International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 502

Full Length Research Paper

Supply chain management of anti-malarials in the district hospitals in Kumasi Metropolitan Area, Ashanti region of Ghana

Charlotte Sena Agyare
  • Charlotte Sena Agyare
  • Pharmacy Department, Tafo Government Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Newman Osafo
  • Newman Osafo
  • Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Christian Agyare*
  • Christian Agyare*
  • Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Kwame Ohene Buabeng
  • Kwame Ohene Buabeng
  • Department of Clinical and Social Pharmacy, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
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Akua Afriyie Abruquah
  • Akua Afriyie Abruquah
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumasi Polytechnic, Kumasi, Ghana.
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  •  Received: 02 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 07 March 2017
  •  Published: 30 April 2017

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the supply chain management of anti-malarials in the five district hospitals in the Kumasi Metropolitan Area (KMA) including the Regional Medical Store (RMS) and also to assess the level of knowledge of respondents on malaria in these facilities. Cross sectional study was conducted at the facilities and purposeful sampling technique was applied to select the clients and interviewed. All the hospitals sourced their anti-malarials from the regional medical store (RMS) with tablet artemether-lumefantrine, tablet artesunate-amodiaquine, injection artesunate and sulphadoxinepyrimethamine (SP) being dispensed by all the hospitals from January to December 2015. All health facilities transport their anti-malarials from RMS by vans. The commonly known anti-malarials by respondents were tablet artemether-lumefantrine (84.08%, n=169) and tablet artesunate-amodiaquine (81.09%, n =163), with 5.47% (n =11) of respondents not knowing any type of anti-malarial. Antimalarials used for the treatment of malaria was given to 65.67% (n=132) of the clients at the hospital. Most of these anti-malarials were available at the hospitals though some facilities encountered periodic shortages and also had stocks expiring within the studied period. Respondents had fair knowledge of the side effects of a few of the anti-malarials. There is a need to ensure proper and effective supply chain management of these anti-malarials in these hospitals to maintain adequate quantities of these medications in these hospitals and RMS.

Key words: Malaria, anti-malarial, supply chain management, plasmodia, female anopheles mosquito.