 6.98 and 4.65% for poor pregnancy rate, poor heat response and unavailability of the service, respectively. Due to lack of awareness and feed resources, the majority of farmers (68.48%) do not supplement breeding cows/heifers. Inaccessibility of AI and improved bull service; heat detection problems; lack of awareness of farmers and poor cattle management systems were the major factors which are causing low pregnancy rate (20.18%) of the studied synchronization program.

Key words:  Awareness, dairy cattle, estrus synchronization, pregnancy rate.

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APA Gatew, H., Zewde, T., Kassa, G., Chanyalew, Y., & Gazu, L. (2018). Factors influencing the success of on-farm estrus synchronization of dairy cattle in North Shewa Zone, Amahara Region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Livestock Production, 9(1), 9-16.
Chicago H. Gatew, T. Zewde, G. Kassa, Y. Chanyalew and L. Gazu. "Factors influencing the success of on-farm estrus synchronization of dairy cattle in North Shewa Zone, Amahara Region, Ethiopia." International Journal of Livestock Production 9, no. 1 (2018): 9-16.
MLA H. Gatew, et al. "Factors influencing the success of on-farm estrus synchronization of dairy cattle in North Shewa Zone, Amahara Region, Ethiopia." International Journal of Livestock Production 9.1 (2018): 9-16.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJLP2017.0408
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJLP/article-abstract/4D2A70767190

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