International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
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Article Number - 2DCB3CC64168


Vol.9(5), pp. 61-71 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2017.1302
ISSN: 2006-9723



Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies in Dedo district of Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study



Nejash Abdela
  • Nejash Abdela
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar
Boru Midekso
  • Boru Midekso
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar
Jemal Jabir
  • Jemal Jabir
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar
Wezir Abdela
  • Wezir Abdela
  • School of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 20 March 2017  Accepted: 19 April 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


 Rabies is a fatal neglected viral zoonosis which causes encephalitis in many warm-blooded animals and humans. It is an incurable disease once the clinical signs appear. However, it can be prevented via vaccination and community awareness. This study was therefore designed to determine the level of community knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding rabies. Cross sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to January 2017 in Dedo district, Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia. Multistage sampling technique was employed for selection of sample unit and data were collected from 135 household by face-to-face interview using a semi structured and validated questionnaire. Logistic regression was used for assessing the association of independent variable with KAP score. Out of 135 participants interviewed, 71.1% were urban and 57% were male respondents. All (100%) participants had heard about rabies and 88.9% were aware that rabies is zoonotic. However, there were misperceptions about the causes, transmission and incubation period of rabies. Overall KAP score revealed that 51.9% of the respondents had a good KAP, whereas 48.1% was found to have poor KAP score. Multivariable analysis showed that a good KAP score was significantly higher in male than female (OR= 37.16, CI=4.7- 92.1, p= 0.001), in age group >46 years than 15 to 30 years (OR=8.9, CI=1.6-47.2) in urban than rural residents (OR=4.35, CI=1.3-14.14, p= 0.014), education (P= 0.040), in respondent who were at secondary school education level than illiterate  (OR=7.7, CI=1.05 - 56.64), in dog owners than those who had no dog (OR=2.9, CI=1.12-7.93, P=0.029), and in trained respondents than non-trained respondents (OR=3.37 CI=1.17-9.69, p=0.024). Generally, the overall, KAP score recorded in this study is an indication of low overall awareness level in the study area. This reflects the urgent need for rabies awareness programmes within the community. Thus, close collaboration of public health, veterinary sector and local authorities is a key element for preventing this fatal incurable disease.

 

Key words: Attitudes, knowledge, rabies, practices, Dedo.

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APA Abdela, N., Midekso, B., Jabir, J., & Abdela, W. (2017). Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies in Dedo district of Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 9(5), 61-71.
Chicago Nejash Abdela, Boru Midekso, Jemal Jabir and Wezir Abdela. "Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies in Dedo district of Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 9, no. 5 (2017): 61-71.
MLA Nejash Abdela, et al. "Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies in Dedo district of Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 9.5 (2017): 61-71.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJMMS2017.1302
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJMMS/article-abstract/2DCB3CC64168

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